Counseling Session in the Form of a Dialogue
Every counseling process involves exchange of information and shows the clients that the counselor cares about them. The counseling process should include both aspects of emotions and facts. Therefore how the counselor talks and listens is just as important as what he says. The ultimate goal of a counselor is to provide an appropriate solution to the clients and to satisfy them. Every counseling session is a setting where two lives intersect. The key to successfully work towards a common goal is about showing respect and interest in learning about one another. This essay is based on a counseling session in the form of a dialogue between me and my client.
Counseling Session in the Form of a Dialogue
Listening is a skill that requires continuous practice. Counseling sessions are based on hearing and understanding the clients. Professional counselors are good listeners and they exercise some skills such as they are attentive, concentrate on the client, don't interrupt, reflect feelings, give nonverbal feedback and summarize the problem. The purpose of writing this essay is to come up with an effective one time counseling session in the form of dialogue and to pin point the emotions and issues of my client of which she is not aware.
The Counseling Session with a Pretty Girl
"Mrs. Smith, how many clients are left in the waiting room?" I asked my P.A on the phone. "Just one, should I send her in?" she questioned me back. "Yes, yes, send her in my room immediately." After a minute I saw a pretty girl standing near the door of my room.
"Come in please, don't hesitate." I greeted her warmly. "Thank you." she smiled with a fear. Slowly she stepped in my room and sat on the chair. "What's your name?" I asked her with a smile, as I had realized that she is scared while interacting with me. "Jennet, My name is Jennet Paul." Very slowly she spoke her name; I felt she was nervous and immediately I made my mind that this counseling session would take long. "Wow! That's a lovely name! So Jennet…… [Read More]
Counseling Terminally Ill
Counseling the Terminally Ill
Working as a counselor in a medical setting comes inbuilt with a wide array of ethical challenges, practical obstacles and emotional trials. In this context, it is incumbent upon the counselor to possess certain sensitivities, sensibilities and intuition with respect to the needs of clients. This imperative is only magnified when this clientele is facing terminal illness. Counseling patients suffering from terminal illness carries its own spectrum of complexities and only the combination of training, experience and psychological suitability for the job are sufficient to provide one with skills to perform it well. As the discussion hereafter will show, patients with terminal illness are in a unique disposition within the context of medical treatment and must therefore be shown a unique form of counsel. This will be reflected in the values demonstrated and responsibilities assumed by the attending counselor both in this discussion and in the video compiled to accompany it.
Values and Responsibilities of the Counselor:
The responsibilities of the counselor can fall within a wide range of permutations depending on the patient's specific needs. But a common role taken on by the counselor of the terminally ill, reports Daneker (2006) is participation in strategies designed to help reduce physical pain in the patient. Daneker reports that "pain management is one of the most important concerns of hospice care (National Hospice Foundation, 2001). In addition to pain medication, the use of traditional psychological interventions such as biofeedback, hypnosis, relaxation and imagery techniques are used to provide skills that increase the client's awareness and control of pain." (Danaker, p. 1) This indicates that the counselor will be responsible for bringing a host of holistic and homeopathic strategies for healing into the therapeutic relationship. Thus, the value system of the counselor of the terminally ill patient should perhaps even more so than other medical professionals be a particularly receptive one. In helping the patient to content with pain as well as to find ways of controlling fear and panic symptoms in the body, the counselor can bring a considerable amount of physiological…… [Read More]
" This involves coming up with a list of the consequences of reacting to an event (Budman, 1992). This means that they describe what emotions the activating event made them feel.
The principles facilitate being rational because they shift focus from emotions to logic. The group gets an opportunity to look at the problems they face from a rational perspective, which creates room for possibilities. Thinking rationally helps in creating many alternative solutions, and helps clients make decisions consciously and willingly. It also ensures that individuals in the group are responsible for their actions and this solves the problems that arise from shifting blame. This technique aims at challenging the logic behind the clients' responses.
Another technique is imagination disputation. Each client creates a scenario that would lead to a reaction and emotional consequences. The group members express how they would react in that situation and later discuss the appropriate way to react. This gives each member an opportunity to become rational about an otherwise irrational situation and be composed. It also helps the healing process because the clients are able to start practicing positive self-talk. They can also include it in their short- and long-term goals (Jacobs 2006).
Use of the Emotional Control Card is a somewhat weird but very effective technique for ensuring the sustainability of positive behavior change. This is an actual card written all the negative habitual responses of the clients, and the appropriate responses for the same situations. When feeling the urge to react inappropriately, the clients can read their cards and keep their reactions and responses in check. The therapist need not worry about relapses because this is one of the most effective ways of sustaining positive behavior change.
Finding the appropriate time for group counseling is one of the greatest challenges to this task. People spend their time at work or doing something important. They are hardly able to create time to rest, let alone schedule a group counseling session. The twenty-four hours economy leads to high stress levels in employees and general members of the public. The stereotype attitude that people have towards counseling also does nothing to improve the situation. The therapist has to rely on the hope that potential clients really feel the need to seek for help, so much so that they are willing to make time for counseling sessions. When clients have formed a group, the challenge…… [Read More]
Counseling and the Helping Professions
Counseling and related helping professions can be highly valuable for people who are struggling to cope with specific events in their lives (Constantine, 2007). Some people see counselors individually, and others go as a couple, group, or family. There are many reasons why people see counselors, depending on the areas of life with which they are having trouble. For those who get into counseling as a profession, there are different areas to choose from and specialties to consider in each one of those areas (Vogel, Wade, & Hackler, 2007). In order to be an effective counselor and help the largest number of people, it is very important to find a helping profession or counseling specialty with which a person is comfortable. That will allow that person to provide the most benefit to the largest number of people. Addressed here will be the specialties of several different kinds of counseling, their similarities and differences, the requirements and organizations related to those types of counseling, and the preference and interests of the writer.
The Specialties of Family Counseling
In family counseling there are many different specialties. These can include generalized family therapy, parenting problems, teen and adult anger issues, management of stress, physical and other types of abuse, codependency, blended family issues, and conflict resolution (Dillon, Worthington, Soth-McNett, & Schwartz, 2008). By addressing one or more of these areas, a person is more able to focus on the value and good in life, and he or she becomes better at putting problems into a more realistic perspective (Sommers-Flanagan & Sommers-Flanagan, 2006). With that in mind, many counselors who are focused on family counseling specialize in one or more of the specific areas within that counseling realm. That allows them to have a higher level of knowledge regarding how to help their clients and what kinds of issues are more specific to those clients and their families.
The Specialties of Couples Counseling
Where couples counseling is concerned, improving communication is a specialty. So are issues like love and intimacy, overcoming infidelity, sex therapy, separation and divorce difficulties, infertility, and gay and lesbian issues (Swift & Callahan, 2008). Couples counselors today are going to see more same…… [Read More]
Counseling and Personal Values
Integrating Learned Theories about Counseling with Your Personal Values
As the world has modernized, people have started experiencing more psychological problems and other problems than ever. Despite the normal behavior that most of the people depict, they are a victim of psychological disturbances which ultimately makes them sick. Therefore counseling was introduces as a means to address various kinds of problem that people find difficult to tackle. There are many theories of counseling that help us deal with the problems but it is important to know how these theories integrate with our personal values. The impact that these theories have on the personal values of each person will be different due to the fact that personal values are different for each person.
Definition of Counseling
Ever since counseling has emerged has a professional field, the need for a definition has been increasing. However, it is extremely difficult to devise a scientific definition of counseling. There have been various attempts at developing a definition in a systematic manner. One of these attempts defines counseling as a relationship that is portrayed through the application of communication skills along with the psychological theories. The relationship aims to improve the problems that the client is facing by addressing his intimate concerns and feelings. The definition defines facilitation and the client's welfare as the aim of counseling. Counseling session can be carried out in any professional or personal setting depending upon the client's comfort (Feltham & Dryden, 2005).
Now that a systemized definition of counseling is known, it is important to know what the concept of counseling is in our understanding. The concept of counseling in mind emerges from the word relationship. Counseling is understood to have developed into a professional field that deals with all the professional and personal problems related to relationships and career. Counseling was developed to solve problems of the people that were never taken seriously and had a very strong negative impact on a person's life.
Helping characteristics in a relationship
The most important thing to note here is that we are…… [Read More]
Describe the mental hygiene movement in Counseling Psychology.
Mental hygiene can be considered as a science of preventing disorders and maintaining a mental health at their full mental capability. This involves the precautions that are taken in order to encourage and safeguard the mental health. It offers therapy for the mentally disturbed, takes preventive measures of the ailment, and also assists in helping the patients cope with this stress. The community recognizes the relationship between mental health, the population affected by it, and also its effect on the society (Pointon, 2004). This division on mental health handles people with social problems which include drug addiction, and suicide attempts. Most of the people suffering mental ailments have been neglected by the society. Others have been mistreated while the rest have been isolated from the society. Treatment and prevention to this condition involves prenatal care, child abuse programs, and also counseling offered to the victims. Use of psychotherapy and drug therapy done sometimes by support groups has been of major help (Pointon, 2004).
Mental Hygiene movement was mostly introduced to curb prostitution and the health hazards that came along with it. This movement was introduced between the late nineteenth an twentieth century. The movement's aim was to protect the social purity professionally (Thorne, 2000). American Social Hygiene Association is a movement that was created in 1913 and was introduced to schools for teaching of hygiene purposes. By the twentieth century, counseling psychology was introduced to deal with those who were dealing with mental illness.
Instead of focusing on the mental treatment, the mental hygiene movements concentrated on how to prevent it. They also concentrated on how to promote the mental health. They placed their emphasis on children because research showed that most of these distresses were as a result of early childhood experiences. This made them reach out to the parents first to educate them on the effects of childhood on mental illnesses. The mental hygienists involved the schools in these programs so as to reach out to the children (Pointon, 2004).
During the 1920s, the mental hygiene movements had touched on the restorative perception on the problems faced by children every day. Clinics were put up and together with the juvenile courts;…… [Read More]
Counseling professions is one of the most storied and interesting professions in the world. This is due in part to the unique composition of those who inhabit the world. Everyone is unique in their values, heritage, desires, and interests. As such, there is no exact science in regards to counseling. The profession is ever changing with new discoveries or insights occurring every year. It is important therefore, to have counselors possess certain characteristics to better prepare for an erratic and ambiguous world. In it my aim through this document to compare and contrast distinct characteristics that set successful counselors apart from those that are unsuccessful.
Culture is very important in regards to counseling characteristics. Our nation is changing in ways previously thought unimaginable. Each year America becomes more global as an influx of immigrants and migrant workers venture to America with aspirations of a better life. What was once regarded as a single demographic of white individuals has now expanded into a growing nation of many different dialects and cultures. To reflect these changes, the counseling profession must alter its thinking and approach in regards to different ethnic groups. The field must now address the new opportunities presented to America in the context of differing viewpoints and cultural perspectives. As such, it is imperative for counselors to identify cultural influences, and how those influences correspond to counseling behavior. The values-based multi-cultural model was created with this explicit purpose in mind.
An ideal counselor must also be empathic and genuine. These two characteristics are essential in achieving adequate performance. The counseling profession hinges primarily on the ability of counselors to develop trust with their clients. Through this trust, better results can be achieved as individuals disclose relevant and truthful information to the counselor. Trust, is the main objective for the counselor. To get there however, empathy and a genuine concern for the individual are necessary. Now in order to be genuine, I believe the counselor must possess the characteristics of passion and sincerity. Passion and sincerity allow individuals to work harder, to care more, and to otherwise do a better job then there impassionate counterparts. This is important, and clients can easy ascertain the difference between genuine concern and flattery. One comes from the heart, while the other comes…… [Read More]
Prominent factors influencing group and individual counseling
(#3) Which approaches to individual and group counseling are best for new group counselors?
Successful theoretical approaches vary between individual and group therapy. Nevertheless, there is overlap in the efficacy of certain approaches. For example, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has a strong success rate in both group and individual contexts (Beiling, McCabe, Antony, 2009). Although it is true that CBT was originally implemented in an individual setting, there are specific reasons why it is adaptable to a group format. Specifically, CBT endeavors to alter the way in which people distinguish between internal and external reality, changing how one responds to their environment rather than addressing psychological insight (Beiling, McCabe, Antony, 2009). Additionally, many CBT patients have anxiety disorders, and many patients find the group setting less intimidating than a private dynamic.
CBT is also particularly successful to either individual or group contexts because it is adaptable to many different settings and is action-based; therapists can therefore incorporate the entire groups at once rather than needing to focus on one individual at a time. For individuals, another successful theoretical approach is psychodynamic psychotherapy, which focuses on altering one's psychological makeup. Although CBT and psychodynamic therapy are amenable to new counselors, CBT may be more applicable for new counselors since it relies less on the interpretations and insights of the counselors and is more grounded in exercises and activities.
(#4): Aspects of individual and group counseling that are most challenging for a new counselor
There are many aspects of both individual and group counseling that are challenging for a new counselor. One challenging aspect that is germane to both settings involves the hostility that many therapists incur at the hands of their patient(s). Many patients are placed in therapy against their will, or are susceptible to drastic mood changes that may result in an angry outburst directed at the therapist. Consequently, therapists are tasked with not only managing their own emotions, but attempting to regulate those of the client as well. Both tasks can be particularly challenging for new counselors, as they have often not yet developed the confidence in their…… [Read More]
Counseling African Women UK
The people of the world are hurting. Worse yet, the economic downturn and the momentum toward cutting government costs at all levels with little regard to what that means suggests that those who have been treated poorly and unfairly in the past will be first in line to shoulder more suffering. And that bodes poorly for the African and black women of the UK who have only recently begun to be recognized as the true victims of serious systematic injustices that are resulting in or making worse a broad range of mental health concerns (Center for Mental Health, 2011).
This reality comes on top of the fact that it has not been until very recently that women and women of color of the UK have even begun being identified as in serious need of help. Only as recently as 2005 (Mayor of London, Blueprint for Action), 2006 (SCMH) and 2007 (Moore), several major economic and racial assessments really document the problems of the nation's mental health system, and even then in so doing these reports focused almost exclusively on economic costs not racial or gender issues. Not until The Equality Act in 2010, in fact, did gender get sufficient attention to ensure some level of fairness in the provision of services, and still the majority goes to White men before people of color or women (Wallcraft, 2011).
The depth of this neglect and its potential impact for minority and African Caribbean women in Britain (one of several classifications of blacks) can be seen an online factsheet for UK women in distress. This Q&A overview details the level of severity of problems for these women, and then offers ways that counseling and support can be better provided. While it is but one resource now becoming more recognized, it is important for building bridges to women of color who were often the victims of prejudices about their biology and gender in getting care or understanding their conditions. As such, most were left to their own networks for assistance or just got worse, often…… [Read More]
In line with narrative therapy techniques, describe how the counselor externalized Helen's problems. Why is externalization so important in this session? How effective is it with Helen?
Externalization is critical to narrative therapy, allowing the client to detach herself from the problem. The counselor externalizes Helen's problems first by ceasing to frame them as problems. Instead the counselor frames Helen's problems within the context of her life story, and encourages her to do the same. Problems become challenges, which Helen, the hero, is destined to overcome with the help of key allies like the counselor. One of the most notable ways the counselor externalizes Helen's problems is by personifying her problem as a character in a story: Nagging Dissatisfaction. Nagging Dissatisfaction becomes the antagonist to Helen, the protagonist. By externalizing Nagging Dissatisfaction, Helen can stop identifying with someone who is tormented and start to take action to achieve her goals. Nagging Dissatisfaction, and not Helen, is responsible for the "scare tactics and lies" that are only serving to "intimidate and confuse." By detaching the issues such as scare tactics and lies, Helen can observe them rather than identifying with them. Helen can address Nagging Dissatisfaction as the hero of her own narrative.
The counselor also uses externalization to place Helen's present situation within the context of a linear narrative with a distinct past, present, and future. Although the counselor permits non-linear methods of allowing Helen's story to emerge, there does appear to be a traditional beginning, middle, and probable future to the narrative that can help Helen to situate herself and contemplate her story from an objective stance. Thus, the counselor addresses Helen's childhood issues such as her not feeling "seen," and therefore planting the seeds for low self-worth. Present issues such as the marriage and Helen's identity within it, are externalized too. Her problems are presented…… [Read More]
Socializing the client is an important approach in cognitivebehavioral therapy. It is visible in this video session with the manners the doctor is showing. She is showing very good explanatory manners. Introducing herself to the client, she goes on to elaborate what is going to happen and how they are about to take this process. In other words, it is very crucial to inform the client about what is about to happen to them. This is crucial because initially the clients are distressed and not feeling so good about the situation or about themselves. This causes to come up with depressing scenarios and predictions about what is to happen.
Socializing the client is basically telling the client the philosophy, stricter and the practices of this approach to therapy. It is important to tell the client about this so they understand why the doctor is taking this approach. Not only would the client understand this approach but they would also follow the therapy and apply it to themselves more. As mentioned before, it is crucial to tell the client about what is going to happen to them. In socializing the client to the therapy, they should be told about the principles and practices of the therapy.
This is basically a kind of counseling that the therapist carries forward on his or her clients. The first step is basically inquiring the client about what they already know. This is crucial so the client does not feel overwhelmed at first. The doctor shows in the video by asking the client how she is doing and how she last week was. This politeness is crucial so the client starts feels comfortable and is willing to talk to the client.
Another aspect of socializing the client is explaining why the doctors are doing everything. In other words, if you merely just direct…… [Read More]
Counseling is described by Kobeisy as the professional form of guidance that is aimed at addressing concerns as well as aid individuals in improving their attitude, coping skills as well as behavior (Kobeisy 1).Counseling can help people, families as well as groups in achieving optimal growth and development for the stages of life in which they go through. Counseling as a profession has many specialties like marriage, grief, and pastoral as well as career. It is worth noting that apart from pastoral counseling, the field of counseling is meant to be a free.This is to imply that the counselor should be open minded while approaching their clients with an attitude that is non-judgmental. They are also not allowed to impose or even direct their clients. The counseling process should therefore help the clients to clearly see their choices, appropriately set their objectives while making the necessary changes in order to realize their goals. In order to practice as a professional counselor, a master degree in counseling is the bare minimum that must be attained by the practitioner (Kobeisy 1). As a consequence of increasing level of diversity in the U.S. And the rest of the world, a multicultural perspective has been added as a necessary component in all forms of counseling. This implies that there is specialization in counseling. In order to possess the necessary knowledge and competency as a counselor, it is necessary to possess three different skills. The counselor must have the skill, knowledge and awareness of self, client as well as counseling approaches.
In regard to self, the counselor should have the ability to recognize their sources of information, the possible biases as well as faulty assumptions regarding others as well as understand their strengths and limitations. In regard to the client, the counselor should be aware of the opinion of the client in a manner that is non-judgmental. The counselor must also support the legitimate goals of the…… [Read More]
Reasons for Seeking a Counseling Degree
Goals of Counseling
Reasons for seeking Counseling Degree
Effective Counseling Skills
Move on with Life
Making a Difference in someone's life
Personality Characteristics for Counseling
Counseling as a Career
Counseling is referred as the relationship between a counselor and an individual in which the counselor helps the individual to achieve a particular goal in the best way that can satisfy an individual. It can also be referred as the methods, techniques and skills which can help an individual to solve and cope with their problems. Counseling is the method through which a counselor can guide an individual to have a clear understanding of his or her attitude by helping the person to explore his or her thoughts, behavior and feelings about a particular situation.
Professional counseling is a technique that enables the counselors to establish a relationship with the individuals where they could help them to fight with the mental illness or to achieve their career goals.
Many individuals and families seek counseling so that they could deal with the tensions and problems in their lives. Usually people seek counseling because they are frustrated, hurt or in a poor mental condition due to a particular problem in their lives. These difficult times or situations urge them to go for counseling. Most of these situations involve trouble in relationships like husband and wife, friends, coworkers or with other family members. The persons involved in this situation may be suffering from mental disorders like stress, anxiety or depression. In this situation one can seek the assistance from a professional counselor.
Most of the time a person requires the care and support of a counselor because he or she have become physically and mental weak due to the weight of stress or some emotional trauma in his or her lives. It becomes difficult for a person to survive in such circumstances and the only way for that person to escape such mental conditions is to consult a counselor who can bring them back to life. Counseling helps the person to fight these situations by becoming physically and mentally strong. It…… [Read More]
Counseling Master Questionnaire
A counseling session with an individual may qualify research as, putting together of information and understandings, followed by determination of validity of the conclusions and activities central on the shared knowledge (McLeod, 2003 p.4). A working definition of research is; an organized course of decisive investigation resulting to legitimate suggestions and conclusions, which are conveyed to other interested people. Based on this definition, there are several concepts that need evaluation. Critical inquiry is the drive whereby human beings are curious to know, learn and offer solutions to problems. As a process, research includes steps or stages, which further relies on observation, reflection and experimentation.
In the case of systematic, this means that research takes place within a theoretical system, and research includes application of principles aiming at achieving valid information. Results of research are propositions meaning that, after a research, there is a need to communicate the results to the public domain. Validity is the concept of authenticity of a research. Therefore, every research should provide empirical evidence into the problem. Finally, research is communicated to interest others, meaning that research studies offer a person, pieces of information that combine to form the complexity of the literature on the subject matter (McLeod, 2003, p.4).
2) Why is research important for counselors based on McLeod's perspective?
According to McLeod (2003, p. 1-2) research is significant to counselors for various reasons. Research has helped counselors gain a broad perspective. Research studies allow counselors to learn from works of other counselors hence increasing their knowledge in a broad perspective. Research has also assisted counselors develop new ideas. This is because counseling and psychotherapy are emerging professions, meaning that there are constant advancements in theory and innovations. Another significance of research is that counselors can apply counseling in new areas. This is mainly because of the development of methods, which has led to emerging of new clients.
3) Explain the philosophical tensions of what research is according to McLeod's perspective…… [Read More]
Moreover, maltreated children reveal their feelings and situations when a counselor engages them in group counseling. Younger children perform well with growth playgroups where older children profit from activity groupings and treatment-oriented groups. Groups counseling is essential for sexually abused children because it lowers their guilt, differentness and shame feelings. Group counseling also helps abused children to learn ways in which they can defend themselves from any form of abuse.
Counseling maltreated children is difficult because it can inspire feelings that are more intricate to the counselor. A counselor may become angry with the abused child's parent or abusers. he/she may develop frustration and sad feeling in the course of the counseling process. However, the main role and focus of a counselor is to protect an abused child from more abuse (Kuehnle and Connell, 2010). The counselor handling sensitive concerns of abuse must seek supervision, consultation and treatment when they feel overwhelmed with emotions. Acknowledging their professional restraints is helpful and counselors should understand the counseling alone is not an effective strategy to protect an abused child. Any productive long-standing intervention requires a rigorous team perspective as well as a community that care to provided sufficient facilities for families in efforts for helping and protecting children.
Thomspson, C., & Lenderson, D. (2010). Counseling children. New York: Cengage Learning.
Deb, S., & Mukherjee, A.(2011). Background and adjustment of sexually abused girls and their perceptions of intervention. Child Abuse Review, 20, 213-230.
Kuehnle, K., & Connell, M. (2010). Child sexual abuse suspicions: Treatment considerations during investigations. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 19: 554-571.
Mart, E. (2010). Assessment and testimony in child abuse cases. Journal of Psychiatry & Law,
Mart, E. (2010). Common errors in the assessment of allegations of child sexual abuse. Journal of Psychiatry & Law, 38:325:343
Tuohimaa, K., Santtila, P., & Sandnabba, K. (2009). Expert judgment in cases of alleged child sexual abuse: Clinicians sensitivity to suggestive influences, pre-existing beliefs and base…… [Read More]
Guidance and Counseling
Role of the Counselor
Group vs. Individual Counseling
Role of the Counselor
The counselor interviewed became a school counselor because she loves children and feels a strong sense of purpose to give back to society by helping children. She works with children between the ages of about eight and twelve. The counselor started with a degree in educational psychology and chose to be a school counselor over other options such as a private counselor or family counselor. One of the main goals that the counselor described is careful listening. Listening is an important skill that allows children feel more comfortable with sharing their true feelings or problems. She also listed empathy as a critical skill towards the same end. When you empathize with children they are also far more likely to be more open and honest about the challenges they are experiencing.
The role of the counselor obviously depends on the individual perspective and professional identity that the counselor has developed. The professional identity process is dynamic and develops over time. One qualitative study focused on the development of this professional identity and found that conflict resolution was one of the most salient factors that influence the development of a professional identity (Brott & Myers, 2011). From the interview conducted, this seemed to fit the counselor's career development as well. She had learned many strategies through her background and her experience to help children feel more comfortable so that she could get as close as possible to whatever conflict they were experiencing in their lives.
Another role of school counseling that was identified in the literature was for the counselor to help students become self-regulator learners. Although this wasn't covered in the interview, self-regulating learning can empower students toward greater academic performances (Lapan, Kardash, & Turner, 2002). However, there are different levels of conflict that students face and focusing on learning strategies is often at a low priority than other more critical conflicts.
The counselor interviewed stated that they had a great deal of freedom to develop their own techniques in their work setting with a few exceptions. Furthermore, they saw their role as a mediator between the schools administration and the children's parents. There are also a set of school policies that govern the counselors role but these are not too…… [Read More]
Counseling Minor Clients: Ethical and Legal Requirements
The purpose of this work in writing is to define four ethical and/or legal issues related to counseling minors. This will be accomplished through an academic literature review in which the ethical and legal conflicts that arise in counseling a minor will be analyzed. This work will explain how each of these conflicts will be addressed.
Defining the Terms 'Minor', 'Legal' and 'Ethical'
It is important that the counselor who works with minors "discuss and clarify confidentiality limitations with students before counseling begins to help ensure that students understand the limits of confidentiality within the counseling process. (Froeschle & Moyer, 2004 in: Hall and Rushing, nd) The work of Glosoff and Pate (2002) states that the moral principles most often cited in relation to ethical practices of counselors include those as follows: (1) truth-telling; (2) equity and justice which is fairness; (3) doing no harm known as nonmaleficence; (4) doing good known as beneficence; (4) giving respect for individual free choice or autonomy; and (6) keeping ones' promises known as fidelity. (Glosoff and Pate, 2002, p. 1)
The moral principle of beneficence is stated to refer to the counselors' responsibility to assist their clients in gaining something positive from having engaged in counseling. It is stated that the application of moral principles involved in respecting the rights of minors when they are involved in counseling is not always easy as the counselor "must have a good grasp of issues reacted to the concepts of: (1) the minor individual's legal status and privacy ethics; (2) confidentiality; (3) privileged communication; and (4) informed consent. (Glosoff and Pate, 2002, p.1)
II. ACA Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice
The ACA (1995) Code of Ethics and Standards of Practice is stated to specifically mention the term 'minor' twice in regards to matters of consent. As well, the Ethical Standards for School Counselors (ASCA, 1998) is inclusive of standards relative to counseling minors however, neither one of the documents defines the term minor. Minors are generally defined as individuals under the age of 18 years of age. While…… [Read More]
Indiana Counseling Ethics
The state of Indiana, like all other states, regulates the professionals within their state to ensure that they comply with state law. Ethical requirements are maintained by the state's individual counseling agency; in this case the Indiana Counseling Association. Guidance for licensure is controlled by the state's licensing agency the Indiana Professional Licensing Administration. Through the efforts of these three agencies, professional counselors understand the constraints and requirements of their profession and consumers can understand the protections that they are afforded when they require counseling services. This essay will look at specific requirements, how they are governed, ad who has responsibility for that governance.
Three professions -- mental health counselors, marriage and family counselors, clinical social workers -- are governed by the statutes in Indiana licensure (IPLA, 2008). These three share some of the same responsibilities, but, according to job title, split others. All three act as counselors at times during their time with clients, and all three use assessment materials. However they also differ. Clinical social workers will search out "tangible health services" (IPLA, 2008), marriage and family counselors use group and family techniques to resolve conflicts, and mental health counselors use information and community resources to promote client growth. Mental health counselors also conduct counseling referrals and conduct vocation planning (IPLA, 2008).
All three professions have strict guidelines with respect to confidentiality, privileged communication and duty to warn. The statute regarding confidentiality says that confidentiality of the consumer is inviolate except when the individual speaks of harming themselves or others, abuse to themselves or others, or the counselor is ordered to divulge confidential information by a court (OCR, nd). Privileged communication, according to the IPLA (2008), is any communication between a counselor and consumer during the commission of therapeutic session. That is except when,
"disclosure relates directly to the facts or the immediate circumstances of the homicide; reveals contemplation or commission of a crime; client either minor or incompetent adult and was abused or victim of a crime; proceeding to determine mental competency; civil or criminal malpractice of counselor; express…… [Read More]
The concept of ethical behavior is one in which there is no definite perspective. Each individual has varying belief and values in regards to ethical behavior. These values and beliefs subsequently form the foundation by which the concept of "ethics" is created. This concept of ethics is then used as a basis to conduct oneself through various circumstances. What may seem unethical to one individual is indeed ethical to another. In many circumstances, a credible case can be made in distinguishing both unethical and ethical activity in regards to a certain situation. This scenario represented by the professional counselor is no different in this regard. Depending on the viewpoints and the underlying values of the individual assessing the situation, compelling points can be made for either ethical or unethical behavior. It is my contention however, that actions on the part of the counselor are indeed unethical
As a professional counselor, certain standards and policies apply to the individual. Below is a passage directly from the American Association for Christian Counselors. This organization is regarded as one the premier authorities of ethical behavior on the part of counselors. The AACC code is likewise considered one of the most comprehensive, specific, and detailed code of ethics in all counseling professions. Below is the insert regarding sexual behavior for the AACC code of ethics:
"Christian counselors refuse to condone or advocate for the pursuit of or active involvement in pre-marital and extra-marital sexual behavior by clients -- promoting an affair is never proper counsel as a solution to marital problems. We acknowledge that sex is God's good creation and a delightful gift when confined to one man and one woman in marriage. We may agree to and support the wish to work out issues of sexual behavior, identity, and attractions, but will encourage sexual celibacy or biblically proscribed sexual behavior while such issues are being addressed"
The counselor, as noted in the case…… [Read More]
Counseling and Coaching
Coaching: Case Study
Key Differences Between Coaching and Counseling
In considering the case of Antti Kytolandd it is critical to differentiate his possible mental health needs from those that are strictly work performance issues. As we consider the differences between formal psychological counseling and employment coaching models it is obvious that there are key differences in the approaches and the most useful and correct approach can often be determined by the client's specific needs (Egan, 1998). To that end it's critical to first consider Antti's overall mental health and stability prior to making key decisions regarding how to counsel or coach him.
The main differences between counseling and coaching lie in the fact that coaching clients are primarily well functioning individuals seeking ways in which to actively participate in the improvement of personal or employment issues. In a psychological counseling model clients may have an underlying mental health disorder or pathology that causes them to behave dysfunctionally, blocking their professional progress and personal growth. One key aspect of psychological treatment is to consider the medical and clinical aspects of the presenting issues. A psychologist or psychiatrist would likely make a full assessment of Antti's personal situation and develop a treatment plan based on a combination of counseling and any necessary medical interventions.
Antti's case is not completely well suited for basic coaching interventions in the employment or human resources setting because he is displaying symptoms of psychological distress. He has displayed increasingly erratic behavior including fits of inappropriate anger and disorganized thought, such as refusing a career promotion and displaying what may be paranoid thoughts regarding his present employers. His current situation seems characterized by obvious signs of mental distress and the possible onset of a major mental health disorder. He has lost weight, he is not sleeping, and close friends report a major change in his personality and interpersonal behaviors. It's fairly clear that a basic coaching intervention may not meet his physical and mental health needs. Antti should be encouraged to have a full medical and mental health assessment with screening for serious mental health disorders such as major depression, bipolar disorder, and even paranoid psychosis. At the same time, he should be fully evaluated to rule out any possible medical causes for his behavior, including substance abuse issues (Glassman & Haddad, 2009).
A traditional coaching model will likely not meet Antti's needs…… [Read More]