Autism Home-Based Treatment of Young Children Article Review

Excerpt from Article Review :

Autism: Home-Based Treatment of Young Children

Over time, research findings have shown that behavioral intervention (intensive) instituted early enough impacts significantly on the trajectory (developmental) of children having autism. In a big way, such findings have informed quite a number of treatment programs targeting youngsters with autism. Some of the main approaches that have been adopted as far as the treatment of autism is concerned include the school-based approach, the center-based approach and the home-based approach. In this text, I concern myself with treatment (home-based) of children with autism.

According to Sheinkopf and Siegel (1998), parents and professionals have often encountered difficulties formulating appropriate treatment approaches for youngsters with autism. This is mainly as a result of the variations that exist when it comes to the treatment of the condition. Indeed, Sheinkopf and Siegel (1998) note that many children with autism end up receiving a cocktail of modalities in regard to treatment.

According to Volkmar et al. (2005), home-based treatment approaches comprise of programs in which the delivery of a significant portion of the initial instructional hours of a child is done at home. It can be noted that this definition sets apart home-based treatment from other programs i.e. The school-based approach or the center-based approach. In the latter approaches, the majority of the youngster's instructional hours take place in another setting other than the home setting. As Volkmar et al. (2005) note, youngsters with autism who access the home-based treatment are later on in the course of their treatment immersed in a school setting. This effectively facilitates their integration into a setting that is relatively normalized.

As I have mentioned above, the main characteristic of a home-based treatment approach remains that a significant amount of work (initial) with the youngster with autism is undertaken in the home setting. However, it should be noted that beyond this primary feature, there exists a wide range of variations in terms of service delivery including but not in any way limited to having parents avail instruction to the youngster with autism other than seeking the services of service providers. For instance, we can have some families relying entirely on service providers to deliver the child's instruction. In some other cases, parents choose to provide the child's entire instruction. This is more so the case in scenarios where a given family has limited resources effectively making it impossible for such a family to hire professional staff.

Home-based treatment approaches have quite a number of benefits in comparison to the school-based and the center-based approaches. For instance, for most children with autism, the need for consistent and intensive intervention cannot be overstated. This intervention consistency in is indeed what optimizes benefits (Volkmar et al. 2005). In such a case, each moment of the youngster's day can be infused with performance incentives as well as expectations…

Sources Used in Document:


Schopler, E. & Mesibov, G.B. (1984). The Effects of Autism on the Family. Springer.

Sheinkopf, S.J. & Siegel, B. (1998). Home-Based Behavioral Treatment of Young Children with Autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 28 (1), 15-16, 22.

Volkmar, F.R., Paul, R., Klin, A. & Cohen, D.J. (2005). Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Assessment, Interventions, and Policy. John Wiley and Sons.

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