Group Cohesion Discussing Group Cohesion Term Paper

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Individuals trust that agreement speaks something relating to the fact. Complying with the group norms hence fulfils our requirement relating to mastery. When individuals privately, show their compliance since they trust group norms represent fact, the group has the impact of information. At the time when the chances are high, individuals are more inspired to take correct decisions, and hence correspond even strongly. Going away from the agreement weaken the impact of the group. Additionally, it weakens confidence, and hence we could feel perplexed, apprehensive and ambiguous. (Smith; Mackie 315-319).

Norms accord us the feelings of linkage since compliance to group principles lead to achieving a positive as well as principled social identity and getting respect from the members of the other group. Compliance as such gives rise to encountering a view of belonging, and it indicates assurance to members of other groups. A group has positive impact at the time when individuals comply to cater to their requirements for linkages. Individuals who comply with group norms are prone to become positively assessed more strongly. As a result when people are not in conformity with their group norms, it weakens the individuality that is derived from that group. Individuals who comply with are happier compared to individuals who are not in compliance. Compliance to the group norms are achieved even while group members are absent, however the existence of group members enhances compliance to group norms in an increased manner. The influence of a group is also enhanced at the time when members strongly relate with their group, and at the time when the group take parts in deliberations regularly as well as closely. (Smith; Mackie 315-319).

Inter-relation of Group Cohesiveness and Group Norms

Researchers have generated several research works with regard to the influence of group cohesion with regard to the quality of group result or decision making irrespective of the fact that a positive influence among the group members is presently the really common. Comparatively, some researchers have connected the influence of cohesiveness with regard to the quality of the final outcome to other attributes of the group like group norms. The influence of group norms is focused on group cohesion and vice-versa. Increased levels of cohesion formulates into increased higher amounts of group norms. Those groups which tend to higher amounts of cohesion would tend to have higher amounts of group norms. Also increased levels of group cohesion depend on group norms. If a group has well-defined set of norms, it leads to better cohesion. Thus a well-cohesive group has well-defined group norms. (AlRoomi par: 4) Early studies as to the way group norms influence the attitudes of group members as well as their behaviors visualize that group members form or accept a shared judgmental or behavioral structure of reference which steers their judgments, approaches as well as activities. (Hogg; Terry 157)

Several researchers advocate that group cohesion cater to social order and group norms are more efficient in stringent societies. (Horne 255) Groups which are highly cohesive can insist on group norms, irrespective of what they are and are more successful than the less cohesive groups. The forces to be in conformity are larger. Since individuals weigh much to their membership in the cohesive groups, they are agreeable to regulate their behavior to that of the group standards. Even if there is the original 'storming' as well as conflict, if groups confirms, the norming duration goes on and members would comply. But external forces are also higher. Cohesive groups stress more pressure on the deviants in order to comply with group norms compared to less cohesive groups. The valences relating to group cohesion results appear to be heavily dependent upon what the group norms actually are. (Losh, par: 26-28)

Half a century ago while researching group efficacy, group dynamists could come to know about their astonishment of the effective results, for cohesive groups were prone to be polarized, either being very effective or very ineffective. They could detect that the average productivity relating to the cohesive groups was quite nearer compared to the less cohesive groups. If group norms are in consonance with the larger organization, the more cohesive groups overthrow the less cohesive groups. The problem is how to perform this. The analysts on effectiveness as well as persuasion detect that if groups are permitted to choose in fixing objectives, their dedication to the organization is extremely high. Incorporating the representative groups in the process of decision making for the complete organization also constructs dedication. (Losh, par: 26-28)

Explanation of Group Cohesion and Group Norms using the movie, "Twelve Angry Men"

The movie, "Twelve Angry Men" 'Twelve Angry Men' shows a debate of the jury in that the members of the jury come across inter-individual rivalries as well as intolerance to arrive at an agreement on the virtue of an alleged murderer. It reflects a glowing illustration of a group struggling to succeed by means of group cohesion as well as its concentration on well-set group norms. In one scene after another, we view the strong interactions prevalent among the jury members in a murder case. With the responsibility to perform one's duty, this group of jurors must indicate whether the alleged one is guilty or not. (Twelve Angry Men: Teams That Don't Quit, par: 1-3, 5). The movie Twelve Angry Men represents that inducement in groups could evolve through means of many techniques. Demonstrations on the basis of films could give rise to concerns like critical levels of thinking, ethics in the matter of persuasion; duties as well as maintenance parts in group processes; sources of authority; defensive interaction; and norms of advocacy and deliberation. (Proctor, par:1)

The movie makes it possible to comprehend regarding group cohesion as well as group norms that intend to accept duties for arriving at a decision as a team, equal status of the members of the team as associates in the system, as well as the required role pertaining to diversity in according efficient decisions. The movie visualizes that successful team leaders induce all to involve oneself on equal levels. It visualizes that a work group relied upon a decision cannot allow it to dissuade its duties but however ought to stay combined and operate via its differentiations. The functional principle for effective group is in terms of single vote per single person. Each idea is listened to without any verdict and comment and each idea has same worth. Moreover, when members of the team has a common objective and think it is responsible towards each other, conflict could securely be applied to visualize and comprehend different views. Ultimately, the movie also accords to our comprehension that qualitative decisions rely on using the experience relating to diversity existing in a group. The prominent lessons pertaining to diversity, leadership, deliberations, rivalries as well as consensus agreement accords due emphasis on visualizing 'Twelve Angry Men' as a mandatory viewing for any group, particularly the difficult teams. (Twelve Angry Men: Teams That Don't quit, par: 1-3, 5)

Conclusion

To conclude, it may be said that for any team or group to be successful, there has to be the elements of cohesion and norms. And group cohesion and group norms are dependent on each other to promote the success of groups. The movie "Twelve Angry Men" enables us to understand the importance of the principles of group cohesion and group norms for promoting a successful group or team.

References

AlRoomi, Dhari. The effect of Cohesion of Group Productivity. The MBA Journal. 23 February 2006. http://businessadministration.wordpress.com/2006/02/23/the-effect-of-cohesion-of-group-productivity/

Bostro, Alan; Bredemeier, Brenda Jo Light; Gardner, Douglas E; Shields, David Lyle Light. The Relationship between Leadership Behaviors and Group Cohesion in Team Sports. Journal of Psychology, vol. 131, no. 2, 1997. pp: 196-211.

Christensen, Ulla; Schmidt, Lone; Budtz-Jorgensen, Esben; Avlund, Kirsten. Group Cohesion and Social Support in Exercise Classes: Results from a Danish Intervention Study. Health Education & Behavior, vol. 33, No. 5, 2006, pp: 677-689

Glass, Scott. J; Benshoff, James. M. Facilitating group cohesion among adolescents through challenge course experiences. The Journal of Experiential Education. Fall, 2002. vol. 26, no. 2, pp: 47-51.

Mathes, Sharon; Matheson, Hilary; Murray, Mimi. The Effect of Winning and Losing on Female

Interactive and Coactive Team Cohesion. Journal of Sport Behavior, vol. 20, no. 3, 1997. pp: 284-288.

Horne, Christine. The Enforcement of Norms: Group Cohesion and Meta-Norms

Social Psychology Quarterly, vol. 64, no. 3, September, 2001, pp. 253-266.

Hogg, Michael a; Terry, Deborah J. Attitudes, Behavior, and Social Context: The Role of Norms and Group Membership. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Mahwah, NJ. 2000.

Losh, Susan Carol. Guide to the material; Six cohesiveness II. EDP5285-01: Spring, 2001. http://edp5285-01.sp01.fsu.edu/Guide6.html

Proctor, Russell F. Teaching Group Communication with Feature Films. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association. 77th, Atlanta, GA, October…[continue]

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