Criminal justice administration mainly focuses on crime prevention and punishing any illegal activities. Criminal justice administration is wide and it entails law enforcement and the judicial administration. Some of the jobs that relate to criminal justice administration include; security coordination, juvenile delinquency administration, law enforcement and being a courtroom official. Additional crime is also part of criminal justice administration. This field entails terrorism prevention, immigration policies and social policies. Other duties that criminal justice entails include; police officer, community relations advocate and correctional officer. For an officer working with the criminal justice administration, his work involves law enforcement (Bharti, 2008).
Key issues in Criminal Justice Administration today
The criminal justice administration today faces various issues and problems thus needing serious reforms. In most cases, many nonviolent offenders go to jail because many prosecutors and district attorneys succumb to political pressure hence become tough on crime. The prisons are always populated and there are minimal resources to ensure there are significant improvements in the system. Some of the key issues facing Criminal justice department today include; wrongful convictions, gangs, racial injustices in the administration, excessive criminalization, socio economic considerations, and problems with informants (Miller, 2011).
One of the major issues affecting the Criminal Justice Administration is wrongful convictions of the suspects. Some of the common causes of wrongful convictions include; Misidentification of the eyewitnesses, Improper Forensic Science, poor lawyers, Snitches and informants, False confessions and government misconducts. Eyewitness misidentification is the major factor affecting wrongful convictions.
Gangs are accountable for most of the crimes around the globe. Many legal experts claim that criminal justice administration is not in a position to control the strength and growth of gangs around the globe. Most legal experts also claim that the justice administrations are unable to send criminal gangs in prison or keep them under security.
Criminal victims and the Criminal justice administration
Criminal victims and the justice administration is also a key issue affecting the criminal justice administration today. How the criminal justice administration handles a criminal victim affects the justice system. Currently, the criminal justice administration contributes to its own failure by mainly focusing on the criminal hence detriment the victim during the process.
Racial Injustices in the justice administration
Racial Injustices in the justice systems is a key issue that affects the criminal justice administration. Depending on how the justice administration handles the criminal victims will determine how efficient the system work. Racial injustice is being unjust to individuals or groups with a particular race especially on legal matters. Racial injustices in judicial matters include discrimination on races or ethnicity during administration of justices. Regarding criminal laws, racial injustices refers to conducting racial profiling and imposition of penalties on criminals, including death sentences basing on race (Stojkovic, 2004).
Informants are snitches. An informant is an individual who gives information about other individuals or groups to an agency. The term snitch or an informant is a common word within the law. These groups of people are confidential. They generally supply information without other parties consent with a malicious intention or financial gain. In the criminal justice administration, most wrongful convictions are because of informant's problems. Informants in the criminal justice administration can sometime give false information or falsely testify against the defendant for the purpose of various benefits.
Excessive criminalization is also a key issue that affects criminal justice administration currently. The increasing number of crimes across the globe heavily affects the administration of criminal justice. More criminal laws are essential in increasing the need for justice enforcement and justice officers. Excessive criminalization will derail or slow down justice administration.
Socioeconomic factors are multiple phases when it comes to the criminal justice administration. The ability of a person facing a criminal charge to hire a legal representative is significant. Criminal acts, which have equivalent harms such as cocaine use, have different sentencing consents thus giving rise to the argument that some criminal activities have different sentencing consents. In the same context, the relationship between social services and human services helps in stabilizing families and creating self-sufficiency benefits to individuals who are less vulnerable to abuse.
Module 1 SLP
There are three different areas of criminal justice administration. These include; judiciary, enforcement and custodial.
Judiciary (current issues in the judiciary)
Currently, the judiciary faces various challenges. One of the major challenges the judiciary faces is the debate over Supreme Court's activism proper limits. This debate pits strict constructionists against the judicial activists or the loose constructionists. In this situation, the strict constructionists believe that the Supreme Court has the responsibility of interpreting the constitution by the use of its wordings and author's original intentions. The strict constructionists argue that, the court has the mandate to serve as a watchdog thus, maintaining the balance between adhering to the precedents and government's separate powers. The Strict constructionists are for the idea that the changes must come through legislative actions and the executive (Stojkovic, 2004).
The Loose constructionists are in favor of Constitutional liberal interpretations. They claim that the Constitutional authors did not mean to preserve the unchanging society. Loose constructionists also claim that the judiciary is the protector of unpopular viewpoints and minority rights. The judicial activists always seek protection from the courts for opinions and rights, which the legislative majority cannot accept. In most cases, the Supreme Court upholds minority group's rights by adopting flexible Constitutional views. These include the Amish Witnesses (Stojkovic, 2004).
Law enforcement (current issues in Law enforcement)
In the past years, disturbing, controversial and divisive issues have derailed the law enforcement during the performance of their duties. Other issues include, use of dogs, shootings, riots, and police beatings. Currently issues that relate to racial profiling heavily affect the department. There is some degree of perception that law enforcers enforce various laws, which are based on ethnicity of the people. County and local law enforcement agencies have difficulties in performing their responsibilities without community members' trust and support (Siegel, 2010).
Custodial is simply a judicial sentence. It is imposing a punishment, which consist of mandatory custody to the convict. The custody can either be in prison, educational institution that can be either reformatory or a drug detoxification area. Some crimes including child sexual abuse, these sentences are almost inevitable. (Siegel, 2010).
Some of the current issues affecting Custodial include; prison overcrowding, fines, suspended imprisonment sentences, community services, and probations. Fines are forms of punishment that courts use instead of imprisonment. In most cases, courts use fines for petty offenders.
Module 2: Case
This case will mainly focus on an interview I did with the enforcement manager in the Criminal Justice administration. During this interview, there are several issues that we discussed pertaining enforcement in the criminal justice administration especially in the contemporary society. Some of the issues during the discussion have the ability to derail achieving enforcement goals in the criminal justice administration (Siegel, 2010). The enforcement area is in need for comprehensive consultations and more sponsorship from the stakeholders and the government in order to handle key determinants in the achievement of the long-term and short-term goals in the criminal justice. Despite the hiccups facing the criminal justice administration, most of the judicial institutions are still in a position to forge cordial relationships and collaboration in achieving justice for all criminals in the country (DuPont-Morales, 2007).
The main issues during the discussion include; police brutality, off duty behaviors and corruption among the law enforcers. These issues contribute to the derailment of criminal justice in the judicial administration. I believe these are some of these issues play a huge part in derailing the criminal judicial system globally. Corruption among the law enforcers is misconduct among the police. This is a situation where the enforcement officers seek to extract money or advancement of career through power abuse. In most cases, the law enforcers do this for personal gains. Police brutality is also a form of derailment in the criminal justice administration. Police brutality entails forcefully obtaining information from an individual or a suspect (Leigh, 2009).
Solving these issues is a long process.
Solving some of these issues will take more time and commitment. The criminal justice administration and the government can join hands in checking and adjusting some of the Police reforms. Police reforms starts on the grass roots levels before heading to the top levels. One of the major reforms is salary increment in the judicial system.
Module 2- SLP
The second SLP shares close links or connections with the case assignment. The case assignment focused the interview that I had with the enforcement manager in the enforcement area of criminal justice administration (Gaines & Miller 2013). In the interview, we discussed a range of issues pertaining to the enforcement area of criminal justice administration in contemporary society. These issues have the ability to hamper or negate achievement of goals of the enforcement area of criminal justice (Gaines & Miller 2013). Enforcement area requires comprehensive consultation among…