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Their experiences emphasize the importance of human contact. They enjoy such intimacy with their comrades in arms and expect the same respect and comradery form mental health and counseling professionals.
However, the literature review that was available in the article was more positive with regard to this. A 2009 study was referenced that used debriefing as a treatment regimen. In this program, the debrief uses a specific set of questions used to guide participants to acknowledge the events of combat they experienced and then review them, emphasizing the stressors involved (ibid, 725). Additionally, a 2007 survey polled individual contacts outside of a treatment clinic, of which the visits were in order to deal with PSTD or other psychiatric disorders (ibid, 723). Again, talking about the issues experienced in combat or in stressful situations seemed to this author to have provided the most tangible and effective results, at least in the opinions of the soldiers. Logically, these should be the opinions that matter the most in terms of validity.
It is interesting to note that on the United States Department of Veteran's Affairs, cognitive behavioral therapy is one two type of counseling. The page advises that "it appears to be the most effective type of counseling for PTSD" ("Treatment of ptsd," 2010) . It goes on to advise that the therapist will help the service member to "identify thoughts about the world and yourself that are making you feel afraid or upset. With the help of your therapist, you will learn to replace these thoughts with more accurate and less distressing thoughts. You will also learn ways to cope with feelings such as anger, guilt, and fear" (ibid). In essence, at the top of advised treatments for veterans is a type of treatment that involves empowering them in the effort to help them deal more effectively with PTSD.
On another page of the Department of Veteran's Affairs website, there is a web page dealing exclusively with cognitive behavioral therapy and sells the therapy as specifically dealing with the disturbing thoughts and memories about the event that are the triggers for current problems such as depression or other debilitating behaviors that keep the service member from performing at their optimal level of functionality. By doing this, it gives them the keys to the recovery from the stressful events that keep coming back to them and causing them to lose control of themselves. Importantly, this kind of therapy allows service members to have ownership over their symptoms and become more aware of their thoughts and feelings, in order to learn new skills to help them question or challenge their thoughts. Finally, the Department of Veteran's affairs promises that that they will learn about common changes in beliefs that occur after going through traumatic events. This will help the service member live in the real world after the trauma. The person's beliefs about safety, trust, control, self-esteem, other people and relationships change after the trauma and that cognitive behavioral therapy would help them talk about and deal with these changes. The therapy facilitates talking about their beliefs in those different areas of their lives. In this way, the person can learn to find better balance between personal beliefs before and after the trauma.("Cognitive processing therapy," 2011).
Again, many therapy approaches have been tried to treat or prevent PTSD. On balance, it appears that the cognitive model of therapy is increasingly being used in an attempt to literally talk the soldiers out of their problems and to help them understand and modify their thinking on the subject of their post traumatic stress. Then, they can return their lives to a center and balance that they would not have otherwise. They can resume control over their lives and return to living at their optimal best. For service members, this will increase unit readiness and keep them in the game at their full functionality as it would not be the case had the military services not recognize the need to treat the PTSD..
Cognitive processing therapy. (2011, August 19). Retrieved from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/cognitive_processing_therapy.asp.
Hourani, L.L., Council, C.L., Hubal, R.C., & Strange, L.B. (2011). Approaches to the primary prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder in the military: a review of the stress control literature. Military Machine, 176, 721-730.
Treatment of ptsd. (2010, October 5). Retrieved from http://www.ptsd.va.gov/public/pages/treatment-ptsd.asp,[continue]
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