Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
Those discussions eventually allowed the client to realize that, for her part, she would not necessarily have worried very much about marital status had the same situation occurred after she had lost her parents, or in the alternative, if her parents had never expressed such acute concern about it.
During that discussion, the therapist was careful to steer the client away from the conclusion that she caused Carlos to start taking drugs and to deal with the problem in the relationship by withdrawing entirely. On the other hand, the therapist assisted the client to understand that marriage "by ultimatum" is never conducive to happiness and that continual arguments in that regard often result in the breakup of a relationship or in the progression of a relationship to marriage despite the fact that at least one partner does not genuinely desire to be married or to be married yet. The outcome of that series of discussions was that the client came to understand that: (1) it is inappropriate for parents to control the lives or decisions of adult children by implying or by actually threatening to withdraw their emotional support and love; (2) the anxiety the client experienced as the result of parental expectations about out-of-wedlock children caused her to exert so much pressure on her partner that he chose to escape; and (3) the fact that her partner chose to escape in the manner that he did was not the client's responsibility.
The other main area of focus was the incongruence between the patient's intellectual desire to forgive her current boyfriend for his infidelity with her emotional response. More specifically, the therapist employed the same techniques as employed in the previous issue and steered the discussions in a direction that enable the client to: (1) recognize that she was still much more angry with Lenny that could allow herself to acknowledge; (2) that her resistance to that reality (incongruence) was a direct function of her fear of losing him; (3) that part of her attachment to Lenny also pertained to her fears about her parents' reaction to her becoming a single mother and having to find a husband who would accept another man's child as his own; determine whether or not, in reality, Lenny exhibited the qualities (such as the capacity to be trusted to be faithful in the future) and the other qualities that the client needed and had the right to expect in her life partner; and (4) that facing the reality of the situation would require the client to evaluate Lenny objectively without fear of the consequences of leaving him if leaving him was the best decision for the client and her son in the long run.
Toward that end, the therapist shared several personal anecdotes about being attached to a partner for the wrong reasons, resistance to acknowledging the truth and to responding genuinely to situations because of the fear of potential consequences, and (especially) the rightness of the decision to terminate certain relationships from a retrospective life view.
The client originally presented with the inability to recognize that her profound fear of parental disapproval had dictated reactions to her pregnancy on her part that substantially contributed to the deterioration of her relationship with her child's father. Given the client's predisposition toward low self-regard and responsibility for not being able to "keep a man in [her] life," the therapist had to be extremely careful to point out the conceptual difference between understanding situations and assigning blame. In that regard, the therapist also suggested and supported the idea that something fundamental was wrong with Carlos as a candidate for long-term partnership (i.e. marriage) simply by virtue of his resistance to the idea after becoming a father in the fourth year of an intimate relationship that had been mutually fulfilling up to that point. The client ultimately came to understand that while she might have reacted differently absent the oppressing fear of parental disapproval, it was not her fault that Carlos was not interested in marriage.
The client also came to recognize that while she has already chosen to forgive Lenny for his infidelity, that decision was also motivated by fear of losing him and by the fear of parental response to her being alone again as the mother of a child. She realized that she was not emotionally ready to forgive Lenny. More importantly, she came to understand that once she confronted the incongruence between her intellectual choice and her emotional response (or state) and the incongruence between her hopes about Lenny and the possible reality he presented as a person, she would have to spend more time considering whether or not she could, indeed, forgive him from the perspective of re-establishing trust based on his deserving that renewed trust. The client left therapy with a personal commitment to maintain a positive self-regard that was as independent as possible of parental approval, and a commitment to re-evaluate her decision to spend her life with a man who had already been unfaithful to her once.
Cepeda, L.M. And Davenport, D.S. "Person-centered therapy and solution-focused brief therapy: An integration of present and future awareness. Psychotherapy: Theory,
Research, Practice, Training, Vol. 43, No. 1 (2006): 1-12.
Friedlr, K., King, M.B., Lloyd, M., and Horder, J. "Randomised controlled assessment of non-directive psychotherapy vs. routine general-practitioner care."
The Lancet, Vol. 350, No. 9092 (1997): 1662 -- 1665.
Kirschenbaum, H. And Jourdan, a. "The current status of Carl Rogers and the person-
centered approach." Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, Vol.
42, No. 1 (2005): 37-51.
Murdock, N.L. (2008). Theories of Counseling and Psychotherapy Textbook. A Case
Approach. Second Edition. Prentice-Hall: New York.
Schmid, P.F. "The Characteristics of a Person-Centered Approach to Therapy and Counseling: Criteria for identity…[continue]
"Person-Centered Counseling Case Study This" (2012, February 15) Retrieved December 4, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/person-centered-counseling-case-study-this-54274
"Person-Centered Counseling Case Study This" 15 February 2012. Web.4 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/person-centered-counseling-case-study-this-54274>
"Person-Centered Counseling Case Study This", 15 February 2012, Accessed.4 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/person-centered-counseling-case-study-this-54274
Person centered values have been a revolutionary force, not only in my personal life, but also in psychological research and practice as well as many service models. In fact, many psychologists view the person centered approach as the founding work of an entire humanistic field of psychotherapies that focus on the core of person centered values. Humans, as social creatures, seem predisposed to responding well to certain interactions that are
In some cases, a person may for example see self-actualization as a reason to perpetuate an abusive or oppressive relationship. My task will then be considerably complicated. If I for example believe a person to be in mortal danger because of his or her self-actualization beliefs, I will need to involve the police, other legal, or social services. Such issues may also require me to testify in court or during
Indeed, interaction with the patient on this point would demonstrate a very poor inhalant technique, a factor which the physician failed to consider before increasing the patient's dosage. Additionally, the physician failed to check concordance with respect to the patient's history of medicine use. This might have revealed some shortcoming in the subject's own methods of self-administering medication, including inconsistent usage and occasionally skipped doses. A useful instrument for
Aunt Hattie and Chester What might Chester have done to avoid this tragic outcome? Relatives like Chester want the best for their family and loved ones. However, when Aunt Hattie was no longer able to live completely independently, Chester had little choice but to seek some kind of care or assistance. For people like Hattie who are still capable of caring for themselves to a certain degree, assisted living facilities are
Defense mechanisms, the unconscious, coping mechanisms, self-actualization and archetypes are other examples. The ultimate and most useless example is the "little person," that resides in everyone and explains his behavior. These include ideas like soul, mind, ego, will, self and personality. Skinner, instead, suggests that psychologists should put their energies on what is observable, such as the environment and human behavior occurring in the environment (Boeree). Person-Centered Therapy This therapy states
Child and Adolescent Counseling Child & Adolescent Psychology Golden, L.B. (2002). Case Studies in Child and Adolescent Counseling Sean Sean's early life was exceptionally fragmented, leaving him with substantive levels of abandonment and fears regarding his well-being. The life his family led before he went to live with his grandmother was not ordered or structured. Sean did not develop the ability to make predictions about what happens in life, in games, and in
As indicated by Miller & Rollnick (1991), confronting a client might leave them with a feeling of being under attack. This may then reduce their urge of being treated. Zweben, Miller, Rychtarik, DiClemente (1992) indicated that most people would resist the advice of a counselor by constantly reacting as well as acting in the opposite manner to what the counselor wants them to act. The other principle of motivational thinking