Providing Nationalized Health Care Term Paper

  • Length: 4 pages
  • Subject: Healthcare
  • Type: Term Paper
  • Paper: #17006150

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Nationalized health care is the responsibility of a modern nation to its citizens as many of them are not able to afford the costs of healthcare in United States. The direct effects of the lack of provisions of healthcare by the government has led to a situation where more than 40 million Americans do not have health insurance and the expenditure by private citizens of health expenses is as high as 15% while in the other industrialized countries, it is only 10%. These clear situations make it essential that there must be a provision of nationalized health care. (Bailey, 2005)

Explanation

There are relationships of health problems in relation to many social conditions which are present and their solution being provided. One of the problems we are witnessing in the cities today is in relation to people living in open places and the result is that they generally end up with many health ailments like the use of addictive materials, depressive symptoms and disabilities. Some of the problems are considered to be quite obvious while others are not so considered so. Yet with the health system that we have at present it is not in a position to solve these problems. One part of the reason is considered to be because the concerned individuals associated with it are indigent and are homeless. The problem is not something that has popped up in recent times, but it has been going on since the 1980s when the problem of homelessness was increasing in huge proportions. This has led to health care projects for these individuals, which are being taken up directly by some states. These units not only provide a solution to these problems of homelessness but also provide a solution to the problem of sickness. The present sickness also leads to certain other diseases and the costs associated with treating the diseases even make certain individuals go bankrupt. That situation leads on to other problems like eviction and finally the problem of homelessness.

Further it could be said that the people who are homeless are in a situation whereby it leads to their becoming victims of serious important ailments in massive numbers which are not found among the people who have their homes. These problems are in relation to addictive problems, mental problems and in relation to HIV or AIDS. Other diseases emerge as a result of the situation wherein they are compelled to live in, having enormous amounts of exposure to the elements. These lead to their situation of becoming violent. It could also be said that even in the places wherein they live, they are being exposed to the problem of threats and this further compels them to walk more, stand up often than is considered to be appropriate and even taking rest while they are standing. All these lead to various diverse diseases and some of them gather further diseases by means of the use of intoxicants and alcohol for finding a relief from their situation. Their sickness is considered as being three to six times the rate of persons who have their homes. At present, the American Health System is not correctly tuned to attending to these people. It is time that the needs of these individuals are looked into. Direct healthcare costs can be obtained from National Health Expenditures data from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services. (Wilson, 2005)

The lack of government-based health care is often highlighted by certain sectors of the society and they say "The United States is the only industrialized nation that does not have some kind of universal health care." (Bailey, 2005) The aim of this slogan is to make sure that the government provides some type of a government financed health care system immediately. To support this logic, it is also pointed out that American Life expectancy and infant mortality are in a worse situation than many other countries which provide some form of healthcare to its citizens. Even the polls have shown that more than 60% of the citizens of United States prefer to have some form of healthcare provided by the government as a socially protective measure. (Bailey, 2005)

The same feeling also exists in auto companies which feel that their biggest financial problem is the government health care and their costs in providing the same care to their employees. Some experts even feel that General Motors itself will file for bankruptcy if it does not find it possible to collect a larger share of the healthcare costs from the concerned union of the workers, UAW. The company also has some plants in Canada and the company has been telling the Canadian government not to change their policy of universal health care, and that is a concept that is thrown up repeatedly by political interests in Canada. All the automobile companies in Canada like the situation of health insurance as it exists. At the same time, the health insurance is not free to the workers in the automobile industry, and the companies have to pay higher taxes to get their workers covered under the health insurance scheme. (Zweifel, 2005)

Even in spite of those taxes, the total cost to the companies in the end is less than the cost that they end up paying in United States for covering their employees. One of the main reasons for the increase in the costs under the American model is the administration charges that are collected by the private sector health insurance companies. There is a thought that this money itself could be used for the setting up of a government promoted health insurance scheme. The net result of all the difficulties of the health insurance situation is that tit is likely to provide more of the jobs in the automobile industry to Canada at the expense of United States. This is helping industries in Canada to provide more jobs in industries where the government is providing health insurance and industries in this country are being compelled to reduce their jobs. In the end, the industries in United States think of offering more jobs in positions that will not offer health benefits. (Zweifel, 2005)

Opposing arguments

At the same time, polls have shown that countries which had government health insurance schemes did not like them. A poll in Britain showed that 40% would like to go for private heath care, in 2001. 51% of the persons in Canada felt that they would like a private health care system parallel to the government system be started. This argument was bolstered further when the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that private health care was a constitutional right of all individuals who are Canadian citizens. At the same time, economists are seeing that health care expenditure in United States will probably rise to 30% from the present 15%. The question is if the healthcare scheme is nationalized, then the taxes required will have to be doubled to pay for the scheme. Even the system had been nationalized its health care system in 1960, it is likely to be the same as freezing the changes in development of medicine would be stuck at the levels when it was nationalized. This would of course not result in higher expenditure by the governments and the developments may have been stopped, like organ transplants, no MRI, no laparoscopic surgery, no drugs to lower cholesterol, hepatitis C vaccine, no in vitro fertilization, no HIV treatments, and so on. (Bailey, 2005)

The other problem is with the possible desire for departure by the employees, or the patients. The patients may have to pay for their treatment, but they will not have to wait for a long time for the treatment. Even in Canada, the news is that more than 10,000 doctors left the system in the 1990s. This led…

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