European Colonialism in the Middle Essay

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Syria, Jordan, Lebanon and Iraq were all "constructed" as "imperial conveniences for France and Britain" (Gause, 444). And so, when the British and French were authoritative landlords, places like Kuwait (a British "protectorate" until 1961) were safe from outside interference. But once Britain was long gone from Kuwait, Hussein had his chance to move in and he did, until the U.S. And its allies pushed him out in 1991.

Conclusion: After WWI, the winners divided up the Ottoman Empire, and that was the origin of the country of Iraq. The history of the Middle East -- beginning in the 19th Century and continuing today -- is shaped by outside forces, by colonialism, war, greed, and cultural conflicts. An alert reader can see why the invasion of Iraq by the U.S. In 2003 was star-crossed in the first place, and why Britain and the U.S. are hated so fiercely by
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the Muslim world.

Bibliography

Gause, Gregory F. 1992, 'Sovereignty, Statecraft and Stability in the Middle East', Journal of International Affairs, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 441-460.

Gillen, Paul, and Ghosh, Devleena, 2007, Colonialism & Modernity, University of New South Wales (UNSW), UNSW Press: Sydney, Australia.

Nieuwenhuijze, Chritoffel Anthonie Olivier. 1971. Sociology of the Middle East: A Stocktaking and Interpretation. Brill Archive: Boston, MA.

Public Broadcast Service. 2008. 'Kuwait: Country Profile', retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/kuwait605/profile.html.

Roberts, Sam. 2008. 'How the Middle East Got That Way', the New York Times Upfront. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://teacher.scholastic.com.

Seddon, David. 2004, a Political and Economic Dictionary of the Middle East, Taylor & Francis: London

Social Studies School Service, 2002. Teaching About the Middle East. Social Studies: Culver City, CA.

Stockwell, a.J. 2006, 'Suez and the Moral Bankruptcy of Empire', History Today, vol. 56, issue 11, 48-50.

The British Empire. (2002). Egypt. Retrieved March 15, 2011, from…

Sources Used in Documents:

Bibliography

Gause, Gregory F. 1992, 'Sovereignty, Statecraft and Stability in the Middle East', Journal of International Affairs, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 441-460.

Gillen, Paul, and Ghosh, Devleena, 2007, Colonialism & Modernity, University of New South Wales (UNSW), UNSW Press: Sydney, Australia.

Nieuwenhuijze, Chritoffel Anthonie Olivier. 1971. Sociology of the Middle East: A Stocktaking and Interpretation. Brill Archive: Boston, MA.

Public Broadcast Service. 2008. 'Kuwait: Country Profile', retrieved March 15, 2011, from http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/stories/kuwait605/profile.html.

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