How will this new terminology and knowledge apply to a career in criminal justice?
Criminal justice is seen as the practices, system and the concerned government institutions that are focused on implementing social control, participating in crime mitigation and sanctioning the law violator by imposing penalties and rehabilitation programs. It covers the private sector, the pubic sector, NGOs, state and the local governments as well (Oregon Laws, 2007). To handle effectively such a wide spectrum of departments with professionals without a chance foe making the wrong interpretation of the law once needs to be well equipped with the legal terms.
How can not knowing the proper terminology affect you as you conduct criminal justice research?
When one lacks the proper terminology in the criminal justice, this can be a fundamental barrier in the execution of duty and definition of the offences committed as well as interpretation of the judgments and court proceedings and outcomes. It may mean one may not be operating at the same legal level with other colleagues in the legal department hence hindering the performance of the individual.
How will knowing these terms be an asset to you when evaluating and analyzing research studies or data?
Knowing the terminologies in the criminal justice system will enable an individual in the research process and data analysis to be able to correctly categorize and classify the crimes, processes and procedures that are used in the criminology system. Without the knowledge of the terminologies it would be hard for the individual to know whether a particular offence is under the industrial disputes, criminal case, constitutional case and also the trends that crime is taking as well as the nature of judgments and case determination that have taken place. With the knowledge of the terminologies, one can easily interpret, analyze and even understand the criminal studies data presented or collected.
What is research?
According to Cambridge Dictionary Online (2011), research is a "detailed study of a subject, especially in order to discover (new) information or reach a (new) understanding." It is also worth noting that research is usually on a targeted group, time bound specific on the subject of study as well as controlled for the true results to be obtained.
What provides discipline in the research process?
The most fundamental thing that provides discipline in a research is the objectivity of the researchers. They need to remain objective in all ways and throughout the process in order to get results that are correct. The objectivity will enable them to present results that can be verified as the same incase another researcher doe the same research work over again.
Discipline in a research is also achieved by proper understanding first of the area or subject of research and not merely and abstract view of the subject before delving into the research itself. This will give a controlled direction so as not to be irrelevant during research. The other factor that can bring discipline into a research is a very rigorous methodology that will ensure the process of the research follows the professional codes and the results are presented without bias.
Why is this discipline important?
The discipline in research will ensure that the results of the research are dependable, reliable, balanced and provide the academic pool with a new set of knowledge that would not be achieved if there was no discipline in the research process.
What are the similarities and differences between basic and applied research?
The difference between the basic research and applied research is that the basic or pure research is carried out for the sole purpose of gathering information that may be new and piling or building on the pre-existing information or knowledge, yet on the other hand the applied research seeks to solve a particular problem. The applied research builds upon the existing knowledge to solve a situation for instance a scientist trying to find the cause of a disease while the basic research searches for foundational information and adds it to the existing pool for instance studying the functions of the brain and general working (Lawrence Berkeley National Library, 2011).
The similarities that exist between the basic and the applied research are that they are both triggered by human inquisitiveness and the urge to find new outcomes in any field to the ones that already exist there. They both have the independence that is required for a substantial research as well as the strict methodology that is required for a research.
What are the similarities and differences between qualitative and quantitative research?
The differences that exist include the qualitative research depends more on the collection of data and information from people with theme as the focus, while quantitative retrieves the data mainly from files with the focus being on the numerical values. Qualitative is more inductive and subjective used for hypotheses formulation yet the quantitative is deductive and more objective focused on theory verification (CDC 2011).
The similarities are that in as much as the quantitative research can be used to test theory it can also be used for hypothesis generation in some cases and the same applies to the qualitative research which can be use to verify theories.
Qualitative research also at times involves quantifications like more, less than, most and even specific numbers at times.
What distinguishes scientific research from research or problem solving in everyday life?
The problem solving in everyday life involves us looking at the various alternatives and settling for the best and a solution is implemented depending on the observed alternatives. On the other hand, the scientific research uses theory to clarify the relationships between facts or events. Theories are related to ideas and the gathered information is usually tentative and it is tested and retested for accuracy. It is subjected to experiments and the results can change over time (Chris Williams, 2009).
What are the similarities and differences between inductive and deductive logic?
The similarity that the didactic and the inductive logic have is that they both seek to explain a phenomenon or some happening with reasons drawn from the particular events and not outside the subjects.
The difference between the deductive and inductive logic is that the deductive logic provides conclusive evidence from the general perspective while the inductive logic works on probability that gives range to provide a conclusion or it gives generalized idea from a particular or specific idea (Ron Yezzi, 1992).
Why should someone know about research methods?
The knowledge of the various reach methods will enable the individual in the various academic assignments and career advancements. It helps to know the research methods since they assist one to know the method he is to use and guides him through the research. One will also know the right type of method to adopt and use in order to get the correct results since each research method has its field of application.
Compare and contrast subjectivity and objectivity. What parts do replication and verification play in scientific research?
Objectivity is laying is putting down the facts as they are and it is independent and exists for instance a square has four sides, while subjectivity will involve ones own opinion, emotions based, belief system and exists only in the mind for instance "this food tastes good." In most scientific research and experiments, there is use of replication and verification in order to confirm the objectivity and avoid any errors in the final results that may be rolled out.
Why should researchers share results with their subjects?
This sharing of results with the subjects first indicates the appreciation and recognition of the participation of the subjects. Secondly this will be in accordance with the research ethics; it will also enable the subjects to learn about themselves and others as well.
From what sources might research topics emerge?
The research topics can emerge from myriad of sources like the daily happenings in the community or society, a problem encountered once by an individual or community, sheer inquisitiveness of the researcher, missing links in previous researches, missing conclusions in previous research works, changes in societal or organizational ways of doing things, change in trends generally among many others.
What are research ethics?
These are the basic guidelines that guide the process of any research so as to protect the subjects from any harmful results that may come of it or exposure to future harms that may not be foreseeable. These ethics and the rules came after the World War II when it was discovered that there was abuse of basic human rights in the name of scientific experiment and research.
What is a code of conduct?
These are the conventional expectations and principles or guidelines that are considered to bind an individual who subscribe to the membership of a group or an organization.
What is a paradigm?
A paradigm is a framework containing all the commonly agreed upon or acceptable views about a research or subject matter. It is what everyone across the board knows and…