Comparison of Einstein and Churchill Research Paper
- Length: 13 pages
- Sources: 12
- Subject: Government
- Type: Research Paper
- Paper: #44781284
Excerpt from Research Paper :
Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill.
Defining politics and science today has a different meaning than it did throughout history until the 20th century. This comparison can also be defined as "science of government of states" in other cases it is referred as "the science and practice of government of human societies." In today's world governments do not just work on the predefined agendas that politics used to work on, now a relation to humanity, social and scientific approach and justification is required in every decision that a government made. Hence the formula for politics now is a pluralistic approach to agendas, hence the definition of government in any society is not just the simple approach of organized power any more, it now a very strong mixture of science, religion, economy and welfare as well. For instance discoveries of every kind are being made in every corner of the world, but unlike our past these inventions and discoveries are now used with a keen eye on its reciprocal effects in mind.
There was a time when the atom bomb was dropped on the two Japanese cities killing millions of people just because of a global war, now governments realize their responsibility not only to their own people but the global community as well. These advancements did not occur on their own, governments realized with experience that it is up to them to monitor and channelize how technology and science is used for the right purposes. Today's politics and governments have to keep all the aspects mentioned above in mind before they make even a single decision. Politics and science itself is striving to find the most accurate methods for humanity and through history and experiments, making the society in which we are living in, more democratic and scientifically enlightened.
In this paper we will chose two personalities one from the field of science and one from politics and stark a comparison between them, which will include their personal life, cultural values and a lot of other similarities that we can find to analyze how politics and science can have very common-based similarities, also how both these systems came to a common point of ruling in their own respective times unlike the present day techniques we discussed earlier. The two personalities we have selected for our discussion are, Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill, they both have significant contributions in there respective fields, but we will discuss deeper and further into their personalities and lives rather than just stopping at their professional lives.
The right wing honorable Sir Winston Churchill (1874-1965), was the song of Randolph Churchill and his mother being American. Sir Churchill joined the army in the very late 1800's, after an eventful stunt at the army he joined the parliament and became a conservative member in the 1900. He held many positions in the government both in the liberal and the conservative sector, during the first three decades of the 20th century. When the Second World War was threatening to take England as part of its destructions as well, Sir Churchill was appointed the first lord of admiralty, a post which he had already held in the past from 1911 to 1915. In May 1040 while England was amidst the world war he became the prime minister and the head of the Defence and held the office until 1945.
After resigning as the prime minister, Sir Winston Churchill again took over the premiership in the conservative victory of 1951 and later in 1955 he resigned from this position as well. It was assumed that after this resignation he will leave politics for good, but that was not the case; he remained in politics until the general elections of 1964, where he did not attempt to participate. Considering his contribution in the political and strategic decisions of England, Queen Elizabeth II, bestowed on Sir Churchill the honor of knighthood and invested him the insignia of the order of the garter in 1953. These are one of the many honors he has received, among them there is also the special hounor of the citizenship of the United States which President Kennedy conferred on him in 1963.
Winston Churchill contributed heavily in political literature as well. His earlier contributions are mostly campaign reports: The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899), these two reports are the full description and the events in Sudan and the Battle of Omdurman. 1900 his first and only novel savrola was published which gained heavy popularity and six years after publishing his novel he published the biography of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, which to date is considered his most major work.
His other popular biographies include the life of his great ancestral uncle Duke of Marlborough and this was published in 4 volumes in between 1933 and 1938. Churchill's take on the First World War was also published in four volumes in between (1948-1954), it was called The World Crisis. After Sir Churchill's retirement from the political office permanently Churchill wrote a History of the English-speaking Peoples (4 vols. 1956-58). His magnificent oratory survives in a dozen volumes of speeches, among them The Unrelenting Struggle (1942), The Dawn of Liberation (1945), and Victory (1946).
Churchill's first interest in the opposition was highlighted when he visited the United States in March 1946, where he made his famous Iron Curtain Speech in Fulton, Missouri. hence after returning to England he became the head of the opposition. Fulton, Missouri. He suffered from various heart attacks and stroke in the August of 1946, but the information regarding his health was kept from public and he continued to lead the conservative party. Winston Churchill died on 24th January, 1965.
Albert Einstein was from Ulm, Germany born on 14 March 1879. Even as a young boy Einstein showed a special interest and understanding for the mysteries of science, this interest of his started only at the age of 10/11. A typical child (only to his socio-economic class -- educated middle class), Einstein took music lessons, playing both the violin and piano -- a passion that followed him into adulthood. He moved twice before completing his high school, first to Italy then to Switzerland, the young achiever graduated from high school in 1896.
In 1905 he was in Switzerland and was working as a patent clerk in Bern. During his stay as patent, in his spare time Einstein, produced remarkable work in 1908 and was appointed as the Privatdozent in Berne. It was this year that many also call the "Annus Mirabilis" -- or "miracle year," it was during this fortunate year that Albert Einstein gained his doctoral degree and published 4 of his most acclaimed works to date, including research papers on the "Special Theory of Relativity," which is not known as the famous "e=mc2" theory this theory has helped scientist unlock the mysteries of the universe. In 1909 he became Professor Extraordinary at Zurich, in 1911 Professor of Theoretical Physics at Prague, returning to Zurich in the following year to fill a similar post.
In 1914 he was appointed Director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Physical Institute and Professor in the University of Berlin. He became a German citizen in 1914 considering he was Jewish, and remained in Berlin until 1933 later after that he renounced his citizenship due to the impeding danger of war on the Germany and immigrated to America, took the position of Professor of Theoretical Physics at the Princeton University. He became a United States citizen in 1940 and retired from his post in 1945.
After the Second World War, Einstein was leading figure in the world political movement, it went to such an extent that he was offered the presidency of the State of Israel, which he rejected. He went on to collaborate with Dr. Chaim Weizmann and with him he established the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The main attribute of Einstein's personality was that he always had a clear perspective in the light of any problem regarding physics and had the utmost determination to solve it. He had his own strategy to achieve his goals and was able to visualize the main stages on the way to his goal. He regarded his major achievements as mere stepping-stones for the next advance, (John. 1981).
Einstein's basis for all the research work he did was the inadequacies he saw in the Newtonian mechanics and the idea of his special theory of relativity also came up join together with the laws of mechanics with the laws of electronic fields, hence combining his laws with that of Newton. He dealt superbly with the basic problems of statistical mechanics and the problems that came with it in reference to the quantum theory: this led to an explanation of the Brownian movement of molecules. He experimented with the thermal properties of light under a low density radiation and hence laid the foundation of the proton theory of light. During his early…