Critical Analysis Essays (Examples)

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Critical Thinking Is an Activity

Words: 1185 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 55068266

The problem in having a firm grasp of critical thought is that it can be clouded by many different distractions and affected by variables outside of controllable circumstances. One of these factors is cognitive development. It is evident that cognitive development as a strong overall impact on the development of critical thinking. Genetics plays a strong role within cognitive development, as individuals are all born with differing genetic levels of comprehension and thus some people will have better critical thinking abilities purely based on their genes. The circumstances that an individual grows up in also have a profound effect on their critical thinking abilities and process. This is because as an individual grows up they can form differing opinions and stigmas that are taught both explicitly and implicitly through cultural doctrine, social convention, as well as education in both informal settings such as at home as well as formal settings…… [Read More]

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Critical Theory and Critical Inquiry

Words: 3387 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87262722

roots in critical theory, which stemmed from the approaches of the Frankfurt school of philosophers in the mid-20th century. The Frankfurt School was led by Theodore Adorno, Max Horkheimer, Erich fromm and other German intellectuals who had emigrated from Germany during the time of the Third eich. They held what an essentially neo-Marxist point-of-view -- that is, they based their critical analysis of society on the fact that the proletariat had failed to seize power from the elites. Adorno and Horkheimer especially focused on the "culture industry" which they claimed was responsible for the failure of the proletariat in the West to climb out of its class oppression. The "culture industry" promoted the concept that the elites wanted the proletariat to adopt -- namely, that they were comfortable and happy with the way things were. Through technological innovations like television and propaganda-producing systems like Hollywood, the working class was easily…… [Read More]


Caldwell, P. (2012). Marxist Criticism of Public Education Funding and Social

Reproduction. Colgate Academic Review, 2(10): 54-58.

Connelly, F.M., He, M.F., & Philion, J. (2007). The Sage handbook of curriculum and instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Freire, P. (2000). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. NY: Continuum.
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analysis of a'soccer position in turkey

Words: 3262 Length: 17 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 18989124


UEFA Certificate in Football Management -- The Turkish Edition

Assessment Guidelines

Each participant is expected to submit his/her assignment for Module 1, 2 & 3 by the 07.05.2017 directly to IDHEAP project manager. Participants should provide concrete evidence facts and references) to consolidate observations and assess the feasibility of the recommendations made. We emphasise the fact that these observations should be personal ones, drawn from their own assessment and not necessarily reflecting those of their institution. You are expected to write 250 words or more) for each of the questions.

Criteria for Grading Assignments

Assignment grades will be communicated three weeks after they have been submitted which will give participants ample opportunity to take into consideration the constructive feedback they have been given and use this to improve their subsequent submission. The criteria for grading are listed in the table below.

Criteria for Grading Written Assignments

Clear presentation…… [Read More]

(Hughen, Lulseged, & Upton, 2014)

(Gonzalez, 2014)

(Jimoh & Danlami, 2011)
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Critical Review of Journal Article

Words: 734 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47043389

neural activations that are related to perceived body form, anxiousness and the outcomes that follow the same when it comes to teenage patients that have anorexia nervosa. ather than just regurgitate and restate what is already stated in the article, there will instead be a critical analysis and review of what is being said, how valid it seems to be and what questions might be important to answer next. While synthesizing the conception and treatment of mental health disorders can be hard to pull off, it is something that needs to be done given the implications and stakes involved.

The article starts off by stating some of the more widely known issues and factors surrounding anorexia nervosa, inclusive of the fact that it is a mindset whereby the suffering patient feels that they are fat and overweight even if they are the picture of health or even too skinny as…… [Read More]


Xu, J., Harper, J., Van Enkevort, E., Latimer, K., Kelley, U., & McAdams, C. (2017). Neural

activations are related to body-shape, anxiety, and outcomes in adolescent anorexia nervosa. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 87, 1-7.
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Critical Nursing I Recently Witnessed

Words: 811 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 9560084

I also assumed that the nurse I was observing would likely support the doctor and try to talk the patient into changing her mind. My assumptions were incorrect. Later I took the time to reflect upon my reaction to the situation.

After thinking through the entire situation, it is my belief that she did make the right choice, she no longer wished to live a life tied to a machine, wheeled about in a chair and unable to enjoy even the smallest of pleasures. As a nurse, my approach would be to comfort the patient, understanding and giving support to the family and friends who are attempting to support the patient. The patient is experiencing enough trauma, and should be fully supported in making whatever decision is best for that particular individual.

Other nurses might disagree. One study determined that even though 80% of newly graduated nurses have developed a…… [Read More]


Drennan, J.; (2010) Critical thinking as an outcome of a Master's degree in nursing programme, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 66, Issue 2, pp. 422 -- 431

Wangensteen, S.; Johannson, I.S.; Bjorkstrom, M.E.; Nordstrom, G.; (2010) Critical thinking dispositions among newly graduated nurses, Journal of Advanced Nursing, Vol. 66, Issue 10, pp. 2170-2181
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Critical Thinking Is Described as

Words: 651 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34097162

With the debate and analysis aspects, critical thinking is, in fact, incorporated in the decision making process.

With the description of these three important elements of the decision making process (discussion, debate, and analysis), one can better understand the important and benefits of critical thinking in the decision making process. First of all, with critical thinking, everybody in the group is allowed to express and argue for his own opinion. There are several benefits deriving from this, most notably the fact that the final decision is likely to be embraced by all members in the group and the fact that the discussion and debate can generate a large volume of ideas and opinions, making the final decision one that better reflects reality.

The other great benefit comes from the analysis part of both the critical thinking and the decision making processes. The fact that critical thinking is part of the…… [Read More]


1. Facione, Peter. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus For Purposes Of Educational Assessment and Instruction. 1990. American Philosophical Association Delphi Research Report

2. Moore, Brooke; Parker, Richard. Critical Thinking. McGraw-Hill; 7th edition. 2007.

3. Lipset, S.M. (Ed.). (1995). The encyclopedia of democracy. Washington DC: Congressional Quarterly

Facione, Peter. Critical Thinking: A Statement of Expert Consensus For Purposes Of Educational Assessment and Instruction. 1990. American Philosophical Association Delphi Research Report
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Critical Path Method CPM and Critical Chain

Words: 992 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 33537053

Critical Path Method (CPM) and Critical Chain Method (CCM). How is CCM an improvement over CPM?

The Concepts

The concept of paths and the slacks on the path have been around the management circles from the 1960s, with the concept of slack being defined as the amount of time an activity on a production line can be halted without affecting the project completion date. (Hansen, 1964) Likewise the critical path and the critical management of work flow are not new concepts. However the way they come to be viewed are new. The project planning begins with the concept of what is to be achieved, how it will be achieved and the time and method that will be used in completing the project. There are many variables that are to be considered that include dependence is, slack and the work flow and allocation of work and the performance appraisal. It also…… [Read More]


Hansen, B.J. (1964) "Practical Pert: including Critical Path Method"

America House.

Herroelen, Willy; Leus, Roel. (2001) "On the merits and pitfalls of critical chain scheduling"

Journal of Operations Management, vol. 19, no. 5, pp: 559 -- 577.
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Critical Thinking in Nursing Critical

Words: 371 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 13213517

elf-regulation and analysis are interpersonal skills used by the nurse to convey potentially upsetting news, or to analyze the nurse's own behavior and professionalism in his or her nursing duties.

Critical thinking in nursing is further delineated by the UNM College of Nursing (2005). As seen above, this aspect of the profession is not only essential in terms of the patient-nurse relationship, but also in terms of the intrapersonal relationship of the nurse with him- or herself. The self-regulation and morality developed by means of critical thinking in the profession helps the nurse to make the often difficult decisions required on a daily basis. It also provides the nurse with the ability to serve as a liberating force for patients and their families, as the nurse helps them to face medical dilemmas.


Facione, Peter A. (2004). "Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts." California Academic Press.…… [Read More]


Facione, Peter A. (2004). "Critical thinking: What it is and why it counts." California Academic Press.

UNM College of Nursing. (2005, Sept. 16-17). "What is critical thinking?
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Critical Thinking in the 21st Century

Words: 787 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45700846

Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

Everyone navigates their way through the world using a set of preconceived ideas, stereotypes, notions and beliefs concerning how things work and how others will behave in any given situation. Not surprisingly, many people are surprised and even shocked to learn that some of the things they have firmly believed to be true all of their lives are inaccurate or even false. These frailties of the human condition mean that the search for the truth is ongoing and learning how to find it represents a critical part of the skill set needed in the 21st century. This paper provides a discussion and comparison of "elements of truth" and the "right questions" that should be asked in any given situation to discern the facts, followed by a summary of the research and important findings concerning these issues in the conclusion.

eview and Discussion

Not only does…… [Read More]


Browne, N. & Keeley, S.M. (2012). Asking the right questions. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice.
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Critical Literacy the Discourse of

Words: 981 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 48385549

Changes in and to children's literature mirror, as well as construct, changes in social norms. For example, the 1908 book by Kenneth Grahame, Wind in the Willows, is a frolicking fantasy tale starring a cast of anthropomorphic animals. Themes of camaraderie, friendship, and adventure do not serve as vehicles for political discourse. When Jan Needle published Wild Wood nearly a century later in 1981, the author imbued the basic structure of Grahame's story with political awareness. Issues like social justice are explored in Wild Wood, issues that were not touched upon in Wind in the Willows. A similar vehicle of storytelling was used for a different literary function. Both 1908 and 1981 were times ripe for the exploration of labor issues and class-consciousness, and it is in many ways ironic that Needle would have been more overtly political than his forebear.

There seems to have been a deliberate awakening of…… [Read More]


"Children's Book of the Year Awards." Retrieved online:

DAWCL. Website retrieved: 

Leland, C., Harste, J., Ociepka, A., Lewison, M. & Vasquez, V. (1999). Exploring critical literacy: You can hear a pin drop. Language Arts, v77 n1 p70-77 Sep 1999.

Shor, I. (1997). What is critical literacy? Journal for Pedagogy, Pluralism, and Practice. Retrieved online:
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Critical Thinking Case Study Analysis

Words: 790 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87023218

This means that even though the University deemed it necessary for a student like Helen to disclose her incident of victimization, she still opted to keep her privacy, preferring confidentiality and anonymity in order to protect herself from being involved in a sensitive issue such as sexual harassment. Helen's actions may be construed as her own way of avoiding the stigma that inevitably results out of her being a victim of sexual harassment.


Evidently, Helen had valued her privacy greater than following University rules concerning disclosure. Her action is understandable: in most of the extant organizations' Code of Ethics, the welfare of the patient/client is foremost than the issues of disclosure. Thus, the preferred course of action in Helen's case is to agree with her decision to seek student counseling. The University could try to convince Helen to disclose the details of her victimization, but the University must ensure…… [Read More]

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Critical Thinking and Application Problem

Words: 1667 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 56395990

Positive effects:

UPB management will be able to capitalize on the five years of training and other investments in Mark Williams

The colleagues will feel a sense of security as Williams has decided to stick with the company

Costs with replacing him will now be incurred and the money could be used in another direction

UPB clients will be content as they will not have to switch consultants

Mark Williams will feel loyal and the sense that he has betrayed his 'savior' will not torment him

Negative effects:

Mark Williams will continually feel frustrated with the sense of things at UPB

He will give up his opportunities for further professional development and promotions

It is highly possible that his sacrifice will not even be recognized by the UPB stakeholders

7. eflections

Mark Williams graduated Business College and found a job at UBP Consulting in a time in which nobody else…… [Read More]


Brown, C., Ethical Theories Compared, Trinity University, 2001,  last accessed on June 26, 2009

Geuras, D., Garofalo, C., Practical Ethics in Public Administration, 2nd Edition, 2005, Management Concepts, ISBN 1567261612

Todd, H.C., Speaking of Ethics -- Changing Jobs, The District of Columbia Bar, 2009, last accessed on June 26, 2009
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Critical Review of Stalingrad by

Words: 1847 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 44775190

Without outside knowledge of Stalingrad, it is unlikely that a reader
of Stalingrad by Antony eevor would truly grasp the impact and unreal
brutalities of this conflict. Watching a ten second black and video of the
battle being waged in the streets of the decimated city would more
effectively help one understand the nature of Stalingrad. eevor is unable
to capture the reality for the reader and this is only one area where
Stalingrad falls short. It falls short also by the lack of portrayal of
the bigger picture. Sure eevor depicts the events leading up to
Stalingrad, and he has researched and writes about why the battle was
fought where it was fought. ut these are all technical aspects that
eevor accomplishes, but the emotional aspects are lacking.
This would be fine, if it was not for the fact that eevor does seek
merely to relay the facts but…… [Read More]


Beevor, Antony. Stalingrad: The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943. New York: Viking,

[i] Antony Beevor, Stalingrad: The Fateful Siege: 1942-1943 (New York:
Viking, 1998), .213.
[ii] Beevor , 213.
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Critical Thinking Case Study Let it Pour

Words: 2530 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63280289

Critical Thinking Case Study: Let it Pour - My First Assignment as Executive Assistant

Key Problems and Issues

The first of the problems are coming from the origin of the hospital as it is an organization with a lot of spiritual heritage and values. These have to be retained even while providing all the required services and satisfaction for the patients. The second problem that the hospital is facing is due to the difficulties that exist in the operations of any hospital, and those difficulties exist irrespective of the mission or the origin of the hospital. One of the problems from this origin is the headlines and extensive coverage given by the media to medical errors that hospitals are committing. These are mentioned and reflect on all hospitals whether they are a party to such errors or not. Another problem arises from the differences within the issues of living up…… [Read More]


Baldwin, Fred. "Emergency Room Drama: Be Prepared Before a Crisis Happens" Retrieved

from Accessed on 23 June, 2005

Colliver, Victoria. (12 April, 2005) "St. Luke's could face merger California Pacific may join forces with S.F. hospital known for treating poor" San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved from type=business Accessed on 23 June, 2005

Evans BJ; Kiellerup FD; Stanley RO; Burrows GD; Sweet B. "A communication skills program for increasing patient's satisfaction with general practice consultations" Br Journal of Medical Psychology. 1987; December: 60 (Pt 4):373-378. Retrieved from db=PubMed& list_uids=3426975& dopt=Abstract Accessed on 23 June, 2005
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Critical Thinking Action Project the Fact That

Words: 1122 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 94121710

Critical Thinking Action Project

The fact that Manager Michael Lee Ray is in trouble "yet again" for an inappropriate interaction with the Tokyo office is a reminder that ExtraVert has not addressed its most serious problem. An observer can presuppose that Ray is intellectually or morally deficient -- but on the other hand, an observer doesn't know that but it is unlikely that a global organization would place a social outcast in a position of authority. who lacks cultural intelligence. How many times is corporate management for ExtraVert going to allow this problem to exist and fester like an open wound that hasn't been cleaned or disinfected?

First of all, the proper name of the employee in Tokyo should always be used, so "Hey Itchy" is a sign of ignorance of the cultural realities in Japan. "Too much sake…" is a bigoted and insensitive phrase that shows a lack of…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dewhurst, M., Harris, J., and Heywood, S. (2012). The global Company's challenge. McKinsey

Quarterly. Retrieved February 20, 2014, from 

Economist Intelligence Unit. (2012). Competing across Borders: How cultural and communication barriers affect business. The Economist. Retrieved February 20, 2014,

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Critical Thinking and Current Events

Words: 1474 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 20567267

In my experience, this is quite rarely the case. In fact, the truth in most families appears to be quite opposite: namely, the holiday season is the time that most people associate with their highest degrees of stress that highlights and exacerbates long-standing family conflicts and feuds. For every family where holiday arrangements are primarily a time of great joy and unity, there might be as many as ten times that many families where holidays generate annual arguments over whose turn it is to host (or not to host), whose families to visit in what order, and whom to invite. As often as not, hosting holiday parties involves keeping separate members of extended family who actually detest one another from coming to blows after drinking to much alcohol.

Instead of being the most peaceful time of year, the newspapers report that the holiday season is always the peak of suicides.…… [Read More]

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Critical Thinking Exercises Unappetizing the

Words: 626 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 46773371

Although the circularity of the logic of insanity as demonstrated by the very fact that a man desires to be eaten (because he is insane, because he wants to be eaten, because he is insane…) loses credibility due to the redundancy of such thinking, the implicit conclusion that the author comes to regarding this matter, "if every person with emotional problems were denied the right to determine what is in his own interest, none of us would be self-determining in the eyes of the law, except those of us who had no emotions to have problems with," may very well be inductive. It certainly seems to be a considerable assumption to say that people with mental (or "emotional") problems, should not be restrained from their actions, because in doing so virtually everyone -- who is at least half-crazy, if not further along on his or her way to being crazy…… [Read More]

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Critical Thinking Case Study Faith Community Hospital

Words: 1450 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30440461

Critical Thinking Case Study

Faith Community Hospital is a not-for-profit health care services organization that is currently facing a situation, which may compel it to resort to stringent cost cutting measures just to break even, and that too providing the average reimbursement rate does not change. Financial problems, however, are just one of the several problems that Faith Community Hospital must resolve in order for the organization to maintain and further build its reputation as a quality health care services provider. In brief, some of the other critical issues that the hospital needs to address are the conflict between the organization's spiritual heritage and values and the ethics of the medical profession; non-compliance with government, managed care, and insurance regulations; and non-adherence to hospital operational policies. Indeed, it is evident from the preceding list of issues that Faith Community Hospital has an organizational management problem on its hands, which needs…… [Read More]

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Critical Thinking and the Thought Process the

Words: 327 Length: 1 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 35504536

Critical Thinking and the Thought Process

The practice of critical thinking is an influence of various elements that affect not only individual behavior and personality, but one's thought processes as well. The first element that affects an individual's thought processes, i.e., critical thinking, is the personality of the individual. A person's thought processes is influenced by external factors such as time and place where the individual constantly interacts with others, influence of society via the mass culture, and self-perceptions developed from the self and through other people. Determining an individual's thought processes also takes into account the cognitive development within the individual as well, where the line distinguishing mind and brain is determined. Brain is the physical manifestation of thinking and thought processes in humans, while the mind represents the metaphysical form in which thinking occurs. Distinguishing between these two concepts is vital, since each concept plays a role in…… [Read More]

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Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

Words: 1009 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 58824150

Critical Thinking for Homeland Security

The objective of the article is to question the credibility of the decision adopting by the Bush's administration on North Korea due to claims that it (North Korea) was constructing a Uranium plant. Based on the universal structures of thought by Elder and Paul, it is apparent that the question at issue in the presented case is the credibility of the decision taken by the U.S. government towards North Korea. The U.S. believed that the North Korean state was in its quest of building a nuclear power plant secretly without the awareness of the U.S. As such, it promoted to U.S. To adopt sanctions against the North Korea such as suspending its deals with the state. The U.S. depended on unreliable information since up-to-date it has not verified the existence of a Uranium plant in North Korea as speculated by the report.

The decision adopted…… [Read More]


Another Intelligence Twist. (2007, March 2). Washington Post. Retrieved August 23, 2014, from
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Critical Thinking Case Study Let

Words: 2515 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22355846

(Donoghue, 1990)

The other problem is regarding third party reimbursements and state regulators which have had a significant effect on hospitals during the last ten years. Another factor that is brought out by the study is that during both 1983 and 1986 there were important variations in the inpatient reimbursement system that helped in improving the operating and final margins of hospitals. At the same time there are the health insurance companies who provide a large portion of the funds to hospitals are continually on the look out for reducing payment amounts. There are methods through which this is done and one of that is changing from inpatient settings to ambulatory surgery. Another set of problems come from settlements with labor unions. As an example a major portion of the health care providers were affected due to the settlement with Local 1199. This settlement also created similar effects in other…… [Read More]


Brennan, Phil. (April 12, 2002) "Church Crises Threaten Charities, Schools, Hospitals"

Retrieved from Accessed on 27 June, 2005

"Challenge of being chief of the hospitals" Retrieved from Accessed on 27 June, 2005

Donoghue, Richard J. (December, 1990) "Evaluation of hospitals as entities able to continue as going concerns" The CPA Journal. Retrieved from Accessed on 27 June, 2005
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Critical Path Method and Its

Words: 1131 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30849745

2002). This paper's focus will be on the CPM and PET methodologies.

The ockfest event has 26 tasks, each conveniently denoted by a letter in the alphabet. Having drawn up the Critical Path and analyzed it, I found the following. The Critical Path starts with task A, continues with B, D, E, F, G, and finally O. The time it takes to complete these tasks is 34 weeks. That is approximately eight and a half months. You will notice that the Critical Path does not include myriad tasks. That is because these tasks can be completed while the Critical Path tasks are being implemented.

Now, if, for instance, task B, or "select a local printer" took two more weeks than planned, how would a project manager handle the problem? I argue that the best thing to do, since task B. is part of the Critical Path, is begin crashing tasks…… [Read More]


Chen, Y.M. & Liang, M.W.; (2002) Design and implementation of a collaborative engineering information system for allied concurrent engineering, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 13, pp. 11-30

Chu, X.N.; Tso, S.K.; Zhang, W.J.; Li, Q.; (2002) Partnership synthesis for virtual enterprises, International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Vol. 19, pp. 384 -- 391

Huang, X.G.; Wong, Y.S.; Liu, Z.J.; Qiu, Z.M.; (2005) Critical-path-analysis-based dynamic component supplier optimization, International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, Vol. 18, Issue 8, pp. 702- 709
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Stiglitz Analysis of the Price of Inequality

Words: 3113 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 85851936


Analysis of the Price of Inequality

In the year 2013, issues of socioeconomic inequality are perhaps as pressing and problematic as they have ever been. This is the assertion at the crux of Joseph E. Stiglitz text, The Price of Inequality: How Today's Divided Society Endangers Our Future (ISBN-13: 9780393345063). Released in 2012 by .. Norton & Company publishers, the 560-page text is a timely and compelling contribution to the current public discourse on our need for greater economic equality in the United States.

Understanding the orientation of the text at the center of this analysis requires a more complete understanding of its author, the economist, Columbia professor and winner of 2001's Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences. According to his self-composed biography at the Memorial Foundation site, Stiglitz (2001) was born in Gary Indian in 1943. By his own report, his interests as a young student would lead…… [Read More]

Works Cited:

Chinni, D. (2012). 'The Price of Inequality' and 'The Betrayal of the American Dream.' Jefferson Institute.

Columbia University. (2013). Curriculum Vitae-Stiglitz.

Edsall, T.B. (2012). Separate and Unequal. The New York Times.

Stiglitz, J.E. (2001). Biographical. The Nobel Foundation.
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Nhs Change Analysis of Nurse-Led

Words: 3444 Length: 11 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 89643059

The variability in problems faced by the King Edward Hospital NHS Trust during the period in question, instigated a multi-level response in knowledge sharing and inclusion on practice. Kotter's theory relies upon such a method, where strategies are an exercise multi-tiered obligation.

As Kotter points out, the transformation model may not be suitable for organizations that are in pursuit of prompt change, and the series of responsibilities which result from consortium relationships may apply to one or all organizations within the scope of his definition of institutional cultures: 1) Developing Social Construct; 2) Oriented Social Construct; 3) and Pluralistic Social Construct types. Evidence-based practice in healthcare is compatible with Kotter's proposition. Process methodology including the '8-Steps' process in three (3) phases -- 1) Creating Climate for Change, 2) Engaging and Enabling the Organisation, and 3) Implementing and Sustaining the Change -- is illustrated in Figure 1.

Figure 1

Figure 1:…… [Read More]


Abidi, S.S., 2001. Knowledge management in healthcare: towards 'knowledge-driven' decision-support services. International Journal of Medical Informatics, 63 (1-2), pp. 5-18.

Abidi, .S.S. et al., 2009. Knowledge sharing for pediatric pain management via a Web 2.0 framework. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 150, pp. 287-91.

Abidi, S.S. et al., 2004. Knowledge management in pediatric pain: mapping online expert discussions to medical literature. Studies in Health Technology and Informatics, 107 (Pt 1), pp. 3-7.

Austin, M.J., 2008. Knowledge management: implications for human service organizations. Journal of Evidence-Based Social Work, 5 (1-2), pp. 361-89.
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Managing Human Resources Analysis of

Words: 1901 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 30159816

Based on the method the researcher use to conduct analysis, the data analysis presented is appropriate because the researcher use combination of both qualitative and quantitative methods in the data analysis.

Interpretation of esults

The interpretation of results is critical in the research studies. Based on the objective of the study, the researchers have been able to draw a significant correlation between research results and research aim and objectives. esearchers emerge the total combination of 2,991 themes to evaluate the opinion of students towards their tutors. The findings are presented in meta-theme and four meta-themes as being revealed in table 2.

Table 2: Findings in Meta-theme and four Meta-Themes combined


Endorsement ate (%)









Four Meta-themes Combine









Based on the effectiveness of TEF as a strategy to evaluate students perception on their tutors, the…… [Read More]


Chow, M.Y.K. Quine, S. & Li, M. (2010).Bene-ts of using a quantitative with qualitative mixed methods approach- -to identify client satisfaction and unmet needs in an HIV healthcare centre. AIDS Care. 22 (4): 491-498.

Fisher, W.P. & Stenner, A.J. (2011). Integrating qualitative and quantitative research approaches via the phenomenological method. International Journal of Multiple Research Approaches.5(1): 89 -- 103.

Onwuegbuzie, A.J. Witcher, A.E. Collins, K.M.T. et al. (2007). Perception of Students Characteristics of Effective College Teachers: A Validity Study of a Teaching Evaluation Form Using a Mixed-Methods Analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 44(1): 113 -- 160.

University of South Alabama (2011): Mixed Research: Mixed Method and Mixed Model Research. USA.
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Organizational Vision Analysis Doctor of

Words: 2864 Length: 10 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 49064297

" (2003)


Greene, Forster, and Winters (2003) report that charter schools typically serve disadvantaged populations. "The targeting of charter schools to disadvantaged populations I so common that many people have come to believe, incorrectly, that all charter schools serve disadvantaged students." (2003) One reason for this is that the "procedures by which new charter schools are created often encourage such targeting." (Greene, Forster, and Winters, 2003) Greene, Forster, and Winters reports case studies conducted by the U.S. Department of Education, one of which included 91 schools and states conclusions that "charter schools are held accountable for their performance...resource limitations are the biggest obstacles facing charter schools." (2003) in another study involving 150 schools and 60 authorizing agencies the U.S. Department of Education states findings that: "...charters learn quickly the best way to satisfy their various constituents is to focus on quality instruction." (Greene, Forster, and…… [Read More]


Elmore, Richard F. (2000) Building a New Structure for School Leadership. Albert Shanker Institute Winter 2000.

Charter School Basics (1998) the Charter School Roadmap, September 1998. Online available at

Greene, Jay P.; Forster, Greg; and Winters, Marcus a. (2003) Apples to Apples: An Evaluation of Charter Schools Serving General Student Populations. Equation Working Paper. Manhattan Institute for Policy Research. July 2003. No. 1. Online available at

Finn, Chester E.; and Vanourek, Gregg (2005) Lessons from the U.S. Experience with Charter Schools. Prepared for the PEPG Conference: Mobilizing the Private Sector for Public Education. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, October 5-6, 2005. Online available at
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Brethren A Critical Book Review

Words: 1790 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22949134

Indeed, this understanding of the Marshall court comes full circle: The Court is the most cutting edge front of American legal society, casting decisions that are years ahead of what the general populace often wants, according to Armstrong and Woodward, but the Court is also a conservative vestige of administrations past because of lifetime tenure.

That is why the most influential Courts are those in which an appointed justice does not conform to the expectations of his presidential appointer, but rather strikes out on his or her own with a body of decisions that counter the president's and former administration's ideas.


The viewpoint of Armstrong and Woodward as presented in "The Brethren" is a much more forgiving look at the Court's influence than the viewpoint presented in our text. However, "The Brethren" looks at the Court with its own jaded eyes as well. The book understands that justices are…… [Read More]

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Product by Value Analysis Product-By-Value Analysis in

Words: 603 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 59094255

Product by Value Analysis

Product-by-Value Analysis

In order to understand the concept of product-by-value analysis, one must first understand the correct concept of a product. A product itself is the "need-satisfying" offering of an organization, which may be defined as a good or a service. In understanding this fact, one can then gauge a deeper understanding of how these products are levied through the use of product-by-value analysis within a firm or an organization.

In dealing with product development, production, and distribution, companies must ask themselves the following question: how can we determine which products to develop? Product-by-value analysis is one such tool in terms of assessing whether or not the production of existing products within a company remains one that keeps an organization on the path to profit with a loyal consumer base. Heizer and ender (2010) note that product-by-value analysis is a concept that lists products in descending…… [Read More]


Heizer, J. And Render, B. (2010). Operations management, 10 ed. Print. New York, NY:

Prentice Hall Publishers.

Mukherjee, P.N. (2006). Total quality management. Print. New Delhi, India: Prentice

Hall Publishers.
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Statistical Analysis Reported in Two Journal Articles

Words: 3282 Length: 12 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90897815

Statistical Analysis eported in Two Journal Articles

esearch endeavors, albeit it clinical, empirical, descriptive, historical, or case study oriented, must at all times adhere to the rigors of effective or best-fit research practice. Without stringent controls placed on the area of investigation no research endeavor will advance any body of knowledge. To this end all research must be finely tuned and described as to intent or purpose, phenomenon to be assessed and reported upon, and relevance and efficacy of conclusions drawn. The remainder of this report will focus one a particular component in a research endeavor that is crucial for the acceptance of findings and conclusions drawn, namely the statistical technique employed to analyze the measured data obtained. However, prior to the actual evaluative critique pertaining to the two articles chosen I first want to present to the reader a brief scenario as to the importance of selecting the most…… [Read More]


Kerlinger, Fred (1964). Foundations of Behavioral Research. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc.

Ohlson, E.L. (1997). Best-Fit Statistical Practices. Chicago:

ACTS Testing Labs.
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Evidence Based Research and Meta Analysis on Children Feeding Disorders

Words: 2380 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 23320118

Meta- Analysis and Evidence-Based esearch on Children Feeding Disorders

The eating disorders are among pediatric clinical problems in the United States that can cause distress to clinicians and parents. Typically, eating disorders are affecting more than 40% of children of pre-school and school ages, and the associated psychology and health problems of the eating disorders include a mental retardation, behavioral problems, growth retardation, and poor academic records in schools. This study carries out the critical appraisal of a quantitative research article written by Williams et al. (2012) to demonstrate children eating disorders, and behavioral intervention in treating the problems. The study evaluates the credibility and reliability of the study by evaluating its research design, research findings, qualifications of the authors and its relevance to the clinical outcomes.


The objective of this paper is to carry out the critical appraisal of evidence-based research of the article titled "Pediatric Feeding Disorders:…… [Read More]


Dovey, T.M. & Martin, C.L. (2012). A Quantitative Psychometric Evaluation of an Intervention for Poor Dietary Variety in Children with a Feeding Problem of Clinical Significance. Infant Mental Health Journal. 33(2): 148-162. DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21315.

Melnyk, B.M. (1999). Building a case for evidence-based practice: Inhalers vs. nebulizers. Pediatric Nursing. 1999; 25: 102-103.

Melnyk, B.M. (2002). Strategies for overcoming barriers in implementing evidence-based practice. Pediatric Nursing. 28: 159-161

Melnyk, B.M. and Fineout-Overholt, E. (2002). Putting research into practice. Rochester ARCC. Reflections on Nursing Leadership. 28: 22-25
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High Performing Teams Case Study Analysis

Words: 1312 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 17418886

High Performing Teams Analysis eport

The report provides an analysis of the findings of the research article titled "A critical analysis of high performing teams: A case study based on the British Telecommunication (BT) PLC" (Quader, & Quader, 2009 p 172). The authors analyze the motivation and composition of the team in BT (British Telecom) by interviewing BT experienced employees as well as analyzing the company document to provide an insight into the benefit of the team composition. The authors also examine the application of the MBTI and Belbin's Theory in a real business world. Quader, & Quader, (2009) define a team as a group of people compose of between 8 and 15 members with a common goal of producing a well-defined output by rotating allocation of a given task. Put in other words, a team is a set of two or more group of people interacting interdependently, dynamically and…… [Read More]


Brueller, P., & Carmeli, A. (2011). Linking capacities of high-quality relationship to team learning and performance in service organizations. Human Resource Management, 50 (4), 455-477

Guttman, H. M. (2011). Collaborating for high performance. American Management Association.

Hamstra, M.R.W. (2015). Reward Management -- Linking Employee Motivation and Organizational Performance. Journal of Personnel Psychology. 14: 163-164.

Nelson, B. (2010 ). Top-performing team traits: Productivity and morale, keys to team success. Healthcare Registration, 3-4.
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Employment Analysis in HR Profession 2015

Words: 1479 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 34970554

Labor Market Analysis: H Professionals / Employment Analysis in H Profession 2015

Critical analysis of current labor market trends

Evaluation of the impact of external factors

Analysis of advertising, recruitment and selection methods

Professional standards and competences (including behaviors) for H Professionals

The place of interaction between employers and potential employees is termed as the labor market. Here, there is competition among employers to attract the most skilled individuals from the candidate pool, and among workers for acquiring the best jobs. The current U.S. labor market for human resource professionals is healthier, in economic terms, than it ever was since the Great 2007-09 ecession.

Critical analysis of current labor market trends

US unemployment rate in June was at a record low of 5.3% in this economic recovery and about half its October 2009 peak (10%). A strong average job growth rate of around 243,000 jobs a month was recorded last…… [Read More]


Lakshman. (2015). Human Resource Management. Available from competencies-pdf-download.html [Accessed: 29th October, 2015].

Qasemi, H.R. (2015). PEST Analysis in strategic Human Resources Planning. Available from

Randstadusa. (2015). 2015's Best Human Resources Jobs and Their Salaries. Human Resources. Available from [Accessed: 29th October, 2015].

Recruiting division. (2015). A Look at Human Resources Talent Today. Human Resources. Available from [Accessed: 29th October, 2015]
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Teletech WACC Analysis Teletech Corporation 2005 Teletech

Words: 1070 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 63065257

Teletech WACC analysis

Teletech Corporation 2005

Teletech is a regional telecommunications firm serving over 7 million customers of the Midwest and South regions of the United States (pg. 218). The industry is undergoing a transformational change, in which new competitors are entering the marketplace as the service products of previously unrelated firms, cable television firms, begin overlap (pg. 219).

Teletech has achieved a market dominant position by investing heavily in their capital equipment. The dividend of their 10-year capital expenditures is the delivery of a superior product and high levels of customer satisfaction (pg. 219).

Although the firm appears to maintain a secure place in its market, the competitive landscape is changing. The entry of new competitors and channels of communications, cell phones over landlines, compelled the firm to recently acquire a new business line that is aimed at developing new technology integrating computers with the firm's strength in telecommunications.…… [Read More]

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Capital Structure Analysis Mattel Clorox and MGM

Words: 1216 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 26626868

Capital Structure Analysis: Mattel, Clorox and MGM esorts

According to a report in the Journal of Applied Economics, companies with earnings/price ratios that are higher than their estimated after-tax borrowing costs, like Mattel, demonstrate that managers of publicly traded companies are in fact reluctant to make capital structure changes. Clorox, and MGM esorts International also fit into this category, per my hypothesis. I suggest a radical move for these risk-averse managers based on my analysis of their balance sheets: paying down debt with cash-on-hand for all three of these companies and eschewing the tax lawyers' advice -- conventional wisdom from a time when interest rates were higher -- that has gotten them into this unsustainable level of debt at the current moment. These companies are paying junk bond prices the interest rates for their debt. They shouldn't have to do so.

Main Body


U.S.-based…… [Read More]


1. The capital structure choice: new evidence for a dynamic tradeoff model, A Hovakimian, T Opler, Journal of Applied Economics, 2002 - Wiley Online Library

2. Corporate raiders don't cut investment in R & D, JB Welch, Long-Range Planning, 1992 -- Elsevier.

3. The weighted average cost of capital, perfect capital markets, and project life: a clarification, Journal of Financial and Quantitative Economics, 1980 - Cambridge Univ Press

4. The weighted average cost of capital: some questions on its definition, interpretation, and use, FD Arditti - Journal of Finance, 1973
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Business Strategies Coca Cola Company Case Analysis

Words: 2271 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 80312898

Business Strategies

Coca Cola Company Case Analysis

Strategy ecommendation in Business

The Coca Cola Company (Case Analysis)

The Coca cola Corporation is among the most successful and well-known company in the globe. Its reputable existence is analyzed with its performance and efficient management. The company has dominated and controlled the beverage industry for many years, and has often proven its abilities in innovation, creativity and consumer satisfaction. The company has also set extremely high standards in terms of competition. In fact, its trademark is recognized with over 90% of the entire global population. Many factors contribute to the success of the organization, but also there are many hindrances. Opportunities and external threats are also evident in its positional market. After critical analysis, the following report was acquired, for the purpose of planning the company's future strategies.

Coca Cola's present strategies

The company has implemented a well-designed technological framework, to improve…… [Read More]


Bohm, A. (2009) The SWOT Analysis. Munich: GRIN Verlag Publishers.

Fisher, J.G. (2008) How to Run Successful Employee Incentive Schemes: Creating Effective Programs for Improved Performance. New York: Kogan Page Publishers.

Kurtz, D.L., MacKenzie, H. F & Snow, K. (2009) Contemporary Marketing. New York: Cengage Learning.

Sam, S. & Makor, J. (2011) Strategic Internet Business Management -- An Assessment of Internet Business Growth Strategies: Empirical Evidence From Listed SME's in Denmark. Munich: GRIN Verlag Publishers.
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Special Education Teachers Analysis Scope

Words: 14451 Length: 53 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 74299083

This qualitative research uses a Delphi study to explore the perceptions of special education teachers regarding retention. This Delphi study includes twenty-five to thirty special education teachers of K-12 in two California districts of less than 40,000 students. The information gathered provides leaders in the field with successful practices in retaining special education teachers.

Purpose of the study

The primary purpose of this study is to explore the perceptions of special education teachers regarding the factors that influence their decisions to stay with a specific job placement or school community and develop recommendations for increasing teacher retention by developing more supportive school policies and practices. The study will employ the Delphi method to systematically survey special education teachers and develop an informed opinion about teacher retention by reviewing and distilling teacher input through several rounds of review. This survey of special education professionals can provide policymakers at all levels with…… [Read More]


Allard, J., Chubbuck, S.M., Clift, R.T., & Quinlan, J. (2001). Playing it safe as a novice teacher: Implications for programs for new teachers. Journal of Teacher Education, 52(5), 365.

Arnold, M. & Mitchell, a. (2004). Behavior management skills as predictors of retention among South Texas special educators. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 31(3), 214.

Colucci, K. & Epanchin, B.C. (2002). The professional development school without walls: A partnership between a university and two school districts. Remedial and Special Education, 23(6), 349.

Cooper-Duffy, K., Herzog, M.J., Prohn, K., Ray, M., & Westling, D.L. (2006). The teacher support program: A proposed resource for the special education profession and an initial validation. Remedial and Special Education, 27(3), 136.
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Subcontracting Analysis Cont'd What Factors

Words: 7083 Length: 26 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87721252

For example, in their study, "Nawkaw, Inc.: Changing the Color of Masonry," Amason and Ciavarella (2001) report that, "Commercial jobs usually were won through competitive bidding by general contractors, who then hired subcontractors. Sometimes general contractors did not seek bids, instead choosing subcontractors on the basis of their past performance" (p. 77).

Other factors involved that will likely influence which subcontractor will be selected relate to the organizational structure of the project. For example, as Frame (2003) points out, there is a basic approach to most large construction projects in use today. As shown in Figure 1 below, this is a commonly encountered organizational structure employed on construction projects which involves the owner retaining direct authority over both the contractor and architect-engineering firm; in this arrangement, the owner can issue directions, and the contractor and architect-engineering firm are obliged to comply and it is this degree of control over these…… [Read More]


Amason, a.C., & Ciavarella, M.A. (2001). Nawkaw, Inc.: Changing the color of masonry. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 26(2), 77.

Applebaum, H. (1999). Construction workers, U.S.A. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Bidding procedures for the City of Minneapolis. (2004). City of Minneapolis. [Online]. Available: .

Black's law dictionary. (1990). St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
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A concise Analysis of Multicultural Theories Of Psychotherapy

Words: 2788 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 28195674

Multicultural Theories of Psychology

Multicultural Theories of Psychotherapy

Diagnosis, treatment and care of patient and their conditions are greatly influenced by cultural considerations. These actors determine beliefs and values related to health. Yet, these widespread claims about the real value of cultural role in healthcare do not come with sufficient research basis. Psychotherapists have, for a long time emphasized the need to provide multicultural psychotherapy so as to manage and reduce the ethnic and racial disparities in dealing with mental health issues. How multicultural competencies relate with other clinical process measures and treatment results has demonstrated heterogeneity it effect, though (Karen W. Tao & Jesse Owen, 2015). A famous quote by Slavoj Zizek on multi-culturalism deserves a mention here. "For the multiculturalist, white Anglo-Saxon Protestants are prohibited, Italians and Irish get a little respect, blacks are good, native Americans are even better. The further away we go, the more they…… [Read More]


FIVE IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF MULTICULTURAL COUNSELING COMPETENCIES. (2014, July 29). Retrieved from Delaware Valley University:

Jairo N. Fuertes, Peggy Brady-Amoon, Navneet Thind, & Tiffany Chang. (2015). The Therapy Relationship in Multicultural Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Bulletin.

Jesse Owen, Mark M. Leach, & Bruce Wampold. (2011). Multicultural Approaches in Psychotherapy: A Rejoinder. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 22-26.

Karen W. Tao, & Jesse Owen. (2015). A Meta-Analysis of Multicultural Competencies and Psychotherapy Process and Outcome. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 337-350.
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New Services Stakeholder Analysis

Words: 992 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 16201586

Stakeholder Analysis: Starbucks Frappuccino

The Starbucks Corporation initially originated as an attempt to bring European-style cafe culture to the United States. However, in a drive to remain profitable and relevant as well as to honor its initial mission and vision, Starbucks has had to make some concessions to local tastes. One of these has been the development of the Frappuccino, a sweet, blended coffee beverage that is half-milkshake, half-iced coffee: it is both a unique product and also a unique service given that the blend is exclusively available at Starbucks' stores. Starbucks has continued to develop and reconfigure the Frappuccino to suit the evolving palates of its international consumer base. This has ensured that the company has enjoyed a strong bottom line, despite cheaper copycats from its rivals. The company recently released several innovative new flavors for the Frappuccino as well as new sizes to drive interest in its product.…… [Read More]


Harris, J. (2015). Cupcake, anyone? LA Times. Retrieved from:

Nanos, J. (2012). The story of the Frappuccino. Boston Daily. Retrieved from:
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CPR Analysis of Sudden Death

Words: 635 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12725371

The techniques spin a tale of heroism, medical magic to overcome the adversity of death..." (5).

Indeed, the author intends his readers to understand that what results from the belief of the myth of CPR is the continuing norm of tolerating people's belief that CPR can save lives and the last hours of the patient on earth are spent with the hospital staff rather than his/her family and/or relatives. hat happens is that death is "celebrated" impersonally. The process of commemorating death in a meaningful manner is replaced by the hope that CPR and other medical procedures can prevent sudden deaths. As explicated in "Sudden death," CPR is "an example of an excessively technology-driven medicine...advanced medical technology has corrupted the dying experience, making it somehow less 'natural'" (7). Apart from the absence of the meaningful celebration of death, the pressure to rely on the 'power' of CPR to revive a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Timmermans, S. (1999). Sudden death and the myth of CPR. Temple University Press.
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Science Critical Examination of the

Words: 1532 Length: 5 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 12853812

The differences between the empirical inductivist approach to science and the Popperian one are immense. Based on induction, the former approach is thesis to Popper's antithesis. The Popperian approach is a response to and a rejection of the value of induction in the scientific process. This rejection pits these two approaches against one another. In the end, while the empirical inductivist approach does have some value and has a long tradition of function to back it up, this is not the same as saying that it is a rigidly scientific approach to scientific inquiry. In this case, the Popperian approach provides us with a clearer division between theories that are and are not scientific.

orks Cited

Dolhenty, J. (2005). A basic introduction to the methods of science -- part 1. The Radical Academy. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at

McKinlay, S. (1998). The problem of induction: an analysis and critique…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Dolhenty, J. (2005). A basic introduction to the methods of science -- part 1. The Radical Academy. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at

McKinlay, S. (1998). The problem of induction: an analysis and critique of Sir Karl Popper's view of induction. Ontic. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at

Popper, K.R. (1963). Science as falsification. The Unofficial Stephen Jay Gould Archive. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at 

Siegel, D.M. (2001, October 19). Demonstration experiments: beyond the talking head. History of Science Society. Retrieved November 7, 2005, at
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A concise Analysis of Ronald Reagan foreign Policy's Annotated Bibliography

Words: 2217 Length: 7 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 95776619

Ronald Reagan Foreign Policy: Annotated Bibliography

ucker, Robert W. 1989. "REAGAN'S FOREIGN POLICY." Foreign Affairs 68, no. 1: 1-27.

he author of this article maintains that Ronald Reagan assumed the Presidential role rebuking the 70s' arms control attempts. As a majority of Reagan's fellow politicians were highly suspicious of any arms control pacts with Russia, the general belief was that the newly sworn-in President shared the same view. he cold-war agreement with respect to foreign policy remains consistently idealized since Vietnam. Rarely did it function with the now-envisaged efficacy and smoothness. his re-formation's key feature was, evidently, the restitution of a prevalent public opinion that perceived the exercising of U.S. power without guilt or distrust, once again. herefore, the chief Reagan foreign-policy legacy might well be that: the 40th President of the United States altered the inclination not to suffer for USA's global position into something of a firm resolve…… [Read More]

This article is an analysis of the cognitive style of Reagan as manifested through his statement on the U.S. and the USSR and the nature of the 1964-1972 international conflict. The analysis shows the black-and-white dichotomy thinking and the rigid perception. However, the authr argues that Reagan was able to modify his notion on winning or losing in war through the reorganization that the U.S. and the USSR had some common interests in the war, for example, constraining the nuclear arms race.

Fischer, B.A., 2000. The Reagan reversal: Foreign policy and the end of the Cold War. University of Missouri Press.

Even though there is the assumption that Reagan was reactive in bringing to conclusion the cold war, this book shows that the president had actually began seeking for rapprochement with the USSR earlier than Gorbachev took office. The author demonstrates how Reagan began calling for dialogue, understanding and cooperation between the superpowers. In general the book shows that Reagan was at time the driving force for the U.S.-USSR policy of his administration.
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Quantitative vs Qualitative Research a Comparative Analysis

Words: 1649 Length: 6 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 98275761

Quantitative vs. Qualitative Research

A comparative analysis of quantitative and qualitative research designs

In the conduct of sociological research, the qualitative and quantitative research designs remain the predominant structures in which scientific studies on social phenomena are discovered, analyzed, and interpreted. However, the emergence of quantitative research design prior to the development of the qualitative design created a dichotomy in the field of social science research, wherein preferences for each research design emerged. This dichotomy had been the central focus of discussions and debates about social science research: quantitative research is commonly associated with rigid scientific methodology and analysis, while qualitative research is considered more intrusive and less rigid in terms of data collection and analysis.

The dichotomy and differences between the qualitative and quantitative research designs led to the emergence of specific perceptions about each design. Quantitative research is considered more scientific than qualitative, while the latter is considered…… [Read More]


Babbie, E. (1998). The practice of social research. NY: Wadsworth Publishing Co.

Bazeley, P. (2002). "The evolution of a project involving an integrated analysis of structured qualitative and quantitative data." International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 5 (3).

Bechhofer, F. (2004). "Qualitative data and The Affluent Worker study: a missed opportunity?" International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 7 (1).

Devers, E. And K. Robinson. (2002). "The making of a grounded theory: after death communication." Death Studies, 26 (3).
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Gardasil an Analysis of the

Words: 2616 Length: 9 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 7697937

Perhaps the latter sentiment may be regarded as baseless speculation, but as we shall see after this section, there are a number of researchers whose view supports such a sentiment. Nonetheless, here is the report made available by the mainstream media in 2009:

CDC and FDA researchers wrote in the Journal of the American Medical Association that problems such as fainting and nausea remained rare among females who received Gardasil and the vaccine did not appear to be causing unusual side effects. The researchers said 32 deaths were listed in a government database that collects reports of health problems seen in people after vaccination. The reports show only that a patient became ill or died after receiving a vaccine, not that a vaccine was the cause. The FDA and CDC statement said 'concerns have been raised about' the reports of deaths of people who received Gardasil. 'There was not a…… [Read More]

Works Cited

Amiya, N. "Va Vaccines for human papillomavirus infection: A critical analysis." Publikationsansicht. 2009. Web. 15 Oct 2011.

Brinkman, S. "Gardasil Researcher Drops a Bombshell." The Bulletin. 2009. Web. 15

Oct 2011.

"Gardasil Vaccine Safety." FDA. 2009. Web. 15 Oct 2011.
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A Concise Analysis of Policy Politics and Global Health

Words: 4277 Length: 13 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 57993551

Policy, Politics, and Global Health

The public policy issue selected is childhood obesity. I selected this issue because childhood obesity has a considerable longstanding impact on the health of the public as well as the cost of health care. This is becoming a more significant issue in the public realm because childhood obesity emanates from the main reason that these children grow up into obese adults who might end up suffering a great deal of health problems. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) (2015), childhood obesity has more than doubled and increased fourfold in adolescents in the past three decades. Statistics indicate that by 2012, more than 33% of the children and adolescents in the United States were obese or overweight. This implies that there is a need for policy intervention addressing this health hazard.

esearch studies undertaken have indicated that childhood obesity is a relevant…… [Read More]


Andersen, E. (2011). The facts of lunch: Federal school regulations aren't the answer. The Heritage Foundation.

Arbor, A. (2014). Soda Tax for Adolescents and Exercise for Children Best Strategies for Reducing Obesity. Elsevier.

Cawley, J. (2010). The economics of childhood obesity. Health Affairs, 29(3), 364-371.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2015). Childhood Obesity Facts. Retrieved from:
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A Concise Analysis of Competency and Clinical Reasoning

Words: 1055 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 45856493


Competency and Clinical easoning

The society should be able to trust professional nurses to display a high level of competence in their work (American Nurses Association, 2013). All nurses have a personal responsibility to ensure their level of competence remains as high as possible. The Nursing associations are tasked with the job of creating a procedure of assessing competence of nurses. Competency in this context refers to the quality of work that a patient looks forward to from a nurse and it is characterized by high knowledge levels, well-honed skills and capabilities as well as good deduction ability.

Clinical reasoning is a commonly used phrase in medical writing where it could appear in its other forms such as medical judgment, analytical reasoning, solution provision and others. Clinical reasoning refers to a procedure in which nurses and other health personnel gather signs and signals, decipher what…… [Read More]


Benner P, Hughes R. G, Sutphen M. (2008). Clinical Reasoning, Decisionmaking, and Action: Thinking Critically and Clinically. In e. Hughes RG, Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses (Chapter 6). Rockville: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.

College of Registered Nurses of British Columbia. (2011, January). Competencies Required for Nurse Practitioners. Retrieved February 19, 2017, from:

Faculty of Health, University of Newcastle. (2009). Clinical Reasoning. Retrieved February 19, 2017, from:

Gormley, E. S., Misener, R. M., & Burge, F. (2013). A case study of nurse practitioner role implementation in primary care: what happens when new roles are introduced? BMC Nursing, Vol 12(1).DOI: 10.1186/1472-6955-12-1
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Critical Path Method Project Management

Words: 964 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 90926341


The critical path method (CPM): As applied to construction projects

The critical path method (CPM) was originally developed by the DuPont Company in the 1950s as a method of project management when DuPont shutting down its chemical plants for maintenance work. The shutdown process was complex and detailed, and had to be deployed in a highly regimented fashion in terms of the completion of steps and coordination of the workforce (CPM, 2011, Net MBA). Yet the process also demanded a certain amount of flexibility in terms of managing unexpected delays, as well as the need to reduce costs. Ever since its inception, other companies have been using the CPM method to optimize efficiency and reduce costs. Now it is most often used in the construction, architectural, and engineering industries to manage a project with multiple components.

The method is graphical in nature and thus is ideal to deploy for…… [Read More]


About Critical Path Method (CPM). Project Management Services Bureau (PMSB). Retrieved

May 4, 2011 

Baker, Samuel. (2004). Critical Path Method (CPM). Retrieved May 4, 2011
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Critical Thinking Notions

Words: 1351 Length: 3 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 66838512

saw two houses: one in the suburbs and one in the center of town. he suburban house was less expensive than the one in town so there must be something wrong with it.

he fallacy present in this remark revolves around the notion that when something costs less, it's as a result of some sort of flaw. While there is an expression "you get what you pay for" this expression is not always absolute. Many times there is a host of reasons why something might cost less than something else, and many of these reasons will have nothing to do with flaws or something being "wrong" with the house. For instance, the house might be priced less because it is further a way from the center of town, or might have an undesirable view or might be on a street where some tragic act of violence occurred. Regardless, none of…… [Read More]

The fallacy of this statement is that it seeks to separate human actions from religion. The reality is that man human actions are motivated by their spiritual beliefs and it might be sound in theory to attempt to separate them, but that is not realistic.

20. Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, all men are Socrates. (Woody Allen Love and Death 1975)

The fallacies of this statement cannot even be stated. It is illogical and absurdist.
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Critical Incident Stress Management CISM

Words: 672 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 87805504

Stress and Drug Abuse


Discuss the relationship between stress and substance abuse following critical incidents

Sufferers of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and survivors of other forms of trauma exhibit far higher rates of substance abuse than the general population. They may suffer from "psychiatric disorders that are clearly reactive to the trauma of the crime to which anyone would be vulnerable….the horror and helplessness of being victimized [may] have somehow triggered a persistent pattern of distress which may be viewed as an exaggerated adaptive and protective response" (Chapter 21: Substance abuse and victimization, n.d, Tennessee Victim Assistance Manual: 776). Substance abuse can be one way to self-medicate from such exaggerated responses, particularly if the symptoms of PTSD are not identified and treated early on during the sufferer's illness.

Examples of critical incidents that can increase the likelihood of substance abuse include violent crimes like domestic violence: approximately 50% of…… [Read More]


Chapter 21: Substance abuse and victimization. (n.d). Tennessee Victim Assistance Manual.

Retrieved August 9, 2011 at

Miller, Lawrence. (2006). Law enforcement traumatic stress: Clinical syndromes and intervention strategies. The American Academy of Experts in Traumatic Stress.

Retrieved August 9, 2011 at
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Critical Assessment and Consequences Social Media

Words: 739 Length: 2 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47209547

Social Media: Critical Assessment and Consequences

Organizations seeking to be competitive in this digital age ought to conduct regular social media audits so as to identify their weaknesses on the social media front, while at the same time assessing their future social media needs. For purposes of tis discussion, social media will be inclusive of all "internet-based resources that facilitate user participation and user-generated content" (Flynn, 2012). In seeking to assess my organization's current social media presence, I would first perform an internal audit of the company's online presence. This is an exercise that would call for the identification of all the social media profiles the company has. Here, I would be seeking to answer this question -- where exactly is the organization online? It would be wise to start with the big four spots, which include, Google+, LinkedIn, Twitter, and Facebook. I would also want to consider YouTube, Pinterest,…… [Read More]


Flynn, Nancy. (2012). The Social Media Handbook: Rules, Policies, and Best Practices to Successfully Manage Your Organization's Social Media Presence, Posts, and Potential. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons

Humphreys, A. (2015). Social Media: Enduring Principles. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.
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Critical Thinking Tools and Techniques

Words: 1112 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 3186908

Decision trees are one of the many tools that are used to fundament a decision and to ensure that each event outcome is properly analyzed and described. There are many definitions one can give for a decision tree, but basically it is a diagram with nodes and braches that "constitute a sequential path through a decision tree that reaches a final decision in the end"

Each path that one can take at a certain point is presented in a detailed form.

The diagram below describes the decision tree that is built when considering whether to launch a new product or consolidate the already exiting business. The decision tree generally starts with the decision that needs to be made, written in a square at the beginning of the tree. As we can see from the diagram below, there are two different paths of action we may decide to follow upon. Each…… [Read More]



2. Example description and diagram from Mind Tools- Decision Tree Analysis. On the Internet at

On the Internet at

Example description and diagram from Mind Tools- Decision Tree Analysis. On the Internet at
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Critical Evaluation of Joan of Arc

Words: 2702 Length: 8 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 22609302

Joan of Arc Using Intersectionality

Medieval Europe provides a significant number of examples of women who developed to become leaders and popes at a time when women were increasingly oppressed. The conventional self-image of women during this period was characterized by low self-esteem, which was influenced by increased oppression that disadvantaged women. However, the rise of some women to become influential leaders demonstrates their visionary experience in breaking up the conventional female self-image. An example of a woman who developed to become an influential leader in medieval Europe through visionary experience and breaking up the conventional female self-image is Joan of Arc. Joan's development to become an influential leader was influenced by her prophesy for a king and ability to become the central actor in her vision. Joan of Arc can be understood as a unique character in the context of other female mystics using intersectional analysis.

Brief Background of…… [Read More]


Barstow, A.L. (1985). Joan of Arc and Female Mysticism. Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion, 1(2), 29-42.

Butler, J. (1988, December). Performance Acts and Gender Constitution: An Essay in Phenomenology and Feminist Theory. Theatre Journal, 40(4), 519-531.

"Femininity During Medieval Times." (n.d.). Medieval Gender. Retrieved December 7, 2015, from

Hertz, S. (2014, April 9). Joan of Arc: Scourge of Modern Feminists. The Remnant -- A National Catholic Newspaper. Retrieved December 7, 2015, from http://remnantnews***.com/web/index.php/articles/item/503-joan-of-arc-scourge-of-modern-feminists
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Critical Thinking Strategies in Decision-Making

Words: 1297 Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: 47848788

administrative assistant to the CEO of Faith Hospital is to help the CEO map out a plan to deal with diverse pressures on the hospitals, which include falling revenue and a staff that makes life-and-death decisions based on personal ethics rather than established standards at the hospital. Chris's first assignment as AA to the CEO is to gather information for the CEO so the CEO can begin to lead all of the hospital staff to a solution of their problems.


Faith Hospital has several problems, many or all of which are related to a lack of specific guidelines for staff to follow when more than one choice of plan appears to be the right one, depending on the person's personal ethics. The only written guidelines the hospital has is their mission statement, which is far too vague to serve as operational rules. With no operational rules in place,…… [Read More]