Comparison of Humanistic Counseling Techniques to Cognitive Behavioral and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches Capstone Project

Excerpt from Capstone Project :

Counselling Techniques

Comparison of Humanistic Counselling Techniques of Cognitive (behavioral) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches

Counselling and Its Roles

Counselling Techniques

Humanistic Counselling

Cognitive / Behavioural Counselling

Neo-Psychoanalytic Counselling

Comparison of Humanistic Counselling Techniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches

Similarities ofofumanistic Cobehavioralechniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches

Differences between Humanisticbehavioralg Techniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches

Counselling is a broad subject and as such, constitutes different areas of study application and practice. Additionally it is classified using a variety of methods one being the techniques applied with reference to the practices of counselling. This paper explores the different aspects of counselling with main reference to specific techniques and their association with one another. The counselling techniques in focus here are the Humanistic, cognitive and Neo-psychoanalytic approaches whose use in the field of psychology is widespread. The section opens with an introduction, which presents an overview of what the paper entirely, entails. In this section, the paper also presents specific reason for which counselling is significant and the reason for which it emerges as a significant tool for positive change. Additionally, the paper explores the aspect of counselling as an aspect of psychology and the roles it plays. The counselling techniques follow with a brief definition of the term counselling. Also in this section, the paper addresses the different part of specific approaches to counselling, giving in depth description of the techniques. With reference to Humanistic Counselling, Cognitive / Behavioral and Neo-Psychoanalytic Techniques the paper provides definitions, features and sub-sections where applicable. The section that follows provides explores the Comparison of Human Counselling Techniques to Cognitive (behavioral) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches. Here the paper addresses the different ways in which the Humanistic Counselling Techniques complements the Cognitive/behavioral counselling approach and the Neo-Psychoanalytic counselling technique. Additionally, the paper addresses the different means by which the Humanistic approach differs from the Cognitive and Neo-Psychoanalytic mechanisms. Different aspects of counselling psychology come into play here. This discussion concludes with a summary of all the contents that are, handled within the paper


Counselling can be an effective means of enhancing change within individuals and situations, depending on the facts that present shortcomings in their relationships. The fact that it involves the generation and sometimes, maintenance of an association with another individual with whom you have no agenda with one another makes it a significant tool for change: and change to the better. Moreover, such an association creates room for those who seek counselling to have a rediscovery of who they truly, are, coupled with the capacity to achieve positive changes. There exist diverse problems and issues that require exploration through counselling. The nature of these factors varies from one issue to the other and so do the counselling processes and outcomes. Because of this, this aspect of psychology constitutes a variety of techniques and encompasses the likes of Humanistic Counselling, Cognitive counselling and Neo-Psychoanalytic counselling. Considering the use of these techniques in counselling, they possess a number of similarities, which define them. On the other hand, the techniques possess a wide range of differences considering the circumstances under which clients seek the services of the psychologists.

Counselling and Its Roles

Counselling is a confusing term sometimes. This is because it holds different meanings for different individuals and situations. Among the numerous definition of this term includes the one, which describes it simply as the act of extending advice to an individual or individuals with the aim of handling and finding solutions to personal or social issues and especially in a professional setting. Others would consider it as the process of support and directing clients, in particular, by a skilled individual on a certified basis, to determine mainly personal, social, or emotional problems and complications. Counselling has a variety of roles and depends on the scenarios under which the professional provide these services. For instance in an education or career scenario, counselling may help clients clearly define the problems that affect that as regarding their education and career goals, find means of achieving success in these scenarios and identify the areas in which they can perform to the maximum. In this case, counselling may emerge as a factor for individual or professional improvement. The role of the counselor here is to facilitate positive change and personal improvement on the part of the individual. In this context, counselling acts a powerful tool for conveying the sagacity of self-efficiency and empowerment within clients.

Counselling helps in the assessment of problems that clients present to the professional counselor. In addition, it uncovers the actual problems that individual have and which may be, expressed in other indefinable characteristics. Problems, especially those related to psychological disorders are difficult to fathom superficially. The services of counselors are therefore, necessary in such cases. Counselling paves the way through which individuals' underlying problems emerge. Moreover, it enables the management or treatment process to become a reality. Counselling, among other things, gives clients the capacity to discover several factors in their feelings, attitudes, and overall lives. This is because the phenomenon enables the clients to become open and talk freely. Because of this, counselling helps enhance more effective functioning among clients beyond the counselling sessions. It helps clients perform better when they are, left on their own to handle the issues they face in life.

Counselling Techniques

With the ever increasing knowledge and occurrence of psychological conditions in the society, the studies and acts that focus on the prevention and management of psychological issues and their outcomes. Counselling entails the skilled and principle application of relationship to enhance personality knowledge and emotional approval and growth and the best possible advancement of personal resources. The process has the goal of providing a prospect for working towards a life that is not only pleasurable but also productive. Counselling appears in a variety of forms with each of the relationships vary based on the nature of the need that emerge in the process. Additionally, other parameters like the need for personal development and the provision of the resolution to explicit issues and whose nature also governs the nature of counselling that practitioners advance. It is also imperative to understand that decision-making, personal insight development, career establishment, knowledge advancement, and the individual or group's ability to survive during crises are also subject to counselling whenever such need arises.

This aspect of psychology extensively, involves working through the emotions, inner feelings, or conflicts with the view of enhancing relationships with other and different environments. Counselling in many cases occurs in sessions with the counselor and the client(s) talking through and attempting to find solutions to the existing issues. The role of the counselor in these sessions includes facilitation where he or she controls most of the events that unfold in the process. Counsellor's works in manners that respect the values of the client, his or her self-determination, and the resources. The client on the other hand, requires cooperating by presenting the counselor with true information about his thoughts, feelings, and attitudes among other things.

Mechanisms for conducting counselling vary and, governed by diverse parameters. This is because the problems that clients present and the issues that emerge during the process are different for individuals, groups, and environments. The natures of situations under which the clients seek the services of the clients generally determine whether a counsellor would use one technique of counselling or the other. Among the counselling techniques known for the works of psychology include, Humanistic Counselling Techniques, Neo-Psychoanalytic counselling approach and the cognitive or behavioral counselling approach among others.

Humanistic Counselling

Humanistic mechanisms in counselling are significant in helping counselling clients settle on different choices from among a variety that are presented to them. Humanistic counselling in exploring the client's issues and attempting to find solutions provides the client with extensive freedom to be himself/herself, in the counselling situation as probable. In this form of counselling, the role of the counselor hinges towards the acceptance of the clients in whatever way he or she appears in addition to providing the client with direction on how to perceive his or her choices objectively. What is more, the practitioner takes care not to impose his/her views and choices of the clients with the aim of influencing the client's behavior towards a certain direction. Among the aspects of humanistic counselling include, gestalts techniques, active listening, and non-confrontational questions.

Non-confrontational questions in humanistic counselling constitutes the use of open ended queries and serves to help the client explore deeper into the issues at hand and his or her thoughts about them. These questions present an opening point for deeper contemplation and leaves out the counselor's standpoint. Because of this, the client gets that chance to independently, express the thought without the practitioner influencing them. Active listening facilitates this approach to counselling by aiding the client with the identification of his/her personal feelings and thoughts. The counselor achieves this by summarizing for the client the subtexts or the composition of what he or she is expressing. Active listening makes the client able…

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"Comparison Of Humanistic Counseling Techniques To Cognitive Behavioral And Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches" (2013, July 31) Retrieved January 20, 2018, from

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