Autism Essays (Examples)

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Are you writing an essay on autism and need further assistance to help get your writers block in check?  For starters, you should know the definition of Autism, which is a mental condition usually diagnosed in early childhood which causes a child to have difficulty with language and forming relationships.  Our autism essay examples will help you complete your paper by providing you with quality titles, topics, thesis statements, outlines, introductions, conclusions, and resources on this topic.

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Autistic Children and the Effect

Words: 2503 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 36537320

1) Connor (2002) states that studies report findings that mothers of children with Autism "who showed greater satisfaction" in life were those "who made the clearest redefinitions and who were most willing to follow alternative ways of gaining self-fulfillment." (p. 1)

II. EFFECTS on LIFE of FAMILY in NORMAL ACTIVITIES

In the work entitled: 'Autism and the Family" reported is a study conducted in a 12th grade classroom at 'Our Lady of Loures High School through survey instruments completed by the children of mothers with autistic children in the age range of 4 to 36 years of age. This study reports that family outings "can be quite an ordeal for these families." (Hart, nd, p.1) for instance, when these families go on an outing, in families where it is possible two cars travel to the outing in case the child needs to be suddenly removed from the public setting due…… [Read More]

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Greenspan, Stanley I. (2008) Understanding Autism. Parent & Child. 2008. Online available at: http://www2.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=10118

Parents of Autistic Children Twice as Likely to be Mentally Ill (2008) Fox News 5 May 2008. Online available at: http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,354192,00.html?sPage=fnc/health/mentalhealth

Autistic Spectrum Disorders: Best Practice Guidelines for Screening, Diagnosis and Assessment (2002) California Department of Developmental Services: 2002. Online available at: http://www.athealth.com/Consumer/disorders/Autism.html

Gold N. 1993 Depression and social adjustment in siblings of boys with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 23 147-163
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Autistic Disorder Dana Keith Beth

Words: 936 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57571597

The moral of the article's story is that teachers of autistic children with limited spoken languages may indeed need more training to get the most out of their students.

Still on the subject of therapy for autistic children, another article in the journal Autism (Vismara, et al. 2009) reports that professionally led training sessions with the parents of autistic children were helpful in getting the children to respond and communicate. The study was a 12-week research investigation, one hour per week; and what took place was the parents of eight "toddlers" (who had been diagnosed with autism) were brought together with their children and therapists. These parents were taught how to implement "naturalistic therapeutic techniques" based on the "Early Start Denver Model" (ESDM) (Vismara 93). The ESDM model focuses on "creating an affectively warm and rich environment to foster positive relationships between children and adults" (Vismara 99). The training with…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Chiang, Hus-Min. (2009). Naturalistic observations of elicited expressive communication

Of children with autism. Autism, 13(2), 165-178.

Donovan, Susan. Entrepreneur Thorkil Sonne on what you can learn from employees

With autism. Harvard Business Review, 86(9), 32-32.
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Autistic Spectrum

Words: 921 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 61424136

Autism is a very complex neurodevelopmental disorder previously classified in the diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders -- fourth edition -- text revision (DSM -- IV -- T) as a pervasive developmental disorder (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). In 2013 the diagnostic scheme for pervasive developmental disorders was changed and that term was deleted from the DSM-5 (APA, 2013). The new designation became Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD's) and now represents a heterogeneous set of disorders that clinically present as a spectrum of developmental issues ranging from severe cognitive impairment to functional cognitive impairment. The diagnosis of ASD replaces the previous diagnoses of autistic disorder (often called autism), Asperger's disorder, childhood disintegrative disorder, and the rather vague category of pervasive developmental disorder that is not otherwise specified (APA, 2013). ASD's are characterized by varying levels of deficits in social skills (these skills are identified as being deficits in skills of…… [Read More]

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2000). The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders -- fourth edition -- text revision. Washington DC: Author.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders -- fifth edition. Washington DC: Author.

Jain, A., Marshall, J., Buikema, A., Bancroft, T., Kelly, J.P., & Newschaffer, C.J. (2015).

Autism occurrence by MMR vaccine status among U.S. children with older siblings with and without autism. JAMA, 313(15), 1534-1540.
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Autistic Children

Words: 1703 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47452496

Mirror Neuron Dysfunction in Autistic Disorder

Autistic disorder is characterized by impairments in communication and social interaction. Autistic children also often display restricted behaviors and repetitive behaviors. These signs of autism usually appear before the age of three. The inability to display empathy and imitate others in autism, a skill crucial to learning communication and social skills, has been hypothesized to result from defects in the mirror neuron system (Williams, Whiten, Suddendorf, & Perrett, 2001). The role of mirror neuron system and how dysfunctions in this system may relate to the deficits observed in autistic disorder are discussed.

Mirror neurons fire when animals or people act or observe the same action performed by another. In humans, brain activity consistent with that of mirror neurons is located the premotor cortex, the supplementary motor area, the primary somatosensory cortex, and the inferior parietal cortex (izzolatti & Craighereo, 2004). There are two chief…… [Read More]

References

Dawson, G., Toth, K., Abbott, R., Osterling, J., Munson, J., Estes, A., & Liaw, J. (2004). Early Social Attention Impairments in Autism: Social Orienting, Joint Attention, and Attention to Distress. Developmental Psychology, 40, (2), 271 -- 283.

Hadjikhani, N., Joseph, R.M., Snyder, J., & Tager-Flusberg, H. (2006). Anatomical Differences in the Mirror Neuron System and Social Cognition Network in Autism. Cerebral Cortex, 16, 1276-1282.

Receveur, C., Lenoir, P., Desombre, H., Roux, S., Barthelemy, C., & Malvy, J. (2005). Interaction and imitation deficits from infancy to 4 years of age in children with autism: a pilot study based on videotapes. Autism, 9, (1), 69-82.

Rizzolatti, G. & Craighereo, L. (2004). The mirror neuron system. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 27, 169 -- 192.
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Autistic Child Behavior

Words: 580 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 99845352

FBA Assessment

The author of this report has been asked to review and assess a functional behavior assessment that was completed for a patient. Within this brief summary, the behavior itself and the function of the same behavior will be analyzed and summarized. Parts of the description will include the background of the student, a narrative description of the behavior, the setting or settings within which the behavior occurs, the frequency of the behavior, the intensity of the behavior, the duration of the behavior, previous attempted interventions and the educational impact of all of the above. For the function of the behavior, this would include the affective regulation/emotional reactivity, the cognitive distortion, the reinforcement, the modeling, the family issues, the psychological/constitutional issues, the communicative need and curriculum/instruction facets of the behaviors and outcomes thus far. While the situation with the student could be much worse, there are some troubling signs…… [Read More]

Sources

Check all that apply x ( Observation | x ( Student Interview |x
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How to Communicate With an Autistic Child

Words: 2698 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17753980

Autism is one of the most severe and disruptive of all childhood disorders - a level of disruption that of course lasts well into adulthood. With both genetic and environmental elements at work, autism (which affects boys at least three times more often than girls and is found in all races and throughout the world) is a communicative disorder that interferes with an individual's ability to form social relationships as well as to communicate with others.

The inability to communicate easily with others is devastating for many children with autism. Being disconnected from other members of the human community is always a difficult condition, but it is especially difficult to the young. An adult who finds himself or herself unable to communicate will already have established connections with other people.

But a child with autism often has the greatest possible difficulties communicating and so establishing those connections to begin with.…… [Read More]

References

Einfeld, S., & Tonge, B. (1994). The Developmental Behavior Checklist: The development and validation of an instrument to assess behavioral and emotional disturbance in children and adolescents with mental retardation. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 25, 81-101. http://www.behavior.org/autism/index.cfm?page=http%3A//www.behavior.org/autism/autism_causes.cfm http://cecp.air.org/fba/default.htm

Koegel, R., Rincover, A., & Egel, A. (1982). Educating and Understanding Autistic Children. San Diego: College-Hill.

Kozloff, M. (1983). Reaching the autistic child: A parent teaching program. Cambridge, MA: Brookline Books.

Paluszny, M. (1979). Autism: A Practical Guide for Parents and Professionals. NY: Syracuse University Press.
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Stress Impact an Autistic Child

Words: 1492 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74982274



One study examined the impact that spiritual or religious faith had on families with autistic children. In this study 49 families of autistic children were examined for signs of stress either psychologically, emotionally or health wise. The study looked at participants who had autistic children between the ages of 4 and 20 years old. The study concluded that parents who have a strong religious or spiritual faith and support from religious groups showed a stress level that was no higher than families that do not have an autistic child (Pargament, 2001). The study attributed part of this contentment to the belief by parents that a higher power placed the autistic child in their life for a reason and he or she was one of God's gifts designed for that family. In addition, the support socially and emotionally that the parents derived from religious belonging helped the parents feel less alone…… [Read More]

References

Religious coping in families of children with autism.

Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities; 12/22/2001; Pargament, Kenneth I.

Harris, S.L., & Handleman, J.S. (1994). Preschool education programs for children with autism. Austin, TX: PRO-ED.

Haworth, A.M., Hill, A.E., & Glidden, A.M. (1996). Measuring religiousness of parents of children with developmental disabilities. Mental Retardation, 34(5), 271-279.
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Inclusion on Autistic Children the Inclusion of

Words: 2136 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55360248

Inclusion on Autistic Children

The inclusion of autistic children raises some important questions concerning the effects of inclusion, not only on the autistic child, but also on the entire classroom. Children with autistic spectrum disorders ranging from Kanners syndrome to Ausbergers Syndrome sometimes find external stimulation to be excruciating. e must then question the logic of placing them in an environment where their bodies must constantly result to the defensive behaviors, so characteristic in autistic children. e must question whether treating them like everyone else will make them healthy, happy adults, or will they have sacrificed a special education tailored to their needs in order to satisfy social trends of today? ould inclusion be beneficial to the mildly effected? hat are the effects of inclusion on the children in the classroom without special needs? Another important question is the measurement of our progress. Do we use improvement in grades, or…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Gray, Peter (2002) Rethinking Support for Inclusive Schools. Dfee/Nasen supported research in progress. National Association for Special Needs (NASEN) http://www.nasen.org.uk/reports/01 / Accessed February 2002.

Simpson, Ian (2001) Support for Inclusive Schooling. Hummersknott School -- S.E.N.- Effective Inclusion.

http://www.standards.dfes.gov.uk/beaconschools/hummersk/987687326 / accessed February, 2002.

National Autistic Society (2001) Inclusion and autism: is it working? www.nas.org.uk accessed February 2002.
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Assistive Devices for Autistic Student

Words: 533 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 15590718

his device utilizes two 3-volt batteries and has a battery self-tester. he recorded messages not lost when the battery is changed. his item weighs about two ounces and has also a one year warranty.

his item costs $29.95. (http://test.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=113583&top=0&productid=113886&trail=0) S. similar device is known as Medical Medallion, and it is manufactured for the same purpose. It has the same easy-playback and update options, the same word capacity, the same storage features, and so forth. he only noticeable difference is that the Medical Medallion has a leather cover.

Although in essence these are functionally the same, the Medical Medallion, is $49.95, a full $20 more expensive. (http://test.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=113583&top=0&productid=113887&trail=0) fully recommend this device for the student. However, I know that the parent will push for the more expensive item to be purchased, even though it is not in the best interest of the child. he devices are functionally the same, and only have…… [Read More]

This item costs $29.95. (http://test.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=113583&top=0&productid=113886&trail=0) S. similar device is known as Medical Medallion, and it is manufactured for the same purpose. It has the same easy-playback and update options, the same word capacity, the same storage features, and so forth. The only noticeable difference is that the Medical Medallion has a leather cover.

Although in essence these are functionally the same, the Medical Medallion, is $49.95, a full $20 more expensive. (http://test.abledata.com/abledata.cfm?pageid=113583&top=0&productid=113887&trail=0) fully recommend this device for the student. However, I know that the parent will push for the more expensive item to be purchased, even though it is not in the best interest of the child. The devices are functionally the same, and only have he difference of aesthetics. I will explain to the parent that although the more expesnsive item is also functional, there is no reason to spend the extra money which could instead be put towards other learning aids for the student.

In our consumerist society, it is easy to get drawn into the idea that a more expensive product is a better one. However, this is often, as in this case, far from the truth.
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Applied Behavior Analysis and Autistic Children

Words: 629 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90564857

Target Behavior and ABA

A target behavior, according to Volpe, DiPerna, Hintze and Shapiro (2005), should give an accurate description and definition of the behavior; it should also be positive and have boundaries. The target behavior identified for this study is for the autistic child to obey verbal commands. The method used to define this target and to assess treatment are several: rating scales, observation, IQ tests as well as "the social-cultural-physical environment" in which the child lives, can all be utilized (Ollendick, Cerny, 2010, p. 33).

Internal, external and social validity are ways to determine the nature of the target behavior and the experiment surrounding it. Internal validity is when a cause-and-effect relationship is determined between the independent and the dependent variables. The way an experiment is designed will help to identify if the case has internal validity, though there might also be unanticipated factors impacting the results that…… [Read More]

References

Mohammadzaheri, F., Koegel, L., Rezaee, M., Rafiee, S. (2014). A randomized clinical trial comparison between pivotal response treatment (PRT) and structure applied behavior analysis (ABA) intervention for children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44(11): 2769-2777.

Ollendick, T., Cerny, J. (2010). Clinical Behavior Therapy with Children. NY: Plenum

Press.

Volpe, R., DiPerna, J., Hintze, J., Shapiro, E. (2005). Observing students in classroom
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Developing IEP for Autistic Child

Words: 551 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 8017794

IEP for Autistic Child

Although a lot of the work needed to be done will occur in the classroom and at school, it is crucial that Cody's parents remain engaged in the process so that they can continue working with Cody on developing the skills he is learning at school. Empirical research has shown how much more successful strategies are for autistic children when their parents are involved in the process. Thus, Cody's parents need to collaborate with school officials and work in close consort with one another in order to provide the most fruitful atmosphere for Cody's improvement.

First, Cody's family needs to be actively engaged in developing functional skills, including social, behavioral, and language skills. Thus, Cody's parents will be invited to meet the language pathologist, counselor, and special needs assistant that will be working with Cody in the classroom. Each week, the staff's plans for Cody's development…… [Read More]