God has created every person with different nature and interests that builds ones personality. The idea of studying different personalities was proposed in 1920s by some of the famous scholars and scientists. Carl Jung was the first scholar who described the Psychological Types. He categorized people as extroverted and introverted. People with extroverted personality are more oriented towards external world and goes through new experiences whereas the introvert personalities are more oriented towards internal worlds and memories. Later on, Jung identified other differences in the personalities and named them functions which are now called as Cognitive Processes.
Types of Cognitive Processes
The extroverts and introverts deal with the world in their own style. According to Jung there are four main styles that are sensing, intuition, thinking and feeling. Jung categorized these four types under two main headings perception and judgment.
Perception -- (Sensation and Intuition)
Judgment -- (Thinking and Feeling)
Every person whether with dominant extroversion or introversion has one of these functions so in total there are eight kinds of cognitive processes. They are named as:
Though, later Myers Brigg continued the Jung's study and added cognition opposites so making in total 16 types. Myers also developed a questionnaire to assess the personality type.
Here in this paper we will discuss the first three cognitive processes. However, before we go in detail of these cognitive processes, let's have an idea about sensing and intuition.
Some of the people have strong senses and they process information well by means of their senses. These people are good at observation and listening and thus lie...
This means of dealing with the world focuses on large amount of complex information and then act upon them. According to Jung, it is the quality in a person to look in the corners of any picture.
Rest of the two functions relate to the category of judgment i.e. feeling and thinking. All these four functions vary in every person that can be assigned 4 letter code. (Boeree, 2006)
This personality function allows a person to process their life through their experiences. People with this dominant feature take keen interest in what they see, smell, touch, hear and taste. They don't have a futuristic approach rather live in only present. The personality types with dominant extraverted sensing function are ESTP and ESFP.
ESTP are usually known for being the "Persuader." They love action and follow "here and now" strategy. People with this type have excellent people skills, easily adapt changes in the environment, informal risk taking and often not agree with the rules and regulations. They want to get over with any task as soon as they can and so finishes their work quickly. Overall, they are friendly and social but they have a dominating personality and so like to direct and lead other people.
ESFP are known as the "Entertainer." People with this type are more cooperative and follow "here and now" strategy. Enjoy adventures and excitement but don't want to experience it alone rather love to show it to others. They like to be center of attention by putting themselves on the show.
This function of sensing allows a person to memorize detailed information and then be able to compare it with the current scenarios or data. So, people with this function in dominance, search out for the connection between the past and the present. ISTJ and ISFJ are its main personality types.
ISTJ are known as the "Examiner." They are loyal, hardworking and responsible people. They stick to the norms and traditions and work with sincerity for preserving them. However, due to their dutiful nature they become dependable at times.
ISFJ are kind, loyal, quiet and traditional. They observe the environment closely and have deep thoughts and emotional. They want to follow only the set traditions and norms. They have an exceptional piece of memory; even they are usually…
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