Ethical or Social Justice Essay

Excerpt from Essay :

Aboriginal people are the Indians who live in Canada. Over the years, they have been characterized by poor living conditions, low social status, poverty, discrimination, and social injustices. Government organizations should be on the front ensuring proper treatment and social justice for the Aboriginal people. Red Cross is an example of non-profit organization, which seeks to improve the status of the Aboriginal people, regardless of their social status and with equal treatment to all, as discussed in the paper.

Non-profit organization aims at providing services to the public, while profit organizations aim at profit maximization. Public interest comes first, for the non-profit organization, rather than their interests. The Red Cross is recognized as the non-profit organization, and it is chartered by the U.S. congress. It provides services worldwide, and the general population during times of disaster and the workforce is predominantly volunteers.

Red Cross society

Nonprofit organizations have to be accountable and open, and they should be ready to answer to their investors who have invested their money, faith and trust. They should be accountable to many stakeholders who include; funders, donors, volunteers, local state, general public, federal agencies and program recipients. Apart from being answerable, non- profit organizations should also ensure that they remain true to their mission. Maintaining trust is the paramount of nonprofit organizations because in this way, they can raise more money, and their processes become more effective. In nonprofit organizations, trustees or directors typically develop policies relating the organization's management. The director's purpose is to ensure that the purpose of the nonprofit organization to fulfill the public purpose is accomplished. They also determine the organization's purpose and policies are set for the operation.

The line between nonprofit organizations and for-profit businesses is often difficult to distinguish. Several organizations display combinations of nonprofit missions and business operations. Nonprofit organizations today operate in an environment of heightened expectations and accountability. Organizations that fail to reach these expectations are likely to erode confidence of potential funders and supporters hence inviting government enforcement for audits. Sometimes unaccountability can invite the government to introduce new legal requirements with bureaucratic compliance assurances that will accompany these requirements.

Public trust and confidence to nonprofit organizations has been often related to the latest activities, reported in the news. It is critical for nonprofit organizations to lay, down ethics, to ensure that public trust is maintained. The donor bill of rights has laid down donor-focused principles that donors expect from the organizations they support. These bills of rights are the ethical foundation of the development of their programs. Nonprofits who focus on ethics in the fundraising do the following; are truthful in their requests for funds, focus on the organization's mission, use gifts for the right purpose, and educate, to their capacity, to be effective. The ethics also ensure that they respect confidentiality of information about gifts and donors. The staff, which has a role in raising funds, should ensure that the organization raise funds ethically and legally. Since the staffs are the stewards, they should ensure that the donor's intention is honestly fulfilled (Ciconte, B., Jacob, J. pg. 6.).

Ethical principles

They adopted the Association of Fundraising Professionals (AFP) code, which has ethical principles that guide its members, it was adopted in 1964, and it is updated to reflect the latest best practices. Individual members of AFP must agree to uphold the code by signing a membership form. The members recommit themselves every year by renewing their membership. The ethical standards for professional practice include; not engaging in activities that will harm their organization, their profession or clients. They are also required to comply with the applicable laws. The ethics also ensure that solicitation materials are accurate and reflect the organization's mission and contributions are used according to the donor's intention. The donors should also receive correct implication on the tax implication of gifts and the correct advice on the value. The staff should not exploit relationships with various constituents to benefit the member or member organization. Privilege should be given in understanding donor information and should not be used to benefit other organizations. They should not accept compensation on the basis of percentage of contributions (Ciconte, B., Jacob, J. pg. 8.).

Red Cross society has principles that govern the ethics of its duties. Every member should abide, by these principles, to maintain the ethical standards required in the society. They include; unity, humanity, impartiality, neutrality, independence, voluntary service and universality.

The society is one, should act as a single unit and should provide services as a unit in the respectful areas to maintain and foster unity within and outside the society. Red Cross society is aimed at improving human's health and preventing the public from any risk that might expose them to danger. Humanity principle ensures proper service to the public and maintaining human respect. Principle of impartiality aims at providing services to any individual urgently in need of humanitarian assistance, regardless of gender, time, social class or race. This principle encourages the society to offer services with no discrimination to humanity whatsoever.

Neutrality goes hand in hand with impartiality. Neutrality principle maintains that the society should offer its services no matter the time or place or the nature of hostility that will face the society. It maintains that there should be no interference whatsoever that should hinder the society from practicing its duty to the public. Independence of the society implies that the society is free and different from any entity. This ensures that it performs its duties with no hindrance, so as to comply with the set standards and principles of the society. This, also, encourages unimpeachable ethics of the society. Voluntary service is the core reason for a non-profit making organization. The services offered are from an individual own willingness, and not pressured by anyone. Universality principle ensures that every society is treated equally, and the red-cross society offers the same level of services to every community.

Relationship between principles and social justice issues

Aboriginal Australian studies involve consideration of various things as ideology, system of knowledge, and worldview or indigenous theories (Hopkins and Gros, V. C, pg. 95).Aboriginal people's understanding of their rights is in some way constrained by contemporary constitutional discourse rights. Aboriginal sovereigntists contend that aboriginal peoples in some way should be accorded a form of unique political status. White paper liberalism continues to capture many attitudes in Canada about aboriginal peoples in Canadian society. The philosophical framework of the white paper is a catalyst for shifting Indian politics in Canada (Turner, A.D. pg. 13).

The theorists respect fair and just laws and denounce laws that degrade human rights and the people who are distinct. There is the white paper liberalism theory, which embodies a variety of broadened theory of liberalism. Three main ideas characterize the versions of it. Liberalism privileges an individual as the fundamental unit for the theory of justice. This implies that individuals count most when we think about justice theories. Fundamental notions about equality and freedom are also attached to and measured between individuals. Liberals agree that a good theory of justice has to involve the language of freedom and equality. The white paper talks about Indians being human beings who should be raised in a free environment of social, legal, and economic equality with Canadians. This introduces the concept of human freedom and equality; which are liberal principles of justice. This is a philosophical leap that introduces the discussion of justice. This thus emphasizes on recognition of the normative concepts of freedom and equality. The white paper contained significant massages to the Canadian people; that existing Indian policies were discriminatory. The white paper removes the discriminatory nature of the, federal Indian, policies and policy making in Canada. The paper also adds that separate but equal services do not provide equal treatment. Instead, the government should make all services available for everyone, and everyone should use them equally.

The idea of equality in an environment of truly equal treatment represents a form of egalitarianism. White paper presents fundamental principles that are liberally right. Principles guiding liberalism includes freedom, equality opportunity and moral individualism. Individualism comes in place when Indian is viewed as man with his own rights. The fundamental moral unit of developing rightful theory of justice is deviating from the sanctity of moral individualism. One virtue of moral individualism is the political thinking that; every citizen of the state has the same moral worth, and must be treated equally for the opportunities of good living to be made available to all citizens. This brand of liberalism is the most influential in developing, aboriginal public, policy in Canada. The philosophy of the white paper is mostly concerned with rights under its vision of a justified society. Moral individualism requires some philosophical framework to give it meaning.

Therefore, living in a constitutional society entitles us to own property as individuals, have opportunities to pursue the abundant life, and are free to choose for ourselves (with our own reasons) what a good life is,…

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