Labor in China as it Term Paper

Download this Term Paper in word format (.doc)

Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formatting

Excerpt from Term Paper:



While cases such as that of Kukdong graphically illustrate the importance of CSR and codes of conduct, anti-sweatshop activists continue to display considerable hesitation and equivocation as they wrestle with implementing CSR in China. In the words of the late activist Trim Bissell of the Campaign for Labor Rights, China has become a "planetary black hole" attracting global production with its cheap labor, but "the anti-sweatshop movement has been without a China strategy."9For example, in January 2000, the University of California (UC) announced that it would not allow any university-licensed products to be produced in countries that do no tallow freedom of association and collective bargaining, in effect banning products made in China (China and the American Anti-Sweatshop Movement (http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:MfmUl9ll5pwJ:laborcenter.berkeley.edu/globaleconomy/china_american.pdf+china+sweatshops+unions&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=9&ie=UTF-8)."

Efforts are underway to accomplish several things when it comes to China's sweatshops. The first thing that the union and labor leaders are demanding is that the world pay closer attention to the attitudes and treatments of the companies that own the sweatshops.

This is important if the worldwide human rights activists want the workers in China's sweatshops to rise up and demand change those workers have to be comfortable that there will be at least a minimum standard of employee treatment that will be followed or insisted upon under the threat of fines if the company fails to comply.

Those working to stop the sweatshop existence and mentality in China also want the workers to have the right to organize. In America workers have the right to organize and form union alliances. If companies do not want unions to enter the mix they often work to be sure that they are offering similar perks, wages, and benefits that the employees could receive from a union. Allowing the workers of China organize and form union alliances will provide insurance that companies there will begin changing their employee treatment practices, and it will allow workers to form union groups to watch out for their best interests if they want to take that route.

The third concern that labor groups have with the sweatshops in China is a practice that began several years ago and appears to be growing. Workers in that country are often asked to wait for their paychecks, days, weeks and even months beyond their scheduled payday. They come to work, perform the work, produce the products which are sold for a profit and instead of being paid for their efforts thy are being told they will have to wait to receive their checks. This causes them to not be able to feed the families but it also allows the company to keep control over them. The more the worker is owed the less apt the worker is to quit because of fears that quitting the job will never get their paycheck for them.

So the companies promote the practice of not paying workers on time and they are able to keep them working for nothing. As they get more indebted to the worker they sometimes are known to simply fire the worker and move their operation to another location so that they cannot be tracked, leaving hundreds of workers without paychecks after laboring for weeks to make the company a profit.

There have also been numerous cases of overtime hours worked without overtime premium pay, and some cases where Chinese workers have been smuggled into the U.S. illegally, forced to pay tens of thousands of dollars to their smugglers, and made to sleep at their sewing machines at night. In August 2001, a San Francisco garment factory known as Wins of California closed down abruptly while owing 200 workers fourteen weeks of back pay, totaling around one million dollars.19The Chinese immigrant workers had not previously complained to the authorities about their lack of pay because this practice is common both in China and in Chinatowns. The authorities might never have known that this illegal practice was taking place if the employer had not closed her plant; even the paid factory monitor was not initially aware of it (China and the American Anti-Sweatshop Movement (http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:MfmUl9ll5pwJ:laborcenter.berkeley.edu/globaleconomy/china_american.pdf+china+sweatshops+unions&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=9&ie=UTF-8)."

AMERICAN UNION RESPONSE

American unions are working in two venues to halt the threat of companies here closing and taking their work overseas to China. The first line of defense has been to ease up on previous demands. The unions are still supporting the provision of a fair wage and good benefits, but strike threats are much less common in the hopes that the company will not close its doors and relocate to China.

The second thing that is being attempted is legislation to prevent companies from leaving the workers and going to China where the company can open a sweatshop.

It is important for union workers to understand the impact of ignoring the Chinese sweatshop issue. If unions in America do not unite in the quest to stop the sweatshops overseas then American companies will eventually begin to refuse to treat the employees well in America and simply threaten to move the operation to China.

CHINA WORKER RESPONSE

While American labor groups and union bosses work to right the wrongs in Chinese sweatshops it has provided the foundation for the China sweatshop workers to move for change.

But workers say some departments operate 100 hours a week with one shift of employees, leading to burnout. Pension benefits and annual bonuses were scaled back recently to cut costs, workers said. Each dorm room houses 10 workers in five bunks, 18 rooms to a floor, 180 workers to a bathroom, leading to long lines -- and sometimes to fights -- at the end of the evening shift (When Chinese Workers Unite, the Bosses Often Run the Union (http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/sweatshops/1436.html)."

CONCLUSION

It is important to the worldwide labor market to assist the workers in China in stopping sweatshop labor. For many years the mentality of companies there has been mistreating employees was an acceptable practice. Today, however, with the globalization of workers it becomes evident that many areas of the globe treat workers with dignity and respect. To prevent the closing of American company doors with a move to China by companies trying to avoid union organization it is important that American union workers and the join together and demand that the American government begin using sanction and other tactics to force China to follow universal standards of employee treatment.

References

Frequently Asked Questions About Sweatshops and Women Workers

http://www.feminist.org/other/sweatshops/sweatfaq.html (Accessed 5-25-06)

US union to tour China factories (Accessed 5-25-06)

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/3706779.stm

China and the American Anti-Sweatshop Movement (Accessed 5-25-06)

http://64.233.161.104/search?q=cache:MfmUl9ll5pwJ:laborcenter.berkeley.edu/globaleconomy/china_american.pdf+china+sweatshops+unions&hl=en&gl=us&ct=clnk&cd=9&ie=UTF-8

When Chinese Workers Unite, the Bosses Often Run the Union (Accessed 5-25-06)

http://www.globalexchange.org/campaigns/sweatshops/1436.html

THE WORLD'S SWEATSHOP: CAPTIVE UNIONS

New York Times December 29, 2003

http://www.senser.com/02-11-12.htm (Accessed 5-25-06)

In Spite of Corporate Codes of Conduct

Sweatshops Still Plague China's Workers

Vol. VII, Bulletin No. 4.

April 8, 2002 Mass Protests Break Out in Industrial Northeast

China's Workers Struggling To Be Heard (Accessed 5-25-06)

http://www.senser.com/02-04-08.htm[continue]

Cite This Term Paper:

"Labor In China As It" (2006, May 25) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-in-china-as-it-70607

"Labor In China As It" 25 May 2006. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-in-china-as-it-70607>

"Labor In China As It", 25 May 2006, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/labor-in-china-as-it-70607

Other Documents Pertaining To This Topic

  • China s Intellectual Property Rights Current Issues Strategic Considerations...

    China's Intellectual Property Rights: Current Issues, Strategic Considerations And Problem Solving In this paper, the focus is primarily on the Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) that are given to individuals within the Republic of China. The paper starts off by defining IPR and the different ways that IPR is provided like copyright infringement. The paper them moves on to define IPR and its progression in China through the imperialistic years, the era

  • Labor Unions Are Associations of Workers for

    Labor unions are associations of workers for the purpose of improving the economic status and working conditions of the employees through collective bargaining with employers (Union pp). The two general types of unions are the horizontal, or craft, union, which is composed of members who are skilled in a particular craft, such as the International Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America, and the vertical, or industrial, union, which includes

  • Labor Issues Around the World

    Many Chinese workers, including children, are forced to work in poor conditions (Ka Wai, 2004). Many workers are working in the town ship and village factories. According to a government report in 1984, the majority of township and village enterprises in China have at least one major problem that causes occupational disease. Many factory workers are working in dangerous conditions, in which poisonous chemicals, dust, and noise are predominant. As

  • China Corporation Chinese Firms Have

    L billion in 2007. This growth can be seen to represent the increasing interest of Chinese firms in acquiring resources, technology and brands outside of their own country (Carpenter & Wyman, 2009). Lenovo was able to seal the deal essentially by acting like a Western firm. It did not approach the deal from the same perspective as say, the way that CNOOC did with its unsolicited bid and ultimately failed bid

  • China and India Economy During

    The Chinese policy makers had already managed to implement the efforts in the sense of market liberalization, stabilization and privatization. But in order to ensure that economic growth would follow, they needed to also ensure that the government would act as a facilitating force. Emphasis was for instance placed on the offering of incentives or the improvement of the relationships and collaboration between the private entities and the state

  • China s Power and Responsibility A

    Week 6. China's Democratisation: Implications for International Relations Is it a fantasy to expect China's democratization through trade and engagement with the West? It is rather difficult to consider trade as being a democratization tool. Indeed at the moment, political affairs and economic affairs are connected and interdependent. However, China represents a totally different political system and is one of the most important actors on the global economic scene. The East -- West

  • China s Growth and Its Effect

    China's Rise: The strategic Stake While we have so far discussed the positive economic impact of a growing China from the perspective of Australia, there are also some concerns about China's growing stature and the changing strategic balance. As a communist nation, the U.S. And its allies including Japan have always viewed China with caution. China has repeatedly claimed that it is fully committed to peaceful economic growth as Zha Peixin,


Read Full Term Paper
Copyright 2016 . All Rights Reserved