Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from essay:
Life's Better Without Wings: Red Bull and the Allure of Advertising
It is difficult to imagine walking into a convenience store, gas station shop, or other such establishment without being almost immediately confronted by a refrigerator case full of the aluminum cans and colorful tabs of the many different brands of "energy drinks." These drinks, with such brand names as Monster and Rock Star, purport to give a jolt of energy to the system, presumably allowing one to have "monster" levels of energy or act like a "rock star" no matter how tired they were moments earlier. One of the earliest entrants in this market of energy drinks, and indeed the brand credited as starting the entire "energy drink" industry, is Red Bull, a product and company that has had enormous and still-growing success over the past two decades. With such strong popularity, it is hard to believe that people have almost no idea how bad Red Bull and other such drinks can be for your health. Numerous reports have found that Red Bull can cause a multitude of serious health risks, both immediately after imbibing the drink and over the long-term, yet the marketing for the beverage still seems to imply that the drink is actually beneficial to health and physical performance. Even a basic examination of current evidence makes it clear that Red Bull should be avoided as a health risk, and that its marketing should be curtailed so as not to falsely or misleadingly promote the sale of what is essentially a toxic substance.
Back in 2003, as part of her coursework at the Harvard Law School, Jenny L. Grus conducted extensive research and prepared a report on the need for federal regulation of Red Bull, not only in term of the product itself but also -- and especially -- when it comes to the marketing of the product. With not-insignificant health risks already associated with the product at this point, Grus found compelling medical and legal precedents that warranted a control on the placement of warning messages on Red Bull packaging and beverage cans by the FDA, as well as tighter regulations of overall marketing schemes and specific advertising claims, whether meant to be fictional or not. For example, "Red Bull gives you wings" is obviously not meant to be taken literally and in many television commercials and other advertisements is applied to quite obviously fictional and unrealistic scenarios, but the implications of this slogan in context and of other advertising the company engages in is suggestive or improved physical performance and health, which is something other beverage products can legitimately attest to but that has not been at all verified or assessed by the FDA for Red Bull or other energy drinks (Grus, p. 24; 29-30; 57-60). Not only are the implied health claims made by Red Bull unverified, but there is substantial evidence that they are false and that in fact health risks are increased and real physical performance decreased by these drinks (Grus, p. 44). Based on medical expedience as well as legal precedent, then, consumers need to be made aware of the risks of these drinks and the false nature of any perceived health benefits in order to make a fair and informed decision.
In the time since Grus produced and published her research, ongoing research into both the health risks and the supposed health benefits of the drink have been extensively tested and the case against the drinking of the beverage and for controlling its marketing has been made all the clearer. It must be acknowledged that certain performance improvements have indeed been noted in various clinical trials when comparing those who ingested Red Bull to those who did not, however a close examination of these studies and their results reveals that there are still issues with making such claims (Rowley). Taurine is the ingredient in Red Bull that sets it apart from many other non-"energy drink" beverages; it is only in the taurine, caffeine, and sugar content of the drink that any benefits in energy or alertness might be found, and there have long been many beverages on the market with high sugar and/or caffeine contents. One trial showed that athletes who consumed Red Bull forty minutes prior to exercising on a treadmill experienced a twenty-one percent increase in stroke volume, which measures how much blood oxygen is moved by each heartbeat and thus how quickly muscle cells can be replenished and continue operating, when compared to control groups, even when control groups had been given a high level of caffeine (Rowley, pars. 5-6). These effects cannot be chalked up to the sugar content and so are most likely attributable to the taurine, however the alertness benefit is almost certainly solely a result of caffeine consumption and other claims made by the company, such as that it is a detoxifier or useful as a sports drink, are completely unfounded (Rowley, par. 8; 11-13). Even the benefits of taurine, as other research shows, pale in comparison to the risks that the drink and even this substance itself might present to Red Bull drinkers.
A medical study from several years ago found that within an hour of drinking a single can -- one suggested serving -- of Red Bull, study participants' blood had become "stickier" and more prone to clotting, which substantially increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular problems even in young and otherwise healthy people (Macrae, pars. 2-5). For individuals already at an increased risk for any such problems, such as many older individuals, smokers, and others the risk of that Red Bull presents can be especially severe, and in fact the drink is already banned entirely in several countries due to the health risks associated with it (Macrae). Though it is still unclear exactly why these effects are occurring at the chemical level, there is a great deal of evidence to support the conclusion that the combination of taurine and caffeine has a fairly immediate effect on blood chemistry and heart function, as even the sugar-free version of the Red Bull beverage produced these effects, and for students and others that drink as many as eight cans a day the health effects could be truly disastrous as levels of both substances build up (Macrae). With clear medical recommendations against the consumption of Red Bull for those with any predisposition towards cardiovascular problems, and with dangers evident even for otherwise healthy individuals, it is close to criminal that the company is not required to place extensive and explicit warnings on their packaging. Worse still is that the advertisements produced by Red Bull, at least in the United States, are still allowed to tout or at the very least imply the health benefits of a product that is actually incredibly dangerous.
Instead of this increased medical and scientific evidence regarding Red Bull's dangers and relative lack of positive impact on performance leading to advertising changes that present the product in a more honest light, or that at least carry appropriate caveats and warnings, Red Bull's advertising rhetoric and overall aggressiveness has only increased in recent years. A Red Bull Magazine supplement was recently included n several major newspapers, with articles about sports stars and musicians that are somehow associated with the brand, or are at least implicitly associated with the brand through their inclusion in the magazine (Bloomberg, par. 3). This means that the same type of misleading marketing is being conducted by the company on an even larger and more subversive scale even as evidence about the harmful nature of the product continues to mount. By associating itself with rock stars and athletes, Red Bull is clearly implying that it is through drinking Red Bull that these celebrities are able to put the needed energy…[continue]
"Red Bull Life's Better Without Wings Red" (2012, March 07) Retrieved October 23, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/red-bull-life-better-without-wings-78499
"Red Bull Life's Better Without Wings Red" 07 March 2012. Web.23 October. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/red-bull-life-better-without-wings-78499>
"Red Bull Life's Better Without Wings Red", 07 March 2012, Accessed.23 October. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/red-bull-life-better-without-wings-78499
In this line of thoughts then, it is crucial for Red Bull to diversify its product offering from other items available on the market. 7. Managerial Implications The managerial team at Red Bull GmbH has to supervise the entire process of manufacturing and selling of the new candies. In this order of ideas, they must first conduct a market analysis assessing the need and consumer perceptions relative to the introduction of
Jesus' Teachings, Prayer, & Christian Life "He (Jesus) Took the Bread. Giving Thanks Broke it. And gave it to his Disciples, saying, 'This is my Body, which is given to you.'" At Elevation time, during Catholic Mass, the priest establishes a mandate for Christian Living. Historically, at the Last Supper, Christ used bread and wine as a supreme metaphor for the rest of our lives. Jesus was in turmoil. He was
Behavioral Finance and Human Interaction a Study of the Decision-Making Processes Impacting Financial Markets Understanding the Stock Market Contrasting Financial Theories Flaws of the Efficient Market Hypothesis Financial Bubbles and Chaos The stock market's dominant theory, the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) has been greatly criticized recently for its failure to account for human errors, heuristic bias, use of misinformation, psychological tendencies, in determining future expected performance and obtainable profits. Existing evidence indicates that past confidence in the
Thus, just an article strictly on the newest thoughts regarding complex design by Zimmer would be seen as support of his beliefs. Why, then, the added zing against Intelligent Design? Is because the continued dispute between the scientists and Creationists has disturbed Zimmer so much that he had to add these comments? Or, was it a National Geographic editor who read Zimmer's piece and said, "Let's make this article juicier
The divisions were as such: 1. The highest class amongst the slave was of the slave minister; he was responsible for most of the slave transactions or trades and was also allowed to have posts on the government offices locally and on the provincial level. 2. This was followed by the class of temple slaves; this class of slaves was normally employed in the religious organizations usually as janitors and caretakers
Sophocles' Oedipus the King Look up and/or reflect on the meaning of: Tragedy: A tragedy is any event which causes great suffering and stress, such as the death of a loved one or a natural disaster. In the context of Greek literature, tragedy was the most popular form of theatre, with storytellers relying on the rhetorical technique of tragic irony to create emotionally resonant tales of lost love and territorial conquest. Philosophy: The
EDSE 600: History and Philosophy of Education / / 3.0 credits The class entitled, History and Philosophy of Education, focused on the origin of education and the "philosophical influences of modern educational theory and practice. Study of: philosophical developments in the Renaissance, Reformation, and revolutionary periods; social, cultural and ideological forces which have shaped educational policies in the United States; current debates on meeting the wide range of educational and social-emotional