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Optimism, and the dispositional moods highlighted by Peterson leads to individual perseverance and success, and to experience better physical health. Peterson's main emphasis on within the subject of subjective well-being is that society often has a negative influence on our well-being. This is because as a group, it is much harder to accomplish tasks and achieve goals, therefore it is taken for granted that we live within an overly pessimistic culture. Cultural forces thus impact our ability to be optimistic and thus our ability to be happy. Personal happiness can only improve if we can change our disposition towards a state of optimism, and create a barrier between our interpretation of events and the actual occurrence of events themselves. Peterson's analysis of subjective well-being appears to be very logical, he applies many examples to demonstrate the theoretical and conceptual understanding of disposition.
Peterson makes clear through his textbook that positive psychology has implications not only for the study of human happiness, but our entire approach to cognitive and social psychology. While traditional psychology has focused on illness, positive psychology takes a "longitudinal" approach to examination of happiness and well-being. He clarifies that the positive psychological processes takes place within an entire lifetime, where many different dispositions can inflict us depending on external circumstances. Therefore a truly positive psychological adaptation cannot occur through brief periods of clinical help nor through direct drug or psycho-therapy, it is a process that should unfold over a lifetime. Peterson argues that many contributing factors impact our understanding of happiness and the development of subjective well-being. Maturity brings about defenses against pessimism and psychological ills such as altruism, sublimation, suppression, humor, anticipation, etc. all of which culminates in our ability to have a successful and joyful life. In practice this implies that happiness is an end state that can only be reached after years of experience, Peterson's conclusion is that there are no short-cuts to achieving lasting happiness. The implications of his sum analysis are that a broad spectrum of emotions can have an impact on the development of positive psychology.
Within Peterson's analysis he attempts to adopt a mediation and unity between the new field of positive psychology and social psychology. He specifically identifies several theories and relationships found in both fields. One of these fields is the understanding that "close social relationships are essential to well-being." Research into the field of human interactions and social dissonance has shown that social relationships are one of the strongest correlates to positive emotions. This is one of the primary mechanisms by which individuals can achieve a positive state of mind. Peterson argues that the last century of social psychology research have demonstrated that the lack of social support and close social relationships can have far-reaching negative implications on human emotional health. He concludes that human beings, in order to achieve happiness have to have a fundamental need for close social relationships. Social connectedness in general has been identified to help with autonomic activity, better immunosurveillance, and lower levels of stress hormones. Social psychology and its study of "illnesses" have reveals that individuals who have been ostracized by the group can have impaired cognitive functioning. The reason that Peterson focuses on these specific examples in his understanding of positive psychology is to show that this study is rooted on fact and that it is not an "emerging field of study" as many psychologists claim. Instead it is something that is rooted in our foundational understanding of psychology in general.
A thoroughly enjoyed reading this book, I thought that Peterson did a masterful job of relating positive psychology to the greater context of psychology in general. He not only related the study of positive psychology by explaining the rhetoric behind it, but also firmly rooted it within established scientific studies. Peterson's analysis of subjective well-being was especially helpful, in that he demonstrated the need to understand the process of positive states of mind as a series of interlinked events rather than a consistent static state. The process of achieving happiness is life-long, and there are no visible shortcuts. In the end, we have to practice habitual adoption of optimism and surround ourselves with people who have a positive social influence upon our…[continue]
universities, professors retire invited give a Last Lecture. Dr. Randy Pausch tradition. What made story, dying pancreatic cancer, knew . His lecture featured Good Morning America television show, millions readers bought copies book form. A Positive Man: Randy Pausch and the Last Lecture Randy Pausch's "Last Lecture" is a great example of the power of communication. It is simply a college professor's speech -- albeit one with great gravitas, as the
They predict age and gender variations relate to bullying concerns. Of the 25 cartoons implemented in the study, two depict characters with different shades of skin color where skin color appeared to be an issue. One cartoon relating to sexual orientation was not used in several countries. Smith et al. report Olweus to assert bullying to be characterized by the following three criteria: 1. It is aggressive behavior or intentional
57). Coker's article (published in a very conservative magazine in England) "reflected unease among some of his colleagues" about that new course at LSEP. Moreover, Coker disputes that fact that there is a female alternative to male behavior and Coker insists that "Whether they love or hate humanity, feminists seem unable to look it in the face" (Smith quoting Coker, p. 58). If feminists are right about the female nature being
Nursing Theory: The nursing field is a practice discipline where the learning of students incorporates the capability to apply theory during the provision of care to patients. However, the use of theory in nursing practice requires an understanding of the abstract and the mechanism of applying the abstract to practice. Therefore, the use of theory in nursing practice is not only a challenging but also appropriate experience in developing new nursing
Setting the stage for the group Psychological intervention might be most efficient when females start modification by leaving the abuser and get in a shelter. Shelters are an essential resource for victims because they offer females and kids security and link them with social, legal, and financial resources (Dutton, 1992). Furthermore, battered females in shelters have a greater threat for PTSD than those who do not look for shelter (Jones
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curriculum books have been written since the turn of the [20th] century; each with a different version of what 'curriculum' means (Ackerman, 1988). I define classroom curriculum design as the sequencing and pacing of content along with the experiences students have with that content. My use of the qualifier classroom is important. By definition, I am considering those decisions regarding sequencing, pacing, and experiences that are the purview of
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