Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
This stream-of-consciousness writing is in a secret journal, for the writer will get into trouble if what she writes is found by Sister Theo, who "checks our letters home. We're not allowed to say anything about the school" (Sterling 12). If the journal is discovered, the girl may suffer abuse at the hands of the teachers. Writing is an act of defiance that the girl sees to be worth the risk.
The time of the story was a disturbing part of Canada's history. The use of Residential Schools actually predates Canada's existence as a country (meaning before Confederation in 1867, and the system served as a means of containment and control if the Indian population. As the Europeans acted out the myth of the New World as an undiscovered and undeveloped land, the existence of the Aboriginal peoples complicated the myth and challenged the government that was instituted. Policies were devised to address the "Indian problem" by erasing Aboriginal cultures in a program of systematic racism. According to the 1895 amendments to the Indian Act, the government had the legal authority to compel children to attend Residential Schools, and a 1920 amendment threatened parents with punishment if they failed to comply. The separation from family suffered by Seepeetza was thus imposed by government fiat, with no regard for how this would affect the child involved. The effort was directed at destroying the native languages, striking at the heart of native culture because language is an essential means of creating and maintaining culture. This was one way to weaken the ties to home and to a collective identity. The consequences were numerous and can be described in terms of social pathologies (social diseases) afflicting the native population since, such as problems of identity after years of being taught to hate themselves and their culture, disruptions in the family as parenting skills and family history were not passed from one generation to the next, the abuse used as the means of control being passed on to subsequent generations, and alienation from their own culture.
The story of Seepeetza, however, shows how the family and the culture can be suppressed but not eliminated completely so long as intelligent children like Seepeetza remember and seek to keep those memories. When she first reaches the school, the experience is emotional and disorienting as she finds her identity under assault from the moment she arrives. Among the methods used to break down Seepeetza's identity were approaches that were physical, emotional, and psychological, as with the supposed medical procedure used by the staff:
When Sister Maura came back she made all the girls line up and she put coal oil in our hair to kill nits and lice, even though we didn't have them. She made us get haircuts, take baths, and put on smocks, bloomers and undershirts, all exactly alike. (Sterling 18)
Individuality ism not tolerated, and Seepeetza even has her name taken from her. Certainly, religion is used as a club to bring the naive children into line:
Sister Maura taught us how to pray on our knees with our hands folded. Then she told us about devils. She said they were waiting with chains under our beds to drag us into the fires of hell if we got up and left our beds during the night. (Sterling 19)
Religion is not a family value when it is used to separate the children from their families.
Again and again, Seepeetza's natural inclinations are stifled by the system, yet she continues to show her true nature in her writings an in her drawings, both of which are creative outlets for the expression denied her in daily life. Even as she adopts some of what she is taught, she does so in her own peculiar way. She has a dream of St. Joseph that comforts her and helps her with her fear of the devils. In this dream, St. Joseph addresses her as Seepeetza and has long dark hair and calloused hands like her father (Sterling 83-4). She puts the religious figure in her own context. Still, an alien faith is being imposed on the children, along with an alien culture.
The effect extends to the parents as well, for Seepeetza's parents refuse to teach their children their language in order to protect them. One form of escape for Seepeetza is drawing, though here again, she has to keep her drawings within certain parameters and cannot express herself as directly a she might want.
For Vitto, family and culture remain connected, though he does suffer the loss of family in several ways throughout his life even as he finds himself once more by looking to the past and reconnecting with his family. Seepeetza suffers a greater loss when both her family and her culture are denied to her, not by the normal circumstances of life, but by a willful government intent in destroying a people. Both find a degree of salvation in the creative act of developing their selves and in finding a way to express themselves in writing, drawing, or religious observance.
Ricci, Nino. The Lives of the Saints. Toronto: Cormorant Books, 2003.
"Loss Of Family Is A" (2007, July 11) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/loss-of-family-is-a-73249
"Loss Of Family Is A" 11 July 2007. Web.4 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/loss-of-family-is-a-73249>
"Loss Of Family Is A", 11 July 2007, Accessed.4 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/loss-of-family-is-a-73249
As one commentator notes; "What this adds up to is, in my view, a significant shift in the balance of work and family life. Roles are changing, the nature of care is changing, and the stress related to juggling the balance is increasing (Edgar, 1997, p. 149) A number of statistics also help to outline the nature of the family structure in a developed economy like Australia. In terms of
E. non-conflict) situations. Applying the same techniques of maintaining a loving relationship and still communicating your own issues, while remaining calm and open to hearing the other person's complaints and issues, is a simplified way of viewing the majority of conflict management techniques. Prioritization during conflicts, even those that ultimately lead to the dissolution of a relationship, is also essential to successfully managing the conflict (Chapman 340). Though conflicts ending in
Family Assessment Description of Family / Genogram Profile of Family The 'T' family has been chosen for the completion of this assignment. Mr. T is the 95-year-old patriarch. His wife and mother of their two children is Mrs. T, 92 years of age. Their children are Wilma and Leon; ages 60 and 62 respectively. Theirs is a nuclear family. Both husband and wife are quick to affirm their lives are full of joy
Family to Family Pipes, Jerry & Victor Lee. (1999). Family to family. Alpharetta: North American Mission Board, The Christian-focused psychology text Family to family offers family counseling with a spiritual orientation. The book is designed to address the difficulties many modern families face, including competing schedules, generational clashes, and having a sense of strong moral values in a secular society. Spending time together in a spiritual fashion can give families an oasis
43). In The Odyssey, Jocasta demonstrates loyalty to her family by urging Odysseus to give up his pursuit for the truth. She literally begs him to stop quarrelling with Creon but he refuses to listen to her. He becomes obsessed to Jocasta's demise. When he tells his wife, "I will not listen; the truth must be made known" (Sophocles Oedipus 825), she knows that she has lost her husband. The
Family Break Up For a humane, the word 'community' hints at people trying to work out solutions to common problems. The term 'community' generally stands for a group that is bigger and more diverse than a family or any group of people bound together with relationships. It also has more elements than being of the same neighborhood or enclave, though not as large as a county or a nation. Certainly it
family therapy models, diagnosis and principles are compared based upon Bowen's Transgenerationaland/Family Systems model with Minuchin's Family therapy. Later on, we will see the link between the two and the relationship of each model to divorce. In the case study, we will attempt to apply the lessons of the Bowen/Ackerman and Minuchin style approaches to get to the underlying causes of a patient's depressive disorder. The goal of the counseling