Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
ablechild.org),child abuse allegations appear to be infrequent, perhaps because states are moving to pass laws that to some degree limit what schools can say or do regarding ADHD and other behavioral disorders.
To date, according to activists who track the issue, seven states have laws prohibiting school personnel from recommending psychotropic drugs for children. Over the past few years, 46 bills in 28 states have either passed or are awaiting action (Hearn, 2004)." recent study in Australia produced even more shocking results. According to this study on ADHD children and misdiagnosed there were a full 75% of the children in the study misdiagnosed. According to the published report following the study the children being medicated with stimulant medications were at risk for side affects and addiction for a medication they did not even need to take (Clarke, 2004).
In our experience, many of the children misdiagnosed with ADHD in fact are assessed to be suffering from significant developmental and learning disorders; attachment problems, anxiety or depression (Clarke, 2004)." Coupled with the misdiagnosis was the nationally high rate of prescriptions of stimulant drugs prescribed by WA doctors to treat ADHD - due, the report said, to a lack of knowledge about other possible therapies. "By virtue of their training and workload it is likely that pediatricians are more prone to use drug therapy in the first instance than the other therapies recommended for the management of ADHD," the report said. "There may be many children receiving stimulant medication when it is not necessary or warranted," the report said (Clarke, 2004)."
Doctors see children with ADHD. They also sees children with learning disabilities, depression, dysfunctional families, hearing loss, severe anxiety, seizure disorders, psychosis and plain old boredom who have had ADHD misdiagnosed by doctors (Poirot, 2000).
The children are inattentive, energetic and impulsive, they fidget, daydream, don't pay attention and are academic underachievers. For these kids, the physician's long-held dictum, "First, do no harm," requires a prerequisite: First, get the diagnosis right (Poirot, 2000).
The National Institute of Mental Health says the incidence of ADHD among school-aged children in this country is 3 to 5%. The American Academy of Pediatrics puts it at about 8%.
But, in some schools, Haber says, 15% of the children are taking medication _ mostly Ritalin or Dexedrine _ to treat ADHD."
Haber also warns against using Ritalin as an enhancement drug to help perfectly healthy children concentrate and perform better in school or on tests. "It's like using steroids for enhancement in athletics. That's nonsense. it's just not acceptable," he says. Behavior, depression or anxiety that may make the diagnosis more difficult or complicate treatment.
The guidelines for diagnosis remind clinicians to check into other possible causes or problems when the list seems to fit for ADHD. In addition the clinicians are cautioned against making assumptions, especially when it comes to small children who may just be slower to develop emotionally.
Stimulant medications carry risks of addiction, heart related issues and other things that are not something that should be risked on children who do not have definitive need for the medication. There are several studies indicating that ADHD is a real disorder but that there are many children on medications that do not actually have a defined diagnosis.
It is important to the future health of children to work on a more definable diagnosis process and to take the process out of the hands of schools and teachers and leave it up to the medical profession. This will significantly reduce the chance of medicating children who do not have the disorder.
Children and Adults with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
Copyright © 1996-2005
Kids on drugs? (News Shorts).(an investigation into treatment of attention deficit disorder is launched in the U.S.)(Brief Article)
Practical Homeschooling; 11/1/2000
Some parents just say 'whoa' to school-required medications; as parents seek more legal protection, controversy over drugs' impact deepens.(FEATURES)(CURRENTS)
The Christian Science Monitor; 6/14/2004
Byline: Kelly Hearn Correspondent of the Christian Science Monitor
BEHAVIORAL DRUGS in SCHOOLS:PATTI JOHNSON
Congressional Testimony; 9/29/2000
WA: 75 per cent of ADHD diagnoses in WA wrong, report says
AAP General News (Australia); 11/10/2004
AAP General News (Australia)
Pediatrician says attention-deficit disorder…[continue]
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Attention Deficit HyperactivITY Disorder DIAGNOSIS IN CHILDREN Historical Records Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is a diverse behavioral set of symptoms described by the hub indication of impulsivity, hyperactivity and inattention. Even as, these symptoms have a tendency to gather together, some individuals are for the most part hyperactive and impetuous, even as others are predominantly inattentive. This disease affects both toddlers and adults of all ages and should be taken seriously. When
" Symptoms of ADHD include poor impulse control, carelessness, oppositional behaviors, not following rules. These same symptoms are often cited as manifestations of giftedness (Hartnett, 2006). One of the hallmark symptoms of ADHD is social problems (Chamberlain, 2003). Children with ADHD often have trouble with impulse control, keeping their hands to themselves and other things that make them unpopular. While many children with these issues may have ADHD these symptoms can also be
However, in spite of the fact that they knew when and why they failed in doing something, they were unable to come up with an effective plan to solve the condition. Boys were mainly indifferent to the reaction others displayed at their behavior while girls were severely affected by anything that was a direct result of their behavior (Krueger, and Kendall). Most ADHD adults are capable to understand their condition
In stark contrast, in the adult population of individuals with bipolar disorder, females outnumber males slightly (Egan 2008, p.11).These discrepancies indicate a profile of a more 'difficult child' rather than the specific disease-related pattern of manic depression. The malleable nature of childhood reality presents another difficulty in diagnosis. While a dissociation from reality is one of the manifestations of bipolarity in adults, "it's normal for children to pretend that
Bipolar psychiatric disorder (BD) -- which is characterized by "…cycles of depression and mania" -- is a "euphoric, high-energy state" that can produce remarkable bursts of creativity or, on the other hand, can produce erratic behavioral events that are risky and provocative (Gardner, 2011). About 2.4% of the world's population has been diagnosed with bipolar disorder (at one time or another in their lifetime) but the rate in the United
The symptoms of ADHD, as described above, may simply be the behavior of a normal child. "Except for a minority of cases involving distinct medical problems such as hyperthyroidism and explicit brain injuries, most youngsters diagnosed with ADHD may simply be normal, highly playful children who have difficulty adjusting to certain institutional expectations." (Panksepp) Ritalin is used by so many people because it seems to be easier than dealing with