Book Of Revelations
Millennial Views and the Book of Revelation
The Book of Revelations -- the final segment of the New Testament -- is a particularly contentious and divisive section of the Bible; considerable ambiguity exists surrounding whether to interpret the scripture literally or metaphorically, and the episodes described often seem especially fantastical. Moreover, the author's rhetoric leaves room for multiple interpretations, resulting in the reader drawing unverifiable interpretations. Acknowledging the caveat that there is no available method for arriving at a conclusive meaning for the Book of Revelations, this essay nevertheless adopts the literal, pre-millennial viewpoint, which states that the second coming of Christ occurs before the millennium. There are multiple reasons for this stance, each of which will be further elucidated throughout this paper; first, there is no reason to believe that what was written by John the Apostle was written in vain; second, the use of what appears as metaphorical or symbolic language does not preclude a literal interpretation; third, it most strictly coheres with the devout obedience to God promulgated by the earlier books.
Interpretations of the millennium section of the Book of Revelations are categorized into three sections: premillennialism, which is described above; postmillennialism, which portends that the second coming of Christ occurs after the millennium, and amillennialism, which stipulates that the millennium narrative is a metaphor that is not to be interpreted literally. The Book of Revelations is alleged to have been written by John the Apostle, while he was living in exile toward the end of the first century A.D. A close reading of the context in which it was written and the actual language of the millennial segment (Revelation 20:1-6) reveals the efficacy of the premillennial viewpoint.
The Book of Revelations was written at a time of crisis, with war and other turmoil subsuming the land, necessitating the second-coming of Christ. It is believed that after rectifying the crimes that took place in Israel by the Church, Christ turned his attention to the spiritual opposition. Per the scripture, after his second coming Christ rules peacefully for a 'Golden Millennium' in which Satan is imprisoned and worldwide peace is enjoyed. Afterward, Satan is released and wreaks havoc and warfare throughout…… [Read More]
Book v Market
Understanding Financial Concepts in the Real World: Book Value v. Market Value in MAKO Surgical Corp
Few economic events in recent memory have thrown the basic concept of book value vs. market value into sharper relief than the dramatic and ongoing changes in home prices across the country. Many homeowners found themselves "underwater" or "upside-down" on their mortgages, meaning that they owed more money for their homes than they were actually worth -- it was often more advantageous for these individuals to simply walk away from their homes and default on their loans. Yet how is it possible, one might wonder, for a home to be worth less than what was paid for it assuming it was still in the same basic condition? This is precisely where an understanding of the difference between book and market value becomes necessary, and where the frustrations of many homeowners truly intensifies.
Ultimately, any commodity -- whether it is a loaf of bread or a piece of real estate -- is only worth what some is willing to pay for it. Very simply put, this price is he market value of the commodity or asset; it is the price that a seller can expect to receive and a buyer can expect to pay for a given commodity. As the housing market has shown, market value can change daily and create a great deal of uncertainty. This is in sharp contrast to the book value of a commodity, which is the actual price paid for an actual item (or house) rather than the hypothetical value of the same item. This value is essentially fixed; as long as the commodity exists, its book value is its last sale price. Things are more complicated with something like a house, but the concept remains the same.
With something as large and complex as a house, there are bound to be other factors that effect the book value over time -- the purchase of a new water heater increases the book value, while the window that is now a tarp because of some kid's baseball decreases it. Note that these are not market forces affecting value, but rather direct…… [Read More]
Book of Psalms is a unique book of the Bible. More than any other book of the Bible, it is a personal testament of faith, an intimate communication between the author and his God. Its flowery, poetic style of writing sets it apart from most of the other books of the Old Testament. With the possible exception of Song of Songs, the book of Psalms is a series of lavish poems, full of descriptive terms and overflowing with the obvious passion that the author felt for his God. While the books preceding it in the Bible are books of law and books chronicling the prophets, and the books after it are stories of the trials and tribulations of the Hebrew people, the Book of Psalms is a book of personal declarations of faith. This paper takes a closer analytical look at the book of Psalms.
The book of Psalms has touched the hearts of nearly all who have read them over the ages. Even other Biblical authors frequently quoted the book of Psalms in their works. In fact, the book of Psalms is the most frequently quoted book in the entire Bible. The Psalms are lyric poems of a religious nature. A lyric poem is a poem which directly expresses the individual emotions of the poet. A religious lyric poem reflects the inner feelings of a poet whose heart is moved by God. The book of Psalms fits this description perfectly.
While most people believe the entire book of Psalms was composed by King David of Israel, the fact is that the Psalms were composed by a variety of people over a span of about one thousand years. The earliest Psalm, which is Psalm number ninety, appears to have been written by Moses in the fifteenth century B.C. Some of the other Psalms appear to have been written in the sixth century B.C. during the Israelite captivity in Babylon. Other Psalms have no identifiable authors. Of course, King David did write some of them. The identifiable authorship of the Psalms, as far as archaeological and literary evidence suggests, is as follows:
Asaph -- 10
Descendants of Korah--10
Solomon -- 1 or 2
Ethan -- 1
One of the first things that is readily identifiable about the book of Psalms is that these are poems, but they are not…… [Read More]
This lets us know that Christianity is not something that should be forced on us. Those receiving what Paul preached received it by faith.
Although times have changed the Book of Acts serves as a good foundation for Church government. Jesus was very clear in his instructions on what should happen after his resurrection. Many verses in books of the New Testament speak of this. He would not have been allowed to die on the cross and ascend to heaven had he not accomplished what the Father sent him here for. The apostle Paul and others were clear in their understanding of what the church should be.
Christians today should not stray from the teachings in the Book of Acts. Many things have changed throughout the years. We are no longer living in Biblical times, but the one thing that is certain is that the word of God will always remain the same. Because of this, Christians are still charged with spreading the gospel and witnessing to unbelievers just as Paul and the other disciples did. Our methods of spreading the gospel and establishing and operating churches today are far easier than in Biblical days. We have radio and television to aid us in our mission. However, some churches still believe in the good old fashion way of spreading the gospel by going door to convert souls. The Book of Acts should serve as a reminder to today's Christians the importance spreading the word in order to establish God's kingdom here on earth. It is indeed appropriate to be an Acts Church in today's times. If Christians try to be anything else, then they are straying from the word of God and acting on their own accord. This is not what the Book…… [Read More]
Book of Job - Biblical Allegory
Job's tale is one of the most accessible Biblical allegories. An honorable, just, pious man loses everything: his ten children, his wife, his entire estate, and on top of it all is inflicted with a horrendous skin disease that leaves him crippled. All this was done as a challenge and a test of his faith. The Book of Job opens with a conversation between God and Satan, who together enter into a sort of mean bet in which Job's life is at stake. Satan wants to prove to God that Job will "curse thee to thy face" if some trauma should befall him (1: 11). But God refutes this and tells Satan he will gladly test his faithful servant. At first Job seems at peace with his loss, saying "the Lord gave, and the Lord has taken away," (1: 21). He remains steadfast in his love and fear of God. "Job did not sin or charge God with wrong," (1: 22). But as his suffering intensifies with a further challenge from Satan, Job laments his situation and boldly questions the ways of the Lord. Although his friends try to council Job and warn him of his potential arrogance and ignorance of the ways of God, Job remains true to both himself and to his God. The Book of Job has a happy ending in which a pleased God restores Job's fortune as a reward for his steadfastness. The book also sends a profound message to its readers and reflects the Hebrew concept of deity described throughout the Old Testament.
Once the series tragedies befall Job, he naturally begins to grow bitter and self-pitying. Asserting his righteousness and absence of sin, Job wonders why the Almighty would curse him so profoundly. Immediately, his friends Eli'phaz the Te'manite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zpohar the Na'amathite scold Job for being impatient and impertinent.…… [Read More]
Book of Job provides some useful insights about the nature of man and God to people who find themselves asking one of the most ancient and common of human questions: "why do bad things happen to good people?" Both believers and nonbelievers often find themselves wondering at what seems to be the incredible randomness of horrific acts that occur to people who seem to be good, or innocent (like children, infants, and people who have devoted their lives to others). Many Christians find themselves wondering why God would inflict such terrible suffering on the world, if he is truly a kind and benevolent being who watches over the human race as his own children. They wonder if God is simply punishing the afflicted for their sins, tying to teach a lesson through the affliction of suffering, and even sometimes question whether God is truly a benevolent and kind entity. Suffering that occurs in the lives of those who are true believers in God, who live their lives by the word of God and the principles that are clearly set out within the Holy Bible, is especially difficult to begin understand if we accept unquestioningly that the same God who causes such terrible suffering is a kind, just, and giving God.
The Story of the Book of Job
Job was a wealth, prominent man in his community, who performed a large number of good works for both his family and the larger community surrounding him, and who was largely loved and admired by everyone around him, including his family, friends and neighbors. As the book of Job begins, Satan receives permission from God to trouble and afflict Job in order to test Job's adherence to God's rules. Satan ultimately manipulates events in Job's life until he has lost everything, from his wealth to his children, to the respect and love of his neighbors and his health.
Job is a righteous and honorable man, and he naturally beings to wonder why he is being afflicted with such terrible trials and tribulations, and he questions why God would do this to him. God reveals himself to Job, and chastises him, whereupon Job regrets his words spoken with such little understanding of the power and nature of God, and God give Job…… [Read More]
Book Smart vs. Street Smart
In "The Night in Question" by Tobias Wolff, the difference between "book smart" and "life smart" are evident. Book smart people have little common sense; they are often vain and live their lives as if they were fiction. They can be pedantic and put too much faith in words. Book smart means you may be able to understand and derive pleasure from words, but you might not do so well with real people, in real life situations. Life smart people are just the opposite. In one word, they are savvy. They have common sense, they understand things quickly, and they know how to choose their friends. Life smart people know when to keep quiet, and understand the boundaries of behavior. Book smart people may function well in academic and research environments, but they do not do well in real life situations, and they do not understand people nearly as well as they understand words. Life smart people may not be academically brilliant, but they know how to get along in life, and they may actually be more successful than book smart people, because they are politically…… [Read More]
In Chapter One, Carlzon discusses the overall business climate that
existed in the late 1980's and how his personal business strategies related
to his employees helped SAS to achieve such unprecedented success in the
airline business world. "In a changing business environment," says Carlzon,
"you can't wield total control from the top of the pyramid. You must give
people authority. . .They are the ones who can sense changes in the market"
and through providing employees with "security, authority and the right to
make decisions based on current market conditions," the CEO of any given
company places himself in "the best position to gain a competitive edge" in
not only the airline business but also other businesses which rely upon a
broad and happy customer base (38).
Throughout the rest of the book, Carlzon examines in-depth numerous
aspects of the business world which he feels affects the success or failure
of any given company. For example, Carlzon poses the question, "How can you
know what your goals and strategies should be if you don't have a clear
idea of the environment you're working in or of what your customers want?"
(43). In addition, Carlzon sums up his argument pertaining to business
customers by offering a very sound piece of advice for all those who aspire
to raise a company from failure to one of success-"Only the customer, and
the customer alone, will pay our costs and provide our profits" (134),
meaning that any company's survival depends almost wholly upon how
customers view a company and how that company fulfills its obligations to
the customer in the form of great service and in the case of an airline how
it provides safe and reliable travel accommodations.
Carlzon, Jan. Moments of Truth. New York: Harper Perennial Publishing,
Gibbons, Andrew. "Moments of Truth" by Jan Carlzon." Internet.…… [Read More]
Book Of Acts
Does Acts offer a pattern for how Church government should be structured?
Actually, there is nothing this writer has found in Acts that specifically tells how to set up a church government. However, the establishment of a Christian church is explained in numerous accounts and passages. In Acts 2:38 Peter is telling his audience that if they repent, and agree to be baptized, they will be forgiven of their sins and "…will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit." But just being relieved of one's sins, and accepting Christ as one's savior isn't an answer to how a church should be governed. The spiritual world and the physical world must come together for the Christian Church to be effective. And the Book of Acts does provide that guidance, according to Thom Rainer of the Green Valley Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama.
Yes, Rainer admits, the Book of Acts is noted for its evangelism (Peter's preaching as referenced in the opening paragraph of this paper is an example of Acts' evangelism), but it also included the way in which the Apostle Paul approached the growth of the church. Because before church government can be created, there needs to be the establishment of a church. People need to believe and to have faith that the church brings them something valuable. Then, as the movie "Field of Dreams" pointed out, "if you build it, they will come…"
Reaching out for church membership is the start of putting together church government, according to Paul. He said (Acts 24), "If religious people can be reached in religious buildings, secular people have to be reached in secular buildings." Paul spent two years at Corinth (setting up church governing strategies and building the attendance), and he spent three years at Ephesus.
"Church growth writers understand the importance of leadership longevity," Rainer explains, and "…pastoral tenure is one of the highest correlative factors in growing churches."
But as to church government, in Jack Deere's book Surprised by the Power of the Spirit, he asserts that the Book of Acts is…crucial in determining what we believe about church government"…… [Read More]
In the article, "Unlocking the Power of John's Gospel," Ray Bystrom (2004) declares "John's Gospel is like a river in which a lamb may bathe and an elephant swim -- both shallow and deep at the same time. The new convert and the mature disciple will profit from a careful reading of John's Gospel." (Bystrom, 2004) The Gospel of John represents Jesus Christ as the Son of God and illustrated Christ's deity in an ideal picture. John vividly depicts the events he witnessed and gave an accurate character description of Jesus Christ. The purpose of the gospel of John is to inspire faith. Bain (2008) states, "The profound truth of Jesus, Son of God, is presented in simple language that a child can understand, but with a wealth of meaning that the learned cannot exhaust. The fourth gospel makes an excellent guide to the new convert." The Gospel of John presents the power of God and represents a book of Signs for the believer.
Based on the literature, this researcher concludes the Gospel of John represents and illustrates Jesus' love and desire for His people, the Jewish people, in vivid detail. The power ministry of Jesus is detailed in a way that all can fully grasp the full extent of Jesus' life on Earth and comprehend the message as witnessed by John. The Gospel of John definitely could be considered the most "Jewish" and new converts should read John to help get a clear understanding of what Jesus was truly about and means.… [Read More]
To him be the glory forever! Amen." This is significant, because it shows that by accepting God into your heart you can be able to spend all of eternity in paradise. Regardless of what your occupation or social status would have been when you were living on Earth.
How secure is eternal life?
An eternal life with God is secure only if you are willing to accept God into your heart and ask for forgiveness for the different sins that you will commit. An example of this can be seen in Romans 4:13 -- 18 where it says, "It was not through law that Abraham and his offspring received the promise that he would be heir of the world, but through the righteousness that comes by faith. For if those who live by law are heirs, faith has no value and the promise is worthless, because law brings wrath. And where there is no law there is no transgression. Therefore, the promise comes by faith, so that it may be by grace and may be guaranteed to all Abraham's offspring -- not only to those who are of the law but also to those who are of the faith of Abraham. He is the father of us all. As it is written: "I have made you a father of many nations." He is our father in the sight of God, in whom he believed -- the God who gives life to the dead and calls things that are not as though they were." ("Romans 4:13 -- 18," n.d.) What this is saying is that God is: the creator of the universe, those who believe in him will have his power on their side. This would make your place of spending eternity with him secure.… [Read More]
However, he makes it equally clear that he feels no obligation to help Agamemnon's men.
Achilles' responses to all three ambassadors make it clear that he feels that Agamemnon has not treated him fairly or with respect. He feels like he has repeatedly put his life at risk and accomplished much as a warrior, only to be spurned by Agamemnon. Moreover, Achilles countered the arguments made by the ambassadors that his quarrel with Agamemnon was silly, since it was over a woman, with his counterargument that the entire Trojan War was over a woman. What is most remarkable is that the ambassadors and Agamemnon continue to refuse to see any merit in Achilles' responses. In fact, Diomed chastises Agamemnon for ever sending ambassadors to Achilles, saying, "you ought not to have sued the son of Peleus nor offered him gifts. He is proud enough as it is, and you have encouraged him in his pride further. Let him stay or go as he will. He will fight later when he is in the humour, and heaven puts it in his mind to do so." (Iliad, IX, 525-528). The other ambassadors seemed to endorse Diomed's statement, and all went to bed, despite the fact that they had been unable to persuade Achilles to rejoin the battle. What that attitude makes clear is that Agamemnon and his ambassadors continue to treat Achilles with disregard and contempt, despite his numerous explanations about why is so upset.… [Read More]
Book Of Ruth
Ruth, and God's apparent absence.
The Old Testament is filled with stories of mighty works between God and man. In supernatural ways, god seem intimately involves with his creation in order to reveal himself in their lives, and weave Himself into their history. Moses, Joshua, Abraham, and Elijah - these mighty leaders seem to be lead, or maybe pushed, to great deeds by intimate interactions with the creator of the universe. So when Ruth appears on the scene, and apparently lives a quiet and self determines life in the middle of what appears to be someone else's plans, where is God? Why is this person 'left to fend for herself' when God can be dramatically active in the lives of his people. Is she somehow less important? If so, why is her story included in the bible. Surely other people lived more inspirational lives than the Moabitess named Ruth. This paper looks into Ruth's life, and the economic and social factors which were all a part of God's plan. Through Ruth, YHWH reveals something about himself that he shows in few other scripture passages.
Ruth is a Moabitess. A descendant of Lot and his Daughters, the Moabites were outside of the collection of God's chosen people. Ruth was woven into the biblical narrative not because of her great calling, like Deborah or Sarah, but because she was in the wrong place at the wrong time. To set the stage, Naomi and her son's, Israelites, left their homeland during a famine. This was the first in a series of tragic choices that bring us to the story of Ruth. The Israelites were not supposed to leave their promised land during times of difficulty. The Old Testament covenant instructed that when famine, or trouble came upon the land, that they should seek the Lord Yahweh with their whole hearts, in order to see favor brought back upon the land.
Naomi, her nameless husband, and their two sons disobeyed God, and went to settle in the land of Moab. While there the sons married Moabite women, which was a second step in the direction away from god's revealed will in their lives. God called his people to stay separate form the surrounding nations. He called them…… [Read More]
Book of Kings 9
FIRDAWSI: BOOK OF KINGS (SHAHNAMA)
It is a summary of the most important elements of your paper. All numbers in the abstract, except those beginning a sentence, should be typed as digits rather than words. To count the number of words in this paragraph, select the paragraph, and on the Tools menu click Word Count.
Firdawsi: Book of Kings (Shahnama)
What are the pre-Islamic Iranian features of the story? How do they square with Islam?
The Book of Kings is written in Farsi, unlike the Quran. The Book of Kings celebrates the glory of pre-historical and early historical Persia through its kings. It begins with the legends. Iran is viewed as the fatherland, and the axis of the world. Zoroastrianism is mentioned, especially in the early legends. Firdawsi compares the Zoroastrianism to Islam, which in itself is blasphemous. Unlike the Quran, The Book of Kings is not favorable to the Arabs. First Zahhak was deceived by Iblis, and then the second Rustam foretold that "All our long labors will be in vain, for the stars only befriend the Arabs. & #8230; They shall turn away from honor and truth; lies and baseness shall be honored." This is definitely not flattering, especially when Rustam the second converts to Islam because his future is poor anyway.
2. What is Ferdawsi's attitude?
In The Book of Kings, Firdawsi is not modest. He begins with "… a noble book that achieved fame throughout the world and received universal adulation from all people, high and low." At the end, he says, "henceforth I cannot die; for I live, having broadcast the seeds of my verses. Anyone possessed of sense, good counsel and religion will after my death offer up praise for me." Yet, he's bitter because no one would cooperate with him in sharing the history of the kings. He was also bitter about being a ghostwriter who was not paid, or recognized for his contributions. Ferdowsi's aim in writing the Shahnama is to legitimize the Persian kings, because it legitimizes their dynasties as descended from these others, through farr.
3. What role does fate play?
Fate is seen as the hand of God on Earth. When men act on hubris or vanity, fate "converts good fortune into bad." Later, Firdawsi tells the story of Zahhak, who at first was an innocent Arab youth, but was trapped…… [Read More]
Book Of Samuel
Establishing a Monarchy
The Book of Samuel holds a plethora of information and history concerning the ancient Israelites and Canaan. "Jewish tradition, the Book of Samuel is a single volume; the SEPTUAGINT and the Latin translation, the Vulgate, divided it into two parts and that division was followed in printed Hebrew Bibles from the early 16th century" (Wigoder, Skolnik & Himelstein, 2002). The writings themselves comprise some of the oldest Hebrew manuscripts. The social and political climate discussed in the Book of Samuel was that of a young nation, establishment of monarchy, and a desire for stability. The Book of Samuel begins with Samuel's birth and after weaning, his life with priests. It is mentioned in the Book he assisted with religious services and heard three times the voice of the Lord. This prompted him to tell Eli of the words he listened to and enabled the first instance of his connection to God. From there he became a leader, helped the Israelites through victories, and was eventually given the title of the kingmaker. Through his actions, Saul became the first king of Israel. From there David took his place as king and the book ends with David's reign over Israel and Judah.
The narrative of the development of the monarchy is offered through the life and action of three main characters. They are Samuel, the last judge, Saul, the first king, and David, Saul's successor. Each character's lives directly linked to one another, showing the various ways religion, politics and social forces shaped the development of the nations in the Arab Spring. For instance, although Saul was king and acted so, Samuel saw early on the kind of person the new king was. Samuel knew Saul would be replaced as king because of his impatience and selfish actions with the Philistines. This is mentioned in 1 Samuel. "Samuel said to him, "The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you today and has given it to one of your neighbors -- to one better than you" (NIV, 1 Samuel 15:28). From a religious standpoint, Saul did not follow the word of God. God ultimately…… [Read More]
God's promise had been enough for Moses when he doubted his ability to confront Pharoah: "Go and make disciples of all nations... And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age." (Matthew 28:19, 20) But it wasn't enough for Gideon who went on and on with this questioning and despite consistent reassurances, kept doubting himself. Gideon is not only weak, he also lacks real faith. He didn't want to die which is strange because all chosen people are supposed to be fearless. Gideon on the other hand was very fearful and wanted to be reassured that he won't die. He was not even sure if the messages were coming from God so he asked for signs:
He demands a sign, and soon receives one that ought to have convinced the most sceptical mind in the world. But Gideon, the true ancestor of all those who come from Missouri, puts a fleece of wool in the floor, and suggests that if the dew fall only on the fleece, while all the earth beside is dry, then he will believe. On the morrow the miracle has happened; he wrings a bowl-full of water out of the fleece, while all around the ground is dry. One can see the expression on his face as he makes the further request that on the following night everything be wet except the fleece. The divine patience is inexhaustible, for now the fleece becomes a little island in a sea of dew." (Phelps: 107-108)
Gideon was still terrified of undertaking a task so daunting. He choose to accomplish the first task of breaking up the altar to Baal and building another altar in its place at night so no other soul could see him. Gideon is still a fragile warrior who shouldn't even be called a warrior for he lacked all the characteristics of one. The only thing good about him was his obedience. At least with his self-doubt and extreme timidity, he still didn't say 'No' to God and carried out his commands. But still Gideon doesn't cut an impressive picture. He was unbearably weak but only God had inexhaustible patience to keep assuring this man of His…… [Read More]
Book of Job
There is a fair amount of controversy surrounding the book of Job along with various controversies about who wrote it. Some scholars maintain that Job did live in the time of Moses, and that the book was written by him; others disagree and maintain that the book was written by Elihu or Isaiah. Since so much of the book focuses on the idea of "wisdom" and comparable factors, others have argued that the book was actually written during the time of King David and King Solomon. On the other hand, others place the book as having been developed during the time of the Babylonian exile, arguing that there is textual evidence within the book which points to this era as being the likely time of its development.
As one scholar describes "The Book of Job, in the Old Testament, opens with words both majestic and once-upon-a-time-ish: 'There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared God, and eschewed evil.' Job has ten children, three thousand camels, seven thousand sheep, and many servants. He is the richest man in the East. He doesn't take his good fortune for granted. Always, the Bible says, he gets up early and makes burnt offerings to God" (Acocella, 2013). The book opens at a time when Satan was just another angel and had not been banished to the nether regions by God: at this time he works as some sort of officer of God. When God boasts about Job being a faithful servant who is extremely devoted to him, Satan answers in reply pointing out the fact that there is no reason why Job shouldn't be devoted to God -- he's been given everything he could ever wish for. Satan urges God to test Job and to see how strong Job's faith will be if he loses everything. God thus grants…… [Read More]
military and National Guard career spanning more than four decades, Michael D. Doubler (2003) is highly qualified to chronicle the history and evolution of the National Guard. Doubler's (2003) analysis roots the National Guard in the original colonial militias, showing how colonial and then state militias morphed into a formidable and cohesive federal force. Although the author avoids political analysis or critique of the roles the National Guard has played, Civilian in Peace, Soldier in War does provide an ample outline of National Guard history. The book accomplishes more than a simple chronology, however. Doubler also details the function and readiness of National Guard in different situations.
The National Guard occupies a curious role in the American armed forces. That role has also shifted dramatically over time, in response to factors like changing domestic needs, changing domestic policies and politics, and also changing international realities. Currently, the National Guard falls under the rubric of armed forces and therefore also under the blanket of the Department of Defense. The Guard is mainly a reserve force, and therefore readiness issues are central to its effectiveness. How the United States Department of Defense manages the National Guard in order to ensure readiness remains one of the core questions Doubler (2003) addresses in Civilian in Peace, Soldier in War. The title of Doubler's (2003) book encapsulates the function of National Guard members who are civilians most of the time yet constantly vigilant for the call to serve in times of crisis.
Doubler's (2003) book does not present an argument as much as it offers a historical and organizational framework for understanding the National Guard. The theoretical standpoint Doubler (2003) uses in the text does, however, include necessary references to the constitutionality of the National Guard as a militia force. Doubler (2003) accurately states that the Constitution of the United States expressly supports and affirms the use of a militia force for suppressing "insurrections," protecting national security from external incursions, and helping to enforce and execute laws (xviii). Thus, Doubler (2003) does welcome debate…… [Read More]
Christopher Wright's book
In contemporary times, many modern and post-modern Christian churches and denominations focus almost explicitly on deconstructing passages in the New Testament to reinforce the value of Jesus and his effect on Christianity. As such, there has been a dearth of emphasis on the Old Testament and its role in not only facilitating the New Testament, but also in influencing the life and position of Jesus as the Messiah. Christopher Wright, who holds a doctoral degree from Cambridge in Old Testament ethics and has authored a number of books related to the Old Testament's place in Christianity, has written another book that attempts to rectify this oversight. Knowing Jesus Through the Old Testament focuses on the continuity between both testaments of the Bible to demonstrate their collective impact on Jesus. The Christ did not operate in a vacuum; to the contrary, he was part of a lengthy lineage of prophets and individuals who God established covenants with to establish his will, his land, and his religion. The author attempts to emphasize the value of the Old Testament in influencing Jesus and Christianity as it is known today.
Wright's approach to proving this particular point is decidedly systematic. Approximately the first 50 pages of this work of literature are devoted to contextualizing the Old Testament and establishing its preeminence as a source for the New Testament and Christianity. It was during the Old Testament that the tradition which Christ would eventually continue was first established, most eminently with Abraham. Abraham was the first prophet whom God selected to give birth to the nation of Israel; it was too Abraham that God promised to deliver many children, land, and prosperity. This particular covenant helped to set the stage for the rest of the covenants in the Old Testament, which included God's pacts with David and Noah, among others. Essentially, Wright establishes the fact that Jesus was part of a tradition of Old Testament figures favored by God as the foundation for the premise of the entire book. It is also important to realize that in establishing this groundwork for the rest of…… [Read More]
break all the Rules": What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently?
The Book entitled as "First, Break All the Rules; subtitles as: What the World's Greatest Managers Do Differently" was written by Buckingham, Marcus and Coffman, Curt who published the story in the year of 1999. In this action, they were able to raise public awareness regarding alternative solutions to bring back effective customer satisfaction with the guidance of role model managers that were responsible for giving back more responsibility for their proficient actions to guide employees. This book has been made to bring up statistical management planning activity that will help all managers to formulate effective business plan to help improve employee's performance in order to increase their level of productivity in an operating business establishment. The book has gained numerous recognitions due to the educational content that are helping academic students as well as business managers who wants to improve their skills and management skills to increase their competency and proficiency while doing with their specific job descriptions efficiently that will enhance organizational management competitively. The book has been based from different business management institutions that have been observed as have been utilized by different kinds of research methodology that includes interviews, questionnaires involving managers. At the same time, the research study was being carried out based on different statistical analysis as well as different research methods that seek to estimate the amount of management efficiency to all kinds of operating business leaders who showed their management talents to the business world. There are some of the most important ideas of the books that present relevant issues and guidelines that should be followed by currently employed managers as well as for those who are aspiring as new managers in order to strengthen their capabilities and confidence of becoming as an effective leader and manager to their subordinates.…… [Read More]