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The father in the poem got up everyday to build a fire and make the house warm for the family. Sunday was his day off from work (hard outdoor work that gave him "cracked hands" that hurt), but he didn't take a day off from being the father. He didn't sleep late on his day off. He took care of the family.
In the second stanza, we get a picture of the son. He doesn't get up until his father tells him the house is warm. Then he gets up and dresses. This is unlike his father who got dressed in "the blueblack cold."
The son says he fears "the chronic angers of that house." Probably, the parents fought with each other a lot. Perhaps their fights were sometimes physical. The son uses the word house, too, not home. That gives it a colder feeling and shows the parents didn't…
Winter Sundays," Robert Hayden memorializes his working class father in an emotionally powerful poem. The speaker reflects on the inability of his working class father to demonstrate love and affection in ways that a young child might have preferred, instead laboring his life away to the extent that resting on Sundays is barely possible. The poem is set on Sunday so that the speaker can reflect fully on how working class labor can be dispiriting for a man, while the seasonal setting of winter provides the additional imagery of the brutality of northern cold. Throughout his life, the father depicted in the poem remains stoic and uncomplaining and yet his frustration and anger do manifest themselves in the home environment. Notably absent from the poem is the speaker's mentioning of a mother, suggesting possibly that the father was a single father raising his son. Robert Hayden's "Those Winter Sundays" comments…
The "blueblack cold" of a winter morning suggests the touch of cold and the sight of blue frost in the darkness. The "cracked hands" of the father who labors for his living appeals to a sense of cold, harsh touch. The son can "hear the cold splintering" and feel the "banked fires blaze," a contrast of the cold sound of ice and the warm crackling fire, and the contrasting sensations of cold and warmth.
The contrast between the physical, particularly the tactile sense of warm and cold, intensifies the sense of thwarted love the father feels for the boy, but cannot really show, except in rising early to make a fire and polish the boy's good shoes.
Figures of speech
Synecdoche: (a single thing that stands for larger meaning) Lighting a fire becomes a synecdoche or stand-in for the man's entire relationship with his son.
Hyperbole: The suggestion "No one…
Austere." Definition from Dictionary. com. [19 May 2006.] http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=austere
Hayden, Robert. "Those Winter Days." Backpack Literature, An Introduction to Fiction, Poetry, and Drama. Edited by X.J. Kennedy and Dana Gioia.
Splintering." Definition from Dictonary.com. [19 May 2006.] http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=splintering
Called a “beautiful parental love poem” (Zandy vii) and “a meditation on the fraught love between fathers and sons,” (“Those Winter Sundays” 1) Robert Hayden’s poem “Those Winter Sundays” captures the conflict between the American Dream and the Great Depression. Hayden’s poem is brief and to the point, its imagery straightforward rather than cloaked in symbolism. As such, the poem reveals itself to the reader and remains dedicated to revealing its main theme related to the generation gap between parents and their children. Deeper analyses and historical context also show that Hayden conveyed the intricacies of intersectionality: particularly between race, class, and gender. Imagery is central to Hayden’s delivery and to the conveyance of the main themes of “Those Winter Sundays.”
The title of the poem immediately envelops the reader in the narrator’s landscape: the cold, brutal “blueback cold” of the American Midwest (Hayden line 2). Hayden was himself from…
Train in the Countryside" (c. 1872) by Claude Monet and "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte" (1884) by G. Seurat
In their artworks, "Train in the Countryside" (c. 1872) and "Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte" (1884), Claude Monet and Georges Seurat, respectively, present two very different views of life in the 19th century. To identify these differences and the techniques and motifs that are offered to the viewer, this paper analyzes these paintings and reviews the relevant literature, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these two paintings in the conclusion.
How the painting by Claude Monet "Train in the Countryside" is presented and what techniques and motifs it offers to the viewer
As shown in Figure 1 below, the trail of smoke left by the locomotive describes a Golden Section arc that is appealing to the eye even if viewers…
Austrum, D. C. (1998, October). Thursday and Friday afternoons on the bank of Tiffany Creek: A re-creation of Seurat's 'La Grande Jatte.' School Arts, 98(2), 38-41.
Floyd, J. (2009, Winter). Art of making art. The Sondheim Review, 16(2), 11-13.
Monet. (2015). Claude Monet 'Train in the Countrside.' Musee d'Orsay. Retrieved from http://www.musee-orsay.fr/en/collections/works-in-focus/painting/commentaire_id/train-in-the-countryside-18879.html?cHash=323d65af36 .
Strieter, T. W. (1999). Nineteenth-century European art: A topical dictionary. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Thus while the father is meant to be resting from a difficult work week, he is instead caring for his family.
It is important to note the two places in the poem where the reader can see that the narrator has the benefit of hindsight in evaluating his father's good deeds. The first is at the end of the first stanza, where the narrator states "No one ever thanked him" (Hayden). The narrator now recognizes the flaws in his own actions. Yet it is not simply "I never thanked him," but "No one." The narrator recognizes that there was not only a flaw in their relationship, but in the way his father was treated by his family as a whole, and perhaps the world. The poem as a whole sets a tone of lower- or working-class people (the reference to hands weary from labor provides the best clue) who struggle,…
Hayden, Robert. "Those Winter Sundays." Collected Poems of Robert Hayden. Liveright,
1985.Poetry Foundation. 2011. Web. 01 May 2011.
The title of Hayden's poem creates a mood, tone, and setting. inter is a time of retreat and frigid weather, and imagery of cold permeates the poem. Coldness is also the core emotion that the speaker conveys. The cold is "blueblack," which also signals a possible bruise, as if the father was indeed abusive. The father had "cracked hands that ached," which were not from the cold, though, but from his hard work, his labor in the "weekday weather."
Imagery of "splintering and breaking" is contrasted with the powerful last line of "Those inter Sundays," which refers to "love's austere and lonely offices." Love is neither austere nor lonely in Simon Ortiz's "My Father's Song." In "My Father's Song," the imagery is far more summery. Like the speaker in "Those inter Sundays," the speaker in "My Father's Song" refers to his dad's manual labor in the fields. Yet labor did…
Hayden, Robert. "Those Winter Sundays." Retrieved online: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/poem/175758
Ortiz, Simon J. "My Father's Song." Retrieved online: http://writersalmanac.publicradio.org/index.php?date=2003/06/15
Moreover, the narrator remembers that his father used to shine his Sunday shoes. Those small gestures went unnoticed by the young boy, who viewed his silent, cold dad as a formidable family figure. The father's selflessness is further underscored by the first two words of the poem: "Sundays too," (line 1). Reflecting on his childhood, the narrator remembers that even though his father worked like a dog all week, he still wanted to wake up early enough on Sunday to spend time with his son.
Ironically, the young narrator could "hear the cold" better than he could hear his father (line 6). His father was as silent as the snow outside, but the young boy was too immature to understand his father's reticence. Children frequently need displays of affection for reassurance and security. His father could not offer verbal love to his son. As a result, the young child learned…
For example, the word "ring" connotes a wedding ring and it also refers more directly to the "ring of boots" at her feet. The word "lifted" also has a double meaning, one literal and one metaphorical. The mother remembers literally lifting her baby boy in the bathtub, but she contemplates how he is being "lifted" or stolen by his fiance. Her baby boy is leaving her. The word "bedded" also connotes two different things, suggesting both sex but also finality as she describes the feeling wedding ring being permanently em-bedded on a person's finger.
6. The first stanza of Agha Shahid Ali's poem "Postcard from Kashmir" is filled with hope and optimism, delivered mainly by the word "neat." Written from a youthful perspective, the word "neat" is often used as slang like the word "cool" is. Moreover, the word "neat" is used to described his humble yet poor home. The…
Robert Hayden is set at a time during the cold climates. However, despite the time frame in which the poem was set, the poem is still applicable to situations not properly set in the cold days of living. What the poet, Robert Hayden, points out is that the labor that the narrator's father expends just to be able to make a well made fire to get out the cold in their home. The cold atmosphere in which the poem is set is not only literal, but also symbolic. The cold atmosphere that the narrator experiences and his father try to eliminate in their house is an analogy to the cold treatment that the narrator gives to his father. Despite the work the narrator's father had done just to make the house warmer, the narrator, not even a member of his family, did not thank him for his effort. The poet…
After she got cleaned up and put down her bag, they went out to eat at a diner. Lexi wanted to order the beef that tasted of home, but Grandma and Pop-Pop said that would be too much for a little girl and ordered her chicken fingers instead. "Every kid likes chicken fingers," they said. Lexi hated chicken, and she also hated the Jell-O that came with her kid's meal. Her grandparents ordered from a menu called 'Early Bird Special.'
Lexi found riding around in the car after the long plane ride from Texas really boring, but she didn't say anything. That was Lexi's usual technique, to say nothing. Her dad called her the strong and silent type.
"What do you do all day in the middle of nowhere?" said her grandmother. Lexi imagined herself on a map labeled 'nowhere.' She knew what her grandmother meant, and kind of felt…
I felt a little said I couldn't take them all home and show them to Grandma, but that was soon overcome by feeling good about letting them go instead of being greedy and wasting nature's beautiful resources.
That just had to be one of the best days of my life because I still remember it with warmth in my heart, appreciation for what I learned, and a deep love for Grandpa for taking the time to teach me.
He saved my cousin Richard's life too. I was eight. Richard was twelve, and almost didn't make it to thirteen. It was Christmas vacation at Grandma and Grandpa's house in Arkansas. A heavy snow had fallen, and us kids were having an all-out snowball fight near the lake. Of course, Grandpa had warned us several times not to go near the lake, but, hey, we were kids and we were having fun,…
133). This informal power is quite significant when it comes to patient decisions and as such doctors need to appreciate and understand this power nurses wield.
Due to the unique information nurses have about patients, nurses have considerable decision-making responsibilities concerning patients. For this reason, many medical schools have implemented programs, in their curriculum, to teach medical student how important it is to listen to the advice of their nurses. Innovative universities like the University of Kentucky Medical Center actually encouraged their residents to develop a collaborative partnerships with the nurses with which they worked. Paynton (2009) notes that outcomes of patient care improve when collaboration increases and the role of nurses is valued. However, regretfully, this collaboration does not always take place.
Although there is a shift in trends towards more collaboration between doctors and nurses, giving nurses more formal power in advocating for patients, the narratives collected by…
Goodman, B. (Nov 2003). Ms. B and legal competence: Examining the role of nurses in difficult ethico-legal decision-making. Nursing in Critical Care, 8(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.
Keatley, V. (2008). Identifying and Articulating the Characteristics of Nursing Agency: BSN Students' Perspective. Self-Care, Dependent-Care & Nursing, 16(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.
Lawson, L. (2008). Person-centered forensic nursing. Journal of Forensic Nursing, 4(3). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.
McCarthy, V. & Freeman, L. (Fall-Winter 2008). A multidisciplinary concept analysis of empowerment: Implications for nursing. Journal of Theory Construction & Testing, 12(2). Retrieved April 22, 2009, from CINAHL Plus.
George simply paying attention. It a long drive back home family's winter vacation, Interstate coming downtown area city. His wife front. In backseat young daughter younger brother, feeling sick home.ID
George's dilemma: Kant vs. consequentialism (utilitarianism)
According to Kant's categorical imperative, the ethical actor must behave as if he is setting a law for all time, not merely dealing with the specifics of every ethical situation. Taking a bribe is wrong, and factors such as George's weariness, his son's illness, and other situational factors do not make the taking of the bribe less immoral. The categorical imperative is categorical because there are no conditions limiting its expression. It is stated by Kant: "I ought never to act except in such a way that I could also will that my maxim should become a universal law' (4:402). This is the principle which motivates a good will, and which Kant holds to…
Driver, Julia. (2009). The history of utilitarianism. The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Johnson, Robert, (2010). Kant's moral philosophy The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
Response from District Superintendent
How did the parents' letter make you feel? Be candid in your response.
How did I feel when reading this belligerent letter? My first impression after reading half way through the letter was, here is a member of (or an ideological believer in) the Tea Party and the school's multicultural programs give him a perfect opportunity to rage against immigration. Reading all the way through, and reading it a second time, it is apparent that the father has a chip on his shoulder because he served in combat missions and now that he is out of uniform he believes he has the right to rage against what he feels is too much attention paid to other cultures / subcultures in America.
He can say that he was in the service with others of different nationalities and ethnicities -- and therefore he can't…
Fram, A. (2010). Hispanics Face Most Discrimination In U.S. (Poll). Huff Post Politics.
Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.huffingtonpost.com .
ISLLC Standards. (2008). ISLL standards that help define strong school leadership. Retrieved October 1, 2013, from http://www.schoolbriefing.com.
Merced County Public Schools (2010). Multicultural Education Plan. Retrieved October 1, 2013,
Fauvism in 20th-century Paintings
The medium I have selected for the time line I will be working on for the museum website is 20th-century Western painting, sharing the common theme of Fauvism.
th-century Western painting began with the weighty influence of painters like Paul Gauguin, Vincent van Gogh, Georges Seurat, Henri de Toulouse Lautrec and the like - all of whom played critical roles in shaping the modern art. At the start of the 20th-century Henri Matisse, along with a number of other young artists including Andre Derain, aoul Dufy, and Maurice de Vlaminck collectively influenced the existing Paris art scene by introducing "bold," vividly vibrant paintings of landscapes and figure. The style adopted by these young artists that have been referred to as Fauvism by critics. Fauvism is predominantly talked about as the style characteristic of the works of a seemingly loose group of Modern artists in…
Derain, A. (Painter). (1903). Self-portrait in the Studio [Painting], Retrieved September 10, 2011, from:
Derain, A. (Painter). (1906). Charing Cross Bridge [Painting], Retrieved Sep 10, 2011, from:
Tale as Told by another Character: Sweat - Zora Neale Hurston
The spring came along with its flare of sunny afternoons in Florida on that particulate Sunday afternoon. For a given number of women in the small village populated by the black persons would be thinking of what the family would have for supper. However, for Delia Jones, she was still in bed, thinking of her previous life when she was still young and pretty. Then the thought of her poverty and suffering stricken husband hit her mind, and the trail of cursing and lamentations flowed from her mind; and eventually found their way into verbal words oozing from her mouth like the waters of the spring streams of the Amazon. Sure, this situation was getting to the peak of the humiliation and underpinning of poverty and suffering that she could take.
Delia sat up in her bed of…
Anders Bjorklund, Donna K. Ginther, and Marianne Sundstrom. "Family Structure and Child
Outcomes in the U.S.A. And Sweden." Journal of Population Economics 20.1 (2007):
183. ProQuest. Web. 24 Aug. 2013.
Hurston, Zora N. Novels and Stories. New York, NY: Libr. Of America, 1995. Print.
history of Missouri there is a strained and well-documented legacy of slavery and conflict over it. As the nation divided itself on the political/economic rather than moral issue of slavery, deciding status of statehood almost entirely on this one issue Missouri was caught in the middle. Yet, this reality had little if anything to do with the reality of life for black women in the state. Black women's lives both free and slave revolved around work and family. In many ways black women, and marginalized women in general are the first real example of a women's working class.
Black women worked in and out of the home either for themselves or for another and lived their lives almost unaffected by the political decisions, made to seem so important in retrospect. That which was important to real working black women was the economy and for that reason most free blacks lived…
Discus, Malinda. Slave Narratives -- Missouri. 1936-1938 Western Historical Manuscripts Collection. University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri George P. Rawick Papers. At http://www.umsl.edu/~libweb/blackstudies
Henderson, Isabelle, Slave Narratives -- Missouri. 1936-1938 Western Historical Manuscripts Collection. University of Missouri Columbia, Missouri George P. Rawick Papers. At http://www.umsl.edu/~libweb/blackstudies
State of Missouri Official Manual, 1973-1974 The Role of the Negro in Missouri History at: www.umsl.edu/services/library/blackstudies/freenegr.htm" State of Missouri Official Manual, 1973-1974 The Role of the Negro in Missouri History at http://www.umsl.edu/services/library/blackstudies/freenegr.htm
limitations and capabilities of intelligence for corroborating homeland security efforts?
Sharing of intelligence and extensive threat analysis
There are quite many intelligent agencies working round the clock analyzing the data yet no single agency is working on analyzing the incoming data regarding terrorism in United States of America. No agency is presently working to gather intelligence and look for trends (DHS, 2002). Under the United States' president, a new department was formed which analyzed the data taken from government reserves such as DOE, DEA, INS, FBI, NSA, CIA and DOT along with public records. The department has the task of looking for trends keeping the big picture in mind. It is ready all-the-time to counter any probable terrorist activity underway (DHS, 2002).
An Example: Distribution of important pharmaceuticals
Potassium Iodide (KI) is quite a drug assisting in countering thyroid cancer when exposed to radiation. The drug needs to be taken…
Department of Homeland Security (2002). The Department of Homeland Security as approved by the President of the United States. Defense Homeland Security.
Kate Martin. (2004). Domestic Intelligence and Civil Liberties. SAIS Review 24, no. 1 (Winter-Spring 2004): 8.
Logan, K. (2010). Homeland Security and Intelligence. Santa Barbara, Calif: Praeger Security International.
National Security Strategy (2010). National Security Strategy as approved by the President of the United States. Defense Homeland Security.
Pissarro took a special interest in his attempts at painting, emphasizing that he should 'look for the nature that suits your temperament', and in 1876 Gauguin had a landscape in the style of Pissarro accepted at the Salon. In the meantime Pissarro had introduced him to Cezanne, for whose works he conceived a great respect-so much so that the older man began to fear that he would steal his 'sensations'. All three worked together for some time at Pontoise, where Pissarro and Gauguin drew pencil sketches of each other (Cabinet des Dessins, Louvre).
Gauguin settled for a while in ouen, painting every day after the bank he worked at closed.
Ultimately, he returned to Paris, painting in Pont-Aven, a well-known resort for artists.
Le Christ Jaune (the Yellow Christ) (Pioch, 2002) Still Life with Three Puppies 1888 (Pioch, 2002)
In "Sunny side down; Van Gogh and Gauguin," Martin…
Bailey, Martin. (2008). Dating the raindrops: Martin Bailey reviews the final volumes in the catalogues of the two most important collections of Van Gogh's drawings. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
Martin. (2005) "Van Gogh the fakes debate. Apollo Magazine Ltd. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-127058183.html . Bell, Judith. (1998). Vincent treasure trove; the van Gogh Museum's van Goghs. Vincent van Gogh's works from the original collection of his brother Theo. World and I. News World Communications, Inc. Retrieved February 26, 2009 from HighBeam Research:
The divisions ere as such:
1. The highest class amongst the slave as of the slave minister; he as responsible for most of the slave transactions or trades and as also alloed to have posts on the government offices locally and on the provincial level.
2. This as folloed by the class of temple slaves; this class of slaves as normally employed in the religious organizations usually as janitors and caretakers of priestesses in the organization.
3. The third class of slaves included a range of jobs for slaves i.e. slaves ho ere appointed as land/property etc. managers ere included in this class as ell as those slaves ho ere employed as merchants or hired to help around the pastures and agricultural grounds. A majority of this class included the ordinary household slaves.
4. The last class amongst the slaves also included a range of occupations of the slaves extending…
works cited at the end.
If I were to conclude the significance of Paul's letter to Philemon and his approach to demand Onesimus' hospitality and kinship status, I can say that it was clearly his approach towards his demands that has made the letter such a major topic of discussion with regards to slavery. If Paul had taken an aggressive approach and straight away demanded the release and freedom of Onesimus, the letter would not been preserved in the history books for the generations to follow; that is a surety. I say this because it was Paul's approach and choice of language structure that caused for a large amount of debate to follow. It has been this debate, whether it has been on slavery or the various interpretations of his language structure, that has allows this letter and the relevant history to live on through the centuries. Of course, it is important to understand Philemon's role here as well, because it was his choice to treat the letter with a certain amount of respect and dignity that contributed to the letter's longevity as well. If Philemon had chosen to disregard Paul's requests and thrown away the letter as one that was not worthy of consideration, nobody would've even had the chance to debate the letter's significance in history. This again takes me back to the language structure adopted by Paul as he was able to soften his approach of the numerous demands as well that helped Philemon play his part of respecting what was demanded. Interestingly enough, Onesimus did go on to take on the duties as a bishop! To think that this line of action came about with only a choice of softening one's demands is extra-ordinary and the credit goes solely to Paul!
JM.G. Barclay, Colossians and Philemon, Sheffield Academic Press, 1997
Bartchy, S.S. (1973). First-Century Slavery and the Interpretation of 1 Corinthians 7:21 (SBLDS 11; Atlanta: Scholars Press) 175.
5 gram per pound of bodyweight. Proteins give the muscle energy to grow but carbohydrates are just as important to promote the muscle to heal.
The following is a 3 day meal schedule recommended to the athlete:
reakfast- High energy cereal with whole milk
Fruit of his choice
Apricot nectar juice
Corn and peas
Snack (3)- left up to the athlete
reakfast- Eggs and whole wheat or grain toast
Fruit of his choice
aked or roasted fish
Corn and beans
Snack (3)- left up to the athlete
reakfast- Hot cereal with whole milk
Fruit of his choice
Steak or ground beef
Coaching Association of Canada. (2010). "Gaining Weight for Athletes." Retrieved on April 16,
2010 from http://www.coach.ca/admin/pdf_admin/pdf/Nutrition_GainWeight_eng.pdf
Riveria, H. (2010). "Weight Gain and Bulking Up Rules for the Natural Bodybuilder."
Retrieved on April 16, 2010 from http://bodybuilding.about.com/od/nutritionbasics/a/bulkingupdiet.htm
I know the teaching profession doesn't pay much, and there are a lot of serious problems in schools today, but I'm up for the challenge. They say if you can make a big difference in the lives of three or four students in each class, you can consider that you have done your job.
"I'll try to make a difference in the lives of every student in every class. What's wrong with trying to go for it all? The Phillies tried to go for it all and win a World Series, but they got stopped just short of their goal. Still, how many other teams didn't even get that far? In the National League there are 16 teams, so the Phillies beat out 15 teams to get to the world series. If I can change the lives of even 2 or 3 students in each of my 4 or 5…
Notwithstanding the challenges involved, the stakes are high and there is little room for false starts or experimentation; therefore, identifying a general set of best practices that Gambian organizations can follow in developing their own set of sustainable productivity practices represents a valuable and timely undertaking, which relates to the purpose of the study which is discussed further below.
Purpose of Study
The overall purpose of this study was to study to provide a review of the relevant juried and scholarly literature together with the findings of a survey of Gambian business leaders to generally identify the most pressing priorities for developing the nation's infrastructure and sustainable organizational productivity. The specific purpose of the study was to determine whether SMEs face the same types of challenges of to optimum performance as their larger corporate counterparts, and to identify any peculiar organizational characteristics that determine levels of performance between SMEs and…
About us. 2010. The Gambia Experience. Retrieved from http://www.gambia.co .uk/Docs/About' target='_blank' REL='NOFOLLOW'>
Gordimer and Walker
ace and gender have been shown to be major social issues throughout the world as demonstrated through short stories written by Nadine Gordimer, who writes from a South African perspective, and Alice Walker, who writes from an American perspective. Gordimer's "Country Lovers" (1975), takes a look at South African apartheid and allows the reader insight into the discrimination that was prevalent in society. Likewise, Walker's "The Welcome Table" (1970), takes a look at discrimination within American society. Gordimer and Walker's short stories analyze racial discrimination and the impacts that it has on the female protagonist in each story.
Nadine Gordimer was born in South Africa on November 20, 1923 and has lived there her entire life (Nadine Gordimer, 2005). Gordimer published her first work at 15 years old and since then, she has written numerous short story collections and novels. Although Gordimer contends that she is not…
Bazin, N.T. And Gordimer, N. (1995). An interview with Nadine Gordimer. Contemporary Literature. 36.1 (Winter), pp. 571-587. JSTOR. Accessed 17 June 2012.
The History of Apartheid in South Africa. (n.d.) Stanford University. Accessed 6 May 2012,
Gordimer, N. (1975). Country Lovers. Soldier's Embrace. Chapter 3. pp. 44-50.
Lengel says, "That's all right...but this isn't the beach." And after a counter-protest by another of the three girls, Lengel lectures, "e want you decently dressed when you come in here." For all the readers know, Lengel himself is turned on by the lovely young women, and is only ranting at them in order to gaze at the splendor on display. In any event, Queenie says, "e are decent"; she is definitely becoming agitated, and as the narrator reminds readers, she is acutely conscious of her apparent high social standing, and needn't put up with a pious loser manager in a store "pretty crummy" store. The Sunday school pedagogue has his last say; "Girls I don't want to argue with you. After this come in here with your shoulders covered. It's our policy." He turns his back on the girls. Sammy hasn't rung up the herring fillets yet; but the…
Updike, John. "A&P." The Early Stories: 1953-1975. New York: Random House, 2003.
Wells, Walter. "John Updike's 'A&P': a return visit to Araby." Studies in Short Fiction 30.2
Cultural Perceptions of Time in frica
Time is a foundational factor in every culture. The perception of time is different for most cultures and the determining factor to those differences is often based on the means of production. "Most cultures have some concept of time, although the way they deal with time may differ fundamentally." (Kokole 1994, 35) Tracing the perception of the concept of time in frica can be seen as tracing the European racial prejudices of the intellect of the indigenous populations in the colonized regions of frica. Much of the information regarding the development of time concepts in frican culture is colonial and based on the European interlopers recorded ideas.
Some of those recorded ideas are those of missionaries and others are those of capitalist adventurers, with the intermittent mark of a very few true historians.
In Mali, as in many other parts of frica, there are…
Akan" is an ethnographic and linguistic term used to refer to a cluster of culturally homogenous groups living in central and southern Ghana and parts of the adjoining eastern Cote d'Ivoire. The Akan constitute two broad subcategories: the inland Asante, Bono, Akyem, Akwapem, and Kwawu, who speak the Twi, and the coastal Fante, who speak a dialect of the same name. The Akan dialects are, for the most part, mutually intelligible. Most of these ethnic groups constituted autonomous political systems in the pre-colonial period. www.questia.com/PageManagerHTMLMediator.qst?action=openPageViewer&docId=55458430" (Adjaye 1994, 57)
Studies of Akan time perceptions and calendrical systems have been limited despite the fact that the existence of institutions and mechanisms for time-reckoning have been noted in the literature on the history and ethnography of the Akan for nearly two centuries. Beyond early sparse references by Rattray (1923) and Danquah (1968), a full-length monograph on the subject did not appear until Deborah Fink "Time and Space Measurements of the Bono of Ghana" (1974); however, the author's primary concern was with the applicability of Bono terminologies for measuring volume, weight, and time to formal education, rather than with time-marking systems P.F. Bartle brief five-page paper, "Forty Days: The Akan Calendar" (1978), was an exploratory essay into a single calendrical framework, the 40-day (adaduanan) cycle. Its treatment is consequently restrictive and limited to the 40-day calendrical structure. Similarly, Tom McCaskie "Time and the Calendar in Nineteenth-Century Asante: An Exploratory Essay" (1980) and Ivor Wilks ' "On Mentally Mapping Greater Asante: A Study of Time and Motion" (1992) are concerned primarily with a specific aspect of time: the scheduling of diplomatic and other governmental business in Asante.
(Adjaye 1994, 57)
In June, 1966he first appeared in Covent Garden in another Donizetti role, Tonio in la Fille du egiment and was so skilled at the difficult range of the role the press dubbed him the "King of the High C's" (Woodstra, Brennan and Schrott, iv; (Ah Mes Amis - Live at Covet Garden 1966).
He began recording and adding to his repetoire; 1969 opposite enata Scotto in I Lombardi, the rarely performed I Caputelti e I Montecchi, and a complete L'Elisir d'Amore with his now famous friend, Sutherland. On Feburary 17, 1972, Pavarotti made a stunning breakthrough at the Metropolitan Opera in La Fille, receiving 17 curtain calls and wild raves from both the crowd and critics; as well as doting praise from Mirella Freini (emembering Pavarotti; a Mes Amis - Live at the Met 1972).
From then on, Pavarotti was in demand as a world-class tenor. He was brought into…
"Ah Mes Amis - Live at the Met 1972." 1972. You Tube. November 2010 .
"Ah Mes Amis - Live at Covet Garden 1966." June 1966. YouTube. November 2010 .
Arendt, P. "It Was All About the Voice." 7 September 2007. The Guardian. November 2010 .
Block, M. "60 Minutes Story About Singer." 15 October 2004. Television Newswriting Workship. November 2010 .
In fact, many subsequent expeditions attempted and failed to follow Peary's route and reach the Pole in 37 days, and the feat was not accomplished until 2005.20
Peary's other problem was one of geography. The geographical data that he returned with, particularly as it concerned Greenland, was simply erroneous and there was debate over whether these were simple errors of science or outright fabrications.21 Henderson claimed that Peary's diary lacked the amount of wear and grease stains one might expect of an object that had been to the Poles, and that the penmanship was far too perfect to be written by a man whose extremities must have been numbingly cold.22
Naturally, none of these things add up to hard and fast evidence - for example, although the penmanship in Peary's diary is clearly quite tidy, there are in fact stains on the pages.23 hat constitutes enough staining? That is clearly…
Abbot, Deborah. "Hero of the Arctic: A new biography of polar explorer Matthew Henson," Chicago Sun-Times, Feb 5, 2006. Retrieved Sept. 10, 2006 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4155/is_20060205/ai_n16052644 .
Bradshaw, Peter. "Men Who Are Poles Apart," Evening Standard (London). May 22, 1998. Retrieved Sept. 9, 2006 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4153/is_19980522/ai_n11865447 .
Curtis, Gene. "Peary finds North Pole; Cook feted in Copenhagen," Tulsa World (Tulsa, Okla.). Sept. 7, 2005.
Doyle, Alister. "Norway runs its flag up the Pole and hauls Old Glory down," Sunday Herald (London). May 13, 2001. Retrieved Sept. 9, 2006 at http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_20010513/ai_n13960173 .
Anxieties of hite Mississippians Regarding Slavery
In Bradley G. Bond's book Mississippi: A Documentary History, the author describes in great detail the restlessness and anxiety that white folks in Mississippi felt with reference to the institution of slavery. Bond describes the growth of slavery, what crops made it necessary for Southern landowners to purchase more slaves, the laws that pertained to the behavior of slave owners and slaves, and more. This paper reviews and critiques the Antebellum Slavery chapter (4) in Bond's book.
The Code Noir was a law that was enacted in Louisiana in 1724, likely the first such law that was designed to lay out in particulars as to what was expected of slave owners and slaves. At that time in Mississippi, there was a great deal of tobacco and indigo being grown but not a lot of cotton. hen landowners began to realize that cotton…
Bond, Bradley G. Mississippi: A Documentary History. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi. 2005.
While the tale of how we suffer, and how we are delighted, and how we may triumph is never new, it must always be heard," writes James aldwin in his short story, Sonny's lues. "There isn't any other tale to tell, it's the only light we've got in all this darkness." This might be called the theme of Sonny's lues, and it comes at the end of a long descriptive passage about the playing of music -- of the blues, in particular -- and how truly playing music is difficult, dangerous, beautiful, and deep; that being intimate with one's instrument is akin to being intimate with one's life. Sonny's lues is about being lost, and trying to be found, within the context of being a black man in this society; and of finding oneself as so many black men have, through the blues -- both as music, and…
Baldwin, James. (1957). "Sonny's Blues." In A. Charters, S. Charters (Eds.). Literature and Its Writers (pp. 65-88). Boston: Bedford Books.
Campbell, James. Talking at the Gates: A Life of James Baldwin: With a New Afterword University of California Press, 2002.
Miller, D. Quentin. Re-Viewing James Baldwin: Things Not Seen Temple University Press 2000.
Sherard, Tracey. "Sonny's Bebop: Baldwin's "Blues Text" as Intracultural Critique." African-American Review Winter 1998: 691-705.
"Global air temperatures have been rising at a steady trend rate of 0.5 degrees Centigrade per century since about 1750, as the world recovers from the little ice age." (Evans, Global Research, 2009
Global temperatures cooled off from 1940 through the late 1970's, which refutes the casual relationship earlier defined by scientists between rises in CO2 levels and global warming. Tsonis also points to a Washington Post article from 1922 that reports Greenland glaciers to be fast disappearing and arctic seals not engaging their warmer waters. Subsequently the period from the 1980's to 2000 showed an aggressive rise in temperature. Tsonis does agree to an element of human activity and greenhouse gas that contributes to the MDO cycle but does not believe in predictions of catastrophe associated with Global Warming. He further states that we may see reports of an on setting ice age by the early 2030's, as the…
Environmentalists 'exaggerated' threat to tropical rainforests from global warming. David Derbyshire. November 10, 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-1328853/Environmentalists-exaggerated-threat-tropical-rainforests-global-warming.html
Global warming or global cooling? S. Anklesaria Aiyari. India Times. February 27, 2005. Retrieved from: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/home/sunday-toi/all-that-matters/Global-warming-or-global-cooling/articleshow/1034077.cms
Global Warming or Global Cooling? A New Trend in Climate Alarmism. Dr. David Evans. Centre for Research on Globalization -- GlobalResearch.ca. July 23, 2009. Retrieved from: http://www.globalresearch.ca/index.php?context=va&aid=14504
Skeptics on Human Climate Impact Seize on Cold Spell. Andrew C. Revin. The New York Times -- Science. March 2, 2006. Retrieved from: http://www.nytimes.com/2008/03/02/science/02cold.html?_r=3&ex=1362114000&en=ac4d3adc9cb328c1&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss&oref=slogin&oref=slogin
What happened?" What happened was that many hotel restaurants have focused on providing their guests with better food that has them returning in droves: "Many restaurants in hotels are extremely competitive in both the quality of food served and the dining service" (Lee, 1998, p. 38). In response to precedent-setting losses in 1995, the hotel industry has been "looking for innovative food and beverage concepts intended to first and foremost make the hotel a center community," the American Hotel and Motel Association. Hotel service reports, including food service, which must be sufficiently compelling to keep hotel guests in-house while remaining sufficiently innovative to keep them from walking out the door (Lee, 1998). This point is echoed by Meryment (2006) who reports of Australia hoteliers: "There was a time, not long ago, when to eat in a hotel restaurant was akin to suffering a social death. Nobody, but nobody, would choose…
Daylesford. (2004). The Age Co. [Online]. Available: http://www.theage.com.au/news/Victoria/Daylesford/2005/02/17/1108500206394.html .
Johnson, E. (2006, September 15). Restaurants: Not Hollywood - but cuisine shouts class. Daily Post, 20.
Kane, J.J., & Personick, M.E. (1993). Profiles in safety and health: Hotels and motels. Monthly Labor Review, 116(7), 36.
Lee, D.T. (1998). Young, but seasoned hotel chefs. American Visions, 13(6), 38.
It is also more likely to create a constructive rather than a destructive outcome, it is a process of conflict resolution that may aim to arrive at the truth of a given situation rather than simple victory for one side and it is the only technique of struggle that is consistent with the teachings of the major religions (eber and Burrowes, n.d.).
Nonviolent action is a method by which people who reject passivity and submission, and who see struggle as necessary, can have their conflict without violence. Nonviolent acts are not seen as an attempt to steer clear of or ignore conflict. They are one reaction to the problem of how to act effectively in politics, particularly how to wield powers effectively. It consists of acts of protest and persuasion, noncooperation and nonviolent intervention designed to undermine the sources of power of the opponent in order to bring about change…
Burstein, Stanley M. And Shek, Richard. 2005. "World History Ancient Civilizations." Texas:
Holt, Rinhart and Winston
Jones, Chris. 2008. "Analysis of Martin Luther King Jr.'s Letter from Birmingham Jail."
Web. 27 April 2010.
And there is Nelson, arry's son, a drug addict whose dependence is pushing him toward a mental breakdown.
Updike touches on the spiritual awareness of American's during a conversation between arry and his friend Charlie Stavos. "What do you think you are champ?" asks Charlie when arry questions his choice to have pig valve replacement surgery. "A god made one of a kind with an immortal soul breathed in. A vehicle of grace. A battle field of good and evil. An apprentice angel. All those things they tried to teach you in Sunday school, or really didn't try very hard to teach you, just let them drift in and out of the pamphlets back there in that church basement buried deeper in his mind than an air-raid shelter."
In the course of the novel, Updike comments on the overabundance of information available through the media. "There is just no end…
Harry sleeps with Nelson's wife Pru, his own daughter-in-law. "This is the worst thing you've ever done," says Janice. Harry runs south to Florida when the news of this infidelity becomes known and suffers another heart attack.
After Harry's coronary surgery his sister Mim phones from Las Vegas. Referring to their dead parents, Mim declares: "I suppose their hearts failed in the end but so does everybody's, because that's what life is, a strain on the heart." Harry dies a victim of his own moralistic delusions, his sexism, and his endless lechery.
In this book Updike has amassed a portrait of American culture and its disintegration. His examination of issues includes drug addiction, business corruption, the AIDS epidemic, the selling of America to foreign investors, and the fate of women in a declining job market. The flaws of Harry "Rabbit" Angstrom are the flaws of America. The novel is a condemnation of the greed and instant gratification prevalent in the American psyche during the 1980's.
There are also some words that are used, which do not translate into English such as privacy. This is because the cultural traditions of Russia do not understand such concepts, which makes translating certain ideas more challenging. (Richmond, 2009, pp. 109 -- 117)
Russian is a Slavic language that has close ties to all of the different European languages including: English and German. This means that many of the root words are similar to what is used in the common languages spoken throughout the West. However, as far as the alphabet is concerned, the language will utilize what is known as the Cyrillic alphabet. This is different from Western languages, as each of 32 different symbols will represent particular roots of certain words. When reading the language and learning Russian, the basic alphabet will help foreign business executives to navigate their way around. With the alphabet is pronounced…
Andresen, F. (2007). Walking on Ice. Denver, CO: Outskirts Press.
Ayios, A. (2004). East West Relationships in Russia. Trust and Western Russian Business Relationships. (pp. 156 -- 180). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.
Horton, P. (2006). Religion. Russia and Belarus. (pp. 77 -- 83). Melbourne: Lonely Planet Publications.
Jones, A. (1994). Education and Society in the New Russia. Armonk, NY: ME Sharpe.
The first generation of native Filberts were just starting to b born then, and the town was still small. A few of the founding families, however, wanted to move on West now that statehood gave the place an air of too much civilization.
The Walsh's did leave, but everyone else voted and decided to stay. When Filbert got its own school system, their was a brief debate about keeping the Walsh's out of the town's history, but the truth -- and Linda McMurtry, great-great-great-niece of Aldous Walsh -- kept the story whole.
She doesn't visit often.
She didn't seem to care much where we stopped.
I was tired, too.
Still, she could have waited for a nicer plot of land.
or I could have kept on walking.
I hear the kids are moving on, and she with them.
There goes the West.
" The desire of the humble is to be one with God and to heed God's Word without being demanding. To have faith and be humble means internalizing the words of God, "Thy kingdom come, Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven," (Matthew 6:10). Trusting that God's kingdom is far greater than any person could imagine is the meaning of Christian faith. Likewise, Christian faith means praying for God's will to be manifest on earth rather than the will of human beings. Human beings are fallible, whereas God is not. To have faith in a person is good to an extent, but having faith in God is far more reliable and meaningful. "It is better to trust in the LORD than to put confidence in man," (Psalm 118:8).
Jesus reiterates the importance of faith throughout his life and teachings. Faith and prayer remain closely linked in…
The Majlis al-Shura is appointed every four years while the Majlis al-Ummah members are elected every four years. The Majlis al-Shura serves in a monarch while the Majlis al-Ummah serves in a democracy. The running of Majlis al-Shura requires expertise in various fields.The council members are therefore some of the most educated people in the country. On the contrary, Majlis al-Ummah deals with issues that are mubar and do not necessarily need experts to make conclusions. These decisions by the Majlis al-Ummah are referred to as 'mashura'.The opinion of the majority are taken as the binding opinion since mubah issue have no wrong or rights. The other difference that exits between Majlis al-Shura and Majlis al-Ummah is that Majlis al-Shura has more members (150 members) when compared to Majlis al-Ummah (60 members). Majlis al-Shura also appears to be more of a political council that is mandated to run the country's…
Baaklini, AI.,Denoeux, G .,Springborg R (1999)Legislative politics in the Arab world: the resurgence of democratic institutions. Lynne Rienner Publishers
British Broadcasting Corporation (2011).Women in Saudi Arabia to vote and run in elections
Heydemann, S (2006).In the Shadow of Democracy: Review Article. Middle East Journal. 60 (1) Winter, 2006.).The Council of Ummah (Majlis ul-Ummah)
BP and how it can impact on the performanve of the firm
In the recent times, a number of people have opposed the strategies that have been developed by BP. The major strategies that have been opposed by individuals is that of stoping the case regarding oil spill in the gulf of mexico.Operational strategy and effectiveness are vital for superior performance which is usually the main aim of all enterprises and organizations. A firm may perform better than its rivals only if the organization is capable of establishing a difference it is capable of preserving. The firms have to deliver higher values to its customers. Besides, the organizations should be capable of creating comparable values at very low costs. Delivering higher values enables companies to charge higher unit prices. Similarly, very great efficiency and effectiveness will result into very low unit costs. Operational effectiveness (OE) implies performing same activities more…
Austin, E.W., & Pinkleton, B.E. 2006. Strategic public relations management:
Planning and managing effective communication programs (2nd ed). Mahwah,
Axson, A.J. 2003. Best practices in planning and management reporting. New York:
Music and Personal Association
What music do you associate with childhood? How did/does this music make you feel? How do your choices reflect your childhood experiences?
There is not much that I can recall about my childhood in detail. My memory tends to be unreliable at best. That is why I find it so incredible that the music of the Beatles remains a vivid and constant presence in my memories. Indeed, even before I remember knowing that red means 'stop' or green means 'go,' I knew all the words to "Yellow Submarine." It was almost as if I was born with the melody to "Hey Jude" in may head. In fact, since my parents were such devoted listeners to the Beatles, I have little doubt that this was the soundtrack to my gestation.
The constant presence of the Beatles would have an indelible impact on me. There are…
Every individual in this community will face an emergency or disaster that may result in the loss of life, property, or business. Being prepared to react and respond to a natural disaster or emergency is in everyone's interest and that of their community. Emergency management distinguishes the two. Emergencies are " 'routine' adverse events that do not have communitywide impact or do not require extraordinary use of resources…to bring conditions back to normal….what constitutes a disaster depends on…the jurisdiction's size, its resource base, and its experience with a particular hazard….a precept of emergency management that each community establish distinct levels…that define the progression from an emergency to a disaster" (Drabek, xviii). Different disasters have different impacts upon people's responses to them. The "death and devastation of disaster represent the worst of human fears….many costs involved in the various stages of disaster response: the preparatory and preventative, counterdisaster, rescue…
Drabek, Thomas E. Emergency Management: Principles and Practice for Local Government. Washington, D.C.: International City Management Association. 1991.
Raphael, Beverly. When Disaster Strikes: How Individuals and Communities Cope with Catastrophe. New York: Basic Books, Inc. 1986.
Sylves, Richard T., and Waugh, William L., Jr. Disaster Management in the U.S. And Canada. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas, Publisher, Ltd. 1990.
"Community Emergency Response Team." Online Posting. 25 January 2002. http://www.fema.gov .
persecution of Christians that took place during the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries in England.
The religious persecution that was inflicted on Christians by the Church and State of England to extract compliance and adherence to the Church of England and the authority of the English Crown. There existed conflicts between the Protestant and Catholic Religions of the day and was a time of turmoil and upheaval for the people of England who did not hold the same religious beliefs as that of the Church and English Crown.
ackground and Historical Overview:
The Church of England was fully committed to the Roman Catholic Church that ruled from a position of supremacy and was backed up fully by King Henry VIII. During the year of 1530 the King who considered himself to be a "Defender of the Faith" issued as a proclamation that certain books and literature which was in conflict against…
Stephens, Leslie & Lee, Sidney, eds. "The Dictionary of National Biography" London Oxford University
Low, Sidney J. & Pulling, F.S. "The Dictionary of English History " Funk and Wagner. New York
New Standard Encyclopedia Ed. 6 Vol. 8, 1984 New Standard Publishing Co. New York.
Low, Sidney J. & Pulling, F.S. "The Dictionary of English History " Funk and Wagner New York
Living in 1400s
(Since I know not how to read and write, my master is completing this for me as I speak.)
It seemed like the sun rose earlier this morning. It came through the window of my thatched-roof house and awoke me and my animals who live in the back quarter. The winter is very cold for all my family in this small home, and we look forward to the spring time coming. My tunic and leggings do not but keep me warm. Before going to work for the day, I fed the animals and cleaned the hut. I would be too tired to do so upon my return tonight.
For myself, I ate my wheat meal bread and cheese as most people do here. I had water to drink. Yesterday, my mother ground and sifted the wheat and put it in a bread pan with warm water with…
It has also set off bombs in towns in the North of Ireland. The group is said to be the only military group in Ireland never to have yet killed or targeted a civilian. As of 2004, the CIRA is not believed to have an established presence or capability of launching attacks on the island of Great Britain. In 2004 the U.S. government believed the CIRA to consist of fewer than fifty fully active members. The U.S. government suspected the CIRA of receiving funds and arms from supporters in the United States. It is also believed that, in cooperation with the "Real" IRA, the CIRA may have acquired arms and material from the Balkans.
The Irish Republican Army first emerged as the army of the Irish Republic that had been declared at the Easter Rising of 1916 and affirmed by the irst Dail in January 1919. It was an amalgamation…
For a minority of nationalists, the home rule conceded was judged to be too little, too late. In the Easter Rising of 1916, these nationalists staged a rebellion against British rule in Dublin and in some other isolated areas. Weapons had been supplied by Germany, under the auspices of a leading human rights campaigner, Sir Roger Casement. However the plot had been discovered and the weapons were lost when the ship carrying them, the Aud, was scuttled rather than allow the arms to fall into British hands.
The rebellion was largely centered on Dublin. The leaders seized the Dublin General Post Office (GPO), raising a green flag bearing the legend "Irish Republic," and proclaiming independence for Ireland, though ironically some republicans in the GPO talked of making Prince Joachim of Prussia the King of Ireland if Germany won the First World War. Although many Irish people believe that the Rising and its leaders had public support, in reality there were calls for the execution of the ringleaders coming from the major Irish nationalist daily newspaper, the "Irish Independent" and local authorities. Dubliners not only cooperated with the British troops sent to quell the uprising, but undermined the Republicans as well. Many people spat and threw stones at them as they were marched towards the transport ships that would take them to the Welsh internment camps.
Public opinion gradually shifted, initially over the summary executions of 16 senior leaders, some of whom, such as James Connolly, were too ill to stand. Opinion shifted even more in favor of the Republicans in 1917-18 with the Conscription Crisis, when Britain tried to impose conscription on Ireland
Strategic and Entrepreneurial Thinking
If your company's product is personal computers: do you think it would make better strategic sense to employ a multi-country strategy or a global strategy? Why?
It would make more strategic sense to employ global strategy. In the case of personal computers, consistency is key to marketing a product and its derivative systems. People want to make sure they have the same reliability in their personal computing when they go from country to country in their business travels as they do at home. Greater standardization in computing makes it easier for countries and multinational business offices to connect with one another. Business and individual persons in the global marketplace and world are seeking to branch out, and a multi-country marketing strategy supports this. The more standardized the computing system can remain over the course of technical alterations the more likely a global company will 'keep' with…
The concept of dividing a mass market into homogeneous segments and targeting one or more with a distinct product offering and unique marketing communication is a fundamental precept of marketing theory. Market segmentation recognizes that different customer groups have different wants and needs that justify the development and offering of different products and services. The process of segmentation theoretically results in a much better understanding of users' needs, their decision criteria, and their approaches. Although much of the theory of market segmentation is appreciated and understood by sport marketers, it remains one of the more difficult marketing concepts to turn into profitable reality.
Consumer segmentation can help the sport marketer in the following areas. First, it allows an analysis of the marketplace, including a knowledge of competitors as well as how and why customers buy. Second, it can contribute to the strategic management of an organization in that it allows…
Wann, D.L., Hamlet, M.A., Wilson, T.M., & Hodges, J.A. (1995). Basking in reflected glory, cutting off reflected failure, and cutting off future failure: The importance of group identification. The Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 23, 377-388.
Zimbalist, A. (1992). Baseball and Billions. New York: Basic Books.
Smith & Walke
Both Smith and Walke who wite about the plight of black people and the feelings of inevitability and acism can invoke in Black people and in thei lives. A significant diffeence between the poem and the shot stoy is the geneation and age of the individuals. Wheeas Walke's shot stoy is concened with the acism and pain expeienced by an eldely Afican-Ameican woman in the post-civil ights ea, Smith is concened with a young woman in the same ea. The eldely woman is in ual county and the young woman, as evidenced by Smith's efeence to 'Motown' is in an uban setting. The disconnect both women feel fom both thei bodies and fom thei suoundings is the unifying thead that binds these two seemingly dispaate stoies. I am inteested in exploing the theme of alienation fom one's suoundings and fom one's body that lie at the heat…
references have left her feeling alien her own skin. Returning to the reference of the mirror in the poem, it is clear that the alienation is based on a belief that things should be otherwise and that the reflections failure to look like the acceptable image in the minds of the young women is seen as a betrayal. Whereas Walker's woman is triumphant in the end, even in death, Smith's woman, who may also be dead, is consumed by far more pedestrian matters of the heart.
In both pieces the very last image is one of death. Smith's death imagery manifests itself in the form of a male grabbing a woman and collapsing her into his fingers (Smith, line 20). On the other hand, the death of old woman in Walker's short story is far from metaphorical; her death is quite literal and very visceral. While there is room to interpret the story ending in the Smith poem as an ending which is related to heartbreak or the end of a relationship or the loss of a woman's identity in the context of the relationship, there is no alternative interpretation of the old woman's passing (Walker, 87). Her animation at getting to see Jesus even as she has been evicted from the lord's house as it would be called is metaphorical and literal at the same time. Her death, on the other hand, the one where there is a dead old woman's body on the side of the highway where she had been spotted walking is quite literal. In the end the similarities of both the authors and the characters outweigh the differences. Although, it must be said that one has a triumphant ending and the other one is darker.
Byrd, R.P. & Gates R., H. (2011) Jean Toomer's Conflicted Racial Identity. Chronicle of Higher Education, 57(23), B5-B8(3), pp. 31-46.
Macdonald, G. (2010) Scottish Extractions: Race and Racism in Devolutionary Fiction. Orbis Litteraium, 65(2), pp. 79-107.
here Are You Going, here Have Been?
Joyce Carol Oates's short story "here Are You Going, here Have You Been?" was first published in the literary journal Epoch in 1966. The story is about beginnings and the rites of passage. This work is an illustration of a coming of age story, also known as an initiation story. In such stories, the protagonist undergoes an important rite of passage, transformation, an experience of transition, usually from childhood to adulthood, or from innocence to experience. The story focuses on that turning point, that trial, or the passage from one state to the other.
The story is about a fifteen-year-old girl named Connie, a pretty girl who is in the middle of a rebellious adolescence. She alienates herself from her family, preferring to spend her time with her friends at the local restaurant looking for boys. She enjoys the popular music of the…
Dylan, Bob. "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue," "Blown' in the Wind," "A Hard Rain's A-Gonna Fall," "The Times They Are A-Changin'," "Like A Rolling Stone." Bob Dylan Lyrics. AZLyrics.com. (2011). 5 May 2011.
Marsden, Christina. "Where are You Going, Where Have You Been?": Seduction, Space, and a Fictional Mode." Studies in Short Fiction. Vol. 18, Issue 1 (Winter, 1981): p. 65-70. 5 May 2011. < http://web.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=6b438e44-0681-4cec-b6a8-42ed904fd4c0%40sessionmgr111&vid=4&hid=110>
Oates, Joyce Carol. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?" The Wheel of Love. New York: The Vannguard Press, Harcourt, Brace & World Inc., 1970.
Northern and Southern Colonies before the Civil War
In the middle of the 19th century, the industrial revolution that was growing depicted the presence of the two countries all of the most progressive independent states. The symbolic status in England laid the foundation of working class exploitation, urbanization and industrialization and the other one based on village, farmhouse, agriculture, and trustworthy relations between tenants and squires in 1845. egarding the census of the 1850, the population of the United States was about twenty-three million; this was a rise from thirteen million in the year 1830. As of 1850, the North saw increased populations of immigrants incoming. The census that was carried out in 1860 showed the population of the United States to be about thirty-one million. This represented a thirty-nine percent increase in a span of ten years where the South only had eighth million whites compared to twenty million…
Fitzhugh, George. Cannibals All! Or, Slaves Without Master. (Port Royal, Caroline, VA: 1857). A. Morris, Publisher, chapter 1, 1-4
Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs and Gjerde Jon "Commercial development and immigration in the North at midcentury" in Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs and Gjerde Jon. Major Problems in American History: To 1877. (Boston, Massachusetts: 2007). Houghton Mifflin Company, chapter 11, 304-334
Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs, and Gjerde Jon. "Agriculture and Slavery in the South at Midcetury" in Hoffman, Elizabeth Cobbs and Gjerde Jon. Major Problems in American History: To 1877. (Boston, Massachusetts: 2007). Houghton Mifflin Company, chapter 12, 335-360
McPherson James M. "The United States at Midcetury" in McPherson James M. Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. (Oxford: 1988). Oxford University Press, Chapter 1, 7-46
Palmetto Leaves and Egalitarianism
Harriet Beecher Stowe has a historical link to the politics of slavery. hrough her regionalist work Palmetto Leaves she gives an artful yet impassioned plea for the education and equality of freedmen.
In the work she examines life and state-building in Florida. Her personal style of describing events and purpose through the everyday events of her surroundings come out in the book. Stowe preaches an early minimalist ideal of taking personal and collective responsibility for ones life, surroundings and desires are also expressed.
Stowe foreshadows her topic of interest, the fair treatment of freed slaves, in the first chapter with her plea for the welfare of a desperate stray dog. Using the language of the Bill of Rights she expresses not knowing if the poor stray dog from the steamer wanders with, "...no rights to life, liberty or the pursuit of happiness." (Stowe, p. 10) With…
The things that Stowe leaves out are those more modern ideas of a true egalitarian state where these Negro men were not judged as if they were children just leaving preschool and setting out for the first time on their walk home, though a different tone would be hard to find in this time. To many people Stowe's attitude was progressive for even judging the men as human. Stowe's work fits into the time as continued segregation leaves blacks and whites, especially those who are wealthy enough to own winter homes separate from one another and very unlikely to learn any intimate details about the lives of the other.
Stowe, Harriet Beecher. Palmetto Leaves. Boston, James R. Osgood & Co. 1873. Florida
Heritage Collection. 02 May 2003. http://fulltext.fcla.edu/cgi/t/text/text-idx?c=fhp&idno=NF00000034&format=pdf .
The twentieth century had been tumultuous, particularly during the former half, the world witnessing two major world wars, many revolutions and nationalist struggles, each holding a significant bearing on the other. The major events being discussed are -- Chinese Revolution, Russian Revolution, India's independence, World War I and Treaty of Versailles and World War II. Though the events do not chronologically fall in order, each spanning over a few too many years, the developments and undercurrents of one has greatly influenced the other.
Revolution in China began in 1911 with the National Party of China -- Kuo Min Tang -- playing the major role initially. The prime motive of Revolution was to solve the political and economic problems that plagued the Chinese society during the turn of the century --feudalism and semi-feudal patterns of relations in agricultural production, introducing agrarian reforms with modern methods of production,…
Brian McArthur, Penguin Book of Twentieth Century Speeches (London: Penguin Viking, 1992), pp. 234-237.
Roberts, J.M. The Penguin History of the World, The Penguin. Third Edition Helicon Publishing, 1992
Kevin Reilly, Worlds of History: A Comparative Reader: Since 1400, Bedford/St. Martin's; (February 2000)
Mao Tse-Tung, Selected Works of Mao Tse-Tung: Vol. I, From: Be Concerned with the Well-Being of the Masses, Pay Attention to Methods of Work --The Concluding speech made by Comrade Mao Tse-tung at the Second National Congress of Workers' and Peasants' Representatives held in Juichin, Kiangsi Province in January 1934. Available at http://www.maoism.org/msw/vol1/mswv1_idx.htm. Accessed on 18.7.2003
JAMES LLOYD CA
James Lloyd Carr's 'A month in the country' is a surprisingly refreshing tale of a young shock shelled war veteran who arrives in Yorkshire village of Oxgodby to restore a medieval mural in the local church. The 14th century mural was hidden beneath layers of paint and is used to symbolize the hidden real self of the protagonist. Everything is told from the viewpoint of the narrator, Tom Birkin, who comes to this small countryside after he has been through horrible experiences i.e. war and a broken marriage. His soul is severely scarred and there appears to be no way out of the horrible psychological condition that he has developed after the war. Coming to the countryside is part of the healing process that the narrator undergoes and finally finds peace with himself and the reality of his situation.
In the introduction to the book, Michael…
1) J.L. Carr, A Month in the Country: New York Review Books (September 2000)
Hawaiian and Sandwich Islands
The history of the Hawaiian and Sandwich Islands during the 18th century is as colorful and unique as the flowers that are grown in the region. On December 23, 1826, a treaty between the United States of America and the King of the Sandwich Islands was signed at Honolulu and entered into force. The people who inhabited the islands, took their livelihood out of the ocean waters, and thrived upon their religion and customs continue to romance and mystify the people of today's hurried society. This paper will discuss the people, region, homes, culture, religion and images that make up the interesting historical account of the Hawaiian and Sandwich Islands.
The Polynesians were the first people to live in what is now Hawaii. These people lived off of the sea, and sailed the Pacific Ocean in giant canoes. They arrived in the Hawaiian chain from…
Campbell, I.C. "Cook, James." World Book Online Reference Center. 2004. World Book, Inc. 15 Apr. 2004. http://www.worldbookonline.com/wb/Article?id=ar132180 .
Goldberg, Jake. Hawaii. New York: Marshall Cavendish. 1998.
Kame'eleihiwa, Lilikala. Hawaiian Mythology. University of Hawaii. 15 Apr 2004. http://www.pbs.org/holomaipele/myth1.html#time
Westervelt, William. Hawaiian Historical Legends.
As an experienced catering manager and self-proclaimed 'foodie', I am pleased to say that some of my most rewarding and fulfilling moments have involved creating, delivering, and even eating foods of all varieties. My passion for this subject started relatively young when, as a child, I would always look forward to the weekend breakfast of hotcakes, waffles, bacon, sausage and eggs my mother used to whip up for my sister and me. Before long I was following behind her in the kitchen and, when I got old enough to be left at home by myself, delighted in hours and hours of cooking. Most people get their first car when they turn 16; I got my first cookbook.
As a homebody I have always enjoyed preparing various dishes for my family and friends, so it was only natural that I turn this pursuit (or talent, as my father likes…
Screening of an Adolescent or Young Adult Client
Save this form on your computer as a Microsoft Word document. You can expand or shrink each area as you need to include the relevant data for your client.
Patient/Client Initials: CLW
Phone No: [HIDDEN]
123 Anywhere Lane, Some Town, Some State 00000
Birth Date: 03 -09-90
Birthplace: Some State
Marital Status: n/a
Race/Ethnic Origin: African America
Financial Status: This patient is from a low-income family whose father is deceased and mother is disabled receiving only minimal income. The family receives food stamps and has Medicaid benefits.
Source and Reliability of Informant: The 14-year-old female is accompanied by her aunt who is a credible source of information.
Past Use of Health Care System and Health Seeking Behaviors: The child has not been seen regularly by a pediatrician during her childhood. Vaccinations are not…
New Identity through Healing in Nelson's I'll Give You the Sun: A Feminist Critique
I'll Give You the Sun is a Michael L. Printz Award-winning young adult novel by Jandy Nelson that examines the complexities of coming of age, dealing with grief and loss, burgeoning sexuality, and healing. It gives a dual-gender perspective -- that of fraternal twins Noah and Jude, and from a feminist critique it offers an example of how the oppressions of patriarchal society are overturned by the subversion of the male status quo and the valorization of the oppressed (in this case, the valorization of the homosexual Noah and the female Jude). Throughout the narrative, the growing pains, experience of loss, and the concomitant healing process is given breadth through application of the feminist critique, which provides the framework for how Jude overcomes her initial negative sexual experience at a young age to grow into a…
Chopin, Kate. The Awakening. Chicago: Herbert Stone, 1899. Print.
Crawford, Suzanne Mills. "Liars, Lovers, And Thieves: Being Adolescent Readers And Writers In Young Adult Literature And Life." Dissertation Abstracts International 74.7 (2014): MLA International Bibliography. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
Jeffries, Jeannine L. "The Image Of The Artist: A Content Analysis Of Authenticity,
Ethnicity, And Quality In Young Adult Novels." Dissertation Abstracts International 74.5 (2013): MLA International Bibliography. Web. 21 Oct. 2015.
Community Treasure Hunt: Pleasant Grove, Texas
In Pleasant Gove news coverage has stopped depicting violent crimes in its articles because it's old news. People die here every day, it's nothin'.
Pleasant Grove, Texas resident c. 2015
I was born and raised here and have traveled the world, but I could never imagine any place lovelier to call home.
Norma Davis, Chair, Pleasant Grove Historical Society, 2015
Introduction, Demographic Information, and Community Immersion (suggested length: 3 pages)
There are a number of ways to conceptualize a community, with its geographic boundaries being among the most straightforward (Knowing your community). The geographic boundaries of Pleasant Grove, located in the southeast section of the Dallas, are shown in Figure 1 below.
Figure 1. Location of Pleasant Grove
Geographic boundaries alone, however, reveal little about the people that comprise a community and this is certainly the case with the working-class community of…
Davis, N. (2017, April 5). The Pleasant Grove Historical Society. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.com/groups/156970454468433/ .
Davis, N. (2015, June 25). Why I love Pleasant Grove. D Magazine. Retrieved from https://www.dmagazine.com/neighborhood-guides/2015/06/why-i-love-pleasant-grove/ .
Hallman, T. & Martin, N. (2015, March). Fear, fights, crime thrive at Pleasant Grove intersection. The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved from https://www.dallasnews.com/news/crime/2015/03/01/fear-fights-crime-thrive-at-pleasant-grove-intersection .
Humphrey, J. P. (2017, May 28). The Pleasant Grove Historical Society. Retrieved from
Othello" by William Shakespeare, "Oedipus the King" translated by Robert Fagles, and Girl by Jamaica Kincaid. These are dense and rich pieces of writing that have stood the test of time. These works continue to influence and offer insight in the modern moment. These plays and this novel are filled with many themes, motifs, symbols, and other literary techniques. The paper will primarily focus upon themes of jealousy and betrayal, gender and power, vision, and at the heart of it all, fear. The paper will limit the scope of the comparison to the aforementioned themes and mostly primary characters within each. What do these literary texts have in common and what do they teach readers about the human condition?
Jealousy and betrayal are rampant in "Othello." Iago is very jealous of Othello and betrays his trust. He convinces Othello that Desdemona, Othello's fiancee, conducts romantic affairs outside of their relationship.…
It was tough the first year of being in business for himself.
Although his mother was unsupportive of his decision to be a designer, David persisted through the lean times. One day, he spotted an ad for the Elle New Talent Competition. He started to apply, and then realized that he needed to submit full storyboards and materials overnight. Like a scene from Project Runway, David pulled an all-nighter and made it happen. Three days later, he was in the top twelve. Three months later, he was in the finalists, and then…he won.
Winning the Elle New Talent Competition launched David's career in earnest, but it did not mean instant success. He still had no full-time, dependable clients. As he considered returning to teaching, David had a lucky break. The House of Montiac called him to work in Cape Town. Rather than leave his budding business in Johannesburg,…