Federalist Versus Anti-Federalists Essay

Length: 2 pages Sources: 2 Subject: Government Type: Essay Paper: #76495046 Related Topics: Federalist, Judicial Branch, Government Corruption, Constitution
Excerpt from Essay :

¶ … Limits of Power

As detailed in Federalist Paper No. 67, although the executive power of the new American republic had certain absolute executive privileges, such as the ability to fill vacancies in the Senate, most significant powers were either checked by Congress or balanced out by the other two branches of government. For example, Congress had the power to declare war, not the president. The independence of the judicial branch was also an argument that no branch could grow more powerful than the other two. Hamilton argued in Federalist Paper No.77 that: "the answer to this question has been anticipated in the investigation of its other characteristics, and is satisfactorily deducible from these circumstances; from the election of the President once in four years by persons immediately chosen by the people for that purpose; and from his being at all times liable to impeachment, trial, dismission from office, incapacity to serve in any other, and to forfeiture of life and estate by subsequent prosecution in the common course of law." The anti-federalists in papers such as Cato in No.5, expressed anxiety that a national representative government with so few members would begin to serve its own, rather than the

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"It is a very important objection to this government, that the representation consists of so few; too few to resist the influence of corruption, and the temptation to treachery."

However, while concerns about the Constitution's ratification have long been settled, the question about the degree to which individuals in a republic truly represent their constituents remain. Today, the expense of running a campaign often means that wealthy donors and special interest groups have more influence upon representatives than ordinary citizens. Even the Supreme Court has been criticized for being overly beholden to business interests in rulings such as Citizen's United.

References

Cato. No 5. (1787). New York Journal. Retrieved from:

http://www.constitution.org/afp/cato_05.htm

Hamilton, A. (1788). No. 77. The Federalist Papers. Retrieved from:

http://www.foundingfathers.info/federalistpapers/fed77.htm

Question 2: The safety of the people

One of the arguments by the anti-federalists was that the new structure of the government would not truly allow the people to 'govern by consent.' As detailed in Cato No. 5, the anti-federalists asserted that so small a government would automatically be prone to corruption, given relatively few individuals were representing the interests of the many: "can it be asserted with truth, that six men can be a…

Sources Used in Documents:

Reference

Formative v. summative assessments. (2014). CMU. Retrieved from:

http://www.cmu.edu/teaching/assessment/basics/formative-summative.html


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