Note: Sample below may appear distorted but all corresponding word document files contain proper formattingExcerpt from Term Paper:
Turkish Youth Protests
"The rise of a global youth culture in recent decades suggests greater convergence of the experiences of young people in global cities. In Turkey, mass-based youth subcultures with links to the diaspora are emerging, paralleling the fragmentation of Turkish society…Turkish youth are torn between hopes of constructing a more participatory public sphere and disillusionment with the nation-state as the embodiment of modernity…" (Neyzi, 2001, 412).
At no time in the recent past has the world been able to see the raging protests of Turkish youth like what has been viewed over the past few days and weeks. However, many citizens with television sets in Turkey did not see the mass demonstrations by youthful protesters in Istanbul because journalists were afraid to show the live clashes with police on television. According to journalist Barak Ravid, "…many Turkish television channels hesitated to report on the protests for many long hours" (Ravid, 2013). Why are journalists afraid to show the truth about student uprisings? That's because Prime Minister Erdogan has put many journalists in prison for speaking out about his repressive strategies.
"…Over the last five years, Erdogan's Turkey has become a prison for journalists," Ravid explains. The "Freedom House" nonprofit, which advocates for journalistic freedom throughout the world, reports that "…Turkey is the national that has arrested the highest number of journalists in the world over articles that they have written and published" (Ravid).
The current demonstrations began with just a few hundred youthful activists, who were attempting to halt a "…greedy real estate project in Istanbul's Gezi Park," Ravid explains. But after the police over-reacted and used violent tactics against the youth demonstrators, many more were "…prompted thousands of people to take to the streets in protest" (Ravid). So, what began as a peaceful demonstration based on environmental concerns (the Gezi Park is a favorite place for relaxation in a busy city like Istanbul) "…quickly turned into a political demonstration against Erdogan and his party" (Ravid).
On June 1, 2013, the demonstrations continued in Istanbul, with students and others chanting "Not About Trees Anymore" as law enforcement authorities used high-pressure water cannons to attempt to disburse the crowds. Students have printed and distributed posters that show "…dramatic photos of blood-soaked protesters at the hands of Turkish security forces via social media sites like Tumblr and Twitter" (Queally, 2013). Protestors also chanted slogans "…against the ruling Justice and Development Party and Prime Minister Erdogan, calling on the government to resign" (Queally). While all this was going on, Erdogan stubbornly refused to back down and insisted that "…police would break down protests" and that the government would "…press ahead with redevelopment plans that sparked the demonstrations" (Queally).
On May 13, Turkish students clashed with police in Ankara as they voiced their disapproval of Erdogan's policies of "…funding and supporting foreign-backed militants" currently fighting in Syria (Press TV, 2013). Earlier, on May 11, "…dozens of people marched in the streets and chanted slogans" that criticized Erdogan and his government for becoming involved in Syria's civil war (Press TV).
In conclusion, the brutal repression Turkish students have encountered while attempting to express their disapproval of Erdogan's undemocratic government has been seen on television and has been shared with youth worldwide through Twitter, Tumblr, Facebook and other social media. Although the thrust of this paper zeros in on how youthful Turkish viewpoints are at odds with the hardliners in government, and how they are taking to the streets to protest, the other message this paper conveys is that there are communication tools available to young people and those tools are vital in the face of a government that jails journalists and uses repression rather than accommodation and compromise.
Arvizu. S. (2009). Creating alternative visions of Arab society: emerging youth publics in Cairo.
Media Culture Society, Vol. 31, 385-408.
Darici, Haydar. (2011). Politics of privacy: forced migration and the spatial struggle of the Kurdish youth. Journal of Balkan and Near Eastern Studies, 13(4), 457-474.
Giroux, H.A. (2011). Fighting for the Future: American Youth and the Global Struggle for Democracy. Cultural Studies -- Critical Methodologies, 11(4), 328-340.
Neyzi, L. (2001). Object or Subject? The Paradox of "Youth" in Turkey. International Journal of Middle Eastern Studies, Vol. 33, 411-432.
Queally, J. (2013). "Not About Trees Anymore" as Turkey Protests Intensify What started as a Bid to safe public land has escalated as youth face riot police with calls of revolution.
Common Dreams, Retrieved June 1, 2013, from http://www.commondreams.org.
"Technology And Social Media On" (2013, June 01) Retrieved December 7, 2016, from http://www.paperdue.com/essay/technology-and-social-media-on-98988
"Technology And Social Media On" 01 June 2013. Web.7 December. 2016. <http://www.paperdue.com/essay/technology-and-social-media-on-98988>
"Technology And Social Media On", 01 June 2013, Accessed.7 December. 2016, http://www.paperdue.com/essay/technology-and-social-media-on-98988
Social Media and Technology The entire sphere of human interaction has undergone large-scale transformation as a result of the rapidly changing technological environment and the emergence of the internet. Back in the day, social interactions were primarily based on hand-written letters and occasional telephone conversations. Thanks to technological progression, however, numerous online communication platforms have been developed, and what we have now is an internet revolution and a totally new and
Razak, (2012) point out that internet has assisted SMEs to integrate social media in SMEs marketing strategies globally. Typically, internet has become accessible to billion of people globally, and the phenomenon has revolutionized the use of social media for business advantages. Razak, (2012) point out that 75% of internet users use social media to carry out various activities such as linking to shopping site, and since 2007, social network has
Social Media in Healthcare Organizations Social Media Social media increasingly integral part healthcare organization's website online strategy. Write a -- page (excluding title reference pages) Using social media in healthcare organizations Social media are a new way of co-creating and collaboration on content with others. It provides practical resources for healthcare organizations, in raising awareness of health related issues to the public, and facilitating change in behavior which will help people to
social media by business, using the Best Buy case as an example. The benefits of social media in the business context are explained, as are the downsides. There are also recommendations with respect to the use of social media by a law firm, and in this case it is recommended that the law firm should not engage in social media. Compared with a retailer -- especially one with a
Safeguarding the privacy of the respondents is vital. Setting a certain criteria to guarantee the security and privacy of the respondents will be useful like informing the respondents that their names will be kept confidential, their location and company will be mentioned only if they give their consent, participation is completely voluntary, and it cannot be imposed. In any way, no such information will be publicized that can help to
social media is a hype these days which has enabled businesses to actually change the way they operate. Social media networks especially Facebook, Linked in, Twitter and now Google Plus have enabled businesses to reach out to those people with whom they want to build long-term customer relationships. A lot of research has been carried out to devise the impact that social media has on businesses. This has enabled
Social Media/Workplace Conflict Every day, most of us create permanent records of our lives and the things we do through our Internet use, emails, texts, tweets, blogs, and similar technology. Information intended for friends and family can sometimes be disseminated more widely than expected or planned. Unless one avoids these technologies altogether -- a difficult feat in today's society -- one can no longer be assured that a private life is