... Parents' expectations had a strong and positive direct effect on adolescents' expectations and indirect effects through school-based parental involvement and through students' high school involvement. (Trusty, 2002) Among Asian-Americans, for example, cultural pressure discourages women from seeking any meaningful outlet outside the home. Women are saddled with the responsibility of perpetuating patriarchal cultural traditions. African-American women, as well, depend very largely for success upon positive encouragement from their community i.e. parents, friends, teachers, etc. Community involvement in positive goal development, considerably increases the likelihood that African-American women will set higher goals for themselves, achieve considerably more that at present in the way of education and career. Everywhere, culture shapes women's career choices and opportunities. In some cultures and sub-cultures, those influences are more negative than in others.
All in all, African-American girls appeared to be positively influenced in almost every measure of achievement, if those desirable behaviors were reinforced by positive group interactions. Such a study presents clear evidence that the psychology of the group, and the assumptions made by society, play a large and significant role in shaping opportunities for African-American women. Those who do not have the support of their families, friends, and educators, will not receive the encouragement necessary to make the proper choices in regard to career. They will not pursue the education that is required for advancement to positions with higher earnings potential. Even more likely, lacking sufficient encouragement, young African-American girls will find themselves locked into unfulfilling "careers" that bring little in the way of personal or community reward.
Women's career development presents issues absent from the same kinds of strictly career choices made by most men. A woman's choices are often determined by powerful social and cultural forces that shape her decisions in accordance with frequently false assumptions in regard to women's needs, abilities, and aspirations. Many times, women must forego entry into traditionally male-dominated fields. They advance more slowly up through the ranks of management in the corporate world. It is not unusual for women to cast their careers in a subsidiary role to children and partners. As a result, a woman's career path is more often interrupted - and ultimately destroyed - as she sacrifices for the benefit of her husband or partner's career. The prejudices that operate against almost all women are far worse for members of many ...
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Among Asian-Americans, for example, cultural pressure discourages women from seeking any meaningful outlet outside the home. Women are saddled with the responsibility of perpetuating patriarchal cultural traditions. African-American women, as well, depend very largely for success upon positive encouragement from their community i.e. parents, friends, teachers, etc. Community involvement in positive goal development, considerably increases the likelihood that African-American women will set higher goals for themselves, achieve considerably more that at present in the way of education and career. Everywhere, culture shapes women's career choices and opportunities. In some cultures and sub-cultures, those influences are more negative than in others.
Communication and Gender in Movies Cinematic Gender Communication Gender plays a fairly important role in regards to communication and its effectiveness and nuances. This fact is largely due to the immense value which people have always placed upon language, which can be thought of as a means of identifying and, in some instances, even defining what it means to be of a particular gender since "communication is thought to be, at once,
Here, people always attribute causes to actions and happenings, with the belief that everything has an explanation only if we could look deeper enough (Changing Minds, 2011). This theory serves to show how people have very different perspectives to happenings or events in the daily lives, and these varying views can easily stray into power imbalance, prejudice and such like vices ultimately affecting the communication process. Under attribution theory, there
Men tend to talk more than women do and have habit of talking over them or interrupting them when they are speaking. In the nonverbal sense, some the differences from men and women are the majority of men do not interpret body language, a nod from a woman means to a man that she agrees with what he is saying and that she is listening to what he is saying.
Gender Role Analysis How Gender is Shaped by Education How Gender is Shaped by Public Policy How Gender is Shaped in the Workplace This report discusses the role played by social institutions such as schools, workplaces and policy making institutions in the shaping of gender roles and norms in society. These institutions hold control over desired resources such as information, wealth and social progress. They control the distribution of these resources by making it
Those who have a more professional work, like a doctor or a lawyer tend to have a higher position in the society as compared with a carpenter or a waiter. A 5 occupational class scheme was discussed: 1st class is the upper level managers and professionals, 2nd class would be the medium level managers and professionals, 3rd class are the lower level office and service workers, 4th class are
Employees become frustrated and develop negative views concerning management. Any animosity that the employee may exhibit could result in workplace violence. If employees are terminated or laid off under such conditions, resentment could lead to violence (Chenier 1998)." stressful work environment can also lead to poor service and customer dissatisfaction (Waner 1995). In severe cases, problems communicating in the workplace can lead to the demise of a business or