Case Study On Psychology Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Psychology Type: Essay Paper: #96297233 Related Topics: Positive Psychology, School Psychology, Depression, Study Guide
Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … treating depression is cognitive therapy which was developed by American psychologists Martin Seligman (1991), Albert Ellis (1975) and Aaron Beck (1976) (an American psychiatrist). Several research studies have established that cognitive therapy is specifically efficient in treating depression as well as the prevention of relapse and the reduction of withdrawal symptoms concerned with therapy (Ball, n.d). According to Beck (1976), cognitive response is founded on two major concepts:

The depressed individuals possess a regular negative prejudice in their thoughts.

The manner in which the happenings are understood sustains the depression.

Cognitive therapy generally mentions that it is not the circumstance only, but instead the manners in which individuals understand it which determines their specific feelings. The cognitive design depends upon the ABC model;

Adverse situations: This might be an abstraction or real. The visualized occurrences could result to similar responses as the real and actual ones. Hence if individuals believe that they are undergoing rejection, in that case they shall in fact respond as if they are actually undergoing rejection.

Beliefs and thoughts: Automatic thoughts refer to ideas or images that quickly pop up in the mind as a form of response to the daily occurrences. They are comprised of quick sentences or expressions that have been practiced quite appropriately and they almost pass without the notice of many. They might be POSITIVE (in this case, Beck describes this as adaptive, sensible and goal directed) or NEGATIVE that possesses a tendency of distortion, unproductiveness and working against the satisfaction of the objectives.

Consequences: This entails behaviors and feelings.

The objective is to assist Ana deal with depression via comprehension of the three elements of cognitive therapy according to Beck:


The Cognitive Triad:

It deals with the prejudiced and negative ideas that the individual has concerning himself, his encounters and the future. Several signs and symptoms of depression could describe the Cognitive Triad. For example, poor motivation could be seen to develop from helplessness as well as doubt. It is not easy for one to dedicate themselves to certain goals if all they are anticipating are negative results. According to Martin Seligman (1991), helplessness refers to a situation wherein an individual feels that nothing one does influences what shall happen to them. This is contrary to the feeling of personal control. Majority of the things in life are beyond our control: the color of our eyes, civil wars in certain nations, our race, and so much more. However, there exist a great and an untaken territory of things over which individuals can have substantial control. Some of these entail the manner through which we conduct our lives, how we cope with others and many more. Our ideas are just responses to events and occurrences in our day-to-day lives (Ball, n.d).

2. Underlying beliefs or silent assumptions:

These refer to the interpretive regulations or in other words templates created for early encounters that result to the day-to-day ideas or thoughts of individuals. They develop from the messages parents communicate to their children, from friends, from school teachers in addition to other important individuals in their lives. The influence that is possessed by the messages of parents to their children's self-esteem has currently garnered a lot of interest. It is now a subject of…

Sources Used in Documents:


Ball J. (n.d.). Thinking your way out of depression. Retrieved 10 August 2015 from

Ellis, A., & Harper, R.A. (1975). A new guide to rational living. Englewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall.

Seligman, M.E.P. (1991). Learned optimism. New York: A.A. Knopf.

Beck, A.T. (1976). Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press.

Cite this Document:

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