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Functionalist Theory: Critical Analysis
A very basic and inadequate description of Functionalist Theory is that it is a social/anthropological theory that people within a society generally agree on what is worthwhile/good, and that this agreement or value forms the basis of cooperation, stability and order within that society. These values are stratified or ranked in society and allow the evaluation and ranking of individuals within society: people who are successful in terms of those values receive a high ranking and be rewarded; people who are less successful in terms of those values receive a low ranking and are not rewarded. (Sociology Guide.com, 2011).
Comparison of Three Theorists in the Functionalist Category: John Dewey, Talcott Parsons and Robert K. Merton
John Dewey (1859 -- 1952) was a philosopher and psychologist who was also one of the founders of the Functionalist Theory within his field of Psychology. Intent on advocating democracy, Dewey…
Fallace, T.D. (2010). The mind at every stage has its own logic: Thomas Dewey as Genetic Psychologist. Educational Theory, 60(2), 129-146. Retrieved on February 11, 2012 from Shailendrag.wikispaces.com Web site.
Holton, G. (2004). Robert K. Merton. Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, December 2004 (pp. 506-517). American Philosophical Society.
Keel, R.O. (2011, February 23). Structural functionalism. Retrieved on February 11, 2012 from UMSL.edu Web site: http://www.umsl.edu/~keelr/3210/3210_lectures/structural_functionalism.html
Schugurensky, D. (2006). History of education: Selected moments of the 20th century. Retrieved on February 11, 2012 from University of Toronto Web site: http://legacy.oise.utoronto.ca/research/edu20/moments/1951parsons.html
Poetic Critical Analysis
Victor Hugo's "A l'ombre d'un enfant"
It is not until the end of the poem that the reader comprehends that Hugo or the narrator or the reader as narrator, converses with a heavenly orphan. This poem is beautifully heart breaking and tragic. The turn of phrase is masterful. This is truly what critics refer to as "poetic." Let the analysis commence from the poem's beginning since the poem's end has already been mentioned.
The first word of the poem is "Oh!" This is an exclamation. It is reminiscent of Biblical verses, hymns, and epic poetry. Hence Hugo invokes the quality of the epic poem immediately. Then he begins, just as epic poems do, in medias res, Latin for "in the middle of things." Epic poems never begin at the beginning of the epic; epic poetry is an exercise in non-linear storytelling. The narratives of epic poems begin…
Bailey, John C. "Victor Hugo: A Study of the French Poet." Nine Studies in the Greater French Poets. Archibald Constable and Company, London, 1907.
Barrere, Jean-Bertrand. "Victor Hugo." The Encyclopedia Britannica. Available from: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/274974/Victor-Hugo
Brooklyn College English Department. A Companion Text for Core Studies 6 -- Landmarks of Literature: Romanticism. Brooklyn, NY, 2009. Available from http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/english/melani/cs6/rom.html .
Jalic, Inc. "Victor Hugo: Biography." Available from http://www.online-literature.com/victor_hugo/ . 2012 February 23.
eflex Systems, Critical Analysis of Human Behavior Under Stress Case Study
The scenario presented in the case study titled eflex Systems concerns an all too common managerial dilemma encountered by Henry ankin, a project leader in the company's information technology (IT) department responsible for overseeing the implementation of an upgraded system of customer relationship management (CM) software. With a national sales force of 310 employees and major regional sales offices in both Los Angeles and Chicago, eflex Systems is a viable enterprise within the wider exercise equipment industry, but the company's inability to provide effective customer service has significantly reduced the rate of follow-up sales. ankin was directed to achieve the full adoption of new CM technology within a 10-week timeframe by Nicole Dyer -- who serves as Senior Vice President for Information Technology at eflex Systems and is ankin's direct superior -- while the company's CEO ordered the system…
Daft, R.L., & Marcic, D. (2011). Understanding management. Cengage Learning.
Goudreau, J. (2007, August 05). Dispatches from the war on stress. Bloomberg Businessweek
Magazine. Retrieved from http://www.businessweek.com/stories/2007-08-05/dispatches-from-the-war-on-stress
Hymowitz, C. (2007, April 23). Bosses have to learn how to confront troubled employees. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from http://online.wsj.com/news/articles/SB117728763130878499
.. celebrating Mass, hearing confessions, teaching theology, preaching, giving spiritual direction, directing the Spiritual Exercises, nursing the victims of plagues, championing the socially deprived..." (History of Jesuits, 2006) The identifying feature of the Society of Jesus was its:
total availability for mission...members would be ready to go anywhere in the world, at whatever cost to themselves to undertake whatever ministry was required. Instead of living in stable monastic communities, they would be flexible and mobile, frequently on the move." (History of Jesuits, 2006)
V. Good in Everything? Indeed.
Macleod relates beautifully that Jesus died among those whose lives, both physical and spiritual that he had made his business while upon the earth. Macleod with just a few words assists the reader in understanding that among all the negative factors described by MacLeod, that something precious to Jesus was to be found in the city where he died and that Jesus…
Landmarking: City, Church, & Jesuit Urban Strategy by Thomas Lucas
Called to the Cities: The Spiritual Trajectories of the Early Church and Ignatius" (2006) Loyola College of Maryland. Online available at http://www.loyola.edu/yotc/ignatius.html
George MacLeod's Description of the Crucifixion of Jesus Christ
One thing not even Madden can excuse is that cultural and social exchanges between Christians did not lead to compassion towards members of other faiths, particularly Jews. In fact, the crusading impulse invariably, more so with every successive crusade, brought examples of the persecution of Jews in the region. The first crusade almost immediately spawned mass killings of Jews down the Rhine en route to Jerusalem, supposedly because Jews' wealth was obtained through usury, or lending money at interest. Usury was prohibited by the Church, even though many Christians borrowed from Jews, and Jews were denied entry into almost every profession by the Church at the time, other than money-lending (Madden 17-19). Jews everywhere began to dread crusades, because they knew that their safety would be threatened by zealous Christians, or Christians who wanted an excuse to kill and steal from Jews.
The Third Crusade was lead by Richard the…
Madden, Thomas F. The New Concise History of the Crusades. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 1999.
Signs of Safety Practice Model
Critical Analysis Practice Model ead Signs Safety text (Turnell, A. & Edwards, S. (1999). Signs safety: a solution safety oriented approach child protection. New York W.W. Norton. ) learn Signs Safety practice model, heavily relied Minnesota child welfare practice community.
The Signs of Safety child protection practice model was adopted as a policy to create better outcomes for vulnerable children. The purpose of the model was to deepen the practice by applying principles and disciplines which affect the assessment, management and safety planning when working with children. It was aimed at ensuring those who are new or relatively inexperienced to gain experience in working with children. It is grounded on improving the relationship between social workers and children and ensuring that child protection is done in a safety-organized fashion which helps families in building the safety of children. A major strength of the Signs of…
Dingwall, R., Eekelaar, J., & Murray, T. (1983). The protection of children; State intervention and family life. Oxford: Blackwell.
Seden, J. (2001). Assessment of children in need and their families: a literature review. In D. o. H. a. H. Services (Ed.), Studies informing the Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families. London: The Stationery Office.
A Critical Analysis
Problem Areas for Yahoo
Search Engine Industry eview
Yahoo! In the Light of Porter's Theory
Threat of New Entrants
Threat of Substitutes
Bargaining Power of Suppliers
Bargaining Power of Customer
Competition in the Industry
Strategic Plans of Yahoo!
Yahoo! Stakeholders & Other Strategic Partners
ealign the focus of Employees without layoffs
Improve the Algorithm
Apply the Algorithm
edeploy the Advertising Network
Expand the Ad Network
The Implementation of Outside Publishers
Yahoo! is one of the pioneers of what virtual internet world looks like today. Incorporated with the sole objective of providing internet service to both end-users and businesses, Yahoo! has transformed into more than that. It was founded by David Filo and Jerry Yang in 1995. Since then Yahoo! has enjoyed the status of market leader for several years. However with introduction of Google and tough competition from organizations…
Arthur, C. (2012). Yahoo files lawsuit against Facebook. . Retrieved 23 August 2012 from http://www.guardian.co.uk/technology/2012/mar/12/yahoo-files-patent-lawsuit-facebook
Barcharts. (2012). Yhoo! Inc. Key ratios. Retreievd August 25, 2012 from http://www.barchart.com/profile.php?sym=YHOO&view=ratios
Barcharts. (2012). Yhoo! Inc. Key Statistics. Retrieved August 25, 2012 from http://www.barchart.com/profile.php?sym=YHOO&view=key_statistics
Carlson, S. (2011). BLAMMO! Huge Yahoo Stakeholder Calls For Chairman Roy Bostock's Head. Reterived from http://articles.businessinsider.com/2011-09-08/tech/30126913_1_carol-bartz-yahoo-alipay
It is certainly not something that one does for money and financial gain. Many charities are full of people that use the generosity of others to line their own pockets through salaries and other hidden boons to them but the tactics and precepts of AGF run completely opposite to that and that is insanely obvious if one looks at either the constitution and other documents or if one listens to anyone who works there. Having it in print is one thing but enforcing and following it is quite another and it is clear that AGF does both of those in convincing fashion.
Even with all of the good will and generosity, there are challenges that present themselves. First, money is not an infinite resource and the flow of donations and other support can become constricted at certain times. A good example of this was during the global recession of 2007-2009,…
A Critical Analysis of an Imminent Analysis
A Critical Analysis of an Imminent Hanging
Crain provides compelling arguments in support of his thesis in "An Imminent Hanging." (2011) Crain's primary concern is with the public and private sector's efforts to minimize the role of collective bargaining in the 21st century workplace. He contends that collective bargaining erodes the hard-fought and hard-won gains unions extract from employers who value profit over people and do not recognize their employees as their greatest resources. Such employers create adversarial and confrontational workplace environments with influence that extends to pieces of legislation such as the National Labor elations Act (NLA), which serve to further exacerbate the "we vs. them" dynamic in management-labor relations of the modern day. This paper serves as a critical analysis of Crain's ideas and writing.
Crain begins by citing several examples of the history of legislation in…
Crain, M. (2011) An Imminent Hanging. ABA Journal Of Labor & Employment Law, 26(2), 151-160.
Specter, A., & Nguyen, E.S. (2008) Representation Without Intimidation: Securing Workers' Right to Choose Under the National Labor Relations Act. Harvard Journal on Legislation, 45, 311 -- 334.
8th Grade Science
Literature eview Critical Analysis
Middle school science is a critical preparatory program for high school science education. Teaching 8th grade science is a component of the foundation for high school biology, chemistry and physics which are essentially college preparatory courses. The ____Insert district name info here____ Independent School District considers science in the 8th grade to have measured core competencies of problem solving with unit conversion, understanding and applying the scientific method, and demonstrating an understanding of scientific discover through laboratory experiments. Science in the 8th grade within this district is taught in a lecture classroom adjacent to a laboratory with benches and equipment. The curriculum covers primarily the hard physical sciences of chemistry and physics with associated laboratory experiments and experimental write ups. Students are expected to focus on application of concepts that apply concrete, but difficult-to-visualize ideas to experiments so that the principles covered within…
Bretz, S.L. (2012) Navigating the Landscape of Assessment, Journal of Chemical Education, 89, 689-691.
Campbell, D.J. Bannon, S.J. Gunter, M.M. (2011) Gas Property Demonstrations Using Plastic Water Bottles, Journal of Chemical Education 88, 784-785.
Mayer, K. (2011) Addressing Student's Misconceptions about Gases, Mass, and Composition, Journal of Chemical Education, 88, 1, 111-115.
Robins, L. Villagomez, V. Dokter, D. Christopher, E. Ortiz, C. Passmore, C. Smith, M. (2009) Teacher research: challenging our assumptions: an investigation into student understanding of the gas laws. The Science Teacher 24, 184-188.
Lareau's Unequal Childhoods: Class, Race, and Family Life reveals some of the root causes of social injustice and inequity in American society. The author's analysis is astute and relevant to current social trends. Taking a structuralist perspective allows Lareau to explore the patterns and normative behaviors within different income categories, to show how those patterns influence inter-generational disparities and perpetuate problems like economic disparity. The gap between rich and poor has widened, and continues to grow in the United States, making Lareau's book an important read (Hargreaves, 2013, p. 1). Fewer than ten percent of poor Americans receive even a four-year degree (Hargreaves, 2013). Income or wealth disparity impacts not only educational attainment but also measurable health outcomes (Hargreaves, 2013). Therefore, it is important to understand the underlying dynamics that lead to inequalities in education and wealth.
In Unequal Childhoods, Lareau talks a lot about language…
Dumais, S.A., Kessinger, R.J. & Ghosh, B. (2012). Concerted Cultivation and Teachers' Evaluations of Students: Exploring the Intersection of Race and Parents' Educational Attainment. Sociological Perspectives 55(1): 17-42.
Irwin, S. & Elley, S. (2011). Concerted cultivation? Sociology 45(3): 480-495.
Lareau, A. (2003). Unequal Childhoods. Berkeley: University of California Press.
A Critical Analysis of the Disintergration of the Persistence of Memory
About the ork
The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory was painted in the 1950's (1952-1954) by Salvador Dali. (The Dali Museum, N.d.). The painting is small in size and measures about ten inches by thirteen inches (iki Paintings, N.d.). Includes one of the artist's more striking features that is included in many of his works -- the melting watch. This painting actually includes three melting watches and suggest that time has some level of fluidity. That time isn't necessarily as static as it may seem. The piece is currently housed in the Salvador Dali Museum in St. Petersburg, Florida (Choudhury, 2010).
FROM THE ORK
The lines in the work are rather blurry and the objects portrayed in a fluid motion as if they are melting away. The lighting is consistent with an outdoor dusk or dawn…
Choudhury, J. (2010, September 15). Salvador Dali's The Disintergration of the Persistence of Memory. Retrieved from Art is never finished, only adandoned: http://artcritique.wordpress.com/2010/09/15/salvador-dalis-the-disintegration-of-the-persistence-of-memory-ii/
The Dali Museum. (N.d.). The Disintegration of Persistence of Memory. Retrieved from The Dali Museum: http://thedali.org/exhibits/highlights/the_disintegration_of_persistence_of_memory.php
Wiki Paintings. (N.d.). The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory. Retrieved from Wiki Paintings: http://www.wikipaintings.org/en/salvador-dali/the-disintegration-of-the-persistence-of-memory
Essay 2 (Choice 1): A Critical Analysis of Modernism and T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
T.S. Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock” takes the form of a dramatic monologue, in which the narrator, using a persona which is obviously not that of the actual author, opens up his heart and mind to the reader. Prufrock is a uniquely modernist monologue because rather than choosing someone who is typically heroic, Eliot uses a protagonist who is trapped in a dull and uneventful life. Prufrock is afraid to show his passion to an unnamed woman. He is alienated from his society, which he describes as dull and pretentious, but cannot rise above it. Prufrock senses that there is a better way of life, full of love and higher aspirations for himself, but cannot attain his dreams.
The fact that Prufrock is a very ordinary man is…
Eliot, T.S. “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock.” Bartleby. Web. 4 Mar 2018. http://www.bartleby.com/198/1.html
Critical Analysis: War is a Racket
Butler is correct: war is racket. He describes a racket as an operation that costs many but benefits a few—and that describes war well enough. Hundreds of thousands of lives are put on the line while a handful profit—investors, bankers, speculators and industrialists, for example, all of whom stood to make out like bandits from the Spanish-American war. Wars are invariably fought over some pretense: the Spanish-American War was launched because of an explosion on The Maine, which our yellow journalists quickly blamed on Spain, which allowed our leaders (who always have a cozy relationship with our bankers, speculators and industrialists) to go take the Philippines. In WWI, it was the Lusitania. In Vietnam, it was Gulf of Tonkin. In WWII, it was Pearl Harbor. For the current ME disaster, it was 9/11 and then the mobile weapons labs and phony evidence regarding yellow…
Children's Museum: Critical Analysis of the Exhibit.
For many young children, family visits to local science museums or zoos are commonplace events in their lives. The increasing popularity of science museums as sites of choice for family recreation and learning is affirmed by the surge in construction of new children's museums and continued increases in science museum attendance rates in the U.S. (Association of Children's Museums, 2009). Children's museums commonly include exhibits that focus on both sciences content and process skills. In 1975, there were approximately 38 children's museums in America while 243 exist today. Furthermore, an additional 78 children's museums are currently in the planning stage throughout the country.
Similarly, museum attendance in the U.S. has increased to the point where it is estimated that one in five Americans visited a science museum in 2008 (Association of Science and Technology Centres, 2009). Families account for more than half of…
Association of Children's Museums. "Stats and trends." (2009). Web. April 15, 2011, http://www.childrensmuseums.org/about/facts.htm .
Association of Science and Technology Centers "Science centre highlights." (2009) Web April 15, 2011, http://www.astc.org/about/pdf/Backgrounders/Highlights2009.pdf.
Allen, S Designs for learning: Studying science museum exhibits that do more than entertain. Science Education, 88(S1), (2004).S17-S33. Print
Falk, J.H., Moussouri, T., & Coulson, D The effect of visitors' agendas on museum learning. Curator, 41(2), (1998), 107-120. Print
Yes, the Oedipus complex aspect of Shakespeare it gives us and which in turn invites us to think about the issue of subjectivity, the myth and its relation to psychoanalytic theory. (Selfe, 1999, p292-322)
Hemlet and Postcolonial theory
Postcolonial theory was born as a result of the publication of the famous work of Edward Said, Orientalism (1978). This theory claim that some authors (Paul Gilroy, Achille Mbembe, Francoise Verges, etc.) and that seem so elegant in its formulation, in my opinion raises three fundamental problems: At a time when we are witnessing the emergence of new expressions of colonialism (colonialism, cultural, political and economic globalization, neo-colonialism nestled in the relationship between the hegemonic colonial past and their old colonies, colonialism in disguise that structure the relationship between international institutions and developing countries, institutions from the rest behest of the former colonial powers according to their interests), speak of post-colonial era…
Aragay, Mireia, and Gemma Lopez. 2005. "Inflecting Pride and Prejudice: Dialogism, Intertextuality, and Adaptation." Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Ed. Mireia Aragay. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p201-19.
Aragay, Mireia, ed. 2005. Books in Motion: Adaptation, Intertextuality, Authorship. Amsterdam and New York: Rodopi, p88-96.
Baetens, Jan. 2007. "From Screen to Text: Novelization, the Hidden Continent." The Cambridge Companion to Literature on Screen. Ed. Deborah Cartmell and Imelda Whelehan. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, p226-38.
Balides, Constance. 2000. "Jurassic Post-Fordism: Tall Tales of Economics in the Theme Park." Screen 4 I .2: p139-60.
For Arrietty, the boy represents the unknown elements of adult life. She has no young men within the walls with whom she can form relationships, marry or start a family. The boy is the first young male she has ever met. One of the first things he points out to her is the obviousness of her situation. "One day," he told her, smiling triumphantly, "you'll be the only Borrower left in the world!" (87). The boy's purpose is to shake the family out of isolation and inertia and force them out into the larger world.
Mrs. Driver, the cook, was created by Mary Norton to represent the adult double standard of "do as I say, not as I do." She mistrusts children and Borrowers because they are disruptive elements to her system of order and authority. These disruptions have the potential to threaten her livelihood and her personal…
Norton, Mary. The Borrowers. New York: Scholastic, Inc., 1981. Print.
Secondly, development programs may prove enticing enough to potential employees. Therefore, the company can use them in order to attract the desired staff capable of inducing the organization's growth.
Thirdly, if existing employees are trained for different or more complex tasks, these may become eligible for vacant positions or may handle a wider range of activities. In this context, the company saves money by reducing its need to hire.
Another benefit of development consists of rewarding loyal employees who after learning new skills are promoted to higher positions. This also accounts for a company's performance.
Last, but not least, development strategies allow employees to be more independent or, in other words, they give them wings to fly. This autonomy cuts off the supervision costs, thus increasing the company's efficiency, and inherently, performance (http://www.allbusiness.com/human-resources/careers-job-training/1151-1.html).
Employee training also plays a major part in maintaining a work/life balance. This is essential for the…
1. Goldstein, S., 2003. Employee Development: An examination of service strategy in a high-contact service environment, [Online], Available:
2007, January 30].
2. Gross, B., 2000. Effective Training Programs for Managers, [Online], Available:
Fass does a remarkable job of pointing out how during the 1920s acute transformation was occurring within the United States. Fass uses Flappers to demonstrate the problem of youth, and shows how flappers were associated with sex, frivolity, licentiousness and the general lack of regard for order characterized by most young people at the time (Fass, 260).
Fass does not however suggest that total disorder reined supreme, pointing out that many students for example took heed of traditional social norms including the prohibition of drinking, where students recognized "a clear code of limitation on drinking" and respected them by and large (Fass, 316). However this held for only the early part of the 1920s, and social order did again begin to shift away from propriety as "youth's behavior and attitudes reflected a common unofficial standard among adults" (Fass, 316).
Most striking in this work is Fass's knowledgeable account of youth…
Fass, Paula S. 1977 The Damned and the Beautiful: American Youth in the 1920's. New York: Oxford University Press.
The problem in having a firm grasp of critical thought is that it can be clouded by many different distractions and affected by variables outside of controllable circumstances. One of these factors is cognitive development. It is evident that cognitive development as a strong overall impact on the development of critical thinking. Genetics plays a strong role within cognitive development, as individuals are all born with differing genetic levels of comprehension and thus some people will have better critical thinking abilities purely based on their genes. The circumstances that an individual grows up in also have a profound effect on their critical thinking abilities and process. This is because as an individual grows up they can form differing opinions and stigmas that are taught both explicitly and implicitly through cultural doctrine, social convention, as well as education in both informal settings such as at home as well as formal settings…
UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition
Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.
Criteria for Grading Assignments
Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.
Criteria for Grading Written Assignments
(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)
(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)
The Things They Carried is a fictional work published by Tim O’Brien in 1990 that depicts the experiences of several American soldiers dealing with boredom and trauma during the Vietnam War. It comprises twenty-two interrelated short stories on the experience and traumatic aftermath of the Vietnam War with the first piece focusing on the things these soldiers carried to the battlefield. Martha is one of the female characters in this fictional work who is mentioned repeatedly in the first piece. The author depicts Martha as Lieutenant Jimmy Cross friend who is interested in a romantic relationship with her. Even though Martha views the lieutenant as a friend, he keeps fantasizing about her. As Lieutenant Cross’ friend, Martha’s role in the book is not very clear despite being mentioned severally in the first piece. Martha symbolizes love, social support, and danger through the letters, photos and distraction she gave…
Rule of the Bone
About the author
The author Russell Banks writes in the manner that infused his stories with a sadistic honesty and moral goodness that his characters strive to live up to. He writes in striking and most often sad tones about the drama of daily life (Anderson, eye net).
Furthermore, his themes of failure, of weakness, of the complexity of living an honest life were often desolating, but all his stories does contain a positive wisdom to them along with a sense of optimism found in the details that he carefully draws out of his characters' routine and everyday realities (Anderson, eye net). Hence, in my opinion no modern author writes more delicately about common man's uncertain search for the American grail of material ease and self-esteem than Russell Banks.
About the book
In writing Rule of the Bone the author Russell Banks took almost a year…
Anderson, Jason. Eye. Russell Banks.
Donahue, Deirdre. Russell Banks' Bone cuts right to the flawed family. USA Today.
Sanneh (2015) writes that Baltimore's crime statistics are complex: while killings have decreased in the several years since Coates' childhood, the population level of the city has also dropped. However, it can be said that United States (U.S.) crime rates, on the whole, have dwindled from the early 1990s, and the incarcerated U.S. population (unusually high compared to other nations) appears to have ceased rising. As regards police killings, every single one is heartrending, while the unjustified killings are downright shocking. For example, European police departments are far less prone to kill. However, no evidence exists to suggest a modern-day epidemic. While scant reliable nationwide data exists, records are maintained by the New York Police Department (NYPD). In the year 1973, when the ockefeller drug laws were signed, 58 individuals were shot to death by the NYPD; in the latest year for which the department holds records, 2013, there were…
Blumstein, A. (1993). "Racial Disproportionality of U.S. Prison Populations Revisited," University of Colorado Law Review, Vol. 64, No. 3.
Mauer, M. (1990). "Young Black Men and the Criminal Justice System: A Growing National Problem," The Sentencing Project.
Mauer, M., & Huling, T. (1995). Young Black Americans and the Criminal Justice System: Five Years Later. The Sentencing Project.
Sanneh, K. (2015). Body Count. Engulfed by crime, many blacks once agitated for more police and harsher penalties. A Critic at Large
Shui Fabric Case
The purpose of writing this paper is to discuss and analyze the case of Shui Fabrics, which is a joint venture of an American and Chinese company. This assignment will explain the problems identified by the global managers at Shui Fabrics and will also suggest possible solutions to manage these problems in a global environment. This paper will give the opportunity to integrate the management skills and apply the global concepts learned in the course.
One of the problems with the managers working on international level is their inability to understand the culture and environment of the other country. Similar is the case with Shui Fabrics, which is 10 years old 50-50 joint venture, textile company manufacturing fabrics for both Chinese and international market. A problem arises when ay Betzell, who is the general manager of the venture since 5 years, founds himself stuck in…
Daft, R. (2010). Management. Venderbilt University. Ninth Edition. South Western Cengage
Dowling, P.J. Festing M.and Engle, A.D (2008a). Managing People in an International Context.
Fifth Edition. South Western Cengage Learning.
products or service of your chosen organization, and two (2) key factors in the organization's external environment that can affect its success. Provide explanation to support the rationale.
De Beers is the world's famous diamond company, established in 1888, with proficiency in exploration, mining and marketing of diamonds. More than 20,000 employees make contribution to the communities in which we work. De Beers carries out profitable business which helps the government reach their aims of turning natural resources into natural wealth and is working to provide good long-term development for Africa. Anglo American and the Government of the epublic of Botswana are the two shareholders of De Beers, 85% and 15% respectively. This company is made up of fully owned partnerships, investments and subsidiaries. It is involved in most of the diamond chain value such as exploration in four continents, mining in Namibia, Canada, South Africa and Botswana; valuation, arrangement,…
Austin JE (2000) The Collaboration Challenge: How Nonprofits and Businesses Succeed Through Strategic Alliances. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Baker, R (2010). Pepsi Reveals Sustainable Business Plan', Marketing Week U.K., 19 October. Available from: http://www.marketingweek.co.uk/sectors/sustainability/pepsico-reveals-sustainable-businessplan/3019459.article
Barkay, T. (2013). When Business and Community Meet: A Case Study of Coca-Cola. Critical Sociology, 39: 277.
Bieri1, F. And Boli, J. (2011). Trading Diamonds Responsibly: Institutional Explanations for Corporate Social Responsibility. Eastern Sociological Society.
I also assumed that the nurse I was observing would likely support the doctor and try to talk the patient into changing her mind. My assumptions were incorrect. Later I took the time to reflect upon my reaction to the situation.
After thinking through the entire situation, it is my belief that she did make the right choice, she no longer wished to live a life tied to a machine, wheeled about in a chair and unable to enjoy even the smallest of pleasures. As a nurse, my approach would be to comfort the patient, understanding and giving support to the family and friends who are attempting to support the patient. The patient is experiencing enough trauma, and should be fully supported in making whatever decision is best for that particular individual.
Other nurses might disagree. One study determined that even though 80% of newly graduated nurses have developed a…
Drennan, J.; (2010) Critical thinking as an outcome of a Master's degree in nursing programme, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 66, Issue 2, pp. 422 -- 431
Wangensteen, S.; Johannson, I.S.; Bjorkstrom, M.E.; Nordstrom, G.; (2010) Critical thinking dispositions among newly graduated nurses, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 66, Issue 10, pp. 2170-2181
With the debate and analysis aspects, critical thinking is, in fact, incorporated in the decision making process.
With the description of these three important elements of the decision making process (discussion, debate, and analysis), one can better understand the important and benefits of critical thinking in the decision making process. First of all, with critical thinking, everybody in the group is allowed to express and argue for his own opinion. There are several benefits deriving from this, most notably the fact that the final decision is likely to be embraced by all members in the group and the fact that the discussion and debate can generate a large volume of ideas and opinions, making the final decision one that better reflects reality.
The other great benefit comes from the analysis part of both the critical thinking and the decision making processes. The fact that critical thinking is part of the…
1. Facione, Peter. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus For Purposes Of Educational Assessment and Instruction. 1990. American Philosophical Association Delphi Research Report
2. Moore, Brooke; Parker, Richard. Critical Thinking. McGraw-Hill; 7th edition. 2007.
3. Lipset, S.M. (Ed.). (1995). The encyclopedia of democracy. Washington DC: Congressional Quarterly
Facione, Peter. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus For Purposes Of Educational Assessment and Instruction. 1990. American Philosophical Association Delphi Research Report
elf-regulation and analysis are interpersonal skills used by the nurse to convey potentially upsetting news, or to analyze the nurse's own behavior and professionalism in his or her nursing duties.
Critical thinking in nursing is further delineated by the UNM College of Nursing (2005). As seen above, this aspect of the profession is not only essential in terms of the patient-nurse relationship, but also in terms of the intrapersonal relationship of the nurse with him- or herself. The self-regulation and morality developed by means of critical thinking in the profession helps the nurse to make the often difficult decisions required on a daily basis. It also provides the nurse with the ability to serve as a liberating force for patients and their families, as the nurse helps them to face medical dilemmas.
Facione, Peter A. (2004). "Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts." California Academic Press. http://www.insightassessment.com/pdf_files/what&why2004.pdf…
Facione, Peter A. (2004). "Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts." California Academic Press. http://www.insightassessment.com/pdf_files/what&why2004.pdf
UNM College of Nursing. (2005, Sept. 16-17). "What is critical thinking? http://hsc.unm.edu/consg/conct/whatis.shtml
Critical Path Method (CPM) and Critical Chain Method (CCM). How is CCM an improvement over CPM?
The concept of paths and the slacks on the path have been around the management circles from the 1960s, with the concept of slack being defined as the amount of time an activity on a production line can be halted without affecting the project completion date. (Hansen, 1964) Likewise the critical path and the critical management of work flow are not new concepts. However the way they come to be viewed are new. The project planning begins with the concept of what is to be achieved, how it will be achieved and the time and method that will be used in completing the project. There are many variables that are to be considered that include dependence is, slack and the work flow and allocation of work and the performance appraisal. It also…
Hansen, B.J. (1964) "Practical Pert: including Critical Path Method"
Herroelen, Willy; Leus, Roel. (2001) "On the merits and pitfalls of critical chain scheduling"
Journal of Operations Management, vol. 19, no. 5, pp: 559 -- 577.
Changes in and to children's literature mirror, as well as construct, changes in social norms. For example, the 1908 book by Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows, is a frolicking fantasy tale starring a cast of anthropomorphic animals. Themes of camaraderie, friendship, and adventure do not serve as vehicles for political discourse. When Jan Needle published Wild Wood nearly a century later in 1981, the author imbued the basic structure of Grahame's story with political awareness. Issues like social justice are explored in Wild Wood, issues that were not touched upon in Wind in the Willows. A similar vehicle of storytelling was used for a different literary function. Both 1908 and 1981 were times ripe for the exploration of labor issues and class-consciousness, and it is in many ways ironic that Needle would have been more overtly political than his forebear.
There seems to have been a deliberate awakening of…
"Children's Book of the Year Awards." Retrieved online: http://cbca.org.au/awards.htm
DAWCL. Website retrieved: http://www.dawcl.com/introduction.html
Leland, C., Harste, J., Ociepka, A., Lewison, M. & Vasquez, V. (1999). Exploring critical literacy: You can hear a pin drop. Language Arts, v77 n1 p70-77 Sep 1999.
Shor, I. (1997). What is critical literacy? Journal for Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice. Retrieved online: http://www.lesley.edu/journals/jppp/4/shor.html
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security
Everyone navigates their way through the world using a set of preconceived ideas, stereotypes, notions and beliefs concerning how things work and how others will behave in any given situation. Not surprisingly, many people are surprised and even shocked to learn that some of the things they have firmly believed to be true all of their lives are inaccurate or even false. These frailties of the human condition mean that the search for the truth is ongoing and learning how to find it represents a critical part of the skill set needed in the 21st century. This paper provides a discussion and comparison of "elements of truth" and the "right questions" that should be asked in any given situation to discern the facts, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.
eview and Discussion
Not only does…
Browne, N. & Keeley, S.M. (2012). Asking the right questions. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice.
UPB management will be able to capitalize on the five years of training and other investments in Mark Williams
The colleagues will feel a sense of security as Williams has decided to stick with the company
Costs with replacing him will now be incurred and the money could be used in another direction
UPB clients will be content as they will not have to switch consultants
Mark Williams will feel loyal and the sense that he has betrayed his 'savior' will not torment him
Mark Williams will continually feel frustrated with the sense of things at UPB
He will give up his opportunities for further professional development and promotions
It is highly possible that his sacrifice will not even be recognized by the UPB stakeholders
Mark Williams graduated Business College and found a job at UBP Consulting in a time in which nobody else…
Brown, C., Ethical Theories Compared, Trinity University, 2001, http://www.trinity.edu/cbrown/intro/ethical_theories.html last accessed on June 26, 2009
Geuras, D., Garofalo, C., Practical Ethics in Public Administration, 2nd Edition, 2005, Management Concepts, ISBN 1567261612
Todd, H.C., Speaking of Ethics -- Changing Jobs, The District of Columbia Bar, 2009, http://www.dcbar.org/for_lawyers/resources/publications/washington_lawyer/march_2009/ethics.cfm last accessed on June 26, 2009
Critical Thinking Case Study: Let it Pour - My First Assignment as Executive Assistant
Key Problems and Issues
The first of the problems are coming from the origin of the hospital as it is an organization with a lot of spiritual heritage and values. These have to be retained even while providing all the required services and satisfaction for the patients. The second problem that the hospital is facing is due to the difficulties that exist in the operations of any hospital, and those difficulties exist irrespective of the mission or the origin of the hospital. One of the problems from this origin is the headlines and extensive coverage given by the media to medical errors that hospitals are committing. These are mentioned and reflect on all hospitals whether they are a party to such errors or not. Another problem arises from the differences within the issues of living up…
Baldwin, Fred. "Emergency Room Drama: Be Prepared Before a Crisis Happens" Retrieved
from http://www.icepts.com/pennmed/25-147.htm Accessed on 23 June, 2005
Colliver, Victoria. (12 April, 2005) "St. Luke's could face merger California Pacific may join forces with S.F. hospital known for treating poor" San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2005/04/12/BUG63C6H4T1.DTL& ; type=business Accessed on 23 June, 2005
Evans BJ; Kiellerup FD; Stanley RO; Burrows GD; Sweet B. "A communication skills program for increasing patient's satisfaction with general practice consultations" Br Journal of Medical Psychology. 1987; December: 60 (Pt 4):373-378. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?cmd=Retrieve& ; db=PubMed& list_uids=3426975& dopt=Abstract Accessed on 23 June, 2005
Critical Thinking Action Project
The fact that Manager Michael Lee Ray is in trouble "yet again" for an inappropriate interaction with the Tokyo office is a reminder that ExtraVert has not addressed its most serious problem. An observer can presuppose that Ray is intellectually or morally deficient -- but on the other hand, an observer doesn't know that but it is unlikely that a global organization would place a social outcast in a position of authority. who lacks cultural intelligence. How many times is corporate management for ExtraVert going to allow this problem to exist and fester like an open wound that hasn't been cleaned or disinfected?
First of all, the proper name of the employee in Tokyo should always be used, so "Hey Itchy" is a sign of ignorance of the cultural realities in Japan. "Too much sake…" is a bigoted and insensitive phrase that shows a lack of…
Dewhurst, M., Harris, J., and Heywood, S. (2012). The global Company's challenge. McKinsey
Quarterly. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from http://www.mckinsey.com
Economist Intelligence Unit. (2012). Competing across Borders: How cultural and communication barriers affect business. The Economist. Retrieved February 20, 2014,
from http://www.economistinsights.com .
In my experience, this is quite rarely the case. In fact, the truth in most families appears to be quite opposite: namely, the holiday season is the time that most people associate with their highest degrees of stress that highlights and exacerbates long-standing family conflicts and feuds. For every family where holiday arrangements are primarily a time of great joy and unity, there might be as many as ten times that many families where holidays generate annual arguments over whose turn it is to host (or not to host), whose families to visit in what order, and whom to invite. As often as not, hosting holiday parties involves keeping separate members of extended family who actually detest one another from coming to blows after drinking to much alcohol.
Instead of being the most peaceful time of year, the newspapers report that the holiday season is always the peak of suicides.…
Although the circularity of the logic of insanity as demonstrated by the very fact that a man desires to be eaten (because he is insane, because he wants to be eaten, because he is insane…) loses credibility due to the redundancy of such thinking, the implicit conclusion that the author comes to regarding this matter, "if every person with emotional problems were denied the right to determine what is in his own interest, none of us would be self-determining in the eyes of the law, except those of us who had no emotions to have problems with," may very well be inductive. It certainly seems to be a considerable assumption to say that people with mental (or "emotional") problems, should not be restrained from their actions, because in doing so virtually everyone -- who is at least half-crazy, if not further along on his or her way to being crazy…
Critical Thinking Case Study
Faith Community Hospital is a not-for-profit health care services organization that is currently facing a situation, which may compel it to resort to stringent cost cutting measures just to break even, and that too providing the average reimbursement rate does not change. Financial problems, however, are just one of the several problems that Faith Community Hospital must resolve in order for the organization to maintain and further build its reputation as a quality health care services provider. In brief, some of the other critical issues that the hospital needs to address are the conflict between the organization's spiritual heritage and values and the ethics of the medical profession; non-compliance with government, managed care, and insurance regulations; and non-adherence to hospital operational policies. Indeed, it is evident from the preceding list of issues that Faith Community Hospital has an organizational management problem on its hands, which needs…
Critical Thinking and the Thought Process
The practice of critical thinking is an influence of various elements that affect not only individual behavior and personality, but one's thought processes as well. The first element that affects an individual's thought processes, i.e., critical thinking, is the personality of the individual. A person's thought processes is influenced by external factors such as time and place where the individual constantly interacts with others, influence of society via the mass culture, and self-perceptions developed from the self and through other people. Determining an individual's thought processes also takes into account the cognitive development within the individual as well, where the line distinguishing mind and brain is determined. Brain is the physical manifestation of thinking and thought processes in humans, while the mind represents the metaphysical form in which thinking occurs. Distinguishing between these two concepts is vital, since each concept plays a role in…
Critical Thinking for Homeland Security
The objective of the article is to question the credibility of the decision adopting by the Bush's administration on North Korea due to claims that it (North Korea) was constructing a Uranium plant. Based on the universal structures of thought by Elder and Paul, it is apparent that the question at issue in the presented case is the credibility of the decision taken by the U.S. government towards North Korea. The U.S. believed that the North Korean state was in its quest of building a nuclear power plant secretly without the awareness of the U.S. As such, it promoted to U.S. To adopt sanctions against the North Korea such as suspending its deals with the state. The U.S. depended on unreliable information since up-to-date it has not verified the existence of a Uranium plant in North Korea as speculated by the report.
The decision adopted…
Another Intelligence Twist. (2007, March 2). Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2014, from http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/03/01/AR2007030101507.html
The other problem is regarding third party reimbursements and state regulators which have had a significant effect on hospitals during the last ten years. Another factor that is brought out by the study is that during both 1983 and 1986 there were important variations in the inpatient reimbursement system that helped in improving the operating and final margins of hospitals. At the same time there are the health insurance companies who provide a large portion of the funds to hospitals are continually on the look out for reducing payment amounts. There are methods through which this is done and one of that is changing from inpatient settings to ambulatory surgery. Another set of problems come from settlements with labor unions. As an example a major portion of the health care providers were affected due to the settlement with Local 1199. This settlement also created similar effects in other…
Brennan, Phil. (April 12, 2002) "Church Crises Threaten Charities, Schools, Hospitals"
Retrieved from http://www.newsmax.com/archives/articles/2002/4/11/212641.shtml Accessed on 27 June, 2005
"Challenge of being chief of the hospitals" Retrieved from http://www.thisisworcester.co.uk/worcestershire/worcester/news/WEN_NEWS_FEATURES_COUNTY9.html Accessed on 27 June, 2005
Donoghue, Richard J. (December, 1990) "Evaluation of hospitals as entities able to continue as going concerns" The CPA Journal. Retrieved from http://www.nysscpa.org/cpajournal/old/09691991.htm Accessed on 27 June, 2005
Mental illness appears in various forms. It is characterized by some serious disruptions in someone's thoughts or even demonstrated in their actions. The person presenting these symptoms is often unable to deal with the day-to-day activities and patterns of a normal life. Mental illness can take over 200 forms each having an effect on the patient's disposition, character, traits, and even the way they interact with others. Some of the common forms of mental illness are 'schizophrenia', 'depression,' 'bipolar disorders' and 'dementia'. Taylor and Brown (1988) state that mental illness can be presented in a psychological, emotional way and even in physical symptoms. A person under severe stress due to dealing with an incident or series of stressors' build-up over time is prone to mental illness. A person may also present symptoms of mental illness through a biochemical imbalance, a negative reaction to his environment, and the pressures accrued thereby,…
Bartlett, A., & McGauley, G. (2010). Forensic mental health: Concepts, systems, and practice. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Clinic, M. (2015, October 13). Mental illness. Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/mental-illness/basics/definition/CON-20033813
Corrigan, P. W., Morris, S., Larson, J., Rafacz, J., Wassel, A., Michaels, P., ... Rusch, N. (2010). SELF-STIGMA AND COMING OUT ABOUT ONE'S MENTAL ILLNESS. Journal of Community Psychology, 38(3), 259-275. http://doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20363
Dowrick. C., Dunn. G., Ayuso-Mateos.J et al. (2000). Problem-solving treatment and group psycho-education for depression: multicenter randomized controlled trial. British Medical Journal, 321, 1450-4
2002). This paper's focus will be on the CPM and PET methodologies.
The ockfest event has 26 tasks, each conveniently denoted by a letter in the alphabet. Having drawn up the Critical Path and analyzed it, I found the following. The Critical Path starts with task A, continues with B, D, E, F, G, and finally O. The time it takes to complete these tasks is 34 weeks. That is approximately eight and a half months. You will notice that the Critical Path does not include myriad tasks. That is because these tasks can be completed while the Critical Path tasks are being implemented.
Now, if, for instance, task B, or "select a local printer" took two more weeks than planned, how would a project manager handle the problem? I argue that the best thing to do, since task B. is part of the Critical Path, is begin crashing tasks…
Chen, Y.M. & Liang, M.W.; (2002) Design and implementation of a collaborative engineering information system for allied concurrent engineering, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 13, pp. 11-30
Chu, X.N.; Tso, S.K.; Zhang, W.J.; Li, Q.; (2002) Partnership synthesis for virtual enterprises, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 19, pp. 384 -- 391
Huang, X.G.; Wong, Y.S.; Liu, Z.J.; Qiu, Z.M.; (2005) Critical-path-analysis-based dynamic component supplier optimization, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 702- 709
Analysis of the Price of Inequality
In the year 2013, issues of socioeconomic inequality are perhaps as pressing and problematic as they have ever been. This is the assertion at the crux of Joseph E. Stiglitz text, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (ISBN-13: 9780393345063). Released in 2012 by .. Norton & Company publishers, the 560-page text is a timely and compelling contribution to the current public discourse on our need for greater economic equality in the United States.
Understanding the orientation of the text at the center of this analysis requires a more complete understanding of its author, the economist, Columbia professor and winner of 2001's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. According to his self-composed biography at the Memorial Foundation site, Stiglitz (2001) was born in Gary Indian in 1943. By his own report, his interests as a young student would lead…
Chinni, D. (2012). 'The Price of Inequality' and 'The Betrayal of the American Dream.' Jefferson Institute.
Columbia University. (2013). Curriculum Vitae-Stiglitz. Gsb.columbia.edu.
Edsall, T.B. (2012). Separate and Unequal. The New York Times.
Stiglitz, J.E. (2001). Biographical. The Nobel Foundation.
The variability in problems faced by the King Edward Hospital NHS Trust during the period in question, instigated a multi-level response in knowledge sharing and inclusion on practice. Kotter's theory relies upon such a method, where strategies are an exercise multi-tiered obligation.
As Kotter points out, the transformation model may not be suitable for organizations that are in pursuit of prompt change, and the series of responsibilities which result from consortium relationships may apply to one or all organizations within the scope of his definition of institutional cultures: 1) Developing Social Construct; 2) Oriented Social Construct; 3) and Pluralistic Social Construct types. Evidence-based practice in healthcare is compatible with Kotter's proposition. Process methodology including the '8-Steps' process in three (3) phases -- 1) Creating Climate for Change, 2) Engaging and Enabling the Organisation, and 3) Implementing and Sustaining the Change -- is illustrated in Figure 1.
Abidi, S.S., 2001. Knowledge management in healthcare: towards 'knowledge-driven' decision-support services. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 63 (1-2), pp. 5-18.
Abidi, .S.S. et al., 2009. Knowledge sharing for pediatric pain management via a Web 2.0 framework. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 150, pp. 287-91.
Abidi, S.S. et al., 2004. Knowledge management in pediatric pain: mapping online expert discussions to medical literature. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 107 (Pt 1), pp. 3-7.
Austin, M.J., 2008. Knowledge management: implications for human service organizations. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 5 (1-2), pp. 361-89.
Based on the method the researcher use to conduct analysis, the data analysis presented is appropriate because the researcher use combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the data analysis.
Interpretation of esults
The interpretation of results is critical in the research studies. Based on the objective of the study, the researchers have been able to draw a significant correlation between research results and research aim and objectives. esearchers emerge the total combination of 2,991 themes to evaluate the opinion of students towards their tutors. The findings are presented in meta-theme and four meta-themes as being revealed in table 2.
Table 2: Findings in Meta-theme and four Meta-Themes combined
Endorsement ate (%)
Four Meta-themes Combine
Based on the effectiveness of TEF as a strategy to evaluate students perception on their tutors, the…
Chow, M.Y.K. Quine, S. & Li, M. (2010).Bene-ts of using a quantitative with qualitative mixed methods approach- -to identify client satisfaction and unmet needs in an HIV healthcare centre. AIDS Care. 22 (4): 491-498.
Fisher, W.P. & Stenner, A.J. (2011). Integrating qualitative and quantitative research approaches via the phenomenological method. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches.5(1): 89 -- 103.
Onwuegbuzie, A.J. Witcher, A.E. Collins, K.M.T. et al. (2007). Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1): 113 -- 160.
University of South Alabama (2011): Mixed Research: Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research. USA.
IV. VISION and PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
Greene, Forster, and Winters (2003) report that charter schools typically serve disadvantaged populations. "The targeting of charter schools to disadvantaged populations I so common that many people have come to believe, incorrectly, that all charter schools serve disadvantaged students." (2003) One reason for this is that the "procedures by which new charter schools are created often encourage such targeting." (Greene, Forster, and Winters, 2003) Greene, Forster, and Winters reports case studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Education, one of which included 91 schools and states conclusions that "charter schools are held accountable for their performance...resource limitations are the biggest obstacles facing charter schools." (2003) in another study involving 150 schools and 60 authorizing agencies the U.S. Department of Education states findings that: "...charters learn quickly the best way to satisfy their various constituents is to focus on quality instruction." (Greene, Forster, and…
Elmore, Richard F. (2000) Building a New Structure for School Leadership. Albert Shanker Institute Winter 2000.
Charter School Basics (1998) the Charter School Roadmap, September 1998. Online available at http://www.ed.gov/pubs/Roadmap/ch1.html
Greene, Jay P.; Forster, Greg; and Winters, Marcus a. (2003) Apples to Apples: An Evaluation of Charter Schools Serving General Student Populations. Equation Working Paper. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. July 2003. No. 1. Online available at http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/ewp_01.htm#01
Finn, Chester E.; and Vanourek, Gregg (2005) Lessons from the U.S. Experience with Charter Schools. Prepared for the PEPG Conference: Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, October 5-6, 2005. Online available at http://www.ksg.harvard.edu/pepg/PDF/events/MPSPE/PEPG-05-10finn.pdf
Indeed, this understanding of the Marshall court comes full circle: The Court is the most cutting edge front of American legal society, casting decisions that are years ahead of what the general populace often wants, according to Armstrong and Woodward, but the Court is also a conservative vestige of administrations past because of lifetime tenure.
That is why the most influential Courts are those in which an appointed justice does not conform to the expectations of his presidential appointer, but rather strikes out on his or her own with a body of decisions that counter the president's and former administration's ideas.
The viewpoint of Armstrong and Woodward as presented in "The Brethren" is a much more forgiving look at the Court's influence than the viewpoint presented in our text. However, "The Brethren" looks at the Court with its own jaded eyes as well. The book understands that justices are…
Product by Value Analysis
In order to understand the concept of product-by-value analysis, one must first understand the correct concept of a product. A product itself is the "need-satisfying" offering of an organization, which may be defined as a good or a service. In understanding this fact, one can then gauge a deeper understanding of how these products are levied through the use of product-by-value analysis within a firm or an organization.
In dealing with product development, production, and distribution, companies must ask themselves the following question: how can we determine which products to develop? Product-by-value analysis is one such tool in terms of assessing whether or not the production of existing products within a company remains one that keeps an organization on the path to profit with a loyal consumer base. Heizer and ender (2010) note that product-by-value analysis is a concept that lists products in descending…
Heizer, J. And Render, B. (2010). Operations management, 10 ed. Print. New York, NY:
Prentice Hall Publishers.
Mukherjee, P.N. (2006). Total quality management. Print. New Delhi, India: Prentice
Teletech WACC analysis
Teletech Corporation 2005
Teletech is a regional telecommunications firm serving over 7 million customers of the Midwest and South regions of the United States (pg. 218). The industry is undergoing a transformational change, in which new competitors are entering the marketplace as the service products of previously unrelated firms, cable television firms, begin overlap (pg. 219).
Teletech has achieved a market dominant position by investing heavily in their capital equipment. The dividend of their 10-year capital expenditures is the delivery of a superior product and high levels of customer satisfaction (pg. 219).
Although the firm appears to maintain a secure place in its market, the competitive landscape is changing. The entry of new competitors and channels of communications, cell phones over landlines, compelled the firm to recently acquire a new business line that is aimed at developing new technology integrating computers with the firm's strength in telecommunications.…
Labor Market Analysis: H Professionals / Employment Analysis in H Profession 2015
Critical analysis of current labor market trends
Evaluation of the impact of external factors
Analysis of advertising, recruitment and selection methods
Professional standards and competences (including behaviors) for H Professionals
The place of interaction between employers and potential employees is termed as the labor market. Here, there is competition among employers to attract the most skilled individuals from the candidate pool, and among workers for acquiring the best jobs. The current U.S. labor market for human resource professionals is healthier, in economic terms, than it ever was since the Great 2007-09 ecession.
Critical analysis of current labor market trends
US unemployment rate in June was at a record low of 5.3% in this economic recovery and about half its October 2009 peak (10%). A strong average job growth rate of around 243,000 jobs a month was recorded last…
Lakshman. (2015). Human Resource Management. Cite.hr. Available from http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.citehr.com/14169-hr-core - competencies-pdf-download.html [Accessed: 29th October, 2015].
Qasemi, H.R. (2015). PEST Analysis in strategic Human Resources Planning. Available from http://www.iefpedia.com/english/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/PEST-Analysis-in-strategic-Human-Resources-Planning.pdf
Randstadusa. (2015). 2015's Best Human Resources Jobs and Their Salaries. Human Resources. Available from https://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=https://www.randstadusa.com/workforce360/jobs-the-economy/human-resources-jobs-in-demand-for-2015/258 [Accessed: 29th October, 2015].
Recruiting division. (2015). A Look at Human Resources Talent Today. Human Resources. Available from http://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=http://www.recruitingdivision.com/industries/human-resources [Accessed: 29th October, 2015]
This qualitative research uses a Delphi study to explore the perceptions of special education teachers regarding retention. This Delphi study includes twenty-five to thirty special education teachers of K-12 in two California districts of less than 40,000 students. The information gathered provides leaders in the field with successful practices in retaining special education teachers.
Purpose of the study
The primary purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of special education teachers regarding the factors that influence their decisions to stay with a specific job placement or school community and develop recommendations for increasing teacher retention by developing more supportive school policies and practices. The study will employ the Delphi method to systematically survey special education teachers and develop an informed opinion about teacher retention by reviewing and distilling teacher input through several rounds of review. This survey of special education professionals can provide policymakers at all levels with…
Allard, J., Chubbuck, S.M., Clift, R.T., & Quinlan, J. (2001). Playing it safe as a novice teacher: Implications for programs for new teachers. Journal of Teacher Education, 52(5), 365.
Arnold, M. & Mitchell, a. (2004). Behavior management skills as predictors of retention among South Texas special educators. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 31(3), 214.
Colucci, K. & Epanchin, B.C. (2002). The professional development school without walls: A partnership between a university and two school districts. Remedial and Special Education, 23(6), 349.
Cooper-Duffy, K., Herzog, M.J., Prohn, K., Ray, M., & Westling, D.L. (2006). The teacher support program: A proposed resource for the special education profession and an initial validation. Remedial and Special Education, 27(3), 136.
For example, in their study, "Nawkaw, Inc.: Changing the Color of Masonry," Amason and Ciavarella (2001) report that, "Commercial jobs usually were won through competitive bidding by general contractors, who then hired subcontractors. Sometimes general contractors did not seek bids, instead choosing subcontractors on the basis of their past performance" (p. 77).
Other factors involved that will likely influence which subcontractor will be selected relate to the organizational structure of the project. For example, as Frame (2003) points out, there is a basic approach to most large construction projects in use today. As shown in Figure 1 below, this is a commonly encountered organizational structure employed on construction projects which involves the owner retaining direct authority over both the contractor and architect-engineering firm; in this arrangement, the owner can issue directions, and the contractor and architect-engineering firm are obliged to comply and it is this degree of control over these…
Amason, a.C., & Ciavarella, M.A. (2001). Nawkaw, Inc.: Changing the color of masonry. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 26(2), 77.
Applebaum, H. (1999). Construction workers, U.S.A. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.
Bidding procedures for the City of Minneapolis. (2004). City of Minneapolis. [Online]. Available: http://www.ci.minneapolis.mn.us/cped/docs/bidding_procedures_LCDA_RFP.pdf .
Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
A literary critical analysis is not merely a summary of a literary work. Instead, it is an argument that expresses an interpretation, judgment, or critical evaluation of the work. This is accomplished by examining specific literary devices (symbols, themes, metaphors, tone, point of view, diction, structure, etc.), within the work. The purpose of a critical analysis is to demonstrate how these elements convey meaning. In your analysis, you will most likely discuss how certain literary techniques are used to convey specific ideas. You will discuss what a literary piece means and how it achieves its effect. To write critically, you must provide analysis of specific evidence from the text (words and phrases; avoid long quotes). The goal of this assignment is to give the audience an interpretation of the literature.
1. Introduction (explore the subject? of your analysis and end with a thesis statement).
2. Body Paragraphs…
The techniques spin a tale of heroism, medical magic to overcome the adversity of death..." (5).
Indeed, the author intends his readers to understand that what results from the belief of the myth of CPR is the continuing norm of tolerating people's belief that CPR can save lives and the last hours of the patient on earth are spent with the hospital staff rather than his/her family and/or relatives. hat happens is that death is "celebrated" impersonally. The process of commemorating death in a meaningful manner is replaced by the hope that CPR and other medical procedures can prevent sudden deaths. As explicated in "Sudden death," CPR is "an example of an excessively technology-driven medicine...advanced medical technology has corrupted the dying experience, making it somehow less 'natural'" (7). Apart from the absence of the meaningful celebration of death, the pressure to rely on the 'power' of CPR to revive a…
Timmermans, S. (1999). Sudden death and the myth of CPR. Temple University Press.
Stakeholder Analysis: Starbucks Frappuccino
The Starbucks Corporation initially originated as an attempt to bring European-style cafe culture to the United States. However, in a drive to remain profitable and relevant as well as to honor its initial mission and vision, Starbucks has had to make some concessions to local tastes. One of these has been the development of the Frappuccino, a sweet, blended coffee beverage that is half-milkshake, half-iced coffee: it is both a unique product and also a unique service given that the blend is exclusively available at Starbucks' stores. Starbucks has continued to develop and reconfigure the Frappuccino to suit the evolving palates of its international consumer base. This has ensured that the company has enjoyed a strong bottom line, despite cheaper copycats from its rivals. The company recently released several innovative new flavors for the Frappuccino as well as new sizes to drive interest in its product.…
Harris, J. (2015). Cupcake, anyone? LA Times. Retrieved from:
Nanos, J. (2012). The story of the Frappuccino. Boston Daily. Retrieved from:
The differences between the empirical inductivist approach to science and the Popperian one are immense. Based on induction, the former approach is thesis to Popper's antithesis. The Popperian approach is a response to and a rejection of the value of induction in the scientific process. This rejection pits these two approaches against one another. In the end, while the empirical inductivist approach does have some value and has a long tradition of function to back it up, this is not the same as saying that it is a rigidly scientific approach to scientific inquiry. In this case, the Popperian approach provides us with a clearer division between theories that are and are not scientific.
Dolhenty, J. (2005). A basic introduction to the methods of science -- part 1. The Radical Academy. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at http://radicalacademy.com/essayscience1.htm
McKinlay, S. (1998). The problem of induction: an analysis and critique…
Dolhenty, J. (2005). A basic introduction to the methods of science -- part 1. The Radical Academy. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at http://radicalacademy.com/essayscience1.htm
McKinlay, S. (1998). The problem of induction: an analysis and critique of Sir Karl Popper's view of induction. Ontic. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at http://ontic.co.nz/Science/Sci2.htm
Popper, K.R. (1963). Science as falsification. The Unofficial Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at http://www.stephenjaygould.org/ctrl/popper_falsification.html
Siegel, D.M. (2001, October 19). Demonstration experiments: beyond the talking head. History of Science Society. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at http://www.hssonline.org/teach_res/CoE/activities/demos.html
Perhaps the latter sentiment may be regarded as baseless speculation, but as we shall see after this section, there are a number of researchers whose view supports such a sentiment. Nonetheless, here is the report made available by the mainstream media in 2009:
CDC and FDA researchers wrote in the Journal of the American Medical Association that problems such as fainting and nausea remained rare among females who received Gardasil and the vaccine did not appear to be causing unusual side effects. The researchers said 32 deaths were listed in a government database that collects reports of health problems seen in people after vaccination. The reports show only that a patient became ill or died after receiving a vaccine, not that a vaccine was the cause. The FDA and CDC statement said 'concerns have been raised about' the reports of deaths of people who received Gardasil. 'There was not a…
Amiya, N. "Va Vaccines for human papillomavirus infection: A critical analysis." Publikationsansicht. 2009. Web. 15 Oct 2011.
Brinkman, S. "Gardasil Researcher Drops a Bombshell." The Bulletin. 2009. Web. 15
"Gardasil Vaccine Safety." FDA. 2009. Web. 15 Oct 2011.
The critical path method (CPM): As applied to construction projects
The critical path method (CPM) was originally developed by the DuPont Company in the 1950s as a method of project management when DuPont shutting down its chemical plants for maintenance work. The shutdown process was complex and detailed, and had to be deployed in a highly regimented fashion in terms of the completion of steps and coordination of the workforce (CPM, 2011, Net MBA). Yet the process also demanded a certain amount of flexibility in terms of managing unexpected delays, as well as the need to reduce costs. Ever since its inception, other companies have been using the CPM method to optimize efficiency and reduce costs. Now it is most often used in the construction, architectural, and engineering industries to manage a project with multiple components.
The method is graphical in nature and thus is ideal to deploy for…
About Critical Path Method (CPM). Project Management Services Bureau (PMSB). Retrieved
May 4, 2011
Baker, Samuel. (2004). Critical Path Method (CPM). Retrieved May 4, 2011
saw two houses: one in the suburbs and one in the center of town. he suburban house was less expensive than the one in town so there must be something wrong with it.
he fallacy present in this remark revolves around the notion that when something costs less, it's as a result of some sort of flaw. While there is an expression "you get what you pay for" this expression is not always absolute. Many times there is a host of reasons why something might cost less than something else, and many of these reasons will have nothing to do with flaws or something being "wrong" with the house. For instance, the house might be priced less because it is further a way from the center of town, or might have an undesirable view or might be on a street where some tragic act of violence occurred. Regardless, none of…
The fallacy of this statement is that it seeks to separate human actions from religion. The reality is that man human actions are motivated by their spiritual beliefs and it might be sound in theory to attempt to separate them, but that is not realistic.
20. Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, all men are Socrates. (Woody Allen Love and Death 1975)
The fallacies of this statement cannot even be stated. It is illogical and absurdist.