Human Rights in Human Security Research Paper

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As a result, many citizens continue suffering by losing business opportunities due to insecurity. They develop ineffective policies, implement them, and when they fail, blame it on local authorities. Therefore, the crime rate continues to go higher and the government remains quiet about offering long-term solutions to such problems (Griffin 110-111).


Long-term solutions or strategies are essential in helping an individual deal with their fears because they will have a clear direction of what to expect and what the public expects from each individual. For example, with good and clear policies, individuals will know when and how to expect help from the government. They can also learn about their individual rights and exercise them effectively to benefit them (Equality and Human Rights Commission). In addition to this, long-term strategies will also provide ways to deal with crime and violence as well as to prevent further occurrences of potential and actual problems. This way, people can work together towards prevention and control of insecurity and the denial of human rights. Lack of solid comparable data has also been a setback over time because there is nothing else to help create policy discussions. While the security communities and human rights are encouraging each other to coordinate and incorporate new ideas, there is still a gap in coordination and duplication of data to achieve change. This means that regardless of the efforts of the societal groups to solve crime, nothing much is attainable unless the government is willing and ready to step in (Freeman 99-103).

Challenges still arise in the evaluation of the implemented policies in that because of the instability of these policies, people tend to try other means that they believe can work for them. It becomes more complex to evaluate and conclude which policies work better when no one is willing to try the proposed policies. However, best practices and policies are still available among the public but challenges still arise when it comes to evaluation based on the particularities of human security contexts. Some scholars still argue that religious peace of mind, violence, crime and racism are the aspects surrounding the modern concept of human security and human rights (Foreign and Commonwealth Office). The idea of public and local authorities who are to be responsible for human security and human rights has been a setback for most authorities because they lack the support of the government. The concept of human security becomes traditional when the public applies their own understanding in the attempt of seeking solutions to arising problems (Alston 78).

Advancing policies in order to make solutions does not give a systematic explanation of the concept of human security (United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security). Most scholars would examine this from a political point-of-view and note that the concept is a discussion point of development. This is because they use their political influence to discipline individuals for political purposes, which helps them make policies. However, such policies do not make a long-term difference because they are not based on the interests and preference of the people. Apart from political, traditional and social aspects, physical aspects such as chronic threats also determine human security. For example, diseases, repression hurtful events in daily life and hunger. While human rights are dependent on the freedom of fear and want, human security is mostly dependent on freedom of fear. This is because many believe that one cannot need security if he is not fearful and vulnerable. Transitioning from vulnerability to courageous can only take place when a state has good policies to guide it into making the right decisions (Clapham 34-36).

It includes changing from extreme stress to territorial peace of mind, which is a much better way to sustain good policies depending on their affectivity. Human security is also grouped into a few categories involving health, personal, environmental and economic aspects (World Economic Forum). Through all these aspects, people need to exercise their rights in order to acquire the right decisions and skills for whatever areas they are involved in working. For example, food security requires that people have the freedom to choose what they prefer and on the other hand, the supplier ensures the food is not poisonous to people's health. Similarly, health security requires that people should be able to access whatever kind of environment they wish to but on the other hand, it also requires that the service providers ensure the environment is not polluted. This way, the government would have prevented potential and actual risks involved in the security of people and their rights. Personal security requires that human lives be protected against violence and criminal acts. The difference between traditional security and human security can compare to the difference between advanced and defense concepts (Human Security Alliance). This is because they do not contradict but relate in that one refers to the interests and preferences of the people while the other one does not. In such cases, people tend to settle for the majority preference with the hope that the results will be individually preferred (Pollis 15-18).


In conclusion, human rights in the human security context require that people understand the elements that make up the security system. This is because according to many, human security has become a way of promoting political positions and the global market and does not help the public make the right decisions regarding their security. This way, the society still faces insecurity and poor policies implementation because the motives of officials overshadow the interest and preference of the people. While human security may challenge universal inequalities, the universal health approach of a state must cooperate with the foreign policy. It will enable the state to develop good policies that will not only consider the interest of the people, but also use and explore their skills and talents. This is because they have implemented policies that protect the interests of individuals and human rights through traditional practices. Small organizations have become aware of the needs and demands of the public while the government has only continually engaged in different ways of raising the economy and political state. More governments need to come together in order to develop policies for change.

Works Cited

Alston Philip, Goodman Ryan. International Human Rights. New York: Oxford University


Banakar, R. (2010). Rights in Context: Law and justice in late modern society. New York: Ashgate Publishing.

Clapham Andrew. Human Rights Obligations of Non-State Actors (Collected Courses of the Academy of European Law). New York: Oxford University Press.2006.

Freeman Michael.. Human Rights: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Cambridge: Polity


Griffin James.On Human Rights. New York: Oxford University Press.2009

Lefebvre Alexandre. Human Rights as a Way of Life: On Bergson's Political Philosophy

(Cultural Memory in the Present). California: Stanford University Press. 2013

Merry E. Sally. Human Rights and Gender Violence: Translating International Law into Local

Justice (Chicago Series in Law and Society). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. 2006

Pollis Adamantia, Schwab Peter. Human Rights: New Perspectives, New Realities. Colorado:

Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2000 .

Sarat Austin, Kearns R. Thomas. Human Rights: Concepts, Contests, Contingencies. Michigan:

University of Michigan Press,2002.

Tadjbakhsh, S., & Chenoy, a.(2012). Human security: Concepts and implications. New York: Routledge.

United Nations. Protracted Refugee Situations: Political Human Rights and Security

Implications. New York: United Nations University Press.2008

Woodiwiss Anthony. Human rights: London: Routledge Chapman & Hall Publications.2005.

United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security. Human Security Approach. 2013. Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from

World Economic Forum. Global Risks. 2013. Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from

Human Security Alliance Human Security Related Documents. Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from

Hammarberg, Thomas. Human Rights and Gender Identity. Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from

Equality and Human Rights Commission. Why Teach Equality and Human Rights? Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from

Foreign and Commonwealth Office. Human Rights and Democracy 2012: Racism. Retrieved on July 26, 2013 from[continue]

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