isdom is necessary to determine the capacity and limits imposed upon the warrior class to carry out this task.
Temperance deals with self-control and moderation. The state must be aware of its limits and determine the point at which excesses are achieved and learn to moderate them, or to deter itself from indulgence. isdom will help to establish discipline and ensure that excesses are not reached, or how to scale back and reduce gluttony and excess. isdom allows for the state, and individual, to reach a healthy medium between excess and deficiency. The ruler must also be wise enough to not put their state in peril, nor to engage in unnecessary warfare or expansion.
Justice is the culmination of wisdom, temperance, and courage. Justice may be broken down into two categories, societal and individual. Societal justice is the political arrangement in which an individual is expected to play an appropriate…… [Read More]
In many ways, according to Socrates, wisdom and humility come very close in terms of meaning.
According to the legend, the oracle was asked whether there was anyone wiser than Socrates, to which the oracle replied that Socrates was the wisest. This led Socrates to take his time and research on the other people's wisdom, not believing that he himself was the wisest and knowing that other individuals as well possessed great knowledge. His findings revealed that other individuals had boasted their knowledge rather than possessing it, while Socrates owns it without boasting it.
The interesting thing of the humility wisdom professed by Socrates is that he claims he does not possess wisdom, while the oracle tells him that he does. The fact that he actually goes to investigate into the matter suggests that Socrates does believe he is wise, but he sees wisdom in relationship with the other individuals…… [Read More]
This humility is the element of wisdom that I did not understand prior to this course.
Of the philosophers that I studied, I found Plato's views of wisdom the most untenable. Plato tried to equate wisdom with truth. I understand that when he did so, he was speaking of the universal truth. However, I simply do not believe that there are sufficient universal truths to equate wisdom with truth. In any scenario with multiple people, there are multiple perspectives as to the truth. Therefore, there is no ultimate truth. He believed that philosophers studied reality, but reality is much more flexible and fluid than he acknowledged. Therefore, I find his concept of wisdom to be the least reasonable; it lacks the humility that I think is necessary for true wisdom.
Of the philosophers that I studied, I found that Aristotle's views seemed the most reasonable. Given their relationship, it is…… [Read More]
isdom? The study of philosophy in general is often thought of as the gaining of knowledge. At least, so it is for many philosophy students embarking upon a college course that attempts to introduce them to the cannon of estern thought and to give them the basis for asking the right questions about their daily lives and their daily getting of wisdom, in class and outside of class.
After reading the philosopher Socrates, who stands at the beginning of the estern tradition of thought relating to wisdom, one might be tempted to equate wisdom with simply getting a clear and unbiased or 'truthful' view of the world and human nature. Unvarnished truth, in all of its ugliness ultimately gives one the greatest access to a true form of happiness and thusly, to true wisdom. This is why, according to Socrates, it is better to face death in a logically coherent…… [Read More]
wisdom of Socrates today: The Consolations of Philosophy by Alain de Botton
The first chapter of Alain de Botton's The Consolations of Philosophy is set in an art museum. The author gazes upon an image of David's The Death of Socrates. De Botton contrasts his desire to be liked with the Greek philosopher's willingness to be unpopular, to the point of accepting a death sentence. "If the postcard [I bought of the David] struck me so forcefully, it was perhaps the behavior contrasted so sharply with my own" (De Botton 6). Socrates is both defiant and serene in the famous painting. He does not condemn his enemies and he accepts his fate, but he also refuses to tailor his philosophy to their dictates. De Botton says that unlike Socrates, he tries to win friends with his words, and nuances his speech so as not to be offensive in conversation.
The…… [Read More]
While I have always trusted in the justice system to uphold the law and ensure the safety of the American people from violations of social norms, the astounding rates of individuals being falsely convicted of crimes has significantly shaken the foundation on which my beliefs were built.
What are your Assumptions
When I say that I oppose the death penalty, I am assuming that the death penalty does not increase the safety of society nor does it do anything to restore a sense of security to the individuals impacted by the crime. Further I am assuming that there are alternative avenues that do not involve taking a life that would provide the same end result as capital punishment.
What are the Arguments that Support your Point-of-View
Opponents of the death penalty point to the capture and imprisonment of the criminal as removing the threat of the individual from society. Therefore…… [Read More]
Consideration of such factors is significant than their own individual, interactive traits.
Jim Collins perceptions on great organizations
Jim Collins thoughts on whether having accomplished companies will lead to a prosperous society and not a great one as Economic growth and power are the means, not the definition made Collins emphasize the significance of having a strong nonprofit division. He believes having a great business will result to prosperous nation and not a perfect nation. A great nation entails having a great society that has excellent schools, superb healthcare services, and efficient police departments (Finnie & Abraham 2002. Being a nonprofit organization does not make a company outstanding as greatness is not something that happens become of circumstances. This is because it is a function and responsibility of a company to achieve success. It does not matterif the organization is a, church, hospital, school or a specialized sports team.
Every…… [Read More]
For example, is the prospect of human cloning equal in repugnant value to "eating human flesh," as he suggests? (402). Another word he uses often is "horror." To wit, "Can anyone really give an argument fully adequate to the horror which is father-daughter incest (even with consent), or having sex with animals, or mutilating a corpse… or even just (just!) raping or murdering another human being?" (402). The horror of any of those acts can be linked to the horror of human cloning, according to Kass.
After spending the first few pages of his essay pointing to his contempt for the prospect of human cloning, on page 404 Kass flatly states that the process of setting up human cloning is already well underway. Making human children "artifacts" rather than loveable, playful little girls and boys, to serve human purposes, is a "violation of human equality, freedom and dignity" he insists,…… [Read More]
Folk Wisdom and Self-Fulfilling Prophecies
Eating fruits and vegetables on a daily basis has always been an important aspect of good nutrition and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. ut amongst the various foods in these categories, the apple stood primus inter-pares and there is even the adage that states "an apple a day keeps the doctor away." This folk wisdom can well be proven by undergoing a scientific experimentation whereby several subjects will be tested to determine how healthier they can get by eating an apple or two a day. The subjects can be divided between a control group (no apple for x number or days) and the experimental group that will be given two apples a day during the testing period. Thereafter, each subject in the experiment will be given various medical test such as blood, cholesterol, and other tests that determine their level of health. However, undergoing…… [Read More]
Francis Clooney, entitled Hindu Wisdom for all God's Children, the author begins his Christian journey into the Hindu religion by noting that when he first arrived in Katmandu, India, he felt a profound sense of disappointment that the place he visited was not more 'different' than where he had left. (Clooney 1) Clooney, a Jesuit Professor of Theology at Boston College, thus stresses the similarity between the Christian and Hindu traditions, rather than their fundamental dissimilarity in his approach. His main desire in writing his book was to create a sense of dialogue and connection between these two faiths, separated by geography as well as philosophy. He does not deny that there are core and key differences between Christianity and Hinduism. However, he sees these differences in approach as sites of theological discussion between Christians and Hindus to grow in wisdom, rather than excuses for disharmony between the members of…… [Read More]
Indeed, these should be employees that are creative, that are willing and able to work in a risk taking environment and one where innovation is encouraged. With that in mind, such a recruiting and selection policy will likely help create a team in the company that will, by itself, encourage an innovative approach to work.
With clouds, the most important benefit for the corporate client is the fact that a significant part of the IT tasks can be removed and outsourced to an online environment. This means that all tasks associated to installing software, ensuring the software's maintenance, as well as training processes so that employees can use the application, will be outsourced to an Internet company. This will also mean a significant cost reduction for the company, reflected in fewer IT employees and associated costs.
The second advantage for the company is accessibility. In many occasions, such online storage…… [Read More]
As in One Thousand and One Nights and current society, the Apology of Socrates also depicts a society in search of wisdom and answers. In One Thousand and One Nights this is most apparent in the King's desire to know the answers of each of Shahrazad's riddling stories. High value is also placed on those of Shahrazad's characters who can outwit the others. Socrates mentions again and again that he is not wise, but is searching for someone who is. He explains his frustration on examining one man who "was not really wise, although he was thought wise by many, and still wiser by himself" (783). Obviously, the man Socrates interviewed thought very highly of himself and was not truly interested in becoming wise due to inflated ego. This is relevant to a number of current day examples, including writers, teachers, and other famous people who are respected but are…… [Read More]
Interview With the Elderly
As Cavanaugh and Blanchard-Fields (2014) assert, "We cannot understand adults' experiences without appreciating what came before in childhood and adolescence" (p. 4). The interviewee, therefore, was asked to describe her childhood experiences on the farm where she grew up. She recalled a life that was much more rugged and basic than today's childhood experiences. She described having to help with the slaughter of pigs, which she did not like, because it smelled terribly. She described the flowers that her father grew and the greenhouse that was popular. She talked about the stone house and how it was divided up among her parents and her siblings and how they would have curtains separating "rooms" and how there was no such thing as television when she was a child. These experiences clearly shaped her character and her perspective of things as she grew older and the world around…… [Read More]
In my life, I have tried to distinguish between healthy and tasty foods. The quote can also be taken symbolically, to refer to our ability to discern. Confucious is suggesting that we learn how to discern between ethical actions and even between people." Another quote from The Doctrine of the Mean, which applies to my life, is as follows: "The way which the superior man pursues, reaches wide and far, and yet is secret." I have never wanted to become famous, but have wanted to achieve great things. The most important thing is to achieve goals with an ethical foundation and not to become a celebrity.
Confucius's writings teach us how to best hone our minds and behaviors. The teachings also illustrate what Chinese culture was like during the time of Confucius. For example, in The Great Learning, Confucius refers to kingdoms and rulers. He refers to specific rulers: "Yao…… [Read More]
Timothy Mitchell challenges conventional wisdom which suggests that oil-producing countries tend to be less democratic, specifically by referring to the current state of affairs in the Middle East. Mitchell discusses the role of oil by placing it within a larger context of fossil fuels and their effect on political mobilization, and argues that the existence of large reserves of fossil fuel may limit democracy but also made certain kinds of democratic processes possible. He calls the latter carbon democracy.
Mitchell argues that viewing the impact of oil as necessarily anti-democratic is narrow-minded. The role of oil should be analyzed in a larger context, he says. For instance, those who argue that a dependency on oil and the ability of the ruling elite in the Middle Eastern countries make them less democratic only look at the political processes of using oil for the benefit of the rulers. But we need also…… [Read More]
The book of Proverbs is one of the more unusual books of the Bible, given that rather than storytelling or prophesy, the book consists of a series of homilies or inspirational phrases intended to encourage the reader to honor his or her father and mother and to place wisdom over riches and worldly success. The book as a whole is a reminder to cherish the important, simple lessons of life. The lessons conveyed by the book are both religious and ethical in nature. One idea which comes to mind when reading the book is that rather than talent, sometimes simply the willingness to be kind, to show up on time, and to behave in an estimable manner is more important. From an educator’s perspective, all of the lessons of the book highlight the importance of creating a moral environment in the classroom that inspires others to treat one another well.…… [Read More]
Mythological Character in Past and Present
Athena was a virgin Greek goddess of intelligent activity, reason, literature and arts. She was the daughter of Zeus and Metis, and her birth was unique because she did not have a mother. Instead, she sprung from Zeus' forehead fully grown and clad in armor (Stehle, 2013). Athena was brave and fierce in battle, but she only participated in battles that defended the home and state from outside enemies. Her powers were mainly in defense of Athens. Other powers she possessed were wisdom and women's craft. Athena was a virgin warrior goddess she was amongst many throughout the world mythologies. Athena invented the bridle and it was used by men to tame horses. She also invented the flute, the pot, the plow, the rake, the yoke, the chariot, and the ship. Athena was Zeus' favorite child and she was permitted to use his…… [Read More]
On a community level, getting to know one's neighbors, focusing on the local, even if one commutes to somewhere far away (and questioning the value of a job with a long community, if that job is not 'worth it,' in terms of time and personal sacrifice) is another building-block of creating a viable local community. Creating community parks, acting as a local advocate to preserve community open spaces, organizing neighborhood 'clean ups' and tree and flower beautification days, and encouraging teachers to incorporate the outdoors into school lesson plans help to foster a 'great remembering' of the natural world on a local basis.
Building a local garden, supporting local businesses that are 'green' and buying healthy food and other products that do not leave a large global footprint is important and so is helping others to do the same. Steps can be small but meaningful, even on a national level.…… [Read More]
elping the elderly quit smoking is one of the most important responsibilities of the healthcare professional. The number of cessation programs designed for the elderly are severely limited, therefore the venues by which they actively quit smoking are not nearly as prevalent as other age segments. Most health care professionals have not received significant training in smoking cessation counseling in general, even though it is one of the most prevalent causes of health problems within America.
In the absence of having a strong primary care physician or a group therapy session to promote smoking cessation, alternatives include the use of cessation literature. Many channels of education have been attempted with some success in the elderly. In one recent test conducted by Rimer and Orleans using smoking cessation brochures, the results were extremely promising. In the study, three groups were established with the control group receiving cessation literature not specifically designed…… [Read More]
Wisdom and Woman in the Old Testament
Women and Wisdom in the Old Testament
In recent years, scholars and Bible commentators have analyzed extensively the way in which women are portrayed in the Old Testament. The matter has also been the focus of many feminist studies that research the role of the women in the patriarchal Israelite society. However, in spite of the fact that there are indeed many instances of harsh treatment of women in the Old Testament, as their social roles were constrained by many serious restrictions, there are also a few cases where women are associated with divine wisdom and understanding. For example, in Proverbs, wisdom is personified as a feminine figure that directs the believers towards true understanding and godly illumination. Likewise, in Judges 4 and 5, Deborah is described as both a judge of Israel and as the leader of the army, whereas Jael, another…… [Read More]
My own weaknesses as a negotiator hinge upon those aspects of negotiation that involve lying. Of course, most instructors who teach the art of negotiation do not refer to it as "lying" but from a civilian perspective that is precisely what it is. In order to sell the art of negotiation to use, instructors refer to it as "framing" and "strategy." But of course "framing" could easily be translated into "omitting part of the truth for the purpose of strategic advantage" -- you say "we've had other offers" but neglect to mention that they were all less than half of the asking price, or neglect to mention that all the other offers that were had were subsequently withdrawn, or so forth. The simple fact is that the "framing" aspect of negotiation is basically about using an informational asymmetry in order to gain advantage over the other party, and frequently…… [Read More]
Wisdom in Buddhism
Some twenty-five hundred years ago, Buddha Shakyamuni devoted the last forty-nine of seventy-nine-years of life teaching his practices to people in the area today of Northern India about enlightenment and how to achieve that state of being, as he had. The term Buddha as translated today from the Sanskrit word means wisdom or enlightenment, though the two terms are not interchangeable. It is the goal for all sentient beings to achieve enlightenment, or Buddhahood, where all pain and suffering in one's life are extinguished and removed from their very being. Nevertheless, wisdom is an essential concept within Buddhism; in fact, it is the third essential elemental practice within the Noble Eightfold Path. Wisdom is innate in all of us, as is enlightenment. Some two thousand years ago, some forty Mahayana sutras were composed on the perfection of wisdom, which is also known as prajnaparamita. There are three…… [Read More]
Self-knowledge is a prerequisite for wisdom. For Socrates, self-knowledge or self-understanding is the precursor of the ability to probe the world outside of the self. In fact, Socratic wisdom is wisdom that is manifest and known. The Socratic process of probing and inquiry is designed specifically to eliminate that which cannot be known or that which is irrelevant to the pursuit of wisdom and understanding. The process of Socratic dialogue is coupled with the process of arguing ad absurdum, until the kernel of truth remaining after the inquiry may be recognized as wisdom. Yet before a person can even begin to explore the universe, the person must explore the self. The exploration of self is not a narcissistic inquiry but rather, an inquiry into the nature of human being. It is important to understand the human experience, the human mind, and human patterns of perception and cognition.
Socrates also…… [Read More]
This then leads Plato to a consideration of how morality can be applied to reason.
The basis of morality -- or virtue -- for the philosopher is happiness. eason dictates that the greatest joy (or the highest good) is in living according to the dictates of virtue. Hence, if an individual wishes to be ultimately happy, regardless of external circumstances or emotion, will engage in moral actions. As such, both wisdom and virtue work together to attain happiness. Indeed, wisdom is therefore virtue, as it encourages the pursuit of happiness by means of moral action.
It is then the culmination of this wisdom as virtue that enables Socrates to meet his trial and death with a demeanor of calm and poise. Socrates' soul is ordered by means of his philosophy of reason and morality; his reason rules his emotions and his passions. Hence he is able to be kind and…… [Read More]
Mena and Phaedo
There are in-text citations from the two Plato sources I used. You cannot get me the text for additional in-text citations. Unless you get me some quotes, the assignment is finished.
In a number of Plato's works, there is an inherent relationship between the concept of true virtue and wisdom. This fact is demonstrated most eminently within the Socratic dialogues, particularly within the dialogues known as Meno and Phaedo. Although it would perhaps be inaccurate to say that wisdom is synonymous with virtue per se, a good deal of the definition of virtue is the fact that it requires a copious amount of wisdom. In understanding this inherent relationship between these two important concepts and how virtue is largely defined as a quality or an effect of wisdom, it is necessary to understand some basic facts about Plato's dialogues regarding Socrates. Specifically, it is necessary to know…… [Read More]
Possibly the reason this particular principle comes across as counterintuitive in the first place is precisely that it so often not the case at all. Few sports teams are devoid of internal factions or "cliques" and of antagonistic relationships among certain individuals who do not necessarily like one another. This is also true of members of coaching staffs. In business, it is more likely rare than common that all members of a successful team necessarily like one another. Therefore, this conclusion of Wooden's may be among the least supportable and the most dependent on conjecture, personal experience, and contrary to many counterexamples in sports and in business.
2. Enthusiasm -- Wooden maintains that individuals in positions of leadership must be highly motivated and that they must also be positive types of people. This seems counterintuitive because so many successful leaders in sports and in business are actually negative people who…… [Read More]
Mind and Body
A review of the required literature, Robert Thurman's "isdom" (Thurman), Karen Armstrong's "Homo Religiousus" (Armstrong), and Oliver Sacks' "The Mind's Eye: hat the Blind See" (Sacks), gives significant insights into how the mind and body must work together to create our lived experience. Though the three authors may initially appear to discuss somewhat different topics, they have vital commonalities. The readings will lead the thoughtful reader to a three-pronged thesis: that mind/body coaction ideally involves knowledge of the genuine "self"; that there is a common experience of "self-delusion"; and that "universality" is of ultimate importance. The "self" is approached uniquely by each author. Thurman's is a Buddhist perspective explores the different concepts of "self" from self-ish to the self-less ideal. hile Thurman does not speak specifically about mind/body interaction, his deference to the power of the mind is clear. Armstrong also speaks of the self's importance, though…… [Read More]
7I bought male and female slaves, and had slaves who were born in my house; I also had great possessions of herds and flocks, more than any who had been before me in Jerusalem. 8I also gathered for myself silver and gold and the treasure of kings and of the provinces; I got singers, both men and women, and delights of the flesh, and many concubines.*
9 So I became great and surpassed all who were before me in Jerusalem; also my wisdom remained with me. 10 hatever my eyes desired I did not keep from them; I
kept my heart from no pleasure, for my heart found pleasure in all my toil, and this was my reward for all my toil. 11 Then I considered all that my hands had done and the toil I had spent in doing it, and again, all was vanity and a chasing after…… [Read More]
It was noted that factors affecting the removal of third molars vary from country to country depending on the stakeholders (Esposito, 2005).
In this section, we discussed the origins of third molars, as well as the different types of impaction that can occur. The effects of the type of impaction were found to be a factor in the ease if removal and the complications that may occur. Understanding types of impactions and the affect that they can have on the potential for complications is an important step in preventing complications before and after surgery. The following section will discuss the surgical procedures for removal of mandibular impactions.
Surgical Extraction of Impacted Mandibular Third Molars
Surgical extraction of third molars is performed for a number of reasons. They are sometimes performed to prevent surgery in older patients, although this reasoning is questionable (Valiati, Ibrahim, & Poli, et al., 2009). It can…… [Read More]
Ancient Text ith Modern Text
Because written literature is capable of being transmitted from the person who wrote it across generations, it acquires the status of communal wisdom simply by being recorded. Yet there are limitations to the applicability of such stories, and to a certain degree wisdom consists in knowing that there are limitations to the theoretical knowledge one can acquire in this way, or human error can misinterpret the text. I would like to look at the way in which three texts -- one ancient (by Rumi) and two modern (by Siije and Soyinka) -- offer wisdom at the same time that they suggest limits to our own knowledge, and limits to the applicability of any such wisdom.
The poems of Rumi, by virtue of their age, seem almost to define the way by which wisdom can be transmitted in literature, but also can acknowledge its own limits.…… [Read More]
Nursing research is one of the most important components in answering a clinical question through an investigation process. The research or investigation process involves a series of steps that are geared towards identifying suitable evidence that can be utilized in answering the research question. This process requires narrowing down the research topic, which helps in obtaining information that is applied to develop knowledge, which generates wisdom if applied in meaningful ways. In this case, the research process entails the use of a data, information, knowledge and wisdom continuum. This paper examines how nursing informatics through this continuum can be utilized to gain wisdom on a clinical issue in the field of psychiatric nursing.
Clinical Issue and Question
Psychiatric nursing practice entails the provision of comprehensive, patient-centered psychiatric care to patients with psychiatric or mental health problems. This nursing practice is considered as an integral component of the continuum of nursing…… [Read More]
In Euthyphro, Socrates' questioning centers on discovering the true definition of piety -- but it is geared towards arriving at a sense of reasonable judgment (after all, he himself is about to go before the judges, and he would like to receive a judgment that is reasonable from them). hat he meets in Euthyphro is willfulness and subjectivity. Socrates attempts to show why it is important to remain objective about the law and to what extent we can judge others: in fact, it is Socrates who is searching for an objective standard -- an absolute outside himself by which he may judge: "Tell me what is the nature of this idea, and then I shall have a standard to which I may look, and by which I may measure actions" (6e). Euthyphro happily engages in the dialogue and states that "piety, then, is that which is dear to the…… [Read More]
They both are seeking wisdom and spiritual growth, but for very different reasons. Frankl has to find some kind of order and reason in his experience, or he will either go mad or die. Thoreau's spiritual quest is one of peace and harmony, while Frankl's is one of duress and oppression. He writes, "What matters, therefore, is not the meaning of life in general, but rather the specific meaning of a person's life at a given moment" (Frankl 171). At that given moment in time, Frankl's life did not mean anything to anyone but himself, and he used this experience to develop his own philosophy on life and wisdom, just as Thoreau used his experience to develop his own philosophy. The two men had the same goals, but reached them very differently due to their circumstances.
It is difficult to judge who has the best approach, because they both did…… [Read More]
Decision Making Frame Work in Nursing Informatics
Nowadays, nursing professionals make decisions everyday in a way that they don't even realize. Some of these professionals don't take full notice on exactly how these decisions are going to affect their duties and the lives of their patients sooner or later. This is the reason why decision making within the nursing setting must be made under a very strict knowledge management framework and environment in order to enable the operation of nurses within the knowledge management process. In this paper I present how I would employ the data, information, knowledge, and wisdom continuum in determining the answers to the question "Why is Ambulation needed post operative?"
Before delving into the details on how I would employ the knowledge management process in answering the question at hand, I must point out that every individual's ability to solve as well as make…… [Read More]
My moral code is basically a culmination of all the statements made above. It includes he principles of freedom, choice, and democracy. I consider these principles, if applied, as essential to fulfill my moral vision of he world, where all people can work together in harmony to fulfill both individual and collective goals.
There are various ways in which to ensure one's moral fitness. One good way is to use workbooks on the subject, such as the one created by Thompson (2009). Thompson asks various pertinent, critical thinking questions about one's personal views on morality and leadership. These are a very good exercise to ensure not only that my moral fitness is intact, but also to ensure that I maintain a conscious awareness of my own morality, the principles, that govern it, and the possible need for change within any of these principles. Such workbooks also promote personal and moral…… [Read More]
After recognizing Mara's ill intent, Sakra resolves to "recall the Perfection of Wisdom, bring it to mind, repeat it, and spread it." (Conze 78) This definitely indicates some sort of process or method. What is interesting is that you have to both "recall" the perfection of wisdom, then "bring it to mind." (Conze 78) So merely remembering it is not enough, you have to focus on it after making yourself remember it. Then, you "repeat it," indicating that it is some sort of chant or mantra. (Conze 78) Finally, you "spread" it. I think "spread" means to let it penetrate your mind and expand, as thoughts tend to do when you focus on them. (Conze 78)
After Sakra performs the Perfection of Wisdom, Mara is discouraged, and "immediately" "turns back again" and "goes on his way." (Conze 79) This implies that Mara was more disappointed than defeated, going…… [Read More]
"That ye be not slothful, but followers of them who through faith and patience inherit the promises," (Hebrews 6:12). The promises referred to in the Bible include spiritual gifts like wisdom, and also the gifts of material abundance and fecundity. The Bible teaches that laziness, or sloth, is incompatible with wisdom or success. Moreover, the Bible teaches that only foolish people are lazy and slothful, because they allow themselves to be distracted by desires. The person who is distracted does not work, and when a person does not work, he or she cannot eat. "The desire of the sluggard kills him, for his hands refuse to labor," (Proverbs 21:25). Hands that refuse to labor are naturally hands that cannot provide food to sustain the body, let alone spiritual nourishment for the soul.
Thus, the Bible makes the connection between laziness and foolish desires. It is desire that causes laziness,…… [Read More]
I have great difficulty with the idea that someone should give up having feeling and partiality of one's own. It seems that the ideal person would be more likely to respond spontaneously with emotion of one's own -- for something of the value of being human seems to be lost if one loses one's uniqueness of response. Moreover, it seems to devalue and destroy the self to deny that one's spontaneous responses are also one's personal and "owned" responses, as it were. So, on this point I have some hesitation. The idea that "there is not a single thing in the world that should not have been there. We must not hate anything..." has such wisdom in it, and yet at the same time I suppose I fear that one would be subtly undermining one's humanity by attempting to sense the universal rather…… [Read More]
All human beings are, however, impure and imperfect, which does not make it very difficult to rise above the rest in terms of self-perceived perfection. In comparison to God, however, this changes. The human being who is never dissatisfied with him- or herself, however, never becomes aware that there is a contrast to be made with God.
This is what Calvin appears to mean by piety. People with true knowledge of themselves as imperfect and unholy in comparison with God are those who are most pious. They are aware that there are imperfections to be addressed and aspire to do so by contemplating the nature of Gold. Instead, impious and hypocritical human beings are never aware that there is much wrong with them. They create a type of cycle by only contemplating other human beings to compare with themselves. By doing this, they become aware only of their excellence and…… [Read More]
However, many times, viewing an object in relation to other objects does indeed transcend the permanence of the meaning and create new meaning. Therefore, our knowledge of what we are convinced is real can change, which highlights the question of whether or not our original knowledge was real before it changed; or if knowledge can ever be real. Socrates posed these questions initially, pondering the ability to agree that something "is" no matter what it might eventually be or not be.
Brumbaugh thus presents the following three principles that comprise this argument:
"1. e only contact these objects through subjective images. e never perceive them directly.
2. These objects contain a number of properties that are mixed together. Any description of the object that doesn't separate out these properties cannot explain what makes the object act the way it does. For example, if all you know about [an] & #8230;…… [Read More]
Socrates and Plotinus also have very similar ideas on how Beauty is recognized, which though intimately related to their ideas on the nature of Beauty are somewhat different, also. For both men, Beauty was connected to the eternal. Socrates, being at least somewhat (and perhaps completely) atheistic, does not immediately or necessarily connect the concept of the eternal with the concept of the divine, however, but rather recognizes the inherent Beauty in the only act of immortality that mortals can engage in -- procreation and generation, which leads to "beauty in birth." The physical act of love between a man and a woman is described by Socrates -- through the voice of Diotima -- as an act of supreme beauty, and its effects are equally beautiful, as it causes immortality and hence touches upon the eternal. Beauty is also connected to love because love cannot occur with deformity; the closer…… [Read More]
Now, if love were indeed a part of the medical and thus the purely physical makeup of plants, animals, and human beings, Eryximachus would not be incorrect in assuming that his knowledge was applicable and that medical mechanisms were at heart in the matter of love. As Eryximachus goes even further in his extension of his own expertise, however, claiming that "in music, in medicine, in all other things human as which as divine, both loves ought to be noted as far as may be, for they are both present" -- that his knowledge applies to everything human divine -- suggests that this is exactly the type of ignorance and foolishness Socrates warned of.
Socrates' wisdom, as he explains in Plato's apology, comes from the fact that he understands and acknowledges where his knowledge is lacking, which is almost everywhere, and thus that he pursues knowledge and truth with…… [Read More]
Power We Could Ever Need, if Only We Could Use it: An Analysis of "Collective Wisdom" by Brian Hayes
In "Collective Wisdom," author Brian Hayes gives a very good description of super computers, their computing power, and how people can access that computing power. It is a very interesting discussion of a topic that I personally would not have previously found interesting. Although the technical aspect of the discussion left me uninterested, I found some of Hayes' implications to be very interesting. The first point his article had me pondering is whether computers will expand human intelligence or whether human intelligence will necessarily confine the limits of computers. The second thing I wondered about his article is if the general public has any right to expect to be able to use any computers in their idle time. These two questions made me come to the realization that the Internet presents…… [Read More]
Philosophy -- Plato's "The Apology"
"The Apology" is Plato's recollection of Socrates' trial, conviction, sentencing and last words to the jury. The Apology is divided into three parts. The first part, Socrates' principal speech to the jury, is his argument against old and new accusations. The second part, Socrates' "counter-assessment," is Socrates' rebuttal of the prosecutor's recommendation of the death penalty. The third part, Socrates' final words to the jury, consists of his speeches to the jurors who voted for his conviction and to the jurors who voted for acquittal.
Socrates' Principle Speech
Socrates first takes on the people who have slandered him over the years with "lying accusations" against him: that he is "a student of all things in the sky and below the earth" (Plato, Grube, & Cooper, 2000, p. 22) which is a physicalist or atheist; that he "makes the worse argument the stronger" (Plato, Grube, &…… [Read More]
Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty
Major Schools of Thought and Actors
In Transforming Practice: Pastoral Theology in an Age of Uncertainty, Elaine L. Graham addresses Traditional, Postmodern, Empirical, Liberation and Feminist perspectives on Theology and ultimately on Pastoral Theology. In order to address these perspectives, Graham traces the historical development of each, current theological realities, and prospective "horizons." The result is an extensive review of the Pastoral Theolog (y)(ies) of the Church and its faith communit (y)(ies), viewed very strongly through the feminist pastoral perspective.
As presented by Graham, the Traditional perspective is built on Scripture that is rife with patriarchy and an overarching patriarchal hierarchy. hile providing conventionally binding values and norms, the Traditional perspective is decidedly male-centered: traditionally-based pastoral theology tended to focus on the traits of a good male pastor and was essentially restricted to the pastoral ministry of ordained males.…… [Read More]
conventional wisdom has always stated that hedging strategies and life insurance are ill-matched partners. The belief has always been that the philosophical motivation behind employing one is diametrically opposed to that of the other. Insurance companies have traditionally shunned the use of derivatives as a hedging strategy because the insurance industry is all about risk management and hedging instruments required too much specialized knowledge and too many risks to be utilized as suitable strategies, especially when there were conventional investments that could guarantee a significant long-term return one's capital investment. During prosperous -- or at least non-volatile times -- very few investors or managers questioned this way of thinking. However, ultimately, whether one is talking about life insurance, pensions or playing the market, it's all about winning, and over the last few years as the market made a mockery of mutual funds and other traditional investment tools, the only ones…… [Read More]
The Lord will lead one to safety always. One can simply believe in something higher to get the meaning of this; it doesn't have to be Jesus. Psalm 127, contrarily is confusing because it states that unless the Lord builds the house, it is built in vain. This seems to be more literal, but I do get the idea. Unless the people building the house are doing it with the love of the Lord in their hearts, or building it for him, then what is the point?
Didactic poetry can be quite comforting as seen in Psalm 23 or it can be much too literal and seen as both confusing and condescending. Psalm 127 isn't very instructive spiritually speaking, unlike Psalm 23.
Updated Proverb: A broken toe can hurt, but a broken heart can kill.
Metaphors: Obscure or Illuminate? Didactic literature with its use of metaphors can sometimes obscure the…… [Read More]
The central ideas about this knowledge may be categorized into four parts: knowledge, wisdom, belief, and opinion. Some are individualized -- some culturally based, some based solely on sensory perception, and some, from consideration. In its most practical state, "knowledge" may be information about which we are aware -- facts, figures, accepted truths, ways of doing things. Wisdom, in contrast, takes that knowledge and allows individuals to make judgments and decisions based on knowledge -- presumably gained through experience or the process of learning. Belief is a culturally (thus cognitively) based make up of what we hold to be true simply because we innately know it without the need of proof or method. Opinion, is a personalized belief of judgment that has no proof, no certainty, but generally takes in information (whether correct or not) and synthesizes it into an idea that allows for individuals to have stands and strong…… [Read More]
His view is Asian in that it mirrors the view that meaning is found by searching within, that imposing a specific doctrine is not the way to find enlightenment, and that a teacher is a guide rather than a figure of authority. Such ideas are expressed in Buddhism, Hinduism, Taoism, Confucianism, and other Asian philosophical and religious systems. Socrates takes a very self-effacing position in keeping with the way he subordinates himself to the need of society and so does not challenge the death sentence pronounced against him, nor does he escape when he can because he believes more in the right of the social order to exert its authority over him than he does in his personal welfare. The sublimation of the personal in service of the greater good is also an Asian element that Socrates expresses in his own way, and the way his followers argue with him…… [Read More]
Positive Aspects of Getting Old
There is much controversy regarding old age and whether or not it has a positive effect on people's lives. Most people are inclined to believe that old age brings along a series of problems, with a declining creativity being one of the most harmful issues. However, elements like creativity and such as a general feeling of enjoyment are ageless -- the spirit cannot possibly be affected by something like old age. There are many artists, philosophers, and intellectuals who reached their apogee during the last years of their lives, as their age apparently made it possible for them to explore matters that they were interested in more thoroughly.
One of the principal reasons for which people associate a lack of creativity with old age is the fact that most individuals want to retire when they reach a certain age and are no longer able to…… [Read More]
" The differences in these two lines seem to be only a matter of syntax but in actuality, it also differs in the meaning. The King James Bible version makes it seem like the Lord is making the individual do something, as if by force or obligation, while the Puritan version states that the Lord causes the individual to do something, as if out of their own will. This alone relays the message that faith itself is driving the action, not a perceived obligation.
Another distinction between the two translations can be found with the lines "Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life: / and I will dwell in the house of the Lord forever" (King James Bible) and "Goodness and mercy surely shall / all my days follow me. / and in the Lord's house I shall / dwell so long as days…… [Read More]
Erikson Leading in Times of Change
Erikson: Leading In Times Of Change
The Leadership Style of Carl-Henric Svanberg
The leadership style of Carl-Henric Svanberg can be explained in terms of the context of the leadership situation. Svanberg's appointment as CEO of Erikson was an unprecedented move in the history of the company because he was the first CEO to be brought in from outside the industry. This created some discomfort to people within the organization. But most external to the company also felt optimistic about his taking control of the affairs of the company. The company itself was passing through a historic crisis in the form of declining profitability and a shrinking market. Network operators had ceased expanding their infrastructure which was a big blow to the growth Erikson had been experiencing for almost a decade. Svanberg was sensitive to the unique position he and the company were in and…… [Read More]
Blood by Suzan-Lori Sparks expands on the main theme of society's unfair disregard for its people of low condition in general, for women, and for adulterers. Hester La Negrita, the protagonist, is an African-American woman who struggles to survive in poverty along with her five base-born children. The family's outcast status is portrayed as a direct inducer and accelerator of emotional suffering, poverty, lack of education, and sexual exploitation.
(A) From a structural perspective, In the Blood is constructed in two acts and nine scenes, employing a linear plotline (ush, 2005). In this sense, the play debuts with the equilibrium of Hester striving to provide for her children in meager conditions, the inciting incident represented by the suggestion to seek help from the available former lovers and fathers of her children, the major dramatic question of whether or not she will attain it, the developing action as Hester approaches everend…… [Read More]
CULTURAL ISSUES in four texts
Cultural issues usually surface in a multicultural society like that of America's because co-existence of people from various different ethnic backgrounds can lead to undesired and unexpected conflicts. But these issues have also become important for those not living in a multicultural society because of the fact that world is rapidly turning into a global village. The closer the people of the world come, the more cultural issues they are likely to encounter. For this reason, it is important to study the reasons why cultural clashes take place and find out how cultural differences affect our perceptions. The authors of the texts chosen for this paper have skillfully and appropriately highlighted these issues.
Though the stories presented in these sources differ still the one thing that connects them to each other is the fact that they all revolve around cultural clashes resulting from racial, ethnic…… [Read More]
Cooperative Learning or Competitive Interaction.
In my opinion cooperative learning is when a group of people decide to get a certain solution by solving the basic problems together. Competitive learning, I believe is when one depends on one's own abilities and intelligence to get to the desired solution to a problem. This brings out the confidence and the belief in a person that whatever his individual dreams are, can be achieved with determination and enough conviction to go through and pass various hurdles.
A personally have been in both competitive and cooperative circumstances. I have had times when even trying to achieve my own goals, I have had to ask for help from others more capable under those circumstances. And there have been times when I have done on my own that which others could not have achieved without "cooperation." I believe that the environment necessary for healthy learning is…… [Read More]
SPIRITUALITY IN YOUNG CHILDREN'S TEMPERAMENT AND SELF-CONTROL: THE CULTURAL INFLUENCE
The objective of this study is to address the cultural contexts relating to spirituality in young children's temperament and self-control.
Child-Well eing Outcomes
Jesus grew in wisdom
Jesus grew in stature
Jesus grew in grace
Einoth's work entitled "uilding Strong Foundations World Vision's Focus on Early Childhood Development and Child Well-being" published by World Vision 2010 reports that World Visions biblical bases for the definition of Child Well-eing Outcomes is found in the ible in the ook of Luke, Chapter 2, Verse 52 which states "And Jesus grew in wisdom and stature, and in favor (grace) with God and with people'. (2010, p. ix) Einoth states that in the tradition of the Jewish people that the body "is the object of special care because it is God's creation and special gift of grace. Growing in stature implies growing caring for…… [Read More]
Knowledge and truth were considered absolute and immutable by these two, though for very different reasons, which is the complete antithesis to the empirical theories of Popper, Peirce, Kuhn, and James. The progression of knowledge in the face of such certainty could only result in pure growth from previously established claims, as no truth could ever be said to exist that was not thoroughly and absolutely proved by careful extrapolation from a priori conclusions.
Several interesting anthropological occurrences have convinced me that the empirical method, with its possibility for the adjustment of truth based on the framework or paradigm from which the determination of truth is made, is a much better way of understanding truth and the concept of "absolute certainty." Cultures exist that have no concept of, or words for, time. "Yesterday" and "today" are meaningless concepts that do not exist. The extreme difficulty of communication that this presented…… [Read More]
Details about their historical escape from Egypt and their trek to the Promised Land are alluded to from Exodus to Deuteronomy. Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy also touch upon the Israelites' religious duties pertaining to the Sabbath, Passover and other holidays, circumcision, the priesthood, and the various offerings to be made in God's name.
The Pentateuch serves as a wisdom document by revealing the reasons why God favored the Israelites over others. For example in Deuteronomy God explains that the Israelites' righteousness was not the reason for them inheriting the Promised Land; the wickedness of the land's former inhabitants was the actual reason for this inheritance. The wisdom to be found within the Pentateuch can also be seen in the laws that God ordained upon the Israelites such as the Ten Commandments. These laws espouse certain universally accepted doctrines such as the prohibition against stealing and giving false witness.… [Read More]
When philosophers tried to answer the question of Justice, they were probably as perplexed as any person of ordinary wisdom. Cephalus in Plato's times believed that justice meant always returning what one was give. Thrasymachus believed in the concept of might is right and felt justice was law of the stronger. So if that is true, whatever happened to fairness and equality? If strong must always prevail, what chance do the poor and the weak have of ever getting justice.
Once again, Socrates comes to our rescue. The great philosopher felt that justice was a virtue and thus a positive power with the aim of doing some good. This is by the far the most logical definition since it doesn't deny anyone a fair chance of benefiting from the justice system. Justice thus means restoring the rule of universal laws of fairness. It may hurt and cause extreme discomfort to…… [Read More]
Meno begins by asking whether virtue is taught. What reason does Socrates give for not trying to answer this question? (5 marks)
Socrates states that virtue cannot be taught because he does not know what the definition of virtue is (which he says is also true of all people in Athens.)
What, according to Socrates, is wrong with Meno's first attempt (in paragraph 5) to say what virtue is? (5 marks)
The first definition offered by Meno is too scattered. Virtue is defined by Meno as being a variety of qualities for all people. For men, it is managing the city, for women the home, and for children obedience. However, Socrates argues that since all human beings are fundamentally human beings, there should be a singular definition of virtue for all.
Q3. What is Socrates' objection to Meno's second attempt (in paragraph 13) to say what virtue is? (5 marks)…… [Read More]