Elbrus Geologic Formation And History Research Paper

Length: 5 pages Sources: 5 Subject: Geography Type: Research Paper Paper: #90283591 Related Topics: Volcano, Cultural Geography, Geography, Human Geography
Excerpt from Research Paper :

Culturally, Mt. Elbrus represents an immovable beast of a mountain, and the Russians and Soviet Union have taken full advantage of this image when using it in propaganda campaigns (Shklarov, 2010). After the Nazi's captured Priut 11 in 1942, the Russians sent a bomber to destroy the structure, which was a few thousand feet below the summit. The Nazi's that took the Priut had climbed Elbrus and hoisted a giant Nazi flag at the summit, further emboldening the Russians to take back the mountain and the hut as both a propaganda action as well as a way to visibly defeat the Germans. According to official records, the only bomb to have landed near the hut destroyed the fuel tank (Shklarov, 2010). But the Nazi's and later, archaeologists studying the event disagreed that the fuel depot was even significantly damaged during the bombing. The Russian pilot was none the less awarded one of the country's highest honors for his bravery, and the event was used as a propaganda springboard for helping to drive the Germans from Priut 11 and ultimately in defeating the Nazi's in World War Two (Shklarov, 2010).

Currently, Mt. Elbrus represents an excellent draw for tourists, climbers, and skiers. The locals have begun to cash in on this attraction and besides the cable car system, have also constructed other climbing huts as well as outhouses and structures to aid in climbing the mountain and in other various recreational activities. Russia has spent millions of dollars in a campaign to help attract more people to the region, and according to many climbers, there are as many as 100 people who attempt to summit Elbrus on a daily basis (Horton, et. al., 2006). This number has been increasing, and will likely continue to do so as the snow and ice begin to recede from the mountains flanks and glacial moraine.

Environmental Condition and Threats

Mt. Elbrus is said to be home of the "world's nastiest outhouse." This small structure is located nearly 14,000 feet above


Besides this anecdotal evidence for lack of environmental concern, Mt. Elbrus is subject to glacial shrinkage as well as other issues that threaten the very fragile ecosystem and surrounding flora and fauna (McColl, 2005). Since the Russian government has not put any restrictions on climbing the mountain through issuing permits or limiting the number of visitors, the human footprint on Elbrus is enormous (Helman, 2005). Starting with the climbing hut built in 1929 and then Priut 11 and the cable car system, the mountain is host to myriad human intrusions which attract large crowds.

These crowds tend to leave large amounts of garbage and human waste and destroy much of the very fragile glacial ecosystems that exist on the mountain (Helman, 2005). The sheer amount of refuse and the human impact on the mountain and the surrounding areas have led to pollutants showing up in streams, lakes, and rivers as well. Many of these pollutants are extremely difficult to remove and the Russian government has show very little effort or interest in cleaning the area up (Hurley, 2009). Crowds and human waste are a problem on many of the world's tallest peaks as climbers, skiers, adventurers, and tourists flock to these areas to enjoy themselves and their surroundings.

Even the museum that houses many of the Priut 11 artifacts from the World War Two era has been abandoned. The power was shut off two years ago and the structure and all the artifacts inside stand rotting at the top of the cable car system. This is but one example of the waste and mistreatment of Mt. Elbrus's environment. Mt. Elbrus's glaciers have also been shrinking at an alarming rate. Much of the mountain is covered with snow and ice year round, but these areas have been shrinking over the past 30 years as weather patterns and conditions have changed, signaling a possible period of warming.


Helman, Adam. (2005). The Finest Peaks: Prominence and Other Mountain Measures.

Trafford Publishing: Victoria, Canada.

Horton, Patrick; Simon Richmond; Mark Elliott; and Steve Kokker.…

Sources Used in Documents:


Helman, Adam. (2005). The Finest Peaks: Prominence and Other Mountain Measures.

Trafford Publishing: Victoria, Canada.

Horton, Patrick; Simon Richmond; Mark Elliott; and Steve Kokker. (2006). Russia and Belarus. Lonely Planet: New York.

Hurley, Michael. (2009). The World's Most Amazing Mountains. Raintree: Chicago.

Cite this Document:

"Elbrus Geologic Formation And History" (2010, November 17) Retrieved November 30, 2022, from

"Elbrus Geologic Formation And History" 17 November 2010. Web.30 November. 2022. <

"Elbrus Geologic Formation And History", 17 November 2010, Accessed.30 November. 2022,

Related Documents
Rock Climbing Has Become a Popular Sport
Words: 535 Length: 2 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 41913157

Rock climbing has become a popular sport and recreation activity over the last few decades. Although danger might be part of the appeal of rock climbing, many feel that the real lure is the mental and physical requirements of the sport (Schneider Pp). Wade Polglase, who confesses to having tried almost every kind of sport, from organized group sports to mountain biking, says that rock climbing was the first one that

Rock Climbing Technology Rock Climbing
Words: 312 Length: 1 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 53512406

The challenges and excitement that rock climbing presents to the individual is the same in "exploring" the functions and features of computer systems. Working with a computer system is like working through a mountain containing numerous possible rocks as handholds and footholds. You do not know what to do first, what holds to use -- each hold presents a potential strategy that can either make climbing easier and faster or

Glory Road Movie the Story
Words: 3828 Length: 10 Pages Topic: Sports Paper #: 43260559

Even though Glory Road took place in the American South, its themes are prevalent throughout sports and through many different time periods. Current literature touches on many of the themes of the movie. A recent study of college students by Harrison and Lawrence looks at the perception regarding what seems to be the now dominating role of blacks in American sports today (Harrison & Lawrence, 2004). While this seems to contradict the theme of Glory Road,

Appalachian Trail Conservancy Grant Proposal
Words: 3596 Length: 14 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 97457483

Appalachian Trail Conservancy Grant Proposal The Appalachian Trail Conservancy having served the American population is experiencing high incidences of congestion of its premises and most of the premises are worn out. This problem has reached a point where public safety as well as hiking activities may be in jeopardy. Therefore, the Conservancy respectfully submits its proposal to the Corporate Giving Program for $250,000 to support its land acquisition and renovation of

Life I Have Been a Go-getter. I
Words: 991 Length: 4 Pages Topic: Teaching Paper #: 3783791

life I have been a go-getter. I graduated from high school at 16 because I was eager to begin my college education. Currently I am working on dual Bachelor degrees. One will be in Biochemistry and the other will be in Psychology. The same personality trait that has allowed me to graduate from high school early, pursue a dual degree program and many other accomplishments, is what will turn

Marketing Research: The Marketing Research Plan of
Words: 1743 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Recreation Paper #: 68667946

Marketing Research: The Marketing Research Plan of Extreme Exposure Rock Climbing Center The need for marketing research The marketing research problem Information types and sources (primary and secondary) Methods of accessing data Methods of collecting Data Design data collection forms (or scripts) The sample plan and size Analyze data Marketing Research: The Marketing Research Plan Extreme Exposure Rock Climbing Center. The need for marketing research With the climbing market exploding, the creation of a modern climbing centers necessitates an incredible amount