Depressive Disorder Mdd Is A Condition Distinguished Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Children Type: Research Paper Paper: #79049209 Related Topics: Teen Depression, Adolescent Depression, Mood Disorders, Therapeutic Alliance
Excerpt from Research Paper :

¶ … depressive disorder (MDD) is a condition distinguished by the presence of at least one major depressive episode (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2000). MDD occurs in adolescents with an estimated annual prevalence of four to eight percent and with a lifetime prevalence of 20% by age 18 (APA, 2000). In addition, the data indicates that the prevalence of depression rates among adolescents is increasing with the greatest surge in rates of depression occurring in adolescents between the ages of 15-18 years-old (Costello, Erkanli, & Angold, 2006).

Previous research has suggested that when MDD occurs in adolescents and children an untreated episode can last from seven to nine months (Sadock & Sadock, 2007). Adolescent depression shares many clinical features similar to depression in adults. Depressed adolescents are sad, they can lose interest in activities that used to be of importance to them, and they are very critical of themselves and believe that others also criticize them (Walkup, 2010). Depressed adolescents also feel unloved, pessimistic, and hopeless about their future; like adults they may think that their lives are not worth living and often can entertain thoughts of suicide (APA, 2000). Depressed adolescents often appear irritable and this irritability can lead to aggression or may lead to acting out in aggressive ways towards others (Walkup, 2010). It is not uncommon for adolescents with MDD to be indecisive, experience difficulties concentrating, lack energy or motivation, and even may neglect their personal appearance...

...

In MDD normal sleep patterns are often disturbed as well (APA, 2000).

Yet despite the general similarities in the presentation of MDD between adolescents and adults, adolescent depression differs in several important ways from adult depression. First, psychotic features do not occur as often in depressed adolescents as they do in adults and when psychotic depression does occur in adolescents auditory hallucinations are more common than delusions (Sadock & Sadock, 2007). Second, concurrent anxiety symptoms such as fears of separation or social phobic-type behaviors such as an unwillingness to meet with other people occur more often in adolescent depression (Walkup, 2010). Third, somatic symptoms including overall body aches and pains, stomachaches, and headache are more common in adolescents than in adults with depression (Costello, Erkanli, & Angold, 2006). Depression occurring in adolescents is often related to social factors such as popularity issues, issues with friends, fitting in, etc. (Costello, Erkanli, & Angold, 2006). There is at least a 2:1 ratio of the prevalence of depression in adolescent girls to boys (APA, 2000; Sadock & Sadock, 2007). One reason for this is that girls tend to be more socially oriented, feel as if they are dependent on social relationships to a greater extent than do boys, and find losses or changes in social relationships to be more traumatic than are boys (Costello, Erkanli, & Angold, 2006). And of course physical changes such as puberty can lead to identity confusion, hormonal imbalances, and other changes that can increase the probability of an adolescent experiencing a depressive episode (Giedd et al., 2006).

Much of the research on adolescent depression comes from adolescents in treatment and this group may experience more serious symptoms and reoccurrence…

Sources Used in Documents:

References

American Psychiatric Association (2000). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental

Disorders, IV- Text Revision. Washington, DC: Author.

Costello, E.J., Erkanli, A., & Angold, A. (2006). Is there an epidemic of child or adolescent depression? Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 47, 1263-1271.

Giedd, J.N., Clasen, L.S., Lenroot, R., Greenstein, D.,Wallace, G.L., Ordaz, S., Molloy, E.A.,


Cite this Document:

"Depressive Disorder Mdd Is A Condition Distinguished" (2011, June 03) Retrieved June 12, 2021, from
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/depressive-disorder-mdd-is-a-condition-48736

"Depressive Disorder Mdd Is A Condition Distinguished" 03 June 2011. Web.12 June. 2021. <
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/depressive-disorder-mdd-is-a-condition-48736>

"Depressive Disorder Mdd Is A Condition Distinguished", 03 June 2011, Accessed.12 June. 2021,
https://www.paperdue.com/essay/depressive-disorder-mdd-is-a-condition-48736

Related Documents
Mental Disorder Major Depressive Disorder
Words: 4992 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 66220020

They show that mood swings in depressed children alternate with days of a pervasive down mood. These moods involve sadness, loneliness, unhappiness, hypersensitivity, overreactivity, and negative attitudes. All of this is combined with irritability caused by sadness, self-deprecation ("I am worthless, stupid, and ugly"), feelings of being persecuted by others, an aggressive orientation toward authority, argumentativeness, and suicidal thoughts. Present as well is the trend of self-isolation or withdrawal

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Has
Words: 9747 Length: 35 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 85462278

, 2010). This point is also made by Yehuda, Flory, Pratchett, Buxbaum, Ising and Holsboer (2010), who report that early life stress can also increase the risk of developing PTSD and there may even be a genetic component involved that predisposes some people to developing PTSD. Studies of Vietnam combat veterans have shown that the type of exposure variables that were encountered (i.e., severe personal injury, perceived life threat, longer duration,

Children, Grief, and Attachment Theory
Words: 22384 Length: 75 Pages Topic: Children Paper #: 77393541

Figure 1 portrays three of the scenes 20/20 presented March 15, 2010. Figure 1: Heather, Rachel, and Unnamed Girl in 20/20 Program (adapted from Stossel, 2010). Statement of the Problem For any individual, the death of a family member, friend, parent or sibling may often be overwhelming. For adolescents, the death of person close to them may prove much more traumatic as it can disrupt adolescent development. Diana Mahoney (2008), with the

Analyzing Odyssey Dante Frankenstein
Words: 3056 Length: 7 Pages Topic: Plays Paper #: 95647040

Depression in Adolescence Depression in Adolescents The link between symptoms, etiology, core biochemical processes, treatment outcome, and treatment response of affective (mood) disorders is yet to be adequately understood for allowing their categorization, such that it meets universal approval. Still, one has to make an attempt in this regard, and researchers propose a potentially-acceptable one, derived from extensive consultation. In case of affective disorders, the basic disturbance is an affect (mood) change, typically

Analyzing Depression in Adolescent
Words: 3055 Length: 8 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 45960897

Depression in Adolescence Depression in Adolescents The link between symptoms, etiology, core biochemical processes, treatment outcome, and treatment response of affective (mood) disorders is yet to be adequately understood for allowing their categorization, such that it meets universal approval. Still, one has to make an attempt in this regard, and researchers propose a potentially-acceptable one, derived from extensive consultation. In case of affective disorders, the basic disturbance is an affect (mood) change, typically

Case Conceptualization Group Therapy CBT and Psychodynamics
Words: 2982 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 27547144

Abstract This case conceptualization covers a weekly outpatient relationships group consisting of fifteen members, ages 25-50. All group members have been formally diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder and/or Depression, and some with more than one clinical disorder. Additionally, all members have attended this group for at least six months, most of whom attend regularly on a weekly basis. The case conceptualization includes background information on the clients, behavioral observations, clinical interpretations,