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usiness of Ethics
The Importance of Ethics in the Global Marketplace
At no time in history has the expression, "It's a small world" been more true than it is today. Television, telephone, the Internet, and high-speed air travel have brought the peoples of the world together in a way in which they never have been before. In an instant, a man in New York can communicate with a colleague in Hong Kong, a woman in Des Moines can watch an unfolding revolution in Southeast Asia, and a student in Seattle can access records at the University of Canberra. Not only have these changes brought us closer together culturally and socially, they have also forged every tighter links among the economies of the world. No longer does an American or a French corporation operate solely within the confines of its own nation. Corporate executives from one country must take into account…
Brasnahan, Jennifer. "For Goodness Sake." Enterprise Magazine. June 15, 1999.
Burke, Frances. "Ethical Decision Making: Global Concerns, Frameworks, and Approaches." Public Personnel Management, Winter '99, Vol. 28, Issue 4, p.529fl. 1999.
Kanchier, Carole. "Knowing Right from Wrong, and Acting On it, Takes Insight." Women Today Magazine. 2002.
Seglin, Jeffrey L. "Employee Behavior Policies." www.BaldridgePlus.comAug.23, 2000.
Ethical and Criminal esponsibility
The employers have ethical obligations to undertake corrective and preventive actions as managers gain awareness of their legal responsibilities. For this reason, the top management should be aware of the reasons for actions and the danger from employees to other people. Under many work laws, employees are proving the counterfactual aspect through instilling affirmative defense. The defenses defeat all forms of employer liability within worker's suits as well as the preclusion of remedies. The reinstatement and front pay is based on the payback periods and other forms of time where employers discover the level of misconduct among employees. The defense pervades work law and other international Labor principles. The federal and state statutes on employment discrimination allow for tort law and state contract to take charge of the compensation statutes used by the various state workers. The legal commentary on human resource management is a critical…
Bertagni, B., Rosa M., & Salvetti F., (2010) Ethics & Business. Sustainability, Social Responsibility and Ethical Instruments. New York: Francoangeli
Callicott, J., (2009) In Defense of the Land Ethic: Essays in Environmental Philosophy. New York: SUNY Press.
Fenn P., Gameson R., (2012) Construction Conflict Management and Resolution. New York: Taylor & Francis
Fewings P., (2008) Ethics for the Built Environment. New York: Taylor & Francis
Exaggeration: A Discussion
A time when I had to exaggerate both my qualifications and my experience in a professional setting was when I was interviewing for a job as the lead manager/writer for an online magazine. It was a very coveted position and there were several rounds of interviews. I had made it to the third and final round of interviews. The bulk of the job would involve writing, editing, reading and assessing the work of other writers on the team, posting their work, finding more appropriate pictures to go with their work and a small part of the job involved video editing and posting. During my final interview, the company representative wanted to know how fluent I was with the a range of video editing software and effects software. I knew that I was really close to getting the job, and I didn’t think that my actual, 100% honest…
Christian, V., & Gumbus, A. (2009). Shades of gray: Applying professional codes of ethics to workplace dilemmas. Organization Management Journal, 6(3), 178-199.
Singh, K. (2012). Developing ethics at the workplace through transformational leadership: A study of business organizations in India.
Using Utilitarianism and Deontology to Resolve an Ethical Dilemma
Ethics are the principles that govern the way people act or decide in a way that can be considered as right or wrong. They are the moral standards in the society that guide the management and employee’s way of thinking when executing the responsibility. They are formulated from decent principles such as honesty, dignity, equality, and fairness. Therefore, any employee or any person in a society is expected to behave in a manner that is consistent with the moral principles and good values as perceived by the organizations and the society. On their day-to-day activities, people encounter situations that test their limits in deciding whether they will engage in an action that will promote a greater good instead of the one that perpetuates selfishness. The decision can go either way depending on the standards set out in the society or a…
Holder, F. (2016). Integrity in business. London: Routledge.
The employee is faced with ethical requirements throughout their workday that must be met with knowledge and a trained attitude. Workplace ethics is one of the most crucial elements whether the person involved in an ethical dilemma is a high-level manager or an entry-level employee. An ethical stance is important because it is what guides the interactions that the employees will have with each other, their management, and the customers that patronize their products. It is also important that the business leaders follow an internal and external ethical stance so that the culture generated within the company is one that promotes positive ethical practices. This paper begins by talking about the way that the business leaders view the external world of ethics through accounting practices and how they deal with other companies. The discussion then moves inside the company and how the management treats its employees. Employee to employee…
Brandt-Rauf, S.I., Brabdt-Rauf, E., Gershon, R., Li, Y., & Brandt-Rauf, P.W. (2011). Genes, jobs, and justice: Occupational medicine physicians and the ethical, legal, and social issues of genetic testing in the workplace. Ethics & Medicine, 27(1), 51-55.
Dinkins, C.S. (2011). Ethics: Beyond patient care practicing empathy in the workplace. Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 16(2), 1-8.
Embse, T.J.V.D., Desai, M.S., & Ofori-Brobbey, K. (2010). A new perspective on ethics safeguards: Where is the clout? SAM Advanced Management Journal, 75(3), 4-13.
Klimek, J., & Wenell, K. (2011). Ethics in accounting: An indispensable course? Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, 15(4), 107-113.
Ethics in the Workplace
Ethics in Workplace
Ethics in relation to the use of Computer technology:
Ethics governing computer technology, the electronic data, personal information, and related situations have been of much debate in the information technology circles. The rules and regulations regarding this 'computer technology' seem to be very loose and flexible, and are often not given much regard. The field is in its adolescence phases and therefore not much has been concretely established relating to the ethical code of conduct relating to it. Since there is no concrete code of conduct, or set of instructions organizations and people tend to perceive ethical conduct each on their own accord. The way ethics related issues are solved differs from one person, organization to another. The difference can be based on external factors like the environment the organization is operating in, the size of the organization, the nature of industry it…
Harrington, S.J., (1996), 'The effect of codes of Ethics and Personal Denial of responsibility on Computer abuse Judgments and Intention', Management Information Systems Quaterly, Volume 20(03), pages 257-278.
Horvath, C.M., (1999), 'Macro and Micro: the emerging field of organizational ethics', The online journal of Ethics, September 17. Accessed on 25th September 2011 from http://www.depaul.edu/ethics/ethgl.html
Paradice, D.B., (1990), 'Ethical Attitudes of entry level Management Information System personnel', Information and Management, Volume 18, pages 143-151.
Pierce, M.A. And Henry, J.W., (2000), 'Judgments about computer Ethics: Do individuals, co-worker, and company judgments differ? Do company codes make a difference?', Journal of Business Ethics, December, Volume 28(04), pages 307-322
At the heart of the matter, the "servant's responsibility is to obey the employer's direction and the employer's responsibility is to pay the agreed-upon wages." (116) The law allows for a step further, adding that agents owe legal duties of "loyalty, trust, obedience, and confidentiality." (116) The hackneyed character to this relationship is undeniable. If the primary responsibility of the worker is to his boss, modern American society would conclude that the principal owes the agent the same respect provided by the Constitution to the citizen in his private life. The rosey pages of the Financial Times and the crinkled sheets of the Wall Street Journal warn of stories where employers have neglected their inherent responsibility to their workers, American to American, and have subjected them to the unfair treatment and ultimate downfall witnessed in the loss of 401k plans in the Enron scandal. Furthermore, employees in the private sector…
ethics in the workplace. In your analysis provide an example of a specific organization that represents a model of ethical (or unethical) conduct.
Current State of thics in the Workplace
thics in the public sector has been a research agenda for decades especially in the public sector. The article "Public thics and the New Managerialism" represents the latest research in the administrative sector. The article features new contributions from leading researchers and addresses both the moral and managerial dimensions of ethics including emerging challenges in administrative positions resulting from issues of globalization. George Frederickson gives academic leadership that is of high quality as expected of him.
The article is based on the expertise of a blend of fresh, seasoned, and accomplished scholars who provide challenging insights of ethics in the public sector. The author has grounded the information in properly established traditions while taking different directions in the industry. The…
Ethics in public organizations is an extremely wide topic. Essentially, ethics is a philosophical branch seeking to address issues of morality. In most public organizations, ethics is used to address the fundamental department of public administration as a public servant sector. This is the moral consideration and justification for actions and decisions made in the process of implementing of day-to-day activities during work to provide the obvious services of nonprofits and public organizations. Ethics is the basis used to scrutinize the degree of accountability of employees in these organizations. In public organizations, decisions are made based on ethical principles, which are viewed by the public as being correct. Such a distinction promotes an organizational culture where administrators have to act on a set of ethical principles by questioning whether those principles are holding on to public scrutiny. These principles have also been used to monitor the conduct of public administrators including their personal lives. Evidently, public organizations strive to create open environments in government operations (Craig, 2006).
Workplace ethics describes the way employees of a company interact with each other and outsiders. In the recent years, managers in organizations have been involved in theft, lying and data manipulation thus costing the organization billions of dollars. Such immoral behaviors called for the implementation of comprehensive workplace ethics. However, up-to-date, it is not yet clear what workplace ethics should be (Craig, 2006).
In my view, the current state of ethics in place may be considered as
The utilitarian perspective focuses on the broad impacts of the actions, rather than just how the actions affect specific individuals (Andre & Velasquez, 2010). From the utilitarian perspective, genetic testing has the potential to do great harm to many, and to benefit many. The utilitarian arithmetic points out that the benefits to the companies in utilizing genetic testing is that profits increase. The argument can also be made that wealthier companies provide more jobs and wealthier insurance companies are better able to pay out to those who do receive payments. The counter to the former point is that this employment is theoretical -- not only may it not occur, but it may not occur in the United States. The counter to the latter is that insurance is largely price inelastic, so there is no improvement in coverage likely from handing more profits to insurance companies.
On the harm side, many…
Therefore, the best way to help employees act ethically is to view the workplace and daily operations as a training ground.
In your estimation why is there a growing need for organizational ethics programs? What are the factors contributing to ethical problems in the global corporate world? What are possible solutions?
The need for organizational ethics program is growing for several reasons. First, organizational ethics have become crucial for companies to avoid legal and financial distress. Second, ethics help businesses run smoothly and well, attracting the best caliber of employee. Ethics programs are important especially in large organizations with a diverse staff. Global and multinational companies will be working with people from around the world, who operate in unique ethical environments. Ethics programs help multinational companies create standards for employees that will help avoid conundrums and miscommunication. Ethics programs bring all employees together on the same page and therefore become…
Interstate -35 West Mississippi River Bridge
The collapse of the Interstate-35 West Mississippi River Bridge, which is also known as Bridge 9340, was one of the most dramatic cases of structural engineering failure in the history of the United States within the past five years. The abrupt collapse of the eight-lane structure in Minneapolis, Minnesota on August 1, 2007, which killed approximately 13 people and injured upwards of over 100 travelers, brought to mind several of the traditional ethical issues of engineering in the workplace as many of the deceased and their loved ones agonized over how such a structural failure could take place. Unfortunately, the bridge had a long history of safety issues dating back to 1990 in which it was determined to be deficient by the federal government. Subsequent reports as recent as 2006 found substantial amounts of cracking and weakening in the girders and approach spans,…
With the Starbucks code of conduct, there are a few goods things. First, it touches on a wide range of subjects. There are actually several different reports such as human rights, social responsibility, health care, animal welfare and supplier code of conduct (Starbucks.com, 2014). Second, I like the fact that it addresses the farmers from whom the company buys its beans -- these are people doing manual labor in hot countries, band often do not receive a living wage. So that is good. Third, I like that the company has targets and tracks some of its social responsibility outcomes. This will help the company to improve its social responsibility performance, as well as its ethical performance.
As for the McDonalds statement the company also reflects social responsibility in its statement. This is something that McDonalds has been forced to address by protests and negative publicity and there isn't any…
McDonalds. (2014). Standards of business conduct for employees. About McDonalds.com. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.aboutmcdonalds.com/mcd/investors/corporate_governance/codes_of_conduct/standards_of_business_conduct.html
Starbucks.com (2014). Starbucks on the issues. Starbucks. Retrieved April 11, 2014 from http://www.starbucks.ca/responsibility/learn-more/policies
Chapter 4: Administrative responsibility: The key to administrative ethics
Administrators are responsible for complying with the law -- and also for complying with the administrative responsibilities. Ethics requires a delicate balancing of objective and subjective responsibilities on the part of administrators. All this is easier said than done, of course. The administrator's role is complicated by a network of often conflicting responsibilities -- responsibilities to his or her own ethics, to immediate superiors, to his or her specific agency, to elected officials who speak for the public, and to the public good (which may not always be fully articulated within the desires of public officials) Furthermore, the law is not always clear-cut but it must be an important cornerstone of administrative policies. Of course, when administrative policies are potentially conflict with the law, an immediate red flag should be raised.
If an administrator does not have the authority to resolve…
Ethics at Apple
Apple has been for some time now the leading manufacturer of innovative wireless technologies, including the iPhone, the iPad, iPods, and Macintosh computers that do more and set the table for other manufacturers to emulate "Mac" innovations. Following the death of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs -- and the emergence of Tim Cook as the new CEO -- the technology media and happy Apple consumers wait for the next launch of an innovative device that will change the way people communicate and retrieve information.
hat are the Apple values and ethics? The "Apple Values" section of the Apple Employee Handbook (circa 1993) sets the record straight on what is expected of employees. In short, Apple asserts that "…we will not compromise our ethics or integrity in the name of profit" (seanet.com). hat Apple does is "…set aggressive goals and drive ourselves hard to achieve them" and "build products"…
Gurman, Mark. (2011). Revealed: Apple's internal policies on employee social networking, speculating on rumors, leaking, blogging, and more. 9to5Mac. Retrieved May 27, 2012,
from http://9to5mac.com .
Mac Observer. (2011). Revealed: 10 big Apple Store secrets. Retrieved May 27, 2012, from http://theweek.com .
Marshall, Gary. (2011). Inside Apple: Cupertino's secrets revealed. Tech Radar. Retrieved May
The author of this report is asked to discuss ethics as it pertains to a topic of the author's choice. The author of this report chooses to discuss the ethics topic of using factories in Asian and surrounding countries like China and Bangladesh with questionable if not outright deplorable labor laws and/or working conditions. The author of this report will now answer five questions surrounding that topic.
Ethics of Using Foreign Countries in Asia to Make United States Goods
The first question asks the author to discuss culture, values, ethics and other such elements that lead to differences in social culture (Hill, 2013). The United States obviously mimicked a lot of Asian countries in terms of working conditions and lack of labor laws and protections until about 1930. Since then, the social safety net and the associated labor and retirement frameworks have been created to help and protect workers…
Hill, C.W. (2013). International business: competing in the global marketplace (9 ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
Reed, S.M., & Bogardus, A.M. (2012). PHR/SPHR Professional in Human Resources certification study guide (4th ed.). Indianapolis, IN: Wiley Pub.
.." And "The probability that my peers would undertake the same action is...." It is the difference in the responses given to these two questions, as captured on a seven point Likert scale, that is the measure of the social desirability response bias. (Tyson: 1992; Cohen et al.: 1995, 1996, 2001).
Many studies have been done on the role and correlation between moral development and ethical decision making as it applies to various professionals. A majority of these research studies have found that such things as gender, education, age and taking ethics courses in school have some affect on one's moral reasoning developments (Armstrong: 1993; Elm, Kennedy & Lawton: 2001; Jones & Hiltebeitel: 1995; Ponemon & Glazer: 1990; Shaub: 1994). However, many studies have also found exactly the opposite, in that no significant relationship exists. (Ma & Chan: 1987; Rogers & Smith: 2001; Thorne, Massey & Magnan: 2003).
Weber, J., & Glyptis, S.M. (2000). Measuring the impact of a business ethics course and community service experience on students' values and opinions. Teaching Business Ethics, 4, 341-358.
Weber, J., & Green, S. (1991). Principled Moral Reasoning: Is it a Viable Approach to Promote Ethical Integrity? Journal of Business Ethics, 10(5), 325-333.
Wynd, W.R., & Mager, J. (1989). The business and society course: Does it change student attitudes? Journal of Business Ethics, 8(6), 486-491.
Ethics and Corporate esponsibility
The following will be an assessment of firm referred to as PharmaCAE. The assessment will concentrate on the idea of companies that have encountered negative outcomes as a result of company business activities. CECLA (Comprehensive Environmental esponse, Compensation, and Liability Act) will be brought up in this assessment in addition to other environmental safeguarding proposals and human social theories in regards to environmental and work ethics.
A new initiative, We CAE about YOU world, was recently initiated by PharmaCAE, declaring its dedication to the environment via modifications in packaging, recycling, and other green programs. This was possible in spite of the fact that the firm's lobbying attempts and PAC have effectively conquered environmental policies, such as the broadening of the Superfund tax that was established by Comprehensive Environmental esponse, Compensation, and Liability Act (CECLA). Situated in New Jersey, PharmaCAE sustains a huge production facility in the…
Animal Ethics. Virtue ethics and care ethics - Animal Ethics. Retrieved August 9, 2015, from http://www.animal-ethics.org/virtue-ethics-care-ethics/
Berger, J. (2010, December 25). Fox News - Breaking News Updates | Latest News Headlines | Photos & News Videos. Obama's Reversal on 'Indigenous Peoples' Rights Stirs Concern Over Legal Claims | Fox News. Retrieved August 4, 2015, from http://www.foxnews.com/politics/2010/12/24/obama-reversal-indigenous-peoples-stirs-concern-legal-claims/
Calman. (2004). Teaching and learning ethics Evolutionary ethics: can values change. Journal of Medical Ethics, 30, 366-370. Retrieved, from http://jme.bmj.com/content/30/4/366.full
Difference Between Similar Terms and Things. Difference Between Utilitarianism and Deontology | Difference Between | Utilitarianism vs. Deontology. Retrieved August 9, 2015, from http://www.differencebetween.net/science/health/difference-between-utilitarianism-and-deontology/
c. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is the right thing to do. Duty-based ethics
d. I believe people should be able to eat sand because it is good for one's health. Virtue ethics
e. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they decide they want to, regardless of whether it is someone else's sand. Entitlement-based ethics
f. I believe people should be able to eat sand if they want to because they are free to make the decision themselves. ights-based ethics
g. I believe I will eat sand because it is the standard meal for my community. elativistic ethics
Q4. Duty-based ethics: It is my duty to follow through with instructions my boss gives me, even if I do not agree with the concept. It is my moral obligation to respect authority figures.
Consequence-based ethics: Even though some employees…
Trevino, L.K., & Nelson, K.A. (2007). Managing business ethics: Straight talk about how to do it right (4th Ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.
The simulation presents some of the ethical issues involved in selling a product overseas. Safety standards are one of the key issues that was raised in the simulation, in particular the question of how to deal in countries that have lower safety standards than our own. This ties into the broader issue of how we should apply our own ethical lens to foreign cultures and countries in general.
To address these issues, I used the Baird Decision Making Model. This model analyzes ethical issues from four lenses: the rights and responsibilities lens, the results lens, the relationship lens and the reputation lens (Melingagio, n.d.). Taking this approach allowed me to see the situation from a number of different perspectives. One of the reasons why ethical dilemmas are so difficult is because there are usually at least two solutions, but those are mutually exclusive to one another (McConnell, 2010).…
Ethics Must Be Global Not Local
Ethics Must Be Global, Not Local
International Business equirements
Global Business Ethics
The large business units expand their operations in global markets through their own presence as well as franchising and distributors. The business operations are expanded on the basis of various standard practices. The business freedom provided by countries and various global practices are utilized as a basis for taking global operational decisions. The business also encounters various legal, operational, and ethical issues related to the local market. However in order to expand business beyond borders and physical boundaries of countries it is required to maintain a degree of uniformity in products and ethical practices followed throughout the manufacturing processes. It is advised to understand various aspects of international business requirements, global operations, ethical practices, and recommendations to assert a standard for global ethical business operations.
International Business equirements:
Beer, L.A. (2010). A Strategic and Tactical Approach to Global Business Ethics. USA: Momentum Press.
Ferrell, O.C., Fraedrich, J., & Ferrell, L. (2012). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases. USA: South-Western Pub.
George, B. (2008, February 12). Ethics must be global, not local. Bloomberg BusinessWeek, Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2008-02-12/ethics-must-be-global-not-localbusinessweek-business-news-stock-market-and-financial-advice
Martens, P., Akin, S.-M., Maud, H., & Mohsin, R. (2010). Is globalization healthy: a statistical indicator analysis of the impacts of globalization on health.Globalization and Health, 6(1), 16.
Ethics of Accommodating Religion
As the diversity within businesses increases at an alarming pace with the entire world transforming into a global village, employers, employees and legislators are all concerned about accommodating religious beliefs and observances. ith the signing of Title VII that permits employees to observe the tenets of their religion at workplace, employers are planning how to obey the laws and utilize the religious accommodation as a growing strength for their profitable businesses. This research paper addresses the most debatable issue of accommodating religious beliefs in commercial, professional and industrial dealings. Furthermore, the paper will outline the ways in which religious accommodation can be made possible and positive for both employees and the employers. The paper will also highlight the implication of religious accommodation in the workplace and will present the future direction.
Ethics of accommodating religion
The reason for being at work is to perform a job.…
Murphy H., Hildebrandt W. & Thomas J., Effective Business Communications, Seventh Edition, McGraw Hill Publishers, ISBN: 0-07-114507-9
Mallory M. Balancing faith with work Employees, firms must weigh beliefs vs. offending others., The Atlanta Journal and Constitution, 04-08-2001,-Page: R1.
Religion in the workplace: liabilities and opportunities. Available at: http://www.orcinc.com/readroom/WI-12.pdf (November 15, 2002)
Lynn J., Your Business: Management. Vol. 27, Entrepreneur Magazine, 08-01-1999, Pages: 69-71
(Southwest Airlines Corporation)
The employees are always put first at Southwest Airlines, and according to the CEO Herb Kelleher, who was responsible for founding the company Southwest Airlines, the philosophy that employees come first is deeply embedded in the psyche of the company, and if the employees of the company are happy and contented and fully satisfied with their work, then they will most definitely take better care of the customers of the company, and this is exactly what happens at Southwest Airlines. When the customers are happy at the treatment that they receive at Southwest Airlines, they, quite naturally keep coming back for more, and this in turn makes the shareholders extremely happy and satisfied. The employees at Southwest Airlines are some of the best and most highly paid employees of any airline, and in general, all the walls of the company are always filled with several pictures of…
Abenes, Fiorello B. "Marketing Study of Southwest Airlines" Retrieved at http://www.csupomona.edu/~lbabenes/MBA/SouthwestMarketingStrategies.doc. Accessed 30 August, 2005
Aviation Accident Brief" (2002) Retrieved at http://www.ntsb.gov/publictn/2002/AAB0204.htm . Accessed 30 August, 2005
100 Best Corporate Citizens for the year 2005" (Spring 2005) Business Ethics Magazine.
Retrieved at http://www.business-ethics.com/whats_new/100best.html . Accessed 29 August, 2005
The requirement of signing the code is one of the best ways to implement it because there is then proof that all employees have received it. It is important, however, to hold an employee meeting and go over the code of ethics so that employees can ask questions, clear up any concerns, and make sure that they understand the code. If the business has individuals working there that do not have English as their first language, printing copies of the code in other languages to accommodate employees will help these employees understand the code and will also show that the employer made the best and most thorough effort to ensure that everything was understood by everyone. Implementing a code of ethics is not easy, and people sometimes forget to follow the rules, so there also needs to be some leniency in the beginning, depending on the infraction that was committed.…
Bethel, SM. (1999 December) Decisions, Decisions, Decisions. Food Management. (December, 1999). Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m0BGE/12_34/58544732/p1/article.jhtml?term=%22organizational+behavior%22+and+%22decision+making%22 .
Eisenhardt, KM. (1999 Spring) Strategy as strategic decision making. Sloan Management Review. Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m4385/3_40/54636302/p1/article.jhtml?term=%22organizational+behavior%22+and+%22decision+making%22 .
Pelled, LH., Eisenhardt, KM., & Xin, KR. (1999 March) Exploring the black box: an analysis of work group diversity, conflict, and performance. Administrative Science Quarterly Retrieved at http://www.findarticles.com/cf_0/m4035/1_44/54482491/p1/article.jhtml?term=%22organizational+behavior%22+and+%22conflict%22+and+%22decision+making%22 .
Most of us have experienced a few common workplace dilemmas in our careers. I work for a Defense Contractor in the IT security field, and I state that my experience is no different. These dilemmas can range from personal value dilemmas to substantial dilemmas, such as legal issues. Most of these internal conflicts center on issues such as office gossip, negativity, or bullying. Ones that are more serious involve violence or sexual assault. In my experience, I have seen colleagues experience some of these dilemmas, and they have affected their careers very much. However, in this discussion I would like to focus on a specific dilemma that few speak about but that many think about daily: the boss who sabotages your career.
This dilemma simply means that even though a boss may not appear to be "out to get you," so to speak, he or she…
Ethics in Policing
It is crucial for organizations to clearly define ethics and ethical behaviors in the workplace and to also clearly tell its employees what constitutes unethical behavior (oufa, 2016). There is a strong push to uphold the high ethical standards set for the law enforcement community. However, without clear definition of those ethical standards, such efforts would likely not achieve any significant results.
Our understanding of ethics and ethical conduct is based on our personal and societal values. Personal values are those which are based on our personal experiences, religious beliefs, ethnic and cultural backgrounds. These values are unique to every person, which means they are not the best values to inform our professional conduct. Other values, however, are dear to the entire societies or groups. They are derived from the groups' history and understanding of ethical behavior. This is the proper platform on which to base professional…
Davis, W. A. (2014). Examining Student Perceptions: Ethics and Misconduct in Today's Police Department. The Aquila Digital Community. Retrieved from http://aquila.usm.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1038&context=masters_theses
Roufa, T. (2016, October 12). Ethics in Law Enforcement and Policing. Retrieved from The Balance: https://www.thebalance.com/ethics-in-law-enforcement-and-policing-974542
Stephens, D. W. (2011, June). Police Discipline: A Case for Change. Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice: https://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/234052.pdf
United States Attorney's Office District of Connecticut. (2014, January 23). Former East Haven Police Officer Sentenced To Five Years In Prison For Criminal Civil Rights Violations. Retrieved from The United States Department of Justice: https://www.justice.gov/usao-ct/pr/former-east-haven-police-officer-sentenced-five-years-prison-criminal-civil-rights
The CDM is meant to award the developers 'credits' for supporting projects in developing countries which avoid greenhouse gas emissions (Joy, 2000). Provided that these credits can be bought and sold, effectively the price of the project is decreased. It has been anticipated that this may decrease the price of nuclear plants by as much as 20 or 30 per cent. On the other hand it was decided, after pressure from the EU, that nuclear projects should not be eligible for CDM credits, with opponents to nuclear inclusion arguing that it was not a clean, safe or sustainable option, nor a useful tool for economic development, at the reconvened Conference of Parties to the Kyoto agreement held in Bonn in 2001 (Ferguson, 2010).
Despite the fact that there are some scenarios for a nuclear revitalization in estern countries, this does not appear probable to be on a big level, and…
Martin, M.W. And Schinzinger, R. Ethics in Engineering, 2d Edition, McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008.
Brantley, C.J. Survey of Ethics Code Provisions by Subject-Matter Area, American Association of Engineering Societies, Washington, D.C., 2009.
Doyle, Thomas E. The Moral Implications of the Subversion of the Nonproliferation Treaty Regime, Ethics and Global Politics 2, no. 2. 2009.
Ferguson, Charles D. The Long Road to Zero: Overcoming the Obstacles to a Nuclear-Free World, Foreign Affairs 89, no. 1. January/February 2010.
Finally, any company materials including but not limited to design blueprints will be considered intellectual property.
Privacy: We believe that privacy is a fundamental human right as well as a legal right. Therefore, we assure our employees that their personal information will be kept confidential and will not, except under obligation to a court of law, divulge any personal information about any of our employees. Similarly, we expect that our employees and management personnel to respect the privacy of their coworker. Employees are forbidden from divulging the personal information of any member of the organization to the media without prior written consent or legal assent. Any complaints regarding issues related to privacy can be taken up with management.
Information Technology: The information technology infrastructure in our organization was established and is paid for and maintained by the organization. Therefore, we will limit the use of all the organization's information technology…
In the incipient stages, change causes reticence and this reticence is mostly obvious in the case of the more mature group of employees. While the younger staff members are more opened to change and will embrace it as a new career opportunity, the older population is simply looking to perform its current tasks into retirement. When reticence occurs among the younger population, it can be reduced through change management programs. The reticence of the more mature population cannot however be reduced as it a deep rooted within the individuals.
A second impact, obvious at the level of all employee groups, is that of strain creation. Fedir and Herold argue that organizational change creates two sets of strains. The first set is given by the possibility for the change to modify the job specifics. In other words, the employee is worried that modifications would be incurred in the way in which…
Barnett, W.P., Carroll, G.R., 1995, Modeling Internal Organizational Change, Annual Review of Sociology
Dawson, P., 2003, Understanding Organizational Change: The Contemporary Experience of People at Work, SAGE
Eric, P., 2008, Definition of Organizational Change, Associated Content, http://www.associatedcontent.com/article/1051603/the_definition_of_organizational_change.html?cat=46 last accessed on June 3, 2010
Fedor, D.B., Herold, D.M., Effects of Change Management on Employee Responses: An Overview of Results from Multiple Studies, CPBIS, http://www.cpbis.gatech.edu/files/papers/CPBIS-WP-04-02%20Herold_Fedor_Change%20Management%20Fall%202004.pdf last accessed on June 3, 2010
Any kind of other personal information that is collected will be securely stored and monitored by the Chief Investigator. ("Information Privacy Principals," 2010)
5.2 Give details of the arrangements that have been made for the safe storage of the data and also the measures, which will be adopted to protect confidential records about research participants?
(a) During the study. All data will be securely stored under lock and key.
(b) After the study. All data will be stored under lock and key. The Chief Investigator will be the only person who is allowed access to the information.
5.3 How will confidential records be destroyed after the study is complete?
5.4 Will anyone else, apart from the Chief Investigators, have access to confidential records or human tissue samples?
Yes [ ] No [x]
5.5 May any party, other than investigators claim ownership of the materials or results derived from the…
The Economic Impact of the Achievement Gap. (2009). McKinesy & Company. Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.com/app_media/images/page_images/offices/socialsector/pdf/achievement_gap_report.pdf
Information Privacy Principals. (2010). Office of Victorian Privacy Commissioner. Retrieved from: http://www.privacy.vic.gov.au/privacy/web.nsf/content/information+privacy+principles
MP Ignores the Job Needs of the Less Educated. (2010, July). Sydney Mourning Herald. Retrieved from http://www.smh.com.au/opinion/politics/mps-ignore-job-needs-of-the-less-educated-20100719-10hr1.html
National Agenda for a Multicultural Australia. (2010). Department of Immigration and Citizenship. Retrieved from http://www.immi.gov.au/media/publications/multicultural/agenda/agenda89/australi.htm
Policies are becoming commonplace as a result. The paradox of e-mail and Internet monitoring within corporations is on the one hand anchored by the many legal precedents of corporations being held liable for their employee's illegal activity (Wakefield, 2004) yet too much constraints on this and other forms of communication directly impact their performance and morale. Intermediating these two extremes is the role of education to provide the necessary insights into why specific safeguards are critical for ensuring the corporation does not inadvertently expose itself to legal risks by being too loose with policies yet concentrating enough on privacy and ethicacy issues of employees so as not to hinder their productivity and ownership of their jobs. Balancing the rights of any corporation to monitor e-mail traffic needs to be balanced against the rights of individuals to privacy.
obin L. Wakefield (2004). Computer Monitoring and Surveillance. The CPA Journal, 74(7), 52-55.…
Robin L. Wakefield (2004). Computer Monitoring and Surveillance. The CPA Journal, 74(7), 52-55. Retrieved February 27, 2009, from ABI/INFORM Global database. (Document ID: 663573171).
The board is intended to be an agent for the shareholders, yet the agency problem results when the interests of the board are more closely aligned with management. This renders the board to be more sympathetic to management, even if that comes at the expense of stringent governance and dedication to protecting the interest of the shareholders.
3) the most important of the privacy guidelines in obtaining consent. The employee-employer relationship should be based on trust and that trust must work both ways. The employer wants to gather information to protect itself, but the employee should also be protected. By giving the employee the choice to give or not give consent, trust is built. The second most important is to respect the boundary between work and home. Employees are paid for on-the-job performance, and should therefore be evaluated on the same basis. The employer should respect that they merely hire…
Unfortunately, this meant that mortgage lenders no longer had to worry at all about whether or not their borrowers were good or bad risks, since their mortgage debts were sold off to other institutions. That situation triggered widespread ethical violations throughout the mortgage lending industry because lenders now profited whether or not borrowers defaulted on their loans and because property brokers began colluding with unqualified borrowers by helping them apply for mortgages they could never afford to pay off. Eventually, many of them defaulted triggering the collapse of all of the mortgage-backed securities that had been sold and invested into large pension funds and other complex securities (Phillips, 2008).
Another example of unethical conduct pertains to the continual ability of health insurance industry lobbyists to promote political opposition to necessary healthcare reform throughout the period preceding its eventual passing in 2009 (Kennedy, 2006; eid, 2009). Specifically, large health insurance companies…
Halbert, T. And Ingulli, E. (2008). Law & Ethics in the Business Environment.
Cincinnati: West Legal Studies.
Kennedy, E. (2006). America: Back on Track. Viking: New York.
Phillips, K. (2008). Bad Money: Reckless Finance, Failed Politics, and the Global Crisis
e. By quitting or staging a work slow down. Employers must treat their employees properly or they will gain a reputation for mistreatment, a notoriety that will likely cause severe damage to their businesses as they will be unable to hire and retain qualified workers. Lastly, by perennially facing the threat of termination if they do not prove themselves worthy of employment, workers actually hone their employment skills. The "arbitrariness" of the relationship raises the emphasis on skill and devotion to duty. In Epstein's example, workers do not commonly hold two or more jobs because most individuals are incapable of properly performing so much work at the same time.
Their devotion to one, or at most two, jobs must be recognized and rewarded by their employers who must pay them more, give them greater benefits, and so forth..
In many ways, the argument of public vs. private good is a…
Epstein, Richard a. "In Defense of the Contract at Will." University of Chicago Law Review 34. 1984.
Werhane, Patricia J. And Radin, Tara J. "Employment at Will and Due Process." Ethical Treatment of Employees, 266. 1995.
Richard a. Epstein, "In Defense of the Contract at Will," University of Chicago Law Review 34, 275, 1984.
Patricia J. Werhane and Tara J. Radin, "Employment at Will and Due Process," Ethical Treatment of Employees, 266, 1995.
Furthermore, resentment could be cultivated in society as a whole, as some may feel that they are deprived of the opportunities that minority groups have been receiving with almost no effort at all.
In conclusion, therefore, while I believe that it is necessary to redress inequality issues, I also believe that the way in which this is currently done results only in more discrimination, resentment and bitterness. Instead, I think that the workplace should be entirely free of bias, resorting only to merit and education level when hiring new employees. Only in this way will people be encouraged to make their best effort in education and also in the workplace. I do not think that people should be hired with any consideration for skin color or any other issues related to race. The workplace should be populated with the best in the market, regardless of race.
My solution has the potential benefits including the following. First, our hospital would be hailed as a progressive institution that serves all members of its community. Second, our hospital would benefit from improved quality of care. As a family nurse practitioner, I value the holistic approach to nursing. All aspects of the patient's life are taken into consideration. Other benefits more directly impact the patient's outcomes, and also workplace morale. As Oberle & Hughes (2008) point out, "administrators should provide opportunities for discourse to help staff reduce moral distress and generate creative strategies for dealing with this," (p. 707). Finally, benefits include ascription to the most fundamental of tenets of nursing. The American Nurses Association (2010) states that humanist, feminist, and social ethics should at all times be adhered to in the advanced nursing practice. The only costs associated with my solution would be the time and energy spent convincing…
American Nurses Association (2010). Code of Ethics for Nurses. Silver Spring: ANA.
Kaplan, C. (n.d.). Ethical dilemmas. Advance Healthcare Network. Retrieved online: http://nurse-practitioners-and-physician-assistants.advanceweb.com/article/ethical-dilemmas-2.aspx
Oberle, K. & Hughes, D. (2008). Doctors' and nurses' perceptions of ethical problems in end-of-life decisions. JAN 33(6): 707-715.
However, while there are investors willing to invest on the profitability of gambling on the Internet, there are still many investors that are reluctant to pursue an investment on online gambling because of the financial insecurity of these sites. These gambling sites are also known and are purportedly practicing "illegal transactions," since online gambling in the U.S. is prohibited. The lack of confidence in investing on online gambling and insecurity of the financial channels and transactions of these sites stem from the fact that "[t]here is also a question mark over whether U.S. banks and financial services businesses which process online gambling transactions are in breach of law" (egum, 2005:13).
However, the question of the legality of these online gambling sites are being put into scrutiny. U.S. legislation has decided to deregulate online gambling through the 1961 Wire Act, with an updated version through the proposed bill Unlawful Internet Gambling…
Armitt, C. (2005). "One in three UK Internet users visited gambling sites in April." New Media Age.
Begum, H. (2005). "Wall Street banks shun online gaming floats." Lawyer, Vol. 19, Issue 35.
Chesler, C. (2006). "Taking a Gamble." Investment Dealer's Digest, Vol. 72, Issue 23.
Dudley, D. (2004). "Portals increase pressure to stop underage gambling." New Media Age.
This effects productivity which complicates matters even further as it pertains to cleaning up the spill. In addition the company is affected by the public's external perception of the company. Some people have chosen to boycott the company as a result of their actions and how those actions have affected the way of life for an entire region of the country. Ultimately this will greatly impact the company's bottom line and its ability to function.
Technology to perform human resources functions
Technology is now vital to human resources functions because of the increased use of the internet to recruit potential employees. As was mentioned previously human resource managers now use the internet to screen potential employees to ensure that their actions are not in conflict with the established standards of the company. In addition some human resource managers monitor the social networking sites even after an employee has been hired.…
"Ethics and Technology." Retrieved from http: / / www.associatedcontent.com / article / 378805/organizational_philosophies_and_technology_pg2.html?cat=3
Ragins, B. R, Kram K.E. (2007) the handbook of mentoring at work: theory, research, and practice. Sage Publishing
Rosenblum, D. (2007) What Anyone Can Know. IEEE Security & Privacy, 5 (3), 40-49
Men and women who work directly with each other often get hung up on communication issues, particularly over concerns that entail authority, support, and the supervision of others. This happens due to the fact that the sexes have different methods of communicating. They call for achievement and guidance in a different ways. Their spoken answers and moments are often dissimilar. And they have diverse approaches for articulating workplace burdens. The consequence of this can be mistakes. In the end this leads to a lot of cross talk. Presently, almost half of all privately held companies are 50% or more owned by women. This translates to there being 11 million private ventures at which women owners must converse their objectives and operational needs to both male and female clients, merchants, associates and employees. Women have to appreciate how men talk during business, and the other way around as well (Krotz, 2010).…
Business Conversation Etiquette. (2010). Retrieved September 15, 2010, from Work Etiquette
Web site: http://www.worketiquette.co.uk/business-conversation-etiquette.html
How to Have a Business Conversation. (2010). Retrieved September 15, 2010, from eHow Web
Also, there would be no related resentment issues in terms of Paula's additional training or supervision responsibilities. In terms of the employee viewpoint, this solution would probably be easier for George to implement, as only Paula's potential resentment will have to be handled, rather than the resentment of multiple employees.
In addition to a penalty system, it could also be a good idea to implement a reward system for excellence in performance. This would encourage employees to perform to the best of their ability while reducing any resentment as related to race or unfair treatment.
Although more costly in terms of financial investment, the solution of transport is chosen as the best option in terms of the least disruption. Furthermore, the advantage is that the transport solution can be implemented for other workers who also face Paula's situation. This would improve the company's image as one that is concerned…
BusinessTown.com. (2003). Problem Employees: Tardiness. Retrieved from http://www.businesstown.com/people/employees-tardy.asp
Hicks, Tim. (2010). Seven Steps for Effective Problem Solving in the Workplace. Retrieved from http://www.mediate.com/articles/thicks.cfm
Stern, Gary M. (2010). Dealing with the Chronically Lat Employee. Penton Media, Inc., Retrieved from http://smallbusinessreview.com/human_resources/dealing-with-tardiness/
Before I embarked upon my study at the University of Phoenix, I found myself embroiled in a rather uncomfortable, albeit unspoken workplace conflict of professional ethics and personalities. A member of my office, who I will call a Ms. X, often used the workspace and place time to conduct her personal business. Frequently, my own nearby work was interrupted by her loud comments, as she discussed her various personal affairs and her out-of-work part time business dealings (she frequently sold products through the Internet, as well as worked in my place of employment, I gathered) and made it very clear, to me, as well as to other members of company staff that often her life outside the office took up a great deal of her paid work time.
As I was not her immediate supervisor, at first I thought this was none of my business. I tried to…
"Ethics Glossary." (2005) The Ethics Site. http://ethics.acusd.edu/LMH/E2/Glossary.html. [11 Feb 2005]
Nurturing Ethical Diverse Workplace Building Trust Workplace for assignment read required readings ethics module, including 2010 Deloitte LLP Ethics & Workplace Survey ( http://www.
Workplace Diversity Ethics
The productivity and ethics within the workplace environment are significantly influenced by leadership transparency. This issue has been revealed by studies on human resources in several companies. There are several types of leadership, like autocratic, democratic, transformational, transactional laissez-faire leadership and others. Each of these leadership styles has its advantages and disadvantages, and each of them can be successfully used in a certain type of organization. But transparent leadership is much more than a leadership style.
Transparency in leadership does not limit to the transparency of communication. Transparent leaders have been observed to focus on the facts, in comparison with finding someone to put the blame on. This means that these leaders are interesting in understanding the reasons that determine certain situations in…
1. Henry, M. (2012). Transparency and Leadership. Lead Change Group. Retrieved March 13, 2013 from http://leadchangegroup.com/transparency-and-leadership/ .
2. Pearce, C. et al. (2009). Is Shared Leadership the Key to Team Success. Organizational Dynamics. Retrieved march 13, 2013 from http://cte.rockhurst.edu/s/945/images/editor_documents/PEARCE%20MANZ%20SIMS%20%20%20Shared%20Ledership.pdf .
ethical issue concerned an otherwise reliable employee displaying signs of troublesome behavior, as well as unethical financial and personal practices. This included drunkenness, fighting during off-base time, financial indiscretion relating to workplace funds, and a number of occasions of tardiness.
The persons involved included Staff Sergeant (SSgt) Pat Jones, newly appointed at Davis Monthan Air Force Base, Tucson, Arizona, and I, Technical Sergeant Smith. Our relationship was that of supervisor and subordinate: I was SSgt Jones's supervisor, and also became a friend to him as our working relationship progressed. He impressed me with his enthusiasm and the excellence of his work ethic.
In terms of power and authority, I have a position of power relative SSgt Jones, as I am his supervisor. I therefore have considerable authority over him, as I am responsible for helping him maintain his work ethic and supervise his behavior at all times. I am also…
An ethical issue refers to a situation whereby an organization is required to choose amongst alternatives that must be evaluated as either wrong or right. For example, an ethical issue arises when a business company opts to make as much profit while pollution the environment, the dilemma here being the regulation and social consequences. The company management may opt to bribing the regulation implementing organization as long as they continue making short-term profits before the law catches up with them, by then they may be forced to attire with the rule or shut down but they will have made as much finances than when they may have started and the consequences on the social life will have reached the stage where it affects their health and made the environment unbearable. The principle of autonomy; which requires individuals to be left on their own independence to conduct their activities,…
Andrew, J. (2008). Utilitarianism and deontology theories. New York: John and sons ltd.
Ferrell, O.C., & Fraedrich, J. (2012). Business Ethics: Ethical Decision Making & Cases. Salt Lake: Cengage Learning.
Joanne, B. (2010). Ethics and Business success. Mexico: Greenwood press.
John, K., & Berlyn, M. (2009). Assessing the effectiveness of decision making models. Normative and rationale models, 15 (14), 319-325.
This paper focuses on questions of ethics and unethical behavior in the workplace. It discusses what leaders can do to better create an ethical environment in which people are respected and ethical values are promoted. It provides some examples from the real world of what happens when organizations fail to act ethically, and it also examines some of the problems that led to the disaster that was the 2007-2008 economic collapse. Ethical principles such as utilitarianism and virtue ethics are explained in connection with these discussions. The issues of diversity and discrimination are evaluated at length, and the issue of corporate sponsored volunteer programs is discussed as well.
Keywords: ethics, workplace ethics, leadership ethics, organizational ethics
Some of the most common forms of unethical behavior in our workforce today consist of misuse of company funds, misuse of company time, fraudulent activity, and lying. There are many different examples…
ethical issue of outsourcing, or sending jobs overseas, and its affects on the world economy and cultures. Outsourcing has become a very common practice in the 21st century. Outsourcing is quite simply the practice of sending jobs to remote call centers and other locations in foreign countries, while eliminating jobs in the United States. The ethical issues surrounding outsourcing and the resulting globalization are complex, and pose risks and consequences for the companies who choose to outsource.
Globalization has created the ability for employers to hire and train workers around the globe, often at extremely reduced salaries and benefit levels, thus saving the employer thousands and even millions of dollars. The practice is so widespread that many financial institutions routinely send data to overseas locations, income taxes are prepared in India and sent to customers remotely, and medical records are interpreted by workers clear across the globe. The ethics and…
Breslin, D.A. (1999). On the ethics of outsourcing. Retrieved 1 Oct. 2009 from the Defense Acquisition University Web site: http://www.dau.mil/pubs/pm/pmpdf99/breslind.pdf . 24-27.
Kline, J.M. (2005). Ethics for international business: Decision making in a global political economy. London: Routledge.
Shamis, G.S., Green, M.C., Sorensen, S.M., & Kyle, D.L. (2005). Outsourcing, offshoring, nearshoring: What to do? Journal of Accountancy, 199(6), 57+.
In 1997, numerous key educational institutions including the AASA (American Association of School Administrators); ASCD (the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development), NAESP (the National Association of Elementary School Principals), and the NASSP (National Association of Secondary School Principals) worked in the auspices of ISLLC, funded by the CCSSO (Council of Chief State School Officers), to increase educational management standards. The National Policy Board for Educational Administration used the ISLLC principles for accreditation, efficiently holding educational administrative training programs accountable for not only creating pre-service instructive leaders' knowledge of moral concepts and structures but also for budding their capability to apply such ideas and structures to make moral decisions that would optimistically affect the experiences of pupils. This is in line with the fifth criterion deals with morals, saying that "a school superintendent is an educational organizer who promotes the achievement of all pupils by acting with honesty, justice, and…
Avolio, B.J., Walumbwa, F.O., & Weber, T.J. (2009). Leadership: Current theories, research, and future directions. Annual Review of Psychology, 60, 421-449.
Blanchard, K. And Hodges, P. (2003). Servant leadership. Nashville, TN Thomas Nelson.
Farling, M.L., Stone, A.G., & Winston, B.E. (1999). Servant leadership: Setting the stage for empirical research. Journal of Leadership Studies, 6(1-2), 49-72.
Fullan, M. (2003). The moral imperative of school leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
Ethics Awareness Inventory Ethical Choices Workplace assessments assess values. Write a paper 700 words
Ethics and social responsibility play a key role in the development of a strategic plan for organizations within today's contemporary global economy. In fact, these two considerations also greatly relate to addressing the needs of stakeholders for organizations. The primary way in which social responsibility and ethics directly impact the cultivation of a strategic plan for enterprises today is in helping to determine the methods by which they go about achieving their objectives. The specific business objectives of an organization will relate to its industry. However, the way that an organization attempts to fulfill those objectives is largely determined by the code of ethics it embraces. Additionally, more and more organizations are realizing that they have a responsibility to society at large to not only attain their own ends, but also to protect the interests of…
Home Depot Corporate. (2006). Our company values. https://corporate.homedepot.com Retrieved from
That ethics has become so controversial reflects the individual nature of ethics. Each individual choice is imbued with certain ethical assumptions, but those assumptions will vary from person to person. Only when those assumptions are shared by a large enough segment of society do they become norms. For the individual, the choice often becomes the decision between one's personal code of ethics and that of society as a whole.
Even the way ethics are measured is controversial. Some measure ethics based on outcomes, a school known as consequentialism; others measure ethics based on the decision itself, regardless of outcome. This is the deontological school of ethics. Our legal system is based mainly on deontological ethics, yet our laws do not cover the full gamut of deontological ethical violations.
hile ethics in business and among politicians grab headlines, ethical dilemmas touch every aspect of society. ithin economics, for example, significant controversy…
Cohen, Randy. (2003). The Way We Live Now. New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9905E2DF163DF93BA1575AC0A9659C8B63
Winters, Rebecca. (2005). Harvard's Crimson Face. Time Magazine. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1019829,00.html
Piller, Charles. (2005). Researchers Admit to Lapses in Ethics. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://articles.latimes.com/2005/jun/09/science/sci-research9
Smith, Lynn. (2002). Are Women Indeed the Fairer Sex? Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2009 at http://articles.latimes.com/2002/jun/28/news/lv-women28
Sociology: Ethics and esponsibility
The Humane Society is a non-profit organization that was established in 1954; their goal is to develop a world that is kind and sustainable for animals and humans together (humanesociety.org). The mission of the Humane Society is to protect animals from exploitation, brutality and abandonment; according to their official website, "We work to reduce suffering and to create meaningful social change for animals by advocating for sensible public policies, investigating cruelty and working to enforce existing laws, educating the public about animal issues, joining with corporations on behalf of animal-friendly policies, and conducting hands-on programs that make ours a more humane world" (Humanesociety.org) The organization prides itself on the celebration of pets, wildlife and the ecosystems that support them as well as the adoption of shelter animals (Humanesociety.org).
Ethics and responsibility pervade this organization and shape and guide nearly everything they do as the work of…
Cooper, T. (2012). The Responsible Administrator. San Francisco: John Wiley.
Utm.edu/ethics. (2009, May 10). Ethics. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from Internet Encyclopedia:
Utm.edu/resp. (2009, march 9). Responsibility. Retrieved June 6, 2012, from Internet
The activities of businesses affect different stakeholders within the communities they operate in. They affect customers, employees, shareholders, suppliers, financiers, regulatory authorities, and communities. Accordingly, in their pursuit of economic objectives, business organizations have a responsibility to satisfy the concerns of stakeholders affected by their operations. This is the core of corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR theory asserts that business organizations exist for not only profit motives, but also social and environmental objectives (Schwartz, 2011). Indeed, CSR has become so that important governments in most countries around the world have enacted laws and regulations that businesses must adhere to so as to foster community wellbeing and environmental sustainability. Inattention to social and environmental concerns may harm an organization's public reputation or have serious legal ramifications on the organization.
WECAREHealth (WCH), a New Jersey-based pharmaceutical company, is facing serious human rights issues and environmental concerns due to its activities in the…
Technology / Privacy / orkplace
There is a rapidly increasing use of technological monitoring in the workplace, and while technology in general has been highly beneficial to companies, the use of some technologies has raised privacy and ethical concerns among employees. This paper reviews the available literature when it comes to workplace monitoring of employees and the ethical implications of that monitoring.
Is Privacy in the orkplace a Dying Notion?
The right to privacy is a nice idea, and in some instances and circumstances in the United States an individual can reasonably expect to have his or her privacy respected. ebsites, for example, notify users frequently that their privacy is important and it is being protected. However, when it comes to the workplace, in an age of increased reliance on electronic technology, management has been able to "…monitor virtually all workplace communications" that employees have access to.
Findlaw asserts that…
Davidson College. (2002). Descriptions of Ethical Theories and Principles. Retrieved March 8, 2015, from http://www.bio.davidson.edu .
Esikot, I.F. (2012). Globalization vs. Relativism: The Imperative of a Universal Ethics.
Journal of Politics and Law, 5(4), 129-134.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (2010). Consequentialism. Retrieved March 8, 2015,
workplace is facing a generational adjustment of values, learning and working styles that will have a huge impact on how business operate and leaders think and act. Generation X and Generation Y will transform the nature of the workplace. This dissertation will focus on this important topic and show how the management of the skills and unique characteristics of these various generations can help in achieving success in the workplace while minimizing conflict.
To define terms, Generation X (born 1965-1980 and approximately 55 million in North America) in general accept diversity; they are skeptical, pragmatic and practical, self-reliant, independent and individualistic; they reject authoritarianism and control; they were latchkey children and separate friends from family. They like a casual, friendly work environment, seek challenge, involvement and flexible learning arrangements (Deal, 2006). Work-life balance and family priorities are very important to Gen Xers. Generation Y (born 1981-1999 and approximately 80 million…
Bennis, W. And Thomas, R. (2002) Geeks and Geezers: how era, values and defining moments shape leaders. Harvard Business School Publishing: Cambridge, MA.
Blake, S., Winsor, D. And Allen, L. 2011. Technology and young children: bridging the communication generation gap. University of Memphis Press: Memphis, TN.
Deal, J. 2006. Retiring the Generation Gap: How Employees Young and Old Can Find Common Ground. Jossey-Boss: New York, NY.
Giancola, F. 2006. Human Resource Planning. Human Resource Planning Society. 29(4): 32-37.
Ethical Awareness Inventory
When it comes to developing a corporate strategic plan, ethical companies will consider the role social responsibility plays as a factor when considering the needs of the stakeholders. While profit may be the basis of the entire corporate structure, it cannot be the only factor considered when developing strategic plans. Ethics must also play an active role in corporate thinking and planning. When employed, ethics can guide a company so that it plays a role in the larger society in which it operates. In the case of developing strategic plans, corporate social responsibility must be an important factor when considering the needs of stakeholders.
In order to ensure ethics are a factor in strategic planning, companies must create and commit to specific ethical principles and goals which are not only taught to and expected of employees, but monitored and evaluated on a regular basis. Instructions in ethics…
"Ethical Awareness Inventory." (2008). The Williams Institute for Ethics and Management. Retrieved from http://www.ethics-twi.org/DocumentFiles/7.pdf
Ethics and Culture
Ethical and Cultural Competency
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency. Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
The author found that the professional ethics are the core determinants to perform a better duty at the workplace. The behavior of a person at work place helps in making relationship and bonds with the team members, responsibilities, the patients, the staff and helps in better understanding of workplace strategies that are termed as professional ethics. The researchers found that the personality of a person depends a lot on the expression of compassion, love, care and attention. The survey was done on the nurses working in the hospital where they explained that despite the cultural differences, if they make a bond or a relationship of care with the patients. That helps a lot in maintaining the confidence of the patient and…
Siegel, C., Haugland, G., Rose, L.R., Reid, L., Hopper, K. (2011). Components of Cultural Competence in Three Mental Health Programs. Psychiatric services, 62 (6).
Vanaki, Z., Memarian, A. (2009). Professional ethics: beyond the clinical competency.
Journal of Professional Nursing, 25 (5), 285 -- 291
Ethics of Employee Location Monitoring
In the contemporary workplace, workers are usually aware that their computer activity, email, and phone conversations may be -- and probably are -- being monitored by their employer. Efforts to limit the consumption of offensive or pornographic material, use of company resources for non-work purposes, and desire to track employee behavior in order to improve efficiency leads managers to install keystroke logs, FID location tags, cell phone software, and "back door" computer tracking programs. Employees complain that they do not feel trusted by employers who use these strategies, and managers may not have clear guidelines for how to use the information they glean from covert employee monitoring. However, some of these techniques can be used to improve workplace safety and ensure, for example, that employees take regular breaks from work in order to reduce eye strain and the health dangers of sedentary work. Below, I…
Hartman, L.P. (2000). Technology and Ethics: Privacy in the Workplace. Business and Society Review 106:1, 1-27.
Kaupins, G., & Minch, R. (2005). "Legal and Ethical Implications of Employee Location Monitoring," HICSS, vol. 5, pp.133a, Proceedings of the 38th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences.
The issue of business ethics has been front and center for over a decade, following on the heels of the accounting scandals that led to the passage of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. That those scandals came in such rapid succession and occurred in such large companies shocked the financial world out of its complacency with respect to ethics.
But the issue of business ethics has been around longer than that -- note the true moral dilemma posed by bribery in foreign countries, an issue that spawned the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act to curtail the practice. There are other issues, too, in business ethics, not just high level accounting scandals. They do not always involve criminal acts, either. In many cases, businesses are posed with a choice between doing two things that are perfectly legal, but where at least one of the options violates some sense of ethics. I feel…
.....men and women behind everything from public infrastructure to consumer product design, engineers have a distinct ethical obligation to uphold standards of safety. However, there is more to engineering ethics than the assurance that safety standards are met or exceeded. Engineers also need to ascribe to a policy resonant with corporate social responsibility: working in accordance with global values like environmental conservation and sustainability. Another key component of engineering ethics is related to the globalized nature of the work that engineers do: engineers frequently find themselves working in countries and cultures that are different from their own. The occasional conflicts that arise between local and home values may present unique ethnical conundrums that engineers can overcome with critical thinking and cultural awareness.
Safety is the most apparent of all ethical obligations place upon engineers throughout their careers. The first provision of the American Society of Civil Engineers, as with…
Counterproductive and Productive Behaviors
Defining Counterproductive and Productive Work Behavior
Counterproductive work behavior (CWB) is defined by an employee's actions causing harm to either a coworker or their employer (reviewed by Krischer, Penney, and Hunter, 2010). The forms of CWB can vary considerably, from arguing with or ignoring coworkers, damaging equipment to sabotage the work of others, and reducing the amount of time spent at work. esearchers have proposed a number of theories that attempt to explain the psychological roots of CWB and these include an employee reacting emotionally to a perceived negative workplace event or condition, or simply seeking a desired outcome (manipulation).
Krischer, Penney, and Hunter (2010) argue that organizational psychology research has focused almost exclusively on an employee's affective response to negative events, to the exclusion of internal or instrumental motivations. Instrumental motivations for engaging in CWB could arise from an employee's attempts to cope…
Bennett, Rebecca J. And Robinson, Sandra L. (2000). Development of a measure of workplace deviance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 349-360.
Fodchuk, Katherine M. (2007). Work environments that negate counterproductive behaviors and foster organizational citizenship: Research-based recommendations for managers. Psychologist-Manager Journal, 10, 27-46.
Koster, Ferry and Sanders, Karin. (2006). Organizational citizens or reciprocal relationships? An empirical comparison. Personnel Review, 35, 519-537.
Krischer, Mindy M., Penney, Lisa M., and Hunter, Emily M. (2010). Can counterproductive work behaviors be productive? CWB as emotion-focused coping. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 15, 154-166.
Race, class, gender, ethnicity, and religion are all variables that impact a person’s identity, worldview, communication style, and behaviors. Applying the sociological imagination to the workplace environment enables a greater understanding of how these factors impact daily interactions and events, with the goals of promoting harmony and resolving conflict. Being aware of race, gender, and religion has helped me function better in teams. The times that I neglected to recognize race, religion, and gender taught me valuable lessons and helped me to become more emotionally and socially intelligent. Race, gender, and religion are all socially constructed variables rather than being absolute categories; therefore it is always important to remember the fluidity of these constructs and to relate to each person individually as opposed to making sweeping generalizations based on stereotypes and assumptions.
Moreover, categories and definitions of race, gender, and religion are not monolithic. What it means to be white,…
To ensure the deontological validity of the agreement, the specific requirements of Article VII therefore need to be somewhat modified and restipulated. ather than allowing no other employment, there could for example be some conditions that govern other ventures to supplement the military services income.
Of course it must be understood that the military is a highly confidential entity, and that no information or service should be divulged to other, similar agencies. From the utilitarian viewpoint, the military is served best when the type of service provided by its employees remains exclusive to the company. However, from the deontological viewpoint, it should also be understood that the employee is in a position where his or her finances from exclusive service to the military are insufficient for the rising costs of living.
Hence a provision could be included in Article VII: rather than allowing no other employment, the provision could state…