Facts About The Central American Country Nicaragua Essay

Length: 3 pages Sources: 3 Subject: Literature - Latin-American Type: Essay Paper: #59764025 Related Topics: Central America, Central Bank, Costa Rica, Acid Rain
Excerpt from Essay :

Nicaragua

In the early 16th century the Pacific Coast of Nicaragua was settled by Panamanians as a Spanish colony but the country gained its independence from Spain in 1821, according to the CIA World Factbook. Daniel Ortega and his wife Murillo hold power in Nicaragua and Ortega convinced the Supreme Court and the national assembly to change the rule that a president has term limits, so for the time being, they are unopposed, approaching a dictatorship. A civil war erupted which brought Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979, and the United States became involved in funding the anti-Sandinista movement, which led to a major scandal in the Reagan Administration (more on that later in this paper).

Nicaragua Demographics

There is only one Latin American nation that is poorer than Nicaragua, and that is Haiti. As of July, 2014, there were approximately 5,848,641 people living in Nicaragua and the breakdown of age shows it is a very young nation: 4.8% are 65 years and over; 5.4% are between 55 and 64 years of age; 38% are between 25 and 54 years; 22.4% are between 15 and 24 years; and 29% are 14 years of age or younger (Index Mundi).

Fifty-seven percent of the population lives in urban...

...

As for clean drinking water and sanitation, 97.6% of people living in cities have safe drinking water but only 67.8% of the rural population has clean, safe drinking water; only 37% of the rural population has safe sanitation facilities while 63.2% of the urban population enjoys safe sanitation facilities (Index Mundi).

Ethnic groups include "mestizo" (mixed Amerindian and white) (67% of the population); white (17%); black (9%); and Amerindian (5%) (Index Mundi). Ninety-five percent of the population speaks Spanish and 78% of Nicaraguans can write and read; Roman Catholics make up 58.5% of the population; 23.2% are Protestant (of Protestants, 21.6% are evangelicals); 15.7% do not identify with any denomination, and Jehovah's Witnesses are just .09% (Index Mundi).

Nicaraguan Culture

The official website for Nicaragua explains that in the western half of the country the Spanish influence remains strong -- people speak Spanish and practice Catholicism, for the most part. In the eastern half of the country many people speak English and practice Protestantism, and there is a section in the eastern part of Nicaragua that remains "ethically distinct from the rest of the country" (www.nicaragua.com). The people that remain ethnically distinct observe "many of their tribal customs and languages"; they…

Sources Used in Documents:

Works Cited

Ambrecht, Jaclyn. "Education in Nicaragua." Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://borgenproject.org. 2014.

Briney, Amanda. "Geography of Nicaragua." About.com. Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://geography.about.com. 2009.

Brown University. "Understanding the Iran-Contra Affairs." Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.brown.edu. 2002.

CIA World Factbook. "Nicaraguan Economy 2015." Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.theordora.com. 2010.
Index Mundi. "Nicaragua Demographics Profile 2014." Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.indexmundi.com. 2014.
Index Mundi. "Nicaragua Environment -- current issues." Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.indexmundi.com. 2014.
Challenges." The World Bank. Retrieved May 13, 2015, from http://www.worldbank.org.


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