Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
True, men are in teaching jobs. Men have equal partnerships in marriage. Men stay home to raise children. Yet, Americans still hold onto ideals -- both subconscious and conscious -- that men must still be the protector, the provider, and the family leader (Brescoll & Uhlmann, 2005). Even though most people found it socially acceptable when asked directly, Brescoll and Uhlmann (2005) found that both women and men had lower opinions of mothers who worked full time and men who were full time fathers. Additionally, it is still socially unacceptable for men to show affection and to step back while their wife or another woman takes the lead (Watts & Borders, 2005).
Macionis explains that the protection theme for men also applies to their abilities to their expected abilities of bravery and self-sacrifice: "It is the same double standard... that moves women and children out of harm's way and expects men to 'go down with the ship' or die defending their country on the battlefield" (p. 241). Men are still considered less emotional than women, with many adolescent boys admitting that they have never seen their father cry or show emotions beyond anger (Watts & Borders, 2005). Beyond this, men and boys are also under extreme scrutiny if they ever find themselves in a position where it looks as if they have taken advantage of what is still considered to be privileged status: that of simply being a man (Macionis, 2000). For example, men (white men in particular) who have become managers, CEOs or other leaders are often accused of reaching these positions only because they are men. Such accusations are common whether or not they are true (Macionis, 2000).
Critics of this viewpoint may suggest that it is wishful thinking (on the part of men in general) to say that men are still expected to take on these traditional roles. One might imagine that many men wish to regain the glory days of being in charge, calling all of the shots, and taking care of his family's affairs on his own. However, the evidence could not be more to the contrary. Today's men are doing everything they can to avoid responsibility and to keep themselves as malleable as possible. Lindsay (2005) cites the trend of many men marrying later. Additionally, more than 40% of young men moving back in with their parents following college. Men are also having children much later, often waiting until their mid-to-late thirties to start a family (Lindsay, 2005). This is far removed from their parents' generation, who often got married and had children young, even if it did often end in divorce (Macionis, 2000). It is also nothing like their grandparents' generation -- the traditional generation -- where people married early and stayed married (Lindsay, 2005).
What is the role of today's American man? His role is to be cautious and to adapt. He can no longer assume authority and must assess for himself whether he and his family are comfortable with the roles they eke out as father, husband, and man. He may take on a traditional job, but he must be ready to defend his position and income as something that he did not choose solely because of his sex. Alternately, he can take a nontraditional job or be a stay at home father. In this role his male peers, and even female peers, are more likely to consider him less "manly" and strong. This very difficult line to walk is likely the reason that more men in today's America are cautious. In contrast to men twenty years ago, today's men must know both the traditional and the equality-driven expectations that exist for them. Men today are taking their time to discover for themselves how best to bridge the gap between these expectations and current social acceptance.
Brescoll, V., & Uhlmann, E. (2005). Attitudes toward traditional and nontraditional parents. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 29(4), 436-445. Retrieved Monday, December 11, 2006 from the Academic Search Premier database.
Lindsay, G. (2005, June). Man vs. man: Did marketing kill the great american alpha male? Advertising Age, 76, p.1.
Macionis, J.J. (2000). Society: The basics. Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Soroka, M.P., & Bryjak, G.J. (1995). Social problems: A world at risk. Boston: Allyn…[continue]
"Male Role Man's Role Bridging" (2006, December 11) Retrieved October 24, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/male-role-man-bridging-40996
"Male Role Man's Role Bridging" 11 December 2006. Web.24 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/male-role-man-bridging-40996>
"Male Role Man's Role Bridging", 11 December 2006, Accessed.24 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/male-role-man-bridging-40996
For example, women are taught to collaborate, and affirm rather than subvert other people in conversation. But women can recognize that the need to speak up when provoked, if they are conscious of their conversational tendency. A woman whose idea is stolen by a male co-worker in an aggressive, male-dominated firm that praises competition cannot simply complain to her boss after the meeting where the co-worker claimed 'their' idea
Role of Spirituality in the Treatment of Depression Over the last thirty years, one of the most interesting paradoxes in the study and treatment of depression has been that increased knowledge about the biomedical and genetic causes of the disease has been coupled with a renewed interest in the effect of religion and spirituality on human mental health and well-being. No matter how religion and spirituality are defined -- and many
The EPA conducted a study on the effectiveness of the amnesty program after three years of implementation on May 17, 1999. It found that, during the study period, 455 entities had revealed violations of 1,850 facilities and that the rate of disclosure had also gone up. The EPA also noted that the amnesty policy was most beneficial in four major areas. These were overall benefit to human health and
Change, however, rather than pure survival propels newly female created and depicted Italian women -- in Barolini, women are not forces of the home front and reaction and religion, as they are in male urban narratives. Rather, beginning even in Barolini's Italian Calabria, women propel a family destiny of fundamental change. After the first years of struggle, the woman and her husband relocate the family to upstate New York where
"In other words, these results may reflect the effects of disorganization in interhemispheric processing of information, as well as intrahemispheric competition" (Fitzgerald & Greiner, 1992, p. 396). In fact, because every individual is unique, formulating across-the-board generalizations about adult stutterers can be misleading, but there have been some valuable insights gained from the treatment of adult stutterers and these issues are discussed further below. Treatment of Adult Stuttering. Research has shown
Communication Differences of Men and Women That women and men communicate very differently is an idea that has attracted the attention of the media since the 1990s. The debate has been so intense and the variations so apparent, that such books as 'Men are from Mars, Women are from Venus', which postulate that the two genders must have originated from different planets, have become some of the century's bestsellers. It is
Therefore, Americans seeking to do business with Saudi nationals would be well advised to research their prospective Saudi counterparts thoroughly but to make preparations to travel to Saudi Arabia first before actually initiating contact with Saudi business people. Doing so and calling after arriving in Saudi Arabia instead of initiating contact from abroad demonstrates awareness of and respect for Saudi business customs right off the bat and in a way