Once Upon A Time Essays

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Stephen Crane Once Upon a Essay

Words: 2578 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33135568

"The Open Boat" may have been based on Crane's real-life experience but it also functions as symbolic "of man's battle against the malevolent, indifferent, and unpredictable forces of nature…This reading is confirmed by the final irony of the death of the oiler, physically the strongest man on the scene and the one most favored to withstand the ordeal" (Rath & Shaw 97). The futility of resisting the power nature with human strength is illustrated by his death. "To some critics such a battle offers a growth experience: it either allows us existentially to know our place in the universe as we realize 'the absurdity of [our] experience' and of 'the human condition,' or it forces us to acknowledge the 'impossibility of man's knowledge'" of his fate (Rath & Shaw 97).

Crane's journalistic bent primarily reveals itself in what has been called an 'intense pressure to see,' as he fights to observe as well as to stay alive both as a participant and as a narrator on "The Open Boat." His stories all "center on an 'event of seeing.' An 'intense pressure to see' is Crane's most typical narrative posture, more so than an obsession with realism (and why impressionism rather than naturalism may be an even better term for Crane's works (Stronks 328). "A character's process or act of 'apprehension' becomes Crane's metaphor for understanding, awareness, wisdom" (Stronks 328). Even in his less overtly symbolic stories such as The Blue Hotel, there is an emphasis on description as a revelation of character. The Blue Hotel has the same concentrated atmosphere as The Open Boat, as it is set in a claustrophobically small Western town in Nebraska, in which five men are trapped for the winter. "It is Crane's use of figurative language that raises the story to the level of art - his use of description to weave a tapestry of words whose pattern becomes a multi-colored, three-dimensional Rorschach ink blot in whose symbolic shapes the reader can discern the outlines of his own fears conjured up by his subconscious in nightmare dreams" (Peirce 160).

The focus on the card game as the center of the story, and the prospect of cheating highlight the importance of careful observation and seeing: "Crane's use of ocular references in The Blue Hotel strongly supports his story's structure and thematic significance. The story turns,…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Crane, Stephen. The Blue Hotel. July 17, 2009.

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Malware Attacks the Democratic Process Once Upon Essay

Words: 2658 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 53579764

Malware Attacks the Democratic Process

Once upon a time, a candidate had to excel at kissing babies and stump speeches. These were the major ways in which the candidate got his -- or much less frequently her -- image out to voters. All that the candidate's staff had to do as to ensure that reporters and photographers showed up at the right time to capture the choreographed images. The world of politicking today has been entirely transformed by the use of virtual communication, both websites and social media. Thus not only do campaign staffs have to be ever-vigilant for the unscripted moment on the trail in which the candidate is caught with the rabbit-in-the-headlights look. They also have to be constantly on the look-out for attacks on websites that will either distort the candidate's message or shut down the ability of the candidate to get that message out. This paper begins with a scenario of a malicious code attack on a candidate's website and the ways in which the candidate's technical staff fights back against the attack.

The scene of the crime is the website of a candidate for governor. She belongs to the party not in power in the state and would therefore be considered very much a long shot. No one from her party has won the statehouse in over 20 years. However, this candidate has a number of advantages. She served in the army in both Iraq and Afghanistan. While she could not serve in a combat position because of her gender, she effectively saw action as a transport driver and several times saved the lives of other soldiers by helping to evacuate them. She is also a former Olympic-class sprinter and successfully raised her seven younger siblings after their parents were killed in a car accident. Her biography, along with a keen kind, sensible ideas, and an ability to connect with people from all backgrounds have made her…… [Read More]

College of New Jersey security guidelines. Retrieved from  http://www.tcnj.edu/~it/security/passwords.html .

Murphy, S. (18 April 2010). Revere candidate target of cyber attack:AG Coakley investigating offensive posts. Retrieved from http://www.boston.com/news/local/Massachusetts/articles/2010/04/18/revere_candidate_target_of_cyber_attack/
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Time Bind Essay

Words: 967 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49675507


Russell Hochschild, Arlie. The Time Bind: When Work Becomes Home and Home Becomes Work. New YOrk: Owl Books, 2001.

Explain the title. What is the "Time Bind"?

The author of The Time Bind, Arlie Russell Hochschild, states that for many parents today, particularly women, when the formal, paid part of their work shift ends, another unpaid work shift begins. This second shift comprises the demands of home and family care and is effectively another full-time job. This creates a tension, or time bind between work and home, leaving no time for private leisure, much less devoting time to making a better world and community life for the next generation.

More and more women are working, and these women working full-time rather than part-time, despite the demands of their children. Also, men are working more rather than fewer hours, leaving husbands and fathers even less available to help raise the children or to work around the home, much less be equal partners to their spouses regarding chores and child-rearing obligations. (7)

What is cultural transformation?

Once upon a time in America, corporate professionalism was less important than giving back to one's family and social community. The cultural worlds of family and private life were paramount. Even in families where men and women embraced the traditional roles of breadwinner and homemaker, the working father worked put food on the table, he did not work merely to serve the CEO. Now, however, as evidenced at the Amerco Company that Hochschild was studying, a cultural shift in attitude has occurred in America. This cultural transformation makes paid professional work a priority over family for both men and women. One's value as a person is equated with one's salary and the hours one spends at one's occupation.

Part of this cultural transformation has occurred because parents are so worried about losing their jobs. In contrast, the social worlds with which Americans had traditionally associated their deepest values, the family, have…… [Read More]

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Spy Kids 2001 A Radical Essay

Words: 1715 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 76191742

The names of the characters in Spy Kids, such as Floop, give a Willy Wonka-espionage-in-fun verbal as well as visual tone to the film, and the thumb-shaped henchmen of Floop seem like a tribute to the Wonka oompah-loompas.

For students of Rodriquez, Spy Kids may not be the director's most significant film, but it is an argument that the director, even when making a mainstream Hollywood genre film, has a clear vision as a filmmaker. He is unapologetic in his call for the centrality of Hispanic life and ordinary Hispanic heroism in cinema. His heroes are ordinary people in extraordinary circumstances, yet capable of showing grit and wit and rising to the occasion when needed. His heroes take themselves as well as the audience by surprise.

Works… [Read More]

Ebert, Roger. Spy Kids. The Chicago Sun Times. March 30, 2001. March 15, 2010.

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Subversive Elements in Stadust 'Once Essay

Words: 947 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59767017

Trace the roots of many of the traditional cannon of fairy tale - Cinderella, Snow White, Sleeping Beauty etc. - and women and children are often subdued by the establishment. Stardust's suggestion that there might be greater things inside all of us seems perfectly in line with traditional fairy tales.

If, however, you believe in more traditional gender roles and are very conservative in regards to family structure then Stardust may present a problem namely, that homosexuality is okay. To those coming from the hard right, Captain Shakespeare's effeminate behavior behind closed doors (or in the closet), and his revelation to the crew that he enjoys cross-dressing and they're subsequent reveal that they already knew, Stardust is definitely a challenge to the status quo. Even the heterosexual romance between Tristan and Yvaine pushes the limit as they are shown in bed together on more than one occasion. Magic and the heavy pagan influence might be of particular concern, as were parents after the release of "Harry Potter," and "The Golden Compass."

Hard liberals and feminists could pull their own message still. Both Tristan's human love Victoria (Sienna Miller), Yvaine (Claire Danes), and the witch (Michelle Pfeiffer) have blonde hair, blue eyes, and a near perfect Aryan complexion. There are no people of color shown on either side of the wall. Portrayals of women are questionable as well. They're shown as being fickle in the case of Victoria - she'll only marry Tristan if he can get her the fallen star and then complain about it being too small; conniving and deceitful as with the witches; and gullible - Yvaine gets tricked repeatedly by more than one character. Furthermore, femininity is shown as being dangerous - the more beautiful the witch the greater her power.

What all of this means is that the messages embedded into a film may not be the same messages that are extracted (Lurie, 27). The forces driving a character's actions are as much focused by the reader as they…… [Read More]

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Fish A Love Story I Would Like Essay

Words: 1535 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7779288

Fish: A Love Story?

I would like to begin this story as all truly great love stories begin, but unfortunately this is not a truly great love story.

So, I will just begin with the tried and true old standby, "Once upon a time."

But before we begin I want you to know that this is a true love story, or so legend has it, made-up from a fabrication of a fable of suspicious origin.

Did everything you're about to read really happen? I would like to believe so.

Once upon a time, in the sea, there lived a trout named Olivia. She was a beautiful rainbow trout much admired by all. And she knew it too.

Though Olivia was courted by many suitors her heart yearned for just one. He was a young handsome carp named Oscar who had stolen her heart one summer while she had vacationed with her father in a small stream in New Hampshire.

Olivia's father, Antonio, was a wealthy widower who had many rich and powerful friends who were also seeking the affections of his daughter.

Well, the thought of his beloved daughter with a carp broke Antonio's heart and filled his head with an intense pain.

"But father he's so cute!"

"Oh Olivia! He's a carp for gosh sakes!"

"But I love him!"

"How could you do this to me? What would your dead mother think? I forbid you to see him again!"

Antonio stormed off in anger.

"I hate him!" wailed Olivia and she stormed off in anger as well.

Meanwhile, Oscar Carp had family issues of his own. His mother, Gladys, was a hard working widow who cleaned sand castles for a living. She had always assumed that her boy would at least marry a fish of his own species.

Well the thought of her beloved son with a trout broke Gladys' heart and her head…… [Read More]

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Wanna Hear a Poem I Agree With Essay

Words: 307 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 29322193

Wanna Hear a Poem

I agree with you that Steve Coleman's piece "I Wanna Hear A Poem" would be an excellent choice of a first poem to study in an introductory poetry class, given the way that it frames all of the many weighty and sometimes contradictory expectations teachers and students bring to poetry. Questions which inevitably arise in a class when students begin to discuss poetry are: what is poetry? How is it different from prose? What purpose does poetry uniquely fill in the literary landscape? Coleman's ambitious demands for poetry, rendered as a long, searching, compelling drumbeat of a list highlight the 'specialness' we demand of the poetic format. Poetry must mean something that transcends the surface meaning of the poet's words. I also agree the poem is an excellent jumping-off point for discussing the various functions poetry has fulfilled in societies across the ages.

However, as well as…… [Read More]

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Farmers' Markets A History Farmers' Markets Are Essay

Words: 1685 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30720680

Farmers' markets: A history

Farmers' markets are often praised as the solution to many of our nation's food problems. "Farmers markets are an integral part of the urban/farm linkage and have continued to rise in popularity, mostly due to the growing consumer interest in obtaining fresh products directly from the farm" (Farmers Markets, 2012, USDA). Farmers' markets are defined as places were farmers can sell products directly to consumers. The products are believed to be more likely to be locally grown and the food sold there is viewed as having a lower carbon footprint regarding transportation. According to the USDA: "farmers markets allow consumers to have access to locally grown, farm fresh produce, enables farmers the opportunity to develop a personal relationship with their customers, and cultivate consumer loyalty with the farmers who grows the produce" (Farmers Markets, 2012, USDA). In an age in which so many people feel disconnected from the land and have no control over their food supply, the idea of being able to talk to the people who grew the products while touching and smelling it before they purchase it is profoundly attractive. Many farmers' markets also offer home-baked pies, preserves and other items that have long left the industrialized kitchens most people call home.

Consumers who enjoy farmers' markets have a more visceral experience of how crops are grown or how animals are raised so they can satisfy their concerns about the products' sustainability and health: whether it is organic, small-scale, free of genetically-modified organisms, and humanely-raised. "Milling around the farmers' market with like-minded foodies, buying fresh produce grown on nearby small farms, listening to local musicians play local songs, and supporting a variety of homegrown artisans certainly qualifies as an enriching community experience" beyond that of impersonal supermarket shopping (McWilliams 2009).

For many consumers, the bonds forged at farmers' markets are a more effective and reassuring relationship than simply reading a label which may contain vague phrases like 'cage-free' or 'vegetarian-raised.' Even commercial products which meet USDA standards of being organically raised may not necessarily be environmentally-friendly, in terms of the resources demanded to bring the product to the buyer's table. Farmers' markets offer the image of a more communal, local, and traditional connection between the consumer and the land. Once upon a time, there were no specific 'farmers' markets.' Roadside stands were the predominant means by which…… [Read More]

Etter, Lauren. (2010) Food for thought. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved at:

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Food as a Public Good and Obesity as an Externality Essay

Words: 1729 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 51126364

Health Public Good

Public Health as a Public Good

The United States has one of the lowest cost food options available to its consumers in the world. For an extended period, people assumed that this was a benefit of capitalism and that competition had helped push down the prices and made food available at lower costs through the market. However, many externalities have arisen in these circumstances that are now pointing researchers to question the consequences of having mass processed food available to consumers. The United States, as well as many other industrialized nations, currently has epidemic rates of obesity as well as the related obesity diseases such as heart disease and diabetes.

This trend is not restricted to just adult and the obesity rates among children have subsequently risen as well. This has made many instructions and activists compare the effects of poor diets and their health consequences to smoking cigarettes and the health consequences that result from inhaling tobacco smoke. If this comparison is reasonable, then many regulations may be relevant to the overconsumption of the types of foods that the fast food industry offers; especially regarding children. This analysis will consider the role of various stakeholders in the debate about what to do about the public health crisis that is unfolding in the United States.

Public Health

There are many different factors that can be attributed to the high rates of obesity that have developed in the United States. Americans have the lowest-cost food supply in the world and spend the lowest proportion of disposable income on food and until recently, no one has seriously questioned whether a low-cost food supply brought anything but benefits to the United States (Drewnoski and Darmon 270S). The low cost of foods produced in the U.S. are a result of greater production yields, higher efficiency rates, and in some cases there are massive farm subsidies paid to farmers from public funding that artificially drive the prices of certain food products down.

Two-thirds of U.S. adults are overweight or obese and in general, rates of overweight and obesity are higher for African-American and Hispanic women than Caucasian women, higher for Hispanic men than Caucasian and African-American…… [Read More]

Adams, R. "Fat is a financial issue: Litigation over obesity could consign Big Mac, large fries and bucket-sized." 27 December 2002. The Guardian. Web. 28 March 2013.

Benloulou, J. "Pelman v. McDonald's: An In-depth Case Study of a Fast Food -- Obesity Lawsuit." April 2005.
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Theory a Critical Discussion of Essay

Words: 4698 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 25858207

English for academic purposes approach focuses on the reader, too, not as a specific individual but as the representative of a discourse community, for example, a specific discipline or academia in general. The reader is an initiated expert who represents a faculty audience. This reader, particularly omniscient and all-powerful, is likely to be an abstract representation, a generalized construct, one reified from an examination of academic assignments and texts (Raimes, 1991).

Partnership Teaching is not just an extension of co-operative teaching. Co-operative teaching consists of a language support teacher and class teacher jointly planning a curriculum and teaching strategies which will take into account the learning needs of all pupils. The point is to adjust the learning situation in order to fit the pupils. Partnership Teaching is more than that. It builds on the notion of co-operative teaching by linking the work of two teachers with plans for curriculum improvement and staff development across the entire school (Davison, 2006).

During the 20 years most English-medium schools around the world have adopted some form of partnership or collaborative teaching in order to improve the incorporation of ESL/EAL students into the mainstream classroom and to develop more language-conscious approaches to teaching. In Australia, in response to state government policy and student need, a major push of the school ESL program is now being seen in support of team teaching in the mainstream classroom. In Canada there has been a long recognized tradition of collaborative teaching in regards to ESL. More and more of these joint models are also being widely endorsed in international schools around the world as well as in the tertiary segment. There are a small but rising number of in-service education proposals and research studies in this area, but most of this work has focused on methods and techniques to use in the classroom or on the analysis of the linguistic demands of the content areas. Only very recently has much attention been paid to researching the process of co-planning and co-teaching and to supporting and evaluating the development of partnership between ESL/EAL and content-area teachers (Davison, 2006).

Co-teaching is conventionally defined as the teamwork between general and special education (SPED) teachers for all of the teaching tasks of all…… [Read More]

Davison, Chris. (2006). Collaboration Between ESL and Content Teachers: How Do We Know

When We Are Doing It Right? International Journal of Bilingual Education & Bilingualism, 9(4), 454-475.
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Creating Effective Communications in a Essay

Words: 2098 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45842473

When instituting organizational change, emphasizing the need for that change is vital to increase the chance of acceptance of the new alterations in approach. It must be communicated that an organization cannot succeed in a global environment if it is not diverse. Multinational departments and a diversity of employees, with a wide range of skills and knowledge spheres make the organization more flexible and responsive. If employees are aware of this fact, they will be more accepting. Transmitting examples of intercultural success stories is particularly essential as an organization adjusts to its multinational status.

Conclusions: Improvements in the current environment

Diverse organizations are stronger, after the initial adjustment period, and also are able to more effectively communicate to a wide range of consumers, internationally. And common language of virtual communication may eventually be established, reducing the chances of offense in coming eras. The new global era of business has also erased many of what where considered intractable organizational differences between nations, such as the stubbornly corporate culture of Japan, in contrast to the more freewheeling and entrepreneurial environment of America. As organizations become more multinational in nature, the cross-pollination of ideas and attitudes across nations likewise increases.

Take, for example, Domino's pizza, which has entirely changed the culture of Japanese eating. Once upon a time, take-out pizza in Japan was unheard of, but by working with a Japanese entrepreneur, the company was able to effectively market in a culturally astute manner to that nation.

Any successful U.S. product has a better than good chance at being successful in Japan, if it's properly adapted to the market...quality in the fast-food industry in the United States usually is associated with taste and quantity. In Japan, however, the emphasis is on presentation, variety and service: "In the U.S., the saying is 'The Customer is King.' In Japan, it's 'The Customer is God.' God is higher than a king, and the level of service has to be that much better." This, along with other innovations like seasonal menus, upscale marketing and toppings adjusted to local tastes, has grown Domino's business in Japan…… [Read More]

Works Cited:
Berger, Bruce K. (2008). Employee/organizational communications. Institute for Public

Relations Online Journal. Retrieved on December 8, 2010 at http://www.instituteforpr.org/essential_knowledge/detail/employee_organizational_communications/
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Myths and Narratives My Great-Grandfather Was a Essay

Words: 1130 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59455540

Myths and Narratives

My great-grandfather was a school teacher in West Virginia. He taught in rural schools that were one-room school houses in what he called the "boondocks." He rode his horse between schools and parents of his students would put him up for the night. His storytelling, according to my father and grandfather, was so powerful that kids believed his myths even though he told them it was just a story. One of his stories (about how horses came into existence) has been told by other family members through the years. I will tell that story in this paper.

How Horses Came into Existence -- Summary

The story of how the horse came into existence involves a little boy, his dog, his family and a pail that holds water. Basically this story is about the family's need for water and the great distance family members had to travel to fetch water and bring it back to the little cabin. In this story it takes the little boy so long to walk to the river (several miles away) and carry the bucket back to the family cabin, he prayed to the Great Sky that he could have a way to bring more water faster and out of those sincere prayers came a miracle. His little dog turned into a horse, and he was able to bring water faster to his mother who needed it to cook the food.

The Moral / Lesson of This Story

Once upon a time, before there were cities and roads and cars, there was just open space and hills, and a few rivers, in West Virginia. The need to bring water fell into the hands of the little boy (named Munte), who was 9 years old but very strong and faithful to his family. He had the chore of bringing water because everyone else was busy. There was very little rain in West Virginia in those times so water was precious. The family ate rice, potatoes, beets and other vegetables when the sky gave enough rain to grow the crops, but when there was little or no rain the family got some rice and vegetables from a farmer forty miles away who traded his food for…… [Read More]

Mitchell, Helen J. (2004). Knowledge Sharing -- The Value of Story Telling. International Journal of Organizational Behavior, 9(5), 632-641.
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Digest Strategic Management a Condensed Essay

Words: 1075 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98664315


The ubiquity of online media has prompted the magazine to reduce its rate of print publications to 10 from 12 publications a year, and cut its print subscriptions in favor of digital advertising. This will also allow for greater segmentation, as it can more easily create "digital single topic editions, mobile applications, e-reader products and videos" of specific interest to segments of its core consumer base, and hopefully draw more advertisers who wish to target their publications online (Bell 2009). It can also feature general articles and condensed stories to suit the desire of readers still seeking the Reader's Digest compressed form that tells them 'everything they need to know.' Through the online website, searchers can select what stories interest them the most.

Industry environment (Porter's Five Forces)

Reader's Digest is currently in a medium with very low barriers to entry -- virtually anyone can start a blog about parenting or eating healthfully, and online condensed books already exist, through Project Guttenberg and Google Books. Reader's Digest claim to fame in was always its compression -- it still features politics and ideas articles in shortened format, although what makes this distinct vs. Time or the New York Times Magazine, or even USA Today is unclear. All of these publications are also available online, and the Times has struggled with creating a premium content site, in tribute to the difficulties of finding a profitable business model. Currently, Reader's Digest has no brand identity or core product that is uniquely its own its current incarnation. It must find a more solid consumer base and define a unique niche and service, in light of the wide access to new markets and wide of distribution of its other competitors.

Power of suppliers

As a print publication, Reader's Digest had to pay for the physical production of its works. In its new format, it is only at the mercy of its Internet content providers and the advertisers that support its website. Advertisers have great power determining content, but may shy away from supporting a magazine with an older demographic that is holding onto its shrinking retirement funds. Thus far, premium content sites have not thrived online, and given Reader's Digest's middle class, older demographic, a premium content site is unlike to draw a large following.

Power of buyers

Buyers also have considerable power in the…… [Read More]

Bell, Lauren. (2009). Reader's Digest pulls back print, focuses on digital. DM. (Direct

Marketing). Retrieved October 11, 2009 at http://www.dmnews.com/Readers-Digest-pulls-back-print-focuses-on-digital/article/138808/
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America Reinstitute a Draft Once Essay

Words: 1431 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 24388860

Of course, there are many other factors that contributed to Vietnam, but such a simplistic argument that drafts prevent or cause wars is similar to the equally logically fallacious argument used by people who wish to instate the peacetime draft.

Freedom from national compulsion, including compulsion to serve was one of the reasons our nation was founded. One of the causes of the war of 1812 was the forced conscription or impressment of American seamen into the British army -- but the British were not above impressing their own citizens, when needed, into military service, something the Americans abhorred. "The Napoleonic Wars increased English need for sea power and led to the impressment of a large number of deserters, criminals, and British subjects who had become naturalized Americans" ("Impressment," Columbia Encyclopedia, 2008). America was resistant to a professional federal force in general (hence the need for the amendments allowing semi-or nonprofessional state militias the right to bear arms and preventing the forced quartering of servicemen) because of the anger the British military abuses of freedom had aroused in the colonies. During the Civil War, when New York failed to meet its recruitment quotas, making it "subject to provisions of the Enrollment and Conscription Act passed by Congress on March 3, 1863," meaning "conscription was to be employed when enrollment targets were not met by a community," New York City rioted for three days straight in an "orgy of violence" ("1863 Draft Riots," Mr. Lincoln and New York, 2002).

Thus, a peacetime draft is not a part of a long tradition of America. Freedom to choose to serve, unless historical circumstances necessitate a mandatory draft, is part of the American tradition. A professional highly-trained army accustomed to the sophisticated technological equipment in use today, rather than individuals who serve for a paltry two years is likely to offer far more effective resistance to any threat. Democratic nations that do deploy an effective universal draft, like Israel, are, in the case of Israel, nations that are involved in what might be called an constant state of tensions or war with neighbors -- and fortunately the size of Israel relative to its enemies and its need to constantly be vigilant against military invasion is not, for all of the concern about terrorism, the current state of affairs in the contemporary United States.

The arguments raised in favor of the draft…… [Read More]

1863 Draft Riots." Mr. Lincoln and New York. Lincoln Institute. 2002. http://www.mrlincolnandnewyork.org/inside.asp?ID=91&subjectID=4

Background of Selective Service." About.com: U.S. Military History.  http://usmilitary.about.com/od/deploymentsconflicts/l/bldrafthistory.htm 
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Inward Morning Is a Philosophical Essay

Words: 987 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55322918

After all, once upon a time it was supposedly a scientific truth that the earth was the center of the universe. "Insular self-sufficiency" or the sense that one person's framework of knowledge and ideas is perfect and complete is a great danger, because things can always change (70). "Self-control," determining what are the "proper attitudes" to display and finding a sense of a firm ground for moral reason has been the focus of Western philosophy since the ancient Greeks, as if human experience could be calculated, and every moral problem anticipated (110-111).

Why are we as a culture so obsessed with hard, fast, and unalterable facts? Why has the need for a single standard of morality become an unquestioned truth, why must a code of morality be certain, rather than vary from situation to situation? Why not involve feelings as well as facts in determining morality?

This quest for certainty and objective reality shuts out the real truth, that we live in a wilderness, a wilderness of the "everyday" (76). The metaphor of the wilderness is one of the most striking aspects of Bugbee's book. Unlike Thoreau, whom Bugbee admires as one of the greatest American philosophers, Bugbee did not go searching for a real-life wilderness like Walden. He says instead the wilderness of necessary doubt is all around us, and we must experience every moment as new. "Let us not neglect to think of the ground being under our own feet; and let us no talk as if we placed the ground under our own feet. A ground which our feet do not discover is no ground" (111).

In other words, we do not create or discover the laws of nature. Instead we walk on the ground and learn from the ground. Also, just learning something by rote does not teach us. Think of how we learn about science. We are told the ground is a solid. But do we understand this until we feel the ground, hard and fast beneath our feet? No. Bugbee says that "neither objectivism nor subjectivism" is correct, what is right is "realism" (168). Of course, we cannot get up every morning and live in a state of pure subjectivism, not knowing who or what we might meet or do every single second of the day. But it is just as impossible to completely anticipate every possible twist and…… [Read More]

Greenwood Bugbee, Henry. The Inward Morning. Atlanta: University of Georgia Press,
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European Renaissance Represents a Rebirth Essay

Words: 3470 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89632125

The Donations of Constantine were in fact a fraud - a fact that could only have been revealed through the subjecting of the "original" document to unbiased evaluation. Yet Leonardo Bruni, much more than Valla, deserves the credit for shaping the modern idea of history. Advancing on the style and technique of such Classical authors as Herodotus and Thucydides, Bruni developed a more modern, and scientific approach to the subject. Though not all of his writings can be taken as shining exemplars of the new commitment to accuracy and truth, Bruni at his best, charted new territory for historical scholarship.

Bruni's monumental Historiarum Florentini Populi Libri XII (hereafter Historiae) is often singled out as an exemplary work, one that set the whole enterprise of history writing on a new plane.... Bruni destroys the legends surrounding the founding and early history of Florence, and then recasts the story on the basis of hard evidence.... Bruni's recourse to... classical rhetorical devices did not in itself preclude the application of critical categories.... Bruni's Historiae are best seen as a projection of the values championed by the city's emerging political elites. Bruni's critique of earlier versions of the Florentine past is thus not the product of a pure scholar seeking to reconstruct the past. It corresponds instead to a new ethos, one of whose chief characteristics was a detached, skeptical attitude towards consolidated traditions, both cultural and political.

Once the questioning begins it is difficult to stop. Renaissance scholars soon took the fledgling historical method in new directions.

Niccolo Machiavelli extended the discussion of the past to a discussion of the present. Machiavelli's the Prince was meant to serve as a model for the rulers of his own day. Broadening the scope of scientific investigation, Machiavelli saw history as akin to medicine.

Medicine and history resembled one another in that both stored up past experience for present practical purposes. In the preface to the Discourses, he noted that the basis of medicine was "nothing other than the experiments made by the ancient physicians, on which present physicians base their judgements," and deplored the failure of princes and republics to use ancient experience of government in the same way.

To most individuals of the New Millennium, there can be few disciplines that are more scientific than medicine. To…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Boehm, Christopher. Hierarchy in the Forest: The Evolution of Egalitarian Behavior. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999. http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=3474489
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Consumer Internet Commerce a Rhetorical Approach Essay

Words: 4073 Length: 15 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 41216100

complexities of doing business in our virtual age, looking in particular at e-commerce but also asking how the presence of e-commerce on the market has affected traditional businesses as well. Once upon a time - that golden age - things were simple. You decided you wanted to grow up to be a bookstore owner. Or a hardware store manager. Or a florist. So you leased a store, bought some books, and lovingly hand-sold them to each customer who flocked to your door and then went home at night to count your money.

Of course, owning a bookstore or a hardware store or a flower shop was actually never that simple. But the picture now is even more complicated as virtual stores have entered the picture. Part of what makes engaging in e-commerce so difficult is that there are no paths that others have trod before one. And the costs of making mistakes in the field can be substantial: A badly designed website can make all the difference not only for a single sale but for the entire future of a company. This dissertation examines the rhetoric if websites, arguing that creating a good website is possible for any business that takes care to attend to a set of fundamental rules of rhetoric.

This research thus examines one of the most important elements of e-commerce. We should thus perhaps begin with a definition of what e-commerce is, which is actually harder to do than one might think. While the lines between traditional (i.e. brick-and-mortar) businesses were fairly clear-cut at the beginning of the Internet revolution, they have been getting fuzzier and fuzzier ever since. For example, the Amish craftspeople working in Pennsylvania and Ohio, living modest and humble and God-centered lives, would seem to be about as far as it is possible to be removed from the dotcom world. But the Amish sell their products over the Internet, and do it professionally and efficiently. When you have the Amish entering into business that uses the electronic resources of our age and especially the Internet, then it is clear that there can no longer be traditional distinctions made between old-fashioned and up-to-the-minute…… [Read More]

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Virtual Time Capsule A Time Capsule a Essay

Words: 648 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62263102

virtual time capsule. A time capsule a grouping items future discovery. For purposes, imagine

Time Capsules

My daily life is based on routine and a deliberate forsaking of routine in which life can be lived. The routine -- brushing my teeth, cooking my food, praying when I awake -- serves to create the foundation for which I can operate at maximum capacity throughout the day. I believe that in terms of popular culture, 2012 is essentially the nadir of all the decades of popular culture that preceded it. Furthermore, I hope to provide a strong influence in the future in which I can change this, by producing works of popular culture that are truly worthy of the name. These works will be based in literature as well as in music.

Determining whether or not one should cheat on an examination issued in school is an example of a moral, decision making issue. Exams are supposed to provide accurate assessment of how much knowledge students have in a subject. By cheating on an exam, students are robbing themselves of the knowledge that will only edify themselves. However, cheating also produces good grades, which are responsible for producing happiness in people. Therefore, cheating on examinations is morally acceptable, since the result of doing so will create a greater good than a student sacrificing his time and worrying about studying to earn the same result.

Happiness is achievement. I came to this view after reading a couple of different definitions of happiness in a SAT passage. Happiness is not merely contentment, but a condition which is presaged by periods of unhappiness, of desire, of labor, which finally culminates in a profound sense of felicity once achievement has occurred. It really does not matter in what area one is able to achieve one's goals -- it could be the successful.

The film "Head in the Clouds" will go into the time capsule, for the simple fact…… [Read More]

Dumas, A. (1956). The Count of Monte Cristo. New York: Bantam Classic.

Ginsburg, A. (1955). "Howl." Poets.org. Retrieved from http://www.poets.org/viewmedia.php/prmMID/15308
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Holidays Are Always a Time Essay

Words: 1031 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 62689950

The idea that a holiday is supposed to be a day off from work seems to be lost after the hostess as been cooking a turkey since 5am, and relatives had to slog through hours of traffic or long lines at airport security. Why not just approach the table as any other meal, but with more family members, than try to assemble the perfect sage-stuffed, wine-paired Thanksgiving?

Of course, the other major holidays seem like a mere lead-up to Christmas and Chanukah. The masses are in a desperate frenzy while searching for the perfect gift. A hapless shopper finally falls into a tear-stained muddle at the cash register, as she buys a generic pair of slippers for her father, since she was unable to find a tennis racket from his favorite manufacturer. People, spurred on by the consumption encouraged by advertising buy gifts strangers, from the mailperson to their garbage man. The idea of shopping as a sales-driven 'sport' is reinforced by the creation of pseudo-holidays like 'Black Friday' or 'Cyber Monday' where the amount of people heading to the malls for discounts, or online to find great sales, has become a required cultural right of passage. How many Christmas gifts are really memorable? Maybe the longed-for bicycle (or iPod) for a child, but once someone gets a bit older, what is really remembered is the time spent with family, and the gifts are eventually packed away into the attic.

Every year, the holidays seem to grow a bit more hysterical in the buying and decorating encouraged by the media and in the build-up before the actual day. The day itself, after so much anticipation, almost invariably falls short. Also, perhaps because Americans are moving farther and farther away from their families, and losing a sense of family tradition, they seem more intent on looking at the media and culture to tell them how they should feel and celebrate a particular day. The result is neurotic perfectionism. One of the most enjoyable holiday experiences I had was celebrating the New Year with a Russian Orthodox friend of mine. The New Year is more important in the Russian Orthodox calendar and is a kind of combination…… [Read More]

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DJ There Was a Time Essay

Words: 2648 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 69144987

If you know a local or up and coming band play their work, try it out on the crowd and build a reputation for innovation. Local newspapers, show magazines, gig websites and current rapidly changing blogs are all great resources, beyond word of mouth and getting out there to listen to other artists work and play. ("The Dj Q & " 46) Word of mouth and local participation with other DJs can also be one of the most fundamental aspects of success in the business. There are also a growing number of trade conferences across the world, which provide vital links to people and places as well as great ideas and most importantly social and professional networking ops. ("CULTURE: Tables Are" 15) was just going to quit," she recalls. Now the seasoned DJ realizes that, up until that point, her skills had developed in isolation, and what she really needed was a community. She began finding exactly that at Washington's August 2002 Ladyfest, an all-out extravaganza of female-oriented music, art and activism. "I had no contact with girl DJs up until that moment," says Miss Passman, aka DJ Ladyplastik. Instead of giving up, she was going to get proactive. ("Moving Crowds and Shattering" D04)

Developing skills in "isolation" can only go so far. What might really be needed is camaraderie and fellowship with other like minded people, be they club goers or DJs.

Know You Venues

Booking gigs in your home town is the best way to get started and knowing these venues will likely be second nature to someone with a love for the scene but out of town bookings require research and skill to learn. Blogging with other DJjs who have played them is probably the best way to find out what is happening and what to expect. Additionally, it is essential to ask a lot of technical questions of the booking agent. Make sure you know what they have and what you need to bring. Don't ever misrepresent yourself, as technical troubles on gig night are not looked kindly upon, by the crowd or the venue and most importantly they appear unprofessional. If the venue employs professional sound staff, meet with them ahead of time so you and they know what to expect and how to help each…… [Read More]


Clubbing News; Van Dyk Takes World's Top Dj Title for Second Year." Daily Record (Glasgow, Scotland) 10 Nov. 2006: 46. Questia. 1 Mar. 2009 http://www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5017934782.