Daubert Rule Case Study

PAGES
7
WORDS
2217
Cite

DAUBERT The case mentions that petitioners, plus two small minor children and their parents, made the allegation in their suit that was against respondent that the children's very serious birth deficiencies were basically caused because the mothers' had prenatal ingestion of Bendectin, which is a prescription drug that is marketed by respondent. The District Court basically decided respondent summary judgment founded on a well-credentialed expert's affidavit coming up with the conclusion, upon going through the wide-ranging published scientific literature on the issue, that maternal which was utilized of Bendectin has not been exposed to be a risk issue for human birth deficiencies. Even though petitioners had replied with the testimony of eight other well-credentialed specialists, who founded their assumption that Bendectin has the possibility of causing the problem of birth defects on animal studies, chemical structure evaluations, and the unpublished "reanalysis" of formerly issued human statistical studies, the court made the decision that this evidence did not meet the appropriate "general acceptance" normal for the admission of expert proof.

Summarize current state of the Daubert Standard

The Florida legislature passed House Bill 7015, in April 2013, which got rid of Florida's dependence on the Frye standard for the acceptance of expert testimony. This became effective in July 1, 2013, and every one of the Florida state courts will have to be able to adhere to the current federal standard, recognized as the Daubert standard. However, Florida has recognized that of course there is nothing novel or new in regards to the Daubert standard. Without a doubt, the federal court system applied it more than 20 years ago. Nonetheless, Florida practitioners, and specifically defense counsel, will need to be able to embrace this confirmation shift for Florida state courts. This is because the new standard provides defense attorneys with much more ways in which to attack the expert testimony.

Cases that Utilize the Daubert Standard

Two cases that have utilized the Daubert Standard are the Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael and COVEL v. RODRIGUEZ case which took place in Oklahoma. The I.R.A.C. analysis will be used to examine each of these cases.

The first case that will be talked about is the Kumho Tire Co. v. Carmichael case.

Issue

On July 6, 1993, Patrick Carmichael was driving his minivan, one of the passengers in the vehicle died, when the right rear tire blew out, and others were injured very badly. When three months went by, the Carmichaels decided that they wanted to sue the manufacturer of the tire, demanding that the tire was flawed and the defect caused the tragedy. The Carmichaels' case then rested for a huge part on testimony from a tire failure expert.

The tire failure professional counted on features of tire technology that the manufacturer did not dispute, in addition to background evidences about the specific tire on the Carmichaels' van. The expert's assumption that a defect in the tire produced the accident rested on definite observations in regards the tire that Kumho Tire strongly challenged. Kumho likewise bickered with particular parts of the tire expert's methodology, and questioned the federal region court hearing the case to reject it under Rule 702 of the Federal Rules of Evidence.

Rule

Finally, when providing the rule or law to this case it would prove difficult, if not difficult, for judges to order evidentiary rules under which a gatekeeping responsibility hinged on upon a difference among "technical" knowledge and "practical" or "other dedicated" knowledge. There is not any kind of clear line that separates the one from the others. However, disciplines for example engineering rest upon what is known as the "scientific knowledge." Pure scientific theory itself could possibly depend for its development upon reflection and correctly engineered equipment (Neubauer, 2013). And theoretical efforts to differentiate the two are improbable to yield clear legal lines skilled of application in specific cases. For example, Cf. Brief for National Academy of Engineering as Amicus Curiae 9 (scientist pursues to recognize nature whereas the engineer pursues nature's change).

Not anywhere is there a persuasive need to make these kinds of distinctions. Specialists of all kinds link observations to conclusions by means of using what Judge Learned Hand mentioned as "common truths resulting from & #8230; professional experience." Historical, Hand, and Practical Considerations On the subject of Expert Testimony, 15 Harv. L. Rev. 40, 54 (1901). In addition to whether the particular expert...

...

Vs. CARMICHAEL ET AL, 1998). The trial judge's power to guarantee that the particular testimony is consistent and applicable can benefit the jury assess that foreign experience, whether the testimony reflects scientific, practical, or other specialized knowledge.
Analysis

It is clear from the case that Carlson's depositions was relying heavily upon definite features of tire technology that are not in argument at all. However, a steel-belted radial tire such as the one the Carmichaels' had is made up of a "carcass" encompassing a lot of layers of flexible cables, and these are knows as being the "plies," along which are laid steel strips named "belts." Steel wire loops, called "beads," hold the cords together at the plies' bottom edges. An outer layer, called the "tread," encases the carcass, and the entire tire is bound together in rubber, through the application of heat and various chemicals. With that being said, it is clear why the Court really saw no "convincing need" when it came to drawing some kind of a distinction among "scientific" and "technical" knowledge, for the reason that both kinds of knowledge would naturally be outside the grip of the average juror. Therefore, it makes sense that the Court held that the gatekeeping purpose defined in Daubert applied to all expert testimony offered under Rule 702.

Conclusion

At the end of the day, I do come in agreement with the opinion of the Court, which makes it very clear that the discretion it approves -- ^trial-court discretion in selecting the style of testing expert consistency -- is not option to *15 9 get rid of the gatekeeping function. However, I really do think it worth making the point that it is not discretion to accomplish the function ineffectively. Rather, it is discretion to choose among means that are when it comes to excluding knowledge that is skewed and science that is worthless. And yet, as the Court makes obvious today, the Daubert factors are not holy court order, in a specific case the failure to apply one or another of them may be irrational, and therefore an abuse of freedom of choice.

The Next case is the COVEL v. RODRIGUEZ

Issue

This case involves a wrongful death action wherein plaintiffs made the argument that faulty brakes on the bus which were owned by Elias A. And Pedro Rodriguez (defendants) are what caused the demise of their family member, H.K. Covel. Covel was driving northbound on the inside lane of I-35 when his pickup truck sort of got out of control and went all the way into the median which caused the car to spill directly into the traffic. During that time, the defendants' bus was traveling in the other lane, and Covel's pickup and the bus hit just about head on H.K. Covel was killed on the spot. Plaintiffs stressed that another driver, Sparlin, bounced H.K. Covel in the opposite lane of traffic and the triggered him to lose control of his car. Defendants replied that their bus was not the reason of the accident and that their driver was threatened with an unexpected and inevitable accident.

Rule

When it comes to the rules, the evidence provides that an expert should be able to testify by inference or opinion and then be able to provide explanations therefor without preceding disclosure of the principal facts or data, unless required to reveal the underlying data or facts on by the court or cross-examination. (12 O.S. 2011 § 2705.5) Furthermore, in regards to the rule, it is the responsibility of the opposing party to begin that the expert is further than his knowledge or, if inside his general expertise, that he has not done a very good job when it comes to provide the proper basis or basis for his opinions. Permitting the defendants to bring up Daubert oppositions to the expert's testimony in the pretext of an inadequacy-of-the-evidence argument after the testimony has been acknowledged without objection robs the expert of the chance to provide other supporting proof. (Marbled Murrelet, 83 F.3d at 1067). Here, it is obvious that Daubert produces a gatekeeping purpose for the trial court on the topic of the admission of an expert's evidence, when confronted. It does not allow a party to permit the expert's testimony to be known and then endeavor to disrepute that testimony on Daubert positions after all the proof is in. By failing to object, the error is waived on plea,…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

Gavil, A.I. (1997). AFTER DAUBERT: DISCERNING THE INCREASINGLY FINE LINE BETWEEN THE ADMISSIBILITY AND SUFFICIENCY OF EXPERT TESTIMONY IN ANTITRUST LITIGATION. 65(3), 663-711.

Grove, W.M., & Barden. (2010). Protecting the integrity of the legal system: The admissibility of testimony from mental health experts under. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 1(12), 224-242.

KUMHO TIRE CO LTD., et al. Vs. CARMICHAEL ET AL. (1998, December 7). United States Supreme Court. .

M.S., C.R. (2014). Kumho, Daubert, and the Nature of Scientific Inquiry: Implications for Forensic Anthropology*. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 23-45.


Cite this Document:

"Daubert Rule" (2015, January 30) Retrieved July 25, 2024, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/daubert-rule-2148025

"Daubert Rule" 30 January 2015. Web.25 July. 2024. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/daubert-rule-2148025>

"Daubert Rule", 30 January 2015, Accessed.25 July. 2024,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/daubert-rule-2148025

Related Documents

forensic science considered a historical science? In your opinion, does this make it inferior to non-historical sciences (i.e. experimental sciences)? Why or why not? Forensic science is considered a historical science because the theories and assumptions it has constructed about criminal behaviors reflect the biases of the eras in which they were constructed to some extent and cannot be tested like a scientific hypothesis about a natural law like relativity.

Arson Is a Fire Purposely
PAGES 10 WORDS 2728

Such determination is the goal of any arson investigation. The advantages of accurate and thorough fire investigations should be obvious. All fifty states statutorily allow public investigations of all fires in an effort to determine their origins and causes. This process, however, is not without complications and, too often, the cause and origin are left as unresolved and identified as undetermined causes. Some fires are the result of complex events whose

Some of the most important tools in the arsenal of the fire investigator include the senses of smell, touch, and physical manipulation. Likewise, the process of logical deduction often provides the correct forensic analysis of the evidence. Under Frye, crucial expert witness testimony relating to the practiced synthesis of the totality of circumstances disclosed by meticulous investigation is often excluded from use at trial. Certainly, Daubert provided additional flexibility of possible

Courtroom Psychology This assessment addresses forensic psychological assessment. This question addresses some of the differences in forensic psychological work and clinical work. Most forensic psychologists are clinical psychologists who specialize in forensic work. These clinicians bring their clinical skills to the forensic assessment; however, there are unique circumstances in the forensic assessment that the clinician must consider. For example, it is infrequent that a client would lie, malinger, or withhold information

Fingerprint Evidence Are Fingerprint Identifications Such that Can be Considered Valid Evidence Fingerprint identification is a means of personal identification that is infallible and this is the reason that fingerprints have replaced other methods of identification of criminals. The science of fingerprint identification is stated to stand out among all other forensic sciences for the following reasons: (1) fingerprint identification has served governments across the globe for more than 100 years in

[4] In connection with expert witnesses and evidence, the most significant has been the Daubert case of 1993. Prior to this case, federal and state court judges had only two standards on which to determine the admissibility of evidence. The first one was relevance and the other was known as Fyre standard according to which only scientific information, which was generally accepted by the community, would be admitted. Opponents of