¶ … prohibiting employee discrimination based on sexual orientation.
Sexual Orientation Defined
As the new assistant to the human resources director, I would define the term sexual orientation as an individual's patterns of romantic, sexual and emotional attraction, as well as his/her sense of social and personal identity founded on these attractions. The sexual orientation of an individual is no black-and-white aspect. Rather, it lies across a continuum, and undivided attraction towards the same and opposite sexes lies on opposite ends of this continuum. Homosexuality (attraction towards individuals of one's own gender), heterosexuality (attraction towards people belonging to the opposite gender) and bisexuality (being attracted towards individuals of either gender) represent the three sexual orientation categories most widely discussed. However, they are, in no way, the sole categories of sexual classification labels across the globe (Sexual Orientation -- Psychology Today). (For instance, the umbrella term 'queer' is helpful for being non-specific to orientation). Not many subjects are debated as hotly as that of how an individual's sexual orientation is determined. Though a majority of scientists accept the fact that 'nurture' as well as 'nature' have complex roles to play, factors underlying sexual orientation remain poorly understood. Modern-day studies into its bases often revolve around the role played by genes, hormones, the environment, and one's mental structure.
Sexual orientation denotes...
It has a fairly significant role to play with regard to the American principle of constitutionalism, in a manner of speaking. In case of countries that need to be run over man by a fellow man, the challenge is doing it such that the government as well as the governed are effectively controlled. Constitutionalism, in the U.S., is based on the idea the government's aim is protection of individual liberties and preservation of the natural rights of humanity (Rosenbloom, et.al, 2010 page 11). One such liberty that must be safeguarded is sexual orientation. It is forbidden to discriminate against employees on grounds of one's perceived or actual sexual orientation, gender expression or gender identity (Personnel Directive). The state governmental FEHA (Fair Employment and Housing Act) currently safeguards a worker's gender expression, sexual orientation, or gender identity from illegal employment discrimination. Our company's employees can now lodge their complaints within a year of being sexually discriminated with their Bureau, the State FEHA department,…
(n.d.). City of Los Angeles Board of Public Works. Personnel Directive. Retrieved June 16, 2016, from http://bpw.lacity.org/MES/dpwmm/pd/pd058.pdf
(n.d.). Employment Law - FindLaw. Sexual Orientation Discrimination in the Workplace - FindLaw. Retrieved June 16, 2016, from http://employment.findlaw.com/employment-discrimination/sexual-orientation-discrimination-in-the-workplace.html
(n.d.). Psychology Today: Health, Help, Happiness + Find a Therapist. Sexual Orientation -- Psychology Today. Retrieved June 16, 2016, from http://www.psychologytoday.com/basics/sexual-orientation
Kraft, M. E., & Furlong, S. R. (2015). Public Policy: Politics, Analysis, and Alternatives (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: CQ Press.
But domestic violence has not been eliminated. Nor have other discriminatory traditions, such as polygamy. "Although the practice of polygamy is declining, it continues to be a threat to women, as it undermines a woman's dignity, perpetuates notions of male dominance, and above all creates domestic environments where women become vulnerable to abuse because they are in the difficult position of agreeing to their husbands' marriage or asking for
If police, along with others in society, perceive high risk sex offenders as humans who possess the potential to be rehabilitated, then incidences of possible discrimination against these individuals might decrease. This in turn, the researcher contends, could contribute to incidences of sexual offences being prevented and/or reduced. Even though the researcher never generally cared about how high risk sex offenders felt, the conviction that discrimination is wrong over-rode
Indeed, the most serious health issue related to domestic violence of course is mortality, and the California Women's Law Center (CWLC) conducted a survey of 100 murders of women by their male intimate partners. The results are very germane for those interested in health-related gender fairness through the law in California. CWLC found that in 59% of the surveyed cases of women homicide victims the murder was not the first
Transgender Employment Discrimination There is a growing body of evidence that transgender individuals frequently experience some type of discrimination during the employment process in the United States today. Although there are only a few high-profile cases, there are a significant number of employment claims being asserted. In terms of numbers, the high was reached in 1994 when almost 92,000 discrimination charges were filed with the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Since that
Sexual Orientation Discrimination Discrimination can be carried out in the work place through many different ways. Federal and state laws go on to prohibit employers from carrying out unfair practices like hiring or terminating on the basis of religion, race, sex, national origin, physical disability or origin. All these are factors about a person that can be used either in his favor or against him. Some states have also declared employment
Goodyear which effectively denied employees the right to sue for wage discrimination after the passing of 180 days that "Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg was so incensed she read her scathing dissent aloud from the bench. She defended Lilly Ledbetter's right to sue her employer, Goodyear Tire & Rubber Co., Inc. For pay discrimination on the basis of sex, giving a not-so-gentle reminder of the realities of the American workplace."