Corrections Civil Court Proceedings Term Paper

Excerpt from Term Paper :

Criminal Justice System

Corrections, Civil Court proceedings

The role of the victim in the criminal justice system

To the victim, the processes of the criminal justice system can seem frightening and confusing. It is important for the victim to understand that the justice system unfolds in an orderly, sequential process, and while it may be frustrating at times, the multi-step nature of the justice system is also necessary. With most crimes, the first stage is the initial report. "Law enforcement officers receive the crime report from victims, witnesses, or other parties (or witness the crime themselves and make a report)" (The criminal justice system, 2013, National Center for Victims of Crime). After the initial report, then law enforcement conducts an investigation to see if a crime has been committed; who the perpetrator may be; and then they try to arrest the suspect after gathering evidence. "If they find a suspect and enough evidence, officers may arrest the suspect or issue a citation for the suspect to appear in court at a specific time" (The criminal justice system, 2013, National Center for Victims of Crime).

The police will then determine if there is enough evidence to charge the suspect with a crime. To amass more evidence, they may interview the victim once again and determine if he or she is a credible witness. If the suspect is charged, this process will be followed by his first court date. If the suspect cannot afford an attorney, one will be appointed for him or her. The accused may be released on bail or remanded into custody (The criminal justice system, 2013, National Center for Victims of Crime).

In approximately half the states of the union, a grand jury proceeding will follow in which it will be determined by a group of the accused's peers whether there is enough evidence to try him in a court of law. If the grand jury issues an indictment, formal charges can then be brought, and the accused enters a plea. During the period before the actual trial there may be a process of plea bargaining, in which the suspect may offer to plea to a lesser offense, if he or she meets certain conditions, such as giving state's evidence about another person accused of a crime. If there is no plea bargain, than a trial will ensue. Trials may be held…

Sources Used in Document:


The criminal justice system. (2013). National Center for Victims of Crime. Retrieved:

What are the differences between the civil and criminal justice system? (2013). National

Crime Victim Law Institute. Retrieved:

Cite This Term Paper:

"Corrections Civil Court Proceedings" (2013, March 24) Retrieved May 26, 2020, from

"Corrections Civil Court Proceedings" 24 March 2013. Web.26 May. 2020. <>

"Corrections Civil Court Proceedings", 24 March 2013, Accessed.26 May. 2020,