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Religious Ethics in Comparison
Though the three religions reviewed and critiqued in this paper -- Buddhism, Christianity, and Islam -- have very different histories and quite original approaches to ethics, there are also a number of startling similarities when comparing them. One can easily find the differences, and this paper does indeed point to the differences. And yet, when it comes to the philosophical ingredients that go into each of the three and the values that each present as important, there emerges a tapestry of goodness and ethical beliefs as well.
Buddhist Ethics -- Background Information
It should be understood at the outset of any discussion of Buddhism that there are many approaches to practicing Buddhism. Philosophy Professor Michael G. Barnhart points out that there are "deep similarities" between various approaches to Buddhism -- for example Buddhists universally share a "reverence for the personal history of the Buddha" -- but…
Ariyabuddhiphongs, V. "Money Consciousness and the Tendency to Violate the Five
Precepts Among Thai Buddhists." The International Journal for the Psychology of Religion, 17.1 (2007): 37-45.
Brockopp, Jonathan E. "Taking Life and Saving Life: The Islamic Context." In Islamic
Studies of Life: Abortion, War, and Euthanasia. Chapel Hill, SC: University of South
Milton and Shakespeare
When comparing John Milton and William Shakespeare, it is interesting to note similarities and parallels between works such as "Julius Caesar" and "Paradise Lost." Indeed, the characters in both works show remarkably how the underlying politics in their relationships create a platform for the ultimate betrayal of the respective autocratic leaders. In his poem, "On Shakespeare," Milton shows his admiration for Shakespeare, as well as the common belief that the spirit of the author continues by means of his words and in the admiration of his audiences. Both Milton and Shakespeare then continue to live in the admiration of their audiences and in works of art such as films.
The poem "On Shakespeare" was the first of Milton's works to be published. It was composed during 1630 and published in the Second Folio of Shakespeare's play in 1632, where it appeared among other eulogies and…
Hunter, W.B. (1986). Milton's English Poetry. Bucknell University Press
Luxon, T.H. (2008, March). The Milton Reading Room. Retrieved from: http://www.dartmouth.edu/~milton
Poetry Foundation (2011). Biography: John Milton. Retrieved from: http://www.poetryfoundation.org/bio/john-milton
Textual Tapestry. (2009, Nov. 10). Comparables between Shakespeare's Julius Caesar and John Milton's Paradise Lost. Retrieved from: http://textualtapestry.wordpress.com/2009/11/10/comparables-between-shakespeare%E2%80%99s-julius-caesar-and-john-milton%E2%80%99s-paradise-lost/
ousseau and Tolstoy
A Comparison of ousseau's Confessions and Tolstoy's Death of Ivan Ilych
Jean-Jacques ousseau's Confessions opens more brazenly than the other Confessions of antiquity (those belonging to Augustine); the latter were zealously religious in nature and humbling in tone; the former were proud in tone and primarily secular. If ousseau's Confessions can be called a celebration of a life burnished in the fires of the omantic/Enlightenment era, Tolstoy's Death of Ivan Ilych may be called a meditation on death -- or more accurately still it may be called a depiction of the spiritual conversion of the "natural" man, as embodied by ousseau a century earlier. This paper will compare and contrast the two works and show how the ussian's serves as a kind of humbling argument against the self-serving ideals of the Frenchman.
The two characters present a similar outlook on life: both ousseau in his Confessions and…
Rousseau, J. (1782). Confessions. Retrieved from http://philosophy.eserver.org/rousseau-confessions.txt
Tolstoy, L. (2001). The Death of Ivan Ilych. Classical Library. Retrieved from http://www.classicallibrary.org/tolstoy/ivan/2.htm
Comparison of Humanistic Counselling Techniques of Cognitive (behavioral) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches
Counselling and Its Roles
Cognitive / Behavioural Counselling
Comparison of Humanistic Counselling Techniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches
Similarities ofofumanistic Cobehavioralechniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches
Differences between Humanisticbehavioralg Techniques to Cognitive (Behavioural) and Neo-Psychoanalytic Approaches
Counselling is a broad subject and as such, constitutes different areas of study application and practice. Additionally it is classified using a variety of methods one being the techniques applied with reference to the practices of counselling. This paper explores the different aspects of counselling with main reference to specific techniques and their association with one another. The counselling techniques in focus here are the Humanistic, cognitive and Neo-psychoanalytic approaches whose use in the field of psychology is widespread. The section opens with an introduction, which presents an overview of what the paper…
Flood Narratives: A Comparison of Genesis vs. Gilgamesh
Both the Hebrew Bible and the Babylonian "Gilgamesh" contain flood narratives of destruction and creation. However, while the Bible deploys the flood narrative as a moral judgment of God upon a particular generation of humanity, "Gilgamesh" merely uses the flood as an example of the fragile reality of the mortal human state. In the Bible, God looks upon the immorality of humankind, and uses water to ritually purify and cleanse the earth of all evil creatures, which includes most of individuals made in his image, except Noah and his household. The epic "Gilgamesh," tells story of the hero's acceptance of the transience of earthly mortal existence in the face of divine transcendence and uses the flood as a metaphor for the arbitrary nature of mortality, fate, and creation. In "Gilgamesh," even from the earth's creation, the will of the divine is arbitrary…
Coogan, Michael. (Editor). "Genesis." From The New Oxford Annotated Bible. Third edition. Oxford University Press, New York, 2001, pp. 18-27.
"Epic of Gilgamesh: No. 12." From Myths and Epics from Mesopotamia. pp. 68-69.
Okonkwo and Gilgamesh
Comparison of Okonkwo and Gilgamesh
According to the Merriam Webster dictionary, a hero is defined as a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability. Keeping this definition in mind, Gilgamesh is reflected as a hero since he was two-third god and one-third man having supernatural strength. Furthermore he was destined to die and spent his entire life in quest for immortality. The epic narrates how the character has evolved throughout the twelve tablets and ended up being a completely different person to what he was initially.
Okonkwo, the protagonist of 'Things Fall Apart' is described as a person who was admired in his village for his bravery and strength. He was respected throughout the nine villages and everybody spoke of his gallantry with great awe and respect. Unlike Gilgamesh, Okonkwo's fame rested on personal achievements. He turned out to be…
Achebe, Chinua. Things fall apart. Anchor, 1996.
Carnahan, Wolf. The Epic of Gilgamesh. Trans.Maureen Gallery 1998.
Britain's legal institutions have served long as American law's foundations. In framing American Federal Constitution, framers exaggerated British ideas of power separation in the government, drawing on Parliament enactments. For several years following the evolution, U.S. courts looked to England's common laws for its rules of judgment. In intervening decades, English and American judges haven't been neglectful of their common custom- looking often to the other nation's legal doctrine development as a rich source of comparative study. This legal and spiritual kinship has, over time, been fostered by interchanges between England and America (Kaufman, 1980).
It follows that a profound commonality exists between the legal systems of Great Britain and America. America's legal structure, particularly what is referred to as the 'Common Law', has descended directly from the courts of England, mainly because of once being a British colony. Common law (or case law as it is alternatively…
Kaufman, I.R. (1980). Criminal Procedure in England and the United States: Comparisons in Initiating Prosecutions. Fordham Law Review, Vol. 49, Is. 1, Article 8
Mazzacuva, F. (2014). Justifications and Purposes of Negotiated Justice for Corporate Offenders: Deferred and Non-Prosecution Agreements in the UK and U.S. systems of Criminal Justice. Journal Of Criminal Law, 78(3), 249-262. doi:10.1350/jcla.2014.78.3.921
Oshundeyi, M. (2011). The English Judicial System: Process Of Becoming Legal Professionals. Ankara Bar Review, 4(1), 57-70.
Parpworth, N. (2010). Constitutional and Administrative Law, oxford university press, New York.
ussia and China's economic reform in 1990's
Ever since the beginning of 1990s, the attention of the world has been concentrated on the persistently emerging relationship between the ussian Federation and the People's epublic of China. Much has been authored on the costs and benefits of such relationship and the prevailing analysis already tends to support China as one of the dominating states to come out in the coming decades in comparison to ussia. (ussia and China: Business Partners, Weary Neighbors) Hopefulness over the market restructuring of ussia wiped out with the crash of August 1998, when the ruble depreciated by 70% of its value and banks could not settle the debts and endorse currency contracts. In contradiction to the reform assurances by Yeltsin, the ussian economy of the 1990s more closely resembled a Soviet model than a market driven one. (The Logic of Economic eform in ussia)
Could Russia Have Learned from China? FRBSF Economic Letter. 98-26. September 4, 1998. Retrieved from http://www.frbsf.org/econrsrch/wklyltr/wklyltr98/el98-26.html Accessed on 16 December, 2004
Hough, Jerry F. The Logic of Economic Reform in Russia. Brookings Institution Press 2001. Retrieved from http://www.brookings.edu/press/books/reform_in_russia.htm Accessed on 16 December, 2004
Liu, Yu. Russia's fall, China's Rise? - Comparing Transitions of Russia and China: (Part I). Perspectives. Volume: 2; No: 5. Retrieved from http://www.oycf.org/Perspectives/11_043001/russia.htm Accessed on 16 December, 2004
Priority of Privatization in Economic Reforms: China and Taiwan compared with Russia. Retrieved from http://www.cid.harvard.edu/hiid/566.pdf Accessed on 16 December, 2004
Classifying disasters and comparing their impact on populations can be very difficult due to the widely varied nature of potential disasters and the different types and levels of damage they can cause. One means of classifying disasters that is frequently used is simply to note the origin of the disaster, or the primary cause of the disaster, which is useful because it can provide varying degrees of detail that, with proper foresight and planning based on adequate knowledge of each disaster type, can lead to more effective responses (FEMA, 2012). One can talk of natural disasters in a broad sense with some level of certainty in regard to certain policies, for example, and then one can classify the exact type of natural disaster for more detailed analysis -- a hurricane is expected to cause different types and levels of damage than an earthquake, for example (FEMA, 2012). This…
Aceves, F., Rudolf, A. & Peralta, J. (2007). Disasters: A simplified systematic scale (SSS) for classifying magnitudes of hurricanes and earthquakes. Proceedings of the 51st Annual Meeting of the ISSS.
FEMA. (2012). Hazard and disaster classification. Accessed 13 April 2012. training.fema.gov/.../Survey%20of%20Hazards%20and%20Disasters
Educational Deficiencies of Delinquent and Nondelinquent Students
This study was conducted in Florida to explore the relationship between education and delinquency. The authors contend that previous research that explored this issue was limited by the methodology used in those studies. Prior literature on delinquency and behavior reported relationships between poor school performance and delinquent behavior, a correlation between poor academic performance and delinquency, school status and delinquency, and social class and delinquency.
The authors claim previous studies were limited by the use of small sample sizes drawn from a single school and that most prior studies did not adequately address the issue of spuriousness. As a result the current understanding of how education can be used effectively in delinquency prevention and treatment remains fragmented and inconclusive (p. 292).
The large sample size, 5,187 in the experimental group and 5,187 in the comparison group provided statistical validity to this study. Large…
Wang, X., Blomberg, T.G., & Li, S.D. (2005, August). Comparison of the educational deficiencies of delinquent and nondelinquent students. Educational review, Vol. 29, No. 4, 291-312.
Gossip vs. News
With the expanding use of social networking sites, organizations and blogs have a growing ability to broadcast information to extraordinarily wide audience. Photos, videos, and written comments can be instantly shared on sites like Twitter and Facebook, allowing followers to have instant access to news. The expansion of these sites can often make it hard to distinguish news and fact from gossip and hearsay. This is particularly prevalent in entertainment news, which has always had a strong link with tabloids and gossip. Thus, the ability to distinguish entertainment news from gossip has become increasingly important to both reporters and their audience. Gossip can be defined as information that has no credible or verified source and little news value, while entertainment news has verified sources, is typically confirmed by industry professionals, and has a significant informational value that informs the public of relevant events. In this sense, gossip…
Carter, B. Stetler, B. 2011. "With No Charlie Sheen CBS Mulls its Monday Night Lineup.." The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2011/02/02/arts/television/02sheen.html
Rich, F. 2009."Tiger Woods, Person of the Year" The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2009/12/20/opinion/20rich.html
Individualism vs. Collectivism
One of the distinguishing factors in describing a culture, society, community, or groups is whether its members and the individuals in that organization adopt an individualistic or collectivist with regards to their roles and functions and their relationship with the other members of an organization. These two concepts, that is, individualistic and collectivist groups are important to discuss because they help other people understand an individual or a group about their culture and values as a group/organization. Individualism and collectivism are often included in discussions about particular cultures and societies, and this paper will discuss the concept and nature of an individualist or collectivist culture or society, and what are the advantages and disadvantages of adopting one of these culture values to individuals and other people.
Individualistic culture is defined as "a culture in which people view their primary responsibility as being to themselves" (Rosenfeld 1998 423).…
Rosenfeld, Lawrence. "Interplay: The Process of Interpersonal Communication." New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc. 1998.
Sistine Modonna and the Swing Paintings
The Swing and the Sistine Madonna are both masterpieces of their era, long lasting in both technical success and celebration of their chosen subjects. Raphael and Fragonard approach their sources with deliberate composition through color, texture, lines and shapes, creating images of powerful resonance. The Sistine Madonna tells the story of great abandonment and celebration of lavish sensuality, while the Sistine Madonna explores the religious underpinnings of the Christian church. However, despite their disparate styles and meanings, they are infused with a circular similarity in both objects, construction, and import.
M. Putscher, in conversation about the work of F.T. Vischer in 1858, notably exclaimed, "What means this period made use of to draw Raphel closer to itself, even by force!"
Conversation about this all-important painting, particularly its artistic dissection, grew with the course of art history, developing from description to explanation. While it remained…
Albright, William F. (Feb., 1938.) "What were the Cherubim?" The Biblical Archaelogist. Vol. 1, No. 1.
Eberlein, Johann Konrad. (Mar., 1984.) "The Curtain in Raphael's Sistine Madonna." The Art Bulletin, Vol. 65, No. 1.
Fusso, Susanne. (1995) "Maidens in Childbirth: The Sistine Madonna in Dostoevskii's Devils." Slavic Review, Vol. 54, No. 2
Lane, B.G. (1975 )"Ecce Panis Angelorum: The Manger as the Alter in Hugo's Berlin Nativity." Art Bulletin. LVII, Fig. 9.
Mark Twain is undisputedly one of the most prolific writers of all times. With an uncanny inability to see things as they were combined with an exceptional sense of humor, Twain's popularity transcended time and space. While all his writings left some impression on the readers, his travel books were so outstanding that they created a genre of their own. "The Innocents Abroad" and "A tramp abroad" were two important books that belonged to this genre with "A Tramp Abroad" being the less popular of the two. If Tramp was less successful than Innocents, it was primarily due to Twain's setting of standards with his other travelogues.
If ever an attempt to compare and contrast the two books is made, it is highly recommended that we start with the Innocents. The reason for this is obvious. 'Innocents' came before Tramp made its appearance and was definitely the more celebrated of…
 SLC to JHT, June 2, 1879; Beinecke Lib
 MTB, II, 6-68.
life illiam Blake's poem the Lamb, defining it as the divinity of creation. Furthermore looking at ildred Owen's poem In Dulce et Decorum Est, with an argument that its' message is one that contradicts the generally held beliefs that it is noble and heroic to die for one's country. The paper illustrates this further using quotes form the poem.
All is fair in love and ar: the lamb and the bringer of death
Poetry is often seen as one of the most expressive forms of writing, and if we look at two special poems one written by illiam Blake, the Lamb and Dulce et Decorum Est by ilfred Owen, within these poems we can see why they have been seen as expressive and yet so simple.
The theme of Blake's poem is the divinity of creation as seen in a lamb. The metaphor of a lamb is used as Christ…
Roberts EV, Jacobs H.E (2000) Literature: An Introduction to Reading and Writing (6th Edition) Prentice Hall College Div
Christianity and Islam: Comparison and Contrast
In the world today, religion is one of the most divisive and persistent elements of human life. While many are leaving the traditional format of organized religion, these age old traditions remain as the most prevalent of spiritual paths throughout the world. Particularly, Christianity and Islam feature among the directions with the largest followings on earth. When comparing and contrasting these two, it becomes clear that, while there are certain parallels between these religions, they also have significant differences.
The Koran's description of Creation, for example, is scattered across all of its pages. In the Koran, Adam is prohibited from approaching the Forbidden Tree. When sin occurs, God is shown to be responsible for the pain and suffering in the world (Baianonie, 2001).
While the Bible also contains the Creation story that includes Adam and Eve, along with their fall from grace, it provides…
Baianonie, M. (2001). The Islamic View of the Human Being. Retrieved from: http://islam1.org/khutub/View_of_Human_Being.htm
Catchpoole, D. (2002). The Koran vs. Genesis. Creation 24 (2). Retrieved from: http://creation.com/the-koran-qur-an-vs.-genesis
Kreeft, P. (n.d.) Comparing Christianity and Islam. Retrieved from: http://www.peterkreeft.com/topics-more/religions_islam.htm
Patriarchy to Another
It starts early. Socialization into the social system we call patriarchy starts at birth when we put pink on "beautiful" and "angelic" girls and blue on "handsome" and "tough" baby boys. We hold baby girls so they can see into our faces, as we talk to them. We hold baby boys so they can see what's going on in the room. That's how the process begins. We are the recipients, either willingly or unwillingly, of a patriarchal legacy. What probably began in prehistoric times as a cooperative system for survival has become an albatross. We are stuck with living in a patriarchal society where women are oppressed. And it is certainly not a local phenomenon. "Desiree's Baby" and "No Name Woman" are two stories from far-off cultures, but patriarchy as a system is as much in evidence in those places, if not more so, as it is…
Albert Einstein and Winston Churchill.
Defining politics and science today has a different meaning than it did throughout history until the 20th century. This comparison can also be defined as "science of government of states" in other cases it is referred as "the science and practice of government of human societies." In today's world governments do not just work on the predefined agendas that politics used to work on, now a relation to humanity, social and scientific approach and justification is required in every decision that a government made. Hence the formula for politics now is a pluralistic approach to agendas, hence the definition of government in any society is not just the simple approach of organized power any more, it now a very strong mixture of science, religion, economy and welfare as well. For instance discoveries of every kind are being made in every corner of the world, but…
"Albert Einstein - Biography." Nobelprize.org. 16 Apr 2011
"Winston Churchill - Biography." Nobelprize.org. 15 Apr 2011
Winston Spencer Churchill: His Complete Speeches, 1987-1963 (1974 (8 vols.)
The Collected Essays Of Sir Winston Churchill, 1976 (4 vols.)
Stage Lighting vs. Film Lighting
For some people, lights are lights. hen a production team has lighting to throw on a subject, and can control that light, it seems straightforward to the layperson. But the requirements for film as contrasted with the lighting needs for theatre are a world apart. This paper delves into both kinds of lighting, and explains the uses, advantages, and major differences.
The Literature on Lighting
Rick Shaw of CSI Multimedia as been providing lighting, sound, video and projection since 1986, and he insists that proper "video and stage lighting are, for the most part, mutually incompatible" (Shaw, 2009). Lighting for film and video is "flat" Shaw says, with no shadows, and it has a high color temperature (5600 Kelvin, which is equal to morning sunlight). Stage lighting however is "dimensional," which means there will be shadows, and its color temperature is just 3200 Kelvin --…
McQueen, Van, and Steve B. (2009). Movie vs. Theatrical Lighting. Control Booth.
Retrieved June 8, 2011, from http://www.controlbooth.com/forums/lighting-electrics/11563-movie-vs.-theatrical-lighting.html .
Ostroff, Boyd, and Wiley, Peter. (2004). Stage Lights vs. Film Lights. DVinfo.net. Retrieved June 8, 2011, from http://www.dvinfo.net/forum/photon-management/36010-stage-lights-vs.-film-lights.html .
Shaw, Rick. (2008). Video and Stage Lighting. CSI Multimedia. Retrieved June 8, 2011, from http://www.campbell-shaw.com/downloads/Video_Stage_Lighting.pdf .
A Comparison of Shoujo and Shounen Manga
Manga and anime have become popular, not just in their original country of Japan, but around the world. This type of animation carries on the tradition of ancient Japanese drawing techniques that have been observed since antiquity. Within the form of manga are types that have specific meaning to the people who are watching the resulting art. These types, shoujo and shounen, have differing characteristics that are both gender specific and demonstrate different techniques. This essay seeks to inform the reader regarding specific differences in the forms, as well as what their distinct features and characteristics are.
The two animation art forms in Japanese culture are manga and anime. Manga is a form of drawing that is descended from some of the traditional wood block art that has been popular in that country for centuries. Anime is the Japanese word for animation…
History recognizes both James Mattis and MacArthur as accomplished generals and military leaders. A comparison of their achievements and actions on the duty, honor, and country fronts would be appropriate and on-point.
Being named 11th Commander of the U.S. Central Command was one of the most important highlights of James Mattis’ career. His appointment to head this one unified command was no mean feat. Those selected to serve in this role must demonstrate exemplary leadership capabilities and years of experience in service. Prior to being appointed, Mattis must have shown his dedication and selflessness towards the service of his country. It is also indicative of honor, in that it demonstrates his guiding force overtime as having been high principles and professionalism. This Unified Combatant Command has had 13 commanders to date. Mattis was the 11th.
Also, when it comes to interaction with junior troops, Mattis has been lauded for his…
Dufy, B.K. & Carpenter, R.H. (1997). Douglas MacArthur: Warrior as Wordsmith. New York, NY: Greenwood Publishing Group
Harvey, R. (2008). Maverick military leaders: The extraordinary battles of Washington, Nelson, Patton, Rommel, and others. New York, NY: Skyhorse Publishing.
A Comparison of Online Learning and Campus-Based Learning
The development and growth of online learning has created opportunities for both students and academic institutions alike. The online learning environment may be argued as offering many benefits such increasing accessibility to education and support of diversity as well as providing a potentially lucrative revenue streams for the institutions. These benefits have driven the growth, but the benefits are not without drawbacks, with online courses reporting a higher attrition. The aim of the paper is to look at online learning, discussing the advantages and the disadvantages of the online environment comparing it to campus-based learning and the blending environment.
An online course has been defined as one where there is a minimum of 80% of the content is delivered through the online environment (Allen & Seaman, 2014). Online delivery may include a range of different mediums, including, but not necessarily limited…
Allen IE; Seaman J, (2014), Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States, The Sloan Consortium
Bauman, P, (2002), Student Retention: What You Can Control, & How, Distance Education Report, 6(16), 41
Cluskey, G.R. Jr.; Ehlen, Craig R; Raiborn, Mitchell H, (2011), Thwarting online exam cheating without proctor supervision, Journal of Academic and Business Ethics, 4, 1-7
Diaz, D.P. (2002), Online drop rates revisited, The Technology Source, accessed 11th March 2-014 at http://technologysource.org/article/online_drop_rates_revisited/
PIAGET vs. VYGOTSKY
Compared: Piaget and Vygotsky
Piaget vs. Vygotsky: The role of language in cognitive development
Jean Piaget's theory of human development is fundamentally a biological one: Piaget believed that all human beings go through a series of developmental stages, and the ability to understand certain concepts such as volume and mass is determined by the biological and developmental stage of the brain, more so than culture. If the child is not yet ready to learn certain spatial principles, he cannot do so, even with the best of teachers. The child interacts with the environment and is shaped by its contents to some extent, but there are natural constraints based upon the child's mentality.
In contrast, "unlike Piaget's notion that children's development must necessarily precede their learning," Lev Vygotsky argued, "learning is a necessary and universal aspect of the process of developing culturally organized, specifically human psychological functions" (McLeod…
Kristinsdottir, Solrun B. (2001). Lev Vygotsky. Retrieved from:
McLeod, S.A. (2007). Vygotsky. Retrieved at:
The health care system in the United States is often compared with that of other countries, and the one that comes up the most frequently in Canada. The Canadian system has better outcomes in general than the American system, and is completely different in terms of structure. This paper will examine the key areas where the systems differ, and seek to extrapolate what that means.
At its heart, the US system relies on market forces for much of its activity. Health care is providers are usually paid by insurance companies (or the government, which will be discussed in a moment). The insurance market is generally a free market, where insurers compete for customers the same way that insurers in other fields compete for customers. Employers will often pay the cost of coverage under an employer plan for workers, but there are many types of jobs where this…
.....female agency in Wang Anyi's "Granny" and Eileen Chang's "Shame Amah"
The objective of this study is to compare and contrast the work of Eileen Chang's with reference to her theme "Shame Amah" and the work of Wang Anyi focusing on her theme "Granny". The study uses their works of the two writers to analyze their differences and similarities in the writing styles focusing on the themes Shame of Amah and Granny. Remarkably, Zhang was in her early twenties when she had been identified as a discriminating and precious writer. She benefited from both classical Western and Chinese literature making her being one of the most renown Chinese writers in the literary world.
Similarly, Eileen Chang is one of the most talented Chinese writers born in 1921 and has published several collections of English stories as well publishing two English novels. Eileen Chang was born in Shanghai and attended the…
psychological impact of Katrina & Lusitania
Hurricane Katrina which took place in the year 2005 is said to be one of the worst storm disaster that took place in the history of the United States. It led to loss of many lives, and it was unavoidable. The winds both from Louisiana to Alabama caused the level of water to arise at about 80% of the New Orleans and neighborhoods. The tragedy left many people with worries asking how the tragedy like that could happen to threaten the lives of many Americans (Brinkley, 2006).
The sinking of Lusitania on the other hand, contributed to various impacts on America as well as, the World War One. However, the Americans were never interested in joining the war unless they had finished another two years. The Lusitania sinking also enraged many Americans as well as, hastening the people from United States' entrance into the…
Brinkley, D. (2006). The great deluge: Hurricane Katrina, New Orleans, and the Mississippi Gulf Coast. New York: Morrow.
Guterman, P. (2005). Psychological preparedness for disaster. Retrieved October 10, 2012 from http://www.academia.edu/233646/Psychological_preparedness_for_disaster
Gant, P.G., & Gantt, R. (2011). Disaster Psychology. October 10, 2012 from http://www.asse.org/professionalsafety/pastissues/057/08/042_049_F1Gan_0812.pdf .
Ballard, R.D., & Dunmore, S. (2003). Exploring the Lusitania: probing the mysteries of the sinking that changed history. New York: Warner Books.
Children and adults sometimes seem like different species. Biologically, children change continually, their brains and bodies rapidly growing and developing. Those biological changes are accompanied by important changes to the mind and emotional nature, with each person exhibiting a different personality, attitude, and outlook on life. Environmental factors including wealth and social status, culture and ethnicity also play a role in how the child develops a self-concept and interacts with others. By the time children become adults, they are much different beings than they were even a decade ago. Adults change too, but not nearly as dramatically as the transitions between childhood and adulthood. The main differences between childhood and adulthood are biological, psychological, and social.
Biologically speaking, children are growing. Their bodies are resilient, especially when compared with adults. If an adult suffers an injury, especially an elder, the results can be devastating. At the same time, a young…
The Nevada Nurse Practice Act is similar to the Indiana State Board of Nursing in that the two documents cover definitions of terms (such as Board of nurses, advanced practitioner, and accredited school). In addition to defining terms clearly to remove ambiguity in their application, the two documents also outline provisions for nurse practitioners and registered nurses.
The Indiana State Board of Nursing oversees nurse licensing, including issues related to education. Moreover, the State Board of Nursing in Indiana outlines the role of continuing education in the nursing profession. The Indiana State Board of Nursing's Licensure and Administrative ules include an administrative code for both registered and licensed practical nurses. Ancillary practices and areas of specialization are also included, such as nurse-midwives.
Number of members in the Indiana State Board of Nursing is something that is covered in the document related to licensure and administration. In IC 25-23-1-2, the…
Indiana State Board of Nursing (2005). Licensure Statutes and Administrative Rules
Nevada Nurse Practice Act.
Plato & Aristotle
The author of this brief report has been asked to compare and contrast the theories of knowledge, otherwise known as epistemology, that are present in the works of Plato and Aristotle. The works of Plato that will be covered include Divided Line, the Allegory of the Cave and the Sun. When it comes to Aristotle, the items that will be covered include the ten categories and the significance of substance. The relevant text in question will be Classics of Philosophy as authored by Pojman and Vaughn. While there are some strong similarities between the works and authors cited above, there are also some distinct differences between them.
When it comes to the Divided Line, Plato is writing out a dialog that occurs between Glaucon and Socrates. It is important to note that this work immediately follows the Analogy of the Sun and the Analogy of the Cave…
Altruism or Egoism
The dating website has become an online phenomenon where people across the world find relationships, love and intimacy. The hottest trend in the online dating is that people who have been single for several years have finally found their true love. The theories of relationship, love, intimacy, social comparison, self-categorization, and social identity reveal that individuals develop a social relationship to boost their social esteem, and people are likely to cooperate with a group who belong to their social identity. Frisen, & Wangqvist, (2010) argue that people have been dating one another in Sweden without going through informal rules. The authors maintain that people continue to indulge in love relationship despite their social identity. Williams, & Russell (2013) argue that adolescent and younger adults quest for love, and increasing number of girls believe in intimacy relationship while boys adore sexual intercourse. Additionally, Finn, (2012) think that emotional…
SHAMANIC APPOACHES vs. ALTEED STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
Compare and contrast Eastern and shamanic approaches to altering consciousness
This paper focuses on the similarities and differences between eastern Shamanic practices and altered states of consciousness (ASC), and the significance of these practices in the today's urban society. Prior to going deep into the discussion, it is significance to define the terms; Shamanic and altered states of consciousness. As asserted by Oesterreich (1935:295), Shamanic illustrates what the Shamans do, while as Shamanic practices entails an intricate of belief, rituals and traditions huddled around the Shaman practices.
Some of the authors, for instance, Ashvind, (1999) relate Shaman to Siberian, Eurasian or sub-Arctic practitioners, while others extend the term Shaman to other practitioners, for example, any practitioner that interrelates with the spirit world through altered states of consciousness (ASC). Others extend the definition and define Shamans as medicine men or witch doctors. In essence,…
Ashvind N. (1999). Shamans, Healing, and Mental Health, Journal of Child and Family
Studies, Vol. 8, No. 2, 1, pp. 131-134
Block, N. (1995). On confusion about a function of consciousness. Behavioural and Brain Sciences, 18, 227 -- 247.
Block, N. (2001). Paradox and cross-purposes of recent work on consciousness. Cognition, 79,197 -- 219.
DISCPLINE vs. Management
Compare Discipline and Management
Discipline in the classroom is often equated with punishment, although punishment is only one of the tools of discipline that can be used by a teacher. One common definition of discipline is "teaching others right from wrong" with "methods to prevent or respond to behavior problems so they do not occur" (Behavior management, Sage Publications, 5). Discipline's "most typical current meaning seems to be most associated with the notion of bringing children into line" (Allen 2010). In my own personal classroom vocabulary, I think of discipline as informing students of expected consequences, both good and bad, such as if a student turns in all of his homework on time he gets a sticker at the end of the week but if he does not he has to do an extra assignment. In other words, discipline is a way of dealing with problems and…
Allen, K.P. (2010). Classroom management, bullying, and teacher practices. The Professional
Educator, 34(1), 1-15.
Behavior management. Sage Publications. Retrieved from:
Bach's Cantina ecordings
Comparison of Bach Cantata ecordings: ichter and Gardiner
Just a few generations ago, Bach's Cantatas had seemed to silence; but "since that time, in the intervening four decades, there has been an explosion of interest in this neglected music, borne out by numerous recording projects" (Lehman & White 508). Although the Cantatas were written generations ago, their music is still relevant in today's cultural environment. Bach's brilliance is allowed to shine on, and has become flexible in the various interpretations of his works. Karl ichter and John Eliot Gardiner are two composers that have made modern recordings of Bach's Cantatas from much different stylistic vantage points. The two recordings are compared here in order to understand the variety that they have brought to Bach's much older works.
There has been a recent jolt of interest in Bach's Cantina's within the last century or so. Here, the research…
Antila, Heikki. "Karl Richter and the Cantatas." Bach Cantatas Website. 1998. Web. http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Performers/Richter-General.htm
Lehman, Bradley & White, Andrew. "Back Cantatas." Early Music. 2009. 508-512. Web. http://em.oxfordjournals.org/content/37/3/508.full.pdf?keytype=ref&ijkey=JFFqqvjyRfhBoPT
Popescu, Lucian Gabriel. "Recordings of Bach Cantatas & Recommended Cantatas." Bach Cantatas. Web. http://www.bach-cantatas.com/Topics/Recordings-2012.htm
Quinn, John. "Johann Sebastian Bach Cantatas Projects." Music Web. 2006. Web. http://www.musicweb-international.com/classrev/2012/July12/Bach_cantatas_RIAS_21415.htm
Healthcare Data Compare Healthcare Grade of Maryland to Florida
Healthcare grades: The Commonwealth Fund
The Commonwealth Fund grades all states on access to healthcare, avoidable hospital use and costs, healthy lives, and prevention and treatment. For example, Pennsylvania ranks 12 on access: nearly
percent of nonelderly adult patients are insured and 92% of children. Florida has around 74% and Maryland around 83% of adults insured and 82 and 91% of children, approximately. In Pennsylvania, 86% of at-risk adults have had a checkup within two years versus 87 and 88% in Florida and Maryland respectively; 90% of patients in PA have not had to forego seeing a physician within the last two years because of cost versus 84% in Florida and 89% in Maryland (approximately). The low rates of insurance coverage in Florida reflect higher unemployment and poverty rates, combined with a higher percentage of workers who labor part-time and do…
State scorecard. (2011). Maps and Data. Retrieved September 26, 2011 at http://www.commonwealthfund.org/Maps-and-Data/State-Data-Center/State-Scorecard.aspx
All figures are rounded up or down, based upon the available data
The two cities I am going to compare are Irkutsk and Tampa. Irkutsk is located in Siberia, along the shores of the Angara River, near the shores of Lake Baikal. Tampa lies on Tampa Bay, near the shores of the Gulf of Mexico. Its inland location and northerly latitude characterize the weather of Irkutsk, which is very cold for most of the year, with five freezing months from November to March where the temperatures drop significantly. Summers are mild. Tampa's southerly location gives it a warm climate, with freezing temperatures seldom if ever occurring. The climate is warm, sunny, and humid. Summers are hot and humid with frequent thunderstorms. The average July temperature in Irkutsk is 64.5, and the average January temperature is -0.9F. The average July temperature in Tampa is around 90, and in January it is 70 (U.S. Climate Data, 2012); orld Climates, 2012).
Irkutsk has a…
Babrs. (2006). History of Irkutsk. Thinkquest.org. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://library.thinkquest.org/05aug/01907/history.htm
RussiaTrek.org. (2012). Irkutsk city, Russia. RussiaTrek.org. Retrieved March 29, 2012 http://russiatrek.org/irkutsk-city
US Census.gov. (2012). Tampa (city), Florida. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/12/1271000.html
US Climate data. (2012). Tampa, Florida. U.S. Climate Data. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://www.usclimatedata.com/climate.php?location=USFL0481
Personal Computers and Mainframes:
Ah, yes...the good, old mainframe. Although the days of whirring giant cabinets in the Six Million Dollar Man, or even the out of control "WHOPPER" computer in the classic cold war movie, War Games, have largely gone the way of the dinosaur, the mainframe computer is still in use today. Although the PC has become the modern definition of "the computer," both forms of the technology have specific uses, advantages and disadvantages.
In the early 1980's, the business world in particular was embracing computer technology at a rapid pace. Other technologies, including microfilm, microfiche, and hard copy records and documents began to be phased out by the mainframe. Indeed, companies quickly became aware of the tremendous power the mainframe computer could bring to their management of data and records (ennett, 2000), and set up systems at individual "work stations," allowing access to the information in…
Bennett, J. 2000. "Compuware sees the future, and it is the mainframe." Detroit Free Press. Retrieved from Web Site on March 28, 2004 http://www.freep.com/money/business/compu27_20000627.htm
Katnic, J., Nadel, D. 2000. "Is the mainframe just a high performance PC?" IBM Mainframe Newsgroup. Retrieved from Web Site on March 28, 2004 http://www.os390-mvs.freesurf.fr/mainpc.htm
Environment and Organizational Settings
Compare the environments and organizational settings in which library and information professionals practice
There are various types of libraries demonstrating different environment and organizational settings. In order to make the libraries diverse and dynamic, each library has the ability to reflect characteristics of their user community. This research will focus on differentiating environment and organizational settings of the four critical library organizations: academic libraries, school libraries, special libraries, and public libraries.
In the case of the United States, public libraries have the ability to offer services to the people following their establishments by law. The main objective of the public libraries is to enhance accessibility of citizens to information through facilitating reading and borrowing of resources free of charge. This is critical towards the achievement of the public libraries in relation to creation of a more informed citizenry. Moreover, these libraries have the ability…
Seneca and Perpetua
Comparison of Seneca's "On Tranquility of Mind" and Perpetua's Passion
hat does the Stoic pagan philosopher Seneca have in common with the Christian martyr Perpetua, other than the fact that both individuals wrote during the latter part of the height of the Classical Roman Empire? Both writers perceived themselves as attempting to live, in real and philosophical terms, an alternative existence to their more contemporary, worldly peers. However, while the Stoic focused on his readers achieving a state of correct philosophical mind, the interpreters of Perpetua's visions and dreams focused on what the young woman's martyrdom meant in a political and physical sense, regardless of Perpetua's own interpretations of her behavior.
Seneca's statement in his essay "On Tranquility of Mind" that it "is a ridiculous thing for a man not to fly from his own badness, which is indeed possible, but to fly from other men's badness,…
Salisbury, Joyce. Perpetua's Passion. New York: Routledge, 1997.
Seneca. Dialogues. Penguin Classics.
nature in American literature, from earliest writings to the Civil War period. It is my purpose to outline the connection between spirituality, freedom and nature and explain how American writers have chosen to reflect and interpret these themes in relation to their historical realities.
At the beginning of the colonization process there were two congruent depictions of nature. Initially, the tribes comprising The Iroquois League lived in close contact with nature and believed in the importance of maintaining a harmonious relationship with it. In this respect, the Iroquois Constitution imposes a devout display of gratitude to all by-human elements of the world before the opening of any council. On the other hand, the early explorers and founders of the United States perceived an immense natural potential in the country. In this sense, Thomas Hariot describes the New World as a land of wealth, his words and images aimed both at…
Barna, Mark. (2001, May) Our Romance with Nature. The World and I, Vol.16, No.5
Webb, J. Echoes of Paine: Tracing the Age of Reason through the Writings of Emerson (2006). ATQ (The American Transcendental Quarterly), Vol. 20, No.3
Whicher, G.F. (1945) Walden Revisited: A Centennial Tribute to Henry David Thoreau. Chicago: Packard
Comparison of Modern and Ancient Mythology
Imagination is still an inseparable aspect of his nature regardless of the claims on rationality and logic. Human beings are mythmakers. They have a tendency to imagine worlds that don't immediately exist which gives rise to mythology and religion (Armstong). Since the age of enlightenment; men began to believe in philosophy as the only method of disclosing world and nature. It can be shown that even philosophy stands on myth (Muszynski). Therefore, mythology still exists both at a personal level and a public level, in the form of religion. Mythology arises to explain ideas which cannot be explained with rationality alone - nature, the origin of people, and the existence of the universe. The root and grounds of development of mythology has not changed since the ancient times, therefore, mythology in the new world shares many similarities with the ancient mythology. Nevertheless,…
Armstong, Karen. A short history of myth. Canongate U.S., 2005.
Bartlett, Sarah. The Mythology Bible: The Definitive Guide to Legendary Tales. Great Britain: Godsfield Press, 2009.
Campbell, Joseph. The Hero with a Thousan faces. Pantheon Books, 1949.
Muszynski, Joe. "Thinking in Narrative:Seeing Through To the Myth in Philosophy." Mythological Studies Journal 1.1 (2010).
Faulkner and Hemingway: Comparison
William Faulkner (1897-1962) and Ernest Hemingway (1898-1961) were contemporaries who chose to adopt writing style that was highly unique and totally different from many of other writers of their time. Both reached great heights of success and were awarded Nobel Prize for literature. Both Faulkner and Ernest were similar in many ways but there was something essentially different about their narration styles and the psychological influences, which their writings reflect. For example while Faulkner was totally obsessed with dark mysteries such as death and murder, Ernest created stories, which were closer to reality. That is the reason why latter received more appreciation for his work than Faulkner who was highly popular among those who enjoyed thrilling mysteries and dark adventures. But they were both totally original in their writing style and they are responsible for introducing unique powerful devices in literature. Ernest Hemingway enjoyed concealing important…
William Faulkner, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Seventh Edition, 2002
Ernest Hemingway, The Columbia Encyclopedia, Seventh Edition, 2002
Poe and Fowles
Detective stories and novels were first created in the 1800s. eaders continue to enjoy them. Even today, 150 years later, millions of people across the world want to read the newest detective books. Many people call Edgar Allen Poe the inventor of the detective story, because he developed a formula that is still followed. An example is his "Murders in the ue Morgue." Many authors later created their own style. John Fowles' "The Enigma" shows one way that a writer can experiment with the crime story. This paper will compare and contrast these two works to explain Poe's formula and to show how it was altered by Fowles, to let the reader have more freedom of choice.
"The Murders in the ue Morgue" was story was so different from others that were popular at the time that Poe's usual publishers did not want to print it. Instead…
Daniel, Robert. "Poe's Detective God." Furioso VI. Summer, 1951, 45-52.
Edwards, Samuel. The Vidocq Dossier: The Story of the World's First Detective. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1977.
Fowles, John. The Ebony Tower. Boston: Little Brown, 1974.
Martinez, Maria Jesus. "Astarte's game: variations in John Fowles's 'The Enigma.' Twentieth Century Literature, Spring, 1996 .
At the beginning of E.M. Forster's book A Room with a View, the inn's guest Mr. Emerson states: "I have a view, I have a view. . . . This is my son . . . his name's George. He has a view, too." On the most basic level, this statement is just as it appears: Mr. Emerson is talking about what he sees outside of his window. However, the comment also suggests one of the major themes of this book, as well as another early 20th-century novel, Jacob's Room, by Virginia oolf: That is, the view one social class has of another. These books by Forster and oolf described the times in socio-economic terms as well as how the characters related to them.
Forster's novel A Room with a View details the happenstance of the young middle-class Englishwoman Lucy Honeychurch in the early 1900s on a visit…
Woolf, Virginia. The Death of the Moth, and other essays. Harcourt 1974.
Woolf, Virginia. Jacob's Room. The Literature Network. Website retrieved
April 12, http://www.online-literature.com/virginia_woolf/jacob-room/
C# and Java have more similarities than differences, Java programmers my shun C# is situations where they require high-quality program design, cross-platform portability and runtime extensibility for remote applications. Developers that require a more expressive language than Java are likely to appreciate Microsoft's many expressive features such as metadata availability, event handling, and property access.
The most serious deficiency of C# is the lack of exception handling, meaning that the compiler will not notify the programmer if an exception occurs. Java, on the other hand, allows exception checking and the compiler will generate a compile-time error if the programmer hasn't specified how to handle the exception. The lack of checked exceptions in C# may lead to program designs which are flawed. C# developers must tale extra care to document all exceptions that callers should be aware of.
Java applications are portable across a number of operating systems and platforms. Sun…
Eaddy, Marc. "C# Versus Java." Dr. Dobb's Journal. Feb. 2001. Business Source Premier
Database (EBSCOhost) 3931159
Obasanjo, Dare. "A Comparison of Microsoft's C# Programming Language to Sun
Microsystems' Java Programming Language." Jonas Mockus 18 Feb. 2003. http://www.soften.ktu.lt/~mockus/gmcsharp/csharp/c-sharp-vs.-java.html#different
Role of omen in African and Indian Society
Both Things Fall Apart and Nectar in a Sieve weave rather vivid imagery of the life of women in the traditional, patriarchal society of Africa and India during the colonial period. The vividness of the images of cultures where a great deal of importance was placed on women bearing sons and devoting their lives to the care of their families, leads the modern day reader to easily conclude that women in traditional African and Indian cultures were without any voice and far too oppressed. hile there is ample evidence in both works to validate such a conclusion, there is a strong case to counter argue that women in both works are also shown as playing an important social role and depicted as possessing a great deal of strength of character. For one, women in African and Indian rural cultures seem to have…
Achebe, Chinua. "Things Fall Apart." Oxford: Heinemann, 1986.
Markandaya, K. "Nectar in a Sieve." New York: The John Day Company, 1954
Hawthorne: My Kinsman, Goodman Brown
The United States experienced great political, social and economic change during the late 1700s and early 1800s. Breaking ties with Great Britain under the Declaration of Independence developed a unique American tradition. The major emphasis was placed on the individual, whose need to succeed would result in the best possible world for everyone concerned. In the two works "My Kinsman, Major Molineux" and "Young Goodman Brown" by Nathaniel Hawthorn, the main characters obin and Young Goodman Brown go on personal journeys to seek their individual goals. obin seeks a kinsman who can help him establish his future livelihood and Brown searches to restore his faith and the evil in his heart. They both each reach a goal, yet not the one expected.
In "My Kinsman," a naive and inexperienced youth named obin leaves his country home and travels to the city looking for his cousin…
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "My Kinsman, Major Molineux" 1832.
Hawthorne, Nathaniel. "Young Goodman Brown." 1835.
Crime Data Sources in the United States
The collection of crime data in the United States is carried out through different approaches including Uniform Crime eports and the National Incident-Based eporting System, which also act as the two primary sources of crime data for crime reporting. The data obtained from these sources are used for research and documentation of crime status at the county, state, and national levels. Notably, the National Incident-Based eporting System emerged as an advancement of the conventional summary of Uniform Crime eports that were used to track crime in the country. In addition, the Congress uses data from these sources together with those from the National Crime Victimization Survey to guide policy decisions and create suitable responses to crime. While the use of these sources helps in dealing with crime in the United States, they have some similarities and differences between them with regards to methodological…
Addington, L.A. (2008, February). Assessing the Extent of Nonresponse Bias on NIBRS
Estimates of Violent Crime. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 24(1), 32-49.
"Data Collection Guidelines." (2000, August). National Incident-Based Reporting System.
Retrieved from U.S. Department of Justice website: https://www.fortworthpd.com/docmgmt/NIBRS_Volume1_Major_Differences.pdf
ADN vs. BSN
The ADN vs. The BSN:
A comparison of both nursing degrees
Students wishing to enter the profession of nursing are often faced with two clear choices: that of an ADN (associate degree in nursing) and a BSN (Bachelor of Science nursing degree). An ADN generally takes two years and is often offered by a community college or state school. As a result, it is substantially cheaper than a four-year BSN. Obtaining an ADN still allows a nurse to sit for the NCLEX-N. "The coursework of an associate's degree in nursing covers the following general subjects: fundamentals of nursing, infection control, nutrition and dietetics, basic microbiology, basic medical nursing, pediatric nursing, and more" ("What you need to know," 2014). It should be noted that an ADN does not have to be a terminal degree and there are ADN 'bridge' programs that allow practicing nurses currently possessing…
ADN vs. BSN: Which should you choose? (2014). Monster. Retrieved from:
The future of the associate degree in nursing program. (2014). Nursing Licensure.
Retrieved from: http://www.nursinglicensure.org/articles/adn-program-future.html
ules of Law
It was January 23, 1973 and before the world knew, oe v. Wade would change the laws surrounding the issue of abortion eternally. The decision and choice to terminate a pregnancy was illegal in Texas at the time, which was then challenged by the pregnant Jane oe. She wanted to end her gestation in a safe and licit manner, and coincidentally the Supreme Court agreed in her favor. The ruling was the first time the court recognized the right to privacy incorporated a female's right, should she choose, an option to end her pregnancy or not. This landmark case not only validated and legalized the right to an abortion, but it interdicted prior laws regarding the act. Previously, abortion was only permissible when a woman's life was in danger and was necessary to save her life. Furthermore, the act of termination was acceptable if the female was…
Planned Parenthood v. Casey . (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planned_Parenthood_v._Casey#The_Court.27s_opinions
Roe v. Wade. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roe_v._Wade#Justiciability
Roe v. Wade: Its History and Impact . (n.d.). Planned Parenthood. Retrieved March 18, 2011, from http://www.plannedparenthood.org/resources/research-papers/roe-v-wade-6578.htm
ew Hindu God
Concepts of God in udaism in Hinduism
The concept of a deity or deities is one of the most foundational and fundamental elements of many religions, and is often the basis for most other lower-level religious beliefs held by those in religions with specific beliefs in a god or gods. As common and as fundamental as this belief is, however, a true understanding of how the concept of a deity impacts on religion, and even what the specific concept of gods or God in specific religions is. The following paragraphs provide a brief description and comparison of the views of God/gods in udaism and Hinduism, noting some surprising similarities in these two very different religions.
udaism or at least ewish concepts of God might be more familiar to many members of Western civilization than the idea of God or gods that appears in Hinduism, given the relation…
Judaism or at least Jewish concepts of God might be more familiar to many members of Western civilization than the idea of God or gods that appears in Hinduism, given the relation between Judaism and Christianity. The concept of God according to the Jewish tradition is a complex and shifting element of the religion, however with the God directly observable in the Old Testament colored by the rabbinical commentary of the Talmudic period, leading to a multifaceted God that covers many of the seemingly paradoxical elements with which this God is imbued by many today (Avery-Peck, n.d.). God is at once all-pervasive and all-powerful, able to directly intervene in human affairs and to direct even the most minute of processes or actions, while at the same time the Jewish God is unknowable and indiscernible, working in "mysterious ways" and avoiding direct involvement in human affairs, for the most part (Avery-Peck, n.d.; Coogan, 2008). At the same time, God both rewards and punishes mankind through the manipulation of history (Avery-Peck, n.d.).
In Hindu, the concept of God or gods is also multifaceted and complex, which is clearly demonstrated in the fact that it is not always possible to talk of a single deity but at other times this is the most appropriate perspective (Kesarcodi-Watson, 1976). For Hindus, there is one eternal substance or power that fills the universe, and indeed is the universe, called Brahmin, and this Brahmin is essentially equivalent to the Judeo-Christian concept of God, especially when it takes the form of a single entity, Isvara (Kesarcodi-Watson, 1976; Woodburne, 1925). The devas, which are commonly thought of as gods, are more accurately described as "angels," in a certain sense, in that they are lesser than Brahmin even though they are more rigidly codified as conscious entities (Kesarcodi-Watson, 1976). If Brahmin can be thought of as the "true" God of Hindu or the closest analog to the Judeo-Christian concept of God, then it can be seen that the Jewish and Hindi traditions are not as far removed as might initially be thought. Both God and Brahmin are all-pervasive and ultimately all-powerful, and both are singular and unified in a cohesive consciousness or substance (Coogan, 2008; Avery-Peck, n.d.; Woodburne, 1925; Kesarcodu-Watson, 1976).
There are undoubtedly many differences between the Jewish and Hindu religions. The concept of God in these two religions is far from uniform and is one area of significant theological and philosophical differences between the two religions. At the same time, there are some significant similarities between the Hindu and Jewish concepts of God that are worthy of noting and considering.
Frankenstein and Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde in relation to man's dual nature
Frankenstein written by Mary Shelley when she was only nineteen years of age is considered to be one of the most fascinating novels in our literature. Such a fact is imaginatively approved in a strikingly fresh adaptation by Jonathan Pope for the Glasgow Citizens that takes off the congealed veneer of the horror film industry and makes out a truly attractive background of adventurism relating to scientific and philosophical levels. (Coveney, Frankenstein) Frankenstein relates to the duality of human nature and the manner in which humans are perceived by the society.
Mary Shelley is of the view that the treatment they attain due to societal perceptions will in the end draw out or contain some features of their nature. In brief, Frankenstein depicts the story of a scientific genius named Victor Frankenstein, whose studies made him to…
Augustine, James R. The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Pearls of Wisdom Lecture. C School of Medicine. April 18, 1996. Retrieved from http://www.med.sc.edu/cma/PearlofWisdom3.htm Accessed on 22 June, 2005
Dean, Katie. Review of Frankenstein. 07 November, 2003. Retrieved from http://trashotron.com/agony/reviews/2003/shelley-frankenstein.htm Accessed on 22 June, 2005
Dr Jekyll and Mr. Hyde. Retrieved from http://www.newi.ac.uk/rdover/other/dr_jekyl.htm Accessed on 22 June, 2005
Fear and Fun. Retrieved from http://www.beloit.edu/~fyi/fearandfun/greenknights.htm Accessed on 22 June, 2005
It is difficult to summarize psychodynamic theory without a brief discussion of Freud. Sigmund Freud is the father of psychoanalysis, the father of psychodynamic theory, and in effect the father of modern psychotherapy. Freud's notions retain quite a bit of popularity, especially his ideas that things are not what they seem on the surface. Because of his understanding of the mind and behavior, Freud considered that overt behaviors were not always self-explanatory (or perhaps "not often explanatory" would be the better term). Instead, these overt or manifest behaviors represent some hidden motive. Sigmund Freud was trained as a neurologist and specialized in the treatment of nervous disorders. His early training involved using hypnosis with the French neurologist Jean Charcot in the treatment of hysteria, the presentation of baffling physical symptoms (mostly in young women) that appeared to have no physical origin (Hall, Lindzey, & Campbell, 1998). Freud also partnered…
Barry, P. (2002). Mental health and mental illness. (7th ed.) New York: Lippincott.
Hall, C.S., Lindzey, G., & Campbell, J.B. (1998). Theories of personality. New York: John
Mcleod, S. (2007). Psychology perspectives. In Simply psychology. Retrieved December 2,
Advertisements for the Same Product
Advertisement is basically a one-way communication means that is geared towards informing probable customers regarding a product and/or service and how and where to find the product and/or service. Advertisements usually contain a persuasive message through an identified sponsor. The purpose of the identified sponsor is non-personal promotion of a company's products and/or services to probable customers. In most cases, medium and large companies use advertisements to promote their products and/or services while focusing on creating assumption among customers that will lead to purchase. While companies use advertisements to market their product and/or services, advertisements of the same product may vary depending on various factors. This difference is characterized by varying language, images, and sounds that focus on making the product desirable and appealing.
Considerations When Designing Advertisements
Generally, big companies or businesses utilize advertisements in attempts to reach markets and target audience through product…
High Context And Low Context Cultures
High-context cultures are the type of cultures where their rules of communication are transmitted through the elements such as body language, the tone of voice and person's status. (Guffey, 2009). Contrarily, low context cultures communicate information through rules and languages, which are explicitly spelled out. However, no culture is entirely low context or high context, nevertheless, cultures contain some elements of low context and high context. In the United States, low context cultures are predominant in the American culture, however, family gathering tends to be characterized with high culture context.
The objective of this study is to compare and contrast high culture context and low culture context in term of verbal communication and individualism and collectivism.
High Culture Context vs. Low Culture Context with eference to Verbal Communication
One of the fundamental features of high culture context is its low level of verbal communication…
Guffey, M. E. (2009). Essentials of Business Communication. South-Western/ Cengage Learning.
Mesquita, B.(2001). Emotions in Collectivist and Individualist Contexts. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, 80 (1): 68-74.
Samovar, L. A. & Richard E. (2004). Porter. Communication Between Cultures. 5th Ed. Thompson and Wadsworth.
Is Scientology a Religion?
One common objection raised against so-called New Age religions like Scientology is that they are not truly faith-based systems, but function more as businesses or cults. Scientologists and atheists and agnostics alike, however, have objected to this distinction, arguing that there is little difference between conventional Christianity and newer faiths. In fact, scholar and podcaster Reza Aslan has argued that the only difference between Scientology and other religions is its age, given that it was founded in the 1950s by science fiction author L. Ron Hubbard (Gilgoff and Escobedo).
It is true that when Christianity was just beginning, it was a persecuted and marginalized religion. It originally sprang up as a distinct sect of Judaism, but gradually spread to the gentile community, thanks to the preaching of Paul (“Early Christians”). While Judaism was a religion very much located in the belief structures of the ancient Israelites,…
“Early Christians.” The Roman Empire. PBS. Web. 29 October 2020.
Gilgoff, Dan and Escobedo, Tricia. “Scientology: What Exactly Is It?” CNN. 22 March 2017.
Web. 29 October 2020. https://www.cnn.com/2017/03/22/us/believer-what-is-scientology/index.html
Nededog, Jethro. “How Scientists Costs Members Up to Millions of Dollars.” Business Insider.
12 Mar 2016. Web. 29 October 2020. https://www.businessinsider.com/scientology-costs-leah-remini-recap-episode-3-2016-12
twenty-nine-year-old female from Ghana in West Africa. I moved to the United States fourteen years ago. And currently, I am employed as a bookkeeper. This paper seeks to compare my life with that of another person, utilizing fundamental social comparison theories. The other person I will be comparing myself to is my boss. He is a smart, kind and diligent man, whom I look up to as a mentor and role model. In this paper, I will utilize different theories and adopt changes if need be, as part of my attempts at self-improvement. Different types of relationships will also be discussed (Social Comparison Based on Attitude and Belief Systems, Interpersonal elationships, Gender Issues, and Social Communication, 2012).
Social comparison is the assessment of self against another, utilizing psychological principles influencing behavior, experience and judgment of individuals. As human beings we always compare ourselves with others socially. For instance, any…
Festinger, L. (1950). Informal social communication. Psychological Review, 57,271-282.
Festinger, L. (1954). A theory of social comparison processes. Human Relations, 7, 117-140.
Taylor, S. E., Wayment, H. A., & Carrillo, M. (1996). Social comparison, self-regulation, and motivation. In R.M.
Mussweiler, T., & Ruter, K. (2003). What friends are for! The use of routine standards in social comparison. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 467-481.
Comparison of Time Warp 2 and Time Warp
Time warp has begun and the plan to make changes to the prices with the aim of optimizing the performance of Clipboard Table Co (CTC). The planned changes that were made at the end of time warp 2 will not be implemented, and the results of time warp three can be compared directly with time warp 2. The third time warp appears to have been more successful, with an accumulative profit of $1,970,217,066 compared to time warp 2 where there was an accumulative profit of $1,752,777,185, so the changes made during time warp increased the profit for CTC by a total of $217,49,881. To compare the changes each year will be compared.
Comparing results for 2012
In time warp 2 the price for the X5 was $270, with R&D cut to zero, the X6 was priced at $440, and R&D…
Time warp 3 was more successful, the strategy of keeping prices low to sell more products and make a higher overall profit appears to work. The exception to the better performance of time warp 3 was 2013, when time warp 2 had a better performance. It is possible that the X5 was discontinued to early, and the lowering of the X7 price at an earlier point may also provide some benefits, however, the overall performance wit the firm gaining more market share on a lower profit per unit, but a higher overall profit has been a good strategy.
Hybrid vs. Gas Powered Cars
Currently, global warming and a shrinking natural resource base are two of the greatest headaches for governments and regulators alike the world over. The price of gas in the U.S., for instance, almost doubled over the last decade, from $1.86 in 2004 to $3.62 on average in the first half of 2014; and given that more than half of the country's oil consumption is taken up by motor vehicles, one question looms -- what will the situation on our roads be like when our oil reserves can no longer sustain our consumption needs? Then there is the even greater problem of greenhouse emissions and global warming. The transport sector accounts for approximately 17%-18% of total CO2 emission globally, and automakers have been under intense pressure to roll out emission-free automobiles, and thereby reduce the damage resulting from the Greenhouse effect. More and more regulators are…
IIHS. (2014). Hybrid Models have Lower Injury Odds than their Conventional Counterparts. Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS). Retrieved 5 November 2014 from http://www.iihs.org/iihs/news/desktopnews/hybrid-models-have-lower-injury-odds-than-their-conventional-counterparts
Markel, T. & Simpson, A. (2006). Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology. WEVA Journal, 1(1), 1-8.
Pavan, R.S. (2013). A Review on Hybrid Vehicles. International Journal of Research and Engineering and Technology, 2(5), 59-64.
Reddy, S.S. & Tharun, K.S. (2013). Eco-Friendly Vehicle: Hybrid Electric Vehicle. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 4(4), 957-960.
Successful and Unsuccessful Leaders
Coach K. and John Stumpf are leaders that have used differing styles of leadership. On one hand, Coach K. uses a transformational leadership style whilst Stumpf uses an authoritative style of leadership. Stumpf employed a controlling and intimidating technique whilst Coach K. uses a more interactive and relational approach. Coach K. has been a successful mentor and coach over the years by having good and healthy relation with his subordinates. Employees in Wells Fargo had a poor relation to John Stumpf as he failed to consider the perspectives of the employees. John Stumpf utilized his power and influence within Wells Fargo to change the behavior of personnel to conform to his controlling and authoritative culture. Coach K. uses his influence to not only be a leadership teacher and also coach, but also in people development. Taking these aspects into consideration, Mr. Stumpf is considered to be…
Bass, B. M., & Bass, R. (2009). The Bass handbook of leadership: Theory, research, and managerial applications. Simon and Schuster.
Davis, S. (2015). How did Mike Krzyzewski reach 1,000 wins? With a million small steps. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved from: http://www.si.com/college-basketball/2015/01/25/mike-krzyzewski-duke-blue-devils-1000-wins
Duran, D. (2015). Lessons from Duke's Coach K: 3 keys to leading an exceptional team. Investment News. Retrieved from: http://www.investmentnews.com/article/20150513/BLOG16/150519966/lessons-from-dukes-coach-k-3-keys-to-leading-an-exceptional-team
Egan, M. (2016). 5,300 Wells Fargo employees fired over 2 million phony accounts. CNN Money. Retrieved from: http://money.cnn.com/2016/09/08/investing/wells-fargo-created-phony-accounts-bank-fees/
Plato and Aristotle's political theories
The most capacious account of Plato's established philosophical views has been published in "The epublic" as a comprehensive handling of the most basic values for the behavior of human life. As it deals with a large number of matters, The epublic can be interpreted in a lot of diverse manner: as a discourse on political conjecture and observation, as an academic manual, or the manner in which to protect moral behavior for instance. (Plato: The State and the Soul) Politics written by Aristotle gives a substantial assessment of the beginning and configuration of the nation. (Theme Analysis: The Politics) A significant matter to keep in mind while taking into account the opinion and involvement of Aristotle in Philosophy is the fact that he was there 2000 years back. One of the early foundations done by him was Lykeion that was involved solely with pure sciences,…
Boeding, Ron. Ideals of Aristotle and Hayek: A Synthesis. Retrieved from http://nb.vse.cz/kfil/elogos/history/boeding.htm Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Conceptions of Equality/Plato, Aristotle and additions. Retrieved from http://pegasus.cc.ucf.edu/~stanlick/equality1.html Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Irbe, George. Aristotle's Spurned Legacy. 23 October, 2000. Retrieved from http://www.interlog.com/~girbe/Aristotle's%20legacy.html Accessed on 8 November, 2004
Kemerling, Garth. Aristotle: Politics and Art. 27 October 2001. Retrieved from http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/2t.htm Accessed on 8 November, 2004