During the 1940s, America had just experienced the onslaught of World War II. After massive fighting against the Axis power nations (Germany, Italy, and Japan), America, along with its allies in the war, was able to conclude the conflict by deciding to drop the atomic bomb in Japan. The war ended with the Axis power conceding defeat, and America went on to rehabilitate its nation after the war. The rehabilitation of America as a nation weary of possible atrocities among nations in the world is twofold. After the war, America experienced a resurgence in economic growth, primarily brought about by the development of new technologies that spurred the country's commercial market. Furthermore, the growth of new technologies and manufacturing industry in America encouraged social mobility, enabling the middle class society to increase in number, narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor. Thus, the technological revolution and social mobilization became the positive effects of World War II during the 1950s. However, the downside or the negative effect of WWII is that it further intensified America's policy in abolishing attempts to curb freedom. Thus, in the 1950s, America adopted a Containment Policy that tried to stop Communism from spreading in Asia, which traces its roots in China, Russia (or USSR), North Vietnam, and North Korea. The Containment Policy was formulated and implemented because it sought to promote freedom and curb the authoritarian government of Communist policies. Thus, what resulted is the emergence of the Cold War, where America played a vital role in furthering the conflict between North and South Vietnam and North and South Korea. In addition, the Cold War led to tensions between China and USSR and America, leading to political conflict as well as deaths to millions of soldiers who fought for the war in Vietnam and Korea.
As was discussed in the previous item, the Cold War had led to numerous deaths of American soldiers and innocent civilians, specifically in the Vietnam War. Despite the apparent defeat of Americans against the North Vietnamese military and the Viet Cong, the government went on to fight the war, at the expense of innocent people and America's soldiers, including also the total destruction of Vietnam's physical environment.
Social movements against the Vietnam War were formed, calling for the government to concede the war against the North Vietnamese. These mobilizations, often termed as the "mob rule," became the norm in American society during the 1960s. The emergence of activism seeking equal rights and expressing sentiments on nationality has become prevalent. This is evident in the mobilization of civil rights and feminist movements during this period, leading to the desegregation and abolishment of prejudice against black Americans and the liberal rights that women are experiencing in the contemporary American society. It is evident that while the World War II and Cold War brought about detrimental effects in the American nation, such as the Vietnam War and Korean War, these events had also contributed to the strengthening of America as a nation. Thus, the events in the 1950s have developed within American society the optimist, activist, and liberal American nation in the 1960s. Thus, the 1960s is characterized as the era of American movements: the civil rights, women, youth, and environmental movements.
Apart from the Cold War, America also experienced battling an emerging nuclear war with the development of the Cuban Missile Crisis under John F. Kennedy's administration. During this event, America battled an emerging nuclear war against Russia, as the latter built its own missile deployments in Cuba, arousing suspicions about possible Russian nuclear attacks against the United States. However, the threat of a nuclear war was dissolved as Russia gave way to retract and remove its missile deployments in Cuba. Another significant event that contributed to the strain in the political power of the U.S. is the protest against the Vietnam War, which was still ongoing until this period. The Watergate Scandal involving President Richard Nixon affected the nation's economic performance, alongside a dwindling confidence in the government, and the end of the Cold War. The combined economic,…
American History Final Exam Stages of the American Empire Starting in the colonial period and continuing up through the Manifest Destiny phase of the American Empire in the 19th Century, the main goal of imperialism was to obtain land for white farmers and slaveholders. This type of expansionism existed long before modern capitalism or the urban, industrial economy, which did not require colonies and territory so much as markets, cheap labor and
American History Role of the United States in Europe After WWII This essay attempts to present the role of the United States of America in the reconstruction of post World War II Europe. This report also attempts to provide information regarding the covert Cold War, the formation of NATO, and the ample economic trade opportunities sought by the Americans. After the successful D-Day invasion of Normandy Beach, it did not take much longer
Based on Thumim's work, it is possible to suggest that the reason John Fitzgerald Kennedy won the White House had little to do with his wealth, his brains, the party's backing, his WWII heroism or even his obviously intelligent wife. In view of Thumim's claims, it is possible to conclude that a nation of devalued women -- 'put down' on television sitcoms for more than a decade -- were
American History -- journal In the September 2000 issue of the highly-prestigious history journal American Heritage, the main topic of discussion has to do with "Tales From the Cold War," a period in American history following World War II when the U.S. And the Soviet Union were engaged in detente and threats related to the use of nuclear weapons. The first article, "The Day We Shot Down the U-2" by Sergei Khrushchev,
Great War in American history does not signify any greatness for the disastrous affects it left behind. The aftermath of the civil war had been damaging for the Americans, which resulted in their rebuking the African-Americans, with a biased attitude towards their slavery. The book 'A lesson before Dying' emphasis on such a community, where the outcome of the wars were still hanging on their shoulders, yet it was
Furthermore, as a result of these conditions there was a general failure of black business and entrepreneurships. "Black businesses failed, crushing the entrepreneurial spirit that had been an essential element of the Negro Renaissance." (the Great Depression: A History in the Key of Jazz) However this did not crush the general spirit of the African-American people and there was a resurgence of black culture and enterprise in area such as