Eating Disorders: Nutrition Research Paper

Length: 3 pages Sources: 4 Subject: Nutrition Type: Research Paper Paper: #51599812 Related Topics: Eating Habits, Bulimia Nervosa, Anorexia Nervosa, Nutrition
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Eating disorder, according to the National Association of Anorexia and Associated Disorders (ANAD) is "an unhealthy relationship with food and weight that interferes with many areas of a person's life" (ANAD). The topic of eating disorders has gained significance over the past owing to the ongoing healthy eating campaign. This text presents the causes, symptoms, and prevalence statistics of four common eating disorders among the American populace.

Anorexia Nervosa

Anorexia Nervosa is a complex eating disorder characterized by an obsession about the food one eats, and the weight they maintain. ANAD identifies anorexia as a leading cause of death, and the third-largest cause of long-term illness among women aged between 15 and 24. Women make up over 80% of those with the condition, which is more prevalent among teenagers and young adults between ages 15 and 24.

Anorexic persons have an intense fear of gaining weight, often preferring to maintain a distorted body shape and a weight way below that which is recommended for their height and age. This they do by exercising excessively and starving themselves (the restricting form of anorexia); or using diuretics, diet pills, and through vomiting (the purging type) (Helpguide). Although anorexic persons pay too much attention to their weight, and the food they eat, there often are underlying causes such as feeling out of control, pressure to be perfect, insecurity, loneliness, and depression driving the urge to be thin.

Anorexia is often confused with dieting, although the two are significantly different: first, anorexia is about controlling one's emotions and life, whereas dieting is about controlling, and hence, maintaining a healthy body weight (Helpguide). Moreover, unlike anorexia which focuses more on self-esteem, dieting is based purely on body image and body weight. Thirdly, anorexia leads one to strive for weight loss as a...


The effects of the condition are the same ones associated with malnutrition, including lack of menstruation, dehydration, dry skin, low blood pressure, insomnia, and fatigue.

The causes of anorexia can be grouped into: i) biological -- one inherits genetic tendencies towards perseverance, sensitivity, and perfectionism; and ii) environmental -- the media seemingly equating worth and success with thinness, and in so doing, driving the desire to be thin. Nonetheless, anorexia is treatable; through the support and guidance of nutritional experts, an anorexic can learn to develop healthy attitudes about their weight.

Bulimia Nervosa

Bulimia is a deadly eating disorder "characterized by recurrent and frequent episodes of eating unusually large amounts of food," followed by frantic efforts to prevent weight gain by exercising excessively, fasting, pill-use, or inducing vomiting (ANAD). Towards this end, bulimic victims exhibit some form of vicious binge-and-purge cycle. According to ANAD, bulimia is more prevalent among women, with 1.1 to 4.2% of them exhibiting the condition at some point in their lives. Moreover, the condition accounts for approximately 3.9% of deaths among women (ANAD).

Like is the case with anorexia, bulimia leads its victims to obsess over weight gain and strive for weight loss; however, unlike anorexic victims, bulimic patients can still fall within the weight range regarded normal for their age and height (ANAD). Persons with bulimia exhibit the following key symptoms -- broken eye blood vessels, swollen salivary glands and cheeks, ruptured esophagus, acid reflux, dizziness and body weakness, acute sore throat, swelling of feet and hands, bloating, compulsive exercise, and secret binge eating habits. Concern about body image, and low self-esteem are significant causes of bulimia (Helpguide). Other key contributors include a cultural overemphasis on thinness and influences from professions such as wrestling, modeling, and ballet dancing, which are inclined towards image appearance.

Like anorexia, bulimia is treatable through a tripartite mechanism that involves breaking the vicious binge-and-purge cycle, changing unhealthy feeding patterns and habits, and finding solutions to emotional issues.

Orthorexia Nervosa

Orthorexia nervosa is an eating disorder often described as an obsession about healthy eating. It begins…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

ANAD. "General Information." National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders, 2014. Web. 21 September 2014

Helpguide. "Anorexia Nervosa: Signs, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment.", 2014. Web. 20 September 2014

Helpguide. "Eating Disorder Treatment and Recovery: Tips and Strategies for Overcoming Anorexia and Bulimia.", 2014. Web. 20 September 2014

Marcason, Wendy. "Orthorexia: An Obsession with Eating Pure." Eat Right Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2014. Web. 21 September 2014

Cite this Document:

"Eating Disorders Nutrition" (2014, September 23) Retrieved August 11, 2022, from

"Eating Disorders Nutrition" 23 September 2014. Web.11 August. 2022. <>

"Eating Disorders Nutrition", 23 September 2014, Accessed.11 August. 2022,

Related Documents
Eating Disorder Anomalous Eating Habits Involving Too
Words: 1386 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Drugs and Alcohol Paper #: 50949992

Eating Disorder Anomalous eating habits involving too less or too much dietary intake that may lead to physical or mental harm to an individual is known as Eating Disorders. Classification of Eating Disorders According to Walsh and Sysko (2009) Eating Disorders are most commonly classified into three categories Anorexia nervosa (AN) Bulimia nervosa (BN) Atypical eating disorder or Eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS) Anorexia Nervosa is a medical condition associated with exceptionally low food intake, less

Eating Disorder and Gender
Words: 5075 Length: 15 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 8532186

Eating Disorders and Gender There are medical conditions which more commonly occur in one gender over another. These conditions can be either mental or physical. Very often, they are both mental and physical conditions. Certain medical situations are extremely severe and can potentially result in serious harm to the body or perhaps even death. There are certain conditions which being with a mental impression, a false belief that has been ingrained

Eating Disorders Understanding the Reason for Eating
Words: 2249 Length: 5 Pages Topic: Psychology Paper #: 10712107

Eating Disorders Understanding the reason for eating disorders and why they can occur is important in order to intervene in the lives of sufferers. The first step in identifying the problem is to understand more about the different types of eating disorders and some of the symptoms. Bulimia nervosa is a term used to describe an eating disorder. The person suffering from Bulimia Nervosa often overeats and then afterwards purges the food

Eating Disorder Group Sessions Group Session 1
Words: 1598 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Education - Reading Paper #: 22532584

Eating Disorder Group Sessions Group Session 1 Obesity: Hello, My name is Nancy and I am a counselor and a registered dietitian and I specialize in working with people who are seeking help for eating disorders. First when we talk about why people eat and why they do or do not gain weight we must talk about the balance between activity and calorie intake. In general when you eat more calories than

Eating Disorders Is There a Link/Relationship Between
Words: 1370 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Sociology - Miscellaneous Paper #: 49595384

Eating Disorders Is there a link/relationship between pathological dieting and eating disorders in young adolescents? (no American quotes or stats as I'm in Australia) Eating disorders and pathological dieting: An overview According to the Australian Psychological Society (2011) it is estimated five percent of all women and girls are suffering from anorexia nervosa, and two to three per cent have bulimia nervosa and other eating disorders. Males also suffer from eating disorders, affecting

Eating Disorders Anorexia Nervosa Has
Words: 403 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Business - Miscellaneous Paper #: 56410634

5. I believe someone with disordered eating would be more likely to want to talk about eating disorders. In many cases, those who eat disorderly have no idea they themselves are on the brink of the different side of eating orders, and so don't associate any personal grief to the topic. Yet, people with eating disorders are more likely to be embarrassed or shameful of their enactment of such voluntary