Anomalous eating habits involving too less or too much dietary intake that may lead to physical or mental harm to an individual is known as Eating Disorders.
Classification of Eating Disorders
According to Walsh and Sysko (2009) Eating Disorders are most commonly classified into three categories
Anorexia nervosa (AN)
Bulimia nervosa (BN)
Atypical eating disorder or Eating disorders not otherwise specified (EDNOS)
Anorexia Nervosa is a medical condition associated with exceptionally low food intake, less bodyweight and an apprehension of increase in the body weight in the affected person. The affected person usually exhibit transition from severe limitation to the binge eating behavior.
Bulimia Nervosa is a medical condition in which the effected individual binges on food and his repeated episodes of eating become out of his control. Hence, this disease is associated with obesity in the affected person. (Marcus and Wildes, 2009) Later on, the individual try…… [Read More]
D. esearch questions. This study will be guided by the following three research questions:
1. Can high cholesterol levels be genetically related?
2. Can high cholesterol levels be anatomically induced?
3. Do high cholesterol levels always result from poor eating choices?
E. Assumptions and Limitations. For the purposes of this study, it will be assumed that a chi-square analysis represents a superior methodology for the investigation of the above-stated general hypothesis.
F. Definition of terms.
1. Coronary heart disease (CHD).
1. High-density lipoprotein (HDL). This is the so-called "good" cholesterol (Griffith & Wood, 1997).
This term refers to an elevation of cholesterol in blood plasma (Albertine, 2001).
3. Low-density lipoprotein (LDL). This is the so-called "bad" cholesterol; these are the particles that contribute to atherosclerosis (e.g., the hardening and narrowing of the arteries) (Ulrich, 2002).
Chapter 2: eview of the Literature
Overview. As noted above, there are two…… [Read More]
The need for these types of interventions has been abundantly documented in recent years at the national as well as state and local levels. At the national level, the Healthy People 2010 initiative cites physical inactivity, overweight, and obesity as being high-priority areas for prevention and intervention in general and especially for youths, because:
1. The percentage of overweight youths has doubled during the past 30 years;
2. As many as 70 to 80% of overweight teens become overweight adults; and,
3. Poor eating habits and inactivity are directly related to conditions of overweight and obesity (Kyles and Lounsbery 38).
Based on the foregoing trends, increased participation in physical activity and sports should be considered an important enterprise for everyone, but particularly young girls who are at higher risk of developing poor eating habits (Kyles and Lounsbery 38).
The problem of obesity and poor eating habits, though, cannot be solved…… [Read More]
Water is an essential component in the balance of the ecosystem that mankind has continually thrived from over the years. The average intake of meat products has been on the rise over the past few years. The intake of meat products is seen as the greatest hazard in the human race sustainability both in terms of resource use and the health hazard it has UNEP, 2010()
To produce one tone of fodder, used as food for the meat producing animals, it takes thousands of tonnes. On average, a cow will produce 18 pounds of meat that is sufficient to feed 50 people for less than one week. The amount of water used in production in much higher than the amount of precipitation received annually ichard W. & Kate P., 2009.
This means that water usage in rearing animals for meat is significantly high compared to levels…… [Read More]
self-aware of their eating habits. Most often changes in the diet are associated with changes in lifestyle, education, and social behavior. The Paleolithic diet is one of the things that influenced the eating habits since the 1970s onwards and is considered to represent the adaptability of the modern human to ancient eating habits.
This diet is not only used for weight loss but also for changing the perspective on food and eating habits in general. For instance, part of the paleo diet is a well-balanced lifestyle based on increased workouts and lots of movement. The belief is that a diet based on ingredients that were used in the cave man era are valid for every day use if the life-style is similar to that especially with due consideration for exercise.
The diet is based mostly on the way of life the cave men had and on the hunters and gatherers…… [Read More]
Complementary and Alternative Medical Methods, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Eating Habits and Mealtime
The objective of the research in this study is to answer in what ways do complementary and alternative medical methods provide permanent treatment alternatives for autistic behavior in children ages 3 to 8.
Children with ASD are reported to have "complex feeding issues that go beyond normal fussy eating behaviors. They also do not usually respond to commonly used behavioral feeding modification methods." (ritish Dietetic Association, 2011, p.4) Additionally reported is that children who eat less than 20 different foods on a regular basis and are under the age of five years "appear to be the most vulnerable and will benefit from individual dietary assessment and advice." (ritish Dietetic Association, 2011, p.4) It is reported that a great many children with ASD also have "selective eating and therefore self-limiting diets as a direct result of their disorder." (ritish…… [Read More]
Understanding Men’s and Women’s Eating Habits
Various studies conducted and even opinions among the people confirm that men and women have different eating habits. When couples get married, they say “I do” for many things and signing up for a lifetime of togetherness goes hand in hand with signing up for shared eating habits. In most cases, couples will always have a great impact when it comes to one another’s dietary patterns. Therefore, their eating behavior has been affected by those who are around their circles, but for couples, it trickles down to their shared environment. Men and women exhibit distinguishable eating habits of their preferences, eating schedules, dietary programs, and socialization.
A couple eating in a restaurant show their different eating preferences by choice of meals they order. The man is more likely to eat meat and poultry products such as veal, duck, and ham plus shellfish such as…… [Read More]
Preschool children are not "little adults" that simply require less amounts of the same foods as adults. For instance, according to Wittman (2013), young people aged 3 and 4 years are typically called preschoolers and have special nutritional needs that must be satisfied in order to ensure proper development. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's "Choose My Plate" recommendations for 3- and 4-year-old children for various food groups are set forth in Table 1 below.
ecommended Daily Servings for 3- and 4-Year-old Children
cup of fruits
to 1-1/2 cups of fruit
cup of vegetables
1-1/2 cups of vegetables
ounce equivalents of grains
ounce equivalents of grains
ounce equivalents of protein
ounce equivalents of protein
cups of dairy
2-1/2 cups of dairy
Source: Adapted from Wittman, 2013
Studies have confirmed that preschool children from low-income families suffer more nutritional deficiencies…… [Read More]
Chinese Festive Food Advertisements in Malaysia
Today, Malaysia is a middle-income country that has succeeded in overcoming many of the developmental obstacles that remained following centuries of colonization and foreign occupation to become a rapidly growing economic powerhouse that is well situated to take advantage of the forces of globalization. Indeed, from a nation largely dependent on extraction industries and raw material exports just 40 years ago, Malaysia has developed a diversified economic infrastructure that promises to achieve the country's goal to achieve high-income status by the year 2020 (Malaysia economy, 2016). In the process, Malaysia has experienced a rapid growth in its upper and middle classes and, with a per capita income of $26,600, even younger consumers have larger amounts of disposable income compared to years past (Malaysia economy, 2016). These trends have also translated into higher levels of festive food consumption levels in Malaysia, an issue that forms…… [Read More]
Children are highly dependent on their parents because they are their sole providers. Parents' primary responsibility is to provide the basic needs - food, shelter and clothing - of their children. Therefore, parents shape the eating habits of children especially those under the age of 12 years. Generally, children are usually ready to learn how to eat new foods. They also observe the eating behavior of adults around them (Reicks, et al.). However, their eating behaviors evolve as they grow old. Numerous studies have identified factors that influence children eating behavior. They include living condition, access to food, number of caretakers or family members nearby, employment status, age, gender and health condition (Savage, et al.). This paper will estimate the effects that the above factors have on the eating habits of children.
The data for this project was compiled from various internet sources. All the statistical analysis was…… [Read More]
American food reflects the diversity of its population, and is continually evolving as its demographics change, too. Globalization has also allowed American eaters to acquire specialty items from around the world, from fresh produce to prepared and packaged goods, enabling immigrants to continue eating the foods from their native or ancestral lands. Many American families come from a Mediterranean background, and it is relatively easy to locate Mediterranean foods and consume products like olive oil. The health benefits of olive oil have also made the product popular among the general public. Furthermore, foods that originated in the Mediterranean like pizza have become part of the American diet.
Food is an important emblem of culture and ethnicity, which is one of the reasons why immigrants perpetuate their food and eating customs. Moreover, food brings together family and friends within immigrant communities and thereby strengthens social ties. Superstitions and religious beliefs may…… [Read More]
Eating Behaviors in First Year College Students
Drugs and Alcohol
Eating Behaviors in the First Year College Students
Eating Behaviors in First Year College Students
The transition from high school to undergraduate life is perhaps of the most challenging experiences from adolescence into early adulthood. One of the common side effects of this transition is weight gain that occurs during the first or freshman year of college. The paper will discuss how behaviors related to eating habits and alcohol consumption contributes to the general weight gain of first year undergraduates. Among college students, this weight gain is fairly typical and is known as "the freshman 15," referring to the average amount of pounds undergraduates gain over the course of freshman year -- fifteen pounds. It is a requirement of most colleges and universities of the United States that students are mandated to live on campus and eat from a school…… [Read More]
Eating and Clothing Pefeences
Clothing Pefeences and Diet as Reflections of Pesonalities
"You ae what you eat." "You ae what you wea." These ae two simple yet poweful sayings that ing so tue. Moe often than not, people's pesonalities ae eflected in the clothes that they wea o food that they eat. Eating has a diect effect on a peson's physical health, indiectly affects his/he body size, and to some extent, influences the peson's peception of his/he body image. Clothing, meanwhile, ae almost always diectly linked with people's moods and pesonalities. The level of comfot and even colo choice in clothes detemine if a peson is fun o seious, conscientious o caefee, o conscious about comfot o appeaance. Oftentimes, both clothing and diet have a diect influence o link with individual pesonality.
Eating is moe than just satisfying one's hunge; it is also a eflection of one's lifestyle. Lifestyle could…… [Read More]
Eating disorder is characterized by abnormal eating habits involving excessive or insufficient intake of food which is detrimental to the individual's physical and mental well-being. There are two common types of eating disorders although there are other types of eating disorders. The first is bulimia nervosa which is excessive eating coupled with frequent vomiting. The second type is anorexia nervosa which is immoderate restriction of food which leads to irrational weight gaining. The other types of eating disorders include eating disorders not otherwise specified which are essentially where a person has anorexic and bulimic behaviors, binge eating disorder which is compulsive overeating without any kind of compensatory behavior, and pica which is craving for certain non-food items such as glue, plaster, paper. It is estimated that roughly 10-15% of cases of eating disorders occur in males and statistics show that women are at a higher risk of developing eating disorders…… [Read More]
Only one male ate his burger torn into pieces, only one ate his burger around, while 10 of the males ate their burgers across.
Age appeared to be correlated to one specific type of eating behavior: tearing the burger into bites. Of the people who tore their burgers into pieces, two of them were very young children. The other two were either older teenagers or very young adults. No person over the age of 20 tore their burger into pieces to eat it. However, age did not seem correlated to whether a person ate a burger across or around. Most people ate their burgers across. In fact, of the 25 people observed, 15 of them ate their burgers across, and the age of those diners ranged from 10 to 65. There did not seem to be an age-pattern with the people who ate their burgers around, either; they ranged from…… [Read More]
Eating disorders are the number one cause of mortality among mental disorders. A significant portion of women in America suffer from eating disorders. This paper describes these disorders and identifies common, practical and theoretical approaches to eating disorders that are used by counselors, therapists and care givers to help women overcome their struggles. It discusses some of the causes of these disorders. Finally, it identifies the how the Christian perspective and faith-based interventions can be used to help women obtain a better, healthier, more positive, and more realistic image of womanhood to help them deal with the social and peer pressures, the unhealthy emotions, and the mental afflictions that can cause them to develop eating disorders. This paper concludes with the affirmation that the Christian perspective on healing can be an effective approach to helping women who suffer from eating disorders.
a. Key facts and statistics…… [Read More]
Mr. Grape's death left an indelible mark on his widow. Mama, who Gilbert claims was once "the prettiest girl in these parts," has become morbidly obese. Mrs. Grape won't leave the house and although she clearly loves her children, she has been debilitated since her husband's death. Her compulsive eating habits reflect her desire to stuff her pain deep inside, to smother her anger and fear with food. In fact, Mrs. Grape's overeating is mirrored in the way she treats Arnie: twice in the movie she bear hugs him, squeezing as if she could smother him. When Arnie is taken into police custody, she leaves the house for the first time in eight years. Her willingness to leave the house proves her love for her son and also enables her to experience an emotional catharsis, during which she screams in anger, "I want my son!"
Becky is the catalyst of…… [Read More]
Eating Disorder Group Sessions
Group Session 1 Obesity:
Hello, My name is Nancy and I am a counselor and a registered dietitian and I specialize in working with people who are seeking help for eating disorders. First when we talk about why people eat and why they do or do not gain weight we must talk about the balance between activity and calorie intake. In general when you eat more calories than your body needs to maintain your body and expend energy in movement the calories not needed for maintenance will be used by the body to build more tissue. Though weight does level off after time any temporary increase in calories over time will create a higher weight and the only way to lose this weight is to increase the amount of energy you use while decreasing the number of calories you eat, and this must be maintained even…… [Read More]
The youngsters and children who suffer from Anorexia Nervosa in early age suffer from low body development, lack of growth of good mental health and particularly with the low growth of sex hormones that make them weaker sexually. You can see many people who have poor body structure and lack of bone density due to their improper nutrition so these children usually have weak bones and there is fear that they may face with bone fracture in their life.
While besides physical body disturbance and weakness it put effect on the brain of human being and person who is diagnose with Anorexia Nervosa have weak structure of their brain and have physiological impact on those people including poor personality, shattered body image.
There are many ways that can be used to cure this disease but first of all you need to find out that you are also suffering from this…… [Read More]
Many cultural, familial, and social pressures create a child's food culture. The largest study, of 1,704 students over three years in the 1990's of schools that had reformed their cafeterias showed no change in the body-mass index in the students, although the schools had spent $20 million changing their menus and adding exercise programs and nutritional education. A second study, of more than 5,000 students undertaken at about the same time, came to the same conclusions. Schools can teach better habits and the consequences of bad habits, but there is no guarantee of success and a better way to gauge success is on a student-by-student basis (Belkin 2006:2).
Step 3: ork against commercialism of food
Having organized field trips to gardens, dairies, restaurants can help students connect with food in a more positive manner that counteracts the cultural message of advertising and cartoons. Martin Luther King Jr. Elementary School in…… [Read More]
Alcoholism researchers developed this model. The model presumes that a consumer is in one phase of change at any given time. This model entails Maintenance, action, maintenance, preparation or pre-contemplation (Patrick 189). The concept is that consumers have to shift from one stage to the next. The stages prepare them to move to the next ones sequentially. This suggests that if consumers hurry through or if they skip stages they are likely to experience setbacks. In addition, different stages apply different strategies. For instance, a person who is addicted to smoking and is at the pre-contemplation stage: this means that the person is not even thinking of quitting the habit. Probably, such a person is always not ready to consider making a list of alternatives (Lucas 920).
This model has been successful in areas such as drug abuse, smoking, and alcohol. However, the model has been applied in changing health…… [Read More]
"…people with NES tend to be more depressed than obese people without NES, and the mood of those with NES tends to worsen during the evening, something not seen in other obese people"(Logue, 2004, p. 185).
Among the many studies that provide insight into the background and origins of this syndrome, one of the most enlightening was Obesity by Stunkard, in Fairburn and Brownell (2002). This provides an in-depth analysis of night eating syndrome as well as a concise overview of the background of this condition. Stunkard also refers to a detailed overview of this condition.
Studies using the above criteria estimate that the prevalence of the night eating syndrome in the general population is approximately 1.5% and that prevalence increases with increasing weight, from about 10% of persons enrolling in obesity clinics to as high as 25% of patients undergoing surgical treatment for obesity…it occurs among about 5% of…… [Read More]
Nutritional needs vary depending on people and rely on other aspects such as weaknesses of genetics, disease predisposition, diet, age, health state, work, nutrition imbalance, climate, daily activities and emotional activities. Exposure to physical and mental stress may ridiculously cause an increase in certain amounts of nutrients, which exceeds the daily-recommended intake. Poor health will deny people the freedom to work towards achieving their goals and so on. In case of any health disorder, this will interfere with the normal functioning of an individual. The people who are mostly around that individual will be affected. Many of the daily activities would be affected, and relationships will suffer a terrific deal (Brug & Oenema, 2009).
Brug, J. Oenema, a. & Ferreira, I. (2009) Theory, evidence and intervention mapping to improve behavior nutrition and physical activity interventions. California: Cengage Learning.
Croll, K., Neumark-Sztainer, D. & Story, M. (2006) Healthy eating. Michigan:…… [Read More]
elationship Among Self-Esteem, Stress, Coping, Eating Behavior, and Depressive Mood in Adolescents
What is the research problem? Is the problem statement easy to locate and is it clearly stated? Does the problem statement build a cogent and persuasive argument for the new study?
The research problem explores the relationship between coping strategies, emotional problems and the tendency to overeat in adolescence. The problem statement is easy to identify and is contained in a properly labeled separate section located at the beginning of the study. The problem statement uses statistical data about the need to control obesity and adolescents as the key persuasive argument for the study.
Does the problem have significance for nursing? How might the research contribute to nursing practice, administration, education, or policy?
The study has significance for the nursing profession due to the health related problems that are caused by obesity. The problems do not end with…… [Read More]
The third group served as a comparison group. They were not put on a diet at all, they simply received information on healthy eating. All women received the same advice to increase physical activity, especially walking.
The women were followed for 40 weeks, with an additional follow-up visit at 65 weeks. The researchers took weekly measures in a variety of areas. These included body weight, episodes of binge eating, depression levels and difficulty sticking with the diet.
The different data from the groups were collected and measured statistically to see if there were any differences in the areas looked at in the study, in particular, if women on a low-calorie diet were more likely to develop a binge eating disorder.
The original belief of the researchers as they went into this study was that the women in the two diet conditions would be more likely than the non-dieting women to…… [Read More]
Some doctors believe that genetic factors are the core cause of a lot of eating disorders. esearchers have found specific chromosomes that may be associated with bulimia and anorexia, specifically regions on chromosome 10 that have been linked to bulimia as well as obesity. There has been evidence that has shown that there is an association with genetic factors being responsible for serotonin, the brain chemical involved with both well-being and appetite. esearchers have also determined that certain proteins such as brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are thought to influence a person's vulnerability to developing an eating disorder (Eating disorders -- Causes, 2010).
The advance of food in Western countries has become extremely problematic. The food that is produced in the U.S. every year is enough to supply 3,800 calories to everyone on a daily basis. This is far more than is needed for good nutrition. Obesity is a worldwide epidemic,…… [Read More]
These suppositions allow the researcher to view the world from a certain perspective while ignoring other perspectives. The researcher in this study assumes that his subjects are logical human beings who have a rationale point-of-view. Their thinking is valid and reasonable and their approach is more or less along the lines of scientific thinking. In addition, we assume that commonsense thinking and scientific thinking are more or less identical in nature. With these assumptions in mind, we take a post-positivism philosophical foundation; as in line with Trochim (2000) post-positivism is the outright denial of positivism (which argues that the laws of the nature are perfunctory and therefore deductive reasoning can be the only suitable approach to comprehend nature) and presupposes that day-to-day human and scientific reasoning are more or less the same and in order to understand reality, researchers have to use not only deductive but also inductive reasoning (Trochim,…… [Read More]
public health threats, many grassroots organizations and individuals have found writing letters to the editors of their local newspapers to be an effective means of raising public awareness concerning these threats (White & Olson, 2010). A sample letter to the editor of the Philadelphia Inquirer concerning the alarming prevalence of childhood obesity in the Philadelphia community in general and inner-city communities in particular is provided below.
Public school students in Philadelphia need healthier choices in school cafeterias. As many people in Philadelphia already know, the prevalence of childhood obesity in our community is at near-epidemic levels. Nationwide, the increase in the number of overweight and obese American school-aged children has been staggering (McDuffie & George, 2009). In fact, in 2004, fully 16% of all young Americans were overweight and another 34% were at high risk of becoming overweight and these rates were far higher and increasing faster for…… [Read More]
ascertaining the link between depression and eating disorders, with particular focus on young adults and teens. Not much information is available on the subject of eating disorder (ED)-diagnosed persons' nutritional status and food consumption. The objectives of this study were:
To explain eating disorder-diagnosed teens' nutritional intake and To study the relationship of depression with ED among teens without as well as with ED.
A number of data sources were employed for individual papers examined for this research. This examination facilitates the drawing of a few key inferences. ED's high stability and its major link to obesity and declining psychological health among adults highlight the necessity of timely problem identification and treatment in childhood and teenage. Depressed youngsters must be especially observed to detect restrictive ED development. Further, adult females depicting a lifetime ED diagnosis showed double the likelihood to report migraines as compared to unrelated members of this very…… [Read More]
The way Covey presents meditation makes an otherwise daunting practice seem approachable and doable. The author frames meditation as being another form of exercise, balance, and self-renewal, not as something reserved for mystics and yogis. After reading the chapter, it is easy to see how and why meditation can be incorporated into a regular regime of self-improvement. Not being so familiar with practicing meditation, I realized that the act involves little more than self-discipline, which is in itself a valuable habit to cultivate.
The next essential component of sharpening the saw is to develop healthy interpersonal relationships. I found this portion of Covey's chapter to be the most inspiring of all of them because how difficult interpersonal relationships can be. To sharpen the saw in the social arena, we need to reexamine some of Covey's other principles, mainly being proactive in our conversations and interactions. For example, instead of arguing…… [Read More]
Habit/Getting Things Done
Effective Habits and Getting Things Done:
A Comparison of Stephen Covey and Ram Charan
Both Stephen Covey and Ram Charan have written books dealing with the effective habits of individuals and how to get things done. Naturally, this type of topic is very important to businessmen and women around the country and around the world. It is important here to discuss what these two men have done that makes their work so important and so lasting in today's society. This will begin with a discussion of their books, or at least some of their books, and conclude with who has given the best advice. This conclusion will be based on opinion, since there are always those that could make an argument for either man, depending on the personal preference of the book's readers and what they feel they need in order to have the best possible experience.…… [Read More]
A dieter must come to know when he or she is most 'weak' in terms of binging, whether that is after a stressful day at night, or when in close proximity to food at the employee break room. Weight loss is a permanent lifestyle change, not a transient event like the word 'diet' sometimes suggests. Whether the triggers are emotional or physical, the dieter must develop coping mechanisms to wean him or herself away from fattening comfort foods. Having other, healthy foods on hand or developing new habits like going for a walk to deal with unpleasant situations can reconfigure a dieter's obesegenic environment and routine. Switching to smaller plates at home, stocking the refrigerator with healthy food, making exercise part of daily life rather than a rare occurrence, are all effective ways to slowly tone down the cues to overeat in the individual's environment. The problem with set point…… [Read More]
Media on Eating Disorders with a Concentration of 16- to 24-year-Olds
Agency Name: ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders
Location: The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders is located high in the ock Mountains just 15 miles from Colorado Springs, Colorado. It is located on an old camp ground that is housed inside an old student union building. The facility was once part of Colorado University and now used as treatment center for teens and young adults. Led by nine of the top full-time, board-certified psychiatrists plus other professionals that will specialize in treating eating disorders, The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders will consist of a highly skilled treatment team that will works to address each patient nutritionally and psychosomatically, as well as to manage other medical issues common to eating disorders. The ocky Mountain Treatment Foundation for Eating Disorders provides the best contact to some…… [Read More]
M.K., a 45-year-old female who has a history of Type II diabetes mellitus and primary hypertension. In addition to this, M.K. is overweight and persists with a poor diet. The patient has also been smoking for the past 22 years, and has recently been diagnosed with chronic bronchitis. Current symptoms include chronic cough, which tends to be more severe in the mornings and productive with sputum, light-headedness, distended neck veins, excessive peripheral edema, and increase urination at night. The patient is currently on several medications including Lotensin and Lasix for the hypertension, along with Glucophage for the Type II diabetes mellitus. From an analysis of M.K.'s lab results, this report will offer clinical findings and treatment recommendations, as well as suggestions for what other conditions M.K. may be at risk for given her health history, lifestyle, and lab results as follows:
158/98 mm Hg
Glycosylated…… [Read More]
Role of Nutrition in Health
Nutritional Assessment is a detailed evaluation of objective as well as subjective data, relating to an individual's food intake, along with giving due consideration to factors such as medical history and lifestyle of the said individual. The purpose of a nutritional assessment is to identify the malnourishment and/or undernourishment in an individual's diet and to eradicate the factors that make it unhealthy and unfit. Once the data relating an individual's eating habits has been collected and organized, it can be used to evaluate the nutritional status of that person. The assessment is followed up by a plan to either intervene or to devise a new proper nutritious diet plan to help the individual attain a healthier status (Carol Rees Parrish, August 2003).
In keeping up with the current obesity and overweight statistics, the need for a balanced nutrition profile has increased tenfold. Australia today is…… [Read More]
Behavioral approaches alone or combined cognitive behavior therapy may be used. Behavioral techniques might include simply not buying trigger foods or avoiding certain shops; that is, building up new habits to replace existing ones. Another example would be modifying eating behavior such as eating in the same place each day, or concentrating solely on eating and not watching television at the same time (Fiona Mantle, 2003)."
It is worth noting here that research has shown that people will change and transform their eating habits, once they learn the advantages and disadvantages of their eating behavioral patterns. However, at the same time, it is also worth noting here that since eating habits can be transformed through learning, they can also be unlearned, however, the process of unlearning may take place through a lengthy passage of time. As Fiona Mantle (2003) writes, "Eating behaviors are learned behaviors therefore they can be unlearned,…… [Read More]
Compulsive overeating or excessive eating is one of several known eating disorders. Eating disorders are rampant diseases in western cultures. Eating disorders are expressions of abnormal and nearly always harmful behaviors, attitudes, and perceptions of food and eating. They usually center around a great lack or great abundance of food entering a person's body. Eating disorders also involved distorted perceptions of oneself and the development of compulsive thoughts and behaviors. Eating disorders show up in male and female populations, when for most of the disorders' history, they were thought to only show up in women. Current psychological research shows that the degree of westernization in a culture is directly proportional to the likelihood and prevalence of eating disorders, particularly in women. Compulsive overeating is a form of binge eating disorder when people eat compulsively as a response to stress. Compulsive overeaters eat too much when they are…… [Read More]
Nutrition and Stress
Stress affects eating habits by causing a person to exhibit patterns of disordered eating (Khansari, et al., 1990). Some people will choose to eat too much, and others will eat too little (Seaward, n.d.). Additionally, it is not just the amount of food a person is taking in, but the type of food that is being consumed. Comfort foods are commonly seen in the eating habits of people who are stressed, even if the person would not normally consume those foods or would not eat them as often (Khansari, et al., 1990). When a person is experiencing stress, though, he or she unconsciously reaches for foods that bring psychological comfort, and that can actually cause more harm to the body. It is very important that a person under stress focuses on eating properly, such as having three meals per day, eating only appropriate snacks, and avoiding a…… [Read More]
Moreover, vegetarianism is theoretically possible at McDonalds by eating the token salads on the menu. The token salads might still be in keeping with the tenets of agro-business but they do not contain meat products. Still, Pollan hints at how those salads support the same industries that sustain large-scale animal slaughtering.
In Chapter Seven, Pollan focuses on the ethics and the feasibility of the fast food business model as well as its effects on dietary health and well being. Without droning didactically, Pollan points out the problems with fast food: such as high levels of fat and sodium. The nutritional content of fast food is directly and causally related to heart disease, obesity, and diabetes. Pollan needs not delve into great detail about that which most Americans should already be aware. What Pollan does point out are the hidden ingredients in McDonald's menu items, especially in the chicken McNuggets. By…… [Read More]
("Very Low Calorie Diets").
Some risks may be associated with both the LCD and the VLCD. Side effects of a very low calorie diet may include fatigue, nausea, or constipation ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). The formation of gallstones may also accompany the rapid weight loss associated with the VLCD ("Very Low Calorie Diets"). A low calorie diet like those recommended by the NHLBI may result in fewer side effects.
A low calorie diet may become a relatively long-term solution to chronic health care issues that require weight loss and maintenance. The VLCD is more suitable for short-term use. In the case with severely obese individuals with health care issues, use over several months may be necessary. However, in the long-term, doctors and their patients should work together to craft an eating regimen that is low in calories yet enjoyable enough that the individual incorporates it as part of an overall…… [Read More]
If it is understated, however, lives may be lost due to lack of preparation.
One of the difficulties of changing childhood eating habits is the uncertain degree to which environment, genetics, and culture are contributing to the adult and childhood obesity epidemic. One primary intervention would be to study the degree to which influences such as junk food advertising, school lunches, and the proximity of fast food restaurants to schools affect students' BMI. By assessing the degree to which exposure to unhealthy food advertising, meals in schools, and availability of snacks outside of school affect a student's weight, this could provide guidance as to what strategies should be used to prevent childhood obesity. On a secondary level, treating children who are overweight or at risk for obesity with specific intervention programs that could be compared against the weight and health records of control groups would give further guidance…… [Read More]
Obesity is a significant problem for today's American children. In fact, the NCCC calculates that more than 23 million children and teenagers are overweight. Since 1980, the obesity rate amongst children has more than doubled and amongst children aged 2-5 years almost tripled, whilst it has more than tripled in adolescents aged 12-19 years (Ogden et al., 2008.).
The problems of childhood obesity in children include the following:
Obese children are at a higher risk for asthma
Obese children are more likely to suffer from psychosocial problems, fatty liver, orthopedic-related problems and sleep apnea
Childhood obesity has also corresponded with a rise in with type 2 diabetes, particularly among adolescent minority populations
Obese children are found to be at greater risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as high cholesterol levels, high blood pressure and abnormal glucose tolerance
The causes of childhood obesity have been reduced to various…… [Read More]
Nursing: Estella Case Study
Which models of health are most applicable to Estella and his family? Why?
It appears that the action model is the model for health that is most applicable to Estella's family, largely due to the comprehensive nature of this model. It includes assessment, interventions, and dissemination of information that can actuate these people to make changes in their health and in their lives to greater ensure their wellness.
Which Healthy People 2020 (website) Objectives are of greatest importance to Estella's family? All of the objectives that pertain to weight loss and a reduction in the rate of obesity for children and adults pertain to Estella and her family. So do all of the ones that encourage a diversified diet in which fruits and vegetables are encouraged. The two related to a reduction in solid fats and saturated fats applies as well.
What effect do the leading…… [Read More]
In the UK for instance, there are no guidelines on the issue of nutritional labeling. In some cases nutritional information is ether missing totally or is present in a form which is too complex to be comprehended by the general public.
Therefore, the ongoing discussion between the industry players, health groups and regulators has a focus on making nutritional labeling compulsory as well as making the current system simpler to read and understand. This would the enable the consumers to make their own independent judgments on the type of food that they would like to purchase.
Several proposals have been advanced by the health regulators and watch groups. They include the placing of warning on food and beverages with high energy density as well as linking of the calorie consumption to the energy output by effectively stating how much exercise would be needed to burn off the 'extra' calories in…… [Read More]
This is why we feel that a workshop on this issue is critical. Obesity, unlike cancer and other deadly diseases, is preventable. To allow American children to continue to eat poorly is akin to letting them smoke cigarettes.
Teaching good nutrition and eating habits is not difficult. Many Americans do eat well, which is why we want to convince our target audience that it is possible to eat well and healthy. We also want to show that eating well feels good because when a person is healthy and exercises, they increase their overall sense of well-being. Therefore, healthy eating can be framed as a mental as well as a physical health issue. When we take into consideration the fact that obesity has an adverse impact on a child's self-esteem, it becomes imperative to teach good eating habits to young people.
Good eating is not just about avoiding fat or carbohydrates.…… [Read More]
There are remedies (albeit not easy ones for the individuals involved), as suggested by the research. However, and this is very important, the current public health approaches that the Saudi government has taken, as Mabrey et al. (2010) note, have focused fairly narrowly on medical approaches. This focus includes research that has been conducted on metabolic syndrome (which is caused primarily by being overweight). This is caused by clear-cut factors and has a number of possible poor consequences.
Mabrey et al. (2010) note that metabolic syndrome is on average 10 to 15% higher in the GCC states than in the rest of world and that females are disproportionately affected by metabolic syndrome. These researchers are among those who note that a strictly medical approach to such medical problems is far from sufficient. For while metabolic syndrome itself can be identified and described in purely medical terms, such an approach does…… [Read More]
Internalization of Fast Food Business
Internationalisation of Fast-food Business
PEST Analysis for India
PEST Analysis for United States
Comparison between the two Countries
Changes in the Global Environment due to Financial Crisis
Impact of Financial Crisis on Internationalisation
Fast food has transformed the eating habits of the entire population, whether they are resided in UK, U.S., Asia or any other country. The changing trend of the eating habits evidently exhibits that fast food industry is one of the industries that have developed over the time. Even though fast food consumption has shown an increasing pattern of factors that has affected the health in many ways such as increased overall calorie intake, contribution to weight gain, and elevation in the risk for various diseases, yet, the consumption trend at the same time has represented an escalation in the recent years (Parsa & Kwansa,…… [Read More]
1.7. Key definitions of terms
esearch process = a sustained effort concentrated around a topic or subject of study aimed at generating new findings, and characterized by identification and labeling of variables, research design, collection of data, analysis of data and evaluation of the problem (Shinde).
Qualitative research = esearch method through which researchers address the studied phenomenon by observing it in its natural environment and strive to make sense of it (Klenke, 2008).
Drive through = a window or another open and easy access facility, through which business can be conducted, and the customer does not have to leave their car (MacMillan Dictionary).
Startup business = a business that finds itself in the first stages of business operations (Investopedia, 2012).
Target market = the group of people to which an economic agent has decided to market and sell its products and/or services (Preddy, 2004).
1.8. Chapter 1 summary
In…… [Read More]
According to guissinguer (2003) anorectics, "...react to loss of body weight by displaying adaptive responses that originally evolved to facilitate leaving food depleted areas." Discuss.
Anorexia is a disorder attributed to attempts to attain a fashionable shape, but numerous studies suggest that it is possible for psychological and societal factors to contribute in the development of this disorder. According to Kaye et al. (1998), anorexia is a disorder characterized by unusual feeding habits, weight control, perceptions of weight and shape, and the view of body shape. In this context, the people involved diet because they fear gaining weight. Nevertheless, the etiology of anorexia is complex, but numerous studies suggest that social, biological, and developmental process influence its growth.
Interestingly, the manner in which these processes interact to enhance its growth remains a mystery. Apparently, views towards the levels of attractiveness in a given society may influence the psychopathology of…… [Read More]
pressure people into accepting the idea that being slim and looking good are essential steps in a person's journey to happiness. Either because of the profits they can gain from the 'industry' of looking good or simply because they want to promote healthy practices, numerous individuals have gotten actively involved in providing advice to the masses with regard to what attitudes they need to take in order to lose weight. The present day obesity epidemic needs to be addressed from several perspectives, as simply promoting healthy eating habits and physical exercise seems to have a limited positive effect on the general public. The 'trend' is rapidly progressing and it would be safe to say that the number of obese people is going to increase as long as society continues to use strategies it is currently using with the purpose of fighting it (Burton, Creyer, Kees, & Huggins, p.1669).
Among the…… [Read More]
Treating Adolescents With Anorexia Nervosa
Anorexia nervosa is an eating confusion described by a terror of fatness experienced during the adolescence period that leads to them to starving themselves leading to harmful low body weight, a moody fear of being fat and compulsive hunt for thinness. Though not limited to a certain age or sex, it mostly affects the female. The eating disorder affects both the physical appearance; thin appearance and psychological health. Though the origin of anorexia nervosa is blurred, severe fasting and weight loss are regularly linked with efforts to manage the increasing psychological and social burden of adolescence, the disorder leads to a reported death rate of 6-10% of the adolescent who do not seek medication in time Berkman et al., 2006.
The worry among most clinicians is whether to focus on anxieties the adolescence have during this period of growth or addressing the rigorous dieting and…… [Read More]
Type II iabetes
Achieving Optimum Well-Being with Type-II iabetes
iabetes is a serious illness, and it is becoming more and more common in the United States. Obesity statistics are startling, and they are rising yearly; with increased overweight individuals, the risk of Type II diabetes especially, also increases, and few things are undertaken to curb these harmful side effects of the unhealthiness that is taking over this country. While diabetes includes both Type I and Type II, and while both are very common and must be understood, this paper will undertake to understanding Type II diabetes, and will aim to find out exactly what causes this type of diabetes and how society can begin to curb its effect in the populations most affected. Furthermore, the paper will argue that there are two fundamental things that can help a person with diabetes live a better life, and these are…… [Read More]
My boundary then should be established in such a way as to discourage any attempts to manipulate me into validating Josephine's false perceptions of her own body as "overweight" or even "fat" as opposed to her conception of the ideal body type. My personal boundary needs to enable me to help Josephine towards a healthy body perception which should precede any attempts at changes in her diet.
Time is a naturally imposed boundary by the therapy situation. This enables me to help the client within a certain time frame. Since many of her perceptions will have to be changed, this is a good way to help her gradually towards a new frame of mind, without overwhelming her for prolonged periods of time.
The only boundary violation I would consider would be in terms of place and situation. Because of Josephine's specific therapeutic needs, I might invite her for dinner in…… [Read More]
Causes of Obesity
Recent attention has been given to the growing number of obese Americans. In a nation notorious for technological advancements, the American population is also becoming popular for its growing girth. The primary cause of obesity in America can be traced to the evolution of technology. Everything we have invented to make our lives easier has also made us lazier. ith the invention of vehicles, we stopped walking so much. Individuals prefer to stay indoors and watch television rather than go outside. Fast food is often selected over preparing meals in the kitchen strictly because of the convenience it provides. In fact, our technological advancements have made it possible to never leave the house for days. Considering these factors, it is no wonder that Americans are becoming fatter and unhealthy. hile many would like to blame their "genes" for this condition, it appears that obesity is a condition…… [Read More]
These dynamics suggest sample means may indicate questionable results without further testing to verify if skew distorts generalizability. There are plausible cases where such an extreme value would be kept, say if we were testing for risk of a rare event, in which case that would be the data point of interest compared to the rest.
Table 4. Partial Data Sample
from Q6, hours exercising
To investigate potential variables of interest, the data was sorted into male and female, and health-care related questions of interest displayed for both groups. This convenient procedure shows that while both groups scored similarly on many questions, the difference between means for questions 20-23 may yield interesting results with…… [Read More]
He is still deeply in love with his wife, as though he just met her . He expresses his love on a daily bases with his wife, with hugs, kisses, and showers her with lavish gifts . They cuddle in the evenings in the family room for an evening of relaxation watching television or reading . Although the sexual physical part of their life as slowed down, they still do have a very high sexual relationship which is shown in different ways or expressions .
Fears / Concerns
Mr. P expressed his biggest concern related to aging is being without his wife one day . He also expressed that he doesn't want to die the same way this mother did with Alzheimer's disease, as it was a horrible experience for anyone to live with and watch a loved die . This has played on his mind as he has aged,…… [Read More]
healthy Nutrition: A Chemistry View Point
Chemistry is a branch of sciences that deals with the compositions of matter and helps in identifying the substances that form matter. Living as well as non-living bodies are formed with substances. These substances differ in their composition, nature, properties, and reactions with other substances. There is a vital role of chemicals and chemistry in everyday life of human beings. The impacts of chemical substances on living beings can also be divided into direct and indirect categories. The impact of environmental substances is indirect in nature whereas direct impacts are chemical composition of food, nutrition, vitamins, and physical activity.
The following sections are focused on detailed review of relevance for chemistry and chemicals on healthy eating habits, nutrition, and vitamins. The significant role of physical activity and exercising is also elaborated in the sections below. There are significant benefits of healthy diet and exercise.…… [Read More]
More objectivity is however expected from scientists, but their opinions also vary. Specifically, the opinions of those who support growth hormones and those who reject them are all derived from scientific evidence. This in turn means that the results of scientific research could be manipulated and influenced so that the findings are indicative of the desires of those who initiated the study. In this particular sense, the most pertinent situation is revealed by the beef and dairy producers, who hire their own scientists to lead the research process in the direction desired by them.
Aside from these situations however, the scientists who have conducted studies tend to link various health problems with the growth hormones. Some of the side effects to consuming products with residual matters from growth hormones include the onset of early puberty in girls, an increase in the risk of breast cancer, an increase in the risk…… [Read More]
Young people with poor eating habits can develop eating disorders or these disorders may be in response to various psycho-sociological issues that arise during adolescence. Irrespective of the cause, adolescents with eating disorders run the risk of a wide range of adverse healthcare outcomes, including obesity, high blood pressure, bone loss and even death. The problem is more common than many people believe, and the prevalence of eating disorders has been increasing in recent years due in part to improved recognition of the condition by clinicians. To determine the current state of affairs with adolescent eating disorders, this paper provides a review of the relevant peer-reviewed and scholarly literature to develop a background and overview of eating disorders, their effects and how these conditions are treated. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings about adolescent eating disorders are provided in the conclusion.
Background and Overview
Professional and public…… [Read More]
erlin: Symphony of a Metropolis
The Weimar Republic represented a period of tumultuous upheaval for Germany politically and economically, but culturally as well. Following World War I, the public was only beginning to come to terms with the emerging pathologies and conflicts of Modernity and industrialization, and avant-garde art offered a means of approaching these issues apart from, but not outside, both the prevailing political rhetoric of the past as well as the discourse provided by a new generation of political actors and agitators. Walter Ruttman's 1927 film erlin: Symphony of a Metropolis (erlin: Die Sinfonie der Grosstadt in German) is one such piece of avant-garde art, because it attempts to show, over the course of a day, the life of a contemporary city as it blends, sometimes forcefully, the new and old worlds of the early-twentieth century. Examining Ruttman's film in detail will offer important insights into Wiemar-era cultural…… [Read More]