Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Foremost, though, is the Nietzschian concept that freedom is never free -- there are costs; personal, societal, and spiritual. To continue that sense of freedom, one must be constantly vigilant and in danger of losing that freedom, for the moment the individual gasps a sigh of relief and feels "free" from contemplating freedom, tyranny will ensue. He believed that it was the internal cost that contained value. This, however, still presents a problem for Nietzsche, in that he must find a way to connect the objective -- the rose is beautiful, with the "idea" of beauty (essence). Thus, the idea of freedom and the objective reality of freedom are dependent upon the manner in which the individual perceives their own path towards such a concept. Remembering that Nietzsche lived while monarchs still reigned, his view of freedom from a political and cultural paradigm was heavily influenced by Bismarckian politics, which were anything but democratic and "free." Instead, likely opting out of the tradition of Hobbes, people are born into a state in which they cannot be initially free since they are barbarian and must be controlled (Nietzsche, 1982, 224-8).
Now, extrapolating this idea further, we find that for Nietzsche, free will is thus synonymous with freedom. Freedom, the decision made by the individual for the individual, has a result. It has two parts -- the idea and will to make the decision and the follow through to make the decision important and something worthwhile. However, along with the ability to be free, the ability to think, and the ability to actualize, comes the responsibility for the same -- to society (e.g. one's fellow beings), but mostly to oneself. After all, who if not the self would both benefit and suffer if the journey towards freedom were not to materialize? While Nietzsche simultaneously believes that on one is completely responsible for the external forces that engage our lives, there are always issues internally that change one's role and accentuate the idea of self- or persona responsibility (Reginster, 2006, 195-7).
What then, are we as humans to do in order to live a happier, more productive life in which we can genuinely move in the direction of actualization? One idea is to learn from the past, to explore the fundamental human values since humans have been able to conceptualize the abstract, and take comfort in the Aristotelian view that "Happiness comes in the journey, not the destination." This is the view of the grand historical tradition of philosophy in the Death of God and the Meaning of Life, in which the question of not only actualization, but the entire reason for being is examined. Certainly, no past philosopher has been able to conclusively link the human condition with an actuality of being to the point of a positive proof. Instead, different approaches to humanity, and our continual struggle, have had various degrees of philosophical success. Is there one right answer for everyone? Likely not, but are there some maxims that can make the world a more enjoyable place to embark upon a journey of continual learning, intellectual and emotional joy, and moments of profound understanding and juxtaposition with the universe? Yes, it seems as if there are those moments. Looking at the process of life, one is cautioned to attempt to refrain from using external modes of control to define oneself, of allowing cultural mechanisms to overcome one's basic instincts for greatness, and, "to be any kind of a person, one's life must have a unity to it, the continuity and coherence which comes from constructing one's life as a work of art" (Young, 2003, 117).
REFERENCES & WORKS CONSULTED
Camus, a. (1942). The Myth of Sisyphus. Cited in:
Kelly, R. (1998). Arthur Schopenhauer -- Essays. Cited in:
Kierkegaard, S., R. Bretall, ed. (1973). A Kierkegaard Anthology. Princeton, NJ: Princenton
Landau-Shafer, R. (2008). "Ethical Subjectivism," in J. Feinberg and R. Shafe-Landau, eds. Reason and Responsibility: Readings in Some Basic Problems of Philosophy. Belmont, CA: Cenage.
Large, D. (2009). "Introduction and Notes." Nietzsche, F. Twilight of the Idols. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, i-xii.
McGrath, S.J. (2008). Heidegger: A Very Critical Introduction. Grand Rapids, MI:
Nietzsche, F. (2004). Twilight of the Idols and Antichrist. Mieola, NY: Dover.
____. W. Kaufmann, ed. (1982). The Portable Nietzsche. New York: Penguin.
Reginster, B. (2006). The Affirmation of Life: Nietzsche on Overcoming Nihilism.
Boston: Harvard University Press.
Shaw, T. (2007). Nietzsche's Political Skepticism.…[continue]
"Nietzsche And Nihilism The World" (2010, December 18) Retrieved December 3, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nietzsche-and-nihilism-the-world-5708
"Nietzsche And Nihilism The World" 18 December 2010. Web.3 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nietzsche-and-nihilism-the-world-5708>
"Nietzsche And Nihilism The World", 18 December 2010, Accessed.3 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/nietzsche-and-nihilism-the-world-5708
Nietzsche and Nihilism "Nihilism" was the term used by Friederich Nietzsche to describe what he considered the devaluation of the highest values posited by the ascetic ideal. The age in which he lived was viewed by the German philosopher as one of passive nihilism, which he defined as the unawareness of the fact that the religious and philosophical absolutes had dissolved in the emergence of the 19th century Positivism. Since traditional
Similarly, Zarathustra's time in the mountains offered him wisdom, knowledge that he needed to share with others; thus he resolved to "go under" (Nietzsche 10), and share the truth with the unenlightened 'herd.' Much of society is founded on this central tenet of education being a central good, and indeed everyday interaction seems to be predicated on the assumption that ignorance is potentially harmful. For example, many alcoholics are
Nietzsche's Woman is by turns simply a reflection of common attitudes of the time, although he occasionally sees her in a more sympathetic view. In a modern light, the understanding of Nietzsche's philosophy has often been tainted by the view of his writings as racist and misogynist. Indeed, a cursory look shows that Nietzsche's perception of women is largely negative and unflattering. Nonetheless, the great philosopher is sometimes clearly sympathetic
Philosophy In Die Welt als Wille und Vorstellung (The World as Will and Representation), German philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer presents his core philosophies. One of the themes in The World as Will and Representation is the function of the human will as providing the impetus for the manifest world and not just the means for understanding that world. In this way, Schopenhauer distinguishes himself from Kant and distances himself from the Kantian
Life and Death and Freud and Nietzsche What are the similarities between Plato's concept of life after death and the early Christian concept of life after death? How did later Christians combine these concepts? What is the evidence that Jesus came back to life after execution? Plato is often considered as one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived. He wrote about the concepts of justice and social order, of moral right
But the progress of philosophy in Nietzsche's modern age and the progress of science has actually denied the mystery of God and helped create an atheistic period. In such a period where the effort of philosophy is strongly empirical, the soul also has been sacrificed. But because it has been sacrificed, in a way the sacrifice renews religion. People sacrifice themselves to God. This can be seen in the
In this "slave morality," as Nietzsche states, the values of the master morality, which are proper, and turned around, which undermines the natural order. He believes the natural order was that the strong continue to succeed at the cost of the weaker members of society. In response to their lowered status in the order, the caste used their hatred, revenge, and resentment to create morals that would weaken the master