In the early 16th century the Pacific Coast of Nicaragua was settled by Panamanians as a Spanish colony but the country gained its independence from Spain in 1821, according to the CIA World Factbook. Daniel Ortega and his wife Murillo hold power in Nicaragua and Ortega convinced the Supreme Court and the national assembly to change the rule that a president has term limits, so for the time being, they are unopposed, approaching a dictatorship. A civil war erupted which brought Marxist Sandinista guerrillas to power in 1979, and the United States became involved in funding the anti-Sandinista movement, which led to a major scandal in the Reagan Administration (more on that later in this paper).
There is only one Latin American nation that is poorer than Nicaragua, and that is Haiti. As of July, 2014, there were approximately 5,848,641 people living in Nicaragua and the breakdown of age shows it is a very young nation: 4.8% are 65 years and over; 5.4% are between 55 and 64 years of age; 38% are between 25 and 54 years; 22.4% are between 15 and 24 years; and 29% are 14 years of age or younger (Index Mundi).
Fifty-seven percent of the population lives in urban...
As for clean drinking water and sanitation, 97.6% of people living in cities have safe drinking water but only 67.8% of the rural population has clean, safe drinking water; only 37% of the rural population has safe sanitation facilities while 63.2% of the urban population enjoys safe sanitation facilities (Index Mundi).
Ethnic groups include "mestizo" (mixed Amerindian and white) (67% of the population); white (17%); black (9%); and Amerindian (5%) (Index Mundi). Ninety-five percent of the population speaks Spanish and 78% of Nicaraguans can write and read; Roman Catholics make up 58.5% of the population; 23.2% are Protestant (of Protestants, 21.6% are evangelicals); 15.7% do not identify with any denomination, and Jehovah's Witnesses are just .09% (Index Mundi).
The official website for Nicaragua explains that in the western half of the country the Spanish influence remains strong -- people speak Spanish and practice Catholicism, for the most part. In the eastern half of the country many people speak English and practice Protestantism, and there is a section in the eastern part of Nicaragua that remains "ethically distinct from the rest of the country" (www.nicaragua.com). The people that remain ethnically distinct observe "many of their tribal customs and languages"; they…
History of Central America Central America is a distinctive region comprising of five small countries namely Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica. Economically speaking, the region is well-known for coffee production but political speaking, the words crisis, conflict and trouble define the region. The five countries have encountered more than their fair share of political chaos and turmoil beginning from the times of colonial occupation. Central American countries
S.A. preferred to move the responsibility of assistance from the arms of the state and pass in unto the ones of the private sectors. The trade capacity building assistance has its focus upon three main areas. The first area is represented by the reinforcement of the negotiating capacity of the five countries which adhered to the CAFTA agreement. The second one referred to then strengthening of the institutions which were responsible
George Orwell's 1984 And Contemporary American Politics And Society Orwell's novel, entitled 1984, is essentially a fictional projection of possibilities and "what if" scenarios. While it is classified as a work of fiction, the foundations of 1984 stem from the author's personal experiences and insights into the way governments and political groups manipulate and even construct the truth to suit their own ends in an effort to gain and maintain power.
Nicaragua The Civil War in Nicaragua was one of the defining events from the 1980s, and it also happened to be a defining event in my personal life and that of my family. The argument in question was over the nature of the revolution in Nicaragua, and the political motivations of the Sandinistas. My assertion is that the situation in my home country is not as black-and-white as it has been
Government Since gang-related crimes fall within the jurisdiction of state, this research will give an insight on the need to find solutions that increasingly include all levels of government. Congress needs to pass legislation that will change immigration enforcement laws and make more aliens deportable. In addition, the federal government should take a more active participation in helping local and state jurisdictions develop anti-gang responses. The local, state and federal governments
Racial and Ethnic Groups: Hispanics Living in the United States To suggest that Hispanics comprise a single ethnic group is to ignore the tremendous diversity among the different Hispanic ethnic subgroups. Depending on the heritage country, these different Hispanic groups may have very different cultures. Examining the linguistic, political, social, economic, religious, and familial conventions of these different ethnic subgroups helps highlight their similarities and differences. This paper will examine those