It has been noticed that the relationship between the unions and the management is usually positive. According to a survey approximately 55%of the respondents said that they have a positive relationship, there were 30% who described the relationship as neither negative nor positive and 15% said that they had negative relationship with the unions.
However, it has been noticed that since the last Employment Relation survey conducted by the CIPD in the summers of 2008 there has been a decrease in the number of people saying that they have a negative relation with the union. It can also be seen from the fact that 69% of the people said that they have positive relations while only 9% said that they have negative relation with the union.
About 50% of the people who responded, described their relations with union officials and managers as good, 46% of the people said that it varies and only 2% said that they have a bad or negative relation and in that whole survey only 2% of the people said that the personnel relation with the managers or the union doesn't exist.
Among the people who responded there were only one third who said that the relationship among the union and the mangers had changed in the last 12 months while, there were 64% who disagreed with this.
From among the one third who says that the relationship between the mangers and the union has changed in the 12 months there were on 21% who said that it had become positive while, the rest of the 76% said that it has become negative.
Obstacles to effective partnership with the unions
In the survey it was asked from the respondent to mention the top three reasons because of which they think that the relationship between the mangers and union gets affected. A total of 37% respondents said that it was because of the lack of the business understanding from the union while, 29% said that the union policies on the national-level are responsible for the lack of a good relationship among the mangers and the union whereas, 35% said that it was because of the trust issues found on both the sides.
Workplace Employment Relations Survey 2004
Union membership density
Data was collected by WERS in 2004 from two sources on the independent staff associations and the trade unions.14 the Cross-Section Survey of the managers give an estimate from the mangers point-of-view about the number of union member working in each of the sampled workplace while, the Survey of Employees gives a first-hand idea about whether every employee is a member of the union.
The Survey of Employees showed that in all the work places one-third of the employees were the union members, which makes up to 34% of the employees. It has been shown that the union membership is more common in the public sector and that the density of the union membership mainly depends on the relationship of the management to the membership. It is evident that there is a strong link between the two characteristics, however, it is also noticed that the support for the union relationship among the management is more in the public sector, but this support is also present in the private sector as well.
The concentration of the union membership among the employees in a workplace can be often estimated when the union tries to collect the membership fees by direct debit and the managers underestimate the presence of the union members in their workplace. It has been shown that in almost 64% of the workplaces there are no union members and that they are present in only 18% of the workplaces. There were 57% of the workplaces in the 1998 which had no union members and only 22% of the workplaces had these union members which made up the majority.
It has also been noted that amongst the 34% workplaces with the union members, three quarter of these members are associated with one or more unions and the reason for this association is to negotiate the pay and other conditions of the employees. The workplaces with this scenario made up 27% of the other workplaces and they had 48% employees from among all the employees whereas, the figures were 33% and 53% respectively, in 1993.
It has been noticed that the main decline in the union recognition occurred in…