Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Essay:
Yet Ana and her family also sought the intervention of traditional doctors or curanderos. The curandero provides services that a Western doctor cannot: the cleansing ceremony referred to in the case study is a perfect example of differences in attitudes toward health care. A healing ceremony performed by a curandero is not likely to harm the infant and in fact may prove beneficial at least to the parents' and family's peace of mind.
There can be no absolute ethical guidelines in health care except for the fact that health care workers are obliged always to treat patients with respect. Respect entails sensitivity to cultural difference and to the norms that define attitudes towards health care. Health care workers may find that some patients require privacy and do not express emotions; whereas other patients are emotionally expressive to the point where they shock or disturb those around them. These issues should be dealt with using a philosophical underpinning of ethical relativism. Ethical relativism allows health care workers to take a detached view that respects patient autonomy. Health care services are provided without any strings attached. The health care worker does not impose the dominant culture's values on the patient, and the patient also respects the fact that the hospital is providing services to clients who cannot pay. This fact offers a sort of moral balance in the case: Ana and Hugo are receiving health care for humanitarian reasons and this understanding precludes them from seeking further assistance.
A worldview that values the differences between cultures does not preclude healthcare workers from making judgments regarding best practices. In fact, the theory of ethical relativism also ensures that the nurse or doctor's values are as valid as those of the patient. If a doctor is absolutely opposed to a patient's wish due to different moral viewpoints, then that doctor can easily reassign the case to a colleague rather than pass judgment on the patient.
Ana and Hugo are understandably afraid that they will get deported if they decide to apply for any social services. Their undocumented status presents a risk that Ana and Hugo assumed upon entering the country. While Ana and Hugo need to be respectful of American law, the health care workers helping the family has no right to interfere. Providing the best quality of patient care possible is the duty and obligation of the health care worker.
Moreover, health care workers must set aside their belief in ethical absolutism with regards to Ana's situation. Even if there is an infant involved, it is crucial to respect patient autonomy in this case. Ana and Hugo are doing whatever they can, and whatever is within their means, to help their child. The health care workers did all they could to help Ana, save for permitting the presence of the curandero. Ana and Hugo are doing the best they can within the limitations of their immigration status. At this point, I would advise health care workers to respect the independence of the couple and to cease interfering with their lives or the life of the infant. A pluralistic point-of-view acknowledges cultural differences, respects patient autonomy, and provides the best possible quality of care.
"Ethical Relativism." (2011). Retrieved online: http://www.allaboutphilosophy.org/ethical-relativism-faq.htm
"Ethical Relativism," (n.d.). Retrieved online: http://philosophy.lander.edu/ethics/relativism.html
Macklin, R. (1998). Ethical relativism in a multicultural society. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 8, Number 1.
"Neonatal encephalopathy," (2011). Newborn Services Clinical Guideline. Retrieved online: http://www.adhb.govt.nz/newborn/guidelines/neurology/NE.htm
Slick, M. Ethical relativism. CARM. Retrieved online: http://carm.org/ethical-relativism van Eerden, P. & Bernstein, P.S. (2003). Summary of the Publication, "Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy: Defining the Pathogenesis and Pathophysiology," by the ACOG Task Force on Neonatal Encephalopathy and Cerebral Palsy. Medscape. Retrieved online: http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/457882
Velasquez, M., Andre, C. Shanks, Thomas S.J., & Meyer, M.J. (1992). Ethical relativism. Santa Clara University. Retrieved online: http://www.scu.edu/ethics/practicing/decision/ethicalrelativism.html
"What is Ethical Relativism?" Sheldon Chumir Foundation for Ethics in Leadership. Retrieved online: http://www.chumirethicsfoundation.ca/main/page.php?page_id=145[continue]
"Ethics According To The Most" (2011, February 25) Retrieved October 26, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-according-to-the-most-3875
"Ethics According To The Most" 25 February 2011. Web.26 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-according-to-the-most-3875>
"Ethics According To The Most", 25 February 2011, Accessed.26 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/ethics-according-to-the-most-3875
The ethical obligations of the counselor in this case is not so much in question as the timing of disclosure. The main question is: Should the counselor disclose the dangers of withholding HIV status before clients disclose this? This would be more ethically acceptable to clients' need to be informed of the disclosure obligations of the therapist before entering therapy. On the other hand, the drive to safeguard lives could
We may act according to our personal principles, or we can act according to our common sense. I tend to use my common sense rather than personal prejudice when making ethical decisions. Question 4: My ethical reasoning entails that I would carefully consider any ethical issue before making a decision about it. One major limitation involved in this is the fact that others may perceive me as morally weak. A morally
Ethics According to the dictionary definition, ethics refer to the "set of principles of right conduct, or more specifically, "the rules or standards governing the conduct of a person or the members of a profession." Ethics and morals are closely related, but ethics is the term more commonly used in the professional realm, whereas morals generally refer to guidelines for personal behavior. Both ethics and morals are reflections of beliefs and
Chapter 4: Administrative responsibility: The key to administrative ethics Administrators are responsible for complying with the law -- and also for complying with the administrative responsibilities. Ethics requires a delicate balancing of objective and subjective responsibilities on the part of administrators. All this is easier said than done, of course. The administrator's role is complicated by a network of often conflicting responsibilities -- responsibilities to his or her own ethics, to
However, according to Trevino and Nelson, diverting the runaway train to an alternative track will result in the death of one person who is standing unawares on the alternative track (95). What would be the best course of action in such a case? From a teleological perspective, diverting the train to the alternative track would seem most reasonable as it would save the life of five people. The end
Ethics is a branch of philosophy that deals with what areas of human interest? life after death b-god c-morality The answer is c. Ethics is the branch of philosophy that deals with moral questions, or the question of what actions are considered to be right or wrong. Moral rightness and moral wrongness are philosophical areas of inquiry, requiring analysis and debate. The ethics of an action can be debated on the intentions
Victor inwardly becomes a monster himself." (Kain, par. 5) On the other hand, Richard III was written by William Shakespeare. It is the story of Richard who secretly desired the throne of his brother. Although Richard is unattractive and considers himself as such, he is very charismatic. He has a strong personality and he is brilliant with his words and his arguments. In his desire for the thrown of his