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Background of the organization including its primary products and services, location, and history
How each of the technologies is used
Advantages of using each of the technology
Ease of signal transmission
Degree of security protection
Current availability of technology
Summary of the main points of the entire paper
Wireless technology is nowadays used to solve business problems. In fact, business people use it for competitive advantage purposes over their competitors. HP solutions offer wireless technology that is capable of making remote or mobile workers use information and business applications from any destination. This technology has enabled mobile professionals to be productive and better satisfy their customers (Hewlett-Packard, 2006). This often results into generation of more sales.
Use of wireless Local Area Network, LAN, brings more flexibility with regard to configuring an office. This improves productivity. It also makes office workers collaborate. This gives HP some competitive edge over…
Hewlett-Packard. (2004). Bluetooth wireless Technology basics. Retrieved June 30, 2012 from http://h10032.www1.hp.com/ctg/Manual/c00186949.pdf
Hewlett-Packard. (2006). Wireless Technology. Retrieved June 30, 2012 from
United States Securities and Exchange Commission. (2010). Hewlett-Packard Company.
These aspects should be considered while designing and implementing a network to gain maximum efficiency. (Trulove, 19-20)
The standard that defines the application of a WLAN is IEEE 802.11 WLAN standard. Though this is the basic standard amended ones define the additional prescriptions added to it like 802.11a or 802.11b. The capacity of a WLAN is defined by its basic compatibility. WLAN of the latest version comes with an 11 Mbps capacity which also means it adheres to the latest version 802.11b which defines the amount of information the network can contain and transmit. Full throughput of 11 Mbps cannot be achieved though the throughput is limited to 4.5 to 6 Mbps at maximum level which can be compared to 10 Mbps in a wired LAN connected through Ethernet. A WLAN kit is the best solution for easy installation in homes and offices. It has one or more W-NIC with…
Bedell, Paul. 2005. Wireless Crash Course.
Mc-Graw Hill Professional.
Kumar, Sarvana. R; Parameswaran, R; Jayalakshmi. T. A Textbook of Information Technology.
S. Chand & Company. 2003.
Wireless Technology Is Difficult to Connect
To Other Parts of Information Systems
There are many challenging aspects to even the most fundamental system and process integration tasks within organizations that have standardized on a common platform. When platforms vary significantly by protocol and by technologies, as TCP/IP-based networks often do across any organization, integration becomes even more difficult. When the strategies and processes that organizations rely on to attain objectives are included in the analysis, the challenges become even greater. Because of the multiplicity of these factors, it is very difficult to connect the many forms of wireless technologies into legacy, third-party and enterprise-wide systems within an organization.
Lack of Integration at the Protocol Structural Level
At the most fundamental level of integration wireless networks often support a varying standard to the Carrier Sense Multiple Access, Collision Detection (CSMA/CD) based protocols that full category-5 cabled networks do, in addition to…
Adams, C., & Dimitriou, A.. (2008). A Two-Phase Authentication Protocol Using the Cell Phone as a Token. Journal of Information Privacy & Security, 4(2), 23-39.
Nancy Alonistioti, Eleni Patouni, Vangelis Gazis. (2006). Generic Architecture and Mechanisms for Protocol Reconfiguration. Mobile Networks and Applications, 11(6), 917-934.
Macedo, D., dos Santos, A., Correia, L., Nogueira, J., & Pujolle, G.. (2010). Transmission power and data rate aware routing on wireless networks. Computer Networks, 54(17), 2979.
Bruce Potter. (2007). Mobile security risks: ever evolving. Network Security, 2007(8), 19-20.
Wireless Broadband Technology
Overview of Wireless technology
Presently it is quite evident to come across functioning of a sort of wireless technology in the form of mobile phone, a Palm pilot, a smart phone etc. With the inception of fast connectivity in the sphere of commerce it is customary and useful to operate from central locations communicating with the remote branches, conducting conferences in remote places, discussing with every body at every moment as per need, and stay connected to the headquarters through out. There is an incessant demand to cater to such needs. The wireless technology is becoming significant in making available instant reach ability to the network and connectivity to all within the vicinity. In the educational field the general classroom, conference halls, lecture halls, hallways are required by the staff, faculty and students to be connected securely to the network. (Overview of Wireless Technologies)
This signifies the…
Andersen, Espen (February, 2003) "Technology and Self-Organizing Systems"
Retrieved at http://www.masternewmedia.org/2003/03/01/the_future_of_wireless_technology.htm . Accessed on 11 September, 2004
An Overview of Cellular Technology" Retrieved at http://www.keralaeducation.com/html/CellularTechnology.htm. Accessed on 11 September, 2004
Are Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs) accessible?" Retrieved at http://www.washington.edu/accessit/articles?62Accessed on 11 September, 2004
(Gutierrez, Jose a; Callaway, 7)
Another benefit of WSN is the minimum damage or repair. A wiring may be lost or disconnected or might break due to various reasons. This is called last meter connectivity problem. Such problems are reduced by WSN. In a WAN, it is usually called the last mile connectivity problem. Finally, WSN enables collection of recurring information from a manufacturing environment to upgrade the quality of work. Deployment of cabled sensors in a manufacturing environment will lead to various barriers and would include huge costs. WSN is an adaptable method of connecting sensors. WSN registers various matters in an environment like security details, verification, radio frequency broadcast, fixing of an antenna, etc. A movable WSN has an edge over a fixed one, though the movement of WSN equipment does not arise. But this is helpful in the case of fixing a fast track network. Cabled and…
Barber, Brian; Cross, Michael; Craft, Melissa. MCSE Designing a Windows Server 2003 Active
Directory and Network... Syngress. 2003.
Cohen, Eli. ed. Teaching Mobile Communication in an E-Learning Environment, in Information and Beyond: Part I. Issues in Informing Science and Information Technology. 2007.
Gilb, James P.K. Wireless Multimedia: A Guide to the IEEE 802.15.3 Standard. IEEE Standards
The value proposition intends that device, wireless network, and content and services are in a combination. This means that mobile Internet devices will not be able to define applications or that internet content and services cannot define devices. In place of that the design of devices, content, services and networks should have respect for the each others capabilities and the value of each need to be given due consideration. It is all about convergence - and convergence intends sharing of value. It does not mean attempting to steal or to control it. The value chain of the new world would be wherein content and Internet connectivity will follow through a spectrum of devices and services. Along with changes in end-user needs, there would be an implied change in the needs of the devices. This is one of the various reasons why all in one device are unlikely. Promoting a satisfactory…
Future Wireless Internet Devices will not mimic mobile Phones, according to New Shosteck Study on Wireless Internet Devices. Retrieved at http://www.shosteck.com/news/devicespr.htm. Accessed on 17 March, 2005
Get Wireless Business Internet Services for your office today! Retrieved at http://www.ansotech.com/wireless_internet_business.htm. Accessed on 16 March, 2005
Lehr, William; Mc Knight, Lee. W. Wireless Internet Access: 3G vs. WiFi. August 23, 2002. Retrieved at http://itc.mit.edu/itel/docs/2002/LehrMcKnight_WiFi_vs_3G.pdf. Accessed on 17 March, 2005
Thank You, Hedy Lamarr. Retrieved at http://isp-planet.com/fixed_wireless/business/2002/history_bol.html. Accessed on 17 March, 2005
ireless Network Implementation
ireless business networks allow multiple computers to share files, software applications, printers, and a single, high speed Internet connection. Several versions of wireless systems have developed since 1998, each still useful, depending on the nature of the business and its practical requirements. Home computer users embraced wireless technology from its inception, but business users have only recently begun incorporating wireless networking recently, owing to system and information security concerns.(O'Reilly)
hereas traditional (cabled) configurations transfer data at a rate of 100mb/sec, wireless capability generally ranges (realistically) between 5-6mb/sec and 54mb/sec. The very latest incarnation of cabled networks ("gigabyte networking") offers a 1000mb/sec rating compared to about 108mb/sec rating of the corresponding wireless "triband" systems just introduced to market within the last few months.(Briere)
Initial site surveys of this facility suggest that careful consideration is in order with respect to a tradeoff between signal strength and frequency owing to…
1. Brandt, A. Full-featured 802.11b access point has serious business appeal.
PC World magazine (8/2003) Accessed at:
2. Briere, D. Wireless Networking for Dummies (2003) Wiley
The second stage of the process will involve developing the stratospheric platforms that can be used in routing electric power from the power plants that will be established to the source areas scattered all over the world.
The last stage will involve the full utilization of the space power technology where clean and efficient space power will effectively be used to light and power the world. While many of these ideas might seem years from full implementation, it is imperative to stress that the major step in the whole process has actually been undertaken and the present research is only focused on modifications and limiting wastage. Without doubt, the development of wireless solar power will greatly reduce the reliance on fossil fuels that is presently realized in the world.
The use and development of wireless power transmission transcends all facets of modern life. It will be applied in the low…
Adamson, C. (2001). High voltage direct current power transmission ([1st ed.). London: Garraway.
Aldrich, L.J. (2005). Nikola Tesla and the taming of electricity. Greensboro, N.C: Morgan Reynolds Pub.
Dan, V. Smart meters raise suspicions.
GoAnen, T. (1999). Electric power transmission system engineering: analysis and design. New York: J. Wiley.
So as to receive the infrared signals, the receivers can be placed at any location within the office space.
The spread spectrum WLANs
This system makes use of multiple-cell configuration. This is to say that each of the cells in the arrangement is assigned a certain center frequency that is unique and that lies within a chosen band as to eliminate chances of signal interference. The system employs frequency hopping and direct sequence modulation methods. In the frequency hopping technique, the signals "jump" from one frequency to the next within a given bandwidth. The "listening" to the signal is then carried out by the transmission unit and should a successful detection of idle time occur, then it appropriately transmits the given data packet through the full channel bandwidth.
Direct Sequence Modulation
In this method, a wider band of frequency and Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) technology are used. The signal…
Agilent Technologies (2009). Increase Data Acquisition using Wireless LAN
Belkin (2002).WirelessNetwork Acess Point user manual.
Wireless Local Area Network
The advent of networking more particularly the Local Area Network has its origin to the growing necessity of the user to have access and share much more data, application and other services than they could otherwise store by themselves in their own computer. Each LAN has to follow a particular topology which depicts physical arrangement of the nodes and logical method by which the data is transferred. Initially, the LAN implied to wired topology i.e. interconnection of the nodes in a particular location by means of cable network. Within the LAN there also exist a group of mobile users who desires to be connected irrespective of their positions. Moreover with the advent of small mobile/home office, the limitation of area becomes irritating to the users. The solution becomes Wireless LAN. It enables the computers of local area network to access data or other information without using…
1. Prem, Edward C. "Wireless Local Area Network" Retrieved at http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu / Accessed on 04/01/2004
2. Wireless local area networking an introduction http://www.tomsnetworking.com/network/20010822/wlan-01.html Accessed on 04/01/2004
3. What wireless is / is not retrieved at http://bits.eller.arizona.edu/services/resources/WLAN / whatiswireless. Aspx Accessed on 04/01/2004
The most important one that stands out is the security issue.
Today's global business environment is characterized not only by its increased mobility and the need to be able to quickly react to all stimuli on the market (all these issues that encourage the use of a wireless network), but also by the value of information.
Information is, according to many, the most important and valuable asset a company can possess.
The problem with a wireless network is that it diminishes security and, in an era where information is essential, this can lead to security glitches that might damage information control in the organization and might lead to information leaks to the outside. If security becomes the primary objectives to be reached, then firewalls and other security elements need to be installed, which technically will tend to reduce speed. If the speed of access to the network is significantly reduced,…
1. Advantages of Wireless Networking. On the Internet at http://www.cisilion.com/wireless_advantages.htm.last retrieved on November 14, 2006
2. Yudkowsk, Chaim. Wireless networks offer many advantages. Business First of Louisville. September 2002. On the Internet at http://www.bizjournals.com/louisville/stories/2002/09/16/smallb2.html?page=3.Last retrieved on November 14, 2006
Advantages of Wireless Networking. On the Internet at
Modern homes are already providing their inhabitants with the technology that will be present in most houses in a few years. People are presently able to control mostly everything about their home through using wireless technology. ith customers expressing an increasing hunger in data, wireless carriers do their best to satisfy the needs of these people. Companies providing wireless are currently investing in wireless equipment because analysts anticipate that it is going to be one of the most important technologies fueling the comfort of society in the future. ireless technology is most certainly one of the best business opportunities that one can invest in, especially given that science produces a rising number of devices that can be operated wirelessly.
Although wireless technology is recognized for the fact that it makes networking more comfortable, the "wire vs. wireless" dilemma mainly depends on whether the person having this difficulty wants faster networking.…
Cheredar, Tom. "Wireless carriers say the future looks "pretty good," Retrieved September 23, 2011, from the Venture Beat Website: http://venturebeat.com/2011/03/22/wireless-carriers-ctia/
Henry, Davis. "The Future of Your Wireless Home Network," Retrieved September 23, 2011, from the Mashable Social Media Website: http://mashable.com/2011/02/23/future-home-networking-tips/
Rodgers, Joanne. "Wired vs. Wireless: Sometimes There's No Substitute for a Cable," Retrieved September 23, 2011, from the OSNews Website: http://www.osnews.com/story/19748/Wired_vs_Wireless:_Sometimes_Theres_No_Substitute_for_a_Cable
Wireless technologies or Internet are used to develop a network through transmission of radio-frequency signals between computers for information sharing. Since these technologies do not use wires/cables, the broadcast of information within the network is primarily based on radio signals. Wireless technologies have developed to become very popular across every facet of society because they have revolutionized communication. These technologies basically emanated and were developed in the computer networking technologies field. In order to enhance competitiveness in computer networking, there are various types of wireless technologies that are currently in use. The two major wireless technologies that could be suitable for Party Plates organization include
Wi-Fi technology that is also known as Wireless Fidelity is one of the major wireless networks that could be beneficial to Party Plates organization and is based on IEEE 802.11 stipulations for Wireless Local Area Networks (WLAN). This type of wireless technology is…
Cleveland, F. (2007, May 18). Use of the New Types of Wireless Technologies for Distribution
and Substation Automation. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from http://xanthus-consulting.com/Publications/Wireless_in_DA_%26_SA.pdf
"Types of Wireless Technology -- Wireless Technology Types." (n.d.). Wi-Fi Notes. Retrieved March 23, 2012, from http://www.wifinotes.com/types-of-wireless-technology.html
Though the technology in itself is not new (been used for more than two decades in military radar operations) only recently it has begun to be tested for business communications. Researchers point out UW is at least 1000 times faster than currently used 802.11b or bluetooth technologies and hence could constitute an excellent alternative choice of protocol for local area networks, increasing their ability to cater to many more users at high bandwidth speeds and at considerably lower costs. As Mr. Frank Dzubeck, president of Washington based 'Communications Network Architects' says, '"The initial approval from the FCC might be, for example, for 100M bit/sec with a range of 150 feet. ut there's no reason why you can't increase speed and distance. it's a matter of power and finer granularity of the silicon chips." [John Cox] One interesting feature of UW is that it operates in the same frequency as the…
1) John Cox, 'Ultra Fast Wireless Technology Set to Lift Off', Accessed April 24th 2008, available at http://www.networkworld.com/news/2001/0827specialfocus.html
2) Antone Gonsalves, 'Aussie Researchers Build GiFI, a Tiny Chip with Big Wireless Capabilities', Available at, Accessed April 25th 2008
3) University of Denver, 'The Future of Bluetooth', Accessed April 25th 2008, available at http://mysite.du.edu/~ccfergus/bluetoothweb/future.htm
Adjustment to merger with Nextel
Adjustment to merger with Sprint
3.4 of 5, 24/7
2.9 of 5, 24/7
2.8 of 5, differs
2.4, 7 AM to 1 AM
2.3 of 5, 24/7
2.9 of 5, 24/7
Nationwide, weaker than Verizon and Sprint
Nationwide, but poorer than Verizon's
Mobile Broadband, CDMA
T-Mobile Broadband, GSM
PCS-1900 CDMA, CDMA2000
iDEN - TDMA-based technology
Good, but significantly inferior to Verizon
Average, but growing
$30 to $229
$1.99 per Mb
$39 to $59 per month
$30 per month per 20Mb
$60 per month per 5Gb
$14.99 per month for Nextel Online…
Cell Phones and Services, Consumer Reports, http://www.consumerreports.org/cro/electronics-computers/phones-mobile-devices/cell-phones-services/cell-phone-service-guide/guide-to-cell-phone-carriers/carriers.htm last accessed on June 1, 2009
Cell Phone Service Providers, Phone Dog, http://www.phonedog.com/cell-phone-research/companies/default.aspx last accessed on June 1, 2009
Cell Phone Providers. Who Really has the Best Coverage, YELD, http://www.yelp.com/topic/chicago-cell-phone-providers-who-really-has-the-best-coverage last accessed on June 1, 2009
The wireless application models closely follow the internet model. "WAP specifies two essential elements of wireless communication: an end-to-end application protocol and an application environment based on a browser. The application protocol is a layered communication protocol that is embedded in each WAP user agent. The network side includes a server component implementing the other end of the protocol that is capable of communicating with any WAP user agents. The role of the server component is also to act as a gateway to route the request of a user agent to an application server." (Paukkunen, 1999) the server builds a bridge between the networks. This standard defines a browser, and an interpreter. It understands the WML Script. The WML or wireless mark up language is designed to be used in the wireless network and most protocols use the WML scripting procedures. (Paukkunen, 1999)
Wireless band use for communication has…
Andress, Amanda. (2003) "Surviving Security: How to Integrate People, Process, and Technology" Auerbach Publications. Boca Raton, FL.
Gast, Matthew. (2005) "802.11 Wireless Networks: The Definitive Guide"
International Engineering Consortium. (n. d.) "Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)"
Wireless Options for the Production Building
Lake View Chemicals has made the decision to implement a new wireless networking option for their production building. The requirement to move between different locations within their building to utilize more versatile portable computers as opposed to being mired at fixed workstations is the main objective. As an IT consultant for Aspen IT Services, I feel that as Lake View Chemicals explores the use of wireless networking because of their need for staff members in the production building to be mobile, certain requirements must be met. This short report aims to meet that need but it also explains some concerns. An assessment of what the company does is essential to create a viable recommendation.
The company produces chemicals for both industrial and pharmaceutical companies. Their campus consists of three buildings, an administration building (management, financial, and sales), a research building (contains laboratories, scientists,…
Dekker, Marcel. (2009). Security of the Internet. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www.cert.org/encyc_article/tocencyc.html#Overview
Gast, Matthew. (2009). Wireless LAN Security: A Short History. Retrieved November 10, 2009, from http://www.oreillynet.com/pub/a/wireless/2002/04/19/security.html
technological trends of wireless communication, industry status, and job value it offers in the professional workforce.
Wireless technology provides a real-time solution to the mobility of communication protocols such as voice and data exchange/transfer. This was made possible with the utilization of devices like smart phones and computer networks that employ the technology of transfer via satellite or via technological innovations such as the luetooth, Wi-Fi, WAP, and Wireless-Internet-On-A-Chip. Hence, wireless technology brought the advent of state-of-the-art wireless communication.
Wireless communication allows communication anytime, anywhere, and in cases nowadays, in many modes. efore, the most advanced form of communication perhaps was the telephone, whereby two persons from different locations are able to communicate real-time. Soon after, computers with network connections, such as the Internet, became the mode of communication, characterized by efficiency offering cheap cost of communication. And as technology continuously advances, along with the increasing distribution of information, more…
Press Release. (2003). Hewlet Packard. Retrieved 17 April 2003.
Web site: http://www.hp.com/hpinfo/newsroom/press/2003/030127d.html
Security Issues: 802.11i. Retrieved 18 April 2003.
Web site: http://bear.cba.ufl.edu/teets/projects/ISM6222S303/sklarmd/sixthpage.html
Wireless Local Area Networks
The establishment of home and business networks desirous of upgrading to Wireless Local Area Network- WLAN confront with the problems of choosing from available alternatives. The vendors offer several products for sale that hovers around different wireless standards like 802.11a, 802.11b, 802.11g and Bluetooth. During the year 1997, the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers -- IEEE developed the first WLAN standard. They termed it 802.11 in line with the name given to the group appointed for supervising its development. However, to our misfortune the 802.11 could support only a maximum bandwidth of 2 Mbps -- too slow for most applications. Due to these ordinary 802.11 wireless products could not be manufactured further. (802.11 Standards - 802.11b 802.11a 802.11g: Which one is right for You?)
The IEEE standard is an extension of the original 802.11 standard devised during July, 1999 generating 802.11b specification. While 802.11b was…
Configuring Windows XP IEEE 802.11 Wireless Networks for the Home and Small Business. August 4, 2004. Retrieved from http://www.microsoft.com/technet/prodtechnol/winxppro/maintain/wifisoho.mspx Accessed on 18 April, 2005
Griffith, Eric. 802.11g Approved by IEEE Working Group. Retrieved from http://www.wi-fiplanet.com/news/article.php/1584761 Accessed on 18 April, 2005
802.11 Standards - 802.11b 802.11a 802.11g: Which one is right for You? Retrieved from http://compnetworking.about.com/cs/wireless80211/a/aa80211standard.htm Accessed on 18 April, 2005
The 802.11g standard -- IEEE. 01 Mar 2003. Retrieved from http://www-106.ibm.com/developerworks/wireless/library/wi-ieee.html
Great sums of
money are being invested to further enhance product differentiation. The
presence of highly enforced industry standards provides assurance that the
future will continue to be consumer-friendly. It is the end user community
that truly drives advancement. They provide the vast sums of revenue that
the manufacturers seek. In the final analysis, though, innovations such as
PANs must be viewed as interim technology that represents a stepping-stone
on the way to ubiquitous computing where computers simply disappear and
become integrated into all aspects of daily life.
Gerwig, Kate. (2007, December 3). "IP router/switch sales may reach all-
time high in 2007." SearchTelecom 03 Dec 2007. [Online]. Available:
McMillan, Robert. (2008, January 4). "A i-Fi virus Outbreak? Researchers
say it's possible." Network orld IDG News Service. [Online]. Available:
Mitchell, Bradley. (2007). "The MAC Address; An Introduction to MAC
Gerwig, Kate. (2007, December 3). "IP router/switch sales may reach all-
time high in 2007." SearchTelecom 03 Dec 2007. [Online]. Available:
McMillan, Robert. (2008, January 4). "A Wi-Fi virus Outbreak? Researchers
say it's possible." Network World IDG News Service. [Online]. Available:
According to an online review,
Sprint PCS Vision is probably the best wireless web service around. It offers very reliable Internet at efficient speeds for a very low price. You have unlimited data transfers so don't fear any unexpected charges. Whether you use a Sprint cell phone, Sprint handheld, or a laptop, then you can take advantage of the web from almost anywhere with Sprint PCS Vision.
The success of Wireless Internet may depend on the following 3 major factors.
Wireless Internet Security
Continuous Network Availability
Wireless Internet Providers
Perhaps, the main objective in the emergence of Wireless Internet network is to make information instant and quickly available. Thus, two of the success factors that many finds are the ability of the Wireless Internet to be available anytime, as well as the capacity of the Wireless Internet providers to make this happen. Aside from this, when information is…
Development Potential of Wireless Internet Technology. http://www.schoolnetafrica.net/index.php?id=215
Sprint Broadband. http://www.epinions.com/content_125167046276
LAN Technologies -- Question One
The author of this exam is asked to answer to the purpose and value of LAN technologies. Of course, LAN is short for local area networks. They do indeed serve a good purpose and this will be explained in the following section. While LAN's are not all there is to networking, it is surely a big piece of the puzzle (Webopedia, 2015).
As noted before, a LAN is short for Local Area Network and it is basically the most localized and smallest form of network. Technically, two computers and a printer on a hub is a network. Local Area Networks are usually at least somewhat bigger than that but they are almost always fairly localized in nature. They will almost always be enclosed in a single room, area of a floor, floor of a building or a wider building. Even very small networks can be…
Ewalt, D. (2015). The Pros And Cons Of Wireless Connectivity - InformationWeek.
InformationWeek. Retrieved 2 June 2015, from http://www.informationweek.com/the-pros-and-cons-of-wireless-connectivity/d/d -
Webopedia. (2015). What is Local-Area Network (LAN)? Webopedia. Webopedia.com.
"They are adding 1 million new users a day."
Impact on cultures
One of the Chinese cultures that are affected by the wireless technology is the Cash Culture. Paying in cash has been a practice to most Chinese. Credit and debit cards are not in the trend of the Chinese culture. However, with the revolution of the wireless technology, cash would seem to be a little out of the way of how the technology will be utilized. This is because part of a type of a mobile service uses prepaid methods. Tom York, in his article China's Exploding Wireless Industry, mentions the following.
Payments for small purchases can be billed along with the monthly wireless bill, the method now used to bill for third-party purchases and services.
ut that system probably won't work on a large scale need to support a mobile economy," says Chen. He also notes that more…
Intel Working to Advance Use of Wireless Technology in China.
Retrieved on February 11, 2005 from Intel Online. Web site: http://www.intel.com/pressroom/archive/releases/20040609corp.htm
York, T. China's Exploding Wireless Industry.
Retrieved on February 11, 2005 from Hpbazaar Online.
Increasingly, those who pay for wireless service intentionally keep their networks open as a way to protest what they consider to be exorbitant fees charged by service providers (Marriott, 2006).
Those against piggybacking say this practice does have a cost for those paying for wireless services because their broadband connections are slowed down by additional piggybacker traffic, sometimes so much so that the access becomes unusable. Others argue that taking or borrowing without permission is unethical and that lack of security to not justify unauthorized access. Anti-piggybackers want laws to be introduced to prevent piggybacking just like unauthorized access to other types of property (Ethical dilemmas of unsecured wireless networks).
Some local governments agree with sentiments against piggybacking and are enacting laws to stop it. For instance, the local government in Westchester County, N.Y. enacted a county-wide law requiring all commercial businesses to secure their wireless LAN access and to…
Ethical dilemmas of unsecured networks. http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:4n6xx5jhPTwJ:www.csd.abdn.ac.uk/~fguerin/teaching/CS5038/assessment/essays_from_2006/groupK/WiFi%2520Essay.doc+%22open+networks%22+ethics&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=24
Issues with wireless networking at CWRU. (2001, February 14). http://tiswww.case.edu/net/engr/wireless/issues.html
Local govts. target Wi-Fi piggybacking (2007, January 9). ZDNet Government. http://government.zdnet.com/?p=2828
Marriott, M. (2006, March 5). Hey neighbor, stop piggybacking on my wireless. The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/03/05/technology/05wireless.html?pagewanted=1&ei=5089&en=de3c127408552e0a&ex=1299214800
Yet the aspect of collaborative applications is more than just social networks, it also encompasses the development of entire networks within companies for specific long-range projects, including new product development (O'eilly, 2006). Wireless providers then are being forced to create more of a portal-based approach to their wireless applications and mobility solutions, as Nokia has continually attempted unsuccessfully to do over the last decade, and as others including Ericcson also are trying. Wireless providers are overdue for an industry shakeout where consolidation forces the structure of entirely new platforms of collaboration over time. There is also the need to underwrite these platforms through the sales of products and services. The Apple iTunes store is held up as the model of what wireless and mobility providers need to strive for in terms of their efforts to create more meaningful online experiences for their customers, yet the challenge is one of emulating…
Anastasi,, Ancillotti,, Conti,, & Passarella, . (2009). Design and Performance Evaluation of a Transport Protocol for Ad hoc Networks. The Computer Journal, 52(2), 186-209.
Bernoff, J., & Li, C.. (2008). Harnessing the Power of the Oh-So-Social Web. MIT Sloan Management Review, 49(3), 36-42.
Sasha Dekleva, JP Shim, Upkar Varshney, & Geoffrey Knoerzer. (2007). Evolution and Emerging Issues in Mobile Wireless Networks. Association for Computing Machinery. Communications of the ACM, 50(6), 38-43.
Fantacci, R., Vannuccini, G., & Vestri, G.. (2008). Performance analysis of a multiple access protocol for voice and data support in multiuser broadband wireless LANs. Wireless Networks, 14(1)
Wireless technology has developed a large way from its infancy and is fast becoming the latest trend in communication. Wireless LANs have added an entirely new dimension to the communication sector. The advent of cellular technology, infrared and spread spectrum radio services have bought about a huge change to our world of communication and wireless technology has materialized our dream of a mobile workforce. Today there is no single standard in the industry and there are different wireless technologies available. Let us have a brief outlook of the 'IEEE 802.11' and 'luetooth', two of the important wireless LAN technologies.
IEEE 802.11 Protocol
The IEEE 802.11 (First adapted in 1997) is primarily a standard developed to provide time bound and asynchronous wireless services. The MAC layer is meant to handle different physical layers with distinct medium and transmission characteristics. The standard uses 2.4 GHz ISM band and a minimum data…
Daniel L. Lough, T. Keith Blankenship and Kevin J. Krizman, "A Short tutorial on Wireless LANS and IEEE 802.11," Accessed on September 4th, 2003, http://www.computer.org/students/looking/summer97/ieee802.htm
2) Bluetooth Solutions, "What is Bluetooth," Accessed on September 4th, 2003, http://www.siliconwave.com/what_is_bluetooth.html
Jeff Strip, "Bluetooth: Value ADDS and Opportunities," Accessed on September 4th 2003, http://www.palowireless.com /bluearticles/docs/bluetooth_value_adds.pdf
Jochen Schiller, "Mobile Communications," Published by Pearson Education, 2000.
Mobile Wireless Portal
Evaluation of the eWeek Mobile Wireless Portal
The eWeek Mobile Portal combines an impressive amount of news and analysis on mobile devices, mobile operating systems including iPhone, Android and many others, and the integration of these technologies into enterprise strategies. Coverage of how mobile technologies are used in Customer elationship Management (CM), Sales Force Automation (SFA), and throughout direct marketing is included in the portal's contents. The benefits of the portal are the timeliness of its news and analysis, the depth of reviews of new mobile devices specifically designed for the enterprise, and the links to more advanced technical information as well. The disadvantages of the portal include its heavy reliance on advertising, which tends to clutter up the page and makes it difficult to navigate. Another disadvantage of the portal is the lack of direct access to the more interesting tests of wireless network performance. That…
Boluk, P., Baydere, S., & Harmanci, A.. (2011). Robust Image Transmission Over Wireless Sensor Networks. Mobile Networks and Applications, 16(2), 149-170.
Li, T., Leith, D., & Malone, D.. (2011). Buffer Sizing for 802.11-Based Networks. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking, 19(1), 156-169.
Lorincz, J., Capone, A., & Begusi, D.. (2011). Optimized network management for energy savings of wireless access networks. Computer Networks, 55(3), 514.
These costs can difficult to calculate, as they depend upon the ability of the employees. But one must remember the breadth of experience of new workers in the workplace with wireless. It was concluded that these worker could act as continual helpers in the on-site transition without substantial additional costs to the company.
A second important consideration was the ubiquity of the new wireless technology, and its lack of likelihood of being replaced in the near future by an even superior form of connectivity technology. It is not enough that a technology seem better than preexisting forms, but that the technology has compatibility with preexisting systems, such as dialups, and is also unlikely to be replaced in the near future, and thus requires yet another jarring workplace transition. As research pointed out that wireless was both compatible with other businesses still using dialups, unlikely to be replaced by better forms…
Mobile and Wireless Portal
eWeek.com is a one of the top portals that is dedicated to providing technology-related news to readers all over the world. It is the digital version of the eWEEK magazine that discusses technology trends, latest apps, evaluations and business decisions that are made with technology as the underlying element. It provides comprehensive information about the world of technology and this has helped it to create a niche market for the magazine and its parent company.
Description of the portal's structure
The portal has a simple design that is appealing to readers. The core emphasis in this website is content and so the entire design revolves around the content that is published here. The site has been divided into numerous categories to make it easy for people to look up what they want quickly and effortlessly. The broad categories in the site include news, reviews, storage, security,…
Mobile and Wireless Technology -- News and Reviews. (2011). Retrieved from: http://www.eweek.com/c/s/Mobile-and-Wireless/
Wireless LANs eplace Wired LANs?
The convenience of wireless communication is so overwhelmingly obvious that given a choice, and provided there are no price constraints, almost everyone would prefer wireless instead of wired communication. This is reflected in the widespread use of devices such as remote control for TV, cellular telephones, pagers, and remote garage openers. The flexibility, mobility, and convenience that such 'wire-less' devices bring to our lives are simply magical. Who wouldn't like to extend such convenience to their working lives by, e.g., being able to access the Internet from almost anywhere? Or to be able to access their company's data from, say the cab downstairs? Such convenience is possible through the technology known as Wireless Local Are Networks (WLANs), which is an on-premise data communication system that reduces the need for wired connections besides making new applications possible. The technology has made its presence felt in 'vertical'…
Drucker, D., (2001, Aug. 27). "Security Flaw Isn't Death Knell For WLANs."
Internet Week.com. Retrieved December 7, 2002, at http://www.internetweek.com/story/INW20010827S0009 .
Hayden, M. (1998). Sams Teach Yourself Networking. Indiana: Sams.
Roundtable Wrap-Up: The State Of Wireless LANs." CommWeb Roundtable
solution for a client of Wireless Technology Company. They are a company that assists organizations and businesses when it comes to issues that involve networking, bandwidth, productivity and connectivity. The client in need of a solution right now is The Athlete's Shack. They are a chain of sporting goods stores with about ten stores in the area. While the company has a technology framework in place, they are lacking a wireless element and they wish to add one. Beyond that, they wish to make use of iPads that can thus link to the wireless infrastructure in the stores. The Athlete's Shack is unsure on how to initiate and start the process and that is why they are turning to the Wireless Technology Company.
The Athlete's Shack is in need of a solution that allows for wireless connectivity along with the use of iPads as a mean to make…
Amazon. (2015). NETGEAR Nighthawk X6 AC3200 Tri-Band Wi-Fi Router (R8000). Amazon.com.
Retrieved 23 August 2015, from http://www.amazon.com/NETGEAR-Nighthawk-AC3200-Tri-Band -
Apple. (2015). Apple. Apple. Retrieved 23 August 2015, from http://apple.com
The first is by demographically-based segmentation attributes, and the second is through services offered. Neither of these is optimal for understanding and responding to unmet needs in the users bases, a point discussed in the following section of this paper.
Demographic segments include the following:
General Consumer/Residential: The largest segment of users, this is the segment that also generates the highest level of price competition and pressure in the market as well. Churn is highest in this segment.
Small and Medium businesses:
The primary segment where bundling is used for generating high loyalty due to the ability of members of this segment to overcome price pressure due to the need to have services in place to support their business models.
The most profitable of segments and also the more difficult to penetrate and sustain customers, AT&T Wireless has successfully served this segment with Wide Area Networks (WLAN) and hotspot…
Ahn, Jae-Hyeon Sang-Pil Han, Yung-Seop Lee. (2006). Customer churn analysis: Churn determinants and mediation effects of partial defection in the Korean mobile telecommunications service industry. Telecommunications Policy, 30(10/11), 552. Retrieved March 15, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1166810491).
Allison, Kevin (2007, November). at&T spills beans on faster 3G iPhone launch. FT.com,1. Retrieved March 17, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1391331811).
Randolph Beard, George S. Ford, Richard P. Saba. (2006). An Econometric-Driven Merger Simulation: Considerations and Application. International Journal of the Economics of Business, 13(2), 217. Retrieved March 12, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1149224251).
Robin Bienenstock, Paola Bonomo, Richard Hunter. (2004). Keeping mobile customers. The McKinsey Quarterly,(1), 9. Retrieved March 15, 2008, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 542491091).
"Setting New Standards: Changes Are Coming to the orld of iFi, here Safer and Speedier ins the Race." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 35.3 (2008): 26.
Cisco Systems hite Paper "i-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking: Solutions and Technology" 2006, http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./prod/collateral/wireless/ps5755/ps6301/ps6386/prod_white_paper0900aecd80477957.pdf
Daly, Una. "The Hidden Costs of ireless Computer Labs: Mobile Labs May Bring Us a Step Closer to One-to-One Computing, but with the Proliferation of Security Problems and Tech Support Issues, Are They Really Ready to Replace Dedicated Computer Labs?." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 33.1 (2005): 13.
Liu, Xing, Sen, Abhijit, Bauer, Johannes & Zitzmann, Christian, "A Software Client for i-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking of Patients" Medical Imaging and Informatics 2008, 141. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f4373283n3026h20/
Katyal, Neal Kumar. "Digital Architecture as Crime Control." Yale Law Journal 112.8 (2003): 2261.
Mcchesney, Robert ., and John Podesta. "Let There Be i-Fi: Broadband Is the Electricity of the 21st Century -- and Much…
Chretien, Wendy. "Setting New Standards: Changes Are Coming to the World of WiFi, Where Safer and Speedier Wins the Race." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 35.3 (2008): 26.
Cisco Systems White Paper "Wi-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking: Solutions and Technology" 2006, http://www.cisco.com/en/U.S./prod/collateral/wireless/ps5755/ps6301/ps6386/prod_white_paper0900aecd80477957.pdf
Daly, Una. "The Hidden Costs of Wireless Computer Labs: Mobile Labs May Bring Us a Step Closer to One-to-One Computing, but with the Proliferation of Security Problems and Tech Support Issues, Are They Really Ready to Replace Dedicated Computer Labs?." The Journal (Technological Horizons in Education) 33.1 (2005): 13.
Liu, Xing, Sen, Abhijit, Bauer, Johannes & Zitzmann, Christian, "A Software Client for Wi-Fi-Based Real-Time Location Tracking of Patients" Medical Imaging and Informatics 2008, 141. http://www.springerlink.com/content/f4373283n3026h20/
Marketing Plan of Cingular Wireless
Cingular Wireless is a U.S.-based company that is focused on providing cellular mobile services through its wireless data services, which includes GSM and TDMA technologies. GSM (Global Systems for Mobile Communication) technology is the most basic form of wireless service that allows users to receive data service by connecting their mobile phones to cell site towers of Cingular. TDMA (Time Division Multiple Access) technology, meanwhile, allows users to use the same communication medium over different time slots. With the help of these technologies, Cingular Wireless is able to offer services ranging from text messaging, voice calls, and even multi-media messaging (MMS) that allows users to capture images and use video streaming/messaging with the use of their mobile phones.
Cingular Wireless' Promotions strategy is geared toward the mass communication media, such as broadcast (television) and print media. Through these very powerful media forms, Cingular was able…
Cingular Wireless Official Web site. Available at http://www.cingular.com.
Leotta, J. "A Singular Stance: Cingular's Commitment to Creative Expression." 17 June 2002. iCan! Incorporated Web site. Available at http://www.ican.com/news/fullpage.cfm/articleid/73-85BA77B465798635/cx/employment.for_employers/article.cfm .
Mucha, T. "Cingular Sensation?" 19 March 2003. Business 2.0 Newsletter Online Web site. Available at http://www.business2.com/articles/web/0,48145,00.html.
Cambium PTP (Wireless Setup)
The purpose of this project is to install Cambium PTP (Point-to-Point) 800 series. The project will also build 6 tents as well as installing 2 generators to enhance smooth operation of the Cambium PTP. Cambium PTP is an excellent microwave solutions and wireless devices for service providers as well network operators. The Cambium PTP is also an innovative technology that delivers a reliable, secure and cost effective connectivity.
The project chooses the Cambium PTP 800 series for the installation process. The PTP 800 is the wireless broadband solutions with F (radio frequency). The Cambium PTP 800 series are designed with Ethernet bridging on the point-to-point microwaves links with licensed bands between 6 GHz and 38 GHz.
The key features of the PTP (Point-to-Point) 800 Series are as follows:
Link capacity between 10 Mbps and 368 Mbps in each direction.
Configurable channel bandwidths between…
Cambium Networks (2013). PTP 800 - Cambium Networks. Chicago. USA.
Appendix 1: Project Implementation Plan
Therefore, while pricing strategies are different, most firms are seeking to differentiate themselves with features they believe will attract their target market, and the pricing reflecting the target market.
If a firm such as Samsung wishes to reduce costs there are a number of approaches which may be utilized. Most manufacturers are already using outsourcing for manufacturing either the handsets or some of the components. Costs are often saved by going to firms in countries where there is the ability to makes gains of comparative advantages, especially in areas where wages and overheads are lower. China is particularly well-known as a manufacturing base, but to save costs it would be possible to move to even lower cost countries, such as the African states where there is a lower level of economic development. However, this may also have costs, as the staff may not be as skills and quality…
Gartner, (2012, February), Gartner Says Worldwide Mobile Phone Sales Declined 1.7% in 2012, Garner, [online] retrieved 21st Feb 2012 from http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2335616
Kotler Philip; Keller Kevin, (2011), Marketing Management, Prentice Hall
Nellis JG, Parker D, (2006), Principles of the Business Economics, London, Prentice Hall
commercial marketplace and additionally on sales in that marketplace the mini tutorial does an average job of selling itself. The disjointed sentence structure, misspellings and bad grammar could be overlooked but it definitely detracted from the viability of the product. The entire tutorial read like it was written by a freshman in college who had just spent his or her entire summer floating on raft in a pool thinking up ideas to make money without working real hard at it.
One aspect of the tutorial that was quite good was the links to other sites that provided additional data and information to assist the visitor. These links were really quite handy and would be quite useful to the newbie network operator or technician who desired more in-depth coverage than what the tutorial provides.
specially interesting was the down-to-earth explanations of how the newest network technology was being implemented back in…
Especially interesting was the down-to-earth explanations of how the newest network technology was being implemented back in the early 2000's. However, much of the information was already dated and a lot of the events that the tutorial was exclaiming could be the wave of the future is already the wave of the past.
This tutorial is nice for those individuals who might want to easily install networking capabilities in a home or small business computer environment, especially from a somewhat outmoded point-of-view. It would be interesting to determine whether the company representative or the individual who wrote the tutorial has updated it at all. It reads as if it had been written in 2002 and still had not been updated. The reader could not tell for sure due to the absence of any documentation.
If the reader was looking for some good basic information that was somewhat dated in nature, then this is the website where that type of information can be found. The tutorial provides that basic information in a rather simple manner that is easy to understand. It also does a good job of providing other resources for the perusal of the reader. The individual who might find the tutorial useful would be someone who might want a background or history of the progression of wireless technology, or who might have older equipment that could be updated by the information contained in the tutorial.
Of these three approaches ad-hoc is considered the most adaptable to roaming users and therefore shows the greatest opportunity to support contextual-based use of wireless networks. The concept of the cellular network on the other hand is much more stationary and focused on a set of base stations that require base controllers and network infrastructure to effectively function. This fixed platform nature of the cellular network approach is juxtaposed with the approach increasingly being relied of using ad hoc networks for enable peer-to-peer communications throughout wireless networks. This aspect of ad hoc wireless network architectures is gaining high levels of interest due to wireless due to WiFi-enabled devices being able to access Facebook, MySpace and other social networking applications. As the ad-hoc architecture inherently supports peer-based communications and is rapidly becoming the foundation of social networking, this type of network architecture is considered highly distributed in nature. Often wireless network…
Cisco Tutorial. Basics of the OSI Model and associated documents. Accessed from the Internet on February 12, 2009 from location:
http://www.cisco.com/univercd/cc/td/doc/cisintwk/ito_doc/introint.htm (Chek, Kwok, 2007)
Michael Cho-Hoi Chek, Yu-Kwong Kwok. (2007). Design and evaluation of practical coexistence management schemes for Bluetooth and IEEE 802.11b systems*. Computer Networks, 51(8), 2086. Retrieved February 17, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 1244657901). (Diegel, Bright, Potgieter, 2004)
Olaf Diegel, Glen Bright, Johan Potgieter. (2004). Bluetooth ubiquitous networks: seamlessly integrating humans and machines. Assembly Automation, 24(2), 168-176. Retrieved February 4, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 636242101). (Fantacci, Vannuccini, Vestri, 2008)
The author of this report has been asked to assess and offer recommendations regarding the network setup for ichton Toys. There is currently a fairly dated but operational Cat5 setup in the office area, which is located on half a floor of a thirty floor office building. However, some users have taken to using an 802.11b wireless network. The Chief Executive Officer of ichton is very concerned about the wireless security of that setup given that corporate espionage in the toy industry is rampant. The author will give some recommendations about what should be done and why. While the existing Cat5 setup is not a completely dinosaur, the use of an extremely outmoded wireless technology and security standard is a disaster waiting to happen.
The one thing that absolutely must change with the ichton internet access setup is the wireless technology in use. The 802.11b router that…
Beal, V. (2015). What is Cat-7? Webopedia. Webopedia.com. Retrieved 10 August 2015, from http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/C/Cat_7.html
Cable Organizer. (2015). What Is The Difference Between Cat 5, Cat 5e, and Cat 6 Cable?. Cableorganizer.com. Retrieved 10 August 2015, from http://www.cableorganizer.com/articles/cat5-cat5e-cat6.htm
HTCC. (2015). WPA2 Encryption Basics. Cybercoyote.org. Retrieved 10 August 2015, from http://cybercoyote.org/classes/wifi/wpa2.shtml
Kelly, G. (2014). 802.11ac vs. 802.11n WiFi: What's The Difference?. Forbes. Retrieved 10 August 2015, from http://www.forbes.com/sites/gordonkelly/2014/12/30/802-11ac-vs.-802-11n-wifi-whats-the-difference/
Wireless connections today are ubiquitous and taken for granted; however, there is a complex world at work behind the scenes that relies on highly specific conditions. Whether on a laptop, cell phone, or other wireless handheld device, everyone has experienced the frustration of a faulty wireless signal. For this reason, it is helpful to understand some causes of signal weakness or failure. A brief study of the differences between wired and wireless networks, the basics of multiple access protocols, and increased challenges posed by mobility will offer a basic understanding of the complexities involved in successful wireless data transmission, or what can be described as the "21st century grease of the daily grind."
When a user chooses to "unplug" from the wired internet and connect through a virtual wire instead, they introduce a myriad of problems. Some basic challenges result from the differences between a wired and wireless network: decreasing…
City and municipal governments can also benefit greatly from the development of a Municipal Wi-Fi network in that fire, police, safety and medical equipment can be more effectively optimized in its used across broad geographic areas (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). Using these forms of communication would also allow for greater responsiveness to emergency situations and a more effective series of strategies for managing ongoing communications across all government agencies in a given metro area. As both private industry and government benefit from a metropolitan Wi-Fi, both need to share in its costs as well (Tang, Baker, 2002).
A Technology Capable of Shared Ownership Across Government and Private Industry
The underlying technological foundations of WiMax concentrate on a consortium-based approach to defining specific aggregation, transmission, measurement of performance and optimal usage scenarios for metropolitan-wide Wi-Fi networks (Zhang, Schiffman, Gibbs, Kunjithapatham, Jeong, 2009). In short, the technology platform lends itself…
Huang, C., & Chang, J.M. (2008). Responding to security issues in WiMAX networks. It Professional Magazine, 10(5), 15-21.
Dan O'Shea (2006, April). WiMAX Puts Service Quality on Display. Telephony, 247(6), S12-S14.
Peng, Y. (2006). WiMax: The emergence of wireless broadband. It Professional Magazine, 8(4), 44-48.
Tang, D., & Baker, M. (2002). Analysis of a metropolitan-area wireless network. Wireless Networks, 8(2-3), 107-120.
This is why the subtitle is interesting on asking whether bidding for the new bandwidth is worth it. On one hand, it is obvious that this is a way of increasing the services that are being offered and, additionally, in amplifying the business. On the other hand, it is interesting to note that any amplification of the business will bring about initial high investment costs, as is notable in Google's case, for example.
It is interesting to note that, while all these entities are battling it out over the extension of the telecommunications spectrum, the entity gaining most out of this is, unlike other cases, the consumer. An extension of the spectrum means everything from new technologies to lower prices, because the competition between the main actors will most likely drive prices down as they try to attract new consumers and retain the existing ones. As such, in an international…
tandards 802.11 "a," "b," "g" and "n" allow different applications to be deployed as mobility services. Based on the readings what might be the steps to setup a wireless network.
teps to establishing a wireless network
The steps to setting up a wireless network are the following:
caling the area
cale the area that you want wireless network set up in so that you can have an initial idea of layout. Meraki's WiFi tumbler is a tool that can help person assess neighboring wireless networks; their channels; names and intensity of strengths in your area. Based on this information, you can design your own access point placement.
Assess how many users will be employing / sharing the network. More than 20 users can make this problematic
Determine the minimum throughput that you would like to have
802.11 a/g offers up to 54 Mbps while 802.11n can attain an approximate 600…
Badman LH How To Deploy An Open Area With Wireless
Stoneburner, G et al. (2002)Risk management guide for computer security. NIST
TRB (2003) A balanced approach to managing information risk in an unfriendly world.
Communication -- transmission through wireless and SLIP forms
I've got no strings to hold me down." The Disney version of Pinocchio's enthusiasm for his own wireless status as a 'real boy' is paralleled in the recent enthusiasm of many individual users of the Internet's enthusiasm for 'going wireless.' The delight of personal cable modem and broadband devotee's own 'got no strings' status at their home office spaces has encouraged many corporations to also eschew SLIP modem technology in exchange for the use of wireless technology on a wider scale. Still, fully implementing wireless instrumentation on network scale, no pun intended, has been "an elusive goal for some time," for many industries because of cost and logistical problems. (Drake, 2003) Also, as electronics and data processing technology using SLIP ring data transmissions systems move forward, and industrial instrumentation developers build finer tuned processes, better management information, and greater productivity and performance,…
CCSI. (2003) "Survival kit: SLIP vs. PPP." Retrieved on September 3, 2004 at http://www.ccsi.com/survival-kit/slip-vs.-ppp.html
Drake, Bill. (May 1, 2003) "Blue tooth gets a filling." ISA. Retrieved on September 3, 2004 at http://www.isa.org/InTechTemplate.cfm?Section=Article_Index&template=/ContentManagement/ContentDisplay.cfm&ContentID=25894
Large Slip Ring Assemblies." (2004) Poly-Scientific Website. Retrieved on September 3, 2004 at Polysci. SLIP. Retrieved on September 3, 2004 at http://www.polysci.com/docs/srldsr.pdf
Rockwell Animation. (2003) "Wireless fact v. Fiction." Retrieved on September 3, 2004 at
Transmission media, which is also known as communication media, refers to a means with which information is broadcasted from one location to another. The transmission medium in a data transmission system is regarded as the physical pathway between the sender and the receiver of a message or information. Generally, transmission media in computer communications are divided into two categories i.e. bounded and unbounded media. Bounded media are the physical pathways for broadcast information like fiber optic cable while unbounded media is transmission through air like cell phone signals. The bounded media is also known as wired media because it involves physical links while unbounded media is also known as wireless media. Notably, the quality and characteristics of a transmission media is determined by the attributes of the signal and medium.
Wired and Wireless Media:
Wired and wireless media are important means of transmitting or transporting information since they provide different…
Dukda, S. (2000, September). Introduction to Structured Cabling. Retrieved from Division of Information Technology -- Ministry of Communication website: http://www.dit.gov.bt/sites/default/files/cablingstandard.pdf
Evans, S. (2013, March). Wired v. Wireless in the Enterprise. Retrieved February 9, 2014, from http://www.computerweekly.com/feature/Wired-vs.-wireless-in-the-enterprise
"Wired or Wireless." (n.d.). Virgin Media. Retrieved February 9, 2014, from http://store.virginmedia.com/discover/broadband/your-broadband/connecting/connection-type.html
There are several benefits that a global consumer electronic firm could derive from inter-project learning.
First, inter-project learning allows firm to enhance project completeness. Prencipe, & Tell (2001) argue that inter-project learning allows firms to execute a project in a best method. In the present competitive market environment, project is the key to the dynamic competitive capabilities. Typically, accumulation of knowledge builds project competencies, which could enhances market performances of a global consumer electronic firm. Experience has revealed that project-based firm has been able to record high profit in the market environment. ( Brady, and Davies, 2004).Through inter-project learning, a global consumer electronic firm will be able to better estimate the project costs and this will enhance ability to deliver the project with success. Moreover, the inter-project learning will enable the company to estimate the project risks efficiently. By better evaluating the project risks, the project manager will be…
Anbari, F.T., Carayannis, E.G. And Voetsch, R.J. (2008) Post-project reviews as a key project management competence, Technovation, Vol. 28, pp.633-643.
Brady, T. And Davies, a. (2004) Building of the Project Capabilities: From Exploratory to Exploitative Learning, Organization Studies, Vol.25, No.9, pp.1601-1621.
Prencipe, a. & Tell, F. (2001). Processes and outcomes Inter-project learning: knowledge codification in project-based firms. Research Policy. 30: 1373 -- 1394
The strategy is to partition the network and distribute the routing of the entire group of node instead of only one node having full energy burden task.
Similar to the previous paper reviewed, Xu et al. (2000) in their paper titled "Adaptive Energy-Conserving Routing for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks" also develop two algorithms for routing energy saving devices. hile other papers develop energy saving devices such as GAF and Span, Xu et al. (2000) develop AODV and DSR, which are the algorithms to reduce energy consumption in the application- level development. Similar to GAF that consume between 40% and 60% of less energy consumption, and Span, AODV and DSR have ability to consume as little as 50% of the energy in the ad-hoc routing protocol, which assist in increasing the network lifetime four-fold.
Geographical adaptive fidelity: The energy saving algorithms developed by Xu et al. (2001)
Adaptive Energy Conserving…
Chen, B. Jamieson, K. Balakrishnan, H. "Span: An energy-efficient saving coordination algorithm for topology maintenance in ad hoc wireless networks" ACM Wireless Networks Journal. (2001).
Xu, Y. Heidemann, J. & Estrin, D. Geography-informed Energy Conservation for Ad Hoc Routing. . ACM Wireless Networks Journal. .2001
Xu, Y. Heidemann, J. & Estrin, D. "Adaptive Energy for Routing Conserving for Multihop Ad Hoc Networks." USC/ISI Research Report 527. .2000.
These certificates are issued by the certification authorities (CAs) and they contain the name, expiration dates as well as serial numbers of the certificates.
Operating system hardening is the process of addressing the various security issues and vulnerabilities in a given operating system via the implementation of the latest Operating system patches, updates, hotfixes as well procedures and policies that are necessary for reducing the number of attacks as well as system downtime.
Application hardening is the process of addressing the various security issues and vulnerabilities in a given operating system via the implementation of the latest application patches, updates, hotfixes as well procedures and policies that are necessary for reducing the number of attacks as well as system downtime.
Transmission / emote access protection protocols
The transmission protocols that are necessary for the information assurance include the used of https as well as FTP. Https…
Mobile Device Security
Analysis of Routing Optimization Security for Mobile IPv6 Networks
Defining and Implementing Mobility Security Architectures
Approaches to defining, implementing and auditing security for mobility devices have become diverse in approach, spanning from protocol definition and development including IPv6 through the creation of secure mobile grid systems. The wide variation in approaches to defining security for mobility devices has also shown the critical need for algorithms and constraint-based technologies that can use constraint-based logic to isolate and thwart threats to the device and the network it is part of. The intent of this analysis is to evaluate the recent developments in constraint-based modeling and network logic as represented by mobile IPv6 protocols and the role trust management networks (Lin, Varadharajan, 2010). These networks are predicated on algorithms that are used authenticating the identity of specific account holders, in addition to defining a taxonomy of the factors that most…
Allen, M. (2006). An IT manager's insight into mobile security. The British Journal of Administrative Management,, 22-23.
Barber, R. (2000). Security in a mobile world - is Bluetooth the answer? Computers & Security, 19(4), 321-325.
Goode, A. (2010). Managing mobile security: How are we doing? Network Security, 2010(2), 12-15.
Komninos, N., Vergados, D., & Douligeris, C. (2006). Layered security design for mobile ad hoc networks. Computers & Security, 25(2), 121-130.
wireless Web is truly' the next major wave of Internet computing
A its potential for bringing people together and expanding commerce is even greater than that of the wired Internet."
Edward Kozel, board member and former CTO of Cisco systems (AlterEgo, 2000, p. 12)
The integration of the Internet into our modern culture as a driving force behind business, convenience, services and merchandise acquisition has created a new set of desires for modern consumers. The trend started with the ease and availability of services and products being offer4ed through radio and television advertising, and then infomercials and shopping channels. The internet brought the availability to purchase products, goods, and information from our desks and kitchens. Now trough wireless hotspots and wireless devices, society is following their desires toward a marketing distribution channel which motivates them to pay for internet access, and mobile commerce (m-commerce) anytime, anywhere, and instantly. These sets…
AlterEgo (2000). Building the intelligent internet: Making the case for adaptive network services. [www.alterego.com].
Albright, B. (2000). Mobilize this!. Frontline Solutions, May, 28-32.
Bansal, P. (1.1.2001) Smart cards come of age. The Banker.
Barnett, N., Hodges, S. & Wilshire, M. (2000). M-commerce: An operator's manual. McKinsey Quarterly, 3,162-171.
internet connectivity for the last few days. The internet has been going on and off in my home every couple of hours, sporadically. It would work fine during the day, with some hiccups in connection, but then it would be go completely off around 11pm and turn back on around 7 in the morning. I didn't understand why it was happening and decided to generate a flow chart that could help me not only process steps to fixing the problem with the internet but also understand why it could be happening.
My wireless router has had several issues with connectivity recently and is the source for my internet issues. I had concerns over getting a new router, however in developing my flowchart and analyzing for the three days, the times in which the internet went out, I came to the realization the plug connecting the router was loose. What this…
Despite its clear benefits and advantages in terms of ease of use and cost effectiveness, there are certain risks associated with wireless networking. These risks are discussed further below.
Review of the Literature.
Security Risks Associated with IEEE WLAN 802.11. The applications for wireless communication technology continue to develop and expand; today, at least, the 802.11b is the standard of choice for wireless router communication used with network installation (Gonazles & Higby 2003). "The integrity of the transmitted data is a valid 2.4 GHz. At this wavelength medium, the propagation of wavelength maintains strong connectivity" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30). The technology of WLANs actually dates back to the mid-1980s; during this period, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) freed up radio frequency (rf) to the industry. "Initially, this was viewed as a broadcast reception procedure and very little thought went to broadcast transmission" (Gonzales & Higby 2003, p. 30).…
Alexander, Steve. 2004. Computers and Information Systems. In Encyclopedia Britannica Book of the Year [premium service].
Anderson, Robert H., Tora K. Bikson, Richard O. Hundley & C. Richard Neu. 2003. The Global Course of the Information Revolution: Recurring Themes and Regional Variations. Santa Monica, CA: Rand.
Bliss, R. Marion. September 5, 2003. Homeowners Connect to Wireless Fidelity. The Washington Times, p. F29.
Brookshear, J.G. 2000. Computer Science: An Overview. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.
The high competition rate in the industry necessitates fast and numerous new developments. Nextel Communications Inc. can much more valuable spend its time and money by investing in new ideas. Court cases take time and energy, while also being highly detrimental to the creative process. In this way, losses are incurred not only in terms of legal fees and work hours, but also in terms of creativity and new products within the company.
In addition, law suits could have a detrimental effect on a company's reputation. If Nextel were for example to lose the case, Verizon receives the right to continue with their product. Potentially, Nextel's reputation could be harmed by its involvement in an apparently petty attempt to corner the market on their product. Even if the company wins, the result could be equally damaging in terms of lost hours as well as creativity and reputation damages.
The diffused infrared configuration however, uses a transmitter that fills a given office space with signals. The signal receiver can then be located anywhere in the office area in order to successfully receive the I signal.
The Spread spectrum LANs
This form of arrangement utilizes the multiple-cell configuration. Each of the cells are appropriately assigned a unique center frequency that lies within a specific band in order to avoid signal interference. This transmission technique makes use of two methods; frequency hopping as well as direct sequence modulation
The Frequency hopping method uses signals that jumps from a given frequency to the other within a specific bandwidth. The transmission unit then "listens" to a give channel and if successfully detects any idle time (a time when no signal is transmitted),then transmits the packet via the full channel bandwidth .In case a channel is deemed "full," the transmitter then "hops" to the…
Bruce, WR (2002).Wireless LANs End to End, Ron Gilster (ed.), John Wiley & Sons.
Burell, J (2002) 'Wireless Local Area Networking: Security Assessment and Countermeasures: IEEE 802.11 Wireless Networks', Dec. 2002, retrieved 22 March
2011, < http://telecom.gmu.edu/sites/default/files/publications/Jim-Burrell-December-2002.pdf>
Cisco (n.d)"Cisco HWIC-AP WLAN Module for Cisco 1800 (Modular), 2800 and 3800."
Wireless although the performance of Cingular has been mediocre also. The new Cingular expects that the added network coverage from at & T. Wireless will assist in opposing that belief nearly from the very beginning. (FCC OKs Cingular, at&T Wireless Merger)
The merger is regarding placing two companies in unison that do not have the metrics to go for the optimum services. Whereas there is scanty reservations regarding the amalgamation gives Cingular instruments to perk up customer satisfaction, the company has to proceed very speedily. Since in excess of 170 million subscribers are at present using a mobile phone in the United States, the phenomenal surge in the recent years is sure of slowing down. Meanwhile, the customers of at & T. Wireless has been deserting at the rate of 3.5% per month during 2004 which is worrying given that rivals Verizon and Nextel Comunications Inc. has been losing their…
Cingular, att Wireless merge after clearing last hurdle. October 26, 2004 Retrieved at http://economy.news.designerz.com/cingular-att-wireless-merge-after-clearing-last-hurdle.html . Accessed on 22 November, 2004.
Cingular Completes at&T Wireless Takeover. October 26, 2004. Retrieved at http://www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/cingular.html . Accessed on 22 November, 2004.
Consumers Will Pay Big for Cingular/at&T Merger, Study Warns. May 27, 2004 Retrieved from ttp:/ / www.consumeraffairs.com/news04/att_merger_phoenix.html. Accessed on 22 November, 2004.
Customer Benefits. 2004. Retrieved at http://www.newcingular.com/c_benefits.html. Accessed on 22 November, 2004.
The U.S. government, for example, could back the CDMA technology by promising China that it would support its candidature for the WTO, where eventually China acceded.
3. To what extent do economic factors?
The economic factors are essential in explaining the global leadership of GSM, mainly because of the economies of scale that can be made when dealing with the GSM technology. The economies of scale are evident in terms of the equipment, going as far as the handsets, for example. This means that despite a cost advantage for the CMDA, the economies of scale obtained from the GSM technology can virtually nullify this and make GSM more profitable.
On the Chinese market, economic considerations also played an important role in the competition between GSM and CMDA. First of all, China Unicom had already invested significant sums of money in the development of a wireless network based on GSM, so…
BluetoothTM is a low cost, low power, short-range radio technology- originally perceived as cable replacement alternative for the cable / wire connected devices such as mobile phone hand, headsets, and portable computers. The BluetoothTM's goals expanded to include standardized wireless communications between any electrical devices and created a notion of Personal Area Network. The write-up traces history of BluetoothTM starting with its unusual name to formation of Special Interest Group, SIG's formation, its growth culminating into implementation of version 1.0b.
Version 1.0 of the Bluetooth came out in 1999-starting as early as 1994 by engineers from Ericsson. The specification is named after Harald Blatand- a tenth century Viking. Ericsson Corp. founded the Bluetooth SIG in February 1998, Intel Corp., IBM Corp., Toshiba Corp., and Nokia Mobile Phones. In December 1999, core promoters group enlarged to include four major players, namely, Micorsoft, Lucent, 3 Com and Motorola.
Then, the components of…
Bluetooth Revealed, Brent, Miller. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR
Bluetooth Demystified, Nathan Muller, J.J. September 2000, Prentice Hall PTR
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Implementation Plan
Introduction and Business strategies
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory continully receives increasing competition in the information services industry. To reinstate the effectiveness and generate consumer satisfaction, as well as company presence in the market, a proactive strategy must be formed to increase functionality and service, as well as generate a wider consumer base, all while minimizing overhead and operational cost. Along with this aim, an implementation plan must be executed. The plan will consist of a five-step problem-solving model. This model will identify and address concerns, while establishing a process of improvement for Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and create increases in the company's wireless service efficacy. "The 5-Step model is a process to; categorize the situation, label and frame the central issue, articulate final goals, possible alternatives, and evaluate those alternatives" (Kundra, United States, & Chief Information Officers Council (U.S.),2010, p. 12)
The model as…
Haugen, D.M., Musser, S., & Lovelace, K. (2009). Outsourcing. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
Kundra, V., United States, & Chief Information Officers Council (U.S.) (2010). 25 point implementation plan to reform federal information technology management. Washington [D.C.: The White House, [Chief Information Officers Council.
Lacity, M.C., & Hirschheim, R.A. (1995). Beyond the information systems outsourcing bandwagon: The insourcing response. Chichester: Wiley.
Laudon, K.C., & Laudon, J.P. (2002). Management information systems: Managing the digital firm. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.
As cellular phone usage has increased the emergency response systems in rural areas has found itself being jammed with over use while the traditional wired trunk lines go unused. Unfortunately, balancing the cost of adding new wireless trunks line in order to meet the new demand has to be balanced against the cost of maintaining the old wired trunk lines. Due to the fact that cell phone coverage is not universally available in rural areas, traditional wired phone access is still needed so rural areas must still adequately meet the needs of both technologies, the old and the new. (Kurtis)
The new E-911 system is an enhanced version of the old 911 system. The advance of wireless technology has allowed the transmission of more information in a much more efficient manner. Under the E-911 system, the 911 operator can easily identify the telephone number of the person calling and any…
Chapman, S. a. (1998). Emergency Use of Cellular (mobile) telephones.
Federal Communications Commission. (2010). Wireless 911 Services. Washington D.C.: FCC.
Habib, I.M. (20007). Wireless technologies advances for emergency and rural communications. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing .
Kurtis, M. (2004). Deploying E-911 Phase II in Rural America. Business Source Complete .
In addition electronic purses can be reloaded using ATM machines or traditional tellers (if the card is connected to a banking account).
Additionally, electronic purses are usually based on smart card technology and necessitate a card reader to fulfill a transaction. Equipment including point of sale (POS) terminals, ATMs, and smart card kiosks can be outfitted with card readers (Misra et al., 2004). Every time the user utilizes the card reader to complete a transaction; the card reader will debit or credit the transaction value from or to the card.
The author further asserts that Smart cards can be utilized for various purposes.
In most cases they are used as stored value cards (Misra et al., 2004). Stored value cards can be utilized at the time of purchase and are preloaded with a certain amount of money. These cards can be discarded after they have been used; however, most stored…
AL-KAYALI a. (2004) Elliptic Curve Cryptography and Smart Cards GIAC Security Essentials Certification (GSEC). Retrieved October 8 at http://www.sans.org/reading_room/whitepapers/vpns/1378.php
ECC. Retrieved October 8 at http://planetmath.org/encyclopedia/EllipticCurveCryptography.html
Frauenfelder M. (2005) Make: Technology on Your Time. Oreily Misra, S.K., Javalgi, R. (., & Scherer, R.F. (2004). Global Electronic Money and Related Issues. Review of Business, 25(2), 15+.
Mitrou N. (2004) Networking 2004: Networking Technologies, Services, and Protocols. Springer Murphy S., Piper F. (2002) Cryptography: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press: Oxford, England.