Crusades Critical Analysis Of Thomas Term Paper

Length: 4 pages Sources: 1 Subject: Mythology - Religion Type: Term Paper Paper: #49437703 Related Topics: Critical Analysis, Robin Hood, Jerusalem, Band Of Brothers
Excerpt from Term Paper :



One thing not even Madden can excuse is that cultural and social exchanges between Christians did not lead to compassion towards members of other faiths, particularly Jews. In fact, the crusading impulse invariably, more so with every successive crusade, brought examples of the persecution of Jews in the region. The first crusade almost immediately spawned mass killings of Jews down the Rhine en route to Jerusalem, supposedly because Jews' wealth was obtained through usury, or lending money at interest. Usury was prohibited by the Church, even though many Christians borrowed from Jews, and Jews were denied entry into almost every profession by the Church at the time, other than money-lending (Madden 17-19). Jews everywhere began to dread crusades, because they knew that their safety would be threatened by zealous Christians, or Christians who wanted an excuse to kill and steal from Jews.

The Third Crusade was lead by Richard the Lion-Hearted of England and Phillip of France. This third crusade provided the famous setting, of course, of the Robin Hood epics, which depicted the English populace suffering prohibitive taxes and controls during the reign of Richard's brother John, while Richard was attempting to secure Jerusalem at great political and economic expense to his nation. Richard's abuse of power was not limited to his foregoing his kingdom back home. Although Madden praises Richard's legendary valor, Richard also slaughtered 2,700 Muslims prisoners when negotiating with the Muslim leader of Jerusalem (Madden 84-88).

Even after all of this bloodshed, the 'fruits' of the first, second, third, and fourth crusades did not secure Jerusalem, which fell from Christian control in 1291. Yet Madden optimistically concludes that the "the crusades that failed or did not materialize," at least "forced Muslim powers to divert resources from conquest to their own defense," and freed vulnerable Western Europe in the long run from Turkish influences by weakening the...

...

The idea advanced by most historians that the reason Europe was so vulnerable during the crusading era to later onslaughts by foreign powers was because of a diversion of manpower from learning, medical, and technological advances to the crusades he likewise dismisses.

Madden also, perhaps most horrifyingly, defends some present day crusades in both his introduction and his conclusion. He mentions the terrorist attacks of 9/11 without contextualizing them, as a cooler historian might, in terms of the long-standing state of tensions that have existed between the Islamic and Christian world since, well, the crusades. Instead, Christian-Muslim tensions are wholly blamed on the supposed inherent brutality of Islamic culture. He delights in pointing out, that the Islamic faith had a notion of holy war before the Middle Ages and the crusades. Of course, this doctrinal point had done little to prevent the systematic persecution and killing religious minorities of Jews by Christians long before the crusades. Later crusades in the name of God, like the gold-seeking conquistadors in Mexico, he further suggests, were really motivated by morality not mammon, by the Spanish drive to eliminate human sacrifice...never mind the colonialism that followed.

In seeing the past, we are more likely to see ourselves. The arguments and data Madden presents may be correct, but his negative view of Islam makes it impossible for him to view his subject in an objective light. Madden presents himself as a truth-teller of sorts, writing against previous and negative accounts of the crusades. However, it is difficult to disagree with many of the dissenting opinions to his own thesis that he cites in his text. It still seems likely that these wars for God had multiple hidden motivations and further contributed to the hatred that existed between the major faiths of the world.

Works Cited

Madden, Thomas F. The New Concise History of the…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Madden, Thomas F. The New Concise History of the Crusades. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999.


Cite this Document:

"Crusades Critical Analysis Of Thomas" (2008, March 06) Retrieved July 31, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/crusades-critical-analysis-of-thomas-31695

"Crusades Critical Analysis Of Thomas" 06 March 2008. Web.31 July. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/crusades-critical-analysis-of-thomas-31695>

"Crusades Critical Analysis Of Thomas", 06 March 2008, Accessed.31 July. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/crusades-critical-analysis-of-thomas-31695

Related Documents
An Indepth Analysis of Racism in America Where Do We Stand
Words: 8232 Length: 25 Pages Topic: Racism Paper #: 79601836

Racism in America: Where do we stand? From the time of the New World's discovery in the year 1492, racism has remained at the forefront of U.S. history. Even in the present day, it is reported that in America, one Black man dies from police confrontations every 28 hours. A majority of these incidents even fail to show up in local newspapers and news channels. It is only occasionally that these

Delimitations Today, Modern Business Systems
Words: 20751 Length: 75 Pages Topic: Business Paper #: 13650636

A favorite target for conspiracists today as well as in the past, a group of European intellectuals created the Order of the Illuminati in May 1776, in Bavaria, Germany, under the leadership of Adam Weishaupt (Atkins, 2002). In this regard, Stewart (2002) reports that, "The 'great' conspiracy organized in the last half of the eighteenth century through the efforts of a number of secret societies that were striving for

Air Traffic
Words: 28110 Length: 102 Pages Topic: Medical - Diseases Paper #: 54322150

Air traffic has continued to increase and it now constitutes a considerable proportion of the travelling public. The amount of long-hour flights has increased significantly. Based on the International Civil Aviation authority, air traffic can be anticipated to double amid till 2020. Airline travel, especially over longer distances, makes air travelers vulnerable to numerous facets that will impact their health and well-being. Particularly, the speed with which influenza spreads and

Conflict and Security International Relations
Words: 1413 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Government Paper #: 29781698

95-133. In this selection, Chong examines the foreign policy used by Singapore during the 1990s to establish its credentials as a full participant in the international conversation. I will use the examples explored in this article to support the thesis that soft power is a realistic and viable choice of policy. Fukuyama, Francis, "The End of History?" National Interest 16 Summer 1989, pp. 3-18. Fukuyama's assertion that the fall of the Soviet

Interventionism From the Perspective of Realism Vs.
Words: 13409 Length: 44 Pages Topic: History - Israel Paper #: 80916514

interventionism from the perspective of realism vs. idealism. Realism is defined in relationship to states' national interests whereas idealism is defined in relation to the UN's Responsibility to Protect doctrine -- a doctrine heavily influenced by Western rhetoric over the past decade. By addressing the question of interventionism from this standpoint, by way of a case study of Libya and Syria, a picture of the realistic implications of "humanitarian

Catholic Church in Spain and the United States
Words: 19318 Length: 70 Pages Topic: Mythology - Religion Paper #: 43001444

Catholic church and public policy have remarked that the members of American clergy in general, without even excepting those who do not admit religious liberty, are all in favour of civil freedom; but they do not support any particular political system. They keep aloof from parties, and from public affairs. In the United States religion exercises but little influence upon laws, and upon the details of public opinion; but it