Thus, the authors introduce the second theme: the duality. Er-kishi is double. He aspires to a Godless existence and tries to topple God, thinking he is better than God, but he receives his punishment soon enough and is thrown into the depths of the earth. On the other hand, the authors are masterfully explaining the idea that the earth was the result of a revolt. In this myth, God is not perfect, he forgets, fears, needs a female creature in the water to remind him of his creative capabilities and offer him a solution to the loneliness he feared. In this myth, the earth originates from water, since is made from the dirt brought from the bottom of the water. It also involved God, the symbol of light, Er-Kishi the symbol of darkness and Ak-ana, the female creature who reminded God of her existence and thus of his creative power. The myth is also underlining the idea that nothing can exist outside God. God might be forgetful and fearful sometimes, he may create imperfect beings, but he is also the symbol of light and reunites good and evil.
Once the two daughters of Ay-Atam and Ay-Va fulfill their destiny and become one with Bozkurt, the creature from the highest peak of the Altai mountain, a deathless creature, they become the ancestors of the Altaic peoples.
Comparison of the Altaic Creation Myth with Popol Vuh
Popol Vuh, a series of mythologies of the ancient Maya, like the Altai Myths of creation, has cosmogony stories as well as stories related to the origin of the kingdom, the relationship between the kings and God etc. The creation myth in Popol Vuh introduces the divinity in the same setting: waters. but, unlike in the Altaic Myth of Creation, the God is not one, but there are several Gods and they are not flying above waters, but they are in the water. These gods will also create men, after a few unsuccessful attempts. The similarity between the to creation myths consists in the fact that in Popol Vuh, the creation of the first people is also associated with the darkness. but, they will be directly the ancestors of the first Maya tribes.
The two creation series contain a part about the genealogy of the people who originated them. The Altaic, respectively the Mayan tribes are presented as the result of a successful attempt to create humans, that followed other unsuccessful divine creation acts. The difference between the two is that in the case of the Quiche Maya, the first successful humans are created by the gods in a repetitive manner and as a consecutive trial act. The fact they this time the gods succeeded to make people who will be worth of their protection appears to be the result of a random act. On the other hand, in the case of the Altaic creation myth, the first tribes who will live with God in mind and will thus be worthy are the result of a union between two human beings and a deathless thus divine creature. The daughters of the man who had divine revelations and chose to leave the Godless world he came to live in become stars in an act of becoming reunited with the primordial matter.
The two creation series are sharing another common feature that is also shared by the creation myths of other religions: the role plaid by the word in the creation process. Ak-ana, the female creation of God Kara-han tells him: "Create, Create, Create!." The gods in the Mayan myth are also using the word as the generator of human life: "And the Forefathers, the Creators and Makers, who were called Tepeu and Gucumatz said: "The time of dawn has come, let the work be finished, and let those who are to nourish and sustain us appear, the noble sons, the civilized vassals; let man appear, humanity, on the face of the earth." Thus they spoke" (the Popol Vuh).
The creation myths of various peoples, like the two presented above, attempted to describe the origins of the cosmos, of the earth and the humanity as well as the genealogy of a particular people and the relationship between those who led these particular people and God or the Gods, depending on the religion. There are features such as themes, motifs and symbols that transcend religions and can be traced in many creation myths across the globe and features that differentiate one religion from another as well as one people from another.
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