Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Research Paper:
In addition, nutritional therapy is often necessary to balance body and brain chemistry before improvement can take place (Lock & Fitzpatrick, 2009).
Since an can be so difficult to treat after onset, some researchers are focused on possible measures to prevent the development of eating disorders in the first place, and some of their findings are highly promising (Novotney, 2009). For example, a 2008 study of nearly 500 adolescent girls with poor body image found a 60% reduction in the development of eating disorder symptomology among those who participated in intervention activities (Novotney, 2009). Preventive interventions were based on the theory of cognitive dissonance and required young women to express criticisms of society's ultra-thin female ideal through various individual and group exercises (Novotney, 2009). This suggests that at the middle school and high school levels, parents, teachers, and counselors may be able to counteract some harmful media messages about thinness and self-esteem by guiding girls to think critically about the "unattainable ideal" presented for female beauty (Novotney, 2009). Even at the elementary school level, researchers have found a reduction in the development of eating disorders among children who participated in web-based activities designed to promote healthy eating and positive body image (Novotney, 2009).
Current Research on Treatments
As a result of research finding a link between an and unconscious, disturbed emotional responses, scientists and psychologists are studying possible pharmacological or psychotherapeutic treatments that counter negative automatic emotional responses (Hatch & al, 2010). As far as therapy, this will involve patient practice in repeating positive responses to replace negative-response habits (Hatch & al, 2010).
Other research is underway for the treatment of older, more resistant an patients, or those in areas without a lot of treatment options or facilities (Novotney, 2009). For patients in rural areas, partially web-based therapies are being studied; for adult women, couples therapy is being tested as a replacement for the family therapy useful with younger patients (Novotney, 2009). The couples therapy is based on cognitive-behavioral methods proven effective for other issues such as addictions and anxiety disorders (Novotney, 2009).
For teenagers with an, the most recent research still supports the use of specific family therapy techniques, such as those developed and recently manualized by doctors at the Maudsley Hospital in London (DeAngelis, 2002). The overall premise of the Maudsley approach involves viewing "the eating disorder as controlling the adolescent, thereby interrupting normal development…the family is not to blame for the eating disorder, but is seen as a valuable ally in treatment" (DeAngelis, 2002, p. 1). A recent study found that among 40 patients with an, the Maudsley method proved effective in 67% of cases, benefitting symptom reduction, healthy weight maintenance, and improved family dynamics (DeAngelis, 2002).
AN has proved a perplexing condition to treat successfully. This is likely due to a complex interplay between genetic, physiological, emotional, and social etiological factors. Fortunately, researchers are finding that prevention interventions are helpful for young girls at risk of developing the disease, and the Maudsley family therapy approach is highly effective for teenagers after onset (DeAngelis, 2002). For adults with an, who are estimated to constitute 35% of all cases, the prognosis is not so bright. However, if prevention programs are successfully implemented as part of elementary, middle, and high school curriculums, the number of cases developing in the first place may decrease dramatically. Moreover, even when prevention does not work, successful application of the well-tested Maudsley family therapy method should keep many cases from progressing to the resistant adult phase. For existing adult cases, couples therapy may be the most successful approach, since it takes advantage of day-to-day relationship dynamics much like the Maudsley method.
DeAngelis, T. (2002). Promising Treatments for Anorexia and Bulimia. Monitor, 33 (3), 38.
Hatch, a., & al, e. (2010). Emotion Brain Alterations in Anorexia Nervosa: a Candidate Biological Marker and Implications for Treatment. ournal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN. Volume: 35. Issue: 4. Publication Year: 2010. Page Number: 267+, 35 (4), 267+.
Kanarek, R., & al, e. (2009). Running and Addiction: Precipitated Withdrawal in a Rat Model of Anorexia. Behavioral Neuroscience, 123 (4), 905-912.
Lock, J., & Fitzpatrick, K. (2009). Advances in Psychotherapy for Children and Adolescents with Eating Disorders. American Journal of Psychotherapy, 63 (4), 287+.
Lucas, a. (2004). Demystifying Anorexia Nervosa: An Optimistic Guide to Understanding and Healing. New York: Oxford University Press.
Novotney, a. (2009). New Solutions. Monitor, 40 (4), 46.
Rhodes, P., & al, e.…[continue]
"Anorexia Nervosa An Is Blamed" (2011, February 19) Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/anorexia-nervosa-an-is-blamed-4709
"Anorexia Nervosa An Is Blamed" 19 February 2011. Web.24 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/anorexia-nervosa-an-is-blamed-4709>
"Anorexia Nervosa An Is Blamed", 19 February 2011, Accessed.24 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/anorexia-nervosa-an-is-blamed-4709
nurture. This issue has been employed in questioning the role of genetics as well as environment in the analysis of behavior. Several researchers especially geneticists have attempted to interpret the behavior of a person on the basis of natural phenomena. The work of Strober et al. (1985,p.239) indicated that since the 19th century to date, researchers who are studying anorexia nervosa have explore several multiple causes of the illness.
Anorexia nervosa is a serious eating disorder that results from an individual's intense preoccupation with body weight. Individuals with anorexia have difficulty maintaining a normal body mass index score, and frequently make continued efforts to lose weight even if their weight is abnormally low. The psychological factors that precipitate anorexia can be quite complex, and as a result the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder often require thorough psychological assessment,
Anorexia Nervosa is defined in the Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine as "an eating disorder characterized by unrealistic fear of weight gain, self-starvation, and conspicuous distortion of body image. The fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM-IV (1994), defines two subtypes of anorexia nervosa -- a restricting type, characterized by strict dieting and exercise without binge eating -- and a binge-eating/purging type, marked by
Parkinson's disease is a malady that all people should be afraid of because of the fact that it generally chooses its carriers randomly. Also, once having contracted the disease, people should not lose their hope, with numerous people having lived with it for decades. One of the most terrible things about the disease is that it cannot be cured and that the people that have it are forced to live
Young people with poor eating habits can develop eating disorders or these disorders may be in response to various psycho-sociological issues that arise during adolescence. Irrespective of the cause, adolescents with eating disorders run the risk of a wide range of adverse healthcare outcomes, including obesity, high blood pressure, bone loss and even death. The problem is more common than many people believe, and the prevalence of eating disorders has
Family Therapy and Anorexia Nervosa Family Therapy & Anorexia Nervosa This paper is a literature review and discussion of how family therapy approaches anorexia nervosa. The premise for most of the research conducted using family based therapy is a theory by Salvador Minuchin and Mara Selvini from the 1970s that states in order for a sufferer of anorexia nervosa to recover the "family's structure or style of management [of problems] needs to
Anorexia Criteria for Diagnosis Physical and Mental Signs and Repercussions Different Treatments of Anorexia Personal Reflection Anorexia Nervosa, a type of eating disorder, continues to plague some of the world's population, particularly white adolescent females obsessed with looking thinner. This paper endeavors to explore what exactly anorexia is, in relation to the category of 'eating disorder' as well as other eating disorders such as bulimia. The criteria for diagnosis will be identified as well