Cecilia Grierson Term Paper

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Cecilia Grierson

The roles which women perform in society are varied and these roles are usually not being considered influential or remain unnoticed. Particularly those roles which are inclined towards religion remain not been put to question. For a long duration of the Argentinean history, religion has been having an undue influence. An optimistic effect on the outlook and ethics of the community of Argentina, realized over several decades was through the arrival of foreign ideas through immigration. Main significance of women is even now her responsibility as wife and mother. Genuine contributions of educated feminists of the early generation are for ascertaining Argentina's place among the international society of feminists and making a gauge of educational liberty for women. When one studies the proceedings in totality, there is certainly a fulfillment that women of Argentina have achieved much, even though Cecilia Grierson was the first among woman to have graduated from South America. She undertook a very austere professional and educational practice, and has put in lot of effort for the development of the Argentine society and the education of the Argentine women. Doctor Cecilia Grierson assumed a position as the representative of a stable and practical feminism. She hailed from Buenos Aires and was born on 22 November 1859 from a couple one of whom was Irish and other was a Scot. She spent most of her childhood days in the field, initially in Uruguay and later with her father in the area of Rivers. (Cecilia Grierson: Medical)

Cecilia Grierson was sent to Buenous Aires for study, but the finances were in shambles and hence she had to return back. When her father expired, she had to travel way back to Buenos Aires in a fight for survival along with her mother and small brothers. She worked as a governess in a wealthy family. When she was 13 she began giving tuitions in rural areas. In 1873 she came back to her wealthy setup and founded a rural school there, in which she worked hard as a teacher for 3 long years. In 1878, when she was 19, she came out with flying colors in her graduation from the Normal School of Teachers of Buenos Aires, located in the Buenosairean district of Cabins and almost immediately, she was offered a position in a school for men folks by Sarmiento, an important person of the policy and education during those times. (Cecilia Grierson: Medical)

When she turned 18, the Domingo, Director of an institution lead by Sarmiento, enrolled her in the Mixed School of San Cristobal and this enabled her to bring back her family to Buenos Aires. At that juncture, she intuitively knew that her field was medicine. She proceeded with her teaching, but the disease of her friend and companion, Amelia Kenig was particularly very decisive in being determined of being medical, although no woman had the guts to take up such a competition. When she was 23, she enrolled the Medicine Faculty of the University of Buenos Aires. As a student alongside she established in the vicinities of the Argentine Medical Circle, the first school of Nurses of the country, an organization that she lead until 1913. (Biography of the first medical Argentinean, Cecilia Grierson)

The identity and the path of Cecilia Grierson, first woman in the field of Medicine from Argentina are linked with the great positions of a group of women who in Latin America and the Caribbean fought to dismantle obstructions in the midst of the ignorance and the indifference of the existent time. They turned out to be the first college students. In the decades of the Seventy and eighty of 20th century Latin America witnessed significant changes in economy and culture and the laws and agreeable reforms that enabled women's free access to education were enforced. During this period grammar schools were founded. And most of the times, the training programs in these training centers was very elementary in nature. One among these institutions which gave elementary training was for women to make them learn to read and write and, at the most, to have a basic knowledge of Arithmetic and language, to implement with poise and grit as wives and mothers. (Biographical Dictionary of Argentina Women, 32)

During the time of 1882 she took a decision to study medicine. A
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legal nuance blocked the entrance of women in to the area of medicine. She took a very bold decision to get permission for women and she went on to get authorization for her decision. Without losing heart in anyway by the impediments that she had to meet in course of time, she got a special privilege for women from the legal authorities. Preceding her, another woman, Elida Passo (1867-1893), had set foot into the Faculty of Medicine to compete in the race for pharmacy, coming out with flying colors in that branch in 1885. (Cecilia Grierson: Medical)

But pitiably, when Elida Passo was taking part in the fifth year of medicine, she fell ill seriously and passed away without completing her graduation. Grierson proceeded with her studies in a circumstance of censures, malicious opinions and jeering. In spite of all these obstacles, she laid stress on becoming an outstanding student, attained success in the position of histologia and honorem of the Faculty. The thesis study she made on Histero Ovariotomias degree, implemented in the Hospital of Women from 1883 to 1889, came out as a result of these experiences. During the time of 1885, she was deemed the assistant of laboratory of Histologia and medical instructor in the Public Attention. (Cecilia Grierson: Medical)

During the time of 1886, when a massive epidemic struck Buenos Aires she enrolled herself in the "House of Isolation" and had a brainwave for the first time about the requirement to gather auxiliary personnel to the doctor. The very same year she established a school of Nurses, which by the time of 1891 drew the public attention. During the time of 1888 she became the medical instructor in the Rivadavia hospital, this fact turned out to be out of the way, more than its very presence in the competition. During the time of 1889 she came out with graduation in the field of medicine with the analytical thesis on gynecology as mentioned earlier and got from the Maxima authority of the Medicine School of the University of Buenos Aires, the esteemed title of medical surgeon and then after that she began her work in the hospital of Mejia Branches. (Biographical Dictionary of Argentina Women, 33)

Grierson took up an austere and enduring educational activity, to the same extent in the primary and secondary like under the technical and university scope. She inculcated her education stubbornly and she pursued the study of puericultura (health analytical study and the concerns of children that must be taken care of during the initial years of their life) and was the precedent of the sordomudos and blind education. During this time, she realized the requirement to make as a profession the practice of the hospital, after her experiences, as much in the Clinic of Vaccination and established the Red Cross in 1891 when there was an outrage of the smallpox epidemic. This particular project precipitated in 1891 with the building of the School of Nurses of the Argentine Medical circle. (Biography of the first medical Argentinean, Cecilia Grierson)

As a one who lead the way in the educational field of first aid, especially for accident cases, in 1892 she established the Argentina Society of First aid, an organization that performed a great feat of promoting multiple courses, conferences and publications. Transportation by the government leads her to travel to Europe and as a result of her observations the National council of Education institutionalized the curriculum for professional schools. That served as the subject of her book of technical education for women. She made an analytical study of the treatment methods for the blind and sordodumos and in Buenos Aires she set up the Blind Institute. In Paris she attended the best clinics of obstetrics and gynecology. As a result, she made known the study of puericultura in the schools and established the national obstetrical association. (Biographical Dictionary of Argentina Women, 34)

Side by side, Grierson took care of classes of anatomy in the Academy of Beautiful Arts, and took charge of its deemed psicopedagogico doctor's office that was devoted to treatment of childhood retardation. In 1900 the National Council of Women was established by her. Adding up to this she was given the designation of professor of anatomy in the National School of Beautiful Arts and the Chairperson of Obstetrics. During the time of 1897, her book 'Practical Massage' reached out to ample fans and turned out to be the predecessor of kinesiologica Literature in Spanish language. Adding up to this in 1904 it provided for, in the Medicine of Faculty of Buenos Aires, the initial courses of Kinesiterapia, that make up the most important predecessor of the Argentine kinesiologia. (Biography…

Sources Used in Documents:


Biographical Dictionary of Argentina Women," Insipid Lily of Newton. Extreme Extra, 1988. p.32

Biography of the first medical Argentinean, Cecilia Grierson." Retrieved from www.medicos-municipales.org.ar/titu41199.htm. Accessed on 11/14/2003

Carlson.M. "Feminismo: TheWoman's Movement in Argentina from Its Beginnings to Eva Peron." 1988, pp. 7-10.

Cecilia Grierson: Medical. www.argiropolis.com.ar/ameghino/biografias/grier.htm. Accessed on 11/14/2003

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