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Migration in the UK
Evaluate claim migration positively valued UK-essay Sources:Chapter 4 main source information material Chapter 5 Exploring Social Lives, Milton Keynes, Tne Open University. Illustrate support arguments..
Migration is the process by which humans move physically from one location to another, in order to stay there permanently or semi-permanently. There is voluntary migration where an individual moves at their own will within their own region, country or overseas. Involuntary migration includes human trafficking where humans are taken to other countries to work without the right papers for migration, and against their own will. Slave trade and ethnic cleansing are also part of the involuntary migration. Migration may be intercontinental where people move from one continent to another; intercontinental is where people move from one country to another, within the same continent. Interregional migration is where people from one country to another within the same region and rural to…
GORDON, I. 1995. Migration in a Segmented Labour Market. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 20, 139-155.
LACZKO, F. 2002. New Directions for Migration Policy in Europe. Philosophical Transactions: Biological Sciences, 357, 599-608.
MOSER, C.A. & BEESLEY, I.B. 1973. United Kingdom Official Statistics and the European Communities. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series A (General), 136, 539-582.
OPEN UNIVERSITY WORLDWIDE 2010. Exploring Social Lives, Milton Keynes, Open University Worldwide.
However, eventually people stopped paying much attention to the color of the threat level for that day, and the news media stopped talking about it. Now, it is not discussed at all. Was it effective? Perhaps as a short-term measure, but certainly not as a long-term solution. The government argues that the American people are much safer today, because there have been no more terrorist attacks. However, correlation does not prove causation. The fact that there have been no more attacks up to this point does not necessarily prove that the United States is actually safer. It simply proves there have not been more attacks, for whatever reason.
September 11th certainly remains etched in the minds of the American people. Often so much so that they are untrusting of people who are "not like them." An immigrant from the Middle East may have a difficult time in the United States…
Balin, Bryan. State Immigration Legislation and Immigrant Flows: An Analysis Johns Hopkins University, 2008.
Bauder, Harald. Labor Movement: How Migration Regulates Labor Markets, New York: Oxford University Press, 2006.
De La Torre, Miguel a., Trails of Hope and Terror: Testimonies on Immigration. Maryknoll, NY: Orbis Press, 2009.
Esbenshade, Jill. Division and Dislocation: Regulating Immigration through Local Housing Ordinances. Immigration Policy Center, American Immigration Law Foundation, Summer 2007.
(Dressler, 2010, paraphrased) Emulation is held in the work of Oltmans and Kol to be "more cost-effective for preserving large collections, despite the relatively high initial cots for developing an emulation device." (Dressler, 2010, p.1)
Emulation is contrasted to migration in that migration is applicable to all the objects in a collection respectively, creating high ongoing costs" whereas emulation chaining for the future is likely to detract from this. Emulation can be implemented "at a higher level than the migration approach" therefore, instead of the development of conversion solutions per format "institutions can develop emulation solutions per environment." (Dressler, 2010, p.1) Emulation has not been used widely in preserving over the long-term and there is a need for tests of practicality prior to conclusions being made about the reliability of emulation. Additionally, as noted by Dressler (2010) the selection of emulation strategy ultimately requires "buying into a migration strategy because…
An Introduction to Digital Preservation (2010) JISC Digital Preservation. Retrieved from: http://www.jiscdigitalmedia.ac.uk/guide/an-introduction-to-digital-preservation
Continued Access to Authentic Digital Asses (2013) Digital Preservation Briefing Paper. JISC. Retrieved from: http://www.jisc.ac.uk/publications/briefingpapers/2006/pub_digipreservationbp.aspx
Digital Preservation Costs -- Migration vs. Emulation (2005) Free Government Information (FGI) Retrieved from: http://freegovinfo.info/node/50
Granger, S. (2000) Emulation as a Digital Preservation Strategy. D-Lib Magazine Vol. 6 No. 10, Oct 2000. Retrieved from: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/october00/granger/10granger.html
According to Schiller this unequal regulation of migration may have a great deal to do with the strength or weakness of transnational networks. The author explains that in most cases people have strong bonds to their homeland and send a portion of their wages back to relatives that are still in their home countries. In addition immigrants from certain countries in Europe such as Italy have strong support systems and communities in countries such as America when and if they choose to immigrate. In addition, the governments of these countries have good relationships which allows for more relaxed regulations as it pertains to migration and immigration. This support system exist because people have been coming to America from certain countries for centuries as such the support systems for those who migrate from these countries is strong.
Why does Castles and Miller argue that the migration of people the least regulated…
Castles, Stephen and Mark Miller. Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. Palgrave 2003
Cohen, Robin. Global Diasporas: An Introduction. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1997
Massey, Douglass. Why Does Immigration Occur?. Handbook of International Migration. Charles Hirschman ed. 1999
Shiller, Nina. Transmigrants and Nation-States: Something Old and Something New in the U.S. Immigrant Experience. Handbook of International Migration. Charles Hirschman ed. 1999
Migration - UK
The history of humanity is also the history of migration, according to professor Harzig and colleagues. The original Homo sapiens migrated out of East Africa and spread slowly across the world (Harzig, 2009, 8). Essentially, migration is the cross-border activity that individuals carry out in order to relocate for a number of potential purposes. The five basic aspects of migration are as follows: a) migration "within a cultural group" that seeks different geographic locations for purposes as varied as hunting or marriage; b) migration of "segments of a cultural group into new, unsettled areas" is called "outbound branching" or "filiation migration"; c) "colonization migration" involves moving into already settled areas to "establish rule over the peoples" that are already there (think conquest); d) "whole-community migration" is that dynamic when a group's survival is being threatened or "neighbors [are] becoming destructive" and it is time to move; and…
Balch, Alex. 2009. 'Labour and Epistemic Communities: The Case of 'Managed Migration' in the UK. The British Journal of Politics and International Relations, vol. 11, 613-633.
British Broadcast Company. 2010. 'UK's ethnic minority numbers to rise to 20% by 2051', Retrieved December 25, 2011, from http://www.bbc.co.uk .
Castles, Stephen, and Davidson, Alastair. 2000. Citizenship and Migration: Globalization and the Politics of Belonging. Psychology Press: London, UK.
Census. 2011. Census refusers face up to 1,000 (pounds) fine. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved December 24, 2011, from http://www.census.gov.uk .
Migration Habits of Humans
Migration is as common a biological factor as exists in the world. Birds are known to migrate over thousands of miles, sometimes even over open ocean, to get back to prime nesting sites. Possibly the longest migration occurs when the leatherback sea turtle migrates from the southern coasts of South America to the frigid northern waters of the Asian Bering Strait. These biological migrations occur yearly, but humans are much more circumspect in their migrations.
Humans used to migrate with their various food sources, to reach warmer temperatures or just to leave behind a land that had become unlivable. People still migrate for these reasons. Because people are able to stay in the same place more readily now, movement more guarded now than it once was. That is why the question is often asked by governments and researchers, "hy do people migrate?" This question along with…
Grandstaff, Peter J. Interregional Migration in the U.S.S.R. Durham, NC: Duke
University Press, 1980. Print.
Indra, Doreen Marie. Engendering Forced Migration: Theory and Practice. New York:
Berghahn Books, 1999. Print.
Migration and Trade in the Kingdom of Israel
Israel is first noted for its success and trade in the first two centuries of the Iron Age II (the reign of the Kings famously starting with olomon) when its population expanded and disseminated with amaria as its capital. It was during these years, too, that the country, although divided into rwo kingdoms, generally banded together in caring for its civic needs and were interdependent on each other in defending themselves from outsiders.
ome of the nations that the Israelites traded with included the Phoenicians, Assyrians, and Egyptians and yet, despite their migration and encounter with other nations, the Israelites became more interdependent one on the other leaning together rather than falling apart.
Their interdependence was all the more closely seen during the conspicuous time of King olomon when the country received a reputation for its habit of cohesion and pattern of…
Johnson, P. A History of the Jews, UK: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996
Treadgold, W. A history of the Byzantine state and society. Stanford: Stanford niv. Press, 1997
Wilson, PH. The Holy Roman Empire, 1495-1806, MacMIllan Press, 1999.
Migration in the UK is something that has many different meanings and that has been addressed in a number of different ways throughout the years. The question here is whether migration is valued by people in the UK, or whether there is a problem with people who are considered to be migrants. Often, the feelings about migrants in the UK depend on the way they understand the term (Bromley, et al., 2010). If someone migrates from one town or city to another, that is no problem. People move all the time. However, people who are coming to the UK from other countries are looked upon differently. Out of those people, it also depends on the country from which they came as to whether they are accepted or not accepted. Essentially, most people are migrants if one traces their family tree. The majority of people had ancestors who migrated from where…
Bromley, S., Clarke, J., Hinchliffe, S., & Taylor, S. (2010). Exploring social Lives. New York, NY: Open University Worldwide.
Rather than opening her arms to all those who yearn to breathe free, the main reason that Rosa and Enrique come to America, America more often than not proves to be a dead-end street.
A particular effective use of point-of-view in the film regarding America is manifest in how America is first seen by the main characters. America is not a place of beauty but the tunnel the brother and sister must crawl through get across the border. The tunnel is crawling with rats and Enrique and Rosa must crawl like rates to escape. They are reduced, rather than elevated by their quest to be in America. They scuttle in fear, just as their migration began with a love for America, but fear after government troops attack, as Rosa her brother are forced to flee north, away from their beloved homeland. hen they emerge from the tunnel, Los Angeles looks…
El Norte." Directed by Gregory Nava. 1983.
America eventually discovered that the tongs were a very organized criminal organization that held a tyrannical hold over the Chinese population.
Despite a once-conspicuous presence in the estern United States, little is known demographically about the Chinese in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the United States. The widely accepted model of a declining male "sojourner society," beset by draconian restrictions on immigration and the impossibility of family formation, is seemingly contradicted by the continuous economic vitality of urban Chinatowns in the United States." (Chew and Liu) the 1930's and 1940's saw a large inner migration with in the United States as young and educated Chinese left the 'Chinatowns' to pursue work in mainstream America.
America was preparing for war which also led to many Chinese being accepted in the defense industry. "These domestic and international developments led Chinese in America to decide that America was home for…
Him, Mark Lai. "Retention of the Chinese Heritage, Part II." Chinese America: History and Perspectives (2001).
Chew, Kenneth SY, and John M. Liu. "Hidden in Plain Sight: Global Labor Force Exchange in the Chinese-American Population, 1880-1940." Population and Development Review Vol. 30 (2004).
Ling, Huping. Surviving on the Gold Mountain: A History of Chinese-American Women and Their Lives. Albany: State U. Of New York P, 1998.
"Merchants who carried slaves had a strong interest in packing as many slaves as possible into their ships, and this practice contributed substantially to making the trip both uncomfortable and dangerous." Accordingly, it was common practice to select the healthiest and most physically fit persons to make the voyage; this precluded the selection of too old, too young, or those suffering from any obvious disabilities. It is also important to note that the lands raided by these slave merchants were relatively poor and weak -- they had no military or political means to prevent their people from being sold into slavery. Mostly, these were tribal communities, spanning a wide variety religious beliefs and cultural practices. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries most slaves from Africa possessed no knowledge of western society and were haphazardly assimilated into the American slave culture once they arrived.
The Eastern Europeans, on the other hand,…
Benjamin, Thomas et al., eds. 2001. The Atlantic World in the Age of Empire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
Chambers, Catherine. 1996. The History of Emigration from Africa. New York: Franklin Watts.
Horrell, Sarah. 1998. The History of Emigration from Eastern Europe. New York: Franklin Watts.
Chambers, Catherine. 1996. The History of Emigration from Africa. New York: Franklin Watts. (Page 10).
Migration of European Groups to America
Describe the motives that prompted various European groups to migrate to America.
Migration today is as commonplace as ever. Globalization and the conception of the global village alongside the creation of free trade areas and regional blocs have made it a ubiquitous phenomenon that is taken for granted. The world today cannot be imagined without immigrants. However this was not the case in the early 19th century where travel was difficult and there were limited means of transportation.
There were various reasons why European groups migrated to America and these varied with the time period. In the early 19th century to its middle, people from the United Kingdom went to the U.S. In small family groups. However when the famine hit, the years 1845-1853 saw a mass exodus where people were running away from hunger and poverty.
Among the Scottish groups were highlanders, belonging…
Abramitzky, R., & Braggion, F. (2006). Migration and Human Capital: Self-Selection of Indentured Servants to the Americas . Journal of Economic History, 44 (6), 882 -- 905.
Schrover, D.M. (2008, May 5). The Migration to North America. Retrieved December 2011, 17, from Leiden University: http://www.let.leidenuniv.nl/history/migration/chapter52.html
C. (1991). he new convention from the perspective of a country of employment: he U.S. Case. IMR 25(4).
Helton (1991) shows how the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of heir Families intersects with existing American immigration, labor, and civil rights law. In short, the United States has not become party to the Convention. he author argues that the Convention would significantly improve the legal protections offered to migrant workers: undocumented or not. However, American domestic legislation must also change in order to enforce the humanitarian protections offered by the Convention.
he most vulnerable migrant worker group is obviously those who have no citizenship or permanent resident status in the United States. Undocumented workers are therefore paralyzed when it comes to exercising their rights, or may be unaware that those rights exist in the first place. For example, an undocumented worker who…
The most vulnerable migrant worker group is obviously those who have no citizenship or permanent resident status in the United States. Undocumented workers are therefore paralyzed when it comes to exercising their rights, or may be unaware that those rights exist in the first place. For example, an undocumented worker who wants to make a claim of employee abuse, sexual harassment, or poor working conditions might be threatened by the employer. The employer could report the undocumented worker and have him/her and the entire family deported. The rights of the individual in this case are usurped, and the Convention attempts to rectify that situation.
However, American law is slow to change. Although the United States does offer some protection to all human beings as a matter of course, domestic labor, civil rights, and immigration law exclude certain parties on the basis of their immigration or labor status.
The Helton (1991) article raises several questions that are highly relevant given the recent political debate over "illegal immigration." How clear are the rights of the individual in the United States? To what extent do migrant workers willingly sacrifice their rights by violating American immigration law? Should the violation of American immigration law automatically exclude an individual from access to legal protection or social services? Should American law trump international human rights doctrine or vice-versa?
Ongoing strategies to modernize and update information architectures that are proving most successful are those that can present immediate and tangible differences to those empowered to make decisions in this regard -- many of whom are often not well acquainted with the capabilities and demands of the information architecture, and so are not especially well equipped to actually make these decisions -- and a move to wireless-based architectures can be the iceberg tip that convinces these individuals to migrate information.
The case for migrating information away from legacy systems and outdated information architectures is quite strong, but it is not supported in current literature in a way that appears convincing to a large number of information system decision makers. Changing this requires a direct approach that demonstrates the tangible improvements in information systems designed for current needs and technologies. This will also tend to present long-term cost savings and…
Fisher, I. & Bradford, M. (2005). New York State Agencies: A Case Study for Analyzing the Process of Legacy System Migration: Part I. Journal of Information Systems 19(2): 173-89.
NASCIO. (2008). Digital States at Risk! Modernizing Legacy Systems. National Association of State Chief Information Officers.
Pattinson, M. & Anderson, G. (2007). How well are information risks being communicated to your computer end-users? Information Management & Computer Security. 15(5): 362.
Singla, a. & Goyal, D. (2006). Managing risk factors in ERP implementation and design: an empirical investigation of the Indian industry. Journal of Advances in Management Research 3(1): 59-67.
migration, settlement, and acculturation on diverse health behaviors and health outcomes influence sexual health, particularly HIV / AIDS, has remained unstudied as well as the West Indian group. Greater understanding is needed in how migration and acculturation may shape sexual risk and protection among the West Indian immigrants.
Hoffman, S. et al., (2011), Contexts of risk and networks of protection: NYC West Indian immigrants' perceptions of migration and vulnerability to sexually transmitted diseases, Culture, Health, and Sexuality: An International Journal for Research, Intervention, and Cure, 13(5): 513-528, retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3407273/pdf/nihms-290674.pdf.
Kind of Research
Descriptive data structured from open ended interviews with mixed quantitative and qualitative methods.
To contribute to building a testable theory of sexual risks among West Indian immigrants and, more generally, to development of theory around migration and sexual health.
Case study, naturalistic observation, survey in a mixed method.
Participants were 20 men and 36…
Pyong Min's Mass Migration to the United States reviews the vast influx of people from Mexico, Latin America, Asia, Russia and the aribbean into the United States that has occurred since 1965. The book is a compilation of chapters written by different authors addressing different aspects of this new immigration. These chapters both discuss general issues related to immigration and the concerns of specific ethnicities and cultures that have immigrated. Such topics address the difference between this wave of immigrants and the last, anti-immigration sentiments, and the immigration of Jews and Asians. Particular attention is paid to the difference between the immigration period that began in 1880 and ended in 1930, and that which started in 1965 and continues today.
In chapter 1, harles Jaret explores nativist sentiments that have accompanied the respective waves of immigration. He addresses both the concerns that immigrants will dilute the American way of life…
Chapter eight, by Steven Gold, deals with the difference in Jewish migration between the two immigration periods. He is first to note the obvious similarities: many Jews now, as before, come from Russia. Interestingly, he doesn't mention Ukraine, and as the Nazis killed most Jews in the Baltic region, referring to new Jewish immigrants as being from the "former Soviet Union" isn't specific enough. The article mostly focuses on the family structures of immigrant Jews now vs. At the turn of the century. One point that he seems to mischaracterize is the intra-Jewish conflict between German and Russian Jews that has largely been abandoned by the Jewish community. He portrays the German Jews as having helped out their Eastern neighbors, when in fact many disassociated themselves from the newcomers.
The final chapter compares pre and post-1965 Asian immigrant businesses. Here he notes the climb that Asian immigrants made into the middle class. He contrasts Japanese immigrants from the 30's, who were mostly rural peasants and blue collar, with those today, who come from middle class backgrounds as the Koreans do. He describes them as merging with American culture to a greater extent.
All of the essays in the book tend to address immigration exclusively in the context of civil liberties. This presents a poor picture of immigration, as immigration as a right has little basis for appreciation outside libertarian circles. The book also fails to note the waves of immigration from Spanish-speaking countries and the interplay between these cultures. His chapters focus on what we might call 'middle class' immigrants: Asians and Jews, while failing to adequately portray the nature of Latin American, Dominican, and Mexican immigrants. Many differences exist, both culturally and economically, between these ethnicities. The book also fails to review the role of immigrants in the American Southwest. Although the book didn't address the Middle East and concerns about immigration and terrorism, this can be attributed to how recent this became a national issue. However, terrorism and immigration can be seen in a historical context: he could contrast 9/11 and the prior World Trade Center attack with the Haymarket Square riots, Sacco and Vanzetti, Emma Goldman and her New York-based anarchists. Despite these points, the book was well-compiled and provided a good picture of differences in immigration trends.
Scenario: Tony's Chips has recently been sold to a new independent company. The new company has hired you to manage a project that will move the old Website from an externally hosted solution to an internal one. The company's leadership is very concerned about redundancy for their site, insisting that a back-up site be available as a failover in case the main site goes down. In addition, they want the site redesigned to allow customers to order products online. As part of your job, you must complete a 11-page paper that follows this project through the system development life cycle (SDLC). This assignment will require you to do ALL of the following: Discuss what it will take to build a Web architecture, move an existing Website with minimal downtime, and provide a disaster recovery solution to ensure the site is always available. The Web architecture should describe and…
Buckley, p. (2013) Website Migration Checklist. (2013) Virante Organization. 12 Feb 2013. Retrieved from: http://www.virante.org/blog/2013/02/12/website-migration-checklist/
Smartsheet Gannt Chart Web Migration Developer (2013) Retrieved from: https://www.smartsheet.com/b/home
Zinstall (2013) Retrieved from: https://www.google.com/search?q=zinstall+screenshots&newwindow=1&safe=off&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=sD6_UZ2nL6H5ygH444DYAQ&ved=0CAkQ_AUoAQ&biw=1024&bih=653#facrc=_&imgrc=KnUdq-UKlOBHNM%3A%3B0_do_ZMBdBldEM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zinstall.com%252Fsto%252Fimages%252Fzinstall_migration_infographic_xp7.png%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.zinstall.com%252Fproducts%252Fzinstall-xp7%3B662%3B795
78) adds that the international migration of people is not a new dynamic at all; in fact migrations were "a significant phenomenon in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries." In the U.S. during the era 1901-1920 the number of immigrants admitted "exceeded that of the twenty-year period" that began in 1981, Ruccio continues, and those numbers from 1901-1920 are far greater than any numbers of immigrants in the later half of the 20th Century (p. 78).
Another author weighing in on globalization and immigration is June Edmunds; she chides those who believed that the "free circulation of goods, services and capital" associated with globalization would limit the inclination of many people to migrate (Edmunds, 2006, p. 556). But in fact, Edmunds writes, the movement of commodities appears to promote "rather than stem" the movement of people. In fact, according to Edmunds, there is so much immigration into Europe, for…
Cruz, Gemma Tulud. "Between Identity and Security: Theological Implications of Migration in the Context of Globalization." Theological Studies Vol. 69 (2008): 357-375.
Edmunds, June. "Migration Studies: New Directions?" Ethnicities 6.4 (2006): 555-564.
Ruccio, David. "Globalization and Imperialism." Rethinking Marxism 15(1) (2003): 75-94.
Velasco, Pura. "Filipino Migrant Workers Amidst Globalization." Canadian Women
In this contemporary world of ours, transnational movements have become farther, quicker, unproblematic, simpler and more frequent phenomena than ever. The terms "place" and "home" have now been converted into apprehensive, time and uncertain dogmas (Warshall).
It has been witnessed in the last several decades that a colossal number of people have moved to other nations as a consequence of fiscal and political transformations or social turmoil in their motherlands. Some of them have been dislocated due to the wars but most of them have been the victims of the economic reforms. In the recent years, this trend of transnational migration has raised due to the recession that has economically affected the people worldwide. People decide to migrate trans-nationally due to the financial problems they face. This decision of moving to another nation is also being catalyzed by the economic recession that exacerbates their living conditions…
Kaneff, D., and Pine. F. "Emerging Inequalities in Europe: Poverty and Transnational Migration."Global Connections and Emerging Inequalities in Europe. London: Anthem Press, 2011. 1-2. Web. 21 March 2012. .
Taylor, R. "Hardship at Home, Hardship Abroad the Migration 'System' Doesn't Work." UN Chronicle Mar.-May 2003: 55+.Questia. Web. 29 Mar. 2012. .
Warshall, Peter. "Human Flow: Global Migrations." Whole Earth Summer 2002: 39+. Questia. Web. 21 March 2012. .
Family's Migration History
Uncovering and documenting family's migration history
United States of America is a land of heterogeneous collection of people with various ethnic, lingual, cultural, traditional and religious backgrounds. The formation of this spectacular diversity dates back to several centuries when people from all around the world started to migrate and settled down in the U.S. For various reasons such as getting better jobs, attaining quality education, enjoying improved lifestyle and so forth. History depicts that America has received numerous immigrants over past several years and this trend has come under continuance until present time.
My family did not migrate to the U.S. however; I came here independently seven years ago on the student status from China. I was completely unfamiliar with the educational and cultural norms and systems of America; therefore, with an objective to learn the standards and get adapted to the society I joined a student…
Liu, Jun. Asian Students' Classroom Communication Patterns in U.S. Universities: An Emic Perspective. Westport, CT. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001. pp. 6-8.
Modernity and Migration
Modernity in Manhattan
New York City has been the setting, backdrop, and focus of a substantive corpus of films, few of which showcase it as favorably as Manhattan. There are many subplots in the film Manhattan, and one belongs solely to the city itself. The film is an ode to New York City, irresistible even if one is not a fan of urban spaces. In the opening scenes, Woody Allen's voice-over describes New York City from five different perspectives, each of which he rejects until he captures the milieu to his satisfaction -- and to the audiences. The Manhattan that Allen introduces to the audience is exciting, beautiful, romantic, multidimensional, and set in black and white against the rhapsodic melodies of George Gershwin. The New York aesthetic is conveyed through affectionate photography that brings the audience along on a tour of the cultural centers, familiar highlights, and…
Berman, M. (2007). Introduction: New York calling. In Marshall Berman and Brian Berger (Ed.), New York Calling: From Blackout to Bloomberg. London, UK: Reaktion Books.
Hoberman, J. (2000, July 3). Defending Manhattan. The Village Voice.
Palmer, Myles (1980). Woody Allen. Glenside, PA: Proteus.
Phillips, A. (1994). On Flirtation. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Most readers of Children of Global Migration will be familiar with the main themes of Parreñas’s (2005) book. However, Parreñas offers unique insight into the intersection of gender and economic policy as well as gender and immigration policies. Population migration is not a new issue by any means, but the patterns of global migration continue to change as labor markets change. The situation with Philippine domestic workers is unique because many women leave their own children to take care of an employer’s children, while her husband hires a woman from a lower socio-economic rank to perform the gendered duties of housekeeping and childrearing. Gender roles are strict and immutable enough in the Philippines to prevent most men from simply assuming household or childrearing duties, even if the family could save money by doing so. When the mother is working abroad taking care of the employer’s children, her relationship with her…
Das Gupta, T. (2015) Gulf Husbands and Canadian Wives: Transnationalism from Below among South Asians – A Classed, Gendered, and Racialized Phenomenon in Engendering transnational voices : studies in family, work, and identity
Parreñas, R.S. (2005). Children of Global Migration: Transnational Families and Gendered Woes. Stanford: University of Stanford Press.
S. can provide them with better opportunities, such as high labor wage, that their previous or original country cannot provide them. Studying such activity of migration, both the push and pull factors are easy to determine. This is because the reasons in both factors act together, in that the push factors are contrasting forces of the pull factors that make people decide to leave their country and transfer to another. For instance, the push factor of a low labor wage is a contrast of the pull factor high labor wage.
In U.S. migration, the overriding force perhaps is the search for greener pastures. That is, people find the U.S. As the country where they can easily achieve their dreams because if compared to the homeland of migrating people, the U.S. presents them with better opportunities.
Population migration is nothing new, but is happening now to an unprecedented degree, with untold numbers of migrants shifting around the globe not because they want to, but often because they must. While not all patterns of migration can be considered problematic, Catholic Social Teaching (CST) focuses on and addresses the patterns that are in order to alleviate suffering and promote more humanitarian policies and programs. CST challenges the underlying social, political, and economic structures that impact migration and attitudes towards migrants. Viewed through the lens of CST, some of the prevailing political attitudes can be clarified and resolved.
The crux of CST is social justice and human rights. As Groody & Cross (2014) point out, there are several CST themes relevant to migration including the right to stay in one’s homeland as well as the right to move when conditions demand it. Moreover, CST recognizes the emergence of a…
Migration and Crime
Immigration is one of the major issues that attracted significant attention in the United States, especially because of the increase in security concerns in the country and throughout the world. The significance of this issue is demonstrated in the role immigration policies played in the recent presidential campaigns. Additionally, international migration has found its way to the forefront of security policies, agendas and issues in the United States. As the number of immigrants to the United States has increased rapidly in recent years, the perception of immigration as a security threat has also developed. Apart from attracting concerns from policymakers, the relationship between migration and crime has also been the subject of news publications and opinion pieces. For instance, ick Gladstone recently published an opinion piece in the New York Times to demonstrate that there is no link between migration and crime in the United States.
Bump, P. (2015, July 2). Surprise! Donald Trump is Wrong About Immigrants and Crime. The Washington Post. Retrieved December 8, 2016, from https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/the-fix/wp/2015/07/02/surprise-donald-trump-is-wrong-about-immigrants-and-crime/?utm_term=.a5457a5d3e3f
Curry et al. (2012, April). The Growing Human Rights Crisis along Washington's Northern Border. Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.weareoneamerica.org/northern-border
Gladstone, R. (2016, January 13). Research Doesn't Back a Link Between Migrants and Crime in U.S. The New York Times. Retrieved December 8, 2016, from http://www.nytimes.com/2016/01/14/world/europe/research-doesnt-back-a-link-between-migrants-and-crime-in-us.html?_r=0
Morawetz, N. & Das, A. (2009). Legal Issues in Local Police Enforcement of Federal Immigration Law. In The role of local police: striking a balance between immigration enforcement and civil liberties. (Washington, DC: Police Foundation, pp.69-90).
So one can create a theory about migrations and that is that one migratory move by a nomadic tribe can and usually does have a ripple effect on other peoples and tribes. And in the case described above, the Huns migrating nomadically westward set off a chain reaction that led to the downfall of the Roman Empire.
The third example of nomadic migrations is the expansion of the Muslims into Europe. By the year 711, according to McKay's book, the Arab (Muslim) forces in Spain defeated the Visigothic army. The Muslims had crossed the isthmus from Africa into Europe and by 719, they had migrated into Franks Kingdom, which is where Germany is today.
Eventually the Muslims were pushed back to Spain, south of what is now the border between France and Spain, but why did the Islamic forces move from their controlling land on the Arabic Peninsula all the…
(Council of Europe, 2001 This report relates that in the "Implementation of the Provisions of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Part II, Section I and Article 3 it is stated: (1) Every person belonging to national minorities shall have the right freely to choose to be treated as such and no disadvantage shall result from this choice or from the exercise of the rights, which are connected to that choice; and (2) the persons belonging to national minorities may exercise the rights and enjoy the freedoms flowing from the principles enshrined in the present framework Convention individually as well as in community with others. (Council of Europe, 2001) Additionally reported is that Albanians "have historically claimed distinction for understanding and tolerance towards national minority members, a fact which has determined the exemplary coexistence between them and religious communities." (Council of Europe, 2001) Toward this end, Albania…
Implementation of the Provisions of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities: Part II, Section I and Article 3 (2001) Council of Europe. 26 Jul 2001. http://www.humanrights.coe.int/Minorities/Eng/FrameworkConvention/StateReports/2001/albania/Albania.htm. Onlineavailable at:
Report on Albania: ECRI's country-by-country Approach (1999) European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance. Strasbourg 9 Nov 1999. Council of Europe. Online available at http://www.coe.int/t/e/human_rights/ecri/5-Archives/1-ECRI 's_work/1-Country_by_country/CBC1-Albania.pdf
Vullnetari, Julie (2007) Albanian Migration and Development: State of the Art Review. IMISCOE Working Paper 18. September 2007. Online available at http://www.imiscoe.org/publications/workingpapers/documents/Albanianmigration.pdf
ongaarts (2004) reports that since 1950 the median age in North America, Europe Japan and the rest of the developed world has increased from 29 years to 37 years. In addition by 2050 the median age is expected to increase to 45 years old. However in the developing world, including North America and Africa, the median age is 24 years. Although the median age is lower in the developing world these nations are also experiencing declines in both mortality and fertility rates will increase the median age to 36 by 2050. These facts concerning median age in societies around the world are important to understand because they dictate the public policy decisions.
How does the presence of an aging population affect public pension programs?
How do current immigration laws dictate how replacement immigration might be impacted by immigration laws?
Problem addressed by proposed study
The aging of the population…
Bongaarts, John. Population Aging and the Rising Cost of Public Pensions
Chand, Sheetal and Albert Jaeger. 1996. "Aging populations and public pension schemes," IMF
Occasional Paper Number 147. Washington, DC: International Monetary Fund.
Allowing more legal migrants from Mexico will not only save lives, it will decrease the terrible practice of smuggling, and it will free up the Border Patrol to concentrate on more important issues, such as drug smuggling and national security. Legal migration is an important issue that needs to be addressed by Congress, so that more people can enjoy the freedom and prosperity of living in America - legally and without fear of reprisal or deportation.
Annerino, John. Dead in Their Tracks: Crossing America's Desert Borderlands. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1999.
Borjas, George J., and Eric O'N. Fisher. "Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market." Journal of Money, Credit & Banking 33.2 (2001): 626.
Dunn, Timothy J. "Border Militarization Via Drug and Immigration Enforcement: Human ights Implications." Social Justice 28.2 (2001): 7+.
Ladik, Steven M. "On Strengthening U.S./Mexican elations: The Unfinished Agenda." American Immigration Lawyers Association. 16 April…
Annerino, John. Dead in Their Tracks: Crossing America's Desert Borderlands. New York: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1999.
Borjas, George J., and Eric O'N. Fisher. "Dollarization and the Mexican Labor Market." Journal of Money, Credit & Banking 33.2 (2001): 626.
Dunn, Timothy J. "Border Militarization Via Drug and Immigration Enforcement: Human Rights Implications." Social Justice 28.2 (2001): 7+.
Ladik, Steven M. "On Strengthening U.S./Mexican Relations: The Unfinished Agenda." American Immigration Lawyers Association. 16 April 2002. 24 Nov. 2004. http://www.aila.org/contentViewer.aspx?bc=9,576,2199,579
This indicates that the government must take necessary measures to limit or reduce the extent of criminal activities within the economy. This can occur through legalization of human smuggling while tightening the rules and regulations governing property or product smuggling.
Smuggling and Price Disparity odel
In the Bhagwati and Hansen odel (Bhagwati-Hansen odel), smuggling is a trade at the world or international prices. This indicates that there is evasion of taxes. This trade involves less favorable transformation curve in comparison to curves under the free trade condition in the absence of the taxation system. This is under the assumption that smuggling involves real cost such as additional transport costs. In their illustration of smuggling and welfare, Bhagwati and Hansen indicate that smuggling has negative effects on welfare. This illustration explains that smuggling reduces welfare in the presence of co-existence between legal and illegal trade (smuggling). Bhagwati and Hansen explain that…
Mark M. PiTT. Smuggling and Price Disparity. Journal of International Economics 11 (2001) 447-458. North-Holland Publishing Company
Mark M. PiTT. Smuggling and Price Disparity. Journal of International Economics 11 (2001) 447-458. North-Holland Publishing Company
Mark M. PiTT. Smuggling and Price Disparity. Journal of International Economics 11 (2001) 447-458. North-Holland Publishing Company
Birds and Migration
Music has been utilized in various mediums throughout history. In church, for example, music is meant to elevate one's emotions and bring him or her "closer to God." In film, more recently, music has been utilized to evoke certain emotions as well, and to keep the audience interested in the subject at hand. In horror movies, for example, when there is a crescendo, it is relatively certain that something bad may happen. Music, thus, can be happy or sad, and evoke a multitude of other emotions if utilized properly. his paper will thus examine the effect of music in a Youube video on winged migration.
In this particular video, the audience is shown, in documentary format, the migration of birds from various points-of-view. he video starts with very classical, pleasing music, and shows birds in the water, flying, bathing, seen by people, etc. For each of…
The film presented on the YouTube video is excellent in its filmography, not only for the beautiful images it presents, but also for the topic that it examines. However, without the music, this would be a movie focused on birds and the sounds they make, and would not keep a viewer's interest. Due to the music, the film becomes a journey for the audience, which can take them almost as far as the birds can fly and can make one feel as if he or she is soaring with them, feeling the wind with them, or the sun, and finally feeling everything that the movie means to portray which is, in fact, the whole scope of music.
"The Travelling Birds/Winged Migration." (2011). YouTube. Retrieved September 9, 2011, from .
Munger, D. (2008). "Even music played before or after a film is shown to have an effect on our perception or emotion." Cognitive Daily. Retrieved September 9, 2011, from .
GEOPOLITICS OF ILLEGAL MIGATION IN THE U.S.
Slowing or stopping the flow of immigrants across the U.S. Mexico border has remained a hot political issue for several decades. The events of 9/11 only added fuel to the fire and politicians have repeatedly promised to plug the leaky border. Although the budget and manpower of the Border Patrol has been tripled since 9/11, leaders in congress felt more needed to be done. In 2006 the Secure Fence Act was passed into law, which authorized funding to build 700 miles of fencing along the most troublesome stretches of the Mexico/U.S. border (Ellis, 2011). By the end of 2008 only 120 miles had been completed. In 2006 the Secure Border Initiative awarded a billion dollar contract to Boeing to build a virtual fence along the border and by the end of last year only 53 miles had been completed. The past…
Coleman, Matthew. (2008). Between public policy and foreign policy: U.S. immigration law reform and the undocumented migrant. Urban Geography, 29, 4-28.
Ellis, Ashton. (2011, Jan. 21). Border fence update: Governing elites use promises to ease resistance for illegal immigrants' amnesty. Texas Insider. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011 from http://www.texasinsider.org/?p=41295
Jackson, Melinda S. (2011). Priming the sleeping giant: The dynamics of Latino political identity and vote choice. Political Psychology, 32, 691-716.
PEW Hispanic Center. (2011). The Mexican-American Boom: Births overtake immigration. Retrieved Oct. 20, 2011 from http://pewhispanic.org/files/reports/144.pdf
African-Americans and Western Expansion
Prior to the 1960s and 1970s, very little was written about black participation in Western expansion from the colonial period to the 19th Century, much less about black and Native American cooperation against slavery. This history was not so much forbidden or censored as never written at all, or simply ignored when it was written. In reality, blacks participated in all facets of Western expansion, from the fur trade and cattle ranching to mining and agriculture. There were black cowboys and black participants in the Indian Wars -- on both sides, in fact. Indeed, the argument over slavery in the Western territories was one of the key factors in breaking up the Union in the 1850s and leading to the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860. In the past thirty years, much of the previously unwritten and unrecorded history of the Americas since 1492 has been…
Foner, Eric. Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War. Oxford University Press, 1970, 1995.
Foner, Philip S. History of Black Americans. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1983.
Katz, William Loren. The Black West: A Documentary and Pictorial History of the African-American Role in the Westward Experience of the United States. NY: Random House, Inc., 2005.
Katz, William Loren. Black Indians: A Hidden Heritage. NY: Simon & Schuster, 1986.
Migration Project for Tony's Chip
The focus of this document is to develop an internally hosted Website Migration Project for Tony's Chip Company. The website will have a back-up site that will serve as a failover in case the original site goes down or unavailable. To assist Tony's Chip Company building a dynamic Website that provides a disaster recovery plan, and minimal downtime to ensure that the site is available for 24 hours, the project will design the website using SDLC (system development life cycle). ESTful concept describes web architecture as the protocols that uses the HTTP, and standard operations such as POST, GET, and DELETE. The ESTful also uses the SOAP messaging over the HTTP to assist in enhancing an effective message transfer. Despite the benefits associated to the EST concept, however, its specification is still poor for the development of a dynamic website. However, this project will still…
AlFardan. N. J. Bernstein, D. J. Paterson, K. G. et al. (2013). On the Security of RC4 in TLS (PDF). 22nd USENIX Security Symposium.
Department of Education. (2003). Weaving a Secure Web Around Education: A Guide to Technology Standards and Security. NCES 2003-381. Washington, DC.
This move is to lock out EP systems from other nations running their factories and ensure their lasting manufacturing competitive advantage.
Still, the onslaught of manufacturing continues to China. Dell Computer for example opened a manufacturing center in Xiamen, along the coast of China that borders Taiwan, and IBM has a sizeable office and development center in Shanghai. The most troubling aspect of this however is how quickly corporations in western nations including the U.S. will trade information and even the potential freedom of people to gain access to China. The release of personal information by Yahoo of a blogger in China and the about-face of Google on sharing search data with China on their citizens are cases in point.
Friedman (2005) - Thomas . Friedman, author. The World is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY.…
Friedman (2005) - Thomas R. Friedman, author. The World is Flat. Farrar, Straus, and Giroux. New York, NY. Published 2005
Migration, Employment and UK Economy
Point 1: Perception and Reality do not always align
Duffy and Frere-Smith (2013) published their report on perception versus reality where immigration\'s impact on the UK labour market are concerned. The report highlighted several gaps between perception and reality, such as the composition of immigrants being largely asylum-seekers (most are students), and the fact that concerns about immigration have been rising recently. They also highlight that concerns are often surrounding impact on public service and benefits, but ignore positive elements like the tax contribution and economic benefits of immigrants.
This study supports the findings of Dustmann and Preston (2007), which held that residents of the UK were mostly concerned about the impacts of immigrants in terms of paying taxes and using the welfare system. They found two areas where such concerns were disconnected from reality. One being that such concerns were outsized in proportion to…
S. were Protestant and that 18% of them mostly converted from Catholicism (Weiss and Solis 2007). The Hispanic population increased by 28% from 2000 to 2005. The survey identified the reasons why Hispanics would not assimilate and integrate easily or smoothly into the non-Hispanic religious culture in the U.S. Many Hispanics have a different approach to religion. They are generally more devout than non-Hispanics. This attitude derives from a mystical experience and understanding of their faith. This faith, in turn, connects powerfully to their language and original customs. Their identity links more with the community than that of the Anglo-Saxon church of the U.S. The Pew study interviewed approximately 4,000 Hispanics nationwide. The broad differences between Hispanics and non-Hispanics in the practice of their religious faith in the U.S. included denominations, faith experience, choice of place of worship, and the use of the Spanish language. About 68% of Hispanic adults…
Althoff, Andrea. Migration and Transformation of Latino Religious Identities in the U.S.
Calvin College, 2007. Retrieved on March 7, 2008 at http://www.calvin.edu/henry/schedule/althoff.pdf
Dow, James W. The Growth of Protestant Religions in Mexico and Central America.
Oakland University, 2003. Retrieved on March 7, 2008 at http://personalwebs.oakland.edu/~dow/personal/papers/meso/sssr_2003/e_connected.pdf
Socially-constructed Societies and Cultures Among Transmigrants and Transnationals: The Case of United States Migration History
Migration, as a social activity, is a vital element considered not only for its importance in determining specific aspects of a country's socio-demographic characteristics, but in determining the psycho-demographic characteristics of societies and cultures within that country. Indeed, it is evident that apart from serving as a catalyst in changing the social structure of societies, migration also helps change and bring dynamism to a the norms, traditions, and values held important by a society and culture. Take as an example the history of migration in the United States. Historical events such as the first and second World Wars have triggered the sudden increase in migration of people from different countries in the world. Furthermore, migration also increased as an effect of the economic and political stability of the U.S., as compared to other countries in…
Castles, S. And M. Miller. (1993). The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.
Kennedy, P. And V. Roudometof. Transnationalism in a global age. In Communities across Borders: New immigrants and transnational cultures. (2002). P. Kennedy and V. Roudometof (Eds.). NY: Routledge.
Massey, D. Why does immigration occur? A Theoretical Synthesis. In The Handbook of International Migration: The American Experience. (1999). C. Hirschmann, P. Kasinitz and J. DeWind (Eds.). NY: Russell Sage Foundation.
Matthews, K. Boundaries of diaspora identity: The case of Central and East African-Asians in Canada. In Communities across Borders: New immigrants and transnational cultures. (2002). P. Kennedy and V. Roudometof (Eds.). NY: Routledge.
Gender Perspectives on Globalization
The social impact of globalization: case of Indian nurses migration
The globalization advent can be dated back to the post WWII era leading to the cold war period where countries increasingly chose the nations that they aligned their diplomatic, political and economic allegiances to. This trend was informed by the global economic trends that prevailed after the WWII and the need for economic allies in order for a country and to some extent a region to survive. The World Bank (2014a) advances globalization as the increased interdependence of countries on each other due to the ever increasing finance, trade, human resources and ideologies at the global level. It is characterized by the significant increase in the international trade patterns and the establishment of cross-border investments and these are noted to be the two major characteristics of globalization as sated by Mrak M. (2000:Pp3-6) and these cannot…
Costinot A. Donaldson D., (2012). Ricardo's Theory of Comparative Advantage: Old Idea, New Evidence. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from http://economics.mit.edu/files/7536
Gill R., (2011). Nursing Shortage in India with special reference to International Migration of Nurses. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from http://www.google.co.ke/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=8&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CFUQFjAH&url=http%3A%2F%2Fsocialmedicine.info%2Findex.php%2Fsocialmedicine%2Farticle%2Fdownload%2F517%2F1088&ei=GEF2VJeBA4Ldao7_grgG&usg=AFQjCNF2NHcvOH9zERhetMyAYZN1uKua2A&sig2=VzqxICFENaDFRwkKDJ8YeA&bvm=bv.80642063,d.bGQ
Nagarajan R., (2010). India tops with 56,000 migrant doctors in OECD countries. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/India-tops-with-56000-migrant-doctors-in-OECD-countries/articleshow/7154050.cms
Senior K., (2010). Wanted: 2.4 million nurses, and that's just in India. Retrieved November 26, 2014 from http://www.who.int/bulletin/volumes/88/5/10-020510.pdf
Since the peak in residential Black/hite segregation during the 1960s and 1970s, there has been a slow decline in the index of dissimilarity; however, this did not translate into an increase in interactions with different racial groups ("Residential Segregation" 15-19). By the 2010 Census, the average hite person still lives in a predominantly hite neighborhood and the average Black person lives in a predominately minority neighborhood. By comparison, the residential segregation experienced by Hispanics and Asians has remained relatively stable during the latter decades of the 20th century and during the first decade of the new millennium.
The two main competing models are "human ecology" and "socioeconomic status" ("Residential Segregation" 47). The human ecology model proposes that segregation is created by trends in migration and new housing starts, institutionalized discrimination, population growth, an urban center's size and age, and the demographics specific to a region. By comparison, ilson…
Farley, Reynolds and Frey, William H. "Changes in the Segregation of Whites from Blacks during the 1980s: Small Steps Toward a more Integrated Society." American Sociological Review 59.1 (1994): 23-45. Print.
"Farmville: Film Description." POV, American Documentary, Inc. (2009). Web.
Hirschman, Charles. "Immigration and the American Century." Demography, 42.4 (2005): 595-620.
Logan, John R., Stults, Brian J., and Farley, Reynolds. "Segregation of Minorities in the Metropolis: Two Decades of Change." Demography 41.1 (2004): 1-22. Print.
In the fall, they migrate from the summer feeding grounds, heading south along the coast of North America to Mexico, to the calving and nesting waters of the Sea of Cortez, where they seek shelter and the calmer waters of Scammon's Lagoon, at Baja, California. Calves are born in the shallow lagoons and bays from early January to mid February. Then the north bound journey begins in mid February to May, the Eastern North Pacific stock of gray whales can be seen migrating with newborn calves along the west coast of America. The new born calves have a pebbly appearance, like a slate gray 'dill pickle" -- this is an easy visual to identify them. Thanks to the whalewatch industry, that began in the 1970's, this is one of the best documented whale species on earth.
2) Humpback whale migration
During the summer months, humpbacks spend the majority of their…
air traffic has continued to increase and it now constitutes a considerable proportion of the travelling public. The amount of long-hour flights has increased significantly. Based on the International Civil Aviation authority, air traffic can be anticipated to double amid till 2020. Airline travel, especially over longer distances, makes air travelers vulnerable to numerous facets that will impact their health and well-being. Particularly, the speed with which influenza spreads and mutates, via transportation routes, is the reason why the influenza pandemic is considered to be a huge threat to the human population. Pandemic is a term, which is used for a virus or microbe when it spreads over a large area, in severe cases even the whole world and large number of people start getting affecting by it (CDC, 2009).
In the past 300 years, there have been ten significant influenza pandemics outbreaks that have taken place in this world.…
Airports Council International (2009) Airport preparedness guidelines for outbreaks of communicable disease. Available at: http://www.airports.org/aci/aci/file/ACI_Priorities/Health/Airport%20preparedness%20guidelines.pdf (Accessed: 28 November 2011)
Bouma, G.D. (2002) The research process. 4th edn. Melbourne: Oxford University Press.
Brigantic, R., Delp, W., Gadgil A., Kulesz, J., Lee, R., Malone, J.D. (2009) U.S. airport entry screening in response to pandemic influenza: Modeling and analysis. Available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science?_ob=ArticleURL&_udi=B7578-4W2M6SG1&_user=10843&_rdoc=1&_fmt=&_orig=search&_sort=d&view=c&_acct=C000000150&_version=1&_urlVersion=0&_userid=10843&md5=44685b11dd53d74a8ef85a4f03e185f2 (Accessed: 28 November 2011)
Bush, George W. (2003a). Homeland security presidential directive -- 5: Management of domestic incidents. Available at: http://www.whitehouse.gov/news/releases/2003/02/20030228-9.html (Accessed: 28 November 2011)
But many other nationalities also saw a great many prejudices directed at them like the Polish, Russian, and other Baltic state immigrants. Events like the Red Scare sweeping across America as well as mass racism against our own citizens as black soldiers returned home from Europe.
There was more to this era than simply immigration into the United States from Europe. There was a strong migration period at the same time. For example, black Americans were beginning to migrate out of the southern states into the north for an opportunity to increase their wealth in northern cities like Chicago and Detroit. The Great Migration as it was known saw hundreds of thousands of Southern Blacks migrate to northern cities. ith that, new Black communities began to flourish in places like Harlem. But the negative side of the migration saw various race riots in cities like St. Louis and Houston.…
Ellis Island. (2005.) Migration. Retrieved on March 2, 2005, from Ed. Monroe K12 at http://www.monroe.k12.fl.us/kls/Immigration/EllisIsland/Ellisisland.htm .
SlaveryInAmerica. (2005) 369th Infantry Division of the United States Army. Retrieved on March 2, 2005, from http://www.slaveryinamerica.org/scripts/sia/glossary.cgi.
Make specific use of at least 3 separate texts in the paper, from the Unit's readings in the Making Connections: Reading American Cultures with accompanying CD-ROM, AIExplorer: Immigration and Migration (You may use the 2000 or 2001 edition of the text; you will need Version 1.2 or Version 1.3 of the CD-Rom)
Some Chinese researchers assert that Chinese flutes may have evolved from of Indian provenance.
In fact, the kind of side-blon, or transverse, flutes musicians play in Southeast Asia have also been discovered in Africa, India, Saudi Arabia, and Central Asia, as ell as throughout the Europe of the Roman Empire. This suggests that rather than originating in China or even in India, the transverse flute might have been adopted through the trade route of the Silk Road to Asia. In addition to these transverse flutes, Southeast Asians possessed the kind of long vertical flutes; similar to those found in Central Asia and Middle East.
A considerable amount of similarities exist beteen the vertical flutes of Southeast Asia and flutes from Muslim countries. This type of flute possibly came from Persians during the ninth century; during the religious migration to SEA. Likeise, the nose-blon flute culture, common to a number of…
Purple highlight means reference from his thesis, chapters 1-5
Blue highlight means reference from his raw research that was sent (17 files)
Yellow highlight means that writer could not find reference; one of the 17 files received
Gray highlight means writer found this source
Medical l Nursing
The United States has the largest number of professional nurses in the world totalled 3 millions approximately. Despite the available large number of professional nurses, there is still imbalance between the supply and demand for nurses in the United States. Demand for the professional nurses has outnumbered the supply. Typically, critical nursing shortage has become a serious issue in the United States, and the production capacity is lagging based on the estimated future needs. The concept of nursing shortage refers to the situation where the demand for nurses outnumbers the supply. The worsening nursing shortage in the United States has created the demand for more nurses to fill the gap. Many private and public sectors healthcare leaders have advocated for the serious solution to boost the supply of nurses. One of the solutions advocated is that the U.S. should facilitate the migration of foreign graduate…
Aiken, L.H. (2007). U.S. Nurse Labor Market Dynamics Are Key to Global Nurse
Sufficiency. Health Service Research.42(3):1299-1320.
Brush, B.L. Sochalski, J. & Berger, A.M. (2004). Imported Care: Recruiting Foreign Nurses
to U.S. Health Care Facilities. Health Affairs. 23(3):78.87.
Submitted to the Faculty of the Division of the International Relations and Diplomacy
In Candidacy For The Degree Of Master Of Philosophy
A number of developments are challenging the national identity and interests of Western European countries. Primary among these are the supranational integration and sovereignty sharing that is occurring between the European Union (EU) member state governments and the EU governance organs, the ongoing inward migration of peoples from the global South and East into EU countries, as well as the continued elaboration and application of human rights, which is of particular importance to potential migrants and EU residents of non-European origin. The existence of increasing migratory flows and a growing number of settled immigrant communities demands a policy response from the EU and its member states to address the situation of immigrant minorities "particularly with regards to the rights to be (or not to be) conferred upon them"…
Freedman, Jane. 2003. Gender and Insecurity: Migrant Women in Europe. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing Company.
Geddes, Andrew. 1995. "Immigrant and Ethnic Minorities and the EU's 'Democratic Deficit'." Journal of Common Market Studies 33:197-217.
Guiraudon, Virginie. 2000. "European Integration and Migration Policy: Veretical Policy-making as Venue Shopping." Journal of Common Market Studies 38:251-71.
Huysmans, Jef. 2000. "The EU and the securitization of migration." Journal of Common Market Studies 38:751-78.
Pastor categorizes the last century (ending in the 1980s) as falling into several categories, with regard to immigration policy, which he also notes is open for debate, as it is usually done in public debates in Congress and between the executive branch and congress.
While policy during this period may be categorized in many ways, a Latin American perspective suggests four useful divisions...: Defining Limits, 1875-1921; the Classical Special elationship, 1921-1964; From Special elationship to Global Policy, 1965-1978; and the Special Case -- Illegal Migration.
1984, p. 37)
The shift associated with immigration from, European sources to Latin America, and namely Mexico is well documented and determinant of many social issues, including those designated with the legal immigration sphere as well as those designated illegal, by virtue of the manner in which immigration is done. This was also a shift, in that there had been significant movements during and following…
Borjas, G.J. (2001). Does Immigration Grease the Wheels of the Labor Market. 69.
Briggs, V.M. (1995). Mass Immigration, Free Trade and the Forgotten American Worker. Challenge, 38(3), 37.
Briggs, V.M. (1996). Immigration Policy and the U.S. Economy: An Institutional Perspective. Journal of Economic Issues, 30(2), 371.
DeSipio, L., & De la Garza, R.O. (1998). Making Americans, Remaking America: Immigration and Immigrant Policy. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
The genetic factors were also excluded as having a major influence in the medical condition according to studies that showed that genetic factors that may influence the illness are overcome in proportion of 3:1 by environmental factors (uaranaccia, 1981, 11).
In her study, Laura onzales points out that Puerto Rican migrants are keeping in close contact with their relatives, friends and acquaintances from the islands, traveling back and forth, being engaged in what Christenson had defined as a "circulatory migration"(onzales, 2008, 2). The fact that the first language on the Puerto Rican Island is Spanish, English being widely taught in schools, but as a second language, made things harder for the older generations who migrated to the mainland. On the other hand, in a city like New York, one of the most targeted cities for the Puerto Rican migrators, Spanish is one of the languages "most commonly heard" after English,…
Guarnaccia, P. 1981. Puerto Ricans, Asthma, and the Health-Care System. Medical Anthropology Newsletter, Vol. 12, No. 2 (Feb., 1981), pp. 9-17
Landale et al. Migration and Infant Death: Assimilation or Selective Migration among Puerto Ricans? American Sociological Review, Vol. 65, No. 6 (Dec., 2000), pp. 888-909
Zayas, L.H. Palleja, J. 1988. Puerto Rican Familism: Considerations for Family Therapy. Family Relations, Vol. 37, No. 3 (Jul., 1988), pp. 260-264
At the same time, the Japanese parent will likely encourage the child's freedom, especially in the early stages of life, while the American parent will tend to correct from early stages of development any misbehavior or errors. With the relationship mother-child, the Japanese mother will tend to emphasize less the development of the communication side for the child and will prefer a more symbiotic relationship (Ibid. page 71).
4. A family can best be defined through some of the main characteristics it has. However, one should also known that there are some general characteristics that everyone accepts as to what a family is and several others that are only accepted by groups of individuals as to what the family is. As such, both aspects need to be taken into consideration and discussed.
First of all, the family is judged to be the fundamental unity cell of society. From this perspective,…
1. Roopnarine, Jaipaul. Gielen, Uwe. 2005. Families in Global Perspective. Pearson.
2. Ehrenreich, Barbara, Hochschild, Arlie Russell. 2002. Global Woman. Henry Holt and Company
his League advocated the peaceful and friendly expansion and recognition of African-American culture and roots in Africa. It also helped pave the way for more militant African-American advocacy groups that found their way into popular African-American culture and society during the Harlem Renaissance. he Universal African Legion also had affiliate companies and corporations, which gave African-Americans more cultural, economic, and political clout and representation during this time period. Garvey was a crucial figure in the uniting of African-Americans toward the singular goal of improving their cultural and social conditions inside the U.S.
he New Negro movement was an over-arching hopefulness that African-American culture and society could successfully flourish in the post slavery era. Garvey played a major role in helped to culturally establish the African-American agenda of upward social mobility and desegregation (Locke, 1997). he Harlem Renaissance was a movement with limited scope that took place during the 1920's and…
The Black Power Movement emerged as a separate approach to the issues of civil rights and racial inequality. Those who were frustrated with the status quo, and with the slow progress of the non-violent philosophy, were often quick to back the more militant wing of the Black Power Movement. Some African-Americans felt very strongly that in order to change the status quo there needed to be a real physical threat from African-Americans looking to secure their fair share of power and liberty in America (Cone, 1997). Nowhere was this more apparent than with the Black Panther Movement. These people believed that the power that had been stolen by the whites during and after slavery needed to be forcibly taken back. The national response to this movement was one of fear, and many people saw the Black Panther Movement as illegitimated by the violence they so often advocated.
The Black Power slogan enjoyed a multitude of functions. It functioned as a call to arms for the Black Panthers while also helping to solidify black capitalism and intellectual attitudes in America during this time period. Many consider the Black Power movement to be a direct reaction or result of the Civil Rights Movement, and felt as though stressing Black Nationalism and pride at every level was, to a lesser degree, successful in changing the attitudes of Americans toward African-Americans (Cone, 1997). The impact of this movement can still be seen today. The culturally popular and change-affecting "Black is Beautiful' movement came from the Black Power movement, as did many of the cultural, social, and political attitudes that modern day African-Americans hold relative to their perception of their place in society (Cone, 1997). The Black Power movement helped to define "blackness" as a positive identity, instead of something to be ashamed of. It often functioned as a rallying cry for African-Americans caught up in the struggle for cultural equality directly after the Civil Rights Movement.
Cited: Cone, JH. (1997). Black Theology and Black Power. Orbis Books: Maryknoll, NY.
Not all people who own guns are criminals nor will they end up using their gun, but it does feel better to know that in a worst case scenario situation, one will be able to fight back on even grounds.
Gun regulation is not about banning guns, but about controlling who has access to them. As proposed by the President, background checks are essential when it comes to being able to own a gun (Simon 2013). This is no way violates any sense of privacy or freedom and right to bear arms. It just assures the public that those who do have access and ownership of these powerful weapons will not use them in a hurtful or harmful way, nor will they, most importantly, hurt our children. Although it is difficult enough to protect children at home, no longer do children have that security and safety that used to be…
LaFranchi, Howard. "Big Heels to Fill': What John Kerry Signaled to State Dept. On His First Day ( Video)." The Christian Science Monitor. The Christian Science Monitor, 04 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .
Elementary School Rampage - CBS News. (n.d.). Breaking News Headlines: Business, Entertainment & World News - CBS News. Retrieved February 7, 2013, from http://www.cbsnews.com/2718-201_162-2046/elementary-school-rampage/
Simon, Mallory. "Gun Debate: Where Is the Middle Ground?" CNN. Cable News Network, 01 Feb. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .
"Inaugural Address." Fifty-Seventh Inaugural Ceremonies to Swear-in the President of the United States. Joint Congressional Committee on Inaugural Ceremonies, 21 Jan. 2013. Web. 12 Feb. 2013. .
Ida Mae Brandon Gladney
An unfortunate blemish in America's past has been the harsh treatment of African-Americans by the white members of the population. Harsh racial prejudices were most rampant in the American south where African-Americans were deprived the right to vote, were forcibly segregated from the white community, and could be beaten, raped, and murdered on the slightest provocation. For all these reasons, many African-Americans fled the south and migrated into the northern states. Although African-Americans were still treated poorly in many parts of the north, it was far better for them than what they had experienced in the southern states. In Isabel ilkerson's book The armth of Others Suns written in 2010, the author explores what it would have been like for African-Americans who left the oppression of the south in order to find relative freedom from persecution in the north. The book features the stories of three…
Gotham, Kevin. "Racialization and the State: the Housing Act of 1934 and the Creation of the Federal Housing Administration." Sociological Perspectives. (43:2). 2000. 291-317. Print.
Gregory, James. The Southern Diaspora: how the Great Migrations of Black and White
Southerners Transformed America. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2005. Print.
Oshinsky, David. "Freedom Trains." The New York Times. New York Times Company, 2010.
Genetic diversity: Discuss the issues related to genetic diversity: mutations, sexual reproduction, migration, and population size.
Under most circumstances, when "an individual possesses a trait or traits that allow it to compete better for food, shelter, mates, and nesting sites, then that individual will produce more offspring because it is better nourished, is better protected, lives longer and has mate(s) with which to reproduce more offspring" (Furr n.d.). Thus, if a species produces a spontaneous mutation which is beneficial for the species' survival, the mutated organism will live, grow, and reproduce and pass on the mutation to successive generations. The mutation may survive as a heterogeneous allele, but if the mutation is common enough or the mutation produces enough offspring, eventually the useful mutation will manifest itself in greater and greater numbers in the population. "Sexual reproduction allows the genetic information of two parents to recombine to form a new…
Chapter 6. Mendelian genetics in populations II: Migration, genetic drift and non-random
Mating. (n.d.). Buffalo State University. Retrieved: http://faculty.buffalostate.edu/penaloj/bio405/outline6.html
Furr, Susan H. (n.d.). Sources of genetic diversity: A web learning experience.
University of Arizona. Retrieved: http://biology.arizona.edu/sciconn/lessons2/Furr/GeneticDiversity/GeneticDiversityHome.htm
A context of economic stability strengthens the country's status in the world, increases the value of the national currency and attracts foreign investors. But there should also exist a certain level of flexibility in order to encourage investors to open businesses within the country. Foreign investors need both security but also the promises of adaptability and flexibility, which will help them conduct organizational operations.
Stability should be offered by most industries and sectors, as well as national institutions. Among the sectors which reveal increased importance in offering stability are the financial sector and the banking sector. The financial sector, supervised by the country's central bank, must be stable as to develop and implement fair financial regulations, maintain an appropriate value of the national currency and reduce inflation. The banking sector has to be stable as to offer numerous credit and savings opportunities for entrepreneurs.
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model,…
Benito, C.A., Neo-Classical Growth Model, Development Economics Sonoma State University, retrieved from www.sonoma.edu/users/b/benito/econ403/units/NeoClassical.ppton February 7, 2008
Elbaum, B., Lazonick, W., 1984, the Decline of the British Economy: An Institutional Perspective, the Journal of Economic History, Volume 44, Number 2
Gourvish, T., 2000, Entrepreneurship in Britain 1870-1914 - Failure or Adaptation, London School of Economics, Retrieved at http://www.dieboldinstitute.org/paper3b.pdfon February 7, 2008
Meade, J.E., 1962, a Neoclassical Theory of Economic Growth, Retrieved at http://www.economyprofessor.com/economictheories/neo-classical-growth-theory.phpon February 7, 2008
"The Mysteries of Chaco Canyon," narrated by Robert Redford, explores the mysteries surrounding the Pueblo site at Chaco Canyon. The film begins with a brief narration about how the original migration of people to the area of Chaco Canyon was for them to seek a special place to be the "center of our world." Therefore, there is deep spiritual and metaphysical significance in the actual physical, geographical location of the buildings. This is in spite of the fact that the area is unsheltered from the elements, which deliver temperature and weather extremes that can be inhospitable to life. It took 250 years to complete the massive construction project, and to build in architectural elements that would serve as an astronomical indicator such as the shaft of light that appears only at certain times a year. Four themes the film covers include the difference between archaeological and oral traditions;…
This has been represented through both advertisement campaigns highlighting individual beauty and greater media attention to those who do not bear resemblance to traditional images of beauty. In "sex, lies and advertising," it is evident that the use of magazines and other advertising mediums are the direct correlation to why so many women feel that they need to change themselves. These images however all false in nature since they do not accurate depict what the feminine form and beauty is. There is no strong conflict of interest between women's magazines and beauty products because the idea of beauty is now so deeply entrenched in social and cultural frameworks those magazines will not shake the desire of women to want to be beautiful. Furthermore, the prevalence of women's magazines only makes the problem appear more subliminal and give people the false sense of acceptance that is not in fact present.
un.org)." However, the CIA estimated that in 2004 there were "30.66 deaths/1,000 live births, with 34.47 deaths/1,000 live births among males, and 26.65 deaths/1,000 live births among females (www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/br.html)."
AIDS plays a role in the demographics of the Brazilian population. In 2003, the CIA estimated that the "adult prevalence rate of HIV / AIDS was 0.7%, the number of people living with HIV / AIDS was 660,000 and the number of deaths that year from HIV / AIDS was 15,000 (www.cia.gov/cia/publications/factbook/geos/br.html)."
One important point about the population data is that when Brazil performed its census in August 2000, it "reported a population of 169,799,170. That figure was about 3.3% lower than projections by the U.S. Census Bureau, and is close to the implied undernumeration of 4.6% for the 1991 census. Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS, and this can…
Country at a Glance. Brazil: Health. (accessed 22 April 2005). www.un.org/).
D'allegro, Joseph. "Brazil Attracting U.S. Insurers' Interest." National Underwriter Life & Health-Financial Services Edition. (1999): 25 October.
Encyclopedia: Demographics of Brazil. (accessed 22 April 2005). http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Demographics-of-Brazil ).
Migration and Urbanization. (accessed 22 April 2005). www.mongabay.com/reference/country_studies/brazil/29.html).
In this sense, "During the 1950s and 1960s, especially after the falling-out between hina and the former Soviet Union, the hinese government actively relocated Han hinese to frontier provinces such as Xinjiang, Inner Mongolia, and Heilongjiang, in order to consolidate the border in light of possible military threat from the Soviets"
. Therefore, the decision to intervene in the ethnic composition of the region was not only a choice related to the national identity of the country but also to geostrategic aspects.
After the end of the old War, the region remained of importance for hina form the perspective of the national identity as well as crucial natural resources, which include oil reserves. From this perspective, massive investments have been conducted in the region, stating the official reason to be the reduction of the disparities between the regions of hina. In this sense, "Rich in natural gas, oil, and warm…
It is through interviews and analysis; we will see how these individuals feel about the new cultures and regulations around them. Living in a new place, these individuals can very easily let go of the limitations they were under before. Therefore, their answers will give a sound idea of what sort of struggle they are experiencing with the new culture and how to retain their self and identity.
This study was only carried out on eight students and that is the major limitation of this research project. As stated before, half of the sample size is directly from Saudi Arabia and the other half has lived in countries such as well. Despite these differences, there are other factors such as economic class, religious sect, education and family structure that make each of these individuals different one from another. Due to these differences, the generalization created from this sample set…
Balbo, Marcello. "Social and spatial inclusion of international migrants: local responses to a global process." (2009): Print.
Giddens, Anthony. Modernity and self-identity. Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1991. Print.
Goffman, Erving. The presentation of self in everyday life. Woodstock, N.Y.: Overlook Press, 1973. Print.
Islam101.com. "The Utility of Islamic Imagery in the West." 1960. Web. 17 May 2013. .
(Needs to be specified by the writer)
When referring to the mechanisms of life and society, one can assume that the most trustful key for understanding the given world with all its issues and particularities is the scientific Sociology, based on research which further leads to elaborated theories. With no intention of underestimating its importance, the current paper work focuses on an alternative method of providing a complete view over social facts: movies.
Along with literature, movies represent a projection of the real world in the fictional area. y presenting an issue from an artistic point-of-view, a good movie not only provides a good understanding of an issue for the large masses of citizens, but it is also a very efficient method for drawing attention to a particular problem that the society faces. A well done movie uses symbolism in order to highlight relevant points, together with an intense…
1. Kaye, Tony. American History X. Perf. Edward Norton. John Morrissey, 1998
2. Singleton, John. Boyz N. The Hood. Perf. Ice Cube, Cuba Gooding, Jr. Steven Nicolaides, 1991
3. Castles, Stephen; Davidson, Alastair. Citizenship and migration: globalization and the politics of belonging. New York: Routledge, 2000
4. Chavez Leo Ralph. The Latino threat: constructing immigrants, citizens, and the nation. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press, 2008